Book of Expeditions

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 67. Book of Expeditions

I: The expedition of al-'Ushayra, or 'Usayra

Ibn Ishaq said, "The first expedition which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made was al-Abwa', then Buwat, and then al-'Ushayra."

3733. It is related from Abu Ishaq, "Once I was sitting beside Zayd ibn Arqam and he was asked, 'How many expeditions did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, make?' He answered, 'Nineteen.' He was asked, 'How many times did you go on expedition with him?' He said, 'Seventeen.' I said, 'Which of them was the first?' He said, 'Al- 'Ushayra, or 'Usayra.' I mentioned it to Qatada who said, 'Al-'Ushayra.'"

II: The Prophet mentioning those who would be killed at Badr

3734. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud said, "Sa'd ibn Mu'adh was a friend of Umayya ibn Khalaf. When Umayya passed by Madina, he would stay with Sa'd and when Sa'd passed by Makka, he would stay with Umayya. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, arrived in Madina, Sa'd went to do 'umra and he stayed with Umayya in Makka. He said to Umayya, 'Look for a time when people have withdrawn so that I can do tawaf.' He took him out close to midday and Abu Jahl encountered them. He said, 'Abu Safwan, who is this with you?' He said, 'This is Sa'd.' Abu Jahl said to him, 'Do you think you can do tawaf of the Ka'ba in safety when you have given shelter to the heretics and you have stated that you will help and support them? By Allah, were it not that you were with Abu Safwan, you would not return safe to your family!' Sa'd said to him, raising his voice, 'By Allah, if you prevent me from this, I will prevent you from something which will be harder for you - travelling through Madina!' Umayya said to him, 'Sa'd, do not raise your voice to Abu'l-Hakam. He is the master of the people of the valley.' Sa'd said, 'Let me alone, Umayya! By Allah, I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say that they will kill you!' He asked, 'In Makka?' He replied, 'I do not know.' Umayya was very alarmed by that. When he returned to his family, he said, 'Umm Safwan! Do you know what Sa'd said to me?' She asked, 'What did he say to you?' He said, 'He claims that he heard Muhammad assert that they will kill me. I asked him whether it was in Makka and he said, "I do not know."' Umayya said, 'By Allah, I will not leave Makka!'

"When it was the Day of Badr Abu Jahl called out the people, 'Go and join your caravan!' Umayya did not like to go out, but Abu Jahl came to and said, 'Abu Safwan! If the people see that you have stayed behind, and you are one of the nobles of the people of the valley, they will stay behind.' Abu Jahl kept at him until he said, 'As you have overcome me, by Allah, I will buy the best camel in Makka.' Then Umayya said, 'Umm Safwan, prepare my provisions.' She said to him, 'Abu Safwan, have you forgotten what your Yathribi brother told you?' He said, 'No, but I only mean to travel a short distance with them.' When Umayya went out, he used to hobble his camel wherever he camped and he continued to do that until Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, killed him at Badr."

III: The story of the expedition of Badr

The words of Allah Almighty, "Allah helped you at Badr when you were weak so show fear of Allah, so that perhaps you will give thanks. And when you said to the believers, 'Is it not enough for you that your Lord reinforced you with three thousand angels, sent down?' Yes indeed! But if you are steadfast and godfearing and they come upon you suddenly, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand angels, clearly identified. Allah only did this for it to be good news for you and so that your hearts might be stilled by it – help comes from no one but Allah, the Almighty, the All-Wise – and so that He might cut off a group of those who reject or crush them and they might be turned back disappointed." (3:123-127)

Abu 'Abdullah said that "fawrihim" means their anger.

Wahshi said, Hamza killed Tu'ayma ibn 'Adi ibn al-Khiyear on the day of Badr."

The words of the Almighty, "When Allah promised you that one of the two parties would be yours and you would have liked it to have been the unarmed one." (8:7) "Shawka" is iron.

3735. It is related that Ka'b ibn Malik said, "I never remained behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on any expedition he went on other than the Tabuk although I did stay behind the Badr expedition, but no one who stayed behind it was blamed. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out making for the caravan of Quraysh but Allah caused them to meet their enemy without it being planned."

IV: The words of Allah Almighty:

"Remember when you called on your Lord for help and He responded to you: 'I will reinforce you with a thousand angels riding in consecutive ranks.' Allah only did this to give you good news and so your hearts would be at peace. Victory comes from none but Allah. Allah is Almighty, All-Wise. When He overcame you with sleep as security from Him and sent down water on you out of heaven to purify you and remove the taint of Shaytan from you, and to fortify your hearts and make your feet firm. When your Lord revealed to the angels, 'I am with you so make those who believe firm. I will cast terror into the hearts of those who reject, so strike their necks and strike all their finger joints!' That is because they broke with Allah and His Messenger. If anyone breaks with Allah and His Messenger, Allah is Severe in Retribution." (8:9-13)

3736. It is related that Ibn Mas'ud said, "I witnessed something from al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad which I would have rather done than anything thing else equal to it. He came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was incoking against the idolaters and said, 'We will not say what the people of Musa said: "So you and your Lord go and fight." (5:24) Rather we will right at your right and your left, before you and behind you.' I saw the face of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, shining and it, i.e. what he said, delighted him."

3737. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the day of Badr, 'O Allah, I ask you by Your pledge and Your promise! O Allah, if You wish, you will not be worshipped!' Abu Bakr took his hand and said, 'Enough.' He went out, saying, 'The assembly will be routed and turn their backs in flight.' (54:45)"

3738. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "Those of the believers who stayed behind [from Badr] are not equal with those who went out to Badr."

V: The number of the people of Badr

3739. It is related that al-Bara' said, "I and Ibn 'Umar were considered too young."

It is related that al-Bara' said, "I and Ibn 'Umar were considered too young on the day of Badr. There were about sixty Muhajirun in the Battle of Badr and about two hundred and firty Ansar."

3740. It is related that al-Bara' said, "The Companions of Muhammad , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who were present at Badr related to me that they were the same as the number of the companions of Saul who crossed the river with him. They were about three hundred and ten. By Allah, only a believer crossed with him."

3741. It is related that al-Bara' said, "We, the Companions of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to relate that the number of those who were present at Badr was the number of the companions of Saul who crossed the river with him, and only a believer crossed with him - about three hundred and ten."

3742. It is related that al-Bara' said, "We used to relate the the number of the people of Badr was about three hundred and ten, the number of the companions of Saul who crossed the river with him, and only a believer crossed with him."

VI: The Prophet invoking against the unbelievers of Quraysh: Shayba, 'Utba, al-Walid and Abu Jahl ibn Hisham, and their destruction

3743. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, faced the Ka'ba and invoked against a group of Quraysh: against Shayba ibn Rabi'a, 'Utba ibn Rabi'a, al-Walid ibn 'Utba, and Abu Jahl ibn Hisham. By Allah, I bear witness that I saw them fallen and the sun had decomposed them, for it was a hot day."

VII: The slaying of Abu Jahl

3744. It is related from 'Abdullah that he came upon Abu Jahl when he was breathing his last. Abu Jahl said, "Am I anything more extraordinary than a man you have killed?"

3745. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said...

It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Who will see what has happened to Abu Jahl?" Ibn Mas'ud went and found that he had been struck down by the two sons of 'Afra' to the point of death. He asked, "Are you Abu Jahl?" He took him by his beard and he said, "Am I anything greater than a man you have killed - or whose people have killed him?"

Ahmad ibn Yunus has, "You are Abu Jahl."

It is related that Anas £ said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Who will go and see about has happened with Abu Jahl?' So Ibn Mas'ud went and found that he had been struck down by the two sons of 'Afra' to the point of death. He asked, 'You are Abu Jahl?' He answered, 'Am I anything more than a man whose people have killed him - or - whom you have killed?'"

The like of it is related from Anas ibn Malik.

3746. It is related from the grandfather of Ibrahim ('Abdu'r-Rahman ibn 'Awf) regarding Badr, i.e. the hadith of the two sons of 'Afra'.

3747. It is related from Qays ibn 'Ubad that 'Ali ibn Abi Talib £ said, "I will be the first to kneel for the All-Merciful on the Day of Rising for the disputation." Qays ibn 'Ubad said, 'Here are two rival groups who disputed concerning their Lord.' (22:19)" He said, "They were the ones who came out to fight against each other from the ranks on the day of Badr: Hamza, 'Ali and 'Ubayda or Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Harith, and Shayba ibn Rabi'a, 'Utba ibn Rabi'a and al-Walid ibn 'Utba."

3748. It is related that Abu Dharr said, "'Here are two rival groups who disputed concerning their Lord' (22:19) was sent down about six of Quraysh: Hamza, 'Ali and Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Harith, and Shayba ibn Rabi'a, 'Utba ibn Rabi'a and al-Walid ibn 'Utba."

3749. It is related that 'Ali said, "It is about us that this ayat was sent down: "'Here are two rival groups who disputed concerning their Lord.' (22:19)"

3750. It is related from Qays ibn 'Ubad, "I heard Abu Dharr swearing, 'Those ayats were sent down about that group of six people on the day of Badr."

3751. It is related that Qays ibn 'Ubad, "I heard Abu Dharr swearing an oath, that this ayat, 'Here are two rival groups who disputed concerning their Lord' (22:19) was sent down about those who came forth to fight on the Day of Rising: 'Ali and Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Harith, and Shayba and 'Utba, sons of Rabi'a, and al-Walid ibn 'Utba."

3752. It is related from Abu Ishaq, "A man asked al-Bara' while I was listening, 'Was 'Ali present at Badr?' He replied, 'He went forth from the ranks [for single combat] and wore double armour."

3753. It is related that 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn 'Awf said, "I wrote an agreementwith Umayya ibn Khalaf. On the day of Badr," and he mentioned the killing of him and his son and how Bilal said, "I would rather die than see Umayya saved!"

3754. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recited an-Najm at Makka and did sajda in it and those with him did sajda - except for an old man, who took a handful of pebbles and brought them up to his forehead and said, 'This is enough for me.' I later saw him killed as an unbeliever."

3755. It is related that 'Urwa said, "Az-Zubayr had three sword scars: one was on his shoulder. I used to put my fingers into it." He said, "He received two wounds in the Batle of Badr and one in the Battle of Yarmuk." 'Urwa said, "'Abdu'l-Malik ibn Marwan said to me when 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr was killed, ''Urwa! Do you recognise the sword of az-Zubayr?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'What marks does it have?' I said, 'It has a dent on its edge which happened in the Battle of Badr.' He said, 'You spoke the truth. They have dents from clashing with the regiments.'" Then he returned it to 'Urwa. Hisham said, 'We valued it at three thousand. One of us took it, and I only wish that I could have been the one who took it."

It is related that Hisham's father said, "The sword of az-Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam has decorated with silver." Hisham said, "'Urwa's sword was decorated with silver."

3756. It is related that 'Urwa said, "The Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to az-Zubayr on day of the Battle of Yarmuk, 'Will you attack and we will attack with you?' He said, 'If I attack, you will fail (to attack).' They said, 'We will not do that.' So he attacked them until he pierced through their lines and went beyond them and no one was with him. Then he turned to return and they grabbed his rein and struck him two blows on his shoulder between which was the wound he had received at the Battle of Badr.'" 'Urwa said, "I used to put my fingers in those scars while playing when I was a child." 'Urwa said, "'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr was with him on that day and he was ten years old. He carried him on a horse and entrusted him to a man."

3757. It is related from Abu Talha that on the day of Badr the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had commanded that twenty-four men of the leaders of Quraysh be thrown into one of dirty stone wells of Badr. Whenever he defeated a people, he used to stay in the area for three nights. On the third day of Badr, he commanded that his she-camel be saddled and then went, followed by his Companions. They said, 'We only suppose that he is going to something of import,' and he stopped at the edge of the well and became to call them by their names and the names of their fathers, 'O so-amd-so son of so-and-so! O so-amd-so son of so-and-so! Would it have pleased you to have obeyed Allah and His Messenger?' We have found what our Lord promised us to be true? Have you found what your Lord promised you to be true?'" He said, "'Umar said, 'Messenger of Allah, are you speaking to soulless bodies?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'By the One who has the soul of Muhammad in His hand, you do not hear what I say better than they do!'"

Qatada said, "Allah brought them to life so that they could hear what he said as a rebuke, to belittle them, and for revenge, grief and regret."

3758. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said about, "those who have exchanged Allah's blessing for unbelief," (14:28) "They, by Allah, are the unbelievers of Quraysh." 'Amr said, "They are Quraysh and Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is the favour of Allah." About "They have moved their people to the abode of ruin," he says, "It is the Fire on the Day of Badr."

3759. It is related from Hisham's father, "It was mentioned in the presence of 'A'isha that Ibn 'Umar traced this to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'The dead person is punished in his grave on account of the weeping of his family.' She said, 'Ibn 'Umar, may Allah have mercy on him, forgot. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "He is punished for his wrong actions and sins while his family are weeping over him then."' She said, 'This is like what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said when he stood over the well which contained the idolaters slain at Badr and said to them, "They hear what I say." He said, "Now they know that what I used to tell them is the truth."' Then she recited, 'You will not make dead men hear' (30:52) and 'You cannot make those in the grave hear.' (35:22) She said, 'That is when they take their seats in the Fire.'"

3760. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood at the well of Badr and said, 'Have you found what your Lord promised you to be true?' Then he said, 'They hear what I am saying now.' It was mentioned to 'A'isha and she said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Now they know that what I used to tell them is the truth."' Then she recited the ayat, 'You will not make dead men hear.' (30:52)"

VIII: The excellence of those who were present at Badr

3761. It is related from Anas that Haritha was killed at Badr while still a lad. His mother came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "O Messenger of Allah, you know how dear I hold Haritha. If he is in the Garden, I will be patient and expect the reward. If the case is other than that, you will see what I will do." He said, "Woe to you!, Have you taken leaves of your senses? Is there only one Garden? There are many gardens within the Garden, and your son has obtained the Highest Paradise."

3762. It is related that 'Ali said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me, Abu Marthad al-Ghanawi, and az-Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam on horseback. saying, 'Go until you reach the meadow Khakh. There will be a woman of the idolaters bearing a the letter of Hatib ibn Abi Balta'a to the idolaters ' We reached her on her camel where the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said. We said, 'The letter!' She replied, 'We have no letter.' So we made her camel kneel and searched without seeing any letter. We said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, does not lie. You will bring out the letter or we will strip you." When she saw we were serious, she put her hand below her waist-belt and produced it. We took it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. 'Umar said, 'O Messenger of Allah, he has betrayed Allah, His Messenger and the believers. Let me strike off his head!' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'What moved you to do this?' Hatim said, 'By Allah, I only believe in Allah and His Messenger! But I wanted to have some favour with them with which Allah might protect my relatives and property. There are none of your Companions who do not have relatives by whom Allah will protect their family and property.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'He has told the truth. Do not say anything but good about him.' 'Umar said, 'O Messenger of Allah, he has betrayed Allah, His Messenger and the believers. Let me strike off his head!' He said, 'Was he not one of the people of Badr? Perhaps Allah looked down on the people of Badr and said, "Do what you like. The Garden is mandatory for you " or "I have forgiven you."' 'Umar wept and said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.'"

3763. It is related that Abu Usayd said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to us on the Day of Badr, 'When they draw near you, then you must shoot, but try to make your arrows last.'"

It is related that Abu Usayd said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told us on the Day of Badr, 'When they draw near you (i.e. overwhelm you with superior numbers), then you must shoot, but try to make your arrows last.'"

3764. It is related that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib was heard to say, "On the Day of Uhud, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, put 'Abdullah ibn Jubayr in charge of the archers. Seventy of us were struck down. On the day of Badr, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions had struck down one hundred and forty of the idolaters - seventy were captured and seventy were killed. Abu Sufyan said, 'A day which is in return for the day of Badr. Victory in war goes in turns.'"

3765. It is related from Abu Musa - I think - that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The good is that which Allah brought later, and the reward of truthfulness is what Allah gave us after the Day of Badr."

3766. It is related that 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn 'Awf said, "While I was standing in the ranks on the day of Badr, I looked to my right and my left, and there were two young boys of the Ansar, and I did not feel safe between them. One of them whispered so that his companion would not hear, 'Uncle, show me Abu Jahl.' I asked, 'What do you want of him, nephew?' He said, 'I have vowed that if I see him, I will kill him or die in the attempt.' Then the other said the like of it to me." He said, 'It would not have made me happy to be between two men in place of them. I pointed him out to them and they swooped on him like two falcons until they struck him down. They were the sons of 'Afra'."

3767. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent out ten spies and put 'Asim ibn Thabit al-Ansari, the grandfather of 'Asim ibn 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, in command of them. They proceeded until they reached Had'a, which is between 'Usfan and Makka. Their presence was reported to a branch of Hudhayl called the Banu Lihyan. About a hundred men, who were all archers, set out after them. They followed their tracks until they found where they had eaten dates which they had taken as provision from Madina. They said, 'These are the dates of Yathrib,' and they followed their tracks.

"When 'Asim and his companions perceived them, they took cover. The people surrounded them and said to them, 'Come down and give yourselves up! You have protection and assurance that we will not kill any of you!' 'Asim ibn Thabit said, 'O people! As for me, I will not come down into the protection of an unbeliever! O Allah, inform Your Prophet about us!' They shot at them with arrows and killed 'Asim. A group of three came down, accepting the offer of protection and security. They included Khubayb al-Ansari, Zayd ibn Dathina, and another man. When they had them in their power, they undid their bow-strings and tied them up. Then the third man said, 'This is the beginning of treachery! By Allah, I will not accompany you! There is a good example in these!' i.e. those who had been killed. They dragged him and tried to persuade him to accompany them but he refused. They took Khubayb and Zayd ibn Dathina and sold them after the Battle of Badr.

"The sons of al-Harith ibn 'Amir ibn Nawfal bought Khubayb. Khubayb was the man who had killed al-Harith in the Battle of Badr. So Khubayb remained a prisoner with them until they agreed to kill him.

"He asked to borrow a razor from one of the daughters of al-Harith with which to shave his private parts and she lent it to him. A son of hers went right up to him when she was not paying attention. She found him sitting on his knee and the razor was in his hand. She said, "I was so alarmed that Khubayb noticed it and said, 'Are you afraid that I will kill him? I would never do that.' She said, 'By Allah, I never saw a better prisoner than Khyubayb. By Allah, one day I found him eating from a bunch of grapes he had in his hand, when he was shackled in irons and there was no fruit in Makka.' She used to say, 'It was provision from Allah which He gave to Khubayb.' When they brought him out of the Haram to kill him in profane land, Khubayb said to them, 'Let me pray two rak'ats.' They let him pray two rak'ats. Then he said, 'By Allah, were it not that you might think that I was afraid, I would have made them longer. O Allah, reckon them one by one, every one of them and kill them one by one and do not spare any of them!' He then said:

'I do not care what manner death I die
     if I am slain as a Muslim!
That is for the sake of Allah, and if He wills,
     He can bless the joints of a torn limb!'

