On various stories

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

370. Chapter: On various stories

1808. an-Nawwas ibn Sam'an said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned the Dajjal one morning and then lowered his voice about him and then raised it until we thought that he must be in a palm-grove nearby. When we went to him in the evening, he saw that we were disturbed and said, "What is wrong with you?' We said, 'O Messenger of Allah, in the morning you mentioned the Dajjal and then lowered your voice about him and then raised it so that we thought he must be in the palm-grove nearby.'

"He said, 'It is not the Dajjal which alarms me with regard to you. If he were to emerge while I was still among you, I would overcome him with arguments for you. If he emerges when I am not among you, then a man must have his own arguments and I leave Allah watching over every Muslim. He is a youth with curly hair who is blind in one eye. I could liken him to 'Abdu'l-'Uzza ibn Qatan. Anyone of you who meets him, should recite the first verses of Surat al-Kahf over him. He will appear on a road between Syria and Iraq and will cause havoc right and left. O slaves of Allah! Be firm!'

"We said, 'O Messenger of Allah, how long will he remain on the earth?' He said, 'Forty days: one day like a year, one day like a month and one day like a week; and the rest of his days the same as your days.' We said, 'O Messenger of Allah, in the day which is like a year, will it be enough for us to do the prayers of a single day in it?' He said, 'No, reckon them.'

"We said, 'O Messenger of Allah, how fast does he travel in the earth?' He said, 'Like abundant rain with the wind behind it. He will come to a people and summon them and they will believe him and respond to him. He will command the heaven and it will rain, and the earth and it will have growth. Their herds will return to them with the highest possible humps and fullest udders and the most ample haunches. Then he will come to a people and summon them and they will reject what he says, and he will turn from them and they will be struck by drought and lose everything they have. He will go through ruins and say to them, "Bring forth your treasures!" and their treasures will follow him like drone bees. Then he will call a man in the full bloom of youth and he will strike him with a sword and cut him in half with an aimed blow. Then he will call him and he will respond with his face beaming and laughing.

"'While he is doing these things Allah Almighty will send the Messiah, son of Maryam,. He will descend at the White Minaret, to the east of Damascus wearing two dyed garments, with his palms placed on the wings of two angels. When he shakes his head, drops will fall and when he raises it, drops like pearls will flow down. It is not lawful for any unbeliever to experience his scent without dying, and his breath will reach as far as his glance reaches. He will hunt the Dajjal until he catches him at the gate of Ludd where he will kill him. Then 'Isa will come to some people whom Allah has protected from the Dajjal, and he will wipe their faces and speak to them of their degrees in the Garden. While that is happening, Allah Almighty will reveal to 'Isa, "I have brought forth some slaves of Mine whom no one will be capable of fighting. So take My slaves to the Mount for protection." Then Allah will send forth Yajuj and Majuj and they will come sliding down every hillside. The first of them will pass over the sea of Tiberias and drink up what is in it and the last of them will pass and say, "This once had water in it." The Prophet of Allah, 'Isa, and his Companions will be beset to the point that if one of them has an ox head it will be better than someone having a hundred dinars today.

"'The Prophet of Allah 'Isa and his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, will pray to Allah Almighty and Allah Almighty will send down against Yajuj and Majuj worms in their necks and they will die as in a single breath. Then the Prophet of Allah 'Isa and his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, will come down from Mount and they will not find on the earth any place the breadth of a handspan without it being filled with their stink and stench. The Prophet of Allah, 'Isa, and his Companions, may Allah be pleased them, will pray to Allah Almighty and Allah will send birds looking like camels' necks and they will carry them away and put them down wherever Allah wishes. Then Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, will send down rain which no house of mud or hair can withstand and it will wash the earth until it is left like a mirror. Then he will say to the earth, "Produce your fruits and display your blessing." On that day a whole group will be satisfied by eating one pomegranate and its rind will be big enough to shade them all. Milk will be blessed to such an extent that the milk of one camel will be enough for whole groups of peoples. The milk of one cow will be enough for a tribe. The milk of one sheep will be enough for a clan. While this is going on, Allah Almighty will send a pleasant breeze and it will pick them up them under their arms and take the soul of every believer and every Muslim. The evil people will remain behind copulating like donkeys, and it is upon them that the Hour will come. [Muslim]

1809. Rib'i ibn Hirash said, "I went with Abu Mas'ud al-Ansari to Hudhayfa ibn al-Yaman and Abu Mas'ud said to him, 'Relate to me what you heard from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about the Dajjal.' He said, 'The Dajjal will emerge accompanied by water and fire. What appears to the people as water will in fact be fire that burns, and what appears to the people as fire will in fact be sweet water. Anyone among you who meets him, should plunge into what appears to him as fire, for it will in fact be sweet water.' Abu Mas'ud said, 'I also heard that.'" [Agreed upon]

