The Book of Dress

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 80. The Book of Dress

The words of Allah Almighty, "Say: 'Who has forbidden the fine clothing of Allah and the good kinds of provision He has produced for His slaves?'" (7:32)

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Eat and drink, dress and give sadaqa without extravagance and without arrogance."

Ibn 'Abbas said, "Eat what you like. Wear what you like as long as that is free of two: extravagance or arrogance."

5446. Nafi', 'Abdullah ibn Dinar and Zayd ibn Aslam reported from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah will not look at someone who trails his garment out of arrogance."

I. The one who trailed his wrapper without arrogance

5447. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related from his father ('Abdullah ibn 'Umar) that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If someone trails his garment out of arrogance, Allah will not look at him on the Day of Rising." Abu Bakr said, "Messenger of Allah, one side of my waist wrapper hangs down if I do not attend to that." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "You are not one of those who do it out of arrogance."

5448. Al-Hasan related that Abu Bakra said, "There was a solar eclipse while we were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He got up trailing his garment in haste and went to the mosque. The people returned and he prayed two rak'ats and then the eclipse cleared. Then he faced us and said, "The sun and the moon are two of the signs of Allah. If you see something from them, you should pray and make supplication to Allah until it clears."

II. Rolling or tucking up the garment

5449. Abu Juhayfa said, "I saw Bilal bring an short staff and set it upright. Then he said the iqama for he prayer. I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, come out in a cloak which was rolled up. He prayed two rak'ats facing the staff. I saw the people and animals passing in front of him beyond the staff."

III. What is lower than the ankles is in the Fire

5450. Sa'id ibn Abi Sa'id al-Maqburi related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "That part of the waist wrapper which is lower than the ankles is in the Fire."

IV. The one who trailed his garment out of arrogance

5451. Al-A'raj transmitted from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "On the Day of Rising Allah will not look at someone who trails his wrapper out of arrogance."

5452. Muhammad ibn Ziyad related, "I heard Abu Hurayra say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said (or Abu'l-Qasim, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said), 'While a man was walking in a robe, proud of himself, with his hair well-groomed, Allah caused the earth to swallow him up and he will go on sinking into it until the Day of Rising.'"

5453. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related from his father, 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While a man was trailing his waist wrapper, the earth swallowed him up and he go on sinking into the earth until the Day of Rising."

It is corroborated by Yunus from az-Zuhri. Shu'ayb does not have it marfu' from az-Zuhri.

5454. Jarir ibn Zayd said, "I was with Salim ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar at the door of his house and he said, "Abu Hurayra say that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say the like."

5455. Shu'ba said, "I met Muharib ibn Dithar* on a horse while he was going to the place where he sat to give judgement, I asked him about this hadith and he related it to me and said, 'I heard 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "If anyone trails his garment out of arrogance, Allah will not look at him on the Day of Rising."' I asked Muharib, 'Did he mention his waist wrapper?' He answered, 'He did not specify the waist wrapper or the shirt.'"

[*He was a qadi who used to sit in a corner of the mosque in Kufa to give judgement.]

Jabala ibn Suhaym, Zayd ibn Aslam, and Zayd ibn 'Abdullah corroborated it from Salim from Ibn 'Umar from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

Al-Layth transmitted the like from Nafi' from Ibn 'Umar.

Musa ibn 'Uqba, 'Umar ibn Muhammad and Qudama ibn Musa corroborated it from Salim from Ibn 'Umar from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as, "Whoever trails his garment out of pride."

V. The fringed waist-wrapper

It is mentioned that az-Zuhri, Abu Bakr ibn Muhammad, Hamza ibn Abi Usayd and Mu'awiya ibn 'Abdullah ibn Ja'far wore fringed garments.

5456. 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr related that 'A'isha said, "The wife of Rifa'a al-Qurazi came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while I was sitting there and Abu Bakr was with him. She said, "I was married to Rifa'a and he divorced me and it was a final divorce. I then married 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn az-Zubayr, but he is like this fringe, and she took hold of the fringe of her outer wrapper (jilbab). Khalid ibn Sa'id, who was at the door and had not been given permission to enter, heard what she said and said, 'Abu Bakr, will you not stop this woman from saying that openly in the presence of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' By Allah, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not do more than smile. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to her, 'Do you want to return to Rifa'a? No, not until you have enjoyed his sweetness and he ('Abdu'r-Rahman) has enjoyed your sweetness.' That has become the sunna ever since.*"

[*The sunna is that she cannot return to her first husband who divorced her with a final divorce until she has consummated a marriage with another husband.]

VI. Cloaks (rida')

Anas said, "A bedouin pulled the cloak of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

5457. Husayn ibn 'Ali related that 'Ali said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called for his cloak and put it it on and set out walking wearing it. Zayd ibn Haritha and I followed him until he reached the house where Hamza was. They asked for permission to enter and were given permission."

VII. Wearing long shirts

The words of Allah Almighty reporting from Yusuf, "Go with this shirt of mine and cast it on my father's face and he will see again." (12:93)

5458. Nafi' related from Ibn 'Umar that a man said, "Messenger of Allah, what find of clothes should someone in ihram wear?" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Someone in ihram should not wear a shirt, trousers, burnoose or leather socks. If he does not have sandals, then he should cut them (the socks) and wear what comes below the ankles."

5459. 'Amr heard Jabir ibn 'Abdullah say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came after 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy had been put into his grave. He commanded that he be brought out and placed on his knees. He blew some of his spit on him (nafth) and clothed him in his shirt, and Allah knows best."

5460. Nafi' related from 'Abdullah said, "When 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy died, his son came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, give me your shirt so I can shroud him in it. Pray over him and ask forgiveness for him.' So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave him his shirt and said, 'Inform me when you finish so that I can pray over him.' When he finished, he told him and he came to pray over him. 'Umar pulled him away and said, 'Has not Allah forbidden you to pray over the hypocrites?' He said, '"You can ask forgiveness for them, or not ask forgiveness for them. Even if you asked forgiveness for them seventy times, Allah still would not forgive them." (9:80)' Then it was revealed, "Do not ever pray over any of them who die or stand at their graves.' (9:84) Then he stopped praying over them."

VIII. The jayb (opening) of the shirt on the chest and elsewhere

5461. Tawus related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made an example, saying, "The likeness of the miser and the one who gives is like two men wearing shirts of chain-mail and their hands are tied to their breasts to their collar bones. When the giver of sadaqa spends, his shirt expands over his body until it covers his fingertips and obliterates his footsteps. When the miser wants to spend anything, it shrinks and every link is fixed in its place." Abu Hurayra said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, illustrating that with his finger like this in the neck of the shirt. If only you could see him trying to make it looser but it will not get looser."

Ibn Tawus corroborated it from his father and Abu'z-Zinad from al-A'raj about the two shirts (definite).

Hanzala said, "I heard Abu Hurayra mention the two coats in the indefinite form."

Ja'far related the indefinite form from al-A'raj.

IX. The one who wore a coat (jubbah) with narrow sleeves while on a journey

5462. Masruq related that al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to relieve himself. Then he faced qibla and I brought the water and he did wudu'. He was wearing a Syrian coat. He washed his mouth and snuffed water up his nose and washed his face. He tried to put his hand through his sleeves, but they were too tight and so he brought them out from underneath and washed them and wiped his head and over his leather socks."