"Then Abu Sarwa'a 'Uqba ibn al-Harith went to him and killed him. So it was Khubayb who made the sunna for every Muslim man who is killed in detention to pray two rak'ats. He, i.e. the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, informed his Companions about them on the day they fell. When they were informed that 'Asim ibn Thabit had been killed, some of people of Quraysh sent some people to bring part of him that could be recognised. He had killed one of their great men on the Day of Badr. Allah sent over 'Asim a swarm of bees like a cloud and it protected him from their messengers and they could not cut off any part of him."

3768. Ka'b ibn Malik said, "They mentioned Murara ibn ar-Rabi' al-'Amri and Hilal ibn Umayya al-Waqifi who were two righteous men who had been present at Badr."

3769. It is related from Nafi' that it was mentioned to Ibn 'Umar that Sa'id ibn 'Amr ibn Nufayl, one who had been at Badr, had become ill on a Friday. He rode to visit him well into midmorning when Jumu'a was near, and he abandoned Jumu'a.

3770. It is related that 'Umar ibn 'Abdullah ibn al-Arqam az-Zuhri visited Subay'a bint al-Harith al-Aslamiyya to ask her about her hadith and about what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to her when she asked him for her decision [about 'idda]. 'Umar ibn 'Abdullah ibn al-Arqam az-Zuhri then wrote to 'Abdullah ibn 'Utba to inform him that Subay'a bint al-Harith had informed him that she had been married to Sa'd ibn Khawla, who was one of the Banu 'Amir ibn Lu'ayy, He was one of those who had been present at Badr. He died, leaving her a widow, in the Farewell Pilgrimage while she was pregnant. It was not long after his death when she gave birth. When she was pure, she adorned herself for suitors. Abu's-Sanabil ibn Ya'kak, a man from the Banu'd-Dar, visited her and said to her, 'Why do I see you adorned for suitors and hoping for marriage. By Allah, you will not marry until you have completed four months and ten days!' Subay'a said, 'When he said that to me, I got dressed in the evening and went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and asked him about that. He gave me a judgement that I had become lawful when I gave birth and told me to marry if I wished.'"

It is related from Muhammad ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Thawban, the client of the Banu 'Amir ibn Lu'ayy, that his father, Muhammad ibn Iyas ibn al-Bukayr, who had been at Badr, informed him..."

IX: The angels being present at Badr

3771. It is related that Rifa'a ibn Rafi' az-Zuraqi, who had been at Badr, said, "Jibril came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'How do you gauge the people of Badr among you?' He replied, 'Among the best of the Muslims,' or words to that effect. He said, 'It is the same with those of the angels who were present at Badr.'"

3772. It is related that Mu'adh ibn Rifa'a ibn Rafi' said, "Rifa'a was one of the people of Badr and Rafi' was one of the people of 'Aqaba. He used to say to his son, 'It would not make me happy to exchange being present at Badr for 'Aqaba.' He said that Jibril asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, this."

It is related from Mu'adh ibn Rifa'a that an angel asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,the like of it.

Yahya reported that he was with Yazid ibn al-Hadi on the day that Mu'adh reported this hadith to him and that Mu'adh said that the one who asked was Jibril, peace be upon him.

3773. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the Day of Badr, "This is Jibril, holding his horse's head which is decked out for war."

3774. It is related that Anas said, "Abu Zayd died and did not leave any offspring, and he had been at Badr."

3775. It is related from Ibn Khabbab that Abu Sa'id ibn Malik al-Khudri came from a journey and his family offered him some meat from the sacrifices of 'Id al-Adha. He said. 'I will not eat it until I ask about it. So he went to his maternal brother, Qatada ibn an-Nu'man, who had been at Badr, and asked him and he said, 'After you an order was given annulling what they were forbidden regarding eating the meat of the sacrifices after three days."

3776. It is related that 'Urwa said that az-Zuabyr said, "On the Day of Badr I met 'Ubayda ibn Sa'id ibn al-'As who was covered in armour so that only his eyes were visible. His kunya was Abu Dhat al-Karsh. He said, 'I am Abu Dhat al-Karsh!' I attacked him with my spear and stabbed him in his eye and he died.'" Hisham (ibn 'Urwa) said, "I was told that az-Zubayr said, 'I put my foot on him and then pulled and it required effort to remove it as both its ends were bent." 'Urwa said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked him for it and he gave it to him. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died, he took it. Then Abu Bakr asked for it and he gave it to him. When Abu Bakr died, 'Umar asked him for it and he gave it to him, When 'Umar died, he took it and then 'Uthman asked him for it and he gave it to him. When 'Uthman was murdered, it remained with the family of 'Ali. 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr asked for it and it remained with him until he was killed.

3777. It is related from 'A'idhu'llah ibn 'Abdullah that that 'Ubada ibn as-Samit, who had been present at Badr, said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Give me allegiance."

3778. It is related from 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, that Abu Hudhayfa, who was one of those who had been present at Badr with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, adopted Salim as his son and married him to his niece, Hind bint al-Walid ibn 'Uqba. Salim was the client of a woman of the Ansar. This was as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had adopted Zayd. In the Jahiliyya, when a man adopted someone as his son, the people would call him by his adoptive father's name and he would inherit from him, until Allah Almighty sent down, 'Call them after their fathers.' (33:5) Sahla went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,'" and the hadith is mentioned. (see 4800)

3779. It is related that ar-Rubayyi' bint Mu'awwidh said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited me the morning after my marriage and sat on my bed as you are sitting know. The girls were beating tambourines and chanting eulogies about their fathers on the Day of Badr. Then one girl said, 'There is a Prophet among us who knows what will happen tomorrow.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Do not say that. Say what you were saying before.'"

It is related from az-Zuhri.

3780. It is related that Abu Talha, the Companion of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who had been present at Badr with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that he said, "Angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or the picture of a living creature." He meant images of things which have souls."

3781. It is related that 'Ali said, "I received an old she-camel in my share of the booty of the Battle of Badr and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had also given me one from the khumus taken on that day. When I wanted to marry Fatima, peace be upon her, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, I arranged with a goldsmith of the Banu Qaynuqa' to travel with me. We brought some idhkhir herb which I intended to sell to the goldsmiths and use the proceeds for my wedding feast. While I was collecting gear for my camels in saddles, sacks and ropes, I left my two camels were kneeling beside the room of a man of the Ansar. I returned when I had gathered what I gathered and found my two camels with their humps cut off, their sides split open and some of their livers taken. I could not control my tears when I saw them in that state and I demanded, 'Who has done this?' They replied, 'Hamza ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib did it. He is in this room with some of the Ansar who are drinking, and there is a singing slavegirl and his friends with him. While she was singing, she said," O Hamza, get the fat she-camels!" So Hamza leapt for his sword and cut off their humps and slit open their sides and took some of their livers.'

'Ali said, "I wentin to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Zayd ibn Haritha was with him. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recognised that something had happened to me and asked, 'What is wrong with you?' I answered, 'Messenger of Allah, I have never seen such a day as today. Hamza attacked my two she-camels and cut off their humps and slit open their sides. He is in a house with some drinkers.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called for his cloak and put it on and then set out on foot, and I and Zayd ibn Haritha followed him until he reached the house where Hamza was. He asked for permission to enter and was given permission. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, began to criticise Hamza for what he had done. Hamza was drunk and his eyes were red. Hamza looked at the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and then he raised his eyes and looked at his knees, and then he raised his eyes and looked at his face. Then Hamza said, 'Are you not my father's slaves?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw that he was drunk, and so the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, withdrew, without turning his back, and left, we left with him.'"

3782. It is related from Ibn Ma'qil that 'Ali led the [funeral] takbirs over Sahl ibn Hunayf and said, "He was present at Badr."

3783. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar reported from 'Umar ibn al-Khattab that when Hafsa bint 'Umar became a widow at the death of Khunays ibn Hudhafa as-Sahmi, who was one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who had been present at Badr and died in Madina, 'Umar said, "I met 'Uthman ibn 'Affan and offered him Hafsa and said, 'If you wish, I will marry you to Hafsa bint 'Umar.' He answered, 'Let me reflect on it.' A few days later he said, 'It seems to me that I should not marry at this time.'" 'Umar said, "Then I met Abu Bakr and said, 'If you wish, I will marry you to Hafsa bint 'Umar.' Abu Bakr was silent and did not give me any reply at all, and that was more painful to me than 'Uthman's answer. Some days later the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, proposed to her and I married her to him. Abu Bakr met me and said, 'Perhaps you were pained by me when you offered me Hafsa and I did not reply to you?' I replied, 'Yes.' He said, 'I was only prevented from replying to you in your offer by the fact that I knew that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had mentioned her and I would not divulge the secret of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. If he had left her, I would have accepted her.'"

3784. It is related from Abu Mas'ud al-Badri that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "What a man spends on his family is sadaqa.'"

3785. It is related that 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr was heard relating to 'Umar ibn 'Abdu'l-'Aziz during his rule, "Al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba delayed the 'Asr prayer while he was amir of Kufa. Abu Mas'ud 'Uqba ibn 'Amr al-Ansari, the grandfather of Zayd ibn Hasan and one who had been present at Badr, had gone to him and said, 'Do you not know that Jibril and prayed and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed the five prayers? Then Jibril said, "I was commanded to do this."'" That is how Bashir ibn Abi Mas'ud related it from his father.

3786. It is related that Abu Mas'ud al-Badri said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The two ayats at the end of Surat al-Baqara protect whoever recites them at night."

'Abdu'r-Rahman said, "I met Abu Mas'ud while he was doing tawaf of the House and questioned him and he related it to me.'"

3787. It is related from Mahmud ibn ar-Rabi' that 'Itban ibn Malik, who was one of the Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and one of the Ansar who was present at Badr, came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

It is related that Ibn Shihab said, "Then I asked al-Husayn ibn Muhammad, one of the sons of Salim and one of their nobles, about the hadith of Mahmud ibn ar-Rabi' from Itban ibn Malik, and he confirmed it."

3788. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Amir ibn Rabi'a, who of the great men of the Banu 'Adi, whose father had been present at Badr with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that 'Umar appointed Qudama ibn Maz'un over Bahrayn, and he had also been present at Badr, and was the maternal uncle of 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar and Hafsa.

3789. It is related that Salim ibn 'Abdullah reported that Rafi' ibn Khadij informed 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that his paternal uncles, who had been present at Badr, had reported to him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade renting fields. I [az-Zuhri] said to Salim, "Do you rent them?" He replied, "Yes. Rafi' was too severe on himself."

3790. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Shaddad ibn al-Had al-Laythi said, " I saw Rifa'a ibn Rafi'a al-Ansari who had been present at Badr."

3791. It is related from 'Amr ibn 'Awf al-Ansari, who was an ally of the Banu 'Amir ibn Lu'ayy and who was present with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Badr, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah to Bahrayn to collect their jizya. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had made a peace treaty with the people of Bahrayn and appointed al-'Ala' ibn al-Hadrami as their governor. Abu 'Ubayda brought the money from Bahrayn and the Ansar heard of the arrival of Abu 'Ubadya which coincided with the time of the Fajr prayer with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When he had prayed Fajr with them and finished, they presented themselves before him and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, smiled when he saw them. He said, 'I think you must have heard that Abu 'Ubayda has arrived with something?' They replied, 'Yes, Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'Rejoice, and hope for what will gladden you. By Allah, I fear that this world will be spread out in front of you as it was spread out in front of those before you, and then you will vie for it as they vied for it, and it will destroy you as it destroyed them.'"

3792. It is related from Nafi' that In 'Umar used to kill all snakes until Abu Lubaba al-Badri related to him that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade killing white house snakes, and so he left them alone.

3793. It is related from Anas that some men of the Ansar asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission and said, "Allow us to forgo the ransom of our nephew 'Abbas." He said, "By Allah, you will not forgo even a dirham of it."

3794. It is related from 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Adi ibn al-Khiyar reported to him that al-Miqdad ibn 'Umar al-Kindi, who was an ally of the Banu Zuhra and one of those who had been present at Badr with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reported to him that he had said to the Messenger of Allah,  may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "What do you think if I meet a man of the unbelievers and we fight and he strikes one of my hands with his sword and cuts it off and then takes refuge from me behind a tree and says, 'I have surrendered to Allah.' Should I kill him, Messenger of Allah, after he has said that?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No, do not kill him. If you were to kill him, then he would be in your position before you killed him and you would be in his position before he said that word which he said."

3795. It is related from Anas that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the Day of Badr, "Who will see what has happened to Abu Jahl?" Ibn Mas'ud went and found that he had been struck down by the two sons of 'Afra' to the point of death. He asked, "Are you Abu Jahl?"

It is related that Anas said, "You are Abu Jahl." He said, "Is it more than a man whom you have killed - (Sulayman said,) or whose people have killed him?"

Abu Miljaz said that Abu Jahl said, "Would that it had been someone other than a farmer that killed me!"

3796. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas, "'Umar said, 'When the Prophet. may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died, I said to Abu Bakr, "Let us go to our brothers of the Ansar."' Two righteous men of them who had been present at Badr met them. I related it to 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr and he said, 'They were 'Uwaym ibn Sa'ida and Ma'n ibn 'Adi.'"

3797. It is related from Qays, "Those who had been at Badr received a stipend of five thousand yearly. 'Umar said, 'I will prefer them over those who came after them."

3798. It is related that Jubayr said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reciting Surat at-Tur in the Maghrib prayer, and that was the first time that belief settled in my heart."

3799. It is related that Junayr ibn Mut'im said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said about the captives of Badr, "If al-Mut'im ibn 'Adi had been alive and had then spoken to me on behalf of these filty ones, I would have let them go for his sake."

3800. It is related that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said, "When the first civil disturbance took place - i.e. when 'Uthman was murdered - none of those who had been at Badr was still alive. Then the second civil disturbance took place - i.e. the Battle of al-Harra, and none of people of al-Hudaybiyya were left. Then the third civil disturbance took place and it did not stop until the people were without strength."

3801. It is related from 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr, Sa'd ibn al-Musayyab, 'Alqama ibn Waqqas and 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah from the hadith of 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, and each related part of the hadith, that she said, "I went out with Umm Mistah and Umm Mistah tripped on her dress and said, 'May Mistah stumble!' I said to her, 'What you have said is bad. Would you curse a man who was present at Badr?'" and the story of the Lie is mentioned.

3802. It is related that Ibn Shihab said, "These were the expeditions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace," and he mentioned the hadith and said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, addressing them, 'Have you found the promise of your Lord to be true?"

Nafi' said that 'Abdullah said, "Some of his Companions said, 'O Messenger of Allah, are you calling on dead people?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'You do not hear what I say better than they do.'"

3803. Abu 'Abdullah said, "The sum total of those who of Quraysh who were present at Badr who had a share allotted to them was eighty-one. 'Urwa ubn az-Zubayr used to said that az-Zubayr said, 'When their shares were divided, they were a hundred. Allah knows best.'"

It is related that az-Zubayr said, "On the Day of Badr, a hundred shares were given to the Muhajirun."

X: The names of those who were among the people of Badr by the collection which was made by Abu 'Abdullah:

The Prophet, Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah al-Hashimi, may Allah bless him and grant him peace

Abu Bakr as-Siddiq

'Umar

'Uthman

'Ali ibn Abi Talib

Iyas ibn al-Bukayr

Bilal ibn Rabah, the client of Abu Bakr al-Qurashi

Hamza ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib al-Hashimi

Hatib ibn Abi Balta'a, the ally of Quraysh

Abu Hudhayfa ibn 'Utba ibn Rabi'a al-Qurashi

Haritha ibn ar-Rabi'a al-Ansari, i.e. Haritha ibn Suraqa, who was killed at Badr and was one of the scounts

Khubayb ibn 'Adi al-Ansari

Khunaya ibn Hudhafa as-Sahmi

Rifa'a ibn Rafi' al-Ansari

Rifa'a ibn 'Abdu'l-Mundhir, Abu Lubaba, al-Ansari

Az-Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam al-Qurashi

Zayd ibn Sahl, Abu Talha, al-Ansari

Abu Zayd al-Ansari

Sa'd ibn Malik az-Zuhri

Sa'd ibn Khawla al-Qurashi

Sa'd ibn Zayd ibn 'Amr ibn Nufayl al-Qurashi

Sahl ibn Hunayf al-Ansari

Zuhayr ibn Rafi' al-Ansari and his brother

'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud al-Hudhali

'Utba ibn Mas'ud al-Hudhali

'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn 'Awf az-Zuhri

'Ubayda ibn al-Harith al-Qurahi

'Ubada ibn as-Samit al-Ansari

'Amr ibn 'Awf, an ally of the Banu 'Amir ibn Lu'ayy

'Uqba ibn 'Am al-Ansari

'Amir ibn Rabi'a al-'Anazi

'Asim ibn Thabit al-Ansari

'Uwayim ibn Sa'ida al-Ansari

'Itban ibn an-Nu'man al-Ansari

Qudama ibn Maz'un

Qatada ibn an-Nu'man al-Ansari

Mu'adh ibn 'Amr ibn al-Jamuh

Mu'awwidh ibn 'Afra' and his brother

Malik ibn Rabi'a, Abu Usayd al-Ansari

Murara ibn ar-Rabi' al-Ansari

Ma'n ibn 'Adi al-Ansari

Mistah ibn Uthatha ibn 'Abbad ibn al-Muttalib ibn 'Abdu Manaf

Miqdad ibn 'Amr al-Kindi, the ally of the Banu Zuhra

Hilal ibn Umayya al-Ansari.

May Allah be pleased with all of them.

XI. Chapter: The story of the Banu'n-Nadir and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, going to them regarding the blood money of the two men, and how they meant to betray the Messenger of Allah

'Urwa said, "This happened at the beginning of the six month after the Battle of Badr and before Uhud."

The words of Allah Almighty, "It is He who expelled those who reject among the People of the Book from their homes to the first gathering-place. You did not think that they would leave." (59:2)

Ibn Ishaq puts it after Bir Ma'una and Uhud.

