The excellence of Jihad

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

234. The excellence of Jihad

Allah Almighty says, "But fight the idolaters totally just as they fight you totally, and know that Allah is with the godfearing," (9:36)

and the Almighty says, "Fighting is prescribed for you even if it is hateful to you. It may be that you hate a thing when it is good for you and it may be that you love a thing when it is bad for you. Allah knows and you do not know." (W2:214; H2:216)

The Almighty says, "Go out to fight, whatever your circumstances or desires, and do jihad with your wealth and yourselves in the way of Allah," (9:41)

and the Almighty says, "Allah has bought from the believers their selves and their wealth in return for them having the Garden. They fight in the way of Allah, and they kill and are killed. It is a promise binding on Him in the Torah, the Injil and the Qur'an and who is truer to his contract than Allah? Rejoice then in the bargain you have made. That is the great victory." (9:111)

The Almighty says, "Those believers who stay behind – other than those forced by necessity – are not the same as those who do jihad in the way of Allah, sacrificing their wealth and themselves. Allah has given those who do jihad with their wealth and themselves a higher rank than those who stay behind. Allah has promised the Best to both, but Allah has preferred those who do jihad over those who stay behind by an immense reward: high ranks conferred by Him as well as forgiveness and mercy. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (4:95-96)

The Almighty says, "O you who believe! Shall I direct you to a transaction which will save you from a painful punishment? That you believe in Allah and His Messenger and do jihad in the Way of Allah with your wealth and yourselves. That is better for you if you only knew. He will forgive you your wrong actions and admit you into Gardens with rivers flowing under them, and fine dwellings in the Gardens of Eden. That is the Great Victory. And other things you love: support from Allah and imminent victory. Give good news to the believers!" (61:10-13)

1285. Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, "What action is the best?" He replied, "Belief in Allah and His Messenger." He was asked, "Then what?" and replied, "Jihad in the way of Allah." He was asked, "And then what?" He replied, "An accepted hajj." [Agreed upon]

1286. Ibn Mas'ud said, "I said, 'Messenger of Allah, what action is most loved by Allah Almighty?' He said, 'The prayer at its proper time.' I asked, 'Then what?' He said, 'Then devotion to parents.' He said, Then what?' He said, 'Jihad in the way of Allah.'" [Agreed upon]

1287. Abu Dharr said, "I said, 'Messenger of Allah, what action is best?' He said, 'Belief in Allah and jihad in His way.'" [Agreed upon]

1288. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A morning spent in the way of Allah or an evening is better than this world and everything it contains." [Agreed upon]

1289. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "A man said, 'Messenger of Allah, who is the best of people?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'A believer who does jihad in the way of Allah with his self and his wealth.' They said, 'Then who?' He said, 'A man who withdraws into a mountain ravine and worships his Allah and spares people from his evil.'" [Agreed upon]

1290. Sahl ibn Sa'd reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Manning the frontier (ribat) for one day in the way of Allah is better than this world and everything in it. The place in the Garden of one of your whips is better than this world and everything in it. Any evening or a morning when a slave goes out in the way of Allah Almighty is better than this world and everything in it." [Agreed upon]

1291. Salman said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Fighting on the front line (ribat) for a day and a night is better than fasting and praying at night for a month. If a man dies doing it, the actions which he used normally to do go on accruing for him and his provision is bestowed on him and he will be safe from the trials of the grave." [Muslim]

1292. Fadala ibn 'Ubayd reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The actions of every dead person are sealed except for the murabit in the way of Allah. His actions will go on increasing until the Day of Rising. and he will be safe from the trials of the grave." [Abu Dawud]

1293. 'Uthman said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Fighting on the front line (ribat) in the way of Allah is better than a thousand years doing anything else." [at-Tirmidhi]

