Book of Sacrifices

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 76. Book of Sacrifices

I. The sunna of sacrifice (adhiyya)*

[*The animals sacrificed on 'Id al-Adha at the end of the hajj.]

Ibn 'Umar said that is a sunna and charity.

5225. It is related that al-Bara' said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The first thing we do on this day of ours is pray and then we go back and slaughter. Whoever does that has followed our Sunna. Whoever sacrifices before the prayer, that is just meat which he has presented to his family and it is not a hajj rite at all.' Abu Burda ibn Dinar, who had slaughtered, stood up and said, 'I have a young she-goat.' He said, 'Slaughter it, but it will not be enough for anyone after you.'"

'Amir reported that al-Bara' said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Anyone who slaughters after the prayer has completed his rite and followed the sunna of the Muslims."

5226. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If someone slaughters before the prayer, he was slaughtered for himself. If someone slaughters after the prayer, he has completed his rite and followed the sunna of the Muslims."

II. The imam distributing the sacrifices among the people

5227. It is related that 'Uqba ibn 'Amir al-Juhani said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, distributed the sacrifices between his Companions and 'Uqba got a young she-goat. I said, 'Messenger of Allah, do I get a young she-goat?' He said, 'Sacrifice it.'"

III. Sacrifices on behalf of travellers and women

5228. It is related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to her since she had menstruated at Sarif before entering Makka. She was weeping and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, "What is the matter? Have you started your period?" "Yes," she replied. He said, "This is something that Allah has decreed for the daughters of Adam, so do everything that someone on hajj does but do not do tawaf of the House." She said, "When we were at Mina, I was brought some beef and I asked, 'What is this?' They said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed a cow on behalf of his wives.'"

IV. Meat which is desired on the Day of Sacrifice

5229. Ibn Sirin related that Anas ibn Malik said, "Anyone who has sacrificed before the prayer should sacrifice again. A man stood up and said, 'This is a day when meat is desired,' and he mentioned some of his neighbours. 'I have a young she-goat which is dearer to me than the meat of two sheep.' So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave him a dispensation to sacrifice that. I do not know whether the dispensation extended to other than him or not. Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to two rams and slaughtered them and the people went to some sheep and divided them – or distributed – them."

V. The one who says that al-Adha is the Day of Sacrifice

5230. It is related from from Abu Bakra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Time has continued cyclically in the same way since the day Allah created the heavens and the earth. The year is twelve months, four of which are sacred. Three are consecutive: Dhu'l-Qa'da, Dhu'l-Hijja and al-Muharram, and there is Rajab of Mudar which is between Jumada and Sha'ban. What month is this?" We said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He was silent so that we thought that he might call it something different. He said, "Is this not Dhu'l-Hijja?" We said, "Indeed." He said, "What town is this?" We said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He was silent so that we thought that he might call it something different. He said, "Is this not the town?" We said, "Indeed." He said, "What day is this?" We said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He was silent so that we thought that he might call it something different. He said, "Is this not the Day of Sacrifice?" We said, "Indeed." He said, "Your blood and your property [Muhammad said, "And I think that he also said, 'your honour"] are sacred to you, like the sacredness of this day in this month in this place. You will meet your Lord and He will ask you about your actions. So do not revert to misguidance after I have gone, cutting each other's throats. Let those who are present convey to those who are absent. Perhaps the one to whom it is conveyed will retain it better than those who heard it." [When Muhammad mentioned it, he used to say, "The Prophet may Allah bless him and grant him peace, spoke the truth."] Then he said, "Have I not conveyed it? Have I not conveyed it?"

VI. Adha and slaughtering at the prayer place

5231. It is related that Nafi' said, "'Abdullah used to slaughter at the slaughter place." 'Ubaydullah said, "He means the slaughter place of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

5232. It is related from Nafi' that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to slaughter and sacrifice at the place of the prayer."