3804. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "Banu'n-Nadr and Qurayza fought, and so he exiled the Banu'n-Nadir and allowed Qurayza to stay, being gracious to them, until Qurayza fought again. Then he killed their men and divided up their women and children and property between the Muslims, except for some of them who reached the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who gave them security and they became Muslim. He exiled all the Jews of Madina: the Banu Qaynuqa', who were the tribe of 'Abdullah ibn Salam, the Jews of the Banu Haritha and all other Jews of Madina."

3805. It is related that Sa'id ibn Jubayr said, "I said to Ibn 'Abbas, 'Surat al-Hashr,' and he said, 'Say, Surat an-Nadir."'"

Hushaym corroborated it from Abu Bishr.

3806. It is related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say, "A man would appoint for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, come of the palm-trees until he conquered Qurayza and an-Nadir. After that, he returned them ([the amounts appointed] to them."

3807. it is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had the palm-trees of the Banu'n-Nadir burned and cut down at al-Buwayra. Then it was revealed, 'Whatever palm-trees you cut down, or left standing upright on their roots, was done by Allah's permission ' (59:5)

3808. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, burned the date-palms of the Banu'n-Nadir and cut them down at al-Buwayra. He said that Hassan said about it:

The leaders of Banu Lu'ayy found it easy
     to watch the fire spreading at al-Buwayra.

He said that Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith answered him:

May Allah make that action continue
     and let the blaze burn its neighbourhoods!
Then you will know which of us is far from it
     and you will know which of our lands will be harmed!

3809. It is is related from Malik ibn Aws ibn al-Hadathan an-Nadri that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab once summoned him. Then his chamberlain Yarfa' came to him and said, 'Will you admit 'Uthman, 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn 'Awf, az-Zubayr, and Sa'd ibn al-Waqqas who are asking to enter?' He said, 'Yes.' So he admitted them. Shortly later he then came and said, 'Will you admit 'Ali and 'Abbas?' He said, 'Yes.' When they entered, 'Abbas said, 'Amir al-Mu'minin! Judge between me and this one!' They had a disagreement about the spoils which Allah had given His Messenger from the Banu'n-Nadir. 'Ali and 'Abbas abused each other and the group said, 'O Amir al-Mu'minin! Judge between them and relieve one of the other.' 'Umar said, 'Be patient. I adjure you by Allah by whose permission the heaven and earth subsist, do you know that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "We do not leave inheritance. What we leave is sadaqa," and that he meant himself?' They answered, 'He said that.' 'Umar turned to 'Ali and 'Abbas, and said, 'I adjure you by Allah, do you know that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said that?' They both said, 'Yes.' He said, 'I will talk to you about this matter. Allah - Glory be to Him! - singled out His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for these spoils something which he did not give anyone else. He - may His mention be exalted! said, "Whatever booty from them Allah has given to His Messenger – and you spurred on neither horse nor camel in its acquisition" to His words, "Allah has power over all things." (59:6) This was specially for the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. By Allah, he did not appropriate it to your exclusion, and he did not prefer himself with it against you. He gave it to you and distributed it among you until this property remained of it. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to spent on his family the maintenance of a year from this property. Then what remained he made the property of Allah. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did that during his lifetime. Then Allah took the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr said, "I am the successor of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' So Abu Bakr took it and acted with it as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had acted, and you were there.'

"Then he turned to 'Ali and 'Abbas and said, 'You both remember that Abu Bakr acted in it as you said, and Allah knows best that in it he was truthful, pious, right-guided, following the truth. Then Allah took Abu Bakr and I said, "I am the successor of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr. I held it under my control for two years during which I acted in it as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr acted. Allah knows that I was truthful, pious, right-guided, following the truth in it. Then you two came to talk to me, and you both said the same thing and had the same case. 'Abbas, you came to me, I said to you both that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "We do not leave inheritance. What we leave is sadaqa," Then I thought it best to hand it over to you and I said, "If you wish, I will hand it over to you on the basis that you take the pledge and pact of Allah to act in it as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, acted in it and as Abu Bakr acted in it and as I acted in it since I took charge. Otherwise, do not speak to me about it," and you both said, "Hand it over to us on that basis," and I handed it over to you. So are you now seeking from me a decision other than that? By Allah by whose permission the heaven and earth subsist, I would not give a decision in it other than that until the Last Hour comes! If you are incapable of it, then give it to me and I will spare you of it.'"

He [az-Zuhri] said, "I related this hadith to 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr and he said, 'Malik ibn Aws spoke the truth. I heard 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, say, "The wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent 'Uthman to Abu Bakr to ask him for the eighth of the spoils which Allah gave to His Messenger. I opposed them and said to them, 'Will you not fear Allah? Do you not knoew that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, "We do not leave inheritance. What we leave is sadaqa," and he meant himself by that. "The family of Muhammad eat from this property."' So the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stopped after what I told them."' He said, 'This sadaqa was in the possession of 'Ali and 'Ali denied it to 'Abbas and overcame him. Then it was in the position of Hasan ibn 'Ali, then Husyan ibn 'Ali, then 'Ali ibn Husayn and Hasan ibn Hasan, who managed it in turns. It was truly the sadaqa of the Messenger of Allah*.'"

3810. It is related that 'A'isha, Umm al-Mu'minin reported that Fatima and al-'Abbas went to Abu Bakr to ask for their inheritance of his land at Fadak and his share of Khaybar. Abu Bakr said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'We do not bequeath inheritance. What we leave is sadaqa. The family of Muhammad eat from this property,' By Allah, I would prefer to be good to the relatives of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, than to be good to my own relatives.'"

XII: The killing of Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf

3811. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah was heard to say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Who will deal with Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf? He has insulted Allah and His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." Muhammad ibn Maslama stood up and said, "Messenger of Allah, would you like me to kill him?." He replied, "Yes." He said, "Give me permission to say something." He said, "Say it." So Muhammad ibn Maslama went to him and said, "This man has asked us for sadaqa and has made impositions on us, so I have come to ask you to make me a loan." He said, "By Allah, he will tire you!" He said, "We have followed him and we do not want to leave him until we see how his business will end up. We want for you to lend us one or two wasqs [of food]." ['Amr related more than once, "He did not mention 'one or two wasqs.'"] He said, "Alright, but you must leave me a pledge." They said, "What do you want?" He said, "Leave your women with me as a pledge." They said, "How can we leave our women with you as a pledge when you are the most handsome of the Arabs?" He said, "Then leave your sons with me as a pledge." They said, "How can we leave our sons with you as a pledge? One of them will be abused and it will said, 'He was pledged for one or two wasqs. This will be a shame for us. Rather we will leave our arms as a pledge with you." Sufyan said it meant weapons. He promised to come to him and he went to him at night with Abu Na'ila, Ka'b's milk brother. He invited them into the fortress and came down to them. His wife said to him, "Where are you going at this hour?" He said, "It is only Muhammad ibn Maslama and my brother Abu Na'ila." Someone other than 'Amr said that she said, "I hear a voice that seems to have blood dripping from it. He said, "It is only my brother, Muhammad ibn Maslama and my milk brother Abu Na'ila. The generous man should answer, even if he is called to an attack by night."

He said, "Muhammad ibn Maslama came in with two men." Sufyan was asked, "Did 'Amr name them?" He said that some of them named them. 'Amr said, "He brought two men with him," and other than 'Amr said, "Abu 'Abs ibn Jabr, al-Harith ibn Aws, and 'Abbad ibn Bishr." But 'Amr said, "He brought two men with him and said, 'When he comes, I will speak pull his hair and smell it. When you see that I have hold of his head, then you must strike him.'" He said once, "Then I will let you smell it." He came down to them fully clad and the smell of perfume came from him. He said, "I have never smelt a more fragrant scent than this!" Someone other than 'Amr said that he said, "I have the most skilled of Arab women in scent and the most perfect of the Arabs." 'Amr said that he asked, "Will be give me permission to smell your head?" He said, "Yes." He smelt it and let his companions. Then he said, "Will you give me permission?" and he said, "Yes." When he had a firm grip of him, he said, "Get him!" and they killed him. Then they went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and informed him.

XIII: The killing of Abu Rafi' 'Abdullah ibn Abi'l-Huqayq.

It is said that he was Salam ibn Abi'l-Huqayq who was at Khaybar. It is said that he used to live in a fortress of his in the Hijaz. Az-Zuhri said, "It was after Ka'b ibn al-Ashraf."

3812. It is related that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a group to Abu Rafi' and 'Abdullah ibn 'Atik went into his house at night while he was asleep and killed him."

3813. It is related that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent some men of the Ansar to Abu Rafi' the Jew and he put 'Abdullah ibn 'Atik in command of them. Abu Rafi' had been injuring the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and helping people against him. He was in a fortress of his in the Hijaz. When they drew near to it after the sun had set and the people were taking their herds home, 'Abdullah ibn 'Atik said to his companions, 'Stay where you are and I will go. I will try to deceive the gatekeeper and get in.' He advanced until he was near the gate and then he covered himself with his garment as if he was relieving himself. The people went in and the gatekeeper called, 'O slave of 'Abdullah! if you want to come in, then come in! I want to close the gate.' 'So I went in and concealed myself. When the people went in, he locked the gates and then hung the keys on a peg.' He said, 'I went to the keys and took them and opned the gate. Some people with talking with Abu Rafi' while he was in some high rooms of his. When the people he was conversing with left him, I climbed up to him and whenever I opened a door, I would close it from the inside. I said, "If the people learn of me, they will not get to me before I have killed him." I reached him and he was in a dark room in the midst of his family. I did not know where he was in the room, so I said, "Abu Rafi'!" He said, "Who is it?" I made for the voice and struck him a blow with the sword. I was confused and did not finish him and he shouted. I left the room and waited a short while and then went into him and said, "What is this voice, Abu Rafi'?" He said, "Woe to your mother! A man in the house has struck me with a sword!"' He said, 'Then I struck him forcefully but did not kill him. Then I placed the point of the sword on his belly until it reached his back. Then I knew that I had killed him and I began to open the doors one by one until I reached his staircase and put my foot down, thinking that I had reached the ground, and I fell in the moonlit night and broke my leg. I bound it with a turban and proceeded until I sat at the gate. I said, "I will not go out tonight until I knew that I have killed him." When the cock crowed, someone stood on the wall and said, "I announce the death of Abu Rafi', the merchant of the people of the Hijaz!" Then I went to my companions and said, "Let's save ourselves! Allah has killed Abu Rafi'!" I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and reported it to him and he said, "Stretch out your leg." I stretched out my leg and he rubbed it and it was as if there had never been anything wrong with it.'"

3814. It is related that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,sent 'Abdullah ibn 'Atik and 'Abdullah ibn 'Uqba with some people to Abu Rafi'. They went until they were near the fortress and 'Abdullah ibn 'Atik said to his companions, 'Stay until I go and have a look.' He said, 'I played a trick to enter the fortress.' They had lost a donkey of theirs.' He said, 'They came out with a torch to look for it.' He said, 'I was afraid that they would recognise me, so I wrapped up my head as if I were relieving myself. Then the gatekeeper called, "Whoever wants to come in, should come in before I close it!" So I went in and concealed myself in the donkey-stall at the gate. They had supper with Abu Rafi' and conversed late into the night.. Then they returned to their houses. When the voices were still and I did not hear any movement, I came out.' He said, 'I had seen the gatekeeper put the key to the fortress in a hole and I took it and opened the gate with it.' He said, 'I said, "If they discover me, I will escape easily." Then I went to the doors of their rooms and locked them from the outside. Then I climbed up to Abu Rafi' on a ladder. It was a dark house and the lamp had been extinguished. I did not know where the man was. So I said, "Abu Rafi'!" He said, "Who is it?"' He said, 'I directed myself towards the voice and struck him and he shouted and I did not finish the thing.' He said, 'Then I came as if I was going to help him and, changing my voice, I said, "What is wrong with you, Abu Rafi'?" He said, "Are you not amazed? Woe to your mother! A man has come in to me and struck me with a sword!"' He said, 'I directed myself at him again and struck him again and it did not accomplish anything. He shouted and his wife got up."' He said, 'I then came with my voice changed as if I was a helper and he was lying on his back and I placed my sword on his belly and then pressed on it until I heard the sound of bone. Then I went out in confusion until I reached the ladder. I meant to go down it, but I fell from it and silocated my leg. I bandaged it and then went limping to my companions, I said, "Go and inform the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I will not leave until I hear the death announcer." At the beginning of morning, the death announcer climbed up and said, "I announce the death of Abu Rafi'."' He said, "I got up and walked without any defect until I caught up to my companions before they came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I gave him the good news.'"

XIV: The expedition of Uhud

The words of Allah Almighty, "Remember when you left your family early in the day to arrange the believers in their battle stations. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing." (3:121)

And His words, may His mention be exalted, "Do not give up and do not be downhearted. You shall be uppermost if you are believers. If you have received a wound, they have already received a similar wound. We deal out such days to people turn by turn, so that Allah will know those who believe and can gather martyrs from among you. Allah does not love wrongdoers. And so that Allah can purge those who believe and wipe out the rejectors. Or did you imagine that you were going to enter the Garden without Allah knowing those among you who had struggled and knowing the steadfast? You were longing for death before you met it. Now you have seen it with your own eyes." (3:139-143)

His words, "Allah fulfilled His promise to you when you were slaughtering them by His permission. But then you faltered, disputing the command, and disobeyed after He showed you what you love. Among you are those who want this world and among you are those who want the Next World. Then He turned you from them in order to test you – but He has pardoned you. Allah possesses favour for the believers." (3:152)

The words of the Almighty, "Do not suppose that those killed in the Way of Allah are dead. " (2:169)

3815. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the Day of Badr, "This is Jibril, holding his horse's head which is decked out for war."

3816. It is related from 'Uqba ibn 'Amir that Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and prayed over those killed at Uhud eight years after the battle as if he was bidding farewell to the living and the dead. Then he stepped up onto the minbar and said, "I am going ahead of you and I am a witness over you. Your meeting-place with me is the Basin. I am looking at it from where I am. I do not fear for you that you will associate others with Allah. I fear this world for you and that you will vie with each other for it." He said, "It was the last time I looked at the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

3817. It is related that al-Bara' said, "On the day we met the idolaters, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, placed the archers and put 'Abdullah in charge of them: 'Do not leave. Even if you see that we have defeated them, do not leave. If you see that they have defeated us, do not leave.' When we met them, they fled until I saw the woman running towards the mountain, They defeated them and, by Allah, I saw the woman running with their legs and anklets showing. They began to say, 'Booty! Booty!' 'Abdullah said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made me promise that you would not leave.' They refused. When they refused, they were confused about which way to go and seventy were struck down. Abu Sufyan looked down and said, 'Is Muhammad among the people?' He said, 'Do not answer him.' Then he said, 'Is the son of Abu Quhafa among the people?' He said, 'Do not answer him.'. Then he said, 'Is the son of al-Khattab among the people?' Then he said, 'Those have been killed. If they had been alive, they would have answered.' 'Umar could not restrain himself and said, 'By Allah, you have lied, enemy of Allah! All of those you numbered are among the living! That which will vex you remains!' Abu Sufyan said, ''Hubal be high!' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Answer him!' They said, 'What shall we say?' He said, 'Say: "Allah is Higher and More Majestic."' Abu Sufyan said, We have al-'Uzza and you have no 'Uzza.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Answer him!' They said, 'What shall we say?' He said, 'Say: "Allah is our Protector and you have Protector."' Abu Sufyan, 'A day which is in return for the day of Badr. Victory in war goes in turns. You will find some of the people mutiliated. I did not order it, but it does not vex me.'"

3818. It is related that Jabir said, "Some people took wine on the morning of Uhud and then were killed as martyrs."

3819. It is related that Ibrahim said, "One day 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn 'Awf was brought his food while he was fasting and he said, 'Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr was killed and he was a better man than I and he was shrouded in a cloak. If his head was covered, his feet showed, and if his feet were covered, his head showed." I saw him say, "Hamza was killed and he was a better man than I. Worldly goods have been opened up to us - or he said, "We have been given of this world, - and we fear that our good deeds have been brought forward for us." Then he started to weep to the extent that he neglected his food."

3820. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "A man said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the day of Uhud, 'Where do you think that I will be if I am killed?' He said, 'In the Garden.' So he threw away some dates that were in his hand and then fought until he was killed.'"

3821. It is related that Khabbab ibn al-Aratt said, "We emigrated with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for the sake of Allah and our reward was mandatory and in the hands of Allah. Some of us died, or left, without tasting any of his reward, and one of them was Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr. He was killed on the day of Uhud and we did not find anything to shroud him with except for a cloak. When we covered his head with it, his feet stuck out, and when we covered his feet, his head stuck o ut. So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to us, 'Cover his head and put idhkhir-herb on his feet,' or he said, 'Throw some idhkhir-herb on his feet.' Some of us had its fruit ripen and plucked it.

3822. It is related that Anas said, "My uncle missed the fighting at Badr and said, 'I missed the first battle of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. If Allah gives me the opportunity to be present with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, Allah will see what I shall do!' He met the Day of Uhud. When the people were routed, he said, 'O Allah, I apologise to You for what these people have done (i.e. the Muslims) and I declare myself innocent to You of what the idolaters have done.' Then he went forward with his sword and met Sa'd ibn Mu'adh. He said, 'Where to, O Sa'd! I smell the fragrance of the Garden from below Uhud!' He proceeded and was slain. He could not be recognised until his sister recognised a mole - or his fingertips. He had about eighty wounds, sword thrusts or spear stabs or arrows."

3823. It is related that Zayd ibn Thabit said, "When we copied out the copies of the Qur'an and I missed one ayat of Surat al-Ahzab which I used to hear the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recite. We looked for it and found it with Khuzayma ibn Thabit al-Ansari. It is: 'Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah.' So we joined it to its sura in the copy of the Qur'an."

3824. It is related that Zayd ibn Thabit said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to Uhud, some of the people who set out with him turned back. The Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, fell into two groups. One group said, 'We will fight them,' and one group said, 'We will not fight them.' So it was revealed, 'Why is it that you have become two parties regarding the hypocrites, when Allah has returned them to unbelief for what they did?' (4:88) The Prophet, 'It expels men as fire expels the impurities of iron.'"

XV: "And when two of your clans were on the point of losing heart and Allah was their Protector. Let the believers put their trust in Allah." (3:122)

3825. It is related that Jabir said, "This verse, 'Remember two of your partners meditated cowardice,' was sent down about us, the Banu Salima and the Banu Haritha. I would not have liked that it not have sent down when Allah says, 'But Allah was their protector.'"

