The Book of Adab (Good Manners)

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 81. The Book of Adab* (Good Manners)

[*Adab: To discipline the self to have good character and the excellent words and actions which the Shari'a recommends and logic reinforces. It entails employing good words and actions. Adab is derived from ma'duba (banquet), which is a meal which is preferred and then to which people are invited. It is called that adab because it is that to which everyone is invited.]

I. Dutifulness (birr) and maintaining ties of kinship

The words of Allah Almighty, "We have instructed man to honour his parents..." (29:8)

5625. Al-Walid ibn 'Ayzar reported that he heard Abu 'Amr ash-Shaybani say, "The owner of this house (and he indicated the house of 'Abdullah) reported to me saying, 'I asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, what action was most loved by Allah and he answered, "The prayer at its proper time."' 'Abdullah asked, "Then what?" He said, "Then devotion to parents." He said, "Then what?" He said, "Jihad in the way of Allah."

He said, "He related them to me and if I had asked for more, he would have told me more."

II. Who is the person most entitled to the best company?

5626. Abu Zur'a related that Abu Hurayra said, "A man* came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and asked, 'Messenger of Allah, what person is the most entitled to the best of my company?' He answered, 'Your mother.' He asked, 'Then whom?' He said, 'Your mother.' He asked, 'Then whom?' He said, 'Your mother. He asked, 'Then whom?' He said, 'Your father.'"

Ibn Shubruma and Yahya ibn Ayyub said that Abu Zur'a related the like of it.

[*The man was Mu'awiya ibn Hayda, the grandfather of Bahz ibn Hakim.]

III. One should only go on jihad with the permission of one's parents

5627. Abu'l-'Abbas related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr said, "A man asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'Can I go on jihad?' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'Are your parents alive?' He answered, 'Yes.' He said, 'Then strive in caring for them.'"

IV. A man should not abuse his parents

5628. Humayd ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "One of the major wrong actions is for a man to abuse his parents." It was said, "O Messenger of Allah, how can a man curse his parents?" He said, "He may curse another man's father who in turn curses his father, and curse his mother and he in turn curses his mother."

V. The acceptance of the supplication of someone who is dutiful to his parents

5629. Nafi' related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While three people were travelling, they were caught by the rain and took shelter in a cave in a mountain. A large boulder fell from the mountain and blocked the entrance to the cave and blocked their way out. They said to one another, 'Think of righteous actions you have done for the sake of Allah and invoke Allah by them and perhaps He will remove it.

"One of them said, "O Allah, I had very old parents and young children. I used to work as a shepherd for the, When I returned to them in the evening and had milked the animals, I began with my parents and let them drink before my children. One day I went a long way seeking grazing and did not come back until late evening and they had gone to sleep. I milked as I normally did and brought the milk and stood at their heads, as I disliked to wake them up and I disliked to give the milk to the children before them. while the children were crying out of hunger at my feet. I remained like and they remained as they were until dawn. If you know that I did that out of the desire for Your Face, then make an opening for us so that we can see the sky.' Allah gave them an opening through which they could see the sky.

"The second said, 'I had a cousin whom I loved with the greatest love which men can love women. I tried to seduce her and she refused unless I gave her a hundred dinars. I worked hard until I had collected a hundred dinars and I took it to her. When I was sitting between her legs, she said, "O slave of Allah, fear Allah and not break the seal without having the right to do so." I got up and left her. O Allah, if You know that I did that out of the desire for Your face, then make an opening for us!' It opened for them a bit.

"The last said, 'O Allah, I employed a worker for a faraq of rice. When he finished his work, he said, "Give me my due." I offered him his due, but he left it and turned from him. I continued to sow it until I amassed from it some cattle and a cowherd. Then he came to me and said, "Fear Allah and do not wrong me. Give me my due." I said, "Go to those cattle and their cowherd." He said, "Fear Allah and do not make fun of me." I answered, "I am not making fun of you." Take those cattle and their cowherd." So he took them and left with them. If You know that I did that out of the desire for Your Face, release us from the rest of it!' Allah released them.'"

VI. Lack of dutifulness to parents is a major wrong action

'Abdullah ibn 'Amr said that it is from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

5630. Warrad related from Al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah has forbidden you: disobedience to your mothers, refusing to fulfil your obligations and taking what is not lawfully yours, and burying your daughters alive. He dislikes for you to indulge in useless talk, asking too much and wasting wealth."

5631. 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr related from his father, Abu Bakra, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Shall I inform you of the greatest of wrong actions?" They said, "Please do, Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace!' He said, "Associating with Allah, disobedience to parents." He had been reclining and now sat up and said, 'And false witness.' He continued to repeat it until we said, 'I wish he would be quiet.'"

5632. 'Ubaydullah ibn Abi Bakr said that he heard Anas ibn Malik say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned the greatest wrong actions (or was asked about the greatest wrong actions) and he said, 'Associating with Allah, murder, and disobedience to parents.' He said, 'Shall I tell you of the greatest of wrong actions?' He went on, 'The false statement (or 'false witness).'" Shu'ba said, "I think that it is most likely that he said, "False witness."

VII. Maintaining good ties with a parent who is an idolater

5633. 'Urwa related that Asma' bint Abi Bakr said, "My mother came to me while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was alive, hoping for my favour. I asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'Shall I give to my mother?' He said, 'Yes. '" Ibn 'Uyayna said, "Then Prophet Almighty revealed about her, 'Allah does not forbid you from being good to those who have not fought you in the deen...' (60:8)"

VIII. A woman who has a husband maintaining good ties with her mother

5634. 'Urwa related that Asma' said, "My mother came with her father while she was an idolater during the truce from the treaty which the Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had made with Quraysh. I asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for a decision, saying, 'My mother has arrived hoping for my favour.' He answered, 'Yes, give to your mother.'"

5635. 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas reported that Abu Sufyan had told him that Heraclius sent for him and asked, "What does he, meaning the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, command you?" He answered, "He commanded us to pray, give sadaqa, be chaste and maintain ties of kinship.'"

IX. Maintaining good ties with a brother who is an idolater

5636. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar said, "I heard Ibn 'Umar say, ''Umar saw a silk robe being sold and said, "Messenger of Allah, buy this and wear it on Friday and when delegations come to you." He said, "This is worn by the one who has no share [in the Next World.]" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought some robes like that and he sent a robe to 'Umar who said, "How can I wear it when you said what you said about it?" He said, "I did not give it to you so that you could wear it, but for you to sell or to give to someone else to where." 'Umar sent it to a brother of his among the people of Makka before he had become Muslim.'"

X. The virtue of maintaining ties of kinship

5637. Musa ibn Talha was heard to relate that Abu Ayyub said, "It was said, 'Messenger of Allah, tell me an action which will ensure my entrance into the Garden'"

Musa ibn Talha related that Abu Ayyub al-Ansari related that a man said, "Tell me an action which will ensure my entrance into the Garden." The people said, "What does he want? What is wrong with him?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "What he wants is to know something." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Worship Allah and do not associate anything else with him. Establish the prayer and pay the zakat and maintain ties of kinship. Leave it!" He said, "It seems that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was riding his camel."

XI. The wrong action of someone who dissociates himself from relatives

5638. Muhammad ibn Jubayr ibn Mut'im said that Jubayr ibn Mut'im told him that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Someone who dissociates himself from relatives will not enter the Garden."

XII. The one who was given ample wealth because of maintaining ties of kinship

5639. Sa'id ibn Abi Sa'id related that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Anyone who desires the expansion of his provision or to have the rest of his life prolonged, should maintain ties of kinship.'"

5640. Ibn Shihab related from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who wants his provision to be expanded or to have the rest of his life prolonged, should maintain ties of kinship."

XIII. If someone maintains good relations with his kin, Allah will keep good relations with him

5641. Sa'id ibn Yasar related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah Almighty created creation and when he finished creating, kinship stood up and said, 'This is the place of him who seeks refuge with You from being cut off.' He said, 'Yes. Would you be pleased if I joined anyone who joined you and cut off anyone who cut you off?' It said, 'Yes, my Lord.' He said, 'Then you have that.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If you wish, then recite, "Is it not likely that, if you did turn away, you would cause corruption in the earth and sever your ties of kinship?"' (47:22)"

5642. Abu Salih related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Kinship is derived from ar-Rahman. Allah said, 'I will join whoever joins you and I will cut off whoever cuts you off.'"

5643. 'Urwa related from 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said. "Kinship is derived from ar-Rahman. I will join whoever joins you and I will cut off whoever cuts you off."

XIV. Kinship is is reinforced by refreshing it

5644. Qays ibn Abi Hazim related that 'Amr ibn al-'As said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say aloud and not secretly, 'The family of Abu [Talib] are not my supporters. ('Amr said that there was a gap after Abu in the book of Muhammad ibn Ja'far.) My supporters are Allah and the righteous believers."

Qays added that 'Amr ibn al-'As said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'But they have kinship which is reinforced by refreshing it,'" meaning I maintain good relations with them.

XV. The one who maintains good ties is not the one who recompenses good

5645. Mujahid related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said. "The one who maintains good ties is not the one who recompenses good. The one who maintains good ties is the one who maintains ties when his kin cut him off."

(Sufyan said that al-A'mash does not have it marfu', going back to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but both al-Hasan ibn 'Amr and Fitr say it is marfu'.)

XVI. The one who maintained good ties with relatives while an idolater and then became Muslim

5646. 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr reported that Hakim ibn Hizam said, "Messenger of Allah, what do you say about the things such as maintaining kinship, freeing slaves and sadaqa by which I used to worship in the time of Jahiliyya. Will I have any reward for them?" Hakim said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "You became Muslim with all the good you did in the past."

Abu'l-Yaman said, "By which I used to worship as did Ma'mar, Salih and Ibn al-Musafir. Ibn Ishaq said that tahannuth is to purify oneself. Hisham corroborated it from his father.

XVII. The one who let a small girl of another person play with him, or kissed her or joked with her

5647. Sa'id related that Umm Khalid bint Khalid ibn Sa'id said, "I came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with my father wearing a yellow long shirt. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Sanah! Sanah!' ('Abdullah said that it means 'beautiful' in Abyssinian.) I began to play with the seal of prophethood and my father scolded me. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Let her be.' Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'May it wear out be mended and then wear out be mended and then wear out and be mended.'" 'Abdullah said, "It lasted until people commented on it," i.e. because of the length of time they lasted.

XVIII. Showing mercy to children, kissing them and embracing them

Thabit said from Anas, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took Ibrahim and kissed him and smelled him."

5648. Ibn Abi Ya'qub related that Ibn Abi Nu'm said, "I was present with Ibn 'Umar when a man asked him about the blood of mosquitoes. He asked, 'Where are you from?' 'One of the people of Iraq,' he replied. He said, 'Look at this! He asks me about the blood of mosquitoes when they murdered the son of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace! I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'They are my sweet basil in this world!'"

5649. 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr reported that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A woman came with her two daughters to beg and I had nothing but a date which I gave to her. She divided it between her two daughters. Then she got up and left. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came in to us and I told him about this and he said, 'If someone cares for* these daughters in any way and treats them well, they will be a shield from the Fire for him.'"

[*In one variant, "Anyone who is tested by..."

5650. 'Amr ibn Sulaym related that Abu Qatada said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out to us with Umama bint Abi'l-'As on his shoulder. He prayed, and when he bowed in ruku', he put her down, and when he came out, he picked her up."

5651. Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, kissed al-Hasan ibn 'Ali while al-Aqra' ibn Habis at-Tamimi was sitting with him. Al-Aqra' said, 'I have ten children and I have never kissed any of them.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked at him and then said, 'The one who does not show mercy will not be shown mercy.'"

5652. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "A bedouin came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Do you kiss children? We do not kiss them.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'There is nothing I can do if Allah has removed mercy from your hearts'"

5653. Aslam related from 'Umar ibn al-Khattab: "Some captives were brought to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, among whom was a woman who made the milk flow from her breasts to feed. When she found a child among the captives, she took it and brought it to her chest and suckled it. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to us, 'Can you imagine this woman casting her child into the Fire?' We said, 'No.' He said, 'No. She has the power not to cast it.' Then he said, 'Allah is more merciful to His slaves than this woman is to her child.'"

XIX. Allah has divided mercy into a hundred parts

5654. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab reported that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Allah divided mercy into a hundred parts. He kept back ninety-nine parts with Himself and left one part on the earth. It is from this part that creatures show mercy to one another so that an animal lifts its hoof from its young fearing to hurt them.'"

