On forbidding Muslims disassociating themselves from one another for more than three days

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

280. Chapter: On forbidding Muslims disassociating themselves from one another for more than three days except in the cause of an innovation or clear iniquity or the like

Allah Almighty says, "The believers are brothers, so make peace between your brothers" (49:10) and the Almighty says, "Do not help each other to wrongdoing and enmity." (5:2)

1591. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not cut one another off nor have enmity and hatred towards one another. Be slaves of Allah, brothers. It is not lawful for a Muslim to cut himself off from his brother for more than three days." [Agreed upon]

1592. Abu Ayyub reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is not lawful for a Muslim to cut himself off from his brother for more than three nights so that when they meet this one turns aside and that one turns aside. The best of them is the one who greets the other first." [Agreed upon]

1593. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Actions are presented every Monday and Thursday, and Allah then forgives every man who does not associate anything with Him except for a man who has rancour for his brother. He says, 'Wait until these two make it up!'" [Muslim]

1594. Jabir said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Shaytan has despaired of being worshipped in the Arabian peninsula by those who do the prayer, but he does sow discord between them." [Muslim]

1595. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is not lawful for a Muslim to separate from his brother for more than three days. Anyone who separates himself for more than three days and then dies will enter the Fire." [Abu Dawud]

1596. Abu Khirash Hadrad ibn Abi Hadrad al-Aslami, also called as-Sulami, the Companion, heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Anyone who separates himself from his brother for a year, it is as if he had shed his blood." [Abu Dawud]

1597. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is not lawful for a believer to separate from a believer for more than three days. If it goes beyond three and he meets him, he should greet him. If he returns the greeting, they share in the reward. If he does not return it, he returns with the sin. A Muslim is someone who rejects separation." [Abu Dawud]

Abu Dawud said, "When the separation is for the sake of Allah, none of this applies."