3826. It is related that Jabir said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Are you married?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'A virgin or a woman who was married previously?' I said, 'A woman who was married previously.' He said, 'Why not a virgin who could play with you?' I said, 'Messenger of Allah, my father was killed at Uhud and left nine daughters. I did not like to marry an inexperienced girl like them, but rather a woman who could comb their hair and take care of them.' He said, 'You are right.'"

3827. It is related from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah that his father was marytred on the day of Uhud and left debts and left six daughter. When it was time to harvest the dates, he said, "I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'You know that my father was martyred on the day of Uhud and left many debts and I would like for the creditors to see you.' He said, 'Go and put every type of date in a different place.' I did that and then called him. When they saw them, they immediately began to press me, When he saw what they were doing, he walked around the greatest pile of dates three times and then sat over it and said, 'Call your companions for me.' He continued to weigh for them until Allah paid the debts of my father. I would have been satisfied that Allah had settled the debts of my father and I had not a single date to take back to my sisters. But Allah saved all the heaps, and I even looked at the heap where the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had been and it was as if it had not been decreased by a single date."

3828. It is related that Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of Uhud and two men were with him fighting for him. They were wearing white clothes, and fighting as fiercely as possible. I never saw them before or after."

3829. It is related that Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, turned out his quiver of arrows for me on the Day of Uhud and said, 'Shoot, may my father and mother be your ransom.'"

3830. It is related that Sa'd said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned both his parents for me on the Day of Uhud [i.e. saying, "May my father and mother be your ransom."]."

3831. It is related that Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned both his parents for me on the Day of Uhud," i.e. when he said, "May my father and mother be your ransom." while he was fighting.

3832. It is related that 'Ali said, "I did not see the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saying, 'May my father and mother be your ransom' to any man except Sa'd."

3833. It is related that 'Ali said, "I did not see the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saying, 'May my father and mother be your ransom' to any man after Sa'd ibn Malik. I heard him say on the Day of Uhud, 'Shoot, may my father and mother be your ransom!'"

3834. It is related that Abu 'Uthman stated, "In one of the battles in which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was fighting, only Talha and Sa'd remained with him as they related."

3835. It is related that as-Sa'ib ibn Yazid said, "I accompanied Talha ibn 'Ubaydullah, Sa'd, al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad and 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Awf and I did not hear any of them relate from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, except that I heard Talha reporting about the Battle of Uhud."

3836. It is related that Qays said, "I saw the hand of Talha with which he protected the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and had become paralysed."

3837. It is related that Anas said, "On the Day of Uhud, the people were routed and fled, leaving the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Abu Talha was in front of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was shielding him with his shield. Abu Talha was an archer with a strong bow-arm. On that day he broke two or three bows. If a man passed by with a quiver of arrows, he would say, 'Put them out for Abu Talha.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, began to look over at the people and Abu Talha would say, 'O Prophet of Allah, may my mother and father be your ransom, do not look over lest one of the arrows of the people strike you! My upper chest is in front of yours!' I saw 'A'isha bint Abi Bakr and Umm Sulaym with their skirts rolled up so that I could see their anklets, hurrying with the waterskins on their backs. Then they would pour the water in the mouths of the the people and then go back to fill them up and then come back and pour it in the mouths of the people. Abu Talha's sword fell from is hand two or three times."

3838. It is related that 'A'isha said, "On the Day of Uhud when the idolaters were defeated, Iblis, may Allah's curse be on him, shouted, 'O slaves of Allah! Watch your backs!Õ'and the first of them turned back to fight the last of them. Hudhayfa looked, and there was his father, al-Yaman, and he cried out, 'O slaves of Allah! My father! My father!'" She said, "By Allah, they did not leave him until they had killed him. Hudhayfa said, 'May Allah forgive them.Õ''Urwa said, 'Hudhayfa continued to pray for good regarding it until he met Allah, the Mighty and Exalted.'"

Basura is to know, from having basîra (insight) in a matter, and absara comes from direct sight with the eye. It is also said that basura and absara are the same.

XVI: The words of Allah Almighty, "Those of you who turned their backs on the day the two armies clashed – it was Shaytan who made them slip for what they had done. But Allah has pardoned them. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, All-Forbearing." (3:155)

3839. It is related that 'Uthman ibn Mawhab said, "A man Egypt came and made the pilgrimage to the House. He saw some people sitting and said, 'Who are those seated people?' They said, 'Those are Quraysh.Õ He asked, 'Who is the old man?' They answered, 'Ibn 'Umar.Õ'He went to him and said, 'I would ask you about something. Will you tell me? I adjure you by the sacredness of this House, do you know that 'Uthman ibn 'Affan fled on the Day of Uhud?Õ He said, 'Yes.Õ He said, 'Do you know that he was absent from Badr and not present at it?Õ He replied, 'Yes.Õ He said, 'Do you know that he was failed to attend the Pledge of Ridwan and was not present at it?Õ He replied, 'Yes.Õ The man said, 'Allah is greater!' Ibn 'Umar said, 'Let me now inform you and explain to you what you asked about. As for his fleeing from Uhud, I testify that Allah pardoned him and forgave him. As for being absent from Badr, he was married to the daughter of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who was ill and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, "You will have the reward and share of a man who was present at Badr." As for his being absent from the Pledge of Ridwab, if there had been anyone dearer than 'Uthman in the valley of Makka, he would have sent him in his place. He sent 'Uthman and the Pledge of Ridwan took place after 'Uthman had gone to Makka. Therefore the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said of his right hand, "This is the hand of 'Uthman," and struck it against his other hand and said, "This is for 'Uthman." Take this with you now.'"

XVII: "Remember when you were scrambling up the slope, refusing to turn back for anyone, and the Messenger was calling to you from the rear. Allah rewarded you with one distress in return for another so you would not feel grief for what escaped you and what assailed you. Allah is aware of everything you do." (3:153)

3840. It is related that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib was heard to say, "On the Day of Uhud, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, put 'Abdullah ibn Jubayr in charge of the infantry.They were defeated, and that is, 'the Messenger in your rear was calling you back.'"

XVIII: Chapter:

"Then He sent down to you, after the distress, security, restful sleep overcoming a group of you. Whereas another group became prey to anxious thoughts, thinking other than the truth about Allah – thoughts belonging to the days of ignorance – saying, 'Do we have any say in the affair at all?' Say, 'The affair belongs entirely to Allah.' They are concealing things inside themselves they do not disclose to you, saying, 'If we had only had a say in the affair, none of us would have been killed here in this place.' Say, 'Even if you had been inside your homes, those people for whom killing was decreed would have gone out to their place of death.' So that Allah might test what is in your breasts and purge what is in your hearts. Allah knows what the hearts contain." (3:155)

3841. It is related that Abu Talha said, "I was one of those overcome by slumber on the Day of Uhud so that my sword fell from my hand several times, and then I would pick it up and it would fall and I would pick it again."

XIX: "You have no part in the affair. Either He will turn to them or He will punish them, for they are the wrongdoers." (3:128)

Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, received a face wound on the Day of Uhud and he said, 'How can a people prosper who injure their Prophet's face?' and it was sent down, 'Not for thee, (but for Allah), is the decision.'"

3842. It is related from Salim's father that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say when he raised his head from the first rak'at of Fajr, "O Allah, curse so-and-so, so-and-so, and so-and-so" after he said, "Allah hears whoever praises Him. Our Lord, praise is Yours." Then Allah sent down, "You have no part in the affair. Either He will turn to them or He will punish them, for they are the wrongdoers." (3:128)

XX: Concerning Umm Salit

3843. It is related from Tha'laba ibn Abi Malik that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab divided up some garments among some of the women of Madina. One excellent garment remained and one of those with him said, "Amir al-Mu'minin! Give this to the (grand)daughter of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to whom you are married (meaning Umm Kultum bint 'Ali)." 'Umar said, "Umm Salit is more entitled to it." Umm Salit was one of the people of the Ansar who had given allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. 'Umar said, "She carried waterskins for us on the Day of Uhud."

XXI: The killing of Hamza ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib

3844. It is related that Ja'far ibn 'Amr ibn Umayya ad-Damri said, "I went out with 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Adi ibn al-Khiyar. When we reached Hims, 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Adi said to me, 'Would you like to meet Wahshi so we can ask him about the killing of Hamza?' I replied, 'Yes.' Wahshi was living in Hims. We asked about him and were told, 'He is that one in the shade of his castle as if he were a full skin.'" He said, "We went and stopped a short distance from him and greeted him and he returned the greeting." He said, "'Ubaydullah's head was wrapped up in his turban and Wahshi could only see his eyes and feet. 'Ubaydullah said, 'Wahshi! Do you recognise me?'" He said, "He looked at him and then said, 'No, by Allah. But I know that 'Adi ibn al-Khiyar married a woman called Umm Qital bint Abi'l-'Is, and she bore him a boy in Makka and I looked for a wet-nurse for him. I carried that boy with his mother and handed him over, and looking at your feet, they resemble them.'" He said, 'So 'Ubaydullah uncovered his face and and then said, 'Will you tell us about the killing of Hamza?' He said, 'Yes. Hamza had killed Tu'ayma ibn 'Adi ibn al-Khiyar at Badr and my master, Jubayr ibn Mut'im, said to me, "If you kill Hamza for my uncle, then you are free."' He said, 'When the people set out in the year of 'Aynayn - and 'Aynayn is a mountain near Uhud, with a valley separating them - I went out with the people for the fighting. When the battle lines were drawn, Siba' went out and said, "Is there any who will come forth [to fight me]?" Hamza ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib came out to him and said, "O Siba'! O Ibn Umm Anmar, the woman who circumcised women! Do you oppose Allah and His Messenger?"' He said, 'Then he attacked him, and he was history.' He said, 'I concealed myself behind a rock for Hamza. When he came near me, I threw my spear at him, driving it into his navel until it emerged between his buttocks.' He said, 'That was the end of him. When the people returned, I returned with them, and I stayed in Makka until Islam spread in it. Then I went out to Ta'if. They sent a messenger to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I was told that he did not harm messengers.' He said, 'So I went out with the them until I came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When he saw me, he said, "You are Wahshi." I said, "Yes." He said, "It is you who killed Hamza." I said, "The business is as you have heard." He said, "Can you remove your face from me?"' He said, 'I went out. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died, Musaylima the Liar emerged and I said, "I will go out against Musaylima and perhaps I will kill him to compensate for Hamza."' He said, 'I went out with the people and what happened happened.' He said, 'There was a man standing by a gap in the wall, looking like an ash-coloured camel with his hair dishevelled.' He said, 'I threw my spear and it went into his cheat and came out between his shoulder." He said, 'Then a man of the Ansar attacked himand struck him on the head with a sword.'"

'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "A slave-girl on the roof of a house said, 'The Commander of the Believers has been killed by a black slave!'"

XX: The wounds which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, received on the Day of Uhud

3845. It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The wrath of Allah is severe against a people who done this to His Prophet," pointing at his tooth, "The wrath of Allah is severe against a man who was killed by the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the way of Allah."

3846. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The wrath of Allah is severe against a man who was killed by the Prophet*, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the way of Allah. The wrath of Allah is severe against a people who bloodied the face of the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

3847. It is related that Sahl ibn Sa'd was asked about the wound of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of Uhud. He said, "By Allah, I know who washed the face of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and who poured the water and with what he was treated." He said, "Fatima, peace be upon her, washed the blood away while 'Ali poured the water from a shield. When she saw that it increased the bleeding, she took a piece of mat and burned it and then applied it and the bleeding stopped. That day his front-tooth broken and his face was injured, and his helmet was smashed on his head."

3848. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The wrath of Allah is severe against someone killed by a Prophet, and the wrath of Allah is severe against a people who bloodied the face of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

XXIII: "Those who responded to Allah and the Messenger." (3:172)

3849. It is related from 'A'isha about, "Those who who did good and were godfearing  among those who responded to Allah and the Messenger, after the wound had been inflicted, will have an immense reward." (3:172) She said to 'Urwa, My nephew, your fathers, az-Zubayr and Abu Bakr, were among them on the day on Uhud when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was afflicted by what he was afflicted. The idolaters left him and he feared that he might return and said, 'Who will go after them?' He selected seventy men from them.'" He said, "Abu Bakr and az-Zubayr were among them."

XXIV: The Muslims killed in the Battle of Uhud

They included Hamza ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib, al-Yaman, Anas ibn Nadr, and Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr.

3850. It is related that Qatada said, "We do not know of any tribe among the Arabs who had more martyrs and will be more exalted on the Day of Rising than the Ansar."

It is related from Anas ibn Malik that seventy of them were killed in the Battle of Uhud and seven in the Battle of Bi'r Ma'una, and seventy in the battle of Yamana. Anas said, "Bi'r Ma'una was in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Yamana was int he time of Abu Bakr, the day of the (battle against) Musaylima the Liar."

3851. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, put two of those killed at Uhud into a single garment. Then he asked, 'Which of them knew more of the Qur'an?' When one of them was indicated, he put him first in the grave and said, 'I will be a witness for these on the Day of Rising.' He instructed that they be buried covered in their blood and not washed or prayed over."

3852. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "When my father was killed, I began to weep and went to uncover his face and my people forbade me to do it. Then I started to uncover him and the Companions of the Prophet stopped me, but the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not stop me. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Do not weep for him. The angels continued to shade him with their wings until he was lifted up.'"

3853. It is related from Abu Musa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I dreamt that I brandished a sword and its blade broke. It was what was inflicted on the believers on the Day of Uhud. Then I brandished it again and it returned better than it was. That was what Allah brought of the Conquest and the gathering of the believers. In it I saw cattle, and  Allah is good. They were the believers on the Day of Uhud."

3854. It is related that Khabbab ibn al-Aratt said, "We emigrated with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for the sake of Allah and our reward was mandatory and in the hands of Allah. Some of us died, or left, without tasting any of his reward, and one of them was Mus'ab ibn 'Umayr. He was killed on the day of Uhud and we did not find anything to shroud him with except for a cloak. When we covered his head with it, his feet stuck out, and when we covered his feet, his head stuck o ut. So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to us, 'Cover his head and put idhkhir-herb on his feet,' or he said, 'Throw some idhkhir-herb on his feet.' Some of us had its fruit ripen and plucked it."

XXV: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Uhud loves us and we love it."

3855. It is related that Anas was heard to say that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "This is a mountain which loves us and we love it."

3856. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said that when Uhud loomed before the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he said, "This is a mountain that loves us and we love it. O Allah, Ibrahim made Makka a Haram and I made what is between its two lava beds a Haram.'"

3857. It is related from 'Uqba ibn 'Amir, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out one day and prayed over the people of Uhud with the prayer for the dead. Then he went to the minbar and said, 'I will prepare things for you and will be a witness for you. By Allah, I see my Basin now and I have been given the keys of the treasures of the earth (or the keys of the earth). By Allah, I do not fear for you that you will associate anything with Allah after me, but I fear for you that you will fight one another for them.'"

XXVI: The expedition of ar-Raji', Ri'l. Dhakwan, and Bi'r Ma'una, and the story about 'Adal and al-Qara with 'Asim ibn Thabit, Khubayb and his companions

Ibn Ishaq said that 'Asim ibn 'Umar related that it took place after Uhud.

3858. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent out ten men on a spying expedition and put 'Asim ibn Thabit al-Ansari, the grandfather of 'Asim ibn 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, in command of them. They proceeded until they were between 'Usfan and Makka. Their presence was reported to a branch of Hudhayl called the Banu Lihyan. About a hundred archers, pursued them. They followed their tracks until they came to a place where they had camped and found the pits of the dates which they had taken as provision from Madina. They said, 'These are the dates of Yathrib,' and they followed their tracks until they caught up to them.

"When 'Asim and his companions could not advance, they took cover in a high place. The people came and surrounded them and said, 'If you come down to us, you have protection and assurance that we will not kill any of you!' 'Asim ibn Thabit said, 'I will not come down into the protection of an unbeliever! O Allah, inform Your Prophet about us!' They shot at them with arrows and killed seven of them, including 'Asim. Khubayb, Zayd and another man remained to whom they gave the promise of protection and security and they came down to them. When they had them in their power, they undid their bow-strings and tied them up. Then the third man who was with them said, 'This is the beginning of treachery!' He refused to accompany them. They dragged him and tried to persuade him to accompany them. but he would not do it, so they killed him. They took Khubayb and Zayd ibn Dathina and sold them in Makka.

"The sons of al-Harith ibn 'Amir ibn Nawfal ibn bought Khubayb. Khubayb was the one who had killed al-Harith in the Battle of Badr. So Khubayb remained a prisoner with them until they agreed to kill him."

"He asked to borrow a razor from one of the daughters of al-Harith with which to shave his private parts and she lent it to him. She said, 'I was not paying attention and a son of mine went right up to him and he took him and put him on his thigh. When I saw him I was so alarmed that he noticed it while the razor was in his hand. He said, "Are you afraid that I will kill him? Allah willing, I would never do that."' She used to say, 'By Allah, I never saw a better prisoner than Khyubayb. By Allah, I found him eating from a bunch of grapes he had in his hand, when he was shackled in irons and there was no fruit at that time in Makka. It was provision from Allah which He gave to Khubayb.' When they brought him out of the Haram to kill him in profane land, he said to them, 'Let me pray two rak'ats.' Then he turned to them and said, 'By Allah, were it not that you might think that I was afraid, I would have made them longer'. He was the first to make the sunna for every Muslim man who is killed to pray two rak'ats. Then he said, 'O Allah, reckon them one by one!' He then said:

'I do not care what manner death I die
     if I am slain as a Muslim!
That is for the sake of Allah, and if He wills,
    He can bless the joints of a torn limb!'

"Then 'Uqba ibn al-Harith went to him and killed him. Quraysh sent some people to 'Asim to bring part of his body which could be recognised. 'Asim had been one of their great men in the Battle of Badr. Allah sent over him a swarm of bees like a cloud and it protected him from their messengers and they could not cut off any part of him."

3859. It is related that Jabir was heard to say, "The one who killed Khubayb was Abu Saraw'a."

3860. It is related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent some seventy men called the Recitors on an errand. Two tribes of the Banu Sulaym, Ri'l and Dhakwan, appeared before them at a well called Bi'r Ma'una.. The people said to them, 'By Allah, we have not come against you, but we are passing by on an errand for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' But they killed them, and so the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed them in the morning prayer for a month. That was the beginning of the qunut. We had not done the qunut.'"

