On pardon and turning away from the ignorant

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

75. Chapter: On pardon and turning away from the ignorant

Allah Almighty says, "Hold to forgiveness; command what is right, but turn away from the ignorant," (7:199)

and Allah Almighty says, "Turn away graciously." (15:85)

The Almighty says, "They should rather pardon and overlook. Would you not love Allah to forgive you?" (24:22)

The Almighty says, "and pardon other people. Allah loves the do good-doers," (3:134)

and the Almighty says, "But if someone is steadfast and forgives, that is the most resolute course to follow." (W42:40; H42:43)

643. 'A'isha asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Have you ever experienced a worse day than the day of Uhud?" He replied, "I experienced many things from your people, and the worst that I experienced from them was on the Day of 'Aqaba when I presented myself to Ibn 'Abdu Yalil ibn 'Abd Kulal and he did not grant me what I wanted. I went off in great grief and felt no relief until I arrived at Qarn ath-Tha'alib. Then I lifted my head and there was a cloud shading me, and I looked and in it was Jibril, peace be upon him, and he called to me and said, "Allah Almighty has heard what your people have said to you and how they answered you. He has sent the Angel of the Mountains to you for you to command him to do whatever you wish to them." The Angel of the Mountains called to me and greeted me and then said, "O Muhammad, Allah heard what your people said to you and I am the angel of the mountains. My Lord has sent me to you for you to give me your command. What is your will? If you like, I will crush them with the two heavy mountains."' The Prophet may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Rather I hope that Allah will produce from their loins people who worship Allah alone without associating anything with Him.'" [Agreed upon]

644. 'A'isha said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, never struck anyone with his hand, including women and servants, unless he was fighting in the way of Allah. He did not demand retaliation for anything that happened to him, unless one of the sacred things of Allah Almighty was violated, then he would retaliate for the sake of Allah Almighty." [Muslim]

645. Anas said, "I was walking with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he was wearing a Najrani cloak with a thick border. A bedouin came up to him and pulled the cloak violently. I looked at the Prophet's shoulder and it had been marked by the border of the cloak due to the severity of his pull. Then he said, 'Muhammad, allot to me some of property of Allah which you have.' He turned to him and laughed and then ordered a gift to be given to him." [Agreed upon]

646. Ibn Mas'ud said, "It is as if I could see the Messenger of Allah may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recounting that the people of one of the Prophets, may the blessings and peace of Allah be upon them, struck and wounded him, and he said as he wiped the blood from his face, 'O Allah, forgive my people. They do not know.'" [Agreed upon]

647. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The strong man is not the one who throws people in wrestling. The strong man is the one who has control of himself when he is angry." [Agreed upon]