XX. Killing one's children out of fear that they will eat with him

5655. 'Amr ibn Shurahbil related that 'Abdullah said, "I said, 'Messenger of Allah, which wrong action is worst?' He said, ''That you set up a rival with Allah when He created you.' I said, 'Then what?' He said, 'That you kill your child fearing that he will eat with you.' I said, 'Then what?' He said, 'That you fornicate with your neighbour's wife.' Allah sent down confirmation of the words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in 'Those who do not call on any other god together with Allah.' (25:68)"

XXI. Putting a child in one's lap

5656. 'Urwa related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, put a child in his lap to rub its gums [with a date] and the child urinated on him. He called for water and poured it over the spot."

XXII. Putting a child on one's thigh

5657. Abu 'Uthman reported from Usama ibn Zayd, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to take me and sit me on his thigh and he would sit al-Hasan on his other thigh and then embrace us and then say, 'O Allah, show mercy to them! I show mercy to them!'"

Sulayman related it from Abu 'Uthman reported. At-Taymi said, "Something about it occurred to my heart and I said, 'I related it as such-and-such when I did not hear it from Abu 'Uthman.' I looked found that I had it written down in what I had heard."

XXIII. Proper faithfulness are part of faith

5658. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "I was not jealous about any woman as I was jealous about Khadija, although she died three years before he married me, when I heard him mention her. His Lord commanded him to give her the good news of a house of pearls in the Garden. If he sacrificed a sheep, he would give some of it to her friends."

XXIV. The excellence of someone who provides for an orphan

5659. Abu Hazim related that he heard Sahl ibn Sa'd report that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I and those who care for orphans will be in the Garden like this," and he pointed with his forefinger and middle finger.

XXV. The one who cares for a widow

5660. Malik reported that Safwan ibn Sulaym said in a marfu' hadith going back to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Someone who strives on behalf of widows and the poor is like someone who fights in the way of Allah or like someone who continually stands at night in prayer and like someone who continually fasts."

The like of it has come from another isnad from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

XXVI. The one who cares for a poor person

5661. Abu'l-Ghayth related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Someone who strives on behalf of widows and the poor is like someone who fights in the way of Allah." Al-Qa'nabi said, "I think that he also said, 'or like someone who continually fasts in the day and continually stands in prayer at night.'"

XXVII. Showing mercy to people and to animals

5662. Abu Qilaba related that Abu Sulayman ibn Malik ibn al-Huwayrith said, "We came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as young men of about the same age and stayed twenty nights with him. Then he realised that we were longing for our families and he asked us about those we had left behind us and we informed him. He was kind and merciful. He said, 'Return to your families and teach them and instruct them. Pray as you have seen me pray. When it is time for the prayer, one of you should give the adhan and the oldest of you should lead you in the prayer.'"

5663. Abu Salih as-Samman related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While a man was talking on a road, he became very thirsty. He found a well and went down into it. He drank and then came out and there was a dog panting and eating the mud out of thirst. The man said, 'This dog has become as thirsty as I was. So he went down into the well and filled his leather sock with water and held it in his mouth and let the dog drink. Allah thanked him for that and forgave him.' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, do we have a reward for animals?' He said, 'There is a reward for every living creature.'"

5664. Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up for the prayer and we stood up with him. While he was praying, a bedouin said, 'O Allah, show mercy to me and Muhammad and do not show mercy on anyone else with us!' When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said the taslim, he said to the bedouin, 'You have confined something which is vast,' meaning the mercy of Allah."

[The bedouin was Dhu'l-Khuwaysara al-Yamani. It is also said that he was the bedouin who had ignorantly urinated in the mosque.]

5665. 'Amir was heard to say that he heard an-Nu'man ibn Bashir say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'You see the believers in their mutual mercy, love and affection like a single body. When one limb of it complains, the rest of the body shares with it by sleeplessness and fever.'"

5666. Qatada related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is no Muslim who plants something and then a human being or animal eat from it but that it is counted as sadaqa for him."

5667. Zayd ibn Wahb related that he heard from Jarir ibn 'Abdullah that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The one who does not show mercy will not be shown mercy."

XXVIII. The command to be good to one's neighbour

The words of Allah Almighty, "Worship Allah and do not attribute partners to Him. Be good to your parents and relatives and to orphans and the very poor, and to neighbours who are related to you and neighbours who are not related to you..." (4:36)

5668. 'Amra $ related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Jibril continued to advise me to be good to my neighbour until I thought that he would have me make him my heir."

5669. The father of 'Umar ibn Muhammad related from his father that Ibn 'Umar said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Jibril continued to advise me to be good to my neighbour until I thought that he would have me make him my heir."

XXIX. The wrong action of someone whose neighbour does not feel safe from his mischief

"Yubiqhunna" (42:34) means "He can destroy them." Mawbiq (18:52) is a place of destruction.

5670. Sa'id related from Abu Shurayh that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe! By Allah, he does not believe!" It was asked. "Who is that, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Someone whose neighbour is not safe from his mischief."

Shababa and Asad ibn Musa corroborated it.

Another isnad from al-Maqburi from Abu Hurayra.

XXX. A woman neighbour should not disdain a gift given by another woman neighbour

5671. Sa'id al-Maqburi reported from his father that Abu Hurayra said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, 'Women of the Muslims! A woman neighbour should not disdain a gift given by another woman neighbour!'"

XXXI. "The one who believes in Allah and the Last Day should not harm his neighbour."

5672. Abu Salih related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The one who believes in Allah and the Last Day should not harm his neighbour. The one who believes in Allah and the Last Day should be generous to his guest. The one who believes in Allah and the Last Day should say what is good or be silent."

5673. Sa'id al-Maqburi related that Abu Shurayh al-'Adawi said, "My ears heard and my eyes saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he spoke and said, 'Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should be generous to his neighbour. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should honour his guest as his due.' Someone said, 'What is his due, Messenger of Allah?' He answered, 'A day and a night. Hospitality is for three days. Whatever is beyond that is sadaqa for him. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or be silent.'"

XXXII. The rights of the closer neighbour

5674. Talha related that 'A'isha said, "I said, 'Messenger of Allah. I have two neighbours. To which of them should I give?' He said, 'To the one whose door is nearer to you.'"

XXXIII. Every right thing is sadaqa

5675. Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir related from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Every right thing is sadaqa."

5676. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Every Muslim must give sadaqa?' They asked, "And if he does not have anything?' He said, "Then he should work with his hands and help himself and give sadaqa." They said, "And if he cannot work or does not work?" He said, "Then he should help the needy oppressed person who seeks help." They said, "And if he does not do it?" He said, "He should command the good," or he said, "Command the correct." He said, "And if he does not do that?" He said, "Then he should refrain from the evil. That is sadaqa for him."

XXXIV. Good words

Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The good word is sadaqa."

5677. Khaythama related that 'Adi ibn Hatim said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned the Fire and sought refuge with Allah from it and turned his face aside. Then he mentioned the Fire again and sought refuge with Allah from it and turned his face aside. (Shu'ba said, "I have no doubt that it was said twice.") Then he said, 'Protect yourselves from the Fire, even if with only half a date or, if he cannot manage even that, then with a good word.'"

XXXV. There should be kindness in all things

5678. 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A group of Jews visited the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'as-Samu 'alaykum' (death be upon you instead of as-salamu 'alaykum). I understood it and said, 'And upon you be death and the curse!' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Gently, 'A'isha. Allah loves kindness in all things.' I said, 'Messenger of Allah, did you not hear what they said?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'And I said, "And upon you."'"

5679. Thabit related from Anas ibn Malik that a bedouin urinated in the mosque and they went for him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Let him finish." Then he called for a bucket of water and poured it over it.

XXXVI. The believers helping one another

5680. Abu Burda related from his father Abu Musa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A believer to another believer is like a building whose parts reinforce one another." Then he intertwined his fingers together. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was sitting and then a man came asked for something or requested a need. He faced us and said, 'Intercede and you will be rewarded and Allah will decide whatever He wishes on the tongue of His Prophet.'"

XXXVII. The words of Allah Almighty, "Those who join forces for the good will receive a reward for it. Those who join forces for the bad will be answerable for it. Allah gives everything what it deserves." (4:85)

Kifl is a portion. Abu Musa said that "kiflayn" (57:28) means "two rewards" in Abyssianian.

5681. Abu Burda related from Abu Musa that when someone came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to beg or ask for a need, he said, "Intercede and you will be rewarded and Allah will decide whatever He wishes on the tongue of His Prophet."

XXXVIII. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was neither obscene or coarse

5682. It is related from Masruq that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr said ...

It is related that Masruq said, "We went to 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr when he came to Kufa with Mu'awiya. He mentioned the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'He was not obscene or coarse.' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The best of you are the best of you in character."'"

5683. 'Abdullah ibn Abi Mulayka related from 'A'isha that some Jews came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "As-Samu 'alaykum," 'A'isha retorted, "And on you and may Allah curse you and be angry with you!" He said, "Gently, 'A'isha. You must be kind and beware of harshness and coarseness." She said, "Did you not hear what they said?" He answered, "Did you not hear what I said? I answered the same to them, and what I said about them will be answered and what they said about me will not be answered."

5684. Hilal ibn Usama related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not use abusive or obscene language nor did he curse people. If he wanted to blame one of us, he would say, 'What is wrong with him! May his brow be dusty!'"

5685. 'Urwa related from 'A'isha that a man asked permission to visit the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When he saw him he said, "An evil brother of his tribe! An evil brother of his tribe!" When he sat, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was cheerful with him to his face and expansive to him. When the man left, 'A'isha said to him, "Messenger of Allah, when you saw the man, you said such-and-such about him. Then you were cheerful to him and expansive to him." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "'A'isha, when was it my habit to speak coarsely? The person with the worse position with Allah on the Day of Rising is the one whom people leave because of his evil."

[The man was 'Uyayna ibn Hisn al-Fazari.]

XXXIX. Good character and generosity and miserliness which is disliked

Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was the most generous of people, and he was even more generous during Ramadan."

Abu Dharr said that when he heard of the mission of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he said to his brother, 'Ride to this valley and listen to what he says." He returned and said, "I saw him commanding people to have good character."

5686. Thabit related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was the best of people, most generous of people and most courageous of people. One night the people of Madina were alarmed and people went towards the sound. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, met them having gone to investigate the sound before the people. He said, "Don't be afraid. Don't be afraid." He was riding a horse belonging to Abu Talha without a saddle with a sword hanging on his shoulder. He said, 'I found it (the horse) like a sea.' or 'It is a sea.'"

5687. Ibn al-Munkadir reported that he heard Jabir say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was never asked for something to which he said 'No.'"

5688. Shaqiq related that Masruq said, "We were sitting with 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr who was relating hadith to us. He said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was neither foul-mouthed or coarse. He used to say, 'The best of you is the best in character.'"

5689. Abu Hazim related that Sahl ibn Sa'd said, "A woman brought the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, a woven mantle (burda)." Sahl said to the people, "Do you know what a burda is?" They said, "Yes, a shamla (robe) with a woven border." He said, "She said, 'Messenger of Allah, I brought you this so that you could wear it.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took it as he was in need of it and wore it. One of the Companions saw him wearing it and said, 'Messenger of Allah, how excellent this is! Let me have it to wear.' 'Yes,' he answered. When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up, then the man's companions censured him. They said, 'You have not acted well. You saw that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took it because he needed it and then you asked him for it knowing that he never refuses someone who asks for something.' He said, 'I hoped for its blessing since the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wore it and I might be shrouded in it.'"

5690. Humayd ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman reported that Abu Hurayra said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Time will appear to pass more quickly, righteous deeds* will decrease, avarice will be cast into hearts, and haraj will increase." They asked, "What is haraj?" He answered, "Killing. Killing."

[* One riwaya has "knowledge will decrease".]

5691. Thabit was heard to related that Anas said, "I served the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for ten years and he never said to me, 'Uff' nor did he say about anything I had done, 'Why did you do that?' nor about anything I had not done, 'Why did you not do that?'"

XL. How a man should behave with his family?

5692. It is related that al-Aswad said, "I asked 'A'isha, 'What did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to do in his family?' She said, "He used to serve his family. When it was time for the prayer, he would go out to the prayer.'"

XLI. Love comes from Allah

5693. Nafi' related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When Allah loves a slave, He calls out to Jibril, 'Allah loves so-and-so, so love him!' and Jibril loves him. Then Jibril calls out among the people of heaven, 'Allah loves so-and-so, so love him!' and the people of heaven love him. Then acceptance is placed in the people of the earth for him."