A man asked Anas about whether the qunut was after or before ruku' or at the end of the recitation. He said, "No, it is after the end of the recitation."

3861. It is related that Anas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said the qunut after ruku' for a month, cursing some Arab tribes."

3862. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "Ri'l, Dhakwan, 'Usayya and Banu Lihyan had asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for reinforcements against their enemy, and so he reinforced them with seventy of the Ansar whom we used to call the recitors. They would collect wood by day and pray by night. When they are Bi'r Ma'una, they killed them and betrayed them. That reached the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did the qunut in the morning for a month in which he cursed some of the Arab tribes: Ri'l, Dhakwan, 'Usayya and Banu Lihyan." Anas said, "We used to recite some Qur'an about them before it was removed: 'Convey to our people that we have met our Lord and He is pleased with us and we are pleased'."

3863. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did the qunut in the Subh prayer, cursing some of the Arab tribes: Ri'l, Dhakwan, 'Usayya and Banu Lihyan.

It is added that Anas said, "There were seventy of the Ansar who were killed at Bi'r Ma'una."

3864. It is related from Anas, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent my uncle, the brother of Umm Sulayman, with seventy riders. The leader of the idolworshippers, 'Amir ibn Tufayl, had proposed three alternatives. He said, 'the people of the deserts will be yours and the people of the towns mine, or I will be your successor, or I will attack you with two thousand of the people of Ghatafan. But 'Amir succumbed to the plague in the house of Umm so-and-so. He said, 'Will I remain in the house of a woman from the family of so-and-so after having a ganglion like a she-camel? Bring me my horse!' And he died on his horse's back. Haram, the brother of Umm Sulaym, a lame man, and a man of the Banu so-and-so went. He said, 'You two stay near me until I get to them. If they give me security, you will be there. If they kill me, then go to your companions.' He said, 'Will you grant me security to convey the message of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?'.' He began to speal to them and they made a gesture to a man who came at him from behind and stabbed him (Hammam said, "I think it is, 'right through him.') He said, 'Allah is greater! By the Lord of the Ka'ba, I have won!' The other was was pursued and they killed all of them except for the lame man who climbed to the top of a mountain. They Allah sent down on us a verse that was later among the abrogated: 'We have met our Lord and He is pleased with us and We are pleased.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cursed them for thirty mornings - against Ri'l, Dhakwan, Banu Lihyan and Banu 'Usayya who disobeyed Allah and His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

3865. It is related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say that when Haram ibn Milhan, his uncle, was stabbed on the day of Bi'r Ma'una, he sprinkled blood over his face and head and then said, "By the Lord of the Ka'ba, I have won!"

3866. It is related that 'A'isha said, "Abu Bakr asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission to leave when the abuse against him became intense, but he told him 'Wait.' He said, 'Messenger of Allah, do you hope to be given permission?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I hope for that.'" She said, "So Abu Bakr waited for him. One day the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to him at midday. He called him and said, 'Send out those who are with you.' Abu Bakr said, 'Messenger of Allah, they are my two daughters.' He said, 'Are you aware that I have been given permission to leave?' He said, 'In company, Messenger of Allah?' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'In company.' He said, 'Messenger of Allah, I have two she-camels which I have made ready to leave.' So he gave the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, one of them. It was al-Jad'a'. They proceeded until they reached the cave which is in Thawr and hid themselves. 'Amir ibn Fuhayra, the slave of 'Abdullah ibn at-Tufayl ibn Sakhbara, 'A'isha's half brother by her mother, would graze some milk camel belonging to Abu Bakr, taking it to them to them morning and evening. He would go out at the end of the end to them and then go on to pasture, so that none of the shepherds would become aware of it. When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, left, he left with them, and followed them to Madina. 'Amir ibn Fuhayra was killed on the Day of Bi'r Ma'una."

3867. It is related that 'Urwa said, "When those at Bi'r Ma'una were killed and 'Amr ibn Umayya ad-Damra taken prisoner, 'Amir ibn at-Tufayl said to him, 'Who is this?' pointing at a dead person. 'Amr ibn Umayya said, 'This is 'Amir ibn Fuhayra.' He said, 'After he was killed, I saw him being raised to heaven until I could see sky between him and the earth, and then he was put down.' The news about them reached the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Your companions have been killed, and they asked their Lord, saying, "O Allah! Convey to our brothers that we are pleased with You and You are pleased with us" So He informed them.'" On that day 'Urwa ibn Asma' ibn as-Salt was killed, and 'Urwa was named after him. Mundhir was named after Mundhir ibn 'Amr.

3868. It is related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did the qanut after ruku' for a month, praying against Ri'l and Dhakwan, and he used to say, ''Usayya disobeyed Allah and His Messenger."

3869. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "For thirty mornings the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, invoked against those who killed his Companions at Bi'r Ma'una. During this time, he invoked against Ri'l and Lihyan, and [he said,] ''Usayya disobeyed Allah and His Messenger.'" Anas said, "Allah Almighty sent down some Qur'an to His Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about those who were killed, the people of Bi'r Ma'una, which we used to recite and which was later abrogated: 'Convey to our people that we have met our Lord and He is pleased with us and we are pleased'."

3870. It is related that 'Asim al-Ahwal said, "I asked Anas ibn Malik about the qunut in the prayer and he said, 'Yes.' I said, 'Before or after ruku'?' He replied, 'Before it.' I said, 'Someone told me that you said it was done after ruku'. He said, 'He lied. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, only did the qunut after ruku' for a month.He had sent out a group of people called "the reciters" numbering about seventy men to a group of idolaters who had a treaty with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but those who had a treaty with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, overpowered those men and so the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did the qunut after ruku' for a month to make supplication against them.'"

XXVII: The expedition of the Ditch, which is the Confederates

Musa ibn 'Uqba said that it took place in Shawwal, 4 AH.

3871. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, turned him away on the day of Uhud when he was fourteen and did not allow him (to participate). Then he summoned him on the Day of the Ditch when he was fifteen and allowed me [to participate]."

3872. It is related that Sahl ibn Sa'd said, "We were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the Ditch, and they were digging while we were carrying the earth on our shoulders. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'O Allah, there is no life but the life of the Next World, so forgive the Ansar and the Muhajirun!'"

3873. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to the Ditch, and the Muhajirun and the Ansar were digging on a cold morning and they did not have any slaves to do that for them. When he say the fatigue and hunger they had, he said, 'O Allah, life is the life of the Next World, so forgive the Ansar and the Muhajirun!' They answered him, saying,

'We are those who have given allegiance to Muhammad
    to always fight in jihad as long as we live!'"

3874. It is related that Anas said, "The Muhajirun and Ansar were digging the Ditch around Madina and moving the earth on their backs, saying,

'We are those who have given allegiance to Muhammad
to always fight in jihad as long as we live!'"

He said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was saying in reply to him, 'O Allah, there is no good but the good of the Next World, so bless the Ansar and the Muhajirun!'"

He said, "They would bring a handful of barley and it would be prepared for them by using rancid fat and it would be placed before the people who were hungry, and it would stick in their throats and it had and unpleasant smell."

3875. It is related that Jabir said, "On the Day of the Ditch, we were digging and a hard bit of rock became exposed. They went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "'There is a hard bit of rock exposed in the Ditch.' He said, 'I am coming down.' He got up and there was a stone tied to his belly. We had been three days without eating at all. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took a pick and struck it and it became like soft sand. I said, 'Messenger of Allah, give me permission to go to my house.' I said to my wife, 'I see that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is in a condition I cannot bear. Do you have anything?' She said, 'I have some barley and a lamb.' So I sacrificed the lamb and she ground the barley and we put the meat in a cooking-pot. Then I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when the the bread was kneaded and the pot was on the cooking stones and nearly cooked and said, 'I have a little food, so, Messenger of Allah, come with one or two men.' He said, 'How much is it?' I told him and he said, 'Abundant and good. Tell her not to remove the pot nor take the bread from the oven until I come.' He said, 'Get up,' and the Muhajirun and Ansar got up. I went to her and said, 'Poor you! The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, the Muhajirun, the Ansar and those with them have all come!' She said, 'Did he ask you?' I said. 'Yes.' He said, 'Enter, but do not crowd round.' He began to break up the bread and put meat on it, covering the pot and oven after he took something from them. He gave it to his Companions who then withdrew. He continued to breaking up bread and ladling until they were full and there was still some left. He said, 'Eat this and give some away for hunger has afflicted the people.'"

3876. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "When the ditch was dug, I saw that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was hungry, so I went back to my wife and said, 'Do you have anything? I see that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is very hungry.' She brought out a bag which contained a sa' of barley. We had a lamb we had kept at home, so I slaughtered it and she ground the barley. I finished and cut it up in her cooking-pot. Then I turned to go back to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. She said, 'Do not disgrace me before the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and those with him.' I went to him and spoke confidentially to him, 'Messenger of Allah, we have slaughtered a small lamb of ours and ground a sa' of barley, so let you and a few people come.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, shouted, 'People of the Ditch! Jabir has prepared some food, so come along!' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Do not remove your pot nor bake your bread until I come.' I came and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came leading the people. I went to my wife and she said, 'It is all your fault!' I said, 'I did what you said.' She brought out the dough and he spat in it and blessed it. Then he went to our pot and spat and blessed it. Then he said, 'Call the woman who bakes and let her bake with you, and ladle from your pot and do not remove it.' There were a thousand of them. I swear by Allah, they ate until they left the food and went away. Our pot was boiling as before and out dough was baking as before."

3877. It is related from 'A'isha about, "Behold! They came on you from above you and from below you, and behold, the eyes became dim and the hearts gaped up to the throats." that it was about the Day of the Ditch."

3878. It is related that al-Bara' said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was moving earth on the Day of the Ditch so that his abdomen was covered with dust or dirt, saying,

'By Allah, if it had been for Allah, we would not
    have been guided, given sadaqa nor prayed.
Send down calmness on it and make our feet firm
   when we meet the enemy.
Those have attacked us. When they desire trial,
    we resist.'

"He raised his voice with, 'We resist! We resist!.'"

3879. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I was helped to victory by the east wind and 'Ad was destroyed by the west wind."

3880. It is related that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said, "On the Day of the Confederates when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was digging the Ditch, I saw him moving the earth of the ditch so that the skin of his abdomen was covered with dust, and he had a lot of hair. I head him chanting the rhymes of the words of Ibn Rawaha while he was moving the dirt. He was saying,

'By Allah, if it had been for Allah, we would not
    have been guided, given sadaqa nor prayed.
Send down calmness on it and make our feet firm
   when we meet the enemy.
Those have attacked us. When they desire trial,
   we resist.'

"He prolonged his voice at the end of it."

3881. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The first expedition at which I was present was the Day of the Ditch."

It is related from Ibn 'Umar.

3882. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "I visited Hafsa while the locks of her hair were dripping with water. I said, 'The situation of the people is as you see, and I have not been given any authority in the business.' She said, 'Go and join them. They are waiting for you and I fear that if you fail to go to them it will cause division.' She kept at him until he went. When they people split up, Mu'awiya gave a speech and said, 'Whoever wants to speak about this matter should show himself to us. We are more entitled to it than him and his father.' Habib ibn Maslama said, 'Why did't you answer him?' 'Abdullah said, 'I unwrapped my garment and wanted to say, "The one who fought you and your father for the sake of Islam is more entitled than you to this command," but I feared that I would utter a word which would cause division between the community and cause blood to be shed and what I said might be taken other than how I meant it to be understood. So I remembered what Allah has prepared in the Gardens.' Habib said, 'You were preserved and protected.'"

Mahmud said that 'Abdu'r-Razzaq has "nawsâtuhâ" (instead of "naswâtuhâ" (locks).

3883. It is related that Sulayman ibn Surad said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the Day of the Confederates, "We will attack them and they will not attack us."

3884. It is related that Sulayman ibn Surad said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said when the Confederates were driven off, "From now on we will attack them and they we will not attack us. We will go to them."

3885. It is related that 'Ali said, "On the Day of the Ditch, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'May Allah fill their houses and graves with fire as they distracted us from the middle prayer until the sun set!" [done]

3886. It is related from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab came on the Day of the Ditch after the sun had set and he began to curse the unbelievers of Quraysh and said, 'Messenger of Allah, I was about to pray 'Asr when the sun was about to set.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'By Allah, I have not prayed either!' We went to Buthan and he did wudu' for the prayer and so did we. He prayed 'Asr after the sun had set and then prayed Maghrib after it."

3887. It is related that Jabir was heard to say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the Day of the Confederates, 'Who will bring me news of the people?' Az-Zubayr said, 'I will.' He said, 'Who will bring me news of the people?' Az-Zubayr said, 'I will.' He said, 'Who will bring me news of the people?' Az-Zubayr said, 'I will.' Then he said, 'Every Prophet has disciples. My disciple is az-Zubayr.'"

3888. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, "There is no god but Allah alone who exalted His army and helped His slaves and defeated the confederates alone. There is nothing after Him."

3889. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa was heard to say, "On the Day of the Confederates, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed against the idolaters and said, 'O Allah who sent down the Book, who is swift in the Reckoning, defeat the confederates! O Allah, defeat them and shake them!'"

3890. It is related from 'Abdullah, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned froma raiding party, hajj or 'umra, he would say the takbir three times. Then he would say, 'There is no god but Allah alone with no partner. His is the kingdom and His the praise. He has power over everything. [We are] returning, repenting, worshipping, prostrating to our Lord, in praise. Allah has been true to His promise and helped His slave and alone defeated the parties.'"

XXVIII: The return of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from the Confederates and his going out to the Banu Qurayza and laying siege to them

3891. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned from the Ditch and put down his weapons and washed, Jibril, peace be upon him, came to him and said, 'You have put down your arms. By Allah, I have not put mine down. Go out to them!' He said, 'Where then?' He said, 'Here,' and appointed towards the Banu Qurayza." She said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to them."

3892. It is related that Anas said, "It is as if I could visualise the dust rising in the alley of the Banu Ghanm from the procession of Jibril when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to Banu Qurayza."

3893. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the Day of the Confederates (Ahzab), 'No one should pray 'Asr before they get to Banu Qurayza. For some of them 'Asr became due on the way. Some people said, 'We will not pray until we get there.' Others said, 'No, we should do the prayer. That was not what he meant.' This was mentioned to the Prophet and he did not rebuke any of them."

3894. It is related that Anas said, "A man would appoint for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, some palm-trees until he conquered Qurayza and an-Nadir. My family told me to go to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and ask him for for some or all that they had given him, but the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had given them to Umm Ayman. Umm Ayman came and put the garment around my neck and said, 'No, by the One who is the only God, he will not give them to you as he has given them to me,' or words to that effect. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'You will have others in return,' an she said, 'No, Allah,' until (I think he said) he gave her tens times the like of them," or words to that effect.

3895. It is related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "When the Banu Qurayza agreed to the judgement of Sa'd ibn Mu'adh, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent for him. He came on a donkey. When he approached the mosque, he said to the Ansar, 'Rise for your chief (or the best of you).' He said, 'These people have agreed to your judgement.' He said, 'Then I judge that the fighters be killed and the women and children taken captive.' He said, 'You have given the judgement of Allah regarding them (or he may have said,.'the judgement of the King.)"

3896. It is related that 'A'isha said, "Sa'd was wounded on the Day of the Ditch when a man of Quraysh called Hibban ibn al-'Ariqa shot him. He shot him in the mdial arm vein. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set up a tent in the mosque so that he would be near for him to visit him. When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned from the Ditch, he put down his weapons and washed. Jibril, peace be upon him, came to him and said, 'You have put down your arms. By Allah, I have not put mine down. Go out to them!' He said, 'Where?' He pointed towards the Banu Qurayza. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to them and they agreed to his judgement and he gave the judgement to Sa'd. He said, 'My judgement regarding them is that the fighters be killed and the women and children taken captive and their property divided up.'"

It is related from 'A'isha that Sa'd said, "O Prophet, You know that there is no one I love to fight for Your sake more than a people who have denied Your Messenger , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and expelled him! O Allah, I think that You have settled the war between us and them. If any of the war against Quraysh remained, then make me last for it so that I can fight them for Your sake. If the war is settled, then make the wound burst and make it the cause of my death!" It burst from his upper chest but he did not alert them. There was a tent of the Banu Ghifar in the mosque and the blood flowed towards them. They said, "People of tent! What is this which is coming to us from you?" It was Sa'd whose wound was bleeding profusely. He died on account of it.

3897. It is related that al-Bara' said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Hassan, "Satirise them - and Jibril is with you."

It is related that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Hassan ibn Thabit on the day of Qurayza, "Satirise the idolaters. Jibril is with you."

XXIX: The expedition of Dhat ar-Riqa',

which is the expedition taken against Muharib, Khasafa of the Banu Tha'laba of Ghatafan. The Prophet camped at Nakhl. This was after Khaybar because Abu Musa arrived after Khaybar.

3898. It is related from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed the Fear prayer with his Companions during the seventh expedition, i.e. the expedition of Dhat ar-Riqa'.

Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed the Fear prayer at Dhu Qarad.

It is related from Jabir that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, led them in the prayer on the day of Muharib and Tha'laba.

It is related that Jabir was heard to say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to Dhat ar-Riqa' from Nakhl. He met a group of Ghatafan, but there was no fighting and the people frightened each other. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed the two rak'ats of the Fear prayer."

Salama said, "I went on the expedition with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of al-Qarad."

3899. It is related from Abu Burda that Abu Musa said, "Once we went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on an expedition and six of us were sharing one camel which we took it in turns to ride. Our feet became pierced through and my feet were pierced through and my toe-nails came off. We wrapped our feet in rags and so it became called the Expedition of Rags since we wrapped our feet in rags." Abu Burda said, "Abu Musa related this hadith to us and then disliked having done so and said, 'I wish I had not mentioned it!'" He said, "It was as if he disliked any of his actions being disclosed."

3900. It is related from Salih ibn Khawwat from those who were saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the day of Dhat ar-Riqa' pray the Fear prayer that one group lines up with him while another group faced the enemy. He prayed one rak'at with those who were him and then remained standing while they completed it on their own and then left. Then they lined up to face the enemy and the other group came and he prayed the remaining rak'at of the prayer with them and remained sitting while they completed it on their own, and then he said the salam with them.

Malik said, "That is the best of what I have heard about the Fear prayer."

3901. It is related that Jabir said, "We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Nakhl," and he mentioned the Fear prayer.

It is related from al-Qasim ibn Muhammad that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed the Fear prayer in the expedition of Anmar.

