On the adab of Travelling, Stopping, Spending the Night and Sleeping on the Journey

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

168. Chapter: On the adab of Travelling, Stopping, Spending the Night and Sleeping on the Journey. The recommendation to travel by night and to be kind to animals and see to their best interests

962. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When you travel at a time of fertility, then give the camel its share of the earth. When you travel at an arid time, then travel quickly on it and hurry before its hump disappears. When you camp at night, avoid the roadway. Roads are the paths of animals and the refuge of reptiles at night." [Muslim]

963. Abu Qatada said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on a journey, he would stop during the night, lying down on his right side. When he stopped during the night and it was close to the time of Subh, he would set his arm upright and put his head on his palm." [Muslim]

Scholars say that he put up his arm so that he would not sleep deeply and miss the Subh prayer at its time, or the beginning of its time.

964. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "You should travel during the night. The earth is rolled up at night." [Abu Dawud]

965. Abu Tha'laba al-Khushani said, "When people alighted in a place, they would go off separately, going off into the ravines and valleys. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Your going off separately into these ravines and valleys comes from Shaytan.' Then after that they would always group together when they alighted in a place." [Abu Dawud]

966. Sahl ibn 'Amr (and it is said Sahl ibn ar-Rabi' ibn 'Amr al-Ansari), known as Ibn al-Hanzala, who was one of the people of the Pledge of Ridwan. said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by a camel whose back was sticking to its belly and said, 'Fear Allah in respect of these dumb animals. Ride them in good condition and eat them in good condition." [Abu Dawud]

967. Abu Ja'far 'Abdullah ibn Ja'far said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had me ride behind him one day and he confided to me something which I will not relate to anyone else. The place which the Messenger of Allah liked best for concealing himself when answering a call of nature was a high barrier of some kind or a palm enclosure, i.e. a palm garden." [Muslim]

Al-Barqani added to it after his words, "a palm enclosure," "He entered a garden belonging to one of the Ansar. There was a camel there. When it saw the Messenger of Allah, it made a noise and its eyes started watering. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to it and stroked its back - i.e. its hump and behind its ears - and then it calmed down. He said, 'Who is the owner of this camel? To whom does this camel belong?' A boy of the Ansar came and said, 'It is mine, Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'Do you not fear Allah regarding this animal over which Allah has given you power? It complains to me that you starve it and tire it out." [Abu Dawud]

968. Anas said, "When we alighted in a place, we did not pray supererogatory prayers until we had let the camels loose." [Abu Dawud]