XLII. Love for Allah's sake

5694. Qatada related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No one will experience the sweetness of faith until he loves someone and loves him only for the sake of Allah, and until he would prefer to be thrown into the fire than to revert to unbelief after Allah has delivered him, and until he loves Allah and His Messenger more than anything else."

XLIII. The words of Allah Almighty, "O you who believe! People should not ridicule others..." (49:11)

5695. Hisham related from his father that 'Abdullah ibn Zam'a said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade a man to laugh about passing wind and he said, 'How can one of you beat his wife like a stallion is beaten and then sleep with her?'" Ath-Thawri, Wuhayb and Abu Mu'awiya related from Hisham, "As he beats his slave."

5696. Muhammad ibn Zayd related that Ibn 'Umar said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said at Mina, "Do you know what day this is?" They said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He said, "This is a sacred day. And do you know what land this is?" They said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." "This is a sacred land. And do you know what month this is?" They said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He said, "This is a sacred month." He said, "Allah has made your blood, property and honour sacred like the sacredness of this day in this month in this land of yours "

XLIV. What is forbidden about insults and cursing

5697. Abu Wa'il was heard to relate that 'Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Cursing a Muslim is deviance and killing him is disbelief."

Muhammad ibn Ja'far corroborated it from Shu'ba.

5698. Abu'l-Aswad ad-Dili related that Abu Dharr heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "A man does not accuse another man of deviance nor accuse him of unbelief but that the accusation comes back on him if the person is not like that."

5699. Hilal ibn 'Ali related that Anas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was neither coarse-mouthed nor a curser or an abuser. He used to say when rebuking someone, 'What is wrong with him? May his forehead be dusty!"

5700. Abu Qilaba related that Thabit ibn ad-Dahhak, one of the people of the Tree (al-Hudaybiyya), related that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who swears falsely by a religion other than Islam is as he affirms. The vow of which is a human being makes regarding what he does not possess is not binding. Whoever kills himself with something in this world will be punished by it on the Day or Rising. Cursing a believer is like killing him. Accusing a believer of unbelief is like killing him."

5701. 'Adi ibn Thabit related that he heard Sulayman ibn Surad, one of the Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Two men insulted one another in the presence of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and one of them began angry. He became so angry that his face puffed out and changed. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I know a word which, if he says it, it will remove what he feels.' The man went to him and told him what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said. he said, 'Seek refuge from Shaytan.' He said, 'Do you think that there is something which is wrong with me? Do you think that I am mad? Go away!'"

5702. Anas related that 'Ubada ibn as-Samit said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out to tell people about the Night of Power. Two of the Muslims were quarrelling. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I came out to tell you, but so-and-so and so-and-so were quarrelling and that knowledge was taken away. It may be that that is better for you. Search for it on the seventh-month. seventy-seventh and twenty-fifth.'"

5703. Al-Ma'rur related, "I saw Abu Dharr wearing a cloak and his slave had a cloak on too. I said, 'If you would take what your slave is wearing and put it with this, it would be a set and you can give him another garment to wear. He said, 'There were words exchanged between men and another man. His mother was a non-Arab and I criticised her. He mentioned that to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said to me, 'Did you insult so-and-so?' 'Yes,' I answered. He asked, 'Did you criticise his mother?' 'Yes,' I answered. He said, 'You are a man who still has some of the Jahiliyya in you.' I asked straightaway, 'This, even when I am old?' 'Yes,' he answered. 'They are your brothers and Allah has made them subject to your authority. If Allah puts someone in authority over his brother, he should feed him from what he eats and clothe him from what he wears and you should not oblige them to do what is too much for them. If you ask that of them, then give them a hand.'"

XLV. What it is permitted to mention about people, like, "tall" or "short"

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "What is Dhu'l-Yadayn saying?"

What is not intended to disgrace a man

5704. Muhammad related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, led us Dhuhr and prayed two rak'ats and then said that taslim. Then he got up and went in front of the mosque and put his hand on it. Abu Bakr and 'Umar were among the people but they were too in awe of him to speak to him. The hasty people left, saying, 'Has the prayer been shortened?' Among the people was a man whom the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to call Dhu'l-Yadayn. He said, 'Prophet of Allah. did you forget or has the prayer been shortened?' He answered, 'I did not forget and it has not been shortened.' They said, 'Rather you have forgotten, Messenger of Allah!' He said, 'Dhu'l-Yadayn has spoken the truth.' He got up and prayed two rak'ats and then the taslim. Then he said the takbir and prostrated as he normally did or longer. Then he raised his head and said the takbir. Then he prostrated as he had prostrated before or longer. Then he raised his head and said the takbir."

XLVI. Backbiting

Allah Almighty said, "Do not backbite one another. Would any of you like to eat his brother's dead flesh? No, you would hate it. And show fear of Allah. Allah is Ever-Returning, Most Merciful." (49:12)

5705. Tawus related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by two graves and said, 'They are being tortured and are not being tortured for anything very great. One of them did not guard himself from urine and the other was involved in back-biting.' Then he called for a moist leafless palm branch and split it into two halves sticking one in each grave. Then he said, 'Perhaps their torture will be lightened for them for as long as these do not dry up.'"

XLVII. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "The best of the houses of the Ansar..."

5706. Abu Salama related from Abu Usayd as-Sa'idi that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The best of the houses of the Ansar are those of the Banu'n-Najjar."

XLVIII. What is permitted of backbiting the people of corruption and doubt

5707. 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr related that 'A'isha told him, "A man asked permission to visit the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When he saw him he said, 'Let him enter. An evil brother of his tribe!' or 'An evil son of his tribe!' When he entered, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, spoke kindly to him. I said, 'Messenger of Allah, when you saw the man, you said such-and-such about him. Then you spoke kindly to him.' he said, ''A'isha, the worst of people is the one whom people desert or leave because of his coarse language."

XLIX. Tale-bearing with a malicious intent (namima) is one of the major wrong actions

5708. Mujahid related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out of one of the gardens of Madina and heard the sound of two human beings being tortured in their graves. He said, 'They are being tortured and are not being tortured for anything very great. But it is great. One of them did not guard himself from urine and the other was involved in tale-bearing.' Then he called for a moist leafless palm branch and split it into two halves sticking one in each grave. He said, 'Perhaps their torture will be lightened for them for as long as these do not dry up.'"

L. Tale-bearing which is disliked

His words, "Every backbiter, slanderer (hammazin mashsha'in bi-namim)" (68:11) "Woe to every faultfinding back-biter (humazatin luzama)" (104:1). This means to censure

5709. Hammam said, "We were with Hudhayfa when he was told, 'A man traces a hadith back to 'Uthman (ibn 'Affan).' He said, 'I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'A tale-bearer (qattat) will not enter the Garden.'"

LI. The words of Allah Almighty, "Have done with telling lies." (22:30)

5710. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,  said, "Allah has no need of someone who does not give up lying and acting on it and ignorance to give up good and drink."

Ahmad said, "A man was not certain of his isnad."

LII. What is said about someone who is two-faced

5711. Abu Salih related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "You will find that the worse of people on the Day of Rising in the sight of Allah will be the two-faced: the one who comes to these people with one face and those people with another face."

LIII. The one who tells his friend what is being said about him

5712. Abu Wa'il related that Ibn Mas'ud said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, divided and distributed. One of the Ansar said, 'By Allah, Muhammad does not intend the Cause of Allah by this.' I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and informed him. His face changed colour and he said, 'May Allah have mercy on Musa. He was harmed worse than this and was patient.'"

LIV. Praising which is disliked

5713. Abu Burda related that Abu Musa said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard a man praising another man, extolling him greatly. The Prophet said, 'You have destroyed him - or you have broken the man's back.'"

5714. 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr related from his father that a man was mentioned in the presence of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and another man praised him heartily and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Bother you! You have severed your companion's neck,' and he repeated that several times. 'If one of you must praise someone, he should say, "I reckon he is such-and-such" if he thinks that he is like that. Allah is his Reckoner and no one should commended and praised in front of Allah."

Wuhayb said from Khalid that "woe" was waylaka instead of wayhaka.

LV. The one who praises his brother with what he knows

Sa'd said, "I did not hear the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say to anyone walking on the earth that he was one of the people of the Garden except for 'Abdullah ibn Salam."

5715. Salim related from his father that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned what he mentioned about the waist-wrapper, Abu Bakr said, 'Messenger of Allah, my waist-wrapper drags down on one side.' He said, 'You are not one of them [i.e. who do that out of pride].'"

LVI. The words of Allah Almighty, "Allah commands to justice and doing good and giving to relatives. And He forbids indecency and doing wrong and tyranny. He warns you so that perhaps you may pay heed." (16:90)

His words, "Your rebelliousness is only against yourselves." (10:23)

His words, "And if anyone inflicts an injury he same as the one done to him and then is again oppressed, Allah will come to his aid." (22:60)

Not instigating evil against a Muslim or unbeliever

5716. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, remained for such-and-such a length of time imagining that he had gone to his wife when he had not. One day he said to me, ''A'isha, Allah has given me instruction about a matter which I asked him for a decision about. Two men came to me and one of them sat at my feet and the other and at my head, and the one at my feet said to the one at my head, "What ails the man?" He answered, "Bewitched (i.e. under spell)" He asked, "And who has bewitched him?" He said, "Labid ibn al-A'sam." "Using what?" he asked. He replied, "The husk of a male palm spathe, a comb, and flax fibres. It is under a stone in the well of Dharwan." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went and said, 'This is well which I was shown. The heads of its palms are like the heads of devils and its water is the colour of henna infusion.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded that it be taken out. I said, 'Messenger of Allah, will you not let it be known??' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Allah has cured me and I dislike to provoke evil among the people.' Labid ibn A'sam was one of the Banu Zulayq, the allies of the Jews.'"

LVII. What is forbidden of mutual envy and estrangement

The words of Allah Almighty, "And from the evil of an envier when he envies." (113:5)

5717. Hammam ibn Munabbih related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Beware of suspicion. Suspicion is the falsest of speech. Do not pry or spy. Do not envy one another nor turn your backs on one another nor hate one another. Be slaves of Allah and brothers."

5718. Az-Zuhri related from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not hate one another nor envy one another nor turn your backs on one another. Be slaves of Allah and brothers. It is not lawful for a Muslim to cut himself off from his brother for more than three nights."

LVIII. "O you who believe! Avoid most suspicion. Indeed some suspicion is a crime. And do not spy and do not backbite one another...." (49:12)

5719. Al-A'raj related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Beware of suspicion. Suspicion is the falsest of speech. Do not pry and do not spy. Do not bid against on another, bidding in order to raise the price, and do not envy one another. Do not hate one another and do not turn your backs on one another. Be slaves of Allah and brothers."

LIX. Suspicion which is permitted

5720. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I do not think that so-and-so and so-and-so know anything about our deen." Al-Layth said, "These two men were among the hypocrites."

Al-Layth related this: "'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited me one day and said, ''A'isha, I do not think that so-and-so and so-and-so know anything about the deen we are following."

LX. A believer concealing himself

5721. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related from Abu Hurayra that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "All of my community will be given safety except for those who flaunt themselves. An aspect of flaunting yourself is to do an action by night and then in the morning, when Allah has veiled you, to say, 'O so-and-so! I did such-and-such yesterday,' removing Allah's veil in the morning after your Lord has veiled you in the night."

5722. It is related that Safwan ibn Muhriz said, "A man asked Ibn 'Umar, 'What did you hear the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say about secret conversation (najwa)?' He answered, 'One of you will draw near to his Lord until He puts His cover over him and He will ask, "Did you do such-and-such?" He will answer, "Yes." He will ask "Did you do such-and-such?" He will answer, "Yes." He will admit all that and then He will say, "I veiled you in this world and today I forgive you."'"

LXI. Pride

Mujahid said, "thaniya 'itfihi" (22:9) means arrogant in himself. 'Itf is the neck.

5723. Haritha ibn Wahb al-Khuza'i related that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Shall I inform you about the people of the Garden? All who are weak and thought to be weak. If they were to take an oath by Allah, Allah would carry it out Shall I tell you about the people of the Fire? All those who are coarse, domineering, and arrogant."

5724. Humayd ibn at-Tawil related that Anas ibn Malik said, "If one of the slavegirls of the Madina took the hand of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, she could take him wherever she liked."

LII. Shunning

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is not lawful for a man to shun his brother for more than three days."