3902. It is related that Sahl ibn Abi Hathma said, "The Imam stands facing qibla and one group are with him while another group are facing the enemy. He prays one rak'at with those who are with him and then they stand and pray one rak'at by themselves and do two prostrations where they are. Then the others take the place of the first group and he leads them in one rak'at . He then finishes the two rak'ats and then they do another rak'at and do two prostrations."

The like of it is related from Sahl ibn Abi Hathma from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

It is related from Sahl.

3903. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "I went on an expedition with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the direction of Najd and we encountered the enemy and lined up against them."

3904. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, led one group in the prayer while another group faced the enemy. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, bowed and did two prostrations with those with him. Then that group went and took the place of their companions who came and he led them in one rak'at and then he said the taslim. Then those ones stood up and completed their rak'at and the other group stood and completed their rak'at.

3905. It is related from Jabir that he went on an expedition with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the direction of Najd.

It is related from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that he went on an expedition with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the direction of Najd. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned, he returned with him. Midday overtook them in a valley with a lot of large thorn-trees in it. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, alighted and the people split up to seek the shade of the trees. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, alighted under an acacia tree and hung his sword on it." Jabir said, "We went to sleep and then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called us and we came. There was a bedouin sitting with him and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'This one unsheathed my sword while I was asleep. I woke up and he had it unsheathed in his hand and he said to me, "Who will protect you from me?" I said, "Allah." Here he is sitting.' Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not punish him."

3906. It is related that Jabir said, "We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Dhat ar-Riqa'. We came upon a shady tree which we left for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. A man of the idolaters came while the sword of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was hanging from the tree and unsheated it. He said, 'Are you afraid of me?' He said, 'No.' He asked, 'Who will protect you from me?' He repled, 'Allah.' The Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, threatened him. Then iqama for the prayer was given and he led one group in two rak'ats and then they went back and he led the other group in two rak'ats. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did four and the people did two rak'ats."

Abu Bishr said that the name of the man was Ghawrath ibn al-Harith, and the fighting was against Muharib Khasafa.

It is related from Jabir, "We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Nakhl and he prayed the Fear prayer.

Abu Hurayra said, "I prayed the Fear prayer with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the Najd expedition." Abu Hurayra came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, during the days of Khaybar.

XXX: The expedition of Banu'l-Mustaliq of Khuza'a. It is the expedition of al-Muraysi'

Ibn Ishaq said that it was in 6 AH, but Musa ibn 'Uqba says it was 4 AH.

Az-Zuhri said, "The story of the Lie is in the expedition of al-Muraysi'."

3907. It is related that Ibn Muhayriz said, "I entered the mosque and saw Abu Sa'id al-Khudri, so I sat down beside him and asked him about coitus interruptus. Abu Sa'id said, 'We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the attack against the Banu'l-Mustaliq. We took from Arab captives and we desired the women as the separation had been hard on us, and we wanted to practise coitus interruptus. We said, "Will we practise coitus interruptus while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is among us before we ask him?" So we asked him about that and he said, "There is nothing that says you should not do it. There is no soul which exists until the Day of Rising but that it will be."'"

3908. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "We went on an expedition with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the direction of Najd. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah reported that he went on an expedition with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the direction of Najd. Midday overtook him in a valley with a lot of large thorn-trees in it. He under a tree, seeking its shade and hung his sword on it. The people split up among the trees looking for shade. While we were like that, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called us and we came. There was a bedouin sitting before him and he, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'This one came to me while I was asleep and unsheathed my sword. I woke up and he was standing over my head with it unsheathed and he said, "Who will protect you from me?" I said, "Allah." So he sheathed it and sat down. This is him.'" He said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not punish him."

XXXI: The expedition of Anmar

3909. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah al-Ansari said, "I saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the expedition of Anmar praying on his camel, facing the east, doing voluntary prayers."

XXXII: The Story of the Lie

Ifk is afk which is like nijs and najs. (37:151) has ifkuhum and (46:28) has afkahum. He says that it turned them from belief and made them liars, as He says, "Averted from it is he who is averted (ufika)," (51:9), i.e. turned away whoever would be turned away.

3910. It is related from 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, about when the people of the Lie said what they said about her. (Az-Zuhri said that all of a group related some of her hadith and some remembered more than others and confirmed its exact transmission. I memorised from each of them the hadith which was related to me from 'A'isha and part of the hadith verifies other parts although some of them remembered more than others. They say that 'A'isha said,)

"When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to go on a journey, he drew lots between his wives and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took with him whoever had her lot came out." 'A'isha said, "Lots were drawn between us for an expedition which he went on and my lot came out, so I went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. It was after the veil had been sent down. I was carried in a howdah and was brought down in it.

"We travelled until the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished that expedition and returned and we drew near to Madina. The announcement was made at night to travel. I got up when they announced travel and walked until I had gone past the army. When I finished my need, I went to the camp to leave and then I touched my chest and my necklace made of onyx had broken. I went back to look for my necklace and looked for it delayed me."

She said, "Those who were carrying me came and picked my howdah and put it on my camel which I was riding. They thought that I was in it. At that time women were light and not heavy and did not have a lot of flesh on them. They used to eat only a little. So the people did not notice the weight of the howdah when they lifted it up and carried it as I was a young girl. They moved the camel and set off. I found my necklace after the army had left. I came to their site and there was absolutely no one there. I went to the place where I had been, thinking that they would miss me and return for me. While I was sitting there, drowziness overcame me and I fell asleep. Safwan ibn al-Mu'attal as-Sulami, then adh-Dhakwani, was behind the army and he reached my spot at morning. He saw the dark form of someone asleep, so he came to me. He recognised me when me saw me. He had seen me before the veil. I woke up when he said, 'We belong to Allah and to Him we return!' after he had recognised me. I veiled my face with my head-shawl and, by Allah, we did not speak a single word nor did I hear a single word from him except for 'We belong to Allah and to Him we return!' Then he made his camel kneel and he put its leg down and I mounted it. He went leading the camel until we reached the army after they had alighted to camp at the height of midday. Then whoever was destroyed was destroyed. The one who led the lie was 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn Salul.

'Urwa said, "I was told that it was spread and discussed in his presence and that he confirmed it and listened to it and asked about it to increase it." 'Urwa also said, "No one was mentioned as being among the people of the Lie except for Hassan ibn Thabit, Mistah ibn Uthatha and Hamna bint Jahsh among some other people about whom I have no knowledge othan than the fact that they formed a group as Allah Almighty said. It is said that the greatest culprit in that was 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy ibn Salul."

'Urwa said, "'A'isha disliked for Hassan to be abused in her presence. She used to say, 'He is the one who said, "My father and his father and my honour are a protection for the honour of Muhammad against you."'"

'A'isha said, "We reached Madina and after I arrived, I was ill there for a month while the people were spreading the word of the people of the lie although I was not awate of any of that. I imagined in my illness that I did not see from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, the kindness which I used to see him show when I was ill. He would visit me and give the greeting and then say, 'How are that one?' Then he would leave. That caused me some doubt, but I was not aware of any of the evil until I recovered and I went out with Umm Mistah to al-Manasi'. We used to go the lavatory there and we only went out to it from night to night. That was before we put up lavatories near our houses."

She said, "We followed the custom of the early Arabs of going to the lavatory in the desert. We found it unpleasant to have lavatories by our houses." She said, "So Umm Mistah bint Abi Ruhm ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib ibn 'Abdu Manaf, whose mother was the daughter of Sakhr ibn 'Amir and the maternal aunt of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, and whose son was Mistah ibn Uthatha ibn 'Abbad ibn al-Muttalib and I went out. When we finished our business, Umm Mistah and I were coming towards my house when Umm Mistah tripped on her dress and said, 'May Mistah stumble!' I said to her, 'What you have said is bad. Would you curse a man who was present at Badr?' She said, 'O you there! Have you not heard what he has said?'" She said, "I said, 'And what has he said?' And she told be about what the people of the Lie had said."

She said, "Then I became even more ill. When I returned to my house, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and visited me and greeted me and then said, 'How is that one?' I said to him, 'Will you give me permission to go to my parents?'" She said, "I wanted to make sure of the report from them." She said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave me permission. I asked my mother, 'Mother! What are the people saying?' She said, 'O my daughter! Do not make too much of the business. By Allah, seldom has there been a woman of beauty with a husband who loves her with co-wives but that they say a lot against her.' I said, 'Glory be to Allah! The people have been saying this?'" She said, "I spent the entire night until morning unable to stop weeping and could not sleep at all. Morning found me still weeping."

She said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, summoned 'Ali ibn Abi Talib and Usama ibn Zayd when the revelation had been delayed to consult them and ask them about divorcing his wife." She said, "Usama pointed out to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, what he knew of his wife's innocence and what he knew of them. Usama said, '"Keep your wife. We know only good.' 'Ali said, 'Messenger of Allah, Allah has not constricted you and there are many women besides her. Ask the slavegirl to tell you the truth.'"

She said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, summoned Barira and said, 'Barira, have you seen anything in her which would make you doubt her?' Barira said to him, 'By the One who sent you with the Truth. I have not seen her do anything for which I could criticise her beyond the fact that she is a young girl who sleeps, neglecting her family's leaven so that the sheep comes and eats it.'"

She said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up that day and while he was on the minbar asked for help against 'Abdullah ibn Ubayy. He said, 'O company of Muslims! Who will help us against a man whose injury in my family has reached me? By Allah, I only know good of my wife. They mentioned a man about whom I only know good who has not entered where my family is except with me!'"

She said, "Sa'd ibn Mu'adh, the brother of 'Abdu'l-Ashhal, got up and said, 'Messenger of Allah, by Allah, we will help you against him. If he is from Aws, we will chop his head off, and if he is from our brothers of Khazraj, command us and we will carry out your command on him.'" She said, "A man of Khazraj got up. Umm Hassan, his cousin, was from his clan-branch. He was Sa'd ibn 'Ubada, the leader of Khazraj. She said, "Before then he had been a virtuous man, but zeal had carried him away, and he said to Sa'd, 'You lied, by the life of Allah! You will not kill him and you are not able to do that! If he had been from your group, you would not want him to be killed!' Usayd ibn al-Hudayr, the cousin of Sa'd, got up and said to Sa'd ibn 'Ubada, 'You have lied, by the life of Allah! We will kill him! You are a hypocrite arguing on behalf of hypocrites!'" She said, "The two clans of Aws and Khazraj were stirred up against one another until they were ready for war while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was standing on the minbar. She said, "The Messenger of Allah. may Allah bless him and grant him peace, continued to calm them until they were silent and he was silent." She said, "I wept for that whole day and I could not stop weeping and I could not sleep."

"In the morning my parents were with me and I had wept for two nights and a day and I could not stop weeping and I could not sleep until I thought that weeping would split my liver. While my parents were sitting with me while I was weeping, a woman of the Ansar asked for permission to enter and I gave her permission. She sat down weeping with me. While he were like that, the Messenger of Allah*, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,entered, gave the greeting, and sat down." She said, "He had not sat with me since before the day when what was said about me was said. A month had passed without any revelation coming to him regarding my business."

She said, "He said the tashahhud when he sat down and then said, ''A'isha, such-and-such about you has reached me. If you are innocent, then Allah will show you innocent. If you have done any wrong action, then ask forgiveness of Allah and turn to Him in repentance. If the slave of Allah admits his sin and then repents, Allah turns to him.'" She said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished what he was saying, my tears stopped so that I was not aware of a single tear. I said to my father, 'Answer the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for me regarding what he said.' He said, 'By Allah, I do not know what to say to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' I said to my mother, 'Answer the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for me regarding what he said.' She said, 'By Allah, I do not know what to say to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'I said, 'I am a young girl who does not recite much of the Qur'an. By Allah, I know that you have heard this story that people are saying and it has become fixed in yourself and you have believed it. If I were to say to you that I am innocent, you would not believe met. If I were to confess to something to you - and Allah knows that I am innocent - you would believe me. By Allah, I can find no example for you and me except for that of the father of Yusuf when he said, "Steadfast patience is beautiful. It is Allah alone who is my Help in face of the event that you describe." Then I turned over on my bed, Allah knowing that I was innocent and hoping that Allah would proclaim me innocent. However, by Allah, I did not think that any revelation would be sent down regarding me. I thought too little of myself that something would be said in the Qur'an regarding me, however I hoped that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would have a dream in which Allah would exonerate me.

"By Allah, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not get up from where he was sitting nor did any of the people of the House leave before the Revelation descended on him and he and seized by the intense sweating which usually seized him and the sweat was pouring from him like pearls of sweat although it was a wintry day because of the weight of the word which descended on him. Then it left the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he was smiling. The first word that he spoke was that he said to me, ''A'isha, Allah has exonerated you.' She said, "My mother said to me, 'Go to him.' I said, 'No, by Allah! I will not go to him and I will only praise Allah. the Mighty and Exalted!' Then Allah Almighty revealed the ten verses, 'Those who propagated the lie are a band of you. . .' (24:11)

"When Allah sent down this to exonerate me, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, who used to provide maintenance for Mistah ibn Uthatha because he was related to him and Mistah was poor, said, 'By Allah, I will never provide anything for Mistah ever again after what he said about 'A'isha!' Then Allah Almighty sent down, 'Those of you possessing affluence and ample wealth should not make oaths that they will not give to their relatives and the very poor and those who have emigrated in the way of Allah. They should rather pardon and overlook. Would you not love Allah to forgive you? Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.' (24:22) Abu Bakr said, 'Yes, by Allah, I want Allah to forgive me.' So he restored to Mistah what he had been giving him. He said, 'By Allah, I will never strip him of it!'"

'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, also asked Zaynab bint Jahsh about my business. He said to Zaynab, 'What do you know? What have you seen?' She said, 'Messenger of Allah, I protect my hearing and sight. By Allah, I only know good of her.'" 'A'isha said, "She was my rival among the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, but Allah protected her because of her scrupulousness." She said, "Her sister. Hamna began attacking on her behalf and she was destroyed with those who were destroyed."

Ibn Shihab said, "This is what reached me of the story of that group."

'Urwa said that 'A'isha said, "By Allah, the man about whom was said what said used to say, 'Glory be to Allah! By the One who has my soul in His hand, I have never even removed the cover of any female!'" She said, "Then after that he was killed in the way of Allah."

3911. It is related that az-Zuhri said, "Al-Walid ibn 'Abdu'l-Malik said, 'Has it reached you that 'Ali was one of those who slandered 'A'isha?' I said, 'No, but two men of your people, Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman and Abu Bakr ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn al-Harith informed me that 'A'isha said to them that 'Ali was safe concerning her.'" They asked him again but he did not reply. "Safe" means there was nothing for or against him.

3912. It is related that Masruq ibn al-Ajda' said, "Umm Ruman, the mother of 'AÕisha, said, 'While I was sitting with 'AÕisha, a woman of the Ansar came in saying, ÒMay Allah do such-and-such to a certain person!"' Umm Ruman asked, "Why?" She replied, "Such-and-such." 'A'isha asked, "Has the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard it?" "Yes," she answered. She said, "And Abu Bakr?" She answered, "Yes." She fainted and went she came around, he had a fever and trembling. I put her clothes over her and covered her. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and said, "What is this?" I replied, "Messenger of Allah, it is fever with trembling." He said, "Perhaps it is on account a tale which is being talked about?" I answered, "Yes." 'A'isha sat up and said, "If Allah, even if I were to swear to you, you would not believe me. Even I were to say no, you would not excuse me. My example is like that of Ya'qub and his sons. "It is Allah alone who is my Help in face of the event that you describe."' She said, 'He left without saying anything and then Allah sent down her innocence. She said, "Praise belongs to Allah, but no praise to anyone else nor your praise."'"

3913. It is related from Ibn Abi Mulayka that 'A'isha used to recite, "Idh taliqünahu bi-alsinatikum" (24:15) and she said that walaq means lying.

Ibn Abi Mulayka said, "She knew that better than others since it was sent down regarding her."

3914. It is related from Hisham's father, "I began to abuse Hassan in 'A'isha's presence and she said, "Do not abuse him. He used to defend the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." 'A'isha said, "Hassan asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission to satirise the unbelievers. He said, 'What about my lineage?Õ Hassan said, 'I will remove you from them as one removes the hair from the dough.'"

It is related from Hisham's father, "I abused Hassan as he was one of those who spoke a lot against her."

3915. It is related that Masruq said, "We visited 'A'isha while Hassan ibn Thabit was with her reciting some verses of poetry to her. He mentioned some of his ghazal poetry, saying:

'Chaste, honourable, free of suspicion,
    morning finds her free from having eaten
         the flesh of chaste women.'

"'A'isha said to him, 'But you are not like that!'" Masruq said, "I asked her, 'Why do you give him permission to visit you when Allah Almighty says, "The one who took it on himself to amplify it will receive a terrible punishment." (24:11)' She said, 'What punishment is greater than blindness?' She said of him, "He used to defend - or satirise - on behalf of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'"

XXXIII: The expedition of al-Hudaybiyya

The words of Allah Almighty, "Allah was pleased with the believers when they pledged allegiance to you under the Tree." (48:11)

3916. It is related that Zayd ibn Khalid said, "We went out with Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of Hudaybiyya and it rained on us that night. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, led us in the Subh prayer and then he faced us and said, 'Do you know what your Lord has said?' They said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He said, 'Allah Almighty said, "This morning My slaves have become divided up into believers and unbelievers. Those who said, 'We had rain by the favour and mercy of Allah,' believe in Me and reject the stars. Those who said that it was because of a certain star, believe in the star and disbelieve in Me."'"

3917. It is related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made 'umra four times, all of which were in Dhu'l-Qa'da except the one which was with his hajj: there was the 'umra of al-Hudaybiyya in Dhu'l-Qa'da, the 'umra in the following year in Dhu'l-Qa'da, and the 'umra from al-Ji'rana where he distributed the booty of Hunayn in Dhu'l-Qa'da, and the 'umra with his hajj."

3918. It is related that Abu Qatada said, "We went with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of al-Hudaybiya and his Companions put on ihram but he did not."

3919. It is related that al-Bara' said, "You consider the Conquest to be the conquest of Makka, and the conquest of Makka was indeed a conquest, but we considered the Conquest to be the Pledge of Ridwan on the Day of Hudaybiyya. We were fourteen hundred with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Al-Hubaybiya was a well. We drew it out until we did not leave a drop in it. That reached the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he came and sat on its edge and asked for a vessel of water and rinsed his mouth, prayed and and poured it into the well. We waited a short time and then we took out what we and our mounts wished."

