The excellence of the one who dies leaving young children

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

164. Chapter: The excellence of the one who dies leaving young children

952. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No Muslim has three of children die before reaching puberty without Allah admitting him to the Garden by virtue of His mercy to them." [Agreed upon]

953. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No Muslim who has three children die will enter the Fire except to fulfil the oath." [Agreed upon]

954. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "A woman came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, the men hear all your hadith, so appoint a day for us in which we can come to you and you can teach us some of what Allah has taught you.' He said, 'Meet on such-and-such a day' They met and the Prophet came to them and taught them some of what Allah had taught him. Then he said, 'If any woman has three of her children die, they will act as a screen from the Fire.' A woman said, 'And two?' He said, 'And two.'" [Agreed upon]