5725. 'Awf ibn Malik ibn at-Tufayl, who is the son of al-Harith, and the nephew of 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, by the same mother, related that 'A'isha reported that 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr said about a sale or a gift which 'A'isha gave, "By Allah, 'A'isha which stop this or I will debar her from disposing of her property!" She said, "Did he say that?" "Yes," they answered. She said, "I make an vow to Allah that I will never again speak to Ibn az-Zubayr!" When the shunning went on for along time, Ibn az-Zubayr asked people to intercede with her. She said, "No, by Allah, I will not accept intercession for him and I will not break my vow." When that lasted a long time for Ibn az-Zubayr, he spoke to al-Miswar ibn Makhrama and 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn al-Aswad ibn 'Abdu Yaghuth. They were from the Banu Zahra. He said to them, "I ask you by Allah to bring me to 'A'isha. It is not lawful for her to vow to cut me off.' Al-Miswar and 'Abdu'r-Rahman brought him wrapped in their cloaks and they asked permission to go in and visit 'A'isha. They said, "Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah and His blessing. May we enter?" 'A'isha said, "Enter." "All of us?" they asked. "Yes," she answered, "all of you may enter," not knowing that Ibn az-Zubayr was with him. When they entered, Ibn az-Zubayr entered behind the screen. He embraced? 'A'isha and began to entreat her and weep. AL-Miswar and 'Abdu'r-Rahman began to entreat her to speak to him and accept him. They said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade what you know about shunning. It is: 'It is not lawful for a Muslim to shun his brother for more than three days.'" When they increased their reminding 'A'isha and constricting? her, she began to remind them, weeping, sayings, "I made a vow! Vows are strong." They kept at her until she spoke to Ibn az-Zubayr. To expiate her vow she set forty slaves free. After that she used to remember her vow and would weep until her veil was wet from her tears.

5726. In Shihab related from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not hate one another, envy one another, or turn your backs on one another. Be slaves of Allah and brothers. It is not lawful for a Muslim to shun his brother for more than three days."

5727. 'Ata' ibn Yazid al-Laythi related from Abu Ayyub al-Ansari that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is not lawful for a man to shun his brother for more than three days so that when they meet, this one turns away and that one turns away, The best of them is the one who initiates the greeting."

LXIII. What is permitting of shunning when someone disobeys Allah

When Ka'b had stayed behind the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade the Muslims to speak to us." He mentioned fifty nights.

5728. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I know when you are angry and when you are pleased.' 'How do you recognise that, Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'When you are pleased, you say, "Yes, by the Lord of Muhammad." When you are angry, you say, "No, by the Lord of Ibrahim."' I said, 'Yes, I only avoid your name.'"

LXIV. May a person visit his friend every day or in the morning and evening

5729. 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I have no recollection of my parents doing anything but following the deen. No day would pass without the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visiting us at either end of it, both morning and evening. While we were sitting in the house of Abu Bakr at noon, someone said, 'This is the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, coming at a time in which he does nor usually come to us.' Abu Bakr said, 'He has only come at this hour because something has happened.' He said, 'I have been given permission to leave.'"

LXV. Visiting. Those who visited people and ate with them.

Salman visited Abu'd-Darda' while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was alive and ate with him.

5730. Anas ibn Sirin related from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited the people of one of the houses of the Ansar. He ate some food with them and when he wanted to leave. he ordered that a mat be sprinkled in a place in the house and he prayed there and made supplication for him.

LXVI. The one who dressed up for delegations

5731. Yahya ibn Abi Ishaq said, "Salim ibn 'Abdullah said to me. 'What is istabraq?' I answered, 'Heavy silk brocade as well as the coarse sort of it.' He said, 'I heard 'Abdullah say that 'Umar saw a man wearing a robe made of istabraq and he brought it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah,, buy this and wear it for delegations of people when they come to you!' He said, 'Silk is worn by one who will have no share (in the Next World).' Some time passed and then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a robe to him. He brought it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'You sent this to me when you said what you said about it.' He said, 'I sent it to you so that you could get money for it.'"

Ibn 'Umar used to dislike silk markings on garment based on this hadith.

LXVII. Establishing brotherhood and alliances

Abu Juhayfa said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, established brotherhood between Salman and Abu'd-Darda'."

'A'isha ibn 'Awf said, "When we came to Madina, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, established brotherhood between me and Sa'd ibn ar-Rabi'."

5732. Humayd reported that Anas said, "When 'Abdu'r-Rahman came to us, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,established brotherhood between him and Sa'd ibn ar-Rabi'. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Give a wedding feast, even with a sheep.'"

5733. 'Asim related: "I said to Anas ibn Malik. 'Has it reached you that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is no treaty in Islam"?' Anas said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, established brotherhood between Quraysh and the Ansar in my house.'"

LXVIII. Smiling and laughing

Fatima, peace be upon her, said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, confided something to me and I laughed."

Ibn 'Abbas said, "Allah makes laugh and makes weep."

5734. 'Urwa related from 'A'isha that Rifa'a al-Qurazi divorced his wife with a final divorce. After him 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn az-Zubayr married her. She went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "Messenger of Allah, I was married to Rifa'a and he divorced me with the final third divorce and after him I married 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn az-Zubayr. By Prophet, Messenger of Allah, he only has something like this fringe," and she took hold of the fringe of her garment. 'Urwa said, "Abu Bakr was sitting with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while Ibn Sa'id ibn al-'As was sitting at the for of the room, waiting for permission to enter. Khalid began to call Abu Bakr, 'Abu Bakr! Will you not stop her from saying this openly in the presence of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did nothing more than smile. Then he said, 'Perhaps you wish to return to Rifa'a? No, not until you taste his sweetness and he tastes yours.'"

5735. Muhammad ibn Sa'd related from his father, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab asked permission to enter where the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was while there were some women of Quraysh with him who speaking to him and asking him for more, raising their voices above his voice. When 'Umar asked for permission to enter, they rushed to screen themselves. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave him permission and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was laughing. 'Umar said, 'May Allah make you laugh, Messenger of Allah. May my father and mother be your ransom!' He said, 'I am amazed at those women who were with me. When they heard your voice, they rushed to screen themselves.' 'Umar said, 'But you, Messenger of Allah, are more entitled to be feared.' Then he said, 'O enemies of your selves! Do you fear me and not fear the Messenger of Allah?' They answered, 'Yes, you are harsher and more severe than the Messenger of Allah.' The Messenger of Allah said, 'By the One in whose hand my soul is, son of al-Khattab, whenever Shaytan finds you taking a path, he only takes a path other than your path.'"

5736. Abu'l-'Abbas related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was at Ta'if, he said, 'Tomorrow we will return, Allah willing,' Some of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'We will not go until we conquer it.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Then fight tomorrow.' The next morning they fought them fiercely and suffered many wounds. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Tomorrow we will return, Allah willing.' They were silent and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, laughed."

Al-Humaydi said that Sufyan reported all of the report.

5737. Humayd ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related that Abu Hurayra said, "A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'I am destroyed. I had sexual intercourse with my wife in Ramadan.' He said, 'Free a slave.' He said, 'I do not have any.' He said, 'Then fast two consecutive months.' he said, 'I cannot.' He said, 'Then feed sixty poor people.' He said, 'I do not have it.' Then a basket of dates was brought. (Ibrahim said that 'araq is a basket.) The Prophet said, 'Where is the questioner? Give it away as sadaqa.' The man said, 'To one poorer than me, Messenger of Allah? By Allah, there is no family between the two harras which is poorer than us.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, smiled until his molars showed and then said, 'Feed it to your family then.'"

5738. Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha related that Anas ibn Malik said, "I was walking with the Messenger of Allah who was wearing a Najrani cloak with a thick border. A bedouin caught up to him and pulled his cloak violently. I looked at the side of the neck of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and it had been marked by the border of the cloak due to the violence of his tugging. Then he said, 'Muhammad, order for me some of the property of Allah which you have!' He turned to him and laughed and then ordered that he be given a gift.'"

5739. Qays related that Jarir said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not screen himself from me from the time I became Muslim. Whenever he saw me, he smiled at me. I complained to him that I could not sit firm on horses and he struck me in the chest with his hand and said, 'O Allah, make him firm! Make him a guiding guide!'"

5740. Zaynab, the daughter of Umm Salama related from Umm Salama that Umm Sulaym said, "Messenger of Allah, Prophet is not embarrassed by the truth. Does a woman have to perform a ghusl when she has a wet dream?" He answered, "Yes, she sees a liquid." Umm Salama laughed and said, "Does a woman have a wet dream?" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, answered, "How does the child resemble her?"

5741. Sulayman ibn Yasar related that 'A'isha said, "I never saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, laughing to the point where one could see his palate. He only smiled."

5742. Qatada related that Anas said that a man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on Friday when he was giving the khutba in Madina when there was a drought. He said, "Ask your Lord for rain." He looked at heaven and we could not see a cloud in the sky. He prayed for rain and the clouds began to gather on top of one another. Then they had rain until the water courses of Madina began to flow with water. It continued without stop until the next Friday. Then that man or another man stood up while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was giving the khutba and said, 'We are drowned. Ask your Lord to make it stop for us." He laughed and then said, "O Allah, around us but not on us" two or three times. The clouds began to disperse from Madina to the right and the left and it rained around Madina while none of it fell on us. Allah showed them the miracle of His Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and answered his supplication."

LXIX. The words of Allah Almighty, "O who you believe! Fear Allah and be with the truthful." (9:119)

Lying which is forbidden

5743. Abu Wa'il related from 'Abdullah that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Truthfulness leads to piety and piety leads to the Garden. A man should be truthful until he is written down as truthful with Allah. Lying leads to deviance and deviance leads to the Fire. A man will lie until he is written down as a liar with Allah."

5744. Malik ibn Abi 'Amir related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There are three signs of a hypocrite: whenever he speaks, he lies; whenever he makes a promise, he breaks it; and whenever he is trusted, he betrays his trust."

5745. Abu Raja' related that Samura ibn Jundub said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I dreamt that two men came to me and said, 'The person whose jaw you saw being split was a liar. He told a lie and then it was carried from him in all directions. This will be done to him until the Day of Rising."

LXX. Righteous guidance

5746. Shaqiq was heard to say that he heard Hudhayfa say, "The person who most resembled the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in appearance, manner and character was Ibn Umm 'Abd from when he leaves his house until he returns to it. We do not know what he does with his family when he is alone."

5747. Tariq said that 'Abdullah said, "The best of speech is the Book of Allah Almighty and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

LXXI. Patience in the face of injury

The words of Allah Almighty, "The steadfast will be paid their wages in full without any reckoning." (39:10)

5748. Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman as-Sulami related from Abu Musa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No one (or there is nothing) is more patient in the face of harm which he hears than Allah. They claim that He has a child and yet He still gives them good health and provides for them."

5749. Shaqiq said that 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made a distribution as he used to do in some of his distributions. One of the men of the Ansar said, 'By Allah, this is a distribution by which the Face of Allah is not intended.' I said, 'I will tell the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' So I went to him while he was with some of his Companions and confined it to him. That was hard for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his face changed colour and he became angry so that I wished that I had not told him. Then he said, 'Musa was tested by more than this and remained steadfast.'"

LXXII. The one who did not blame people to their faces

5750. Masruq related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,did something and made an allowance for people to do. Some people refrained from it out of caution. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard about that and addressed the people. He praised Allah and then said, 'What is wrong with some people who refrain from going something I do out of prudence? By Allah, I know Allah better than they and have a stronger fear of Him!'"

5751. 'Abdullah ibn Abi 'Utba, the client of Anas, related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was more modest than a virgin in her tent. When he saw something he disliked, we could see it in his face."

LXXIII. If someone calls his brother an unbeliever without grounds, then he himself is what he said

5752. Abu Salama related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If a man says to his brother, 'O unbeliever,' then it goes back to one of them.'"

Another isnad from Abu Salama from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

5753. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If any man says to his brother, 'O unbeliever,' then it goes back to one of them.'"

5754. Abu Qilaba related from Thabit ibn ad-Dahhak that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever swears by a religion other than Allah falsely is as he said. Whoever kills himself with something will be punished by it in the Fire of Jahannam. Cursing a believer is like killing him. If someone accuses a believer of unbelief, it is like killing him."

LXXIV. The one who did not consider as a kafir the one who said that based on an interpretation or out of ignorance

'Umar said about Hatib ibn Abi Balta'a, "He is a hypocrite." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "What will tell you? Perhaps Allah has looked at the people of Badr and said, 'I have forgiven them.'"