3920. It is related that al-Bara' said that they numbered fourteen hundred or more on the Day of Hudaybiyya. They camped at a well and drew it dry. They went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he went and sat on its edge and then said, 'Bring me a bucket of its water. He was brought it and spat in it and made supplication. Then he said, 'Leave it a time.' They quenched themselves and their mounts until they left."

3921. It is related that Jabir said, "The people were thirsty on the Day of Hudaybyiya and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a small vessel in front of him and he did wudu'. The people rushed towards him and he said, 'What is wrong with you?' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, we do not have any water with which to do wudu' or to drink except what is in front of you.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, placed his hand in the vessel and the water began to bubble between his fingers like fountains. We drank and did wudu'." I said to Jabir, 'How many were you?' He said, 'If there had been a hundred thousand, it would still have been enough for us. We were fifteen hundred.'"

3922. It is related that Qatada said, "I said to Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab, 'I have heard that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah says that there were fourteen hundred.' Sa'id said to me, 'Jabir related to me that there were fifteen hundred who gave the pledge of allegiance to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of Hudaybiya.'"

Abu Dawud said that Qurra related it. Muhammad ibn Bashshar corroborated it as Abu Dawud related it from Shu'ba.

3923. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to us on the Day of Hudaybiyya, 'You are the best people on the earth.' We were fourteen hundred. If I could still see today, I would show you the place of the tree."

Al-A'mash corroborated it. He heard Salim who heard Jabir say, "Fourteen hundred."

3924. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfasaid, "The people of the tree were thirteen hundred, and Aslam was an eighth of the Ansar.

Muhammad ibn Bashshar corroborated it as Abu Dawud related it from Shu'ba.

3925. It is related that Mirdas al-Aslami, who was one of those at the Tree, was heard to say, "The righteous will disappear one by one until only the dregs remain like the dregs of barley or dates and Allah will not care about them at all."

3926. It is related that Al-Miswar ibn Makhrama and Marwan said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out from Madina with about a thousand of his Companions until they came to Dhu'l-Hulayfa. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, then garlanded his sacrificial animals and marked it and went into ihram for 'umra."

I cannot count how often I heard it was Sufyan until I heard him say, "I do not remember the marking and garlanding from az-Zuhri, so I do not know, i.e. the location of marking and garlanding, or the entire hadith.

3927. It is related from Ka'b ibn 'Ujra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw him when the lice were falling on his face. He asked, "Are your lice troubling you?" He replied, "Yes." So he commanded him to shave his head while he was at al-Hudaybiyya and it was not clear to them and they could come out of ihram there and they were still hoping to enter Makka. Then Allah revealed the fidya and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded him to feed six poor people with one faraq or sacrifice a sheep or fast for three days.

3928. It is related that Aslam said, "I went out with 'Umar ibn al-Khattab to the market and a young woman caught up to 'Umar and said, 'Amir al-Mu'minin, my husband has died leaving young children. By Allah, they do not have even a sheep's trotter to cook nor any crops or animals. I fear that that the drought may destroy them. I am the daughter of Khufaf ibn Ima' al-Ghifari who was present at al-Hudaybiya with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. 'Umar stopped with her and did not continue onwards. Then he said, 'Welcome to a close relative.' Then he went to a strong camel which was tied in the house and loaded on to it two bags full of food. Between them he placed money and clothes and then he gave her its halter and said, 'Lead it. It will not finish until Allah gives you good.' A man said, 'Amir al-Mu'minin, you have given her too much!' 'Umar said, 'May your mother be bereft of you! By Allah, I saw the father and brother of this woman laying siege to a fortress for a time and then conquering it and then we discussed what their full shares of it should be."

3929. It is related that the father of Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said, "I saw the Tree and then I came to it later and could not recognise it."

Abu 'Abdullah said that Mahmud said, "Then I later forgot it."

3930. It is related that Tariq ibn 'Abdullah said, "I went out on hajj and passed by some people who were praying. I asked, 'What is this mosque?' They replied, "This is the Tree where the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, received the allegiance in the Pledge of Farewell.' I went to Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab and informed him. Sa'id said, 'My father informed me that he was among those who gave allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, under the tree. He said, "When we went out the following year, we had forgotten it and could not find it."' So Sa'id said, 'If the Companions of Muhammad did not know it and then you know it, do you then know better?'"

3931. It is related that the father of Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said, "We were among those who gave allegiance under the Tree. Then we returned to it the following year and it was hidden from us."

3932. It is related that Tariq said, "The tree was mentioned in the presence of Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab and he laughed and said, 'My father informed me and he was present at it."'

3933. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa, who was one of the people of the Tree, was heard to say, "When people came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with their zakat, he would say, 'O Allah, bless the family of so-and-so.' My father took his zakat to him and said, 'O Allah, bless the family of Abi Awfa.'"

[Sadaqa is used with the meaning of zakat.]

3934. It is related that 'Abbad ibn Tamim said, "On the Day of the Battle of al-Harra when the people were giving allegiance to 'Abdullah ibn Hanzala, Ibn Zayd asked, 'On what basis is Ibn Hanzala taking the people's allegiance?' He was tols, 'To death.' He said, 'I will not give allegiance to anyone for that after the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' He had been present with him at al-Hudaybiyya."

3935. It is related that Salama ibn al-Akwa', who was one of the people of the Tree, said, "We used to pray Jumu'a with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and then leave. The walls had no shade which we could use."

3936. It is related that Yazid ibn Abi "Ubayd said, "I asked Salama ibn al-Akwa', 'On what basis did you give allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of al-Hudaybiyya?' He replied, 'To death.'"

3937. It is related that al-Musayyab said, "I met al-Bara' ibn 'Azib and said, 'May you have good! You kept the company of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and gave allegiance to him under the Tree!' He said, 'O nephew! You do not know what we have done after him!'"

3938. It is related from Abu Qilaba that Thabit ibn ad-Dahhak informed him that he gave allegiance to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, under the Tree.

3939. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that "Truly We have granted you a manifest victory" (48:1) is al-Hudaybiyya. His Companions said, "Delightful congratulations! But what do we have?" So Allah sent down, "That He might admit the believing men and women into Gardens with rivers flowing under them." (48:5)

Shu'ba said, "I came to Kufa and related all of it from Qatada and then I returned and mentioned it. He said, "The 'Truly We have granted you a manifest victory' is from Anas and 'Delightful congratulations!' is from 'Ikrima.

3940. It is related that Zahir al-Aslami, who was one of those who was present at the Tree, said, 'I was kindling the fire under the pots with the donkey meat when the announcer of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, announced, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has forbidden you donkey flesh.'"

It is related from a man of them who was one of the people of the Tree, named Uhban ibn Aws, who had something wrong with his knee and when he prostrated, he used to put a cushion under his knee.

3941. It is related from Suwayd ibn an-Nu'man, who was one of the people of the Tree, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions were given sawiq and chewed it.

Mu'adh corroborated it from Shu'ba.

3942. It is related that Abu Jamra said, "I asked 'A'idh ibn 'Amr, who was one of the Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who was people of the Tree, 'Can the witr be undone [i.e. repeated]?' He said, 'When you do the witr at the beginning of the night, then you do not do the witr at the end of it.'"

3943. It is related from Zayd ibn Aslam from his father that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was travelling at night on one of his journeys and 'Umar ibn al-Khattab was travelling with him. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab asked him about something and he did not answer. Then he asked him again and he did not answer. Then he asked him yet again and he did not answer. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "May your mother be bereft of you, 'Umar! You have pressed the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, three times and each time he has not answered you.'" 'Umar said, 'I spurred my camel on and then went ahead of the Muslims, fearing that some Qur'an would be sent down about me. It was not long before I heard someone shouting for me." He said, "I said, 'I was afraid that some Qur'an might be sent down about me!' I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and greeted him and he said, 'Tonight a sura has been sent down on me which I love more than that on which the sun rises. Then he recited, "Truly We have granted you a manifest victory." (48:1)'"

3944. It is related from al-Miswar ibn Makhrama and Marwan, the hadith of each supporting the other's, who said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out in the year of al-Hudaybiyya with abut one thousand of his Companions. When he reached Dhu'l-Hulayfa, he garlanded the sacrificial animals and marked them, and assumed ihram for 'umra. He sent out a spy from Khuza'a. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, travelled until he was at Ghadir al-Ashtat when his spy came to him and said, 'Quraysh have gathered forces against you and they have gathered the Abyssinians against you. They will fight you and bar you from the House and stop you.' He said, 'O people! Tell me what you think. Do you think that I should attack the their families and the offspring of those who desire to bar us from the House? If they come to us, Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, has cut off a spy from the idolaters. Otherwise, we will leave them bereft.' Abu Bakr said, 'O Messenger of Allah, you set out aiming for this House without any desire to fight anyone or to make war on anyone. Make for it and we will fight whoever bars us from it.' He said, 'Proceed in the name of Allah!'"

3945. Part of what 'Urwa reported from Marwan ibn al-Hakam and al-Miswar ibn Makhrama, reporting about what happened with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the 'umra of al-Hudaybiyya, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,wrote the treaty of truce with Suhayl ibn 'Amr on the Day of al-Hudaybiya, one of the preconditions of that Suhayl ibn 'Amr made was that he said, 'On the condition that if any of us comes to you, even if he has your religion, you will return him to us and you will not come between us and him.' Suhayl refused to conclude the truce with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, except on that basis. The believers disliked that and were grieved by it and spoke against it. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, signed it and then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned Abu Jandal ibn Suhayl on that very day to his father, Suhayl ibn 'Amr, When any man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he returned him in that period, even if he was a Muslim. Believing emigrant women came. and Umm Kulthum bint 'Uqba ibn Abi Mu'ayt was one of those who went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Se was a young woman. Her family came to ask the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to return her when Allah Almighty sent down what He sent down about believing women."

[i.e. 60:12]

3946. It is related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to examine believing women who emigrated by this ayat, 'O Prophet! When believing women come to you pledging allegiance to you...' (60:12)"

'Urwa's uncle said, "It reached us that when Allah commanded His Messenger to return to the idolaters what they had spent on their wives who had emigrated, and we were informed that when Abu Basir came..." and he mentioned it in full.

3947. It is related from Nafi' that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar went out to make 'umra during the sedition and he said, "If I am barred from the House, we will do as we did with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." He assumed ihram for 'umra because the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had assumed ihram for 'umra in the Year of al-Hudaybiyya.

3948. It is related from Nafi' that Ibn 'Umar put on ihram and said, "If something intervenes between me and it, I will do as the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did when the unbelievers of Quraysh came between him and it." Then he recited, "You have an excellent model in the Messenger of Allah." (33:21)

3949. It is related from Nafi' that 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah and Salim ibn 'Abdullah reported that they spoke to 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar.

It is related from Nafi' that one of 'Abdullah's sons said to him, "If only you would stay home this year. I fear that you will not reach the House." He answered, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when the unbelievers of Quraysh were between him and the House. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed his sacrificial animals and shaved his head and his Companions cut their hair short." He said, "I testify to you that I went into ihram to do 'umra. If the way is clear between me and the House, I will do tawaf. If something comes between me and it, I will do as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did." Then he travelled for a time and then said, "I only think that they are the same. I testify to you that I have gone into ihram for 'umra and hajj." So he only did one tawaf and one sa'y and came out of ihram for both of them.

3950. It is related that Nafi' said, "People were saying that Ibn 'Umar became Muslim before 'Umar, but that was not the case. On the Day of al-Hudaybiyya, 'Umar sent 'Abdullah for a horse which a man of the Ansar had to fetch it for him to fight on. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was receiving allegiance under the Tree, but 'Umar was not aware of that. 'Abdullah gave him allegiance and then went to the horse and brought it to 'Umar. 'Umar was dressing for battle and he informed him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was receiving allegiance under the Tree." He said, "He went and 'Abdullah went with him until he gave allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. This is what the people were talking about when they said that Ibn 'Umar had become Muslim before 'Umar."

3951. It is related from Nafi' from Ibn 'Umar that the people were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of al-Hudaybiyya and they had separated into the shade of the trees. Then suddenly the people were around the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looking at him. He said, "'Abdullah, see why the people are around the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looking at him," He found that they were giving allegiance, so he gave allegiance and then returned to 'Umar who then went out and gave allegiance.

3952. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa said, "We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he went on 'umra. He did tawaf of the House and we did tawaf with him, he prayed and we prayed with him. He ran between Safa and Marwa and we were shielding him from the people of Makka so that no one would harm him."

3953. It is related that Abu Wa'il said, "When Sahl ibn Hunayf came from the Battle of Siffin, we went to ask about him. He said, 'You should suspect your opinions! I saw myself on the day when Abu Jandal came! If I had been able to defy the order of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, I would have defied it, but Allah and His Messenger knew best. We did not put our swords on our shoulders in the case of something which outraged us but that our swords made it easier for us to reach something we agreed to before this business. Whenever we mend one side, a breach opens on the other side and we do not know what to do about it.'"

3954. It is related that Ka'b ibn 'Ujra said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to me in the time of al-Hudaybiyya while the lice were falling onto my face. He said, 'Are your lice troubling you?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Shave your head and fast for three days or feed poor people or sacrifice a sheep.'" Ayyub said, "I do not know with which of them he started."

3955. It is related that Ka'b ibn 'Ujra said, "We with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at al-Hudaybiyya and we were in ihram and the idolaters had prevented us from continuing." He said, "I had abundant hair and the lice were falling onto my face. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by me and said, 'Are your lice troubling you?' I replied, 'Yes.'" He said, "This verse was sent down: 'If any of you are ill or have a head injury, the expiation is fasting or sadaqa or sacrifice.' (2:195)"

XXXIV: The story of 'Ukl and 'Uyayna

3956. It is related from Anas that some people of 'Ukl and 'Uyayna came to Madina to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and they professed Islam. They said, "O Prophet of Allah! We are herdsmen and we are farmers." They found Madina unwholesome and so the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded some milk camels and a herdsman for them. He told them to go out with the camels and to drink their milk and urine. They went until they were in the region of al-Harra where they recanted their Islam and murdered the herdsman of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and stole the milk camels. The news of this reached the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he sent out people after them. He commanded that nails be driven into their eyes and their hands and feet cut off and they were left in the al-Harra region until they died in that condition."

Qatada said, "It reached us that after that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, encouraged sadaqa and forbade mutilation."

Qatada said, "From 'Urayna."

Anas said, "Some people came from 'Ukl."

3957. It is related from Abu Raja', the client of Abu Qilaba who was with him in Syria that one day 'Umar ibn 'Abdu'l-'Aziz consulted the people, asking, "What do you say about this oath-taking (qasâma)?" They said, "It is a right which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the khalifs before you carried out." He said, "Abu Qilaba was behind his seat when 'Anbasa ibn Sa'id asked, 'Where is the hadith of Anas regarding the people of 'Urayna?' Abu Qilaba said, 'Anas ibn Malik related it to me.'"

Anas said, "From 'Urayna," and Abu Qilaba said from Anas, "From 'Ukl," and he mentioned the story.

XXXV: The expedition of Dhat al-Qarad

It is the raid which was launched against the milk-camels of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, three days after Khaybar.

3958. It is related that Salama ibn al-Akwa' said, "I went out before the first adhan and the milk camels of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, were being herded at Dhat al-Qarad." He said, "A a slave of 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn 'Awf met me and said, 'The milk camels of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, have been taken.' I asked, 'Who took them?' He said, 'Ghatafan and Fazara.' I gave three shouts: 'O companions!' so that I made whatever is between the two lava fields of Madina hear me. Then I rushed ahead until I caught up to them while they were watering the camels. As I was an archer, I began to shoot my arrows at them, saying:

"'I am the son of al-Akwa'
    and today is a day when the blameworthy perish!'

"I kept on chanting metric words until I rescued the milk camels from them and I also seized thirty cloaks from them." He said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the people came and I said, 'O Prophet of Allah. I have kept the people from the water and they are thirsty. Send after them straightaway.' He said, 'O son of al-Akwa'! You have been given power, so be kind.'" He said, "Then we returned and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, let me ride behind him on his she-camel until we entered Madina."

XXXVI: The expedition of Khaybar

3959. It is related from Suwayd ibn al-Nu'man that he went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of Khaybar. They travelled until they reached as-Sahba', which is near Khaybar. "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed 'Asr and then asked for food. Only sawiq was brought. He ordered that it be moistened. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ate and we ate as well. Then he got up for Maghrib and rinsed his mouth out and we also rinsed out our mouths. Then he prayed without repeating wudu'."

3960. It is related that Salama ibn al-Akwa' said, "We went out with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to Khaybar and we travelled by night. A man among the people said to 'Amir, 'O 'Amir! Won't you let us hear a little of your verses?' 'Amir was a man who was a poet and camel-chanter. He began to chant in time with the camels of the people, saying:

'O Allah, were it not for You, we would not have been guided
    nor given sadaqa nor prayed!
So forgive as ransom what we have not done,
    and send down tranquillity on us.
Make our feet firm when we meet the enemy,
    but we refuse if they desire to tempt us.
They have bayed out for help against us!'

"The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'Who is this driver?' They said, ''Amir ibn al-Akwa'.' He said, 'May Allah have mercy on him!' A man among the people said, 'It [i.e. martydrom] is mandatory, Prophet of Allah! Would that you let us enjoy him longer!' So we came to Khaybar and besieged them until we were afflicted by terrible hunger. Then Allah Almighty gave us the conquest of it over them. In the evening of the day on which they conquered them, the people kindled several fires. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'What are these fires? For what are they being kindled?' They replied, 'For meat.' He asked, 'For what meat?' They said, 'For (cooking) domestic donkeys.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Pour them out and break them.' A man said, 'O Messenger of Allah! Or can we pour them out and wash them?' He said, 'Or that.'

"When the people were formed in battle lines, 'Amir's sword was short and he went to strike the leg of a Jew and the edge of his sword came back and struck 'Amir's own knee and he died from it. " He said, "When they returned home, Salama said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,saw me and took hold of my hand and said, "What is the matter with you?" I said to him, "May my father and my mother be your ransom! They claim that 'Amir's actions are lost!" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever said that has lied. He has a double reward." He put two of his fingers together and said, "He is a striving striver. Few Arabs have achieved the like of him!"'"

Hatim said, "He grew up with it."

