On the recommendation to wear white clothes, and the permission to wear red, green, yellow and black, and the permission to wear cotton, hair, wool and other things except silk

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

117. Chapter: On the recommendation to wear white clothes, and the permission to wear red, green, yellow and black, and the permission to wear cotton, hair, wool and other things except silk

Allah Almighty says, "Children of Adam! We have sent down clothing to you to conceal your private parts, and fine apparel, and the garment of godfearing – that is best!" (W7:25; H7:26)

and the Almighty says, "He has made shirts for you to protect you from the heat and shirts to protect you from each other's violence." (16:82)

779. Ibn 'Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Wear white clothes. They are among the best clothes you have, and shroud your dead in it." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

780. Samura reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Wear white. It is purer and more wholesome, and shroud your dead in it." [an-Nasa'i and al-Hakim]

781. Al-Bara' said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was of medium height. I saw him wearing a red robe and I have never seen anything finer than it." [Agreed upon]

782. Abu Juhayfa Wahb ibn 'Abdullah said, "I saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Makka while he was at al-Batha in a red leather tent. Bilal came up with his wudu' water. Some people wet themselves [with it] and some got some of it from the others. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out wearing a red cloak - it is as if I could still see the whiteness of his legs - and did wudu'. Bilal gave the adhan and I followed his mouth to and fro as he was saying to the right and left, 'Come to the prayer. Come to success.' Then a short spear was set upright for him. He went forward and prayed. Dogs and donkeys passed in front of him without obstructing the prayer." [Agreed upon]

783. Abu Rimtha Rifa'a at-Taymi said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wearing two green garments." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

784. Jabir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered Makka on the Day of the Conquest wearing a black turban." [Muslim]

785. Abu Sa'id 'Amr ibn Hurayth said, "It is as if I could still see the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wearing a black turban which had its ends hanging over his shoulders." [Muslim]

One variant has that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, addressed the people while wearing a black turban.

786. 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was shrouded in three white garments of Sahuli cotton. None of them was a shirt or a turban." [Agreed upon]

787. 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out one morning wearing a garment woven from black hair." [Muslim]

788. Al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba said, "I was with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, one night on a journey and he said to me, 'Do you have any water with you?' I said, 'Yes.' He got off his mount and walked until he was hidden by the darkness of the night. Then he came back and I poured out water from a vessel and he washed his face. He was wearing a woollen robe and the only way he could get his forearms out of it was to pull them out from underneath it. Then he washed his forearms and wiped his head. Then I stretched down to remove his leather socks and he said, 'Leave them. When I put them on I was in wudu'.' He wiped over them." [Agreed upon]

In one variant, "He was wearing a Syrian robe with narrow sleeves." In one variant. "This occurred during the Tabuk expedition."