On the excellence of dhikr and encouraging it

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

244. Chapter: On the excellence of dhikr and encouraging it

Allah says, "And remembrance of Allah is greater still" (29:45)

and the Almighty says, "Remember Me – I will remember you. Give thanks to Me and do not be ungrateful," (W2:151; H2:152)

and the Almighty says, "Remember your Lord in yourself humbly and fearfully, without loudness of voice, morning and evening. Do not be among the heedless." (7:205)

The Almighty says, "Remember Allah much so that hopefully you will be successful," (62:10)

and He says, "Muslim men and women - (to) men and women who remember Allah much: Allah has prepared forgiveness for them and an immense reward." (33:35)

Allah says, "O you who believe! Remember Allah, much, and glorify Him in the morning and the evening." (33:41-42)

1408. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Two words are light on the tongue, heavy in the balance, beloved to the Merciful: 'Glory be to Allah and by His praise. Glory be to Allah, the Immense.'" [Agreed upon]

1409. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I prefer saying, 'Glory be to Allah and praise belongs to Allah. There is no god but Allah. Allah is greater' to everything the sun rises on." [Muslim]

1410. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who says, 'There is no god but Allah alone with no partner. His is the kingdom and His is the praise, and He has power over everything' a hundred times a day, has the same reward as if he had freed ten slaves, and a hundred good deeds are written for him and a hundred bad deeds are effaced from him and he has protection from Shaytan on that day until evening. No one will do anything better than he does except a man who does it more than he did." He said, "Anyone who says, 'Glory be to Allah and by His praise' a hundred times a day will have his sins fall away, even if they are like the froth of the sea." [Agreed upon]

1411. Abu Ayyub al-Ansari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who says, 'There is no god but Allah alone with no partner. His is the kingdom and His is the praise. He has power over everything' ten times, it is as if he had set free four slaves of the descendants of Isma'il. [Agreed upon]

1412. Abu Dharr said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Shall I not tell you the words most beloved to Allah? The words most beloved to Allah are 'Glory be to Allah and by His praise.'" [Muslim]

1413. Abu Malik al-Ash'ari said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Purity is half of belief and "Praise be to Allah" fills up the balance. "Glory be to Allah and praise belongs to Allah" fills up the space between the heavens and the earth.'" [Muslim]

1414. Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas said, "A desert Arab came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Teach me some words which I can say.' He said, 'Say: "There is no god but Allah alone without partner. Allah is indeed most great, and praise be to Allah abundantly. Glory be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. There is no power nor strength except by Allah, the Mighty, the Wise.'"' He said, 'Those are for my Lord. What about me?' He said, "Say: O Allah, forgive me and show mercy to Me and guide me and provide for me.'" [Muslim]

1415. Thawban said, "When the Messenger of Allah , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to finish his prayer, he asked forgiveness three times and said, 'O Allah, You are Peace and peace is from You. You are blessed, O Possessor of majesty and nobility.'" Al-Awza'i, one of the transmitters of the hadith, was asked, "How was the asking forgiveness?" He said, "You say, 'I ask Allah's forgiveness. I ask Allah's forgiveness.'" [Muslim]

1416. Al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba reported that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished the prayer and said the salam, he would say, "There is no god but Allah alone with no partner. The kingdom and praise belong to Him and He has power over everything. O Allah, none can withhold what You give nor give what You withhold and the fortune of anyone who has one is of no avail against You.'" [Agreed upon]

1417. 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr reported that he used to say after every prayer when he said the salam, "There is no god but Allah alone with no partner. The kingdom and praise belong to Him and He has power over everything. There is no power nor strength except by Allah. There is no god but Allah. We worship Him alone. He has blessing and He has excellence and he has excellent praise. There is no god but Allah, making the deen sincerely His, even if the unbelievers dislike it." Ibn az-Zubayr said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say 'There is no god but Allah' with them after every obligatory prayer." [Muslim]