5755. 'Amr ibn Dinar related from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah that Mu'adh ibn Jabal used to pray with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Then he went to his people and led them in the prayer and recited Surat al-Baqara. A man left and prayed a quick prayer on his own. Mu'adh heard about that and said, "He is a hypocrite." The man heard about that and went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "Messenger of Allah, we are a people who work with our hands and irrigate with our camels. Yesterday Mu'adh led us in the prayer and recited al-Baqara, so I prayed on my own. He claims that I am a hypocrite.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Mu'adh, you a causer of trial!" three times. "Recite ash-Shams (91) and al-A'la (87) or something similar [in length]."

5756. Humayd related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If any of you swears, and says in his oath, 'By al-Lat and al-'Uzza,' he should say, 'There is no god but Allah.' If anyone says to his companion, 'Come on I will make a bet with you,' he should give sadaqa."

5757. Nafi' related that Ibn 'Umar found 'Umar ibn al-Khattab in a retinue while he was swearing by his father. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called him, "Allah has forbidden you to swear by your fathers! If someone swears, he should swear by Allah or remain silent."

LXXV. What is permitted when one is anger or severe for Allah's command

Allah says, "O Prophet! Do jihad against the rejectors and the hypocrites and be harsh with them." (9:73)

5758. Al-Qasim related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited me while there was a curtain which had images. His face changed colour and then he took the curtain and tore it down. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The people with the worst punishment of the Day of Rising will be those who make these images.'"

5759. Qays ibn Abi Hazim related that Abu Mas'ud said, "A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'I only fail to go to the morning prayer because so-and-so makes the prayer long when he leads us in it." He said, 'I have never seen the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as angry as he was in giving admonition on that day. He said, 'O people! Some of you make people averse. Whoever of you leads people in the prayer, should make it short. Among you are those who are ill, the old and those who has needs.'"

5760. Nafi' related that 'Abdullah said, "While the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was praying, he saw some phlegm in the qibla of the mosque. He scraped it with his hand and was angered. Then he said, 'When one of you is praying, Allah is in front of him, so he should not spit in front of him during the prayer.'"

5761. Yazid, the client of al-Munba'idh, related from Zayd ibn Khalid al-Juhani: "A man asked the Prophet about finding a lost article. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Publicise it for a year. Then note the details of its container and secure it. Then make use of it, but give it to its owner if he comes.' Then he said, 'Messenger of Allah, what about a lost sheep?' and he said, 'Take it. It is for you, your brother or the wolf.' Then he said, 'Messenger of Allah, what about a lost camel?' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, became so angry that his cheeks became red, (or his face became red). He said, 'It has nothing to do with you. It has its feet and its water until its owner finds it.'"

5762. Busr ibn Said related that Zayd ibn Thabit said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made a small room from palm leaves or mats. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out and prayed in it. Some men came looking for him and came and joined him in his prayer. They came one and night and were ready. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was slow in coming out to them and so they raised their voices and threw pebbles at the door. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out to them angry and said, 'You continued to do this until I feared that it would become obligatory for you. You must pray in your homes. A man's best prayer is the one he prays in his house with the exception of the obligatory prayer.'"

LXXVI. Warning against anger

The words of Allah Almighty, "Those who avoid major wrong actions and indecencies and who, when they are angered, then forgive" (42:37) and "Those who give in times of both ease and hardship, those who control their rage and pardon other people. Allah loves good-doers." (3:134)

5763. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The strong man is not the one who throws people in wrestling. The strong man is the one who has control of himself when he is angry."

5764. 'Adi ibn Thabit related that Sulayman ibn Surd said, "While we were sitting with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, two men were quarrelling and one of them insulted his companion and his face became red with anger. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I know a word and if he says it, it will remove what he feels. He should say, 'I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed Shaytan.' They said to the man, 'Did you not hear what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is saying?' He retorted, 'I am not mad!'"

5765. Abu Salih related from Abu Hurayra that a man said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Advise me." He said, "Do not get angry" and repeated that several times, saying, "Do not get angry."

LXXVII. Modesty

5766. It is related that Abu's-Sawwar al-'Adawi said, "I heard 'Imran ibn Husayn say that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Modesty only brings good.' Bushayr ibn Ka'b then said, 'It is written in books of wisdom that modesty brings about gravity. Modesty brings about tranquillity.' 'Imran said to him, 'I relate to you from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and you relate to me from your pages!'"

5767. Salim related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar: "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by a man who was rebuking his brother for being overly modest, saying, 'You are so shy that I fear that it will harm you. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Leave him be. Modesty is a branch of faith."

5768. Abu 'Abdullah ibn Abi 'Utba said that he heard Abu Sa'id say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to more modest than a virgin in her tent."

LXXVIII. If you do not feel ashamed, then do whatever you wish

5769. Rib'i ibn Hirash related that Abu Mas'ud said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Part of what has reached people of the words of the earliest prophethood is: if you do not have modesty, then do whatever you like.'"

LXXIX. One should be embarrassed about the truth in order to gain understanding in the deen

5770. Zaynab bint Abi Salama related that Umm Salama said, "Umm Sulaym went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, Allah is not ashamed of the truth. Does a woman have a ghusl when she has a wet dream?' 'Yes,' he answered, 'when she sees liquid.'"

5771. Muharib ibn Dithar heard Ibn 'Umar say,"The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The example of a believer is like a green tree. Its leaves do not fall and do not drop off.' They said, 'It is such-and-such a tree. It is such-and-such a tree.' I wanted to say, "It is the palm tree. I was young boy and was too shy. Then he said, 'It is the palm tree.'"

Hafs ibn 'Asim related the like from Ibn 'Umar. He added, "I told 'Umar about it and he said, 'I would have preferred that you had said it to such-and-such.'"

5772. Thabit said that he heard Anas say, "A woman came to offer herself [in marriage] to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, She asked, 'Do you have any need of me?' Anas's daughter said, 'What little modesty she had!' Anas said, 'She was better than you. She offered herself to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'"

LXXX. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Make things easy and do not make them difficult."

He used to like to make things light and easy for people.

5773. Sa'id ibn Abi Burda related from his father that his grandfather said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent him and Mu'adh ibn Jabal, he said to them, "Make things easy and do not make them difficult. Give them good news and do not make them feel aversion. Obey one another." Abu Musa said, "Messenger of Allah, we are in a land where they make a drink from honey called bit' and a drink from barley called mizr." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said, "Every intoxicant in unlawful."

5774. Abu't-Tayyah said that he heard Anas say that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Make things easy and do not make them difficult. Make them calm and do not make them feel aversion."

5775. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was not given a choice between two matters but that he took the easier of the two as long as it was not a wrong action. If it was a wrong action, he was the furthest of people from it. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not take revenge for himself in anything, but he would take revenge for Allah.'"

5776. Hammad ibn Zayd related that al-Azraq ibn Qays said. "We were on the bank of a river which had dried up in Ahwaz. Abu Barza al-Aslami came riding on a horse. He prayed, leaving his horse. The horse got loose and he left the prayer and went after the horse and caught it. He brought it and then went and finished his prayer. There was a man among us who had a different opinion [to the people of the Sunna, i.e. he was a Kharijite]. He began to say, 'Look at this old man! He left his prayer because of a horse!' Abu Barza came and said, 'Since I parted from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, no one has rebuked me!' He continued, 'My house is far away. If I had prayed and left my horse, I would not have reached my family until night.' He mentioned that he had accompanied the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and had see him making things easy."

5777. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Utba related that Abu Hurayra told him that a bedouin urinated in the mosque and the people jumped up to attack him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,told them, "Let him be. Pour a bucket or a pail of water on his urine. You have been sent to make things easy and were not sent to make them difficult."

LXXXI. Being cheerful with people

Ibn Mas'ud said, "Socialise with people provided that your din is safe."

Joking with one's family

5778. Abu't-Tayyah said that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to socialise with us so that he said to a young brother of mine, 'O Abu 'Umayr, what happened to the little bird?"

5779. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "I used to play with dolls in the presence of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and my friends used to play with me. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came in, they would hide themselves from him and he would send them to play with me."

LXXXII. Being affable with people

It is mentioned that Abu'd-Darda' said, "We used to smile to the faces of people while we cursed them in our hearts."

5780. 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr related that 'A'isha told him, "A man asked permission to visit the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Admit him. An evil son of his tribe!' or 'An evil brother of his tribe!' When he came it, he spoke gently to him. I said to him, 'Messenger of Allah, you said what you said and then you spoke gently?' He said, ''A'isha, the worst of people in position with Allah is the one whom leave or abandon out of fear of his coarse language.'"

5781. Ayyub related from 'Abdullah ibn Abi Mulayka, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was given some cloaks made of silk brocade with gold buttons. He divided them up among some of his Companions and put aside one for Makhrama. When Makhrama came, he said, 'I kept this for you.'" Ayyub said that he held up the garment to show him. There was something in Makhrama's character.

Hammad ibn Zayd related from Ayyub and Hatim ibn Wardan related from Ayyub from Ibn Abi Mulayka from al-Miswar, "Some cloaks were brought to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

LXXXIII. A believer is not stung from under the same hole twice

Mu'awiya  [ibn Abi Sufyan] said, "It is only experience that makes one wise."

5782. Ibn al-Musayyab related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A believer is not stung from under the same hole twice."

LXXXIV. The right of a guest

5783. Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited me and said, 'Have I not been informed that you pray all night long and fast in the day?' 'Yes,' I answered. He said, 'Do not do it. Pray and sleep. Fast and break the fast. Your body has a right on you. Your eye has a right on you. Your visitor has a right on you. Your wife has a right on you. I hope that you will have a long life. It is enough for you to fast three days of every month. Every good action is multiplied by ten and so that will be like fasting all the time.' I made things hard and so they were made hard for me. I said, 'I can do more than that.' He said, 'Fast three days out of every week.' I made things harm and so they were made hard for me. I said, 'I can do more than that.' He said, 'Fast the fast of the Prophet of Allah ,Dawud.' I asked, 'What is the fast of the Prophet of Allah, Dawud?' He said, 'Half the year.'"

LXXXV. Honouring the guest and serving him with one's own hands

His words, "Has the story reached you of the honoured guests of Ibrahim?" (51:24)

Abu 'Abdullah said, "One says 'zawr' and for guests, and uses the singular, zawr and dayf to mean the plural, adyaf and azwar, because it is a verbal noun like qawm, rida, and 'adl."

One says "ma' ghawr" ('water drained into the earth', 18:41), bi'r ghawr, (a well whose water has vanished) and miyah ghawr (waters drained into the earth). 'Ghawr gha'ir' is used for water which cannot be reached by buckets. That into which the water disappeared is maghara.

"Tazawaru" (inclining away) (18:17) is to incline, from zawr. "Azwar" means "more inclined".

5784. Sa'id ibn Abi Sa'id al-Maqburi related from Abu Shurayh al-Ka'bi that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said, "Anyone who believes in Allah and the Next Day should honour his guest. His due is a day and a night. Hospitality for three days. What is more than that is sadaqa, It is not lawful for him to stay? with him until he causes him hardship."

Malik related the like and added, "Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak well or be silent."

5785. Abu Salih related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who believes in Allah and the Next Day should not harm his neighbour. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Next Day should honour his guest. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Next Day should speak well or be silent."

5786. Abu'l-Khayr related that 'Uqba ibn 'Amir said, "We said, 'Messenger of Allah, you send us out and we stop with people who do not give us hospitality. What do you think?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to us, 'If you stay with people and they command for you what is proper for a guest, accept it. If they do not do it, then take the right of the guest from them which they should give.'"

5787. Abu Salama related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who believes in Allah and the Next Day should honour his guest. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Next Day should maintain ties of kinship. Anyone who believes in Allah and the Next Day should speak well or be silent."

LXXXVI. Preparing food and undertaking to do that oneself for guests

5788. 'Awn ibn Abi Juhayfa related that his father, Abu Juhayfa, said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, joined Salman and Abu'd-Darda' in brotherhood. Salman visited Abu'd-Darda' and noticed that Umm ad-Darda' as poorly dressed and said to her, 'What's the matter with you?' She said, 'Your brother Abu'd-Darda' has no need of this world.' Abu'd-Darda' came and made some food for him. Salman said, 'Eat.' He said, 'I am fasting.' Salman said, 'I will not eat until you eat.'" He said, "He ate. In the night, Abu'd-Darda' went to stand in prayer and Salman said, 'Sleep!' and he slept. Then he got up again and Salman said, 'Sleep!' At the end of the night, Salman said, 'Now get up.' They prayed and Salman said to him, 'Your Lord has rights over you and your self has rights over you, and your family has rights over you, so give all of those with rights their rights.' Abu'd-Darda' came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and mentioned that to him and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Salman spoke the truth.'" Abu Juhayfa is Wahb as-Suwa'i. He is called "Wahb al-Khayr".