X. Wearing a woollen coat (jubbah) during expeditions

5463. It is related from 'Urwa ibn al-Mughira that his father said, "I was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on a journey one night and he asked, 'Do you have any water with you?' 'Yes,' I answered. He got off his camel and went off until he disappeared in the darkness of the night. Then he came back and I poured water for him from the wudu' vessel. He washed his face and hands. He was wearing a woollen coat and could not get his fore-arms out of it and so he brought them out from underneath the cloak. He washed his forearms and then wiped his head. Then I went to remove his leather socks then he said, 'Leave them. I was in a state of purity when I put them on.' Then he wiped over them."

XI. The coat (qaba') and the silk farruj

The farruj is a type of qaba' and it is said that it is one which which has a slit at the back.

[A sleeved, close-fitting coat like a qaftan, divided down the fruit.]

5464. Ibn Abi Mulayka related that al-Miswar ibn Makhrama said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, divided up some coats, but did not give any of them to Makhrama. Makhrama said, 'My son, come with me to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' I went with him and he said, 'Go in and call him to me.'" He said, 'I called him to him and he came out to him wearing one of the cloaks. He said, 'We kept this for you.'" He said, "He looked at it and said, 'Makhrama is pleased.'*"

[Ibn Hajar said that Makhrama said this. It is also said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said it.]

5465. Abu'l-Khayr related that 'Uqba ibn 'Amir said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was given a silk farruj which he put on and then he prayed wearing it. When he finished, he wrenched it off violently as if he disliked it and then said, 'This is not proper for those who have fear of Allah!'"

'Abdullah ibn Yusuf corroborated it from al-Layth. Another said that it is a silk farruj.

XII. Burnooses (hooded cloaks)

Mu'tamir said, "I heard my father say, 'I saw Anas wearing a yellow burnoose made of khazz*."

5466. Nafi' related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that a man said, "Messenger of Allah, what does someone in ihram wear?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not wear a shirt, turban, trousers, burnoose or leather socks. If someone cannot find sandals, then he can wear leather socks which should cut below the ankles. Do not wear clothing which has been touched by saffron or wars."

[*Khazz is either a mixture of silk and wool or it is also said to entirely made of silk. Wars is a type of yellow dye and saffron is yellowish red. They also have a scent.]

XIII. Trousers

5467. Jabir ibn Zayd related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If someone does not have a waist-wrapper, he should wear trousers. If someone cannot find sandals he should wear leather socks."

5468. Nafi' related that 'Abdullah said. "A man said, Messenger of Allah, what do you command us to wear when we are in ihram?' He answered, 'Do not wear shirts, trousers, uncles, burnooses, or leather locks. If a man has no sandals, he should wear leather socks cut below the ankles, and should not wear any garments which have been touched with any saffron or wars.'"

XIV. Turbans

5469. Salim reported from his father that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The one in ihram should not wear a shirt, turban, trousers, burnoose, nor a garment touched by saffron or wars, nor leather socks except in the case of someone who does not have sandals. If he does not have them, then he cuts off the leather socks below the ankles."

XV. Covering the face

Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out with a oily cloth around his head."

Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with his head bandaged with the end of a cloak."

5470. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "Some people emigrated to Madina and Abu Bakr prepared to emigrate. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Take your time. I hope to be given permission.' Abu Bakr said, 'My father be your ransom, do you hope for that?' He said, 'Yes.' Therefore Abu Bakr kept himself back in order to accompany the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He fed two riding-camels he had on acacia leaves which had been knocked off with a stick for four months."

'Urwa said that 'A'isha said, "While we were sitting in our house around midday, someone said to Abu Bakr, 'This is the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, coming with his head covered at a time at which he did not used to come to us. Abu Bakr said, 'May my father and mother be his ransom, by Allah, he has only come at this hour because something has happened.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and asked for permission to enter and was given permission and he entered. When he entered, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Abu Bakr, 'Send out those who are with you.' He said, 'They are my family, Messenger of Allah, may my father be your ransom!'. He said, 'I have been given permission to leave.' He asked, 'In company, may my father and mother be your ransom, Messenger of Allah?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Yes.' Abu Bakr said, 'Take one of these two she-camels, Messenger of Allah, may my father be your ransom.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I will take it for a price.'"

She said, "We prepared what they needed for the journey as quickly as possible and we put food for the journey in a bag. Asma' bint Abi Bakr cut a piece from her belt and used it to tie the mouth of the bag, and that is why she is called, 'She of the two belts.'"

She said, "Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr reached a cave in a mountain called Thawr and remained in it for three nights. 'Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr, who was a young boy who was clever and quick-witted, would spend the night with them and he would leave them before dawn and would be in Makka with Quraysh in the morning as if he had spent the night there. He did not hear of anything which they were planning about them but that he would remember it and bring them the news of that when it became dark. 'Amir ibn Fuhayra, the freed slave of Abu Bakr, would graze some milk sheep and bring them to them a hour after nightfall. They would spend the night in ease until 'Amir ibn Fuhayra called out when it was dark. He did that each of the three nights."

XVI. Helmets

5471. Az-Zuhri reported from Anas that in the year of the Conquest, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered Makka wearing a helmet.

XVII. The burda (mantle), hibra (green Yemeni mantle) and shamla (a robe with which one wraps oneself)

Khabbab said, "We complained to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was using his mantle as a cushion."

5472. Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha related that Anas ibn Malik said, "I was walking with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who was wearing a Najrani mantle with a thick hem when a desert Arab caught up to him and pulled it fiercely so that I saw the side of the neck of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was marked by the hem of the mantle due to the intensity of the tugging. Then he said, 'O Muhammad, order for me some of the property of Allah which you have with you!' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, turned to him and laughed, and ordered that he be given a gift."

5473. Abu Hazim related that Sahl ibn Sa'd said, "A woman brought the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,a woven mantle (burda)." Sahl said, "Do you know what a burda is?" Someone said, "Yes, a shamla (robe) with a woven border." He said, "She said, 'I wove this with my own hands so that you could wear it.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took it as he was in need of it. He came out to us using it as a waist-wrapper. A man of the people touched it with his hand and said, 'Messenger of Allah, let me have it to wear.' 'Yes,' he answered. The man sat there for as long as Allah wished. Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned having folded it and then sent it to him. The people said to him, 'You have not acted rightly. You asked him for it knowing that he never refuses someone who asks for something.' The man said, 'By Allah, I have only asked for it only so that it can be my shroud when I die.'" Sahl said, "It was his shroud."

5474. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "A group of 70,000 of my community will enter the Garden with their faces shining like the moon." 'Ukasha ibn Mihsan al-Asadi stood up, lifting his striped wrapper and said, "Messenger of Allah, ask Allah to make me one of them." He said, "O Allah, make him one of them." Then another man of the Ansar stood up and said, "Messenger of Allah, ask Allah to make me one of them." He said, "'Ukasha has beaten you to it."

5475. Qatada said, "I asked Anas, 'What garments did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, most like to wear?' He replied, 'The hibra.'"

5476. Qatada reported that Anas ibn Malik said, "The garment which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, most liked to wear was the hibra."

5477. Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn 'Awf reported that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died, he was wrapped in hibra mantle.

XVIII. Wraps (kisa') and black-bordered cloaks (khamisa)

5478. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Utba reported that 'A'isha and Ibn 'Abbas said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was dying, he began to cover his face with a cloak (khamisa). When he felt suffocated, he removed it from his face. At that point he said, 'May the curse of Allah be upon the Jews and Christians, They took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.' He was warning them against what they had done."

5479. Humayd ibn Hilal related that Abu Burda said, "'A'isha brought out to us a wrap (kisa'), and thick waist-wrapper. She said, 'The soul of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was taken while he was wearing these two.'"