1810. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Dajjal will emerge in my community and will remain there for forty. I do not know whether it will be forty days or forty months or forty years. Allah Almighty will send 'Isa ibn Maryam and he will seek him out and destroy him. Then people will remain for seven more years with no enmity between any of them. Then Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, will send a cold wind from the direction of Syria and no one who has an atom's weight of good or belief in his heart will be left on the face of the earth without it seizing him so that even if someone were to go inside a mountain, it would get into where he was to seize him. The worst people will remain behind with the flightiness of birds and the discernment of wild beasts, neither knowing what is right nor disliking what is wrong. Shaytan will take on a form for them and will say, 'Will you obey?" And they will say, 'What is your command?' He will command them to worship idols. They will have plentiful provision there and a good livelihood. Then the Trumpet will be blown. No one will hear it without inclining his neck towards the sound to listen. The first to hear it will be a man plastering his camels' watering-trough, and he will swoon and everyone will swoon. Then Allah will send - or he said 'Allah will make fall' - rain as if it was dew or a shadow, and people's bodies will grow from it. Then it will be blown a second time and they will be standing, looking round. Then it will be said, 'O people! Come to your Lord!' [It will be said,] 'Make them stand. They will be questioned.' Then it will be said: 'Bring forth those destined for the Fire.' It will be said, 'How many are there?' It will be said, 'Nine hundred and ninety-nine out of every thousand.' That is a day which "will turn children grey" (W73:16; H73:17). That is a day when, "the legs are bared" (68:42).'" [Muslim]

1811. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is no city which the Dajjal will not trample underfoot except for Makka and Madina. Every one of their passes has over it angels in rows, guarding it. He will halt at as-Sabakha and Madina will be shaken three times and Allah will expel from it every unbeliever and hypocrite." [Muslim]

1812. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Dajjal will be followed by seventy thousand Jews of Isfahan wearing head-shawls." [Muslim]

1813. Umm Sharik heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "People will flee from the Dajjal into the mountains." [Muslim]

1814. 'Imran ibn Husayn said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'There is nothing more terrible than the Dajjal from the time of the creation of Adam to the arrival of the Hour." [Muslim]

1815. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Dajjal will emerge and a man of the believers will go towards him and some sentries will challenge him, the sentries of the Dajjal. They will say to him, 'Where are you going?' He will say, 'I am going to visit this one who has emerged.' They will say, 'And do you not believe in our lord?' He will say, 'Our Lord is not hidden.' They will say, 'Kill him!' Then they will say to one another, 'Did your lord not forbid you to kill anyone without his permission?' They will take him to the Dajjal. When the believer sees him, he will say, "O people! This is the Dajjal whom the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, referred to!' The Dajjal will command him to be stretched out and will say, 'Take him and beat him on the face.' His back and chest will be made wider by beating. He will say, 'Do you not believe in me?' He will say, 'You are the false Messiah!' He will command him to be sawn with a saw from the middle of his head until he is split down to his feet.' Then the Dajjal will walk between the two halves and say to him, 'Get up,' and he will stand up straight. Then he will say to him, 'Do you believe in me?' He will say, "I have only been increased in insight into you.' Then he will say. "O people! I am the last person he will act like this towards.' The Dajjal will seize him to slaughter him, but Allah will turn his entire neck into brass and he will be unable to do it. He will take hold of his hands and feet and throw him, and people will imagine that he has thrown him into the Fire, but he will have thrown him into the Garden.'" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "This is the person who has the greatest martyrdom with the Lord of the worlds." [Muslim]

1816. Al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba said, "No one asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about the Dajjal more than I did. He said to me, 'He will not harm you.' I said. 'They say that he will have a mountain of bread and a river of water!' He said, 'For Allah the matter is even easier than that!'" [Agreed upon]

1817. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is no Prophet who has not warned his community about the one-eyed liar. Indeed, he is one-eyed and your Lord, the Mighty and Exalted, is not one-eyed. Written between his eyes is: kaf - fa' - ra'." [Agreed upon]

1818. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Shall I inform you of something about the Dajjal of which no Prophet has informed his community? He is one-eyed. He will bring with him likenesses of the Garden and the Fire. What he says is the Garden is, in fact, the Fire." [Agreed upon]

1819. Ibn 'Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned the Dajjal to the people and said, "Allah is not one-eyed, but the False Messiah is blind in his right eye which is like a swollen grape." [Agreed upon]

1820. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Hour will not come until the Muslims fight the Jews and the Jews hide themselves behind stones and trees and the stones and the trees say, 'O Muslim! This Jew is behind me, so kill him!' With the exception of the thorn-tree which is one of the trees of the Jews." [Agreed upon]

1821. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "By the One who has my soul in His hand, this world will not end until a man passes by a grave and rolls on it, saying, 'Would that I was the one in this grave!' That is not on account of love of the deen but due to affliction." [Agreed upon]

1822. Abu Hurayra stated that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Hour will not come until a mountain of gold is uncovered in the Euphrates which will be fought over, and ninety-nine of every hundred fighters will be killed, every one of whom will say, 'Would that I had been the one who was spared.'"