VII. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, slaughtered two horned rams, and it is mentioned that they were fat

Abu Umama ibn Sahl said, "We used to fatten sacrifices in Madina, and the Muslims used to fatten them."

5233. It is related that 'Abdu'l-'Aziz ibn Suhayl said that he heard Anas ibn Malik say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to sacrifice two rams. I used to sacrifice two rams.

5234. Abu Qilaba related that Anas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to two black and white horned rams and slaughtered them with his own hands."

Wuhayb corroborated it from Ayyub. Isma'il and Hatim ibn Wardan said that it from Ayyub from Ibn Sirin.

5235. It is related from 'Uqba ibn 'Amir that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave him some sheep to distribute between his Companions as sacrifices. A yearling kid remained. He mentioned it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said, 'You yourself sacrifice it.'"

VIII. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Sacrifice a young goat, but it will not be enough for anyone after you."

5236. It is related that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said, "A maternal uncle of mine called Abu Burda sacrificed before the prayer and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, 'Your sheep is just meat.' He said, 'Messenger of Allah, in my house I have a young kid.' He said, 'Slaughter it, but that will not be enough for anyone else.' Then he said, 'If someone slaughters before the prayer, he has slaughtered for himself. If someone slaughters after the prayer, he has completed his rite and followed the sunna of the Muslims."

'Ubayda corroborated it from ash-Sha'bi and Ibrahim. Waki' corroborated it from Hurayth from ash-Sha'bi. 'Asim and Dawud quoted from ash-Sha'bi, "I have a young goat." Zubayd and Firas have from ash-Sha'bi, "I have a yearling kid." Abu'l-Ahwas said that Mansur reported to him, "a young yearling goat." Ibn 'Awn said, "a young goat."

5237. It is related that al-Bara' said, "Abu Burda slaughtered before the prayer and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him, 'Do another in its place.' He said, 'I only have a young goat." (Shu'ba said, 'I reckon that he said, 'It is better than an old sheep enough for anyone after you.'"

It is related from Anas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, "a young yearling goat".

IX. The one who slaughters the sacrificial animals with his own hand

5238. It is related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, slaughtered two black and white rams. I saw him place his foot on their sides, say the Name of Allah and the takbir and then slaughter them with his own hand."

X. Someone slaughtering the sacrifice of another person

A man helped Ibn 'Umar with his camel.

Abu Musa ordered his daughters to sacrifice with their own hands.

5239. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to her at Sarif when I was weeping. He asked, 'What is the matter? Have you started your period?' 'Yes,' she replied. He said, "This is something that Allah has decreed for the daughters of Adam, so do everything that someone on hajj does but do not do tawaf of the House." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed some cows on behalf of his wives."

XI. Slaughtering after the prayer

5240. It is related that al-Bara' said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, giving a khutba and he said, 'The first thing we do on this day of ours is pray and then we go back and slaughter. Whoever does that has followed our Sunna. If someone sacrifices before the prayer, that is just meat which he has presented to his family and it is not a hajj rite at all.' Abu Burda said, 'Messenger of Allah, I slaughtered before I prayed. I have a young she-goat which is better than an old one.' He said, 'Slaughter it in its place, but it will not be enough - or fulfil it – for anyone after you.'"

XII. Whoever slaughters before the prayer should sacrifice another in its place

5241. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever slaughters before the prayer should repeat it." A man said, "This is a day when meat is desired," and he mentioned some of his neighbours. It seemed that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, excused him. He said, "I have a young she-goat which is dearer to me than the meat of two sheep." So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave him the dispensation to sacrifice that. I do not know whether the dispensation extended to other than him or not. Then the Prophet* went to two rams and slaughtered them and the people went to some sheep and slaughtered them."

5242. It is related that Jundub ibn Sufyan al-Bajali said, "On the Day of Sacrifice I was present when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Anyone who has sacrificed before the prayer should sacrifice another in its place. Anyone who has not yet sacrificed should sacrifice.'"