1418. Abu Hurayra reported that the poor of the Muhajirun came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "The wealthy have appropriated the high degrees and abiding bliss." He said, "How is that?" He said, "They pray as we pray and they fast as we fast, but they give sadaqa and we do not give sadaqa and they set free slaves and we do not set free slaves." The Messenger of Allah said, "Shall I inform you of something by which you will overtake those who have preceded you and precede those who come after you and no one will be better than you unless he does the same as you do?" They said, "By all means, Messenger of Allah." He said, "You should say 'Glory be to Allah,' 'Praise be to Allah,' and 'Allah is greater' thirty-three times after every prayer." The poor Muhajirun then returned to the Messenger of Allah and said, "Our brothers who possess property heard about what we were doing and they have done the same." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "That is a favour which Allah gives to anyone He wills." [Agreed upon]

1419. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who says after every prayer, 'Glory be to Allah' thirty-three times, 'Praise belongs to Allah' thirty-three times and 'Allah is greater' thirty-three times and says to complete the hundred, 'There is no god but Allah alone with no partner. He has the kingdom and He has the praise and He has power over everything,' will be forgiven his sins, even if they are like the foam of the sea." [Muslim]

1420. Ka'b ibn 'Ujra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Those who say – or do – the following glorification after every obligatory prayer will not be disappointed – thirty-three times 'Glory be to Allah', thirty-three times 'Praise belongs to Allah,' and thirty-three times 'Allah is greater.'" [Muslim]

1421. Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas is that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to seek refuge after the prayers with these words: 'O Allah, I seek refuge with You from cowardice and miserliness, and I seek refuge with You from being returned to the weakest state of life [i.e. senility]. I seek refuge with You from the temptation of this world and I seek refuge with You from the trial of the grave.'" [al-Bukhari]

1422. Mu'adh reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took him by the hand and said, "Mu'adh, by Allah, I love you." He said, "Mu'adh, I advise you not to fail to say after every prayer, 'O Allah, help me to remember You and thank You and worship You well.'" [Abu Dawud]

1423. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When one of you says the tashahhud , he should seek refuge with Allah from four things. He should say, 'O Allah. I seek refuge with You from the punishment of Hellfire, from the punishment of the grave, from the trials of life and death and from the evil of the trial of the Dajjal." [Muslim]

1424. 'Ali said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did the prayer, the last thing he said between the tashahhud and the salam was, 'O Allah, forgive me my past and future wrong actions, what I conceal and what I make public and what I have been extravagant in. You are the One who advances and the One who defers. There is no god but You.'" [Muslim]

1425. 'A'isha said, "In his ruku' and sajda the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say often, 'Glory be to You, O Allah, our Lord, and with Your praise. O Allah, forgive me!'" [Agreed upon]

1426. 'A'isha stated that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say in his bowing and prostration, "Glorious, Holy, Lord of the angels and the Spirit." [Muslim]

1427. Ibn 'Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "As for ruku', exalt the Lord, the Mighty and Exalted, in it, and as for prostration, exert yourself in supplication, and it is proper that you be answered in it." [Muslim]

1428. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The closest that a slave of Allah comes to his Lord is while he is prostrating, so make a lot of supplication then." [Muslim]

1429. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say in his prostration, "O Allah, forgive me all my sins, great and small, first and last, open and secret." [Muslim]

1430. 'A'isha said, "One night I missed the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and felt for him. He was bowing - or prostrating - and said, 'Glory be to You and by Your praise. There is no god but You.'

In one variant, "I put my hand on the inside of his feet and he was in the mosque. They were upright and he was saying, 'O Allah, I seek refuge in Your pleasure from Your anger, and Your pardon from Your punishment. I seek refuge in You from You. I cannot reckon Your praise. You are as You praised Yourself.'"" [Muslim]

1431. Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas said, "We were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Are any of you able to earn a thousand good deeds every day?' One of those who was sitting there asked him, 'How can someone earn a thousand good deeds?' He said, 'Glorifying a hundred times is written as a thousand good deeds or a thousand errors fall away from him.'"" [Muslim]

1432. Abu Dharr reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ""Sadaqa is owed by every joint you have. Every glorification is sadaqa. Every praise is sadaqa. Every 'la ilaha illa'llah' is sadaqa. Every takbir is sadaqa. Commanding the right is sadaqa. Forbidding the wrong is sadaqa. Praying two rak'ats in the forenoon (Duha) covers all these."" [Muslim]