LXXXVII. What is disliked of anger and impatience in the presence of a guest

5789. 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr said that Abu Bakr had invited a group of people as guests and he told 'Abdu'r-Rahman, "Look after your guests. I am going to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Finish with your guests before I come back." 'Abdu'r-Rahman brought them the food that he had and said, "Eat." They asked, "Where is the master of the house?" He repeated, "Eat." They said, "We will not eat until the owner of the house comes." He said, "Accept your hospitality from us. If he comes and you have not eaten, we will suffer his blame.' They still refused, I knew that he would be angry with me and so when he came, I went and hid. He asked [them], 'What have you done?' They told him and he said, ''Abdu'r-Rahman!' I remained silent. 'Ghunthar!*' he called. 'I order you that if you hear my voice, you must come out!' I came out and said, 'Ask the guests.' They said, 'He spoke the truth. He brought it to us.' He said, 'You were waiting for me. By Allah, I will not eat it tonight!' The others said, 'By Allah, we will not eat it until you eat it!' He said, 'I have never seen such an evil night as this! Bother you! What is wrong with you? Why will not accept our hospitality? Bring your food!'" He brought it and he placed his hand in it, saying, "In the Name of Allah. The first was because of Shaytan." He ate and they ate.

[* Ghunthar: an abusive term, meaning stupid, ignorant, thick, fool, or blameworthy.]

LXXXVIII. A guest saying to his host, "I will not eat until you eat."

It has the hadith of Abu Juhayfa from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

5790. 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr said, "Abu Bakr brought a guest or some guests and then spent the evening with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When he came, my mother said, 'You are late in coming to you guest – or guests – tonight.' 'Haven't you given them their supper?' he asked. She said, 'We offered it to him (or them), but they (or he) refused to eat.' Abu Bakr became angry and derided and abused me. He swore that he could not eat it. I had hidden myself and he said, 'Ghunthar!' His wife swore that she would not eat it until he ate it and the guest (or guests) swore that he (or they) would not eat it until he ate it. Abu Bakr said, 'It seems this was from Shaytan.' He called for the good and ate and they ate as well. Whenever they took a morsel, more than it appeared under it. He said, 'Sister of the Banu Firas, what is this?' She answered, 'Apple of my eye, there is now more than there was before we ate.' They ate and sent it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." It is mentioned that he ate from it.

LXXXIX. Honouring the old and letting the oldest speak first or ask first

5791. Bushayr ibn Yasar, the client of the Ansar related from Rafi' ibn Khadij and Sahl ibn Abi Hathma, "'Abdullah ibn Sahl and Muhayyisa ibn Mas'ud ibn Zayd went to Khaybar and they parted in the palm trees. 'Abdullah ibn Sahl was murdered. Then 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Sahl, and Muhayyisa and Huwayyisa, the sons of Mas'ud, went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and began to speak to him about the case of their companion. 'Abdu'r-Rahman, the youngest of the people, began, and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Let the eldest speak first.' They spoke about the case of their companion and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Do you demand the right of your murdered man (or 'your companion') by fifty of taking oaths?' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, it is a matter which we did not see.' He said, 'Then the Jews can clear themselves by fifty men taking an oath.' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, they are people of the unbelievers!' So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, himself paid the blood money.'"

Sahl said, "I got a she-camel from those camels. It entered a camel enclosure and kicked me."

Another isnad from Sahl. Yahya said, "I reckoned that he said, 'With Rafi' ibn Khadij.'"

Another isnad from Sahl alone.

5792. Nafi' related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Tell me about a tree which is like a Muslim. It gives its fruits in every season with the permission of its Lord and its leaves do not fall." He said, "It occurred to me that it was the palm tree, but I did not like to speak while Abu Bakr and 'Umar were there. When they did not speak, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'It is the palm tree.' When I left with my father, I said, 'Father, it occurred to me that it was the palm tree.' He said, 'What kept you from saying so? I would have preferred you saying that to such-and-such and such-and-such.' I said, "Nothing kept me except the fact that I did not see you or Abu Bakr speak and so I disliked to do so.'"

XC. What is permitted of poetry, rajaz poetry, and camel-chanting, and what is disliked of it

His words, "And as for the poets, it is the misled who follow them. Do you not see how they ramble on in every style and that they say things which they do not do? Except for those who believe and do right actions and remember Allah repeatedly and defend themselves after they have been wronged. Those who do wrong will soon know the kind of reversal they will receive!" (26:224-227)

Ibn 'Abbas said, "They delve into every foolish talk."

5793. 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn al-Aswad ibn 'Abdu Yaghuth reported that Ubayy ibn Ka'b told him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is wisdom in some poetry."

5794. Al-Aswad ibn Qays related that he heard Jundub said, "While the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was talking, a stone hit him and he stumbled and his toe bled. He said, 'Are you other than a toe bleeding. What you met was in the Way of Allah."

5795. Abu Salama related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The truest words which the poet spoke are the words of Labid: 'Everything except Allah is false.' Umayya ibn Abi's-Salt was about to become Muslim."

5796. Yazid ibn Abi 'Ubayd related that Salama ibn al-Akwa' said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, towards Khaybar and we travelled at night, One of the men among the people said to 'Amir ibn al-Akwa', 'Won't you let us hear some of your verses?' 'Amir was a poet and so he got down and started to chant with the camels of the people. He said:

''O Allah, were it not for You, we would not have been guided
       nor given sadaqa nor prayed!
So forgive as ransom what we have not done,
      and send down tranquillity on us.
Make our feet firm when we meet the enemy,
     but we refuse if they desire to tempt us.
They have bayed out for help against us!'

"The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'Who is this driver?' They answered, ''Amir ibn al-Akwa'.' He said, 'May Allah have mercy on him!' A man among the people said, 'It [i.e. martyrdom] is mandatory, Prophet of Allah! Would that you let us enjoy him longer!' So we came to Khaybar and besieged them until we were afflicted by terrible hunger. Then Allah Almighty gave us the conquest of it over them. In the evening of the day on which they conquered them, the people kindled several fires. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'What are these fires? For what are they being kindled?' They said, 'For meat.' He asked, 'For what meat?' They answered, 'For (cooking) domestic donkeys.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Pour them out and break them.' A man said, 'O Messenger of Allah! Or can we pour them out and wash them?' He said, 'Or that.'

"When the people were formed in battle lines, 'Amir's sword was short and he went to strike the leg of a Jew and the edge of his sword came back and struck 'Amir's own knee and he died from it. When they returned home, Salama said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw me and took hold of my hand and said, "What is the matter with you?" I said to him, "May my father and my mother be your ransom! They claim that 'Amir's actions are lost!" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'Who said that?' I said, 'So-and-so, so-and-so, so-and-so and Usayd ibn al-Hudayr al-Ansari said it.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Whoever said that has lied. He has a double reward.' He put two of his fingers together and said, 'He is a striving striver. Few Arabs have achieved the like of him!'"

5797. Abu Qilaba related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to some of his wives while Umm Sulaym was with them. He said, 'Mercy on you, Anjasha! Be gentle with the glass vessels!'" Abu Qilaba said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, spoke some words which, if one of you had said them, you would have chided him for saying that. That is: 'be gentle with the glass vessels.'"

XCI. Satirising idolaters

5798. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "Hassan ibn Thabit asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission to satirise the idolaters and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'What about my lineage?' Hassan said, 'I will take you out of them as a hair is taken from the dough.'"

Hisham ibn 'Urwa reported that his father said, "I began to insult Hasan in the presence of 'A'isha and she said, 'Do not insult him. He used to defend the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'"

5799. Al-Haytham ibn Abi Sinan related from Abu Hurayra in one of his stories when he was mentioning the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Your brother does not come out with lewdness." He meant Ibn Rawaha who said:

"Among us is the Messenger of Allah who recites His Book
     as the sun appears shining at daybreak.
He brought guidance after our blindness, and so our hearts
     are certain that what he says will take place.
He spends the night, his side shunning his bed, while
     the idolworshippers's beds hold them in deepest sleep."

'Uqayl corroborated it from az-Zuhri.

Az-Zubaydi has it from az-Zuhri from Sa'id and al-A'raj from Abu Hurayra.

5800. Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related that he heard Hassan ibn Thabit al-Ansari asking Abu Hurayra to testify, saying, "Abu Hurayra, I ask you by Allah, did you hear the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Hassan, answer for the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, support him with the Pure Spirit.'" "Yes," Abu Hurayra said.

5801. 'Adi ibn Thabit reported from al-Bara' that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Hassan, 'Satirise them [two forms] and Jibril is with you."

XCII. It is disliked for someone to be so involved with poetry that it keeps him from remembering Allah, knowledge and the Qur'an.

5802. Salim related from Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is better for a man to fill his belly with pus than to fill it with poetry."

5803. Abu Salih related that Abu Hurayra said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is better for a man to fill his belly with pus than to fill it with poetry."

XCIII. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "May your right hand be dusty!" or "'Aqra halqa" (What a nusiance!)

5804. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "Aflah, the brother of Abu'l-Qu'ays, asked permission to visit me after the Veil was revealed. I said, 'By Allah, I will not give him permission until I ask the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission for him. It was not his brother, Abu'l-Qu'ays, who nursed me. It was the wife of Abu'l-Qu'ays who nursed me.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited me and I said to him, 'Messenger of Allah, Aflah, the brother of Abu'l-Qu'ays, asked permission to visit me, but I refused to give him permission until I had asked for your permission.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'What stops you from giving permission to your uncle?' I said, 'Messenger of Allah, the man is not the one who nursed me. It was his wife who nursed me.' He said, 'Admit him. He is your uncle, may your right hand be dusty!'" 'Urwa said, "That is why 'A'isha used to say, "Suckling makes inviolable that which lineage makes inviolable."

5805. Al-Aswad related that 'A'isha said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to leave Makka, he saw Safiyya at the door of her tent looking sad because she had her period. He said , 'What a nuisance! (in the dialect of Quraysh) You will hold us up." Then he asked, "Did you perform tawaf al-ifada on the Day of Sacrifice?' 'Yes,' she replied. He said, 'Depart then.'"

XCIV. What has come about "they claimed"

5806. It is related that Abu Murra, the mawla of Umm Hani' bint Abi Talib, heard Umm Hani' bint Abi Talib say, "I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of the Conquest of Makka and found him doing ghusl, with his daughter Fatima screening him. I greeted him and he said, 'Who is this?' I said, 'It is Umm Hani' bint Abi Talib.' He said, 'Welcome, Umm Hani'.' When he finished his ghusl, he stood up and prayed eight rak'ats wrapped in a single cloth. When he finished, I said, 'Messenger of Allah, my brother claims that he is going to kill a man to whom I have given sanctuary. It is so-and-so, the son of Hubayra.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'We give sanctuary to the one to whom you have given sanctuary, Umm Hani'.'" Umm Hani' said that that happened in the morning.

XCV. What has come about someone saying, "Bother you"

5807. Qatada related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw a man driving a sacrificial camel and said, "Ride it." He said, "It is a sacrificial camel." He said, "Ride it." He said, "It is a sacrificial camel." He said, "Ride it, confound you!"

5808. Al-A'raj related from Abu Hurayra, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw a man driving a sacrificial camel and said to him, 'Ride it.' He said, 'Messenger of Allah, it is a sacrificial camel.' He said, 'Ride it, confound you! (the second or third time)'"

5809. Abu Qilaba related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on a journey and he had a black slave called Anjasha with him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, 'Mercy on you, Anjasha, be gentle with the glass vessels.'"

5810. 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr related that his father said, "One man praised another in the presence of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said, 'Bother you! You have severed your brother's neck,' and he repeated that three times. 'If one of you must praise someone, he should say, "I reckon he is such-and-such," and Allah is his Reckoner. No one should commended and praised in front of Allah.' This is if he actually knows that [about the person].

5811. Abu Salama and ad-Dahhak related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "When we were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he was making a division of booty, Dhu'l-Khuwaysira, a man of the Banu Tamim, came to him and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, be just!' He said, 'Woe to you! Who will be just if I am not just?' 'Umar said, 'Give me permission to cut off his head!' He said, 'No. He has companions such that the prayers of one of you seem inconsequential compared to their prayers and your fasting inconsequential compared to their fasting. They will leave the deen like the arrow passes through game. He looks at his arrowhead and there is nothing on it. Then he looks at the mount of its head and there is nothing on it. He will look at its shaft and there is nothing on it. Then he will look at its feathers and there will be nothing on them, for it has been too fast for excrement and blood. They will emerge when there are parties among the people. Their sign will be a man, one of whose hands is like a woman's breast, or a piece of meat palpitating.'"