3961. It is related that Anas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Khaybar at night. When he came to a people at night, he would not attack them until morning. In the morning, the Jews came out carrying their spades and buckets. When they saw him, they said, 'Muhammad! By Allah, Muhammad and the army!' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw them, he said, 'Khaybar is destroyed. When we alight in the yard of a people, it is a bad morning indeed for those who have been warned.'"

3962. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "We reached Khaybar in the early morning and its people came out with spades. When they saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, they exclaimed, 'Muhammad! By Allah, Muhammad and the army!' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Allah is greater! Khaybar is destroyed. When we alight in the yard of a people, it is a bad morning indeed for those who have been warned.' We got some donkey meat and then the announcer of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, announced, 'Allah and His Messenger have forbidden you donkey meat. It is unclean.'"

3963. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said that somone came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "Donkeys have been eaten." He was silent. Then he came to him a second time and said, "Donkeys have been eaten." He was silent. Then he came to him a third time and said, "Donkeys have been eaten." Then he commanded an announcer to announce among the people, "Allah and His Messenger have forbidden you the meat of domestic donkeys." So the pots were upset while the meat was boiling in them.

3964. It is related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed Subh near Khaybar when it was dark. Then he said, 'Allah is greater! Khaybar is destroyed. When we alight in the yard of a people, it is a bad morning indeed for those who have been warned.' They came out running in the roads. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, killed the fighters and took the women and children captive. Safiyya was among the captives and she went to Dihya al-Kalbi and then she went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He made her bride-price her emancipation,"

'Abdu'l-'Aziz ibn Suhayb said to Thabit, "Abu Muhammad, did you say to Anas, 'What was her bride-price?' Thabit nodded his head to confirm it.'"

3965. It is related that 'Abdu'-l'Aziz ibn Suhayb said, "I heard Anas ibn Malik say, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took Safiyya captive and set her free and then married her.' Thabit asked Anas, 'What was her bride-price?' He said, 'Her bride-price was herself. He freed her.'"

3966. It is related from Sahl ibn Sa'd as-Sa'idi is that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the idolaters met and fought. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned to his camp, the others returned to their camp. A man among the Companions of the Messenger of Allah who would follow any of them who was separate or alone and strike him with his sword. It was said, "Today none of us has given satisfaction as so-and-so has!" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "He is one of the people of the Fire." A man of the people said, "I will accompany him." He said, "He went out with him and stopped whenever he stopped and hurried with him whenever he hurried." He said, "The man received a severe wound and hastened his death by placing the hilt of his sword in the earth and its point at his breast and then fell on his sword and killed himself. The man went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'I testify that you are the Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'What is it?' He said, 'Regarding the man you mentioned before as being one of the people of the Fire, which people thought terrible, I said, "I will go out to follow him." I went out after him. Then he received a severe wound and he hastened his death by placing the hilt on his sword in the earth and point at his breast and then he fell on it and killed himself.' At that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'A man can do the actions of the people of the Garden in what he shows to people, while he is one of the people of the Fire, and a man can do the actions of the people of the Fire in what he shows to people, while he is one of the people of the Garden.'"

3967. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "We were present at Khaybar and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said about a man with him who claimed to be a Muslim, 'This is one of the people of the Fire.' When the fighting occurred, the man fought fiercely and received several wounds. Some people nearly doubted. The man felt the pain of the wound and put his hand in his quiver and removed an arrow from it, and killed himself with it. Some of the Muslim men dashed up and said, 'Messenger of Allah. Allah has confirmed what you said, So-and-so committed suicide and killed himself!' He said, 'So-and-so, get up and announce that only a believer will enter the Garden, and Allah might support this deen with an impious man.'"

Ma'mar corroborated it from az-Zuhri.

It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "We were present with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Khaybar."

It is related from Sa'id from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

Salih corroborated it from az-Zuhri.

It is related that 'Ubaydullah ibn Ka'b said, "Someone who was present with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Khaybar related to me."

It is related from 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah and Sa'id from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

3968. It is related that Abu Musa al-Ash'ari said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, attacked Khaybar (or he said, 'When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made for Khaybar,") and the people were overlooking a valley, they would raise their voices with the takbir, 'Allah is greater! Allah is greater! There is no god but Allah!' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Be kind to yourselves! You are not calling someone who is deaf or absent. You are calling on One who is hearing, near. He is with you.' I was riding behing the animal of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he heard me saying, 'There is no power nor strength except by Allah,' and he said to me, 'O 'Abdullah ibn Qays!' I said, 'At your service, Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'Shall I direct you to a word which is one of the treasures of the Garden?' I said, 'Yes, indeed, Messenger of Allah, may my mother and father be your ransom!' He said, 'There is no power nor strength except by Allah.'"

3969. It is related that Yazid ibn Abi 'Ubayd said, "I saw the scar of a wound on Salama's leg and I asked, 'O Abu Muslim! What is this wound?' He replied, 'This is a wound which I received on the Day of Khaybar. People said, "Salama has been wounded!" I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he spat on it three times and I have had no complaint from it until now.'"

3970. It is related that Sahl said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the idolaters met in one of his expeditions and fought. Then each peopke retired to their camps. Among the Muslims was a man who would follow any of them who was separate or alone and strike him with his sword. It was said, 'Messenger of Allah, no one has given satisfaction as so-and-so has!' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'He is one of the people of the Fire.' They said, 'Which of us will be among the people of the Garden if this man is among the people of the Fire?' A man of the people said, 'I will follow him. I will be with him whether he goes fast or slow.' When he was wounded, he hastened his death by placing the hilt of his sword in the earth and its point at his breast and then fell on his sword and killed himself. The man went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'I testify that you are the Messenger of Allah.' He asked, 'What is it?' and he told him. He said, 'A man can do the actions of the people of the Garden in what he shows to people, while he is one of the people of the Fire, and he can do the actions of the people of the Fire in what he shows to people, while he is one of the people of the Garden.'"

3971. It is related that Abu 'Imran said, "Anas looked at the people on Jumu'a and saw head shawls and said, 'They look at this moment like the Jews of Khaybar.'"

3972. It is related that Salama said, "Ali ibn Abi Talib stayed behind the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, during Khaybar because he had an eye-complaint. He said, 'Can I stay behind the Prophet!' and he joined him. On the evening of the night before the morning when Khaybar was conquered, the Prophet said, 'I will give the banner - or it will be taken - tomorrow to a man whom Allah and his Messenger love, and Allah will give him victory.' We were hoping for it and it was said, 'This is 'Ali!' and he gave it to him, and Allah gave him victory."

3973. It is related that Sahl ibn Sa'd reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the Day of Khaybar, "I will give the banner to a man at whose hands Allah will conquer. He loves Allah and His Messenger, and Allah and His Messenger love him." He said, "The people spent the night wondering to whom it would be given, and in the morning all the people went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, all of them hoping to be given it. He asked, 'Where is 'Ali ibn 'Abi Talib?' He was told, 'He has something wrong with his eyes, Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'Send for him.' He was brought and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, spat in his eyes and made supplication for him, and it was healed as if there had not been anything wrong with it. He gave him the banner and 'Ali said, 'Messenger of Allah, shall I will fight them until they are like us?' He said, 'Take it easy until you arrive in their quarter and then invite them to Islam and tell them what Allah has made incumbent for them. By Allah, that one man be guided by you is better for you than having than red camels.'"

3974. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "We reached Khaybar and when Allah let him conquer the fortress, the beauty of Safiyya bint Huyayy ibn Akhtab was mentioned to him. Her husband had been killed and she was still a bride. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, chose her for himself and went with her until we reached Sadd ar-Sahba' where she became lawful and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to her in marriage. Then some hays was put on a small leather mat. Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, 'Announce it to those around you.' That was his marriage-feast for Safiyya. Then we left for Madina. I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wrapping her in his cloak behind him. Then he sat beside his camel and put his knee up and Safiyya put her foot on his knee to mount."

3975. It is related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, spent three days with Safiyya bint Huyayy on the Khaybar road where he married her. She was one of those for whom the veil was ordered."

3976. It is related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, remained between Khaybar and Madina for three nights when he married Safiyya. I invited the Muslims to his wedding feast. There was no bread or meat in it, but he only commanded Bilal to spread out a leather mat on which was placed some dates, dried yoghurt and ghee. The Muslims asked, 'Is she one of the Mothers of the Believers or his slave [lit. what his right hand owns]?' They said, 'If he veils her, then she is one of the Mothers of the Believers. If he does not veil her, then she is part of his property.' When he travelled, he made a place for her behind him and extended the veil."

3977. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Mughaffal said, "While we were laying siege to the fortress of Khaybar, someone threw a leather bag contained ghee and I rushed to get it. I turned and there was the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I was embarrassed before him."

3978. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that on the Day of Khaybar the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade eating garlic and the flesh of domestic donkeys.

The report that he forbade eating garlic is only from Nafi' while the flesh of domestic monkeys is related from Salim.

3979. It is related from 'Ali ibn Abi Talib that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade the mut'a (temporary marriage) with women on the Day of Khaybar and eating the flesh of domestic donkeys.

3980. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "On the Day of Khaybar the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade eating the flesh of domestic donkeys."

3981. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade eating the flesh of domestic donkeys."

3982. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "On the Day of Khaybar the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade eating the flesh of domestic donkeys, but allowed horse-meat."

3983. It is related that Ibn Abi Awfa said, "We were afflicted by severe hunger on the Day of Khaybar. When the pots were boiling," and he said, "some of it was cooked, the announcer of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came, 'Do not eat any of the flesh of the donkeys. Pour it out.'" Ibn Abi Awfa said, "It was related to us that he had forbidden it because of the khumus had not been taken from it, but some of them said that he forbade it absolutely because they used to eat filth."

3984. It is related from al-Bara' and 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa and they were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and got some donkeys and cooked them. Then the announcer of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, announced, "Overturn the pots."

3985. It is related that al-Bara' and 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa related that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the Khaybar when the pots had been set up, "Overturn the pots."

It is related that al-Bara' said, "We raided with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace," and the like.

3986. It is related that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded us during the Khayar expedition to throw away the meat of domestic donkeys, raw and cooked, and he did not command us to eat it later."

3987. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I do not know why the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade it because they were beasts of burden for the people and so disliked for their carriers to be removed, or he made the flesh of domestic donkeys unlawful on the Day of Khaybar."

3988. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "On the Day of Khaybar the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave the horse two shares and the man on foot one share." Nafi' explained it and said, "If a man had a horse, he got three shares and if he did not have a horse, he got one share."

3989. It is related that Jubayr ibn Mut'im said, "I and 'Uthman ibn 'Affan went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and we said, 'You have given to the Banu'l-Muttalib from the khumus of Khaybar and left us out although we have the same position with you.' He said, 'The Banu'l-Muttalib and the Banu Hashim are the same thing.'" Jubayr said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not distribute anything to the Banu 'Abdu Shams nor the Banu Nawfal."

3990. It is related that Abu Musa said, "The fact that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had departed reached us while we were in the Yemen. So we set out to emigrate to him - me and two of my brothers, and I was the youngest of them. One of them was Abu Burda and the other was Abu Ruhm. (He said either, "We were some," or "We were fifty-three or fifty-two) men of our people. We embarked on a boat and out boat took us to the Negus in Abyssinia. We found Ja'far ibn Abi Talib. We stayed with him until we all went and found the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,when he had conquered Khaybar.

"Some of the people used to say to us, i.e. the people of the ship, 'We emigrated before you. Asma' bint 'Umays, who was one of those who arrived with us, visited Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. She had emigrated to the Negus with those who emigrated. 'Umar came in to Hafsa while Asma' was with her." He said, "When 'Umar saw Asma', he asked, 'Who is this?' She said, "Asma' bint 'Umays.' 'Umar asked, 'Is this the Abyssinian? The seafarer?' Asma' replied, 'Yes.' He said, 'We emigrated before you so we are more entitled to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, than you.' She got angry and said, 'No, by Allah! While you were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who was feeding those of you who were hungry and admonishing those of you who were ignorant, we were in an abode - or a land - which was far and hated the deen, in Abyssinia, and that was for the sake of Allah and His Messenger. By Allah, I will not eat any food nor drink anything until I mention what you have said to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace! We were being abused and made to fear. I will mention that to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I will ask him! By Allah, I will not lie nor deviate nor add anything to it!' When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came, she said, 'O Prophet of Allah! 'Umar said such-and-such.' He asked, 'And what did you say to him?' She replied, 'I said such-and-such to him.' He said, 'He is not more entitled to me than you. He and his companions have one emigration while you - the people of the ship - have two emigrations.' She said, 'I saw Abu Musa and the people of ship coming to me in successive groups to ask me about this hadith, and there was nothing in the world which delighted them more or what was more important to them that what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to them.'"

Abu Burda said, "Asma' said, 'I saw Abu Musa when he was asking me to repeat this hadith.'"

3991. It is related that Abu Musa said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I recognise the voices of the group of al-Ash'arites with the Qur'an when they go into their homes at night, and I recognise their houses from their voices chanting the Qur'an at night, even if I have not seen they houses when they went into them in the day. One of them is Hakim who, when he met the cavalry (or he said, "the enemy"), said to them, 'My companions order you to wait for them.'"

3992. It is related that Abu Musa said, "We came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, after he had conquered Khaybar and he gave us a share and he did not give a share to anyone who was not present at Khaybar except for us."

3993. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "We conquered Khaybar and did not take as booty either gold nor silver. We took cattle, camels, goods and gardens. Then we went with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to Wadi al-Qura. He had with him a slave of his called Mid'am whom one of the Banu'd-Dibbab. While he was removing the saddle of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, a stray arrow came and hit that slave. The people said, 'Welcome to martyrdom for him!' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Rather, by the One who has my soul in His hand, the cloak which he took from the booty on the Day of Khaybar before the distribution has been kindled into fire on him.' Then a man who had heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say that brought one or two straps and said, 'This is something I took.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'One - or two - straps of fire.'"

3994. It is related that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "By the One in whose hand my soul is, were it not that I I might leave other Muslims poor without nothing, I would have distributed every village I conquered among its people as the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, distributed Khaybar, but I leave it as a treasury which they can distribute."

3995. It is related that 'Umar said, "If it were not for other Muslims, I would have distributed every village I conquered among its people as the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, distributed Khaybar."

3996. It is related that Abu Hurayra went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and asked him [for a share]. One of the sons of Sa'id ibn al-'As said, "Do not give it to him!" Abu Hurayra said, "This is the murderer of Ibn Qawqal!' He said, "How strange! A desert weasel? slips down from Qadum Da'n!"

It is related that Abu Hurayra reported to Sa'd ibn al-'As, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent Aban on a raid from Madina in the direction of Najd." Abu Hurayra said, "Aban and his companions came to the Prophet,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Khaybar after he had conquered it, and the reins of their horses were made of palm fibre." Abu Hurayra said, "I said, 'Messenger of Allah, do not give them a share!' Aban said, 'You say this, you desert weasel, coming down from the top of Da'n?' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Aban! Sit down!' and he did not give them a share."

3997. It is related from Sa'id that Aban ibn Sa'id came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and greeted him. Abu Hurayra said, 'O Messenger of Allah! This is the murderer of Ibn Qawqal!" Aban said to Abu Hurayra, "How strange you are! A desert weasel?slips down to us from Qadum Da'n, blaming me for killing someone man whom Allah has honoured at my hands and whom He forbade to disgrace me at his hands."

3998. It is related from 'A'isha that Fatima, peace be upon her, the daughter of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent to Abu Bakr to ask for her share of the inheritance from what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, left of the spoils in Madina and Fadak which Allah had given him, and what was left of the khumus of Khaybar. Abu Bakr said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'We do not bequeath inheritance. What we leave is sadaqa. The family of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, eat from this property.' I will not alter anything of the sadaqa of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from the state which it had in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I will only act in it as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, acted." So Abu Bakr refused to give Fatima any of it. Therefore Fatima got angry with Abu Bakr on that account and dissociated herself from him and did not speak to him until she died. She lived for six months after the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When she died, her husband 'Ali buried her at night and did not inform Abu Bakr, and prayed over her.

While Fatima was alive, people had esteem for 'Ali, but when she died, 'Ali noticed a change indicating dislike in people's faces. Therefore he sought a reconciliation with Abu Bakr and gave him his allegiance, and he had not given allegiance during those months. 'Ali sent to Abu Bakr, "Come to us and do not let anyone come with you," disliking for 'Umar to be present. 'Umar said, "No, by Allah, you will not go into them alone!" Abu Bakr said, "What do you think that they do to me? By Allah, I will go them!"

So Abu Bakr went in to them and 'Ali said the shahada and then said, "We acknowledge your excellence and what Allah has given you and we do not envy you the good which Allah has caused to come to you, but you acted independently of us in the business and we thought that we had a portion in it because of our closeness to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." So Abu Bakr's eyes filled with tears. When Abu Bakr spoke, he said, "By the One who has my soul in His hand! I prefer to maintain my ties with the relatives of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, than to maintain ties with my own relatives. As for the conflict which arose between you and me about these properties, I will not be remiss in seeing that good is done in it and I will not abandon anything which I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do with them, without doing it." Then 'Ali said to Abu Bakr, "I promise you that I will give allegiance in the afternoon." When Abe Bakr had prayed Dhuhr, he went up the minbar and said the tashahhud and mentioned the business of 'Ali and how he had refrained from giving allegiance and excused him for the excuses he had made. Then 'Ali asked for forgiveness and said the tashahhud and esteemed Abu Bakr's right and said that he had not been moved to what he did on account of any jealousy towards Abu Bakr nor any aversion to the preference which Allah had bestowed on him, "but we used to consider that we had a portion in this business and he acted independently of us and we felt aggrieved in ourselves." The Muslims were happy about that and said, "You have done the right thing." The Muslims were friendly to 'Ali when he returned the correct business."

3999. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When Khaybar was conquered, we said, 'Now we will have our fill of dates.'"

4000. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "We have had our fill of dates since we conquered Khaybar."

XXXVII: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointing someone as agent for the people of Khaybar

4001. It is related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri and Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed a man as an agent in Khaybar who brought him some dates of a really excellent kind. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, "Are all the dates of Khaybar like this?" He replied, "No, by Allah, Messenger of Allah. We take one sa' of this kind for two sa's and two sa's for three sa's." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not do that. Sell the worse ones for dirhams and then buy the good ones with those dirhams."

It is related from Abu Sa'id and Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a brother of the Banu 'Adi from the Ansar to Khaybar and put him in charge of it.

The like of it is related from Abu Sa'id and Abu Hurayra.

XXXVIII: How the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, dealt with the people of Khaybar

4002. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, rented Khaybar to the Jews to