1294. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah gives a guarantee to the one who goes out in the way of Allah: 'I will repay anyone who goes out for no other reason than jihad in My way and belief in Me and affirmation of My Messengers either by admitting him into the Garden or returning him to his home from which he left with the reward he has obtained or booty.' By the One in whose hand the soul of Muhammad is, on the Day of Rising every wound which a Muslim receives in the way of Allah will be as it was when it was inflicted. Its colour will be that of blood, but its scent will be that of musk. By the One in whose hand the soul of Muhammad is, if it were not that it would be a source of difficulty for the Muslims, I would never stay behind from any expedition in the way of Allah. But I have not got the means to provide the people with mounts and they do not have the means either and it would be hard for them to stay behind if I went. By the One in whose hand the soul of Muhammad is, I would love to raid in the way of Allah and be killed, and then raid and be killed again, and then raid and be killed again." [Muslim]

1295. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Every one who is wounded will come of the Day of Rising with his wound bleeding. It will be the colour of blood but have the scent of musk." [Agreed upon]

1296. Mu'adh reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If any Muslim man fights in the way of Allah even for a short time, the Garden becomes mandatory for him. If anyone suffers a wound or some disaster in the way of Allah, it will appear on the Day of Rising pouring blood as it did when it first happened: its colour will be saffron and its scent like musk." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1297. Abu Hurayra said, "One of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah passed by a ravine which had a small spring of sweet water in it and he admired it. He said, 'If only I could withdraw from people and stay in this ravine! But I will not do it until I have asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission.' He mentioned it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Do not do it. The station of one of you in the way of Allah is better than his prayer in his house for seventy years. Would you not like Allah to forgive you and admit you into the Garden? Raid in the way of Allah. If anyone fights in the way of Allah for even a short time, the Garden becomes mandatory for him.'" [at-Tirmidhi]

1298. Abu Hurayra said, "It was said, 'Messenger of Allah, what is equal to jihad in the way of Allah?' He said, 'You will not be able to do it.' They repeated it to him twice or three times, and each time he said, "You will not be able to do it.' Then he said, 'Someone who does jihad in the way of Allah is like someone who fasts and prays at night in obedience to the verses of Allah without slackening in his prayer or his fast until the one doing jihad in the way of Allah returns.'" [Agreed upon]

In the variant of al-Bukhari, "A man said, 'Messenger of Allah, direct me to an action which is equal to jihad.' He said, 'I do not know of one.' Then he said, 'Are you capable, when the person doing jihad sets out, of entering your mosque and then praying without slackening off and fasting without breaking the fast?' He said, 'Who could possibly do that!'"

1299. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "One of the best of livelihoods that people can have is that of a man who holds the reins of his horse in the way of Allah, hastening on its back, and whenever he hears the sound of war or alarm, he flies to it looking for either the killing or the death that he will find there, or that of a man among some sheep at the top of one of these mountains or in the bottom of one of these valleys who establishes the prayer and pays the zakat and worships Allah until certainty (death) comes to him. He does not involve himself with people except in a good way." [Muslim]

1300. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "In the Garden there are a hundred degrees which Allah has prepared for those who do jihad in the way of Allah. Between each two degrees is the space between heaven and earth." [al-Bukhari]

1301. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said. "The Garden is mandatory for anyone who is pleased with Allah as Lord, Islam as deen and Muhammad as Messenger." Abu Sa'id was amazed at it and said, "Repeat that to me, Messenger of Allah." and he repeated it to him and then said, "There is something else by which Allah raises the slave a hundred degrees in the Garden, the distance between each of which is as great as the space between heaven and earth." He said, "What is it, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Jihad in the way of Allah. Jihad in the way of Allah." [Muslim]

1302. Abu Bakr ibn Abi Musa al-Ash'ari said, "I heard my father say when he was in the presence of the enemy, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The gates of the Garden are under the shadow of the swords."' A man of ragged appearance stood up and said, 'Abu Musa, did you really hear the Messenger of Allah say this?' He said, 'Yes.' He returned to his companions and said, 'I give the greeting to you.' Then he broke his sword's scabbard, threw it away and walked with his sword towards the enemy, striking with it until he was killed." [Muslim]

1303. Abu 'Abs 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Jabr stated that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Fire will not touch anyone whose feet become dusty in the way of Allah " [al-Bukhari]

1304. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No man who weeps out of fear of Allah will enter the Fire until the milk returns to the breast. Dust raised in the way of Allah and the smoke of Hellfire will never be joined together in respect of any slave of Allah." [at-Tirmidhi]