5480. 'Urwa reported that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed in a cloak (khamisa) with a design. He glanced at the design, and when he said the salam, he said, 'Take this khamisa to Abu Jahm. It has distracted me from my prayer. Bring me the Anbijaniyya (a plain garment) of Abu Jahm (ibn Hudhayfa ibn Ghanim of the Banu 'Adi ibn Ka'b)."

XIX. Dressing in the fashion called samma'

5481. Hafs ibn 'Asim related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade [the sales called] munabadha and mulamasa, and he forbade praying after Fajr until the sun had risen and after 'Asr until the sun had set, and sitting wrapped in a single garment in a way that exposes the private parts to the sky and samma', which is to leave one shoulder bare."

5482. 'Amir ibn Sa'd reported that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade two ways of dressing and two types of sales. He forbade the sales called mulamasa and munabadha."

The mulamasa sale occurs when a man touches the garment he wants to buy with his hand at night or in the day without any further examination than that.

The munabadha sale is that a man throws his garment to a man while the other man throws his to him and that is their transaction, without looking at the goods or mutual satisfaction.

The two forms of dress were the samma', in which the garment is put on one shoulder leaving the other bare. The other is that someone is wrapped up in a garment while sitting so that there is nothing covering his private parts.

XX. Wrapping oneself in one garment

5483. Al-A'raj related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade two ways of dressing: that a man sit wrapped in a single garment in a way that nothing covers his private parts, and to be wrapped in a single garment which leaves the other side bare, and he also forbade the mulamasa and the munabadha sales."

5484. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade wrapping oneself in the samma manner and that a man wrap himself up in a single garment with nothing covering his private parts.

XXI. The black khamisa (cloak)

5485. 'Amr ibn Sa'id ibn al-'As related from Umm Khalid bint Khalid, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought some clothes which includes a small black khamisa. He said, 'To whom do you think that we should give this to wear?' The people were silent. He said, 'Bring me Umm Khalid.' I was carried to him. He took the khamisa with his own hand and put it on me. He said, 'May it wear out and have to be replaced.' On it were some green or yellow markings. He said, 'Umm Khalid! This is sanah!' Sanah means 'beautiful' in Abyssinian."

5486. Muhammad related that Anas said, "When Umm Sulaym gave birth, she said to me, 'See to this boy and do not give him anything to eat until you have taken him to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to do tahnik (rub his gums with date).' I took him to him and found him in a garden wearing a Huraythi cloak (khamisa) branding the camels which had come to him the conquest (of Makka)."

XXII. Green clothes

5487. 'Ikrima related that Rifa'a divorced his wife and then 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn az-Zubayr al-Qurazi married her. 'A'isha said that she [came] wearing a green veil (khimar) and complained to her and showed her some greenness [from bruising] on her skin. The women then used to help one another. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came, 'A'isha said, "I have never seen any woman endure what the believing women endure! Her skin is greener than her clothes!" 'Abdu'r-Rahman heard that she had gone to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, so he came with two of his sons by another woman. She said, "By Allah, I have no wrong action in respect to him, but he is of no more use to me than this," and she took hold of the fringe of her garment. 'Abdu'r-Rahman said, "By Allah, she lies, Messenger of Allah! I am completely strong and potent enough, but she is disobedient and wants to go to Rifa'a!" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If that is the case, you are not lawful to him (or proper for him, i.e. Rifa'a) until 'Abdu'r-Rahman has experienced your sweetness." He saw the two boys with him and asked, "Are these your sons? "Yes," he answered. He said, "This is someone about whom you claim what you claim, but, by Allah, they resemble him as a crow resembles another crow!"

XXIII. White clothes

5488. It is related that Sa'd said, "In the Battle of Uhud, I saw two men wearing white clothes to the left and right of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I had not seen them before and did not see them afterwards."

5489. Abu'l-Aswad ad-Dili related that Abu Dharr said, "I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was wearing white clothes and was asleep. Then I came back to him when he had woken up. He said, 'There is no one who says, 'There is no god but Allah' and then dies holding to that, but that he will enter the Garden.' I said, 'Even if he fornicated and stole?' 'Even if he fornicated and stole,' he answered. I repeated, I said, 'Even if he fornicated and stole?' 'Even if he fornicated and stole,' he answered. I said again, ''Even if he fornicated and stole?' He said, 'Even if he fornicated and stole despite Abu Dharr!'"

When Abu Dharr related this, he said, "Despite Abu Dharr!"

Abu 'Abdullah said, "This is at the time of death or before it. If someone repents with regret and says, 'There is no god but Allah,' he will be forgiven."

XXIV. Men wearing silk and using it for furnishing, and what is permitted of that

5490. Qatada said, "I heard Abu 'Uthman an-Nahdi say, 'While we were with 'Utba ibn Farqad in Azerbaijan, 'Umar's letter reached us stating that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had forbidden silk except for this much,' and he indicated with his index and middle fingers," He said, "As far we know, he meant a border."

5491. 'Asim related that Abu 'Uthman said, "'Umar wrote to us while we were in Azerbaijan: 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has forbidden wearing silk except for this amount. "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, spread out two of his two fingers for us,"' and Zuhayr [who related from 'Asim] raised his middle and index fingers."

5492. At-Taymi related that Abu 'Uthman said, "While we were with 'Utba, 'Umar wrote to us that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said, "Anyone who wears silk in this world will not wear any of it in the Next."." Abu 'Uthman pointed with his middle and index fingers."

It is related from the father of Mu'tamir from Abu 'Uthman. Abu 'Uthman indicated with his middle and index fingers.

5493. Al-Hakam related that Ibn Abi Layla said, "While Hudhayfa was in Mada'in, he asked for water. The chief brought him a silver cup and he threw it away and said, 'I only threw it away because I forbade him and he did not stop. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Gold and silver and silk and silk brocade are for them in this world and they are for you in the Next World.'"

5494. Shu'ba related that 'Abdu'l-'Aziz ibn Suhayb heard Anas ibn Malik say it. Shu'ba said, "I asked, 'Is it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace? 'Abdu'l-'Aziz said angrily, "From the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said, 'Whoever wears silk in this world will not wear it in the Next World."

5495. Thabit said, "I heard Ibn az-Zubayr giving a khutba in which he said, 'Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever wears silk in this world will not wear it in the Next World."'"

5496. Abu Dhubyan Khalifa ibn Ka'b said, "I heard Ibn az-Zubayr say, 'I heard 'Umar say that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever wears silk in this world will not wear it in the Next World."'"

Mu'adha said, "Umm 'Amr bint 'Abdullah told me that she heard 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr say that he heard 'Umar who heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace..."

5497.  'Imran ibn Hittan said, "I asked 'A'isha about silk and she said, 'Go to Ibn 'Abbas and ask him.' So I asked him and he said, 'Ask Ibn 'Umar.' I asked Ibn 'Umar and he said, 'Abu Hafs (meaning 'Umar ibn al-Khattab) reported to me that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The one who wears silk in this world will have no portion of it in the Next World."' I said, 'He spoke the truth. Abu Hafs would not lie about what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said.'"

XXV. The one who touches silk without wearing it

There is a transmission in it from az-Zubaydi from az-Zuhri from Anas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

5498. Abu Ishaq related that al-Bara' said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was given a silk garment and we began to touch it and admire it. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do you like this?' 'Yes,' we answered. He said, 'The handkerchiefs of Sa'd ibn Mu'adh in the Garden are better than this.'"

XXVI. Using silk bedding

'Abida said that it is the same as wearing it.

5499. Ibn Abi Layla related that Hudhayfa said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade us to drink from gold and silver vessels or to eat from them, and to wear silk and silk brocade or to sit on that."

