Visiting the people of virtue, sitting with them, keeping their company, loving them, seeking visits and supplication from them, and visiting places of virtue

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

45. Chapter: On visiting the people of virtue, sitting with them, keeping their company, loving them, seeking visits and supplication from them, and visiting places of virtue

Allah says, "When Musa said to his servant, 'I will not give up until I reach the meeting-place of the two seas, even if I must press on for many years." to His words, " Musa said to him, 'May I follow you on condition that you teach me some of the right guidance which you have been taught?'" (W18:59-56; H18:60-66)

Allah says, "Restrain yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, desiring His face." (18:28)

360. Anas said, "Abu Bakr said to 'Umar after the death of the Messenger of Allah, 'Let us go and visit Umm Ayman as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to visit her.' When we got to her, she wept and they asked to her, 'Why are you weeping? Do you not know that what is with Allah is better for the Messenger of Allah"?' She replied, 'I am not crying because I do not know that what is with Allah Almighty is better for the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I am crying because the revelation from heaven has stopped.' This moved them to weep as well and they began to weep with her.'" [Muslim]

361. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A man visited a brother of his in another town and Allah appointed an angel to guard him on his way. When he came to him, the angel said, 'Where are you going?' He said, 'I am going to a brother of mine in this town.' He said, 'Do you have some property with him that you want to check on?' He said, 'No, it is only that I love him for the sake of Allah Almighty.' He said, 'I am the messenger of Allah to you to tell you that Allah loves you as you love this man for His sake.'" [Muslim]

362. Abu Hurayra narrated: "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Anyone who visits someone who is sick or visits a brother of his in Allah, a voice calls out to him, "May you be happy through it and your course good and may you have a house in the Garden." [at-Tirmidhi]

363. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The metaphor of the good companion and the bad companion is that of someone with musk and the bellows of the blacksmith. The person with musk either gives it to you, or you buy it or smell its scent while the bellows of the blacksmith burn your body or your clothes or you get from it a foul smell." [Agreed upon]

364. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A woman can be married for four reasons: her wealth, her lineage, her beauty, and her religion. Seek the one with religion. May your hands be in the dust!" [Agreed upon]

365. Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Jibril, 'What prevents you from visiting us more often than you do?' Then it was sent down, 'We only descend at your Lord's command. Everything in front of of us, and everything behind us, and everything in between belongs to Him.' (19:64)" [al-Bukhari]

366. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Only take a believer as a friend and only let someone godfearing eat your food." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

367. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A man follows the religion of his close friend, so each of you should be very careful about whom he takes as a close friend." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

368. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A man is with the one he loves." [Agreed upon]

In one variant he said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, 'What about a man who loves some people but cannot be with them?' He said, 'A man is with the one he loves.'"

369. Anas reported that a Bedouin said to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "When will the Hour come?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "How have you prepared for it?" He said, "With love of Allah and His Messenger." He said, "You will be with the one you love." [Agreed upon. This is theversion of Muslim]

In a variant they both have, "I have not prepared for it with a lot of fasting, prayer or sadaqa, but I love Allah and His Messenger."

370. Ibn Mas'ud said, "A man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, what do you say about a man who loves a people but does not join them?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'A man is with the one he loves.'" [Agreed upon]

371. Abu Hurayra reported that Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "People are like mines of gold and silver. The best of them in the Jahiliyya is the best of them in Islam if they have understanding. The spirits are gathered in ranks like troops. Those which knew one another are in harmony. Those which did not know one another are discordant." [Muslim]

Al-Bukhari related the words, "The spirits..." etc is from the transmission of 'A'isha.

372. Usayr ibn 'Amr, who is called Ibn Jabir, said, "When the reinforcements of the people of the Yemen came to him, 'Umar ibn al-Khattab asked them, 'Is Uways ibn 'Amir among you?' until he reached Uways. He said to him, 'Are you Uways ibn 'Amir?' 'Yes,' he replied. He said, 'From Murad and then from Qaran?" He replied, 'Yes.' He said, 'You had leprosy and were cured of it except for a spot the size of a dirham?' He said, 'Yes.' He asked, 'You have a mother?' He said, 'Yes.' He said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Uways ibn 'Amir will come to you with the reinforcements of the people of Yemen from Murad and then from Qaran. He will have had leprosy and have been cured of it except for a the spot the size of a dirham and he has a mother to whom he is devoted. If he were to take an oath by Allah, Allah would fulfill it. If you are able to ask him to ask forgiveness for you, do so." So ask forgiveness for me.' He asked forgiveness for him. 'Umar said to him, 'Where are you going?' He said, 'Kufa.' He said, 'Shall I write a letter for you to its governor?' He said, 'I prefer to be among the dusty people.' When the following year came, one of their nobles made hajj and came to 'Umar, who asked him about Uways. He said, 'I left him in a shabby house with few possesions.' He said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Uways ibn 'Amir will come to you with the reinforcements of the people of Yemen from Murad and then from Qaran. He will have had leprosy and have been cured of it except for a spot the size of a dirham and he has a mother to whom he is devoted. If he were to take an oath by Allah, Allah would fulfill it. If you are able to ask him to ask forgiveness for you, do so."' He went to Uways and said, 'Ask forgiveness for me.' He said, 'You have just come from a righteous journey, so ask forgiveness for me.' He said, 'You met 'Umar?' He said, 'Yes,' and he asked forgiveness for him. The people became aware of him and so he left." [Muslim]

In a variant of Muslim also from Usayr ibn Jabir is that the people of Kufa came to 'Umar and they included a man whose name was Uways. 'Umar said, "Is there here anyone from Qaran?" That man came and 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'A man will come to you from Yemen called Uways who has no one left in the Yemen but his mother. He had white leprosy and prayed to Allah Almighty and He removed it except for a spot the size of a dinar or a dirham. If any of you meet him, you should ask him to ask forgiveness for you.'"

In another variant of his is that 'Umar said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah say, 'The best of the Tabi'un is a man called Uways who has a mother and who has had leprosy. So go to him and let him ask forgiveness for you.'"

373. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "I asked the Prophet's permission to make 'umra and he gave me permission and said, 'My brother, do not forget us in your supplication.' He spoke a word which I would not be happy to exchange for the whole of this world."

In one variant, he said, "Give us a share in your supplication, my brother." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

374. Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to go to Quba, both riding and walking, and would pray two rak'ats there." [Agreed upon]

In one variant, "The Prophet used to go every week to the mosque of Quba both riding and walking, and Ibn 'Umar used to do that as well."