1305. Ibn 'Abbas said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'There are two eyes which the Fire will not touch: an eye which weeps out of fear of Allah and an eye that keeps watch in the way of Allah." [at-Tirmidhi]

1306. Zayd ibn Khalid reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who equips someone for an expedition in the way of Allah has gone on the expedition. Anyone who looks after someone's family has gone on the expedition." [Agreed upon]

1307. Abu Umama reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The best sadaqa is the shade of a tent in the way of Allah, the gift of a servant in the way of Allah or giving a male camel in the way of Allah." [at-Tirmidhi]

1308. Anas reported that a lad from Aslam said, "Messenger of Allah, I want to go on an expedition, but I do not have the wherewithal with which to prepare myself. He said, 'Go to so-and-so. He has made preparations but has fallen ill.' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, greets you and says to give me what you have prepared.' He said, 'Girl, give him what I have prepared and do not hold anything back. By Allah, you should not hold back any of it and it will be a blessing for you.'" [Muslim]

1309. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent an expedition to the Banu Lihyan of Hudhayl. He said, "Let every two men send one more man, and the reward will be for both of them." [Muslim]

In one variant, "One man out of every two men should go out." Then he said to the one sitting, "Whichever of you looks after the family and property of the one who goes out will have half the reward of the one who goes out."

1310. Al-Bara' said, "A man bristling with armour came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, shall I fight or become Muslim?' He said, 'Become Muslim and then fight.' He became Muslim and then fought and was killed.' The Messenger of Allah said, 'His action was little but his reward is great.'" [Agreed upon]

1311. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No one will enter the Garden and then want to return to this world, even if he had everything that is on the earth, except for a martyr who wants to return to this world and be killed ten times more because of the honour he experiences."

In one variant, "Because of the excellence of martyrdom he experiences." [Agreed upon]

1312. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah forgives the martyr every wrong action except debt." (In one variant, "Being killed in the way of Allah expiates everything except debt.") [Muslim]

1313. Abu Qatada reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up among them and mentioned that jihad in the way of Allah and belief in Allah were the best actions. A man stood up and said, "Messenger of Allah, tell me, if I am killed in the way of Allah, will that expiate my sins for me?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, "Yes, if you are killed in the way of Allah and you are steadfast, expecting Allah's reward, advancing and not retreating." Then the Messenger of Allah said, "What did you say?" He said, "Tell me, if I am killed in the way of Allah, will that expiate my sins for me?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Yes, if you are killed in the way of Allah and you are steadfast, expecting Allah's reward, advancing and not retreating - except if you have debts. Jibril, peace be upon him, said that to me." [Muslim]

1314. Jabir reported that a man said, "Where will I be, Messenger of Allah, if I am killed?" He said, "In the Garden." He threw away some dates that were in his hand and then fought until he was killed." [Muslim]

1315. Anas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions advanced so that they reached Badr before the idolaters. Then the idolaters arrived. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'None of you should advance to anything unless I go first.' The idolaters drew near and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Rise up for a Garden whose breadth is that of the heavens and the earth.' 'Umayr ibn al-Humam al-Ansari said, 'Messenger of Allah, a Garden whose breadth is that of the heavens and the earth?' He said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Excellent! excellent!' The Messenger of Allah said, 'What moved you to say, 'Excellent! excellent!'" He said, "By Allah, Messenger of Allah, nothing but the hope that I will be among its people!' He said, 'You are among its people.' He took some dates from his quiver and began to eat some of them. Then he said, "If I live long enough to eat these dates, it will indeed be a long life!" He threw away the dates he had and then fought until he was killed." [Muslim]

1316. Anas said, "Some people came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saying, 'Send us some men to teach us the Qur'an and the Sunna.' He sent them seventy men of the Ansar who were called "the reciters". They included my uncle Hiram. During the night they used to recite the Qur'an and study and learn. During the day they would fetch water and put it in the mosque and fetch firewood and sell it and use the proceeds to buy food for the people of the Suffa and the poor. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent them and they were attacked and killed before they had reached the place. They said, 'O Allah, convey from us to our Prophet that we have met You and we are pleased with You and You are pleased with us.' A man came to Hiram, Anas's uncle, from behind and stabbed him with a spear so that it went right through him. Hiram said, 'I have won, by the Lord of the Ka'ba!' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Your brothers have been killed and they said, "O Allah, convey from us to our Prophet that we have met You and we are pleased with You and You are pleased with us."'" [Agreed upon]