XXVII. Wearing Qassi

'Asim said that Abu Burda said, "I asked 'Ali, 'What is qassi?' He replied, 'Garments which came to us from Syria or Egypt. It has wide lines like ribs of silk in it resembling citrons. Mithara was a cushion which women used to make for their husbands like the saddlecloths which they put on their saddles."

Jarir mentioned that Yazid said in his hadith that Qassi were garments which were brought from Egypt with lines of silk like ribs. Mithara were skins of wild beasts.

Abu 'Abdullah said, "'Asim has the more usual and correct meaning of mithara."

5500. Mu'awiya ibn Suwayd ibn Muqarrin reported that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade us red silk saddle cushions (mithara) and al-qassi."

XXVIII. Silk allowed for men who are suffering from the itch

5501. Qatada related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made an exception in the case of az-Zubayr and 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn 'Awf with respect to the wearing of silk because of the itch they had."

XXIX. Silk for women

5502. Zayd ibn Wahb related that 'Ali ibn Abi Talib said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave me a silk robe to wear. I went out wearing it and saw anger in his face, so I divided it between my women.*"

[* Meaning his wife, his mother, Hamza's daughter, and the wife of his brother 'Aqil.]

5503. 'Abdullah retorted that 'Umar saw a striped silk robe being sold and he said, "Messenger of Allah, if you were to buy this you could wear it on the day of Jumu'a and to receive delegations when they come to you." He said, "This will only be worn by someone who has no share [of the Next World]."

Afterwards the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a striped silk robe which could be worn to 'Umar. 'Umar said, "You give it to me to wear when you said what you said about?" He said, "I sent it to you so that you could sell it or give it to someone else to wear."

5504. Az-Zuhri said that Anas ibn Malik had told him that he saw Umm Kulthum, peace be upon her, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wearing a striped silk mantle.

XXX. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,  was patient with whatever clothes or mats he had

5505. 'Ubayd ibn Hunayn reported that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I spent a year wanting to ask 'Umar about the two women who helped one another against the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but I was in awe of him. One day he dismounted and went into some Arak trees, When he came out, I asked him and he said, ''A'isha and Hafsa.' Then he said, In the Jahiliyya, we did not give any importance to women. When Islam came and Allah mentioned them, we saw by that they had rights which we owed them without involving them in any of our affairs. There was some words of a dispute between my wife and I and she was harsh with me. I said to her, "Do you dare do this?" She retorted, "You say this to me when your daughter annoys the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?" I went to Hafsa and said to her, "I warn you not to disobey Allah and His Messenger." I went first to speak to her and then I went to Umm Salama and said to her, "I warn you not to disobey Allah and His Messenger." She said, "You are extraordinary, son of al-Khattab! You interfere in our affairs even to the point where you come between the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his wives!" So she rejected that.

"'There was a man of the Ansar and when he was absent from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I was present, I told him what had happened, and when I was absent from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he was present, he conveyed to me what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said or done. At that time all of those around the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had submitted to him with the sole exception of the king of Ghassan in Syria and we feared that he might attack us. I was suddenly aware of the Ansari saying, "Something has happened!" I said to him, "What is it? Has the Ghassani come?" "It is far worse than that," he answered. "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has divorced his wives." I went and found them all weeping in their rooms. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had climbed up into an upper room of his. There was a servant at the door of the room. I went to him and said, "Ask for permission for me to enter." I was given permission and went in. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on a mat which marked his side. Under his head was a leather pillow stuffed with palm fibre. There were some skins hanging up and some mimosa leaves. I mentioned what I had said to Hafsa and Umm Salama and what Umm Salama had replied to me, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, laughed. He remained there for 29 days before he came down.'"

5506. From az-Zuhri: Hind bint al-Harith reported that Umm Salama said, "One night the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, woke up and said, 'Glory be to Allah! How many afflictions have been revealed tonight and how many treasures disclosed! Who will wake up the women of the rooms (i.e. his wives for the tahajjud prayer). Many a person who is dressed in this world will be naked in the Next!'"

Az-Zuhri said, "Hind had buttons on her sleeves between her fingers."

XXXI. The supplication made for someone who puts on a new garment

5507. Umm Khalid ibn Khalid said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought some clothes which included a black cloak (khamisa). He said, 'To whom do you think that we should give this to wear?' The people were silent. He said, 'Bring me Umm Khalid.' I was brought to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he clothed me in it with his own hand. He said, 'May it wear out and have to be replaced' twice. He began to look at the design on the cloak and pointed at me with his hand and said, 'Umm Khalid! This is sana!' Sana means 'beautiful' in Abyssinian."

Ishaq said, "A woman of my family related to me that she had seen Umm Khalid wearing it."

XXXII. Men are forbidden to use saffron

5508. 'Abdu'l-'Aziz related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade men to use saffron."

XXXIII. Clothing dyed with saffron

5509. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade someone in ihram to wear a garment dyed with wars or saffron."

XXXIV. Red garments

5510. Abu Ishaq said, "I heard al-Bara' say, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was of medium height. I saw him wearing a red robe and I have not seen better than it."

XXXV. Red silk saddle cushions (mithara)

5511. Mu'awiya ibn Suwayd ibn Muqarrin reported that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded us seven: visiting the sick, following the bier, blessing the sneezer, and he forbade us to wear silk, silk brocade, qassi, istabraq silk, and red silk saddle cushions."

XXXVI. Sandals made of tanned leather and other shoes

5512. Sa'id ibn Abi Maslama said, "I asked Anas, 'Did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,  pray wearing sandals?' 'Yes,' he answered."

5513. Malik related from Sa'id al-Maqburi that 'Ubayd ibn Jurayj said to 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar, "I saw you doing four things which I did not see any of your companions doing." He asked, "What are those things, Ibn Jurayj?" He said, "I saw that you did not touch any of the corners (of the Ka'ba) except for the two Yemeni ones and I saw you wearing sandals of tanned leather (sibtiyya). I saw you dyeing your hair with yellowish colouring. I saw that when you were in Makka the people were saying the talbiya when they saw the new moon while you did not say the talbiya until the Day of Tarwiya (the 8th of Dhu'l-Hijja." 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "Regarding the corners, I only saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, touch only the two Yemeni corners (of the Ka'ba). As for the tanned sandals, I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wearing hairless sandals and doing wudu' in them, so I like to wear them. As for dyeing the hair, I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, dyeing his hair with henna and so I like to dye with it. As for the talbiya, I did not see the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, doing talbiya until his mount set out for hajj."

5514. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade that someone in ihram wear a garment dyed with saffron or wars. He said, 'If someone does not have sandals, he can wear leather socks and should cut them below the ankles."

5515. Jabir ibn Zayd related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If someone does not have a waist-wrapper, he should wear trousers. If someone cannot find sandals he should wear leather socks."

XXXVII. One should put on the right sandal first

5516. Masruq was heard to relate that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, liked to start with the right in purification, combing his hair and putting on his shoes."

XXXVIII. Removing the left sandal first

5517. Al-A'raj related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When one of you puts on his sandals, he should begin with the right and when you remove them, remove the left first. It is better to put on the right first and that it be the last you remove."

XXXIX. Not walking in one sandal

5518. Al-A'raj related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "None of you should walk in one sandal. He should remove both of them or wear both."