5243. It is related that al-Bara' said, "One day the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed and then said, 'Whoever prays our prayer and faces our qibla should not slaughter until he finishes.' Abu Burda ibn Niyar said, 'Messenger of Allah! I have already done it!' He said, 'That is something you have done before its time.' He said, 'I have a young goat which is better than two old sheep. Shall I slaughter it?' 'Yes,' he answered, 'but it will not be enough for anyone after you.'" 'Amir said, "It was the best of the two sacrifices."

XIII. Placing the foot on the side of the animal being slaughtered

5244. Qatada related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to sacrifice two black and white horned rams. He placed his foot on their sides and then slaughtered them with his own hand.

XIV. Saying the takbir when slaughtering

5245. It is related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed two black and white horned rams. He slaughtered them with his own hand. He said the Name of Allah and the takbir and placed his foot on their sides."

XV. When someone sends his sacrificial camels to be slaughtered, he has no state of ihram

5246. It is related from ash-Sha'bi that Masruq went to 'A'isha and said to her, "Umm al-Mu'minin, there is a man who sends the sacrificial camels to the Ka'ba while he remains in his city and gives instructions that his camels be garlanded and then he remains in ihram from that day people come out of ihram." He said, "I could hear her clap from behind the screen. Then she said, 'I used to plait the garlands of the sacrificial camels of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He would send his camels to the Ka'ba, but nothing was unlawful to him which is lawful for a man to do with his wife until the people returned [i.e. he did not assume a state of ihram].'"

XVI. What is eaten of the meat of sacrificial animals and provision taken from that

5247. It is related that 'Ata' heard Jabir ibn 'Abdullah say, "We used to take provisions from the meat of sacrifices in the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as far as Madina." He said more than once, "The meat of the hadys."

5248. Al-Qasim related that Ibn Khabbab heard Abu Sa'id recount that he was absent and then, when he arrived, some meat was offered to him. They said, "This is part of the meat of our sacrifices." He said, Take it away! I will not taste it!" He said, "Then I got up and went out and went to my brother Abu Qatada (they were brothers through their mother, and he was one of those who had been at Badr) and mentioned that to him, and he said, 'A command was given while you were away."

5249. Yazid ibn Abi 'Ubayd related from Salama ibn al-Akwa' that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever of you sacrifices should not still have any of it with him in his house after three days." The following year they asked, "Messenger of Allah, should we do what we did last year?" He answered, 'Eat, feed others and store it. That year the people were experiencing hardship and I wanted you to help them."

5250. It is related from 'Amra bint 'Abdu'r-Rahman that 'A'isha said, "We used to salt some of the meat of sacrifices and bring it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Madina. He said, 'Do not eat from it for more than three days.' That was not a definitive prohibition, but he wanted the people to be fed from it, and Allah knows best.'"

5251. it is related from Abu 'Ubayd, the mawla of Ibn Azhar, that he was present at the 'Id al-Adha with 'Umar ibn al-Khattab. 'Umar prayed before the khutba and then addressed the people, saying. "O people! The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade you to fast on these two 'Ids. One is the Day of Fitr, when you break your fast. The other is the day when you eat your sacrifices."

Abu 'Ubayd said, "Then I was present with 'Uthman ibn 'Affan. It was on a Friday and he prayed before the khutba and then addressed the people, saying, 'O people! This is a day in which you have two 'ids. Whoever of the people of al-'Awali* who wants to wait for Jumu'a should wait, and I have given permission to whoever wants to return."

Abu 'Ubayd said, "Then I was present with 'Ali ibn Abi Talib and he prayed before the khutba and then addressed the people, saying. 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has forbidden you to eat from the meat of your sacrifices for more than three days.'"

The like of it is related from Ma'mar from az-Zuhri from Abu 'Ubayd.

[al-'Awali: the towns next to Madina to the east.]

5252. It is related from Salim from 'Abdullah Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Eat from the sacrifices for three days." When 'Abdullah left Mina, he used to eat oil [and bread] to avoid the meat of sacrifices.