1317. Anas said, "My uncle, Anas ibn an-Nadr, missed the fighting at Badr and said, 'Messenger of Allah, I missed the first battle in which you fought the idolaters. If Allah gives me the opportunity to fight the idolaters, Allah will see what I shall do!' On the Day of Uhud, the Muslims were routed and he said, 'O Allah, I apologise to You for what these people have done (i.e. his companions) and I declare myself innocent to You of what those people have done, (i.e. the idolaters).' Then he went forward and Sa'd ibn Mu'adh met him. He said, 'O Sa'd ibn Mu'adh! The Garden, by the Lord of the Ka'ba! I smell its fragrance from below Uhud!' Sa'd said, 'Messenger of Allah, I could not do what he did.'" Anas said, "We found him with about eighty wounds, sword thrusts or spear stabs or arrows. We found that he had been killed and the idolaters had mutilated him. No one could recognise him except for his sister by his fingertips.' Anas said, "We used to think or suppose that this ayat was sent down about him and his like, 'Among the believers there are men who have been true to the contract they made with Allah.' (33:23)" [Agreed upon]

1318. It is related from Samura that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "In the night I dreamt that two men came to me and took me up the tree and had me enter the most beautiful and excellent house and I have never seen a better house than it. They said, 'This house is the house of the martyrs.'" [al-Bukhari]

1319. Anas reported that Umm ar-Rubayyi' bint al-Bara', the mother of al-Haritha ibn Suraqa, came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "O Messenger of Allah, will you not tell me about Haritha?" He had been killed at the Battle of Badr. "If he is in the Garden, I will be patient. If the case is other than that, I will weep my eyes out for him." He said, "Umm Haritha, there are many gardens within the Garden, and your son has obtained the Highest Paradise." [al-Bukhari]

1320. Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "My father was brought to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he had been mutilated. He was placed before him and I went to uncover his face and some people prevented me.' The Prophet said, 'The angels are still covering him with their wings." [Agreed upon]

1321. Sahl ibn Hunayf reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone asks Allah Almighty for martyrdom with sincerity, Allah will make him reach the degree of the martyrs, even if he dies in bed." [Muslim]

1322. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who sincerely seeks martyrdom will be given the reward of it, even if he is not wounded." [Muslim]

1323. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Martyrs only experience the blow which kills them as one of you might experience the prick of a sting." [at-Tirmidhi]

1324. 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa reported that during one of the battles in which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, met the enemy, he waited until the sun declined and then stood up to address the people and said, "O people! Do not be too eager to meet the enemy and ask Allah for well-being. When you do meet them, be steadfast. Know that the Garden lies under the shadow of the swords." Then he said, "O Allah, Sender-down of the Book and Mover of the clouds and Vanquisher of the Companies, defeat them and help us against them!" [Agreed upon]

1325. Sahl ibn Sa'd stated that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Two things will not be rejected - or rarely rejected - the supplication at the time of the call to prayer and in battle when people are pressing against one another." [Abu Dawud]

1326. Anas said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went on a raid, he would say, 'O Allah, You are my Support and my Helper. I move by You and I attack by You, and I fight by You." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1327. Abu Musa reported that when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, feared a people, he said, "O Allah, we set You against them and we seek refuge with You from their evils." [Abu Dawud]

1328. Ibn 'Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Good will remain tied to the forelocks of horses until the Day of Rising." [Agreed upon]

1329. 'Urwa al-Bariqi stated that the Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Good will remain tied to the forelocks of horses until the Day of Rising: the reward and booty." [Agreed upon]

1330. Abu Hurayra reported said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone keeps a horse in the way of Allah out of belief in Allah and in confirmation of His promise, its food, water, droppings and urine will be placed in his balance on the Day of Rising." [al-Bukhari]

1331. Abu Mas'ud said, "A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with a haltered camel and said, 'This is for the way of Allah.' The Messenger of Allah said, 'You will have seven hundred camels on the Day of Rising, all haltered.'" [Muslim]