Abu Sa'id said, "I testify that I heard this hadith from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I testify that I was with 'Ali when he fought them. He ordered that that man be sought out among the dead and he was brought and I looked at him and he had the description which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had given."

5812. Humayd ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related that Abu Hurayra said, "A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'I am destroyed.' He asked, Mercy on you.' He said, 'I had sexual intercourse with my wife in Ramadan.' He said, 'Free a slave.' He answered, 'I do not have the means.' He said, 'Then fast two consecutive months.' The man said, 'I cannot do it.' He said, 'Then feed sixty poor people.' The man said, 'I do not have the means.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought a basket of dates and said, 'Take it and give it away as sadaqa.' The man said, 'To other than my family, Messenger of Allah? By the One who has your soul in His hand, there is no one inside all of Madina poorer than me.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, smiled until his molars showed and then said, 'Take it then.'"

'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Khalid reported from az-Zuhri, "Bother you".

5813. 'Ata' ibn Yazid al-Laythi related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri, "A bedouin said, 'Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, tell me about hijra,' and he said, 'Woe to you! It is a hard business. Do you have any camels?. 'Yes,' he answered. He asked, 'Do you pay zakat on them?" He said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Even though you work beyond the seas, Allah will not neglect any action you do.'"

5814. Muhammad ibn Zayd related that Ibn 'Umar reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Woe to you (waylakum or wayhakum). Shu'ba is not sure which it was.) Do not revert to being unbelievers after I have gone, cutting each other's throats."

An-Nadr reported that Shu'ba said, "Wayhakum" ("Mercy on you"). 'Umar ibn Muhammad reported that his father said, "Waylakum".

5815. Qatada related from Anas that a man from the desert Arabs came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "Messenger of Allah, when will the Final Hour come?" He said, "Bother you! What have you prepared for it?" He said, "I have prepared nothing for it, except that I love Allah and His Messenger." He said, "You will be with those you love." Anas said, "We asked, 'And us as well?' He answered, 'Yes. That day we were very happy indeed. A slave belonging to al-Mughira passed by and he was of my generation. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If this one should live long, he will not become senile before the Final Hour comes.'"

Shu'ba has it in brief from Qatada who said, "I heard Anas report from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace..."

XCVI. The sign of love for Allah Almighty

By the words of Allah, "If you love Allah, then follow me and Allah will love you." (3:31)

5816. Abu Wa'il related from 'Abdullah that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A man is with those he loves."

5817. Abu Wa'il reported that 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud said, "A man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, what do you say about a man who loves some people but has not joined them?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'A man is with those he loves.'"

Jarir ibn Hazim, Sulayman ibn Qarm and Abu 'Awana corroborated it from al-A'mash from Abu Wa'il from 'Abdullah from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

5818. Abu Wa'il related that Abu Musa said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, 'What about a man who loves some people but has not joined them?'" Abu Mu'awiya and Muhammad ibn 'Ubayd corroborated it.

5819. Salim ibn Abi'l-Ja'd related from Anas ibn Malik that a man asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. "Messenger of Allah, when will the Final Hour come?" He said, "What have you prepared for it?" He answered, "I have not prepared for it a lot of prayer, fasting and sadaqa, but I love Allah and His Messenger." He said, "You will be with the one who love."

XCVII. The words of one man to another, "Shame on you!" (ikhsa')

5820. Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Ibn Sayyad, 'I have hidden something for you. What is it?' 'Smoke (dukhkh),' he answered.

5821. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related that Ibn 'Umar told him, "'Umar ibn Khattab went with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with a group of his Companions to visit Ibn Sayyad. He found him playing with some children in the hills of Banu Maghala. Ibn Sayyad, who was approaching puberty, did not notice them until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, patted his back with his hand and then said, 'Do you testify that I am the Messenger of Allah?' Ibn Sayyad looked at him and said, 'I testify that you are the Messenger of the unlettered.' Ibn Sayyad then said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'Do you testify that I am the Messenger of Allah?' He refuted it and said, 'I have believed in Allah and His Messengers.' Then he said to him, What do you think?' Ibn Sayyad said, 'Both truthful people and liars come to me.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'You are in a state of confusion.' Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, 'I am concealing something from you.' Ibn Sayyad said, 'It is just smoke.' He said, 'Shame on you! Do not go too far.' 'Umar said, 'Messenger of Allah, give me permission to cut his head off.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If it is him, you will not be able to get the better of him. If it is not him, there is no point in killing him.'"

Salim said that he heard 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar say, "After that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Ubayy ibn Ka'b al-Ansari went to the palm-grove where Ibn Sayyad was staying. When the Messenger of Allah* entered, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, began to conceal himself behind some palm trunks, trying to hear something from Ibn Sayyad before he saw him. He was lying down on his bed in a sheet of his murmuring. Ibn Sayyad's mother saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, concealing himself among the palm trunks and she said to Ibn Sayyad, 'Saf! (which was his name) This is Muhammad.' So Ibn Sayyad stopped. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If she had left him, it would have been clear.'"

Salim also reported that 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up among the people and praised Allah as He deserves and then he mentioned the Dajjal and said, 'I warn you about him, and there is no Prophet who did not warn his people about him. Nuh warned his people about him, but I will say something to you which no Prophet has said to his people. You should know that he is one-eyed and that Allah is not one-eyed.'"

Abu 'Abdullah said, "khasa'a" is used towards a dog when you drive it away. "Khasi'in" (2:65) means "put far away".

XCVIII. A man saying, "Welcome"

'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Fatima, peace be upon her, "Welcome, my daughter."

Umm Hani' said. "I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, "Welcome to Umm Hani'."

5822. Abu Jamra related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "When the delegation of the tribe of 'Abdu'l-Qays came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he said, 'Welcome to the delegation who have come. May you not suffer disgrace nor regret!' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, we are a tribe of Rabi'a, and Mudar is between us and you, so we can only come to you in the sacred month. Give us some clear instructions by which we may enter Paradise and which we can convey to those we left behind.' He said, 'Four and four. Establish the prayer, pay zakat. fast Ramadan, and give a fifth of the booty. Do not drink from the dubba', hantam, naqir and muzaffat [different kinds of wine vessels]."

XCIX. Calling people by their fathers's names

5823. Nafi' related from Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet,  may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A banner will be raised for the traitor on the Day of Rising. It will be said, 'This is the treachery of so-and-so son of so-and-so.'"

5824. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A banner will be raised for the traitor on the Day of Rising. 'This is the treachery of so-and-so son of so-and-so.'"

C. One should not say, "My self is digusted"

5825. 'Urwa related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "None of you should say, 'My self is disgusted (khabuthat),' but rather he should say, 'My self is annoyed (laqisat).'"

5826. Abu Umama ibn Sahl related from his father that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "None of you should say, 'My self is disgusted (khabuthat),' but rather he should say, 'My self is annoyed (laqisat).'"

'Uqayl corroborated it.

CI. Do not curse time

5827. Abu Salama reported from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah said, 'The sons of Adam curse time, and I am time. Night and day are in My hand."

5828. Abu Salama reported from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not call the grape-vine ('inab) 'karm' and do not say, 'The loss of time. Allah is time.'"

[NOTE: In the Jahiliyya they used to call the vine 'karm' (which comes from the root meaning 'generous') and they also called the wine which was made from it 'karm 'and thought that drinking it made one noble and generous (karam). This is why they honoured (karrama) those who drank it. The Shari'a disliked this because it affirmed their delusions about wine.]

CII. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Karm is the heart of the believer."

He said, "The one who is truly bankrupt is the one who is bankrupt on the Day of Rising," as he said, "The strong person is the one who controls himself when he is angry."

He also said, "There is no king except Allah." He described Him as having the ultimate kingdom. He also mentioned kings and quoted, "Kings, when they enter a city, lay waste to it." (27:34)

5829. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab reported from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "They say 'karm', but 'karm' is the heart of the believer."

[The believer is more entitled to the name because of the light of faith and taqwa in his heart.]

CIII. The words of a man, "May my father and mother be your ransom."

In it az-Zubayr reported from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

5830. 'Abdullah ibn Shaddad related that 'Ali said, "I did not hear the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say to anyone that they should be their ransom except for Sa'd. I heard him say, 'Shoot, may my father and mother be your ransom.' I think that it was in the Battle of Uhud."

CIV. A man saying, "May Allah make me your ransom"

Abu Bakr said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "May our fathers and mothers be your ransom."

5831. Yahya ibn Abi Ishaq related from Anas ibn Malik that he and Abu Talha came with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had Safiyya riding behind him on his she-camel. When they had gone part of the way, the she-camel stumbled and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his wife fell off. Abu Talha (he said, "I think he said.") leapt from his camel and came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saying, 'O Prophet of Allah! May Allah make me your ransom! Are you hurt at all?' He said, 'No, but see to the woman.' So Abu Talha threw a cloth over his face and went towards her and threw his cloth over her, and the woman got up. Then he saw them both onto their camel and they rode. They travelled until they could see Madina - or they were looking down over Madina. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, '[We are] returning, repenting, worshipping, praising our Lord.' He continued to say it until he entered Madina."

CV. The names which Allah Almighty loves the most

5832. Ibn al-Munkadir related that Jabir said, "One of our men had a son and named him al-Qasim. We said, 'We will not call you Abu'l-Qasim nor honour you by that. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was informed and said, 'Name him 'Abdu'r-Rahman.'"

CVI. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,  "Name yourselves with my name but do not use my kunya."

Anas said that, relating from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

5833. Salim related that Jabir said, "One of our men had a son and named him al-Qasim. They said, 'We will not give you that kunya until we ask the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, 'Name yourselves with my name but do not use my kunya.'"

5834. Ibn Sirin said from Abu Hurayra, "Abu'l-Qasim, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said. 'Name yourselves with my name but do not use my kunya.'"

5835. Ibn al-Munkadir related that Jabir said, "One of our men had a son whom he named al-Qasim. They said, 'We will not give you the kunya of Abu'l-Qasim and we will not delight you by doing so.' He went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and mentioned that to him. He said, 'Name your son 'Abdu'r-Rahman.'"

CVII. The Name al-Hazn (rough)

5836. Al-Musayyab related that his father went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who asked, "What is your name?" He replied, "Hazn." He said, "You are Sahl (easy)." He said, "I will not change a name with which my father named me." Ibn al-Musayyab said, "We have had roughness in us ever since."

5837. Ibn al-Musayyab related this from his father from his grandfather.

CVIII. Changing a name to another name which is better than it

5838. Abu Hazim related that Sahl said, "When al-Mundhir ibn Abi Usayd was born, he was brought to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he put him on his thigh while Abu Usayd was sitting there. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was occupied with something in front of him and Abu Usayd told someone to take his son from his thigh. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished was he was doing and said, 'Where is the boy?' Abu Usayd said, 'We sent him home, Messenger of Allah.' He asked, 'What is his name?' 'So-and-so,' he answered. He said, 'Rather his name is al-Mundhir.' and so he named him al-Mundhir from that day."

5839. Abu Rafi' related from Abu Hurayra that Zaynab's name had been Barra (pious) and it was said, "By that she declares herself pure." and so the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, renamed her Zaynab.

[This is said to be Zaynab bint Jahsh or Zaynab bint Abi Salama.]

5840. 'Abdu'l-Hamid ibn Jubayra ibn Shayba was reported to say. "I sat with Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab and he related to me that his grandfather Hazm came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who asked, "What is your name?" He replied, "My name is Hazm." He said, 'Rather you are Sahl.' He said, 'I will not change a name with which my father named me.' Sahl ibn al-Musayyab said, 'We have had roughness (huzuna) in us ever since.'"

CIX. Those who named after the names of Prophets

Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, kissed Ibrahim," i.e. his son.

5841. Isma'il said, "I asked Ibn Abi Awfa, 'Did you see Ibrahim, the son of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' He said, 'He died young. If there had been decreed that there be a Prophet after Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, his son would have lived, but there is no Prophet after him.'"

5842. 'Adi ibn Thabit related that he heard al-Bara' say, "When Ibrahim, peace be upon him, died, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'He has a wet-nurse in the Garden.'"