XL. Two straps on a sandal and the one who thought that one strap was enough

5519. Qatada reported from Anas that the sandals of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had two straps.

5520. 'Isa ibn Tahman said, "Anas ibn Malik brought out for us a pair of sandals with two straps. Thabit al-Bunani said, 'These are the sandals of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'"

XLI. A red leather tent

5521. 'Awn ibn Abi Juhayfa reported that his father said, "I came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,while he was in a red leather tent. I saw Bilal take the leftover wudu' water of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the people were raced one another to get the wudu' water. If someone got some of it, he wiped it on himself. Those who did not get any of it took some of the moisture from the hand of his companion."

5522. Ibn Shihab related that Anas ibn Malik said. "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent for the Ansar and gathered them in a leather tent."

XLII. Sitting on mats and the like

5523. Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made an enclosure with a mat where he prayed at night, and in the day he would spread it out and sit on it. People would come to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and follow his prayer until they became numerous. Then he turned to face them and said, 'People, do those actions which you are capable of. Allah does not grow weary until you grow weary. The actions which Allah loves the most are those which are constant, even though they are few."

XLIII. Garments with gold buttons

5524. Ibn Abi Mulayka related that al-Miswar ibn Makhrama related that his father Makhrama said, "My son, I have heard that some cloaks have come to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he is distributing them. Let us go to him." He said, "We wet and found that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in his house. He said to me, 'My son, call the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for me.' I found that something terribly difficult and said, 'Shall I call the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for you?' He said, 'My son, he is not a tyrant.' So I called to him and he came out wearing a cloak of brocade with gold buttons and said, 'Makhrama, we have kept this for you!' He gave it to him."

XLIV. Gold rings

5525. Mu'awiya ibn Suwayd ibn Muqarrin was heard to relate that he heard al-Bara' ibn 'Azib say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade us to do seven things. He forbade us gold rings, silk, istibraq silk, silk brocade, red silk saddle cushions, qassi and silver utensils. He instructed us to do seven: visit the sick, join funeral processions, bless people who sneeze, return the greeting, accept the invitation, fulfil oaths and help the wronged."

5526. Bashir ibn Nahik related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade wearing gold rings."

A similar isnad.

5527. Nafi' related from 'Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wore a gold ring with its bezel facing towards his palm and so people started doing that. Then he threw it away and wore a silver ring.

XLV. Silver rings

5528. Nafi' related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah,  may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a ring of gold or silver and wore it with the bezel towards his palm. Engraved on it was: 'Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.' People started to wear rings like it. When he saw them adopting that, he threw it away and said, 'I will never wear it.' Then he wore a silver ring and people started wearing silver rings. Ibn 'Umar said, "Abu Bakr wore the ring after the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and then 'Umar and then 'Uthman until it fell off 'Uthman into the well of Aris.

[Aris is a garden near the Quba' Mosque in Madina.]

5529. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to wear a gold ring and then he threw it away and said, 'I will never wear it.' So people threw away their rings."

5530. Ibn Shihab related from Anas ibn Malik that he saw a silver ring on the hand of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, one day and then people made rings from silver and wore them. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, threw away his ring and the people threw away their rings."

Ibrahim ibn Sa'd, Zayd, and Shu'ayb corroborated it from az-Zuhri.

Ibn Musafir related that az-Zuhri said, "I think that the ring was made of silver."

XLVI. The bezel of the ring

5531. Humayd reported, "Anas was asked, 'Did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, have a ring?' He answered, 'One night he delayed the 'Isha' prayer until the middle of the night. Then he came to us facing us and I can visualise the flash of his ring. He said, 'The people have prayed and gone to sleep. You are in the prayer as long as you are waiting for it.'"

5532. Mu'tamir heard Humayd relate from Anas that the ring of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was made of silver as was its bezel."

Yahya ibn Ayyub said that Humayd reported from Anas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace...

XLVII. Iron rings

5533. It is related that Sahl said, "A woman came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'I have come to give myself to you.' She stood for a long time in which he looked carefully at her. When she had remained for a long time, a man said, 'If you have no need of her, then marry her to me.' He asked, 'Do you have anything to give her as dowry?' 'No,' he answered. He said, 'Look.' The man went and came back and said, 'Messenger of Allah, I did not find anything.' He said, 'Go and search, even if it is a iron ring.' He went and came back and then said, 'by Allah, I did not find anything. not even an iron ring.' He was wearing a waist-wrapper but had not cloak. He said, 'I will give her my waist-wrapper as dowry.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If she wears your waist-wrapper, you will have none of it, and if you wear it, she will have none of it.' The man went aside and sat down. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw him turning to leave and ordered that he be called. He asked, 'What do you know of the Qur'an?' He said, 'Sura such-and-such and such-and-such,' and he named a number of suras. He said, 'I have married her to you for what you know of the Qur'an.'"

XLVIII. Engraving the signet ring

5534. Qatada related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to write to a group or some people of the non-Arabs. He was told, 'They will not accept a letter unless it is sealed." So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had made a silver ring on which was engraved, "Messenger of Allah is the Messenger of Allah." "I can visualise the flash of it (or the flash of the ring) on the finger of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, (or in his palm)."

5535. Nafi' related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a silver ring which he wore on his hand. Then afterwards it was worn by Abu Bakr and then after that by 'Umar and then by 'Uthman until it fell into the well of Arish. On it was engraved, 'Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.'"

XLIX. Wearing the ring on the little finger

5536. 'Abdu'l-'Aziz ibn Suhayb related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a ring made and said, 'We have had a ring made and engraved something on it which none of you should engrave on it." Anas said, "I saw the glint of his ring on his little finger."

L. Using a ring for sealing something or for using it to write to the People of the Book and other people

5537. Qatada related that Anas ibn Malik said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to write to the Byzantines, he was told, 'They will not read your letter if it is not sealed.' So he had a ring made from silver which was engraved with 'Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah'. I can still visualise its shine on his hand."

LI. The one who wore the bezel of his ring facing his palm

5538. Nafi' related that 'Abdullah reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a gold ring made and turned its bezel towards his palm when he wore it. People started to have gold rings made. So he went up the minbar and praised and lauded Allah and then said, "I had it made, but I will never wear it again." He threw it away and then the people threw theirs away."

Juwayriya said, "I think that he said that it was on his ring hand."

LII. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "One should not have engraved on his ring..."

5539. 'Abdu'l-'Aziz ibn Suhayb related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a ring made of silver and engraved on it 'Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." He said, 'I have had a silver ring made and engraved on it 'Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah'. No one should engrave that on his ring.'"

LIII. Can the engraving on the ring be done in three lines?

5540. Thumama related from Anas that when Abu Bakr became khalif, he wrote to him, and the engraving on the sealing ring had three lines: 'Muhammad' on one line, 'Messenger' on one line and 'Allah' on one line."

Thumama also reported that Anas said, "The ring of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was worn on his hand, then on the hand of Abu Bakr after him, and then on the hand of 'Umar after him. While 'Uthman [was khalif], he sat at the well of Aris and removed the ring and began to fiddle with it and it dropped. We continued with 'Uthman for three days and drained the well but did not find it.'"

LIV. Women wearing rings

'A'isha had gold rings

5541. Tawus related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I was present at the 'Id with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he prayed before the khutba."

Abu 'Abdullah said, "Ibn Wahb added from Ibn Jurayj, "The women began to throw their large and small rings into Bilal's garment."

LV. Necklaces and bead necklaces for women

Sihhab is a necklace made of naturally perfumed beads.

5542. Sa'id ibn Jubayr related from Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out on the Day of the 'Id and prayed two rak'ats and did not pray two before or after it. Then he went to the women and told them to give sadaqa and a woman began to give their earrings and necklaces."

LVI. Borrowing necklaces

5543. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "A necklace belonging to Asma' was lost and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set some men to look for it. The time of prayer came and they were not in wudu' and could not find any water. So they prayed while they were not in wudu'. They mentioned that to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Ayat of Tayammum was revealed."

