On the Adab of the Assembly and those who sit in it

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

129. Chapter: On the Adab of the Assembly and those who sit in it

825. Ibn 'Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "None of you should make a man get up from his place and then sit in it, but you should spread out and make room." When a man got up from his place, Ibn 'Umar used not to sit there." [Agreed upon]

826. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When one of you gets up from his place and then returns to it, he is more entitled to it." [Muslim]

827. Jabir ibn Samura said, "When we used to come to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, we would sit at the edge." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

828. Abu 'Abdullah Salman al-Farisi reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When a man does ghusl on the day of Jumu'a, making himself as pure as possible, uses hair oil or puts on any perfume he has in his house, then goes out and does not part two people, and then prays what is prescribed for him and is silent while the Imam speaks, he is forgiven everything between then and the previous Jumu'a." [al-Bukhari]

829. 'Amr ibn Shu'ayb reported from his grandfather that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is not lawful for a man to part two people without their permission." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

In the transmission of Abu Dawud, "No one should sit between two men except with their permission."

830. Hudhayfa ibn al-Yaman reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed people who sit in the middle of a circle. [Abu Dawud]

At-Tirmidhi related from Abu Mijlaz that a man sat in the middle of a circle and Hudhayfa said, "Cursed by the tongue of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace," or "Allah has cursed on the tongue of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, anyone who sits in the middle of a circle."

831. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "The best of assemblies is the roomiest one." [Abu Dawud]

832. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who sits in his place and utters a lot of prattle in it, but says before getting up from it, 'Glory be to You, O Allah and by Your praise. I testify that there is no god but You. I ask Your forgiveness and I turn in repentance to You,' will be forgiven what occurred during that time." [at-Tirmidhi]

833. Abu Barza said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say at the end of his life when he wanted to get up from a gathering, 'Glory be to You, O Allah, and by Your praise. I testify that there is no god but You. I ask forgiveness of You and I turn to You.' A man said, 'O Messenger of Allah, you say something which you did not say in the past.' He said, 'It is an expiation for what happened in the gathering.'" [Abu Dawud]

834. Ibn 'Umar said, "Rarely would the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, rise from where he was sitting without making this supplication: 'O Allah, allot for us such fear of You as will come between us and acts of rebellion, and such obedience to You as will take us to Your Garden, and such certainty as will make the disasters of this world easy for us. O Allah, give us the benefit of our hearing and sight and our faculties for as long as You make us live and make it survive my death. Give us revenge on anyone who wrongs us and victory over anyone who opposes us. Do not make our disaster in our deen and do not make this world the greatest of our concerns nor the extent of our knowledge and do not give authority over us to anyone who does not show us mercy.'" [at-Tirmidhi]

835. Abu Hurayra stated that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No people rise from a gathering in which they do not mention Allah Almighty without it being like rising from the carcass of a donkey and they regret it." [Abu Dawud]

836. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No people sit in a gathering in which Allah Almighty is not mentioned and in which their Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is not blessed without it being a cause of great diminishment for them. If He likes, He will punish them, and if He likes, He will forgive them." [at-Tirmidhi]

837. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who sits for any length of time without mentioning Allah Almighty, will be diminished by Allah Almighty through it, and whoever lies down for any time without mentioning Allah Almighty, will be diminished by Allah Almighty through it." [Abu Dawud]