In one variant, "A treasure of gold is about to be discovered in the Euphrates. Whoever is present when that happens, should not take any of it." [Agreed upon]

1823. Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'They will leave Madina in spite of the good that it contains and only wild beasts will live in it - meaning beasts and birds of prey. The last persons to be gathered in it will be two herdsmen from Muzayna making for Madina, shouting to their sheep. They will find it empty. When they reach Thaniya al-Wada', they will fall down on their faces." [Agreed upon]

1824. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There will one of your khalifs coming after me at the end of time who shower wealth around without counting it." [Muslim]

1825. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari stated that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A time will come upon people when a man will go around with sadaqa of gold and will not find anyone to take it from him. One man will seen followed by forty women owing to the lack of men and the great number of women." [Muslim]

1826. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A man bought some land from another man and the one who had purchased the land found a jar containing some gold in his land. He said to the one who had sold the land, 'Take your gold. I bought the land from you but I did not buy the gold.' The one who had owned the land said, 'I sold you the land and what it contains.' So they took the argument to a man and the one to whom they took it said, 'Do either of you have a child?' One of them said, 'I have a son,' and the other said, 'I have a daughter.' He said, 'Marry the boy to the girl and spend on them out of it and give sadaqa.'" [Agreed upon]

1827. Abu Hurayra said that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Two women had their children with them when a wolf came and took away the child of one of them. She said to her companion, 'It has taken your child.' The other said, 'On the contrary it has taken your child.' They took the dispute to Da'ud, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he decided on behalf of the elder woman. They went to Sulayman ibn Da'ud and informed him and he said, 'Bring me a knife and I will divide him up between you.' The younger woman said, 'Do not do it, may Allah have mercy on you! It is her child.' So he judged that it belonged to the younger one."

1828. Mirdas al-Aslami reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The righteous will disappear one by one until only the dregs remain like the dregs of barley or dates and Allah will not care about them at all."" [Agreed upon]

1829. Rifa'a ibn Rafi' az-Zuraqi said, "Jibril came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'How do you gauge the people of Badr among you?' He said, 'Among the best of the Muslims,' or words to that effect. He said, 'It is the same with those of the angels who were present at Badr.'" [al-Bukhari]

1830. Ibn 'Umar stated that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When Allah Almighty sends down a punishment on people, the punishment strikes all those who are among them. Then they will be raised up according to their actions."" [Agreed upon]

1831. Jabir said, "A palm stump was set up for the Prophet, i.e. to give the khutba from. When the minbar was put in place, we heard the stump make a noise like a camel until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came down and put his hand on it. Then it was quiet."

In one variant, "When the Day of Jumu'a came, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sat on the minbar and the palm-tree from which he used to give the khutba cried out until it nearly split."

In one variant, "It cried like a child, and the Prophet came down and took it and embraced it. It began to sob like a child that is being quietened until it was still. He said, 'It was weeping because of the words of reminder it used to hear." [al-Bukhari]

1832. Abu Tha'laba al-Khushani Jurthum ibn Nashir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah Almighty has made certain things into obligations, so you should not neglect them, and has laid down limits, so you should not exceed them. He has made certain things unlawful, so you should not commit them. He has been silent about certain things as a mercy to you without any forgetfulness on His part, so do not look into them." [ad-Daraqutni and others]

1833. 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa said, "We went on seven expeditions with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, during which we ate locusts."