'Urwa added from 'A'isha that she had borrowed it from Asma'.

LVII. Earrings for women

Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded them to give sadaqa. I saw them reaching for their ears and necks [for their jewellery]."

5544. Sa'id related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed two rak'ats on the Day of the 'Id and did not pray anything before or after it. Then he went to the women with Bilal. He commanded them to give sadaqa and the women began to throw their earrings.

LVIII. Bead necklaces for children

5545. Nafi' ibn Jubayr related that Abu Hurayra said, "I was with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in one of the markets of Madina. He left and so did I. Then he asked three times, 'Where is the small boy?' He said, 'Call al-Hasan ibn 'Ali. Al-Hasan ibn 'Ali got up and came walking wearing a bead necklace. The Allah gestured with his hand like this and al-Hasan did the same. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, embraced him and said, 'O Allah, I love him, so love him and love whoever loves him!'"

Abu Hurayra said, "After the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said what he said, none has been more beloved to me than al-Hasan ibn 'Ali."

LIX. Men who make themselves look like women and women who make themselves look like men.

5546. 'Ikrima related that Ibn 'Abbas, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed effeminine men and masculine women."

'Amr corroborated it from Shu'ba.

LX. Expelling effeminate men from houses

5547. 'Ikrima related that Ibn 'Abbas, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed effeminate men and masculine women and said, 'Expel them from your houses.'" He said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, expelled so-and-so and 'Umar expelled so-and-so.'"

5548. 'Urwa related from Zaynab bint Abi Salama that Umm Salama told her that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was with her when there was an effeminate man with her. He said to 'Abdullah, the brother of Umm Salama, "'Abdullah, if Ta'if is conquered by you tomorrow, I will direct you to the daughter of Ghaylan who has four folds facing you and eight with her back to ." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not let these people enter your houses."

Abu 'Abdullah said that it means four folds of fat on her abdomen and eight behind, i.e. the ends of those four folds because they encircle the sides and meet and so they are called eight.

LXI. Trimming the moustache

Ibn 'Umar used to trim his moustaches so that the whiteness of his skin could be seen, and he would remove what is these two, i.e. between the moustache and the beard.

5549. Al-Makki reported from Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Trimming the moustache is part of the fitra (natural form)*."

[*Fitra: the ancient custom which the Prophets adopted and on which the laws agree and so it is as it is natural and instrinic.]

5550. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related a transmission from Abu Hurayra: "The fitra consists of five (or five are part of the fitra): circumcision, shaving pubic hair, removing the hair from the armpits, clipping the nails and trimming the moustache."

LXII. Clipping the nails

5551. Nafi' related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Part of the fitra is shaving pubic hair, clipping the nails and trimming the moustache."

5552. Said ibn al-Musayyab related that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'The fitra is five: circumcision, shaving pubic hair, trimming the moustache, clipping the nails, and removing hair from the armpits.'"

5553. Nafi' related from Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Be different from the idolaters. Have full beards and shorten the moustache." When Ibn 'Umar went on hajj or 'umra, he use to hold his beard and cut whatever was longer than it."

LXIII. Letting the beard grow

"'Afu" (7:95) means, "To become numerous and have a lot of property."

5554. Nafi' reported that Ibn 'Umar said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Cut the moustache and let the beard grow."

LXIV. What is said about white hair

5555. Ayyub related that Muhammad ibn Sirin said, "I asked Anas, 'Did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, use henna?' He answered, 'He only had a few grey hairs.'"

5556. Thabit said, "Anas was about the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, dyeing his hair and he said, 'He did not have enough grey hair to dye it. If I wished, I could have counted the grey hairs in his beard."

5557. Isra'il related that 'Uthman ibn 'Abdullah ibn Mawhab said, "My people sent me with a cup of water to Umm Salama (Isra'il put three fingers together indicating the size) for the container in which was one of the hairs of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When someone was afflicted by the Evil Eye or something, he would send a container to her. I looked in the bell-like vessel and saw some red hairs."

5558. Sallam reported that 'Uthman ibn 'Abdullah ibn Mawhab said, "I visited Umm Salama and she produced for us some dyed hairs of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

It is reported from Ibn Wahb that Umm Salama showed him the red hair of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

LXV. Dyeing

5559. Abu Salama and Sulayman ibn Yasar reported from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Jews and Christians do not use hair dye, so be different from them."

LXVI. Curly hair

5560. Rabi'a ibn Abi 'Abdu'r-Rahman related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was neither very tall not short, nor pure white nor very brown. He was neither very curly-haired nor straight-haired. Revelation came on him when he was forty years old. He then stayed in Makka for ten years and in Madina for ten years. Allah took him when he was sixty and there were not twenty white hairs in his beard."

5561. Abu Ishaq heard al-Bara' say, "I did not see anyone more handsome in a red cloak than the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

One of my companions reported from Malik that the hair of the Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to hang close to his shoulders. Abu Ishaq said, "I heard him relate it more than once. He always laughed when he related it." Shu'ba said, "His hair reached his earlobes."

5562. Nafi' related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "One night I dreamt that I was at the Ka'ba. I dreamt of a man with brownish skin, like the best brownish skin you might see among men, and his hair came between his shoulders, and it was the best you might see. It was combed and dripping water. He was leaning on two men or on the shoulders of two men, doing tawaf of the House. I asked, 'Who is this?' I was told, 'The Messiah son of Maryam.' There was a man with very curly hair, blind in the right eye, which was like a protruding grape. I asked, 'Who is this?' I was told, 'The false Messiah.'"

5563. Qatada related from Anas that the hair of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reached his shoulders.

5564. Qatada related from Anas that the hair of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to reach his shoulders. [The isnad is slightly different.]

5565. Qatada said, "I asked Anas ibn Malik about the hair of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'The hair of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to hang between his earlobes and his shoulders and was slightly curely, neither straight nor very curly.'"

5566. Qatada related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had large hands and I have never seen anyone like him. The hair of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had slightly curly hair, neither very curly or straight."

5567. Qatada related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had large hands and feet and a handsome face. I have never seen anyone like him either before or after him. He had wide palms."

5568. Qatada related from Anas ibn Malik or from a man from Abu Hurayra, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had large feet and a handsome face and I have never seen his like."

Qatada related from Anas, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had large feet and palms."

Qatada related from Anas or Jabir ibn 'Abdullah, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had large palms and feet and I have never seen his like."

5569. Mujahid said, "We were with Ibn 'Abbas when they mentioned the Dajjal. He said, '"Kafir" is written between his eyes.'" Ibn 'Abbas said, "I did not hear him say that. but he did say, 'As for Ibrahim, look at your companion. As for Musa, he was a man with curly hair and brownish skin who rode a red camel with reins of fibre. I can visualise him now going down the valley saying. 'Labbayk.'"

LXVII. Gumming the hair (talbid)

5570. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I heard 'Umar say, 'Whoever braids his hair should shave [when coming out of ihram]. Do not make plaits using gum." Ibn 'Umar said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with his hair gummed."

5571. Salim related from that Ibn 'Umar said, "While the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had his hair gummed, I heard him say in talbiyya, 'At Your service, O Allah, at Your service! At Your service. You have no partner. At Your service. Praise and blessing is Yours, as is the kingdom. You have no partner.' He did not say more than those words."

5572. 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar related that Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I said, 'Messenger of Allah, why have people come out of ihram for 'umra when you have not come out of ihram for your 'umra?' He answered, 'I have gummed my hair and garlanded the sacrifices. I do not come out of ihram until I have sacrificed."