1332. Abu Hammad, and he is called Abu Su'ad or Abu Asad or Abu 'Amir or Abu 'Amr or Abu'l-Aswad or Abu 'Abs 'Uqba ibn 'Amir al-Juhani said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say while he was on the minbar, 'In (the ayat) "Prepare against them all the force you can," "force" means archery, "force" means archery, "force" means archery.'" [Muslim]

1333. 'Uqba ibn 'Amir al-Juhani said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Many lands will be opened up to you and Allah will be enough for you, so none of you should fail to look after his arrows." [Muslim]

1334. 'Uqba ibn 'Amir al-Juhani reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who is taught shooting and then abandons it is not one of us - or he has rebelled." [Muslim]

1335. 'Uqba ibn 'Amir al-Juhani said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Allah will admit three men into the Garden on account of one arrow: the one who made it, making sure it was made well, the one who shot it and the one who handed it over. So shoot and ride. I prefer your shooting to your riding. Anyone who abandons shooting after having been taught it, out of aversion to it, has abandoned a blessing. (or he said, 'been ungrateful for.')" [Abu Dawud]

1336. Salama ibn al-Akwa' said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by a group who were shooting against one another and said, 'Shoot, Banu Isma'il! Your ancestor was an archer.'" [al-Bukhari]

1337. 'Amr ibn 'Abasa said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'If anyone shoots an arrow in the way of Allah, it is equivalent to freeing a slave.'" [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1338. Abu Yahya Khuraym ibn Fatik reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone spends anything in the way of Allah, it is written for him as seven hundred." [at-Tirmidhi]

1339. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No slave fasts one day in the way of Allah without Allah putting his face seventy years' journey away from the Fire on account of that day." [Agreed upon]

1340. Abu Umama reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone fasts a day in the way of Allah, Allah will put a ditch between him and the Fire whose width is the same as the space between heaven and earth." [at-Tirmidhi]

1341. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who dies without going on an expedition and without having thought of himself as going on an expedition has died with a characteristic of hypocrisy." [Muslim]

1342. Jabir said, "We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on an expedition and he said, 'In Madina there are men who have been with you whatever distance you have travelled and whatever valley you crossed. Only illness prevented them from coming."

One variant, "A valid excuse prevented them from coming."

One variant has, "Without their sharing with you in the reward." [al-Bukhari]

1343. Abu Musa reported that a bedouin came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "Messenger of Allah, one man fights for booty, one man fights to be remembered and one man fights to be shown his place."

In one variant, "He fights for bravery and fights out of rage."

In one variant, "One fights in anger. Which one is in the way of Allah? The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The one who fights so that the word of Allah be uppermost is in the way of Allah.'" [Agreed upon]

1344. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'There is no expedition, or raid, on which a man goes and in which he takes booty and is safe without sending ahead two-thirds of his reward. But on the raid or expedition during which he does not take booty and is wounded, he will have his full reward." [Muslim]

1345. Abu Umama reported that a man said, "Messenger of Allah, give me permission to travel." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Travel of my community is jihad in the way of Allah, the Mighty and Exalted."

1346. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Returning is the same as setting out on the expedition." [Abu Dawud]

1347. As-Sa'ib ibn Yazid said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned from the expedition of Tabuk, the people met him and I met him with the children at Thaniyyatu'l-Wada'." [Abu Dawud]

In al-Bukhari, he said, "We went with the children to Thaniyyatu'l-Wada' to meet the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

1348. Abu Umama reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If someone does not raid nor equip a raider nor look after the family of someone on an expedition, Allah will inflict a calamity on him before the Day of Rising." [Abu Dawud]

1349. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Fight against the idolaters with your wealth, selves and tongues." [Abu Dawud]

1350. Abu 'Amr, and it is said Abu Hakim, an-Nu'man ibn Muqarrin said, "I was present with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he did not fight at the beginning of the day, but delayed fighting until the sun declined and the winds blew and help descended." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1351. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not desire to meet the enemy. Ask Allah for well-being. When you meet them, be steadfast." [Agreed upon]

1352. Abu Hurayra and Jabir reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "War is deception." [Agreed upon]