1433. Umm al-Mu'minin Juwayriyya bint al-Harith reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, left her one morning to pray Subh while she was in her place of prayer. Then he returned after the sun was well risen and she was still sitting there. He said, "You are still in the state you were when I left you?" She said, "Yes." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I recited four words three times. If they were to be weighed against everything you have recited today they would outweigh it: 'Glory be to Allah and by His praise in number as great as His creation and His own pleasure, the weight of His Throne and the ink of His words.'"" [Muslim]

In one of the variants of Muslim, "Glory be to Allah in number as great as His creation. Glory be to Allah according to His own pleasure. Glory be to Allah by the weight of His Throne. Glory be to Allah according to the ink of His words."

In the variant of at-Tirmidhi, "Shall I teach you some words you can say? 'Glory be to Allah in number as great as His creation. Glory be to Allah in number as great as His creation. Glory be to Allah in number as great as His creation. Glory be to Allah according to His own pleasure. Glory be to Allah according to His own pleasure. Glory be to Allah according to His own pleasure. Glory be to Allah by the weight of His Throne. Glory be to Allah by the weight of His Throne. Glory be to Allah by the weight of His Throne. Glory be to Allah according to the ink of His words. Glory be to Allah according to the ink of His words. Glory be to Allah according to the ink of His words.'"

1434. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The metaphor of someone who remembers his Lord and someone who does not remember Him is that of the living and the dead." [al-Bukhari]

Muslim related it and said, "The metaphor of a house in which Allah is mentioned and a house in which Allah is not mentioned is that of the living and the dead."

1435. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah Almighty says, 'I am in My slave's opinion of Me and I am with Him when He remembers Me. When he remembers Me in himself, I mention him in Myself. If he mentions Me in an assembly, I mention him in a better assembly than them.'" [Agreed upon]

1436. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The 'mufarridun' have outstripped." They said, "Who are the 'mufarridun', Messenger of Allah?" He said, "The men and women who remember Allah often."[Muslim]

1437. Jabir said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'The best dhikr is 'There is no god but Allah.'" [at-Tirmidhi]

1438. 'Abdullah ibn Busr reported that a man said, "Messenger of Allah, the laws of Islam are too much for me. Tell me something I can cling to." He said, "Your tongue should remain moist with the remembrance of Allah." [at-Tirmidhi]

1439. Jabir stated that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who says, 'Glory be to Allah and by His praise,' has a palm-tree planted for him in the Garden." [at-Tirmidhi]

1440. Ibn Mas'ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I met Ibrahim on my Night Journey. He said, 'O Muhammad, convey the greeting from me to your community and tell them that the Garden has good soil and sweet water. It is vast and its plants say, "Glory be to Allah. Praise be to Allah. There is no god but Allah. Allah is greater." [at-Tirmidhi]

1441. Abu'd-Darda' reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Shall I inform you of the best of your actions and the purest of your property and the highest of your degrees and what is better for you than spending gold and silver and better for you than encountering the enemy and striking their necks and their striking your necks?" They said, "Yes, indeed!" He said, "Remembrance of Allah Almighty." [at-Tirmidhi]

1442. Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas reported that, together with the Messenger of Allah, he visited a woman and in front of her were some date-stones - or pebbles - which she was using to glorify Allah. He said, 'Shall I inform you what is easier for you than this - or better?' He said, 'Glory be to Allah by the number of things He has created in the heaven and glory be to Allah by the number of things He has created in the earth and glory be to Allah by the number of things in between them and glory be to Allah by the number of things He has created. Then say, "Allah is greater" in the same way and "Praise be to Allah" in the same way, and "There is no god but Allah" in the same way and "There is no power nor strength except by Allah" in the same way.'" [at-Tirmidhi]

1443. Abu Musa said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Shall I direct you to one of the treasures of the Garden? I said, 'Yes, Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'There is no power nor strength except by Allah.'" [Agreed upon]