LXVIII. Parting the hair

5573 .'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to like to be in harmony with the People of the Book when he had not been commanded anything about a matter. The People of the Book let their hair hang down while the idolaters parted their hair. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to let his hair hang down and then he parted it later."

5574. Al-Aswad related that 'A'isha said, "It is as if I could visualise the gleam of the scent in the parting of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was in ihram"." 'Abdullah said, "In the parting of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace (using mafriq rater than mafariq)."

LXIX. Plaits

5575. It is related from Hushaym from Abu Bishr.

Sa'id ibn Jubayr related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I spent the night in the house of Maymuna bint al-Harith, my maternal aunt, while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was with her as it was her night. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up to pray in the night and I stood to his left. He took hold of my two plaits and put me on his right."

Abu Bishr related this and he said, "My two plaits" or "my head."

LXX. al-Qaza' (leaving the hair just on the top of the head)

5576. 'Ubaydullah ibn Hafs reported from 'Umar ibn Nafi' that Nafi', the client of 'Abdullah, heard Ibn 'Umar say, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbid qaza'."

'Ubaydullah said, "I asked, 'What is qaza'?'" 'Ubaydullah pointed for us and said, "When a boy shaves here and leaves hair here and there." 'Ubaydullah pointed put for us the forelock and sides of the head.

'Ubaydullah was asked, "Is this for girls and boys?" He answered, "I do not know. Nafi' said, 'the boy'."

'Ubaydullah said, "I asked him again and he said, 'There is nothing wrong in leaving hair at the temples and the back of the head. Qaza' is to leave the hair of the forelock and no other hair on the head or to leave it on half of the head, either side.'"

5577. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade qaza'.

LXXI. A woman applying perfume to her husband with her own hands

5578. Al-Qasim reported that 'A'isha said, "I perfumed the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with my own hand before he went into ihram, and I perfumed him at Mina before he left from there."

LXXII. Perfume on the head and beard

5579. Al-Aswad related that 'A'isha said, "I used to perfume the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with the best scent available so that I saw the gleam of the scent on his head and beard."

LXXIII. Combing the hair

5580. Az-Zuhri reported from Sahl ibn Sa'd that a man looked through a hole in the house of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was scratching his head with a iron comb. He said, "If I had known that you were looking, I would have poked you in the eye with it. Asking permission is imposed on account of looking."

LXXIV. A menstruating woman combing her husband's hair

5581. 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr related that 'A'isha said, "I used to comb the hair of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when i was menstruating."

Another isnad with the same.

LXXV. Combing starting from the right

5582. Masruq related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, liked to start with the right whenever he could when combing and doing wudu'.

LXXVI. What is mentioned about musk

5583. Ibn al-Musayyab related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Every action of the son of Adam is for himself except for fasting. It is Mine and I repay it. The changed breath in the mouth of the faster is more fragrant to Allah than the scent of musk."

LXXVII. Which perfume is recommended

5584. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "I used to perfume the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he went into ihram with the best scent that I could find."

LXXVIII. The one who did not refuse scent

5585. Thumama ibn 'Abdullah related that Anas ibn Malik did not refuse scent and claimed that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to never refuse scent.

LXXIX. Dharira (a compound perfume)

5586. 'Urwa and al-Qasim related that 'A'isha said, "I perfumed the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with dharira with my own hand during the Farewell Hajj when he went into ihram and came out of it."

LXXX. Creating gaps between the teeth for cosmetic reasons

5587. 'Alqama related that 'Abdullah said, "Allah curses women who tattoo and are tattoed, women who pluck their eyebrows, and women who file their teeth to make gaps for beauty, altering Allah's creation! Why should I not curse those the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed when that is in the Book of Allah: 'So take what the Messenger assigns you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you.' (59:7)"

LXXXI. The use of false hair

5588. It is related from Humayd ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman that he heard Mu'awiya ibn Abi Sufyan on the minbar in the year when he went on hajj. He took a lock of hair which was in the hand of a guard and said, "Where are your men of knowledge? I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbid the like of this thing. He said, 'The tribe of Israel were destroyed when their women adopted this.'"

5589. 'Ata' ibn Yasar related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah curses the woman who joins hair together and the one who has it added, and the woman who tattos and the one who has herself tatttooed.

5590. Safiyya bint Shayba related from 'A'isha that a slavegirl of the Ansar married and she became ill and her hair fell out. They wanted to add other hair to her hair and asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said, "Allah has cursed the woman who joins hair to her own and the woman who has it joined."

Ibn Ishaq corroborated it from Aban ibn Salih from al-Hasan from Safiyya from 'A'isha.

5591. Mansur ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman said that his mother reported to him from Asma' bint Abi Bakr that a woman came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "I have given my daughter in marriage and then she fell ill and her hair fell out and her husband does not like that. Can I join hair to her head?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed the woman who adds hair and the woman who has hair added.

5592. Hisham ibn 'Urwa related from his wife Fatima that Asma' bint Abi Bakr said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed the woman who joins on hair and the one has it joined on."

5593. Nafi' related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah cursed the woman who joins on hair and the one who has it joined on, and the woman who tattoos and the woman who has herself."

Nafi' said that tattooing is on the skin.

5594. 'Amr ibn Murra said that he heard Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab say, "Mu'awiya came to Madina for the last time and he addressed us. He brought out a lock of hair and said, 'I thought that no one did this except the Jews. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called it lying,' i.e. adding false fair."

LXXXII. Women who pluck their eyebrows

5595. Ibrahim related that 'Alqama said, "'Abdullah cursed women who tattoo, pluck eyebrows and created gaps in their teeth, changing the creation of Allah,' Umm Ya'qub said, 'What is this?' 'Abdullah said, 'Why should I not curse those whom the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed and it is in the Book of Allah.' She said, 'By Allah, I have read it from cover to cover and have not found it!' He said, 'Whatever the Messenger gives you you should accept and whatever He forbids you you should forgo.' (59:7)"

LXXXIII. The woman who has hair joined to her own

5596. Nafi' related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed the woman who added hair and the woman who had it added, the tattooer and the woman who had herself tattooed.

5597. Hisham related that he heard Fatima bint al-Mundhir say, "I heard Asma' say, 'A woman asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Messenger of Allah, my daughter fell ill with measles and her hair fell out. I have given her in marriage. Can I join other hair to her hair?" He answered, "Allah has cursed the one who joins on hair and the one has it joined on."'"

5598. Nafi' related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, (or the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said), 'Allah has cursed the woman who tattoos and the woman who has herself tattooed and the woman who joins on hair and the woman who has it joined on.' This means that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed them."

5599. 'Alqama related that Ibn Mas'ud said, "Allah curses women who tattoo and women who have themselves tattooed and women who make gaps in their teeth for beauty, altering the creation of Allah. Why should I not curse that which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has cursed when it is in the Book of Allah?"

LXXXIV. The woman tattooer

5600. Hammam related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The evil eye is real," and he forbade tattooing.

'Alqama related that 'Abdullah said, "I heard the like of the hadith of Mansur from 'Abdullah.

5601. 'Awn ibn Juhayfa said, "I saw my father say, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade the price for blood, the price for dogs, the one who consumes usury and the one takes it, and the woman who tattoos and the woman who has herself tattooed.'"

LXXXV. The woman who has herself tattooed

5602. Abu Zur'a related that Abu Hurayra said, "A woman who did tattoos was brought to 'Umar and he stood up and said, 'I ask you by Allah, who has heard something about tattooing from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' I stood up and said, 'Amir al-Mu'minin, I have heard.' He asked, 'What did you hear?' I said, 'I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Do not tattoo and do not have yourself tattooed.'"