One variant has, "We ate locusts with him." [Agreed upon]

1834. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A believer is not stung from under the same stone twice." [Agreed upon]

1835. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There are three people that Allah will not speak to on the Day of Rising nor look at it nor purify. They will have a painful punishment: a man who has extra water in the desert and refuses it to a traveller, a man who sells goods to a man after 'Asr and swears by Allah that he bought them for such-and-such, and the man believes him, when that is not the case, and a man who offers allegiance to an Imam and only does so for the sake of worldly gain. If he receives gifts, he remains loyal, but if does not receive gifts, he is not loyal." [Agreed upon]

1836. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There are forty between the two blasts.' They said, "Abu Hurayra, forty days?" He said, "I am not sure." They said, "Forty years?" He said, "I am not sure." They said, "Forty months?" He said, "I am not sure." "[He said,] 'Every part of a man disintegrates except for the base of the tail-bone from which his creation is reconstituted. Then Allah will send down water from heaven and they will grow in the same way that vegetables grow.'" [Agreed upon]

1837. Abu Hurayra said that once, while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in an assembly talking to the people, a Bedouin came and asked, "When is the Last Hour?" The Messenger of Allah continued talking upon which some people said that the Messenger of Allah had heard what the man had said and disliked it while others said that he had simply not heard it. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had finished what he was saying, he asked, "Where is the person who asked about the Hour?" He said, "Here I am, Messenger of Allah." The Prophet said, "When trustworthiness has been lost, then expect the Hour." The Bedouin said, "How will it be lost?" The Prophet replied, "When authority lies with other than those who should rightfully have it, then expect the Hour." [al-Bukhari]

1838. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "They (the Imams) pray for you. If they are correct, you and they have the reward. If they make a mistake, you have the reward and the penalty is theirs." [al-Bukhari]

1839. Abu Hurayra said regarding, "You are the best nation ever to be produced before mankind," (3:110) "The people who are best for other people are those who drag them with chains round their necks until they enter Islam." [al-Bukhari]

1840. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah, the Mighty and Majestic is delighted at a people who enter the Garden in chains." [al-Bukhari]

1841. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The dearest part of a land to Allah are its mosques, and the most hated part of a land to Allah are its markets." [Muslim]

1842. Part of what Salman al-Farisi said is: "If it is at all possible for you, do not be the first to enter the markets nor the last to leave them. It is the arena of Shaytan and his banner is set up there. [Muslim]

Al-Barqani reported from Salman reported that the Messenger of Allah said, "Do not be the first to enter the market nor the last to leave it. In it Shaytan lays eggs and hatches them."

1843. 'Asim al-Ahwal reported that 'Abdullah ibn Sarjis said, "I said to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'O Messenger of Allah, may Allah forgive you.' He said, 'And you.'" 'Asim said, "I said to him, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked forgiveness for you?' He said, 'Yes and for you as well.' Then he recited this verse, 'Ask forgiveness for your wrongdoing, and for the men and women who believe.' (W47:20; H47:19)" [Muslim]

1844. Abu Mas'ud al-Ansari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Part of what people have of the words of earlier prophecy is: provided it does not make you feel shame, do whatever you wish." [al-Bukhari]

1845. Ibn Mas'ud reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The first matter that will be decided between people on the Day of Rising concerns the shedding of blood." [Agreed upon]

1846. 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The angels were created from light and the jinn were created from smokeless fire and Adam was created from what has been described to you.'" [Muslim]

1847. 'A'isha said, "The character of the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was the Qur'an." [Muslim]

1848. 'A'isha reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah wants to meet anyone who wants to meet Him. Allah is averse to meeting anyone who is averse to meeting Him." I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, does that mean aversion to death?' All of us are averse to death. He said, 'It does not mean that, but the when the believer is given the good news of the mercy of Allah and His pleasure and His garden, he wants to meet Allah. and so Allah wants to meet him. When the unbeliever is given the news of the punishment of Allah and His wrath, he is averse to meeting Allah and so Allah is averse to meeting him.'" [Muslim]

1849. Umm al-Mu'minin, Safiyya bint Huyayy said, "I went to visit the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the night while he was doing i'tikaf. I spoke to him and then got up to return home. He got up to accompany me. Two men of the Ansar passed by. When they saw the Prophet, they hurried up. The Prophet said, 'Easy! It is Safiyya bint Huyayy.' They said, 'Glory be to Allah, Messenger of Allah.' He, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Shaytan reaches everywhere in a man that his blood reaches and I feared that he might cast evil - or he said 'something' - into your hearts.'" [Agreed upon]

1850. Abu'l-Fadl al-'Abbas ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib said, "I was present with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of Hunayn, and I and Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib stayed close to the Messenger of Allah and did not leave him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on a white mule of his. When the Muslims and the idolaters met, the Muslims turned in retreat. The Messenger of Allah began to press his mule towards the unbelievers while I was holding the bridle of the mule of the Messenger of Allah restraining it, not wanting it to rush forward. Abu Sufyan was holding the stirrup of the Messenger of Allah. The Messenger of Allah said, 'O 'Abbas! Call the people of the Acacia Tree!'" Al-'Abbas, who was a man with a loud voice, said, "I shouted in my loudest voice, 'Where are the people of the Acacia Tree!' By Allah, it was as if it turned them round when they heard my voice as cows turn to their calves. They said, 'At your service! At your service!' So they fought the unbelievers. The call among the Ansar was that they said, 'O company of the Ansar! O company of the Ansar!' Then the call was shortened to the Banu'-Harith ibn al-Khazraj. The Messenger of Allah looked, while he was on his mule, as if he were craning his neck towards the battle. He said, 'This is when the oven is hot.' Then the Messenger of Allah took some pebbles and threw them in the faces of the unbelievers and then said, 'They are defeated, by the Lord of Muhammad!' I went to look and there was the battle going on and, by Allah, as soon as he threw the pebbles at them, I saw their force weakened and they retreated.'" [Muslim]

