On forbidding treachery

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

277. Chapter: On forbidding treachery

Allah Almighty says, "O you who believe! Fulfil your contracts," (5:1)

and the Almighty says, "Fulfil your contracts. Contracts will be asked about." (17:34)

1584. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone has four characteristics, he is a pure hypocrite, and if anyone has one of them, he has an aspect of hypocrisy until he gives it up: whenever he is trusted, he betrays his trust; whenever he speaks, he lies; when he makes an agreement, he breaks it; and when he quarrels, he deviates from the truth, speaking falsely." [Agreed upon]

1585. Ibn Mas'ud, Ibn 'Umar and Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Every traitor will have a banner on the Day of Rising. It will announce, 'This is the treachery of so-and-so.'" [Agreed upon]

1586. Abu Mas'ud al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Every traitor will have a banner behind him on the Day of Rising which will be raised over him according to the extent of his treachery. There is no traitor whose treachery is greater than a people's ruler." [Muslim]

1587. Abu Hurayra reported the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said, "Allah Almighty said, 'I will be the antagonist of three people on the Day of Rising: a man who makes a covenant in My name and then betrays it, a man who sells a free man and then consumes the money he gets for him, and a man who hires an employee and gets full work from him and then does not pay him his wages.'" [al-Bukhari]