5603. Nafi' related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,cursed the woman who joins hair on and has hair joined on, and the woman who tattoos and has herself tattooed."

5604. 'Alqama related from 'Abdullah [ibn Mas'ud]: "Allah curses women who tattoo and are tattooed, those who pluck their eyebrows and make gaps in their teeth for beauty, altering Allah's creation. Why should I not curse the one whom the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed when it is in the Book of Allah?"

LXXXVI. Images

5605. Ibn 'Abbas related that Abu Talha said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The angels do not enter a house where there is a dog or images."

'Ubaydullah reported that he heard Ibn 'Abbas say, "I heard Abu Talha say that he heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say..."

LXXXVII. The punishment of those who make images on the Day of Rising

5606. Al-A'mash related that Muslim said, "We were with Masruq in the house of Yasir ibn Numayr and he saw some statues on his veranda and said, 'I heard 'Abdullah say, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'The people with the worse punishment with Allah on the Day of Rising will be those who make images."

5607. Nafi' related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Those who make these images will be punished on the Day of Rising. They will be told. 'Give life to what you created.'"

LXXXVIII. Destroying images

5608. 'Imran ibn Hittan related that 'A'isha told him that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not leave anything in his house which had crosses without destroying it.

5609. Abu Zur'a said, "I entered a house in Madina with Abu Hurayra and he saw someone making figures at the top of it. He said, 'I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Who does a greater wrong than the one who tries to create like my creation? Let them create a grain. Let them create an ant."' Then he called for a basin of water and washed his arms up to his armpits. I asked, 'Abu Hurayra, is this something* you heard from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' He answered, 'The limit is where the ornaments are worn.'"

[* What is meant is bringing the water as far as the armpits. Abu Hurayra was referring to the hadith, "The ornaments of the believer will reach as far as his wudu' reaches," i.e. in the Garden.

LXXXIX. Images upon which one walks

5610. Sufyan related, "I heard 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn al-Qasim – and there was no one better than him in Madina at that time – report that his father said, 'I heard 'A'isha say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came from a journey and I had put a curtain with images up over a closet of mine. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw it, he tore it and said, 'The people with the worst punishment on the day of Rising will be those who try to do the like of Allah's creation.'" She said, 'We made it into one or two cushions.'"'"

5611. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came back from a journey and I had hung up a curtain with images on it. He told me to remove it and I did so. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I used to perform ghusl from the same container."

XC. The one who disliked sitting on images

5612. Al-Qasim related that 'A'isha purchased a cushion with some pictures on it. [She said,] "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood at the door and did not enter. I said, 'I repent to Allah for what I have done wrong.' He said, 'What is this cushion?' I replied, 'It is for you to sit on and lean on.' He said, 'The people who make these images will be punished on the Day of Rising. They will be told, "Bring to life what you created." The angels do not enter a house where there are images.'"

5613. Bukayr related from Busr ibn Sa'id from Zayd ibn Khalid that Abu Talha, the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The angels do not enter a house which contains an image."

Busr said, "Zayd then became ill and we visited him. There was a curtain with a picture on it at his door. I said to 'Ubaydullah, the stepson of Maymuna, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'Did not Zayd tell us about pictures in the past?' 'Ubaydullah said, 'Did you not hear him say, 'except for designs on a garment?'"

Another isnad from Busr from Abu Talha from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

XCI. It being disliked to pray when there are images

5614. 'Abdu'l-'Aziz ibn Suhayb related that Anas said, "'A'isha had a thin patterned curtain which she used to screen off one side of her room. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Remove this curtain of yours from our sight. Its pictures keep appearing in my prayer.'"

XCII. Angels do not enter a house in which there are images

5615. Salim related that his father said, "Jibril promised to visit the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and then he took a long time to come until that was difficult for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out and met him and complained to him about what he felt. Jibril said to him, 'We do not enter a house in which there is an image or a dog.'"

XCIII. The one who did not enter a house which contained a picture

5616. Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reported that she purchased a cushion which had images on it. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw it, he stood at the door and did not enter. I recognised dislike in his face. She said, "Messenger of Allah, I repent to Allah and to His Messenger, What sin have I done?" He answered, "What is this cushion?" She said, "I bought it so that you can sit on it and lean on it." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Those who make these imagines will be punished on the Day of Rising and they will be told. 'Bring to life what you created.'" He said, "Angels do not enter a house in which there are images."

XCIV. The one who cursed the one who made images

5617. 'Awn ibn Abi Juhayfa related that his father bought a slave who was a cupper. He said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade the price of blood, the price of dogs and the earnings of a prostitute. He cursed the one who consumes usury and the one who paid it, the woman who tattoos and the woman is tattooed and the one who makes images."

XCV. The one who makes an image will be obliged to breathe a ruh into it on the Day of Rising and will not do that

5618. Qatada said, "I was with Ibn 'Abbas when people were asking him questions. He did not mention the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, until he was asked. He said, 'I heard Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Whoever makes a figure in this world will be obliged on the Day of Rising to blow a ruh into it, and will not be able to do it."'"

XCVI. Riding behind someone on a mount

5619. 'Urwa related that Usama ibn Zayd said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, rode a donkey with a saddle on which was a saddle cloth made in Fadak and Usama was riding behind him."

XCVII. Three riders on the same animal

5620. 'Ikrima related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Makka, the lads of the Banu 'Abdu'l-Muttalib met him. He put one of them in front of him and one behind him.

XCVIII. The owner of an animal or someone else carrying someone in front of him

One of them said, "The owner of an animal is more entitled to the front of the animal unless he gives someone else permission.

5621. Ayyub related that the evil of three riding on one animal were mentioned in the presence of 'Ikrima said he said that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came with Qutham in front of him and al-Fadl behind him, or Qutham behind him and al-Fadl in front of him. Which of them was the worst or who was the best?"

XCIX. A man riding behind another man on an animal

5622. Anas ibn Malik reported that Mu'adh ibn Jabal said, "While I was riding behind the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with nothing between me and him except the back of the saddle, he said, 'Mu'adh!' 'At your service and obedience, Messenger of Allah,' I answered. Then he travelled for some time and then said again, 'Mu'adh!' I answered again, 'At your service and obedience, Messenger of Allah.' Then he travelled for some time and again said, 'Mu'adh!' 'At your service and obedience, Messenger of Allah,' I answered. He said, 'Do you know what is Allah's right on His slaves?' 'Allah and His Messenger know best,' I answered. He said, 'Allah's right on His slaves is that they should worship Him and not associate anything with Him.' Then he travelled for a time and then said, 'Mu'adh ibn Jabal!' 'At your service and obedience, Messenger of Allah,' I answered. He said, 'Do you know what is the right of the slaves on Allah if they do that?' 'Allah and His Messenger know best,' I answered. He said, 'The slaves' right on Allah is that He will not punish them.'"

C. A woman riding behind a man who is a close relative (dhu mahram)

5623. Yahya ibn Abi Ishaq said, "I heard Anas ibn Malik say, "We came from Khaybar with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I was riding behind Abu Talha as he went along. One of the wives of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was rising behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the camel stumbled. I said, "The woman!" and dismounted. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "She is your mother." I tightened the saddle and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mounted, When he was close (or when he saw Madina), he said, 'Coming back, repenting, worshipping, praising our Lord."'"

CI. Lying on one's back and putting one leg over another

5624. 'Abbad ibn Tamim related from his paternal uncle that he saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, lying down in the mosque, with one of his feet over the other.