Respecting the sacred things of the Muslims, clarification of their rights and having compassion and mercy for them

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

27. Chapter: On respecting the sacred things of the Muslims, clarification of their rights and having compassion and mercy for them

Allah Almighty says, "If someone honours Allah's sacred things, that is better for him his Lord's sight," (22:30)

and the Almighty says, "As for those who honour Allah's sacred rites, that comes from taqwa in their hearts." (22:32)

The Almighty says, "And take the believers under your wing," (15:88)

and the Almighty says, "If someone kills another person - unless it is in retaliation for someone else or for causing corruption in the earth - it is as if he had murdered all mankind. And if anyone gives life to another person, it is as if he had given life to all mankind." (5:32)

222. Abu Musa reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A believer in respect of another believer is like a building whose parts support one another." and he intertwined his fingers. [Agreed upon]

223. He also reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone passing through any of our mosques or markets carrying arrows should hold or grasp them by their heads so that no Muslim will be injured by them." [Agreed upon]

224. An-Nu'man ibn Bashir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The metaphor of the believers in their mutual love, mercy and affection is that of the body. When one limb of it complains, the rest of the body collapses with sleeplessness and fever." [Agreed upon]

225. Abu Hurayra said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, kissed al-Hasan ibn 'Ali while al-Aqra' ibn Habis was with him. Al-Aqra' said, 'I have ten children and have never kissed any of them.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked at him and said, 'Anyone who does not show mercy will not be shown mercy." [Agreed upon]

226. 'A'isha said, "Some of the Bedouins came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Do you really kiss your children?' He said, 'Yes.' They said, 'But, by Allah, we do not!' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'There is nothing I can do if Allah has removed mercy from your hearts!'" [Agreed upon]

227. Jarir ibn 'Abdullah reported that the Messenger of Allah said, "If someone does not show mercy to people, Allah will not show mercy to him." [Agreed upon]

228. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When any of you lead other people in prayer, you should make it short, for among you are there are weak, sick and old people. When you pray by yourself, you can make it as long as you wish." [Agreed upon]

One version has, "And those who have a need to attend to."

229. 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to sometimes stop doing an action, in spite of it being something he loved to do, out of the fear that other people might do it and it would become obligatory for them." [Agreed upon]

230. 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade continuous fasting as a mercy to people. They said, 'But you fast continously.' He said, 'My state is not like yours. My Lord feeds me and gives me to drink.'" [Agreed upon]

It means, "He gave me the strength of one who eats and drinks."

231. Abu Qatada al-Harith ibn Rib'i reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I stand in prayer and would like to make it long but I hear the crying of a child and shorten my prayer not wanting to make things difficult for its mother." [al-Bukhari]

232. Jundub ibn 'Abdullah reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who prays the Subh prayer is in Allah's keeping. Make sure Allah does not ask you for anything that is in His keeping. When He asks someone for something that is in His keeping, He will get hold of him and then throw him head first into the Fire of Jahannam." [Muslim]

233. Ibn 'Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He should not wrong him nor surrender him to his enemy. Allah will take care of the needs of anyone who takes care of the needs of his brother. On the Day of Rising Allah will dispel the anxiety of anyone who dispels the anxiety of another Muslim. On the Day of Rising Allah will veil anyone who veils another Muslim." [Agreed upon]

234. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim. He should not alarm him nor lie to him, nor disappoint him. The honour, property and blood of every Muslim is unlawful to another Muslim. Great care should be taken on this point for it is enough evil for a man merely to scorn his Muslim brother." [at-Tirmidhi]

235. He reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not envy one another, do not bid against on another, bidding in order to raise the price, do not hate one another, do not turn your backs on one another, and none of you should sell against the sale of anyone else. Be slaves of Allah, brothers. A Muslim is the brother of another Muslim: he should not wrong him nor scorn him nor disappoint him. Godfearing is here," and he pointed to his breast three times. "It is enough evil for man to scorn his Muslim brother. The blood, property and honour of a Muslim is unlawful to another Muslim." [Muslim]

236. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "None of you can truly be said to believe until he wants for his brother what he wants for himself." [Agreed upon]

237. He also reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Help your brother, wronging or wronged." A man said, "Messenger of Allah, I can help him if he is wronged but tell me how I can help him if he is wronging?" He said, "You can restrain him - or prevent him - from injustice. That is helping him." [al-Bukhari]

238. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The rights one Muslim has over another Muslim are five: returning the greeting, visiting the sick, joining funeral processions, accepting invitations and blessing those who sneeze." [Agreed upon]

In the variant of Muslim, "The Muslim has six rights. When you meet him, you should greet him. When he invites you, you should accept his invitation. When he asks you for counsel, you should counsel him. When he sneezes and praises Allah, you should bless him. When he is ill, you should visit him. When he dies, you should follow him."

239. Abu 'Umara al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, instructed us to do seven things and forbade us seven. He instructed us to visit the sick, to join funeral processions, to bless people who sneeze, to fulfil our oaths, to help the wronged, to accept invitations, and to return the greeting. He forbade us gold rings, drinking from silver vessels, red silk, fine silk, mixed silk and cotton, and wearing silk and istibraq silk, and brocade." [Agreed upon]

One variant has "declaring stray animals" among the first seven.