5843. Salim ibn Abi'l-Ja'd related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah al-Ansari said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Name yourselves with my name but not with my kunya. I am the divider (qasim) who divides between you." Anas related it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

5844. Abu Salih related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Name yourselves with my name but not with my kunya. Whoever sees me in a dream has seen me. Shaytan does not take on my form. Whoever deliberately lies about me should take his seat in the Fire."

5845. Abu Burda related that Abu Musa said, "I had a son and took him to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who named him Ibrahim. He rubbed his gums with a date and prayed for him to have blessing and then gave him back to me." He was the eldest son of Abu Musa.

5846. Ziyad ibn 'Ilaqa related that he heard al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba say, "The sun was eclipsed on the day Ibrahim died."

Abu Bakr related it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

CX. Naming someone al-Walid

5847. Sa'id related that Abu Hurayra said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, raised his head from bowing, he said, 'O Prophet, save al-Walid ibn al-Walid, Salama ibn Hisham, 'Ayyash ibn Abi Rabi'a, and those who are victimised in Makka. O Allah, be harsh on Mudar. O Allah, impose on them years like the years of Yusuf.'"

CXI. Whoever calls his friend and omits a letter from his name

Abu Hazim reported from Abu Hurayra, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, 'Abu Hirr.'"

5848. Abu Salama ibn related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'A'ish, this is Jibril who gives you the greeting.' I said, 'And on him peace and the mercy of Allah.'" She said, "He would see what we do not see."

5849. Abu Qilaba related that Anas said, "Umm Sulaym was with the baggage while Anjasha, the slave of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was driving them. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Anjash! Drive the glass vessels gently!'"

CXII. Giving a child a kunya and giving someone a kunya before he has children

5850. It is related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was the best of people in character. I had a brother called Abu 'Umayr. I think he had recently been weaned. When he was brought, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would say, 'Abu 'Umayr, what happened with the little bird?' He had a little bird with which he used to play. Once the time of prayer came while he was in our house. He command that the rug which was under him be swept and sprinkled and then he would stand and we would stand behind him and he would lead us in the prayer."

CXIII. Giving someone the kunya Abu Turab (father of dust), even if someone has another kunya

5851. Abu Hazim related that Sahl ibn Sa'd said, "The name which 'Ali most loved was Abu Turab. He used to be happy when he was called that. It was none other than the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who named him that. One day 'Ali was angry with Fatima and went out and slept by a wall in the mosque. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to look for him and someone said, 'He s sleeping by the wall.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to him while 'Ali's back was covered in dust. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, began to wipe off the dust from his back, saying, 'Sit up, Abu Turab!'"

CXIV. The name which Allah most hates

5852. Al-A'raj related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The most ignoble name in the sight of Allah on the Day of Rising will be a man who calls himself 'the king of kings'."

5853. Al-A'raj related from Abu Hurayra, "The most ignoble name in the sight of Allah." Sufyan said another time, "The most ignoble of names in the sight of Allah on the Day of Rising will be a man calling himself 'the king of kings'" Sufyan said that someone else says that it means "Shahan Shah (King of Kings in Persian)."

CXV. The kunya of an idolater

5854. It is related from Urwa ibn az-Zubayr that Usama ibn Zayd reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, rode a donkey with a cloth made in Fadak and Usama was riding behind him. He went to visit Sa'd ibn 'Ubada in the Banu'l-Harith ibn al-Khazraj before the Battle of Badr. They went on and passed by a gathering which contained 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn Salul, and that was before 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy became Muslim. The gathering contained a mixture of Muslims, idolworshippers, pagans, and Jews. The Muslims there included 'Abdullah ibn Rawaha. When the dust of the donkey covered the gathering, 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy covered his nose with his cloak and then said, "Don't cover us with dust!" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, greeted them and then stopped, He dismounted and invited them to Allah and recited the Qur'an to them. 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn Salul said, "O man! There is nothing better than what you say if it is the truth. So do not annoy us with it in our gatherings. Return to your mount and recount to whoever comes to you." 'Abdullah ibn Rawaha said, "Indeed, Messenger of Allah! Bring it to us in our gatherings. We like that!" So the Muslims, idolworshippers and Jews abused one another until they were practically fighting. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, kept on calming them down until they were quiet. Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mounted his animal and went until he visited Sa'd ibn 'Ubada. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, "Sa'd, did you not hear what Abu Hubab (meaning 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy) said? He said such-and-such." Sa'd ibn 'Ubada said, "O Messenger of Allah, may my father be your ransom Pardon him and overlook it.By the One who sent down the Book on you, Allah has brought the truth which He sent down on you when the people of this town had agreed to crown him and bind his head with a (royal) turban. When Allah refused that by the truth which Allah gave you, he was vexed on that account. That is why he did what you saw." So the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pardoned him. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions used to pardon the idolworshippers and the People of the Book as Allah commanded them and they endured harm. Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, said, "You will hear many abusive words from those given the Book before you and from those who worship idols," (3:186) and Allah said, "Many of the People of the Book would love it if they could make you revert to being rejectors after you have believed..." (2:109) The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to interpret this as meaning that he should pardon them as long as Allah commanded that until Allah gave permission regarding them. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went on the Badr expedition, Allah killed the nobles of the unbelievers and the leaders of Quraysh and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions returned victorious and with booty with captives from the nobles of the nobles of the unbelievers and the leaders of Quraysh, then Ibn Ubayy ibn Salul and those of the idolworshippers and pagans with him, said, "This is a business which has been victorious," and they gave allegiance to the Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Islam, and became Muslim."

5855. 'Abdullah ibn al-Harith ibn Nawfal related that 'Abbas ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib said, "Messenger of Allah, have you helped Abu Talib at all? He used to protect you and become angry on your behalf." He said, "Yes, he is in the swallowest part of the Fire. If it had not been for me, he would have been in the lowest rank of the Fire."

CXVI. Allusion, which is a recommended way to avoid lying

Ishaq said that he heard Anas say, "A son of Abu Talha died and he asked, 'How is the boy?' Umm Sulaym answered, 'His breathing has stilled and I hope that he is at rest.' He thought that she was telling the truth."

5856. Thabit al-Bunani reported that Anas ibn Malik said, "While the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on a journey, the driver of the camels was chanting and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Gently, Anjasha. Mercy on you! Take care with the glass vessels.'"

5857. Abu Qilaba related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on a journey and there was a slave called Anjasha driving the camels. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Go gently, Anjasha, while driving the glass vessels!'" Abu Qilaba said that he meant the women.

It is related by Qatada that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a driver called Anjasha who had a good voice. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, "Go gently, Anjasha, and do not break the glass vessels!'" Qatada said that he meant the weak women.

5858. Qatada related that Anas ibn Malik said, "There was an alarm in Madina and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, rode a horse belonging to Abu Talha. He said, "We did not see anything. We found it [the horse] like a sea."

CXVII. A man saying about something, "It is nothing," meaning that it is not true

Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said about (the inhabitants of) two graves, 'They are being tortured and not for anything great, but it is great."

5859. 'Urwa was heard to say that 'A'isha said, "Some people asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about soothsayers and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to them, 'They have nothing.' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, sometimes they tell us something and then it turns out to be true.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'That is a true word which a jinn caught hold of and poured into the ear of his friend, but they mix a hundred lies with it.'"

CXVIII. Raising the eyes towards the sky

The words of Allah Almighty, "Have they not looked at the camel – how it was created? And at the sky – how it was raised up?" (88:17-19)

Abu Ayyub reported from Ibn Abi Mulayka that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, raised his head towards the sky."

5860. Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman was heard to say that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah reported to him that he had heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Then there was a pause in the revelation to me. While I was walking, I heard a voice from the sky and raised my eyes towards the sky."

5861. Kurayb related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I spent the night in the house of Maymuna while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was with her. When a third of the night, or part of it, remained, he sat up and looked at the sky and recited, 'In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night and day, there are Signs for people of intelligence.' (3:190)"

CIX. The one who tapped a stick in water and mud

5862. Abu 'Uthman related from Abu Musa that he was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in one the gardens of Madina. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a stick in his hand with which he was tapping the water and the mud. A man came and asked permission to enter. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Open the gate and give him the good news of the Garden." I went and it was Abu Bakr. I opened the gate and gave him the good news of the Garden. Then another man asked permission to enter and he said, '"Open the gate and give him the good news of the Garden." It was 'Umar. I opened the gate and gave him the good news of the Garden." Then another man asked permission to enter. The Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace,had been reclining and he sat up and said, "Open the gate and give him the good news of the Garden as well as an affliction which will befall him or which will occur.' I went and it was 'Uthman. I opened the gate for him and gave him the good news of the Garden and told him what he had said. 'Uthman said, 'Allah is the One who help is sought.'"

CXX. A man tapping the ground with something in his hand

5863. Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman as-Sulami related that 'Ali said, "We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at a funeral and he began to tap the ground with a stick. He said, 'There is none of you who has not been assigned his seat in the Garden or the Fire.' They asked, 'Should we not rely on it?' He answered, 'Act. Everyone is eased [to what he is destined]. "'As for him who gives out and is godfearing ...' (92:5)."

CXXI. Saying the takbir and tasbih when surprised

5864. Hind bint al-Harith reported that Umm Salama said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, woke up and said, 'Glory be to Allah! How many treasures have been disclosed and how many afflictions revealed! Who will wake up the women of the rooms (i.e. his wives so that they can pray the tahajjud prayer)? Many a person who is dressed in this world will be naked in the Next!'"

Ibn Abi Thawr related from Ibn 'Abbas that 'Umar said, "I asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'Have you divorced your wives?' 'No,' he answered. I said, 'Allah is greater.'"

5865. 'Ali ibn al-Husayn related that Safiyya bint Huyayy, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him that she went to visit the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was in i'tikaf in the mosque in the last ten nights of Ramadan. She spoke to him for an hour in the night and then get got up to return home. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up to go with her until when she reached the door of the mosque opposite the dwelling of Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, two men of the Ansar passed by them and greeted the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and then went on quickly. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to them, 'Do not be hasty. It is Safiyya bint Huyayy.' They said, 'Glory be to Allah, Messenger of Allah!" It was a terrible thing for them. He said, 'Shaytan flows through the son of Adam as his blood flows. I feared that he would cast something into your hearts."

CXXII. Forbidding flicking small stones

5866. 'Uqba ibn Suhban al-Azdi related that 'Abdullah ibn Mughaffal al-Muzani said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade flicking small stones. He said, 'It does not kill game nor hurt the enemy. It may cause loss of an eye or break a tooth.'"

CXXIII. Someone who sneezes saying, "Praise be to Allah"

5867. Sulayman related that Anas ibn Malik said, "Two men sneezed in the presence of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Prophet said, 'May Allah have mercy on you' to one of them but not the other. He was asked about that and said, 'This one praised Allah but that one did not praise Him.'"

CXXIV. Saying "May Allah have mercy on you" when someone who has sneezed praised Allah.

5868. Mu'awiya ibn Suwayd ibn Muqarrin related that he heard al-Bara' say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, instructed us to do seven and forbade us seven. He instructed us to visit the sick, join funeral processions, bless people who sneeze, accept invitations, return the greeting, help the wronged, and fulfil oaths. He forbade us seven: gold rings, wearing silk, silk brocade, thick silk and silk saddle clothes."

CXXV. What is recommended for the sneezer and what is disliked in yawning.

5869. Sa'id al-Maqburi related from his father from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah likes sneezing and hates yawning. If someone sneezes and praises Allah, then it is a duty for every Muslim who hears him to wish mercy on him. As for yawning, it is from Shaytan, and so he should control it as much as possible. If he says, 'Ha,' Shaytan laughs at him."

CXXVI. When someone sneezes, how does someone bless him?

5870. Abu Salih reported from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When one of you sneezes, he should say, 'Praise belongs to Allah,' and his brother or friend should say to him, 'May Allah have mercy on him.' When he says to him, 'May Allah have mercy on you,' he should say, 'May Allah guide you and put your affairs in order.'"

CXXVII. One does not bless the sneezer if he does not praise Allah

5871. Sulayman at-Taymi said that he heard Anas say, "Two men sneezed in the presence of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he blessed one of them but did not bless the other. The man said, 'Messenger of Allah, you blessed this one and did not bless me!' He said, 'This one praised Allah and you did not praise Allah.'"

CXXVIII. When someone yawns, he should put his hand over his mouth

5872. Sa'id al-Maqburi related from his father from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah likes sneezing and hates yawning. If someone sneezes and praises Allah, then it is a duty for every Muslim who hears him to say, 'May Allah have mercy on you.' As for yawning, it is from Shaytan, and so he should control it as much as possible. If one of you yawns, Shaytan laughs at him.'"