On someone saying farewell and his advice when he departs on a journey and supplication for him and by him

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

96. Chapter: On someone saying farewell and his advice when he departs on a journey and supplication for him and by him

Allah Almighty says, "Ibrahim directed his sons to this, as did Ya'qub: 'My sons! Allah has chosen this deen for you so do not die except as Muslims.' Or were you present when death came to Ya'qub and he said to his sons, 'What will you worship when I have gone?' They said, 'We will worship your God, the God of your forefathers, Ibrahim and Isma'il and Ishaq – one God. We are Muslims submitting to Him.'" (W2:131-132; H2:132-133)

712. There is the hadith of Zayd ibn Arqam which was already included in the chapter of honouring the people of the House of the Messenger of Allah. He said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up to speak to us. He praised and glorified Allah and warned and reminded. Then he said, 'O people, I am a mortal to whom the messenger of my Lord is about to come and I will answer. I am leaving two great things among you. The first of them is the Book of Allah which contains guidance and light. So take the Book of Allah and cling firmly to it.' He promoted the Book of Allah and stimulated our desire for it. Then he said, 'The people of my House. I remind you of Allah in respect of the people of my House.'" [Muslim]

713. Abu Sulayman Malik ibn al-Huwayrith said, "We went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and we were a group of young men. We stayed with him for twenty days and the Prophet was kind and merciful. He thought that we were missing our families and asked about those we had left behind. He said, 'Return to your country and stay among them, teach them and instruct them. They should pray such-and-such at such-and-such a time and such-and-such a prayer at such-and-such a time. When it is time for prayer, one of you should give the adhan and the oldest of you should be the Imam " [Agreed upon]

714. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "I asked the Prophet's permission to make 'umra and he gave me permission and said, 'My brother, do not forget us in your supplication.' He spoke a word which I would not be happy to exchange for the whole of this world." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

In one variant, he said, "Give us a share in your supplication, my brother."

715. Salim ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar reported that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to say to a man when he was about to travel, "Come near to me so that I can say farewell to you as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say farewell to us, saying, 'I commend to Allah your deen and your trust and your final actions." [at-Tirmidhi]

716. 'Abdullah ibn Yazid al-Khatmi the Companion said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to say farewell to the army, he said, 'I commend to Allah your deen and your trust and your final actions.'" [Abu Dawud]

717. Anas said, "A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, I want to travel, so provision me.' He said, 'May Allah provision you with taqwa.' He said, 'Give me more.' He said, 'And forgive your wrong actions.' He said, 'Give me more.' He said, 'And may He make good easy for you wherever you are.'" [at-Tirmidhi]