1851. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "O people! Allah is good and only accepts the good. Allah gives the same command to the believers that He gives the Messengers. Allah Almighty says, 'Messengers, eat of the good things and act rightly,' (23:52) and the Almighty said, 'O you who believe, eat of the good things that We have provided for you.' (W2:171; H2:172) Then he mentioned a man who goes on a long journey, is dishevelled and dusty and stretches his hands to heaven saying , 'O Lord! O Lord!' when his food is unlawful, his drink is unlawful, his clothes are unlawful, and his sustenance is unlawful. How could such a man be responded to?" [Muslim]

1852. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There are three people whom Allah will not speak to on the Day of Rising nor purify nor look at and they will have a painful punishment: an old adulterer, a lying ruler and a poor person who is arrogant." [Muslim]

1853. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Jaxartes, the Oxus, the Euphrates and the Nile are all among the rivers of the Garden." [Muslim]

1854. Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took my hand and said, 'Allah created the earth on Saturday and He created the mountains in it on Sunday and He created the trees on Monday and He created disliked things on Tuesday and He created light on Wednesday, and He spread about the animals in it on Thursday. He created Adam after 'Asr on Friday at the end of the creation at the last hour of the day between 'Asr and nightfall." [Muslim]

1855. Abu Sulayman Khalif ibn al-Walid said, "In the battle of Mu'ta seven swords broke in my hand and all that was left in my possession was a Yemeni broadsword." [al-Bukhari]

1856. 'Amr ibn al-'As said that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "When the judge makes a judgement and makes every effort to be correct and is correct, he has two rewards. If he judges, making every effort to be correct and is wrong, he has one reward." [Agreed upon]

1857. 'A'isha reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Fever is from bubbling up of Hellfire, so cool it down with water." [Agreed upon]

1858. 'A'isha reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone dies owing some fasting, his guardian should fast on his behalf." [Agreed upon]

What is preferred is the permission to fast on behalf of the person who has died while owing some fasting on the basis of this hadith. What is meant by the "guardian" (wali) is a relative, whether he is an err or not.

1859. 'Awf ibn Malik ibn at-Tufayl reported that 'A'isha related that 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr said about a certain sale or gift which 'A'isha had made, "By Allah, if 'A'isha does not stop I will declare her legally incompetent!" She said, "Did he really say that?" They said, "Yes." She said, "By Allah, I vow that I will never speak to Ibn az-Zubayr again!" When the disassociation had gone on for a long time, Ibn az-Zubayr had someone intercede on his behalf, but she said, "No, by Allah, I will not accept intercession on his behalf ever and I will not break my vow!" When that had gone on too long for Ibn az-Zubayr, he spoke to al-Miswar ibn Makhrama and 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn al-Aswad ibn 'Abd Yaghuth and said to them, "I ask you by Allah to take me to 'A'isha for it is not lawful for her to vow to cut me off." Al-Miswar and 'Abdu'r-Rahman went with him and the two of them asked permission to visit 'A'isha. They said, "Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah and His blessings! May we enter?" 'A'isha said, "Enter." They said, "All of us?" She said, "Yes, all of you enter," not knowing that Ibn az-Zubayr was with them. When they entered, Ibn az-Zubayr went behind the curtain and embraced 'A'isha and began to implore her and weep. Al-Miswar and 'Abdu'r-Rahman began to implore her to speak to him and accept his apology. They said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade disassociation as you very well know, and said that it is not lawful for a Muslim to disassociate himself from his brother for more than three days." When they kept on reminding and forbidding 'A'isha for a long time, she began to remind them and weep. She said, "I made a vow, and the vow is a serious thing." They kept at her until she spoke to Ibn az-Zubayr. To expiate that vow, she set free forty slaves. After that, whenever she remembered her oath, she would weep until her tears made her scarf wet. [al-Bukhari]

1860. 'Uqba ibn 'Amir reported that Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to those killed at Uhud, and prayed over them, eight years after the battle as if he was bidding farewell to the living and the dead. Then he stepped up onto the minbar and said, "I am going ahead of you and I am a witness over you. Your meeting-place with me is the Basin. I am looking at it from where I am. I do not fear for you that you will associate others with Allah. I fear this world for you and that you will vie with each other for it." He said, "It was the last time I looked at the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." [Agreeed upon]

In a variant, "But I fear this world for you and that you will vie with each other for it and will fight one another and be destroyed as those before you were destroyed." 'Uqba said, "It was the last time I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the minbar."

In a variant, "I am going ahead of you and I am a witness over you. By Allah, I am looking now at my Basin and I have been given the keys of the treasures of the earth - or the keys of the earth. By Allah, I do not fear that you will associate others with Allah after me, but I fear that you will vie with each other in respect of it."

What is meant by "praying over" those killed at Uhud is supplication for them, not the prayer itself.

1861. Abu Zayd 'Amr ibn Akhtab al-Ansari said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, led us in the Fajr prayer and then ascended the minbar. He addressed us until it was time for Dhuhr. He came down and prayed and then he ascended the minbar until it was time of 'Asr. Then he descended and prayed and then he ascended the minbar until the sun set. He informed us what was and what will be. The one among us who knows the most is the one with the best memory." [Muslim]

1862. 'A'isha reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone vows to obey Allah, he should obey Him. If anyone vows to disobey Allah, he should not disobey Him." [al-Bukhari]

1863. Umm Sharik reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded her to kill geckos, saying, "It blew on Ibrahim's fire." [Agreed upon]

1864. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who kills a gecko at the first blow, has such-and-such a good deed. Anyone who kills it at the second blow, has such-and-such a good deed, less than the first. Anyone who kills it at the third blow, has such-and-such a good deed."

In a variant, "Whoever kills a gecko at the first blow, a hundred good deeds are written for him. The second has less than that, and the third still less than that." [Muslim]

1865. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A man said, 'I must give some sadaqa,' and went out with his sadaqa, putting it in the hand of a thief. The next day people said he had given sadaqa to a thief. He said, 'O Allah, praise is Yours. I will again give sadaqa.' He went out with his sadaqa and this time put it in the hand of an adulteress. The next day people said that he had given sadaqa in the night to an adulteress. He said, 'O Allah, praise is Yours. I gave it to an adulteress. I will give more sadaqa.' He went out with his sadaqa and put it in the hand of a rich man. The next day people said he had given sadaqa to a rich man. He said, 'O Allah, praise is Yours. I have given sadaqa to a thief, an adulteress, and a rich man.' Then someone said to him, 'Your sadaqa to a thief might make him abstain from stealing. What you gave to the adulteress might make her abstain from her fornication. And what you gave to the rich man might make him reflect so that he will spend out from what Allah has given him.'" [al-Bukhari]

1866. Abu Hurayra said, "We were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, responding to an invitation. He picked up the leg, which he liked, and ate some of it. He said, 'I will be the master of people on the Day of Rising. Do you know what that will entail? Allah will gather the first and the last on the same plain so that an observer will be able to see them and a speaker make them hear. The sun will be brought near to them and people will experience such sorrow and distress that they will not be able to bear or endure it. They will say, 'Do you not see what a state you are in and what has come to you? Why do you not look for someone to intercede with your Lord on your behalf?' People will say to one another, 'Your father Adam!' They will come to him and say, 'O Adam! You are the father of mankind. Allah created you with His hand and breathed some of His spirit into you and He ordered the angels to prostrate to you. He made you dwell in the Garden. Will you not intercede with your Lord on our behalf? Do you not see what we are suffering and what has happened to us?' He will say, 'My Lord is angry today with such anger as has never existed before nor will again. He forbade me the Tree and I disobeyed. O my soul! My soul! My soul! Go to someone else. Go to Nuh.'

"They will go to Nuh and say, 'O Nuh! You are the first of the Messengers to be sent to the people of the earth and Allah called you a thankful slave. Do you not see what we are suffering and what has happened to us?' Will you not intercede with your Lord on our behalf?' He will say, 'My Lord is angry today with such anger as has never existed before nor will again. I made a supplication on behalf of my people. O my soul! My soul! My soul! Go to someone else! Go to Ibrahim.'

"They will go to Ibrahim and say, 'O Ibrahim! You are the Prophet of Allah and His close friend among the people of the earth. Intercede with your Lord on our behalf. Do you not see what we are suffering?' He will say to them, 'My Lord is angry today with such anger as has never existed before nor will again. I told three lies. O my soul! My soul! My soul! Go to someone else. Go to Musa.'

"They will go to Musa and say, 'O Musa, you are the Messenger of Allah. Allah preferred you with His message and His Word above all other people. Intercede with your Lord for us. Do you not see what we are suffering?' He will say, 'My Lord is angry today with such anger as has never existed before nor will again. I killed a soul which I was not commanded to kill. Go to someone else. Go to 'Isa.'

"They will go to 'Isa and say, 'O 'Isa! You are the Messenger of Allah and His Word which He cast to Maryam and a spirit from Him. You spoke to people while in the cradle. Intercede with your Lord on our behalf. Do you not see what we are suffering?' 'Isa will say, 'My Lord is angry today with such anger as has never existed before nor will again,' and he did not mention a sin. 'O my soul! My soul! My soul! Go to someone else. Go to Muhammad.'"

In one variant, "They will come to me and say, 'O Muhammad! You are the Messenger of Allah and the Seal of the Prophets. Allah has forgiven you your past and future wrong actions. Intercede with your Lord on our behalf. Do you not see what we are suffering?' I will go and arrive under the Throne and fall down in prostration to my Lord. Then Allah will inspire me with some words to praise and laud Him with which He will have inspired no one before me. Then it will be said, 'O Muhammad, raise your head. Ask and your request will be granted. Intercede and your intercession will be accepted. Lift your head!' I will lift my head and say, 'O my Lord, my community! O my Lord, my community!' It will be said, 'O Muhammad, bring in by the right-hand gate of the gates of the Garden those of your community who will not be subjected to any reckoning, and the rest of your community can share the other gates with other people.'" Then he said, "By the One in whose hand my soul is, the distance between the two gateposts of the gates of the Garden is as far as between Makka and Hajar or Makka and Busra." [Agreed upon]

1867. Ibn 'Abbas said, "Ibrahim brought the mother of Isma'il and her son, Isma'il, whom she was nursing and put her near the House by a tall tree above Zamzam in the upper part of the mosque. At that time no one lived in Makka and there was no water there. He put them there and left with her a bag with some dates in it and a waterskin with some water in it. Then Ibrahim returned the way he had come. Isma'il's mother followed him and said, 'O Ibrahim! Where are you going, leaving us in this valley in which there are no people or anything else?' She said that to him several times but he did not turn to her. She said to him, 'Has Allah commanded you to do this?' He said, 'Yes.' She said, 'Then He will not let us come to harm,' and went back. Ibrahim went on until he reached ath-Thaniyya where they could not see him. He turned to face the House and then made a supplication with these words..He raised his hands and said, 'Our Lord! I settled some of my offspring by Your Sacred House in an uncultivated valley Š.to .Š.so that hopefully they will be thankful.' (W14:39; H14:37) Isma'il's mother began to suckle him and drink from the water until the water in the skin had run out. She was thirsty and her son was thirsty. She looked at him twisting about" - or he said, "rolling on the ground" - "and then walked away, not wanting to look at him. Safa was the nearest hill to her and she climbed up it and then looked around the valley to see if there was anyone there. She could not see anyone and descended from Safa until she reached the valley. Then she lifted the edge of her skirt and ran as an overwrought person runs until she had crossed the valley. Then she came to Marwa and stood on it and looked to see whether there was anyone there. She could not see anyone. She did that seven times." Ibn 'Abbas said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "That is why people run between them." "Then, on Marwa, when she looked she heard a voice and said, 'Listen!' trying to hear. Then she listened and heard and said, 'I have heard if You possess any relief.' Suddenly there was an angel at the site of Zamzam. He struck the ground with his heel - or his wing - until water appeared. She made a container with her hands, like this, and began to scoop up the water into her waterskin and it bubbled up each time she scooped."

In one variant, "According to the amount she scooped up."

Ibn 'Abbas said, "May Allah have mercy on the mother of Isma'il. If she had left Zamzam" - or he said, "If she had not scooped up the water" - "Zamzam would have begun as a running stream." He said, "She drank and suckled her son and the angel said to her, 'Do not be afraid of perishing. This boy and his father will build a house here for Allah. Allah will not let its people perish. The house was higher than the land around it, like on a hill to which floods come and then go to the right and left of it. She remained like that until a group of the Jurhum, or people from a clan of Jurhum, coming by way of Kada' alighted at the bottom of Makka and saw birds circling round and said, 'These birds are circling around water. We are familiar with this valley and there is no water in it.' They sent one or two scouts and when they found the water, they returned and told them. They advanced and found Isma'il's mother at the water. They said, 'Will you give us permission to alight here with you?' She said, 'Yes, but you have no right to the water.' They said, 'Yes.'"

Ibn 'Abbas said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "This happened to Isma'il's mother because she desired human companionship. They alighted and sent for their families and settled there with them so that they became people with houses. The boy grew up and learned Arabic from them. As a youth, he was the dearest and most admired of them. When he came of age, he married a woman from among them. Isma'il's mother died and Ibrahim came after Isma'il had married to look for something he had left behind. He did not find Isma'il at home. He asked his wife about him and she said, 'He has gone out to look for food for us.' (One variant had, 'to hunt for us.') Then he asked about their life and circumstances. She said, 'We are in a very bad way. We are suffering constriction and hardship,' and she complained to him. He said, 'When your husband comes, greet him from me and tell him to change his door lintel.' When Isma'il came, it was as if he sensed something and he said, 'Did someone come?' She said, 'Yes, such-and-such an old man came and he asked about you and I told him. He asked me about our life and I told him that we were suffering difficulty and hardship.' He said, 'Did he give you any advice?' She said, 'Yes. He told me to give you greetings and to say: "Change the lintel of your door."' He said, 'That was my father and he has commanded that I separate from you. Go back to your family.' So he divorced her and married another woman. Ibrahim remained away from them as long as Allah wished and then he visited them again and did not find him at home. He visited his wife and asked about him and she said, 'He has gone out looking for food for us.' He said, 'How are you?' and he asked her about their life and circumstances. She said, 'We are well,' and she praised Allah Almighty. He said, 'What is your food?' She said, 'Meat.' He said, 'What is your drink?' She said, 'Water.' He said, 'O Allah, bless them in their meat and water.'" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "At that time they did not have grain. If they had had it, he would have prayed for them in respect of it as well." He said, "This is why no one except the people of Makka can manage with these two alone when they do not agree with other people.'"

In one variant, "He came and said, 'Where is Isma'il?' His wife said, 'He has gone hunting.' His wife said, 'Will you not alight and eat and drink?' He said, 'What is your food and what is your drink?' She said, 'Our food is meat and our drink is water.' He said, 'O Allah, bless them in their food and drink.'" He said that Abu'l-Qasim said, "The blessing of the supplication of Ibrahim."

"He said, 'When your husband comes, give him the greeting and tell him to strengthen the lintel of his door.' When Isma'il came, he said, 'Did someone come to you?' She said, 'Yes, an old man of handsome appearance came to us,' and she praised him. 'He asked me about you and I told him and he asked me how our life was and I told him that we were well.' He said, 'Did he give you any advice?' She said, 'Yes, he gave you the greeting and told you to strengthen the lintel of your door.' He said, 'That was my father. You are the lintel. He told me to keep you.' Then he remained away from them for as long as Allah wished. Then he came after that one day while Isma'il was sharpening his arrows under a large tree near Zamzam. When he saw him, he went to him and did as a father does with a son and a son with a father. He said, 'Isma'il, Allah has given me a command.' He said, 'Do what Allah has commanded you.' He said, 'Will you help me.'.He said, 'I will help you.' He said, 'Allah has commanded me to build a house here,' and he pointed at a mound which was higher than the surrounding land. In that place he laid the foundations of the House. Isma'il began to bring stones and Ibrahim laid them until the structure reached a certain height. Then he brought a stone and placed it for him and he stood on it, building, while Isma'il passed up the stones to him. They were saying, 'Our Lord, accept this from us! You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.'" (W2:126; H2:127)

In one variant, "Ibrahim went out with Isma'il and Isma'il's mother with a waterskin, containing some water. Isma'il's mother began to drink from the waterskin and suckled her child until he reached Makka where he placed her under a large tree. Then Ibrahim left to return to his family. Isma'il's mother followed him until they reached Kada', when she called out behind him, 'O Ibrahim! With whom are you leaving us?' He said, 'With Allah.' She said, 'I am satisfied with Allah,' and she went back and began to drink from the waterskin and nurse her child until the water was finished. She said, 'If I go and look perhaps I will find someone.'" He said, "She went and climbed Safa and looked and looked to see whether she could find someone, but she did not see anyone. When she reached the valley, she ran and came to Marwa. She did that several times. Then she said, 'I should go and see what is happening with the child.' She went and looked and there he was in the same condition as if he was gasping at the brink of death. She could not contain herself and said, 'If I go and look perhaps I will find someone.' She went and climbed Safa and looked and looked but did not see anyone, until she had done that seven times. Then she had just said, 'I should go and look and see what is happening with him,' when she heard a voice. She said, 'Help me, if You possess any good!' Then Jibril appeared and dug his heel into the earth and water began to spring up. Isma'il's mother was astonished and began to dig," and he recounted the hadith in full. [al-Bukhari]

1868. Sa'id ibn Zayd said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Truffles are part of manna and their juice is healing for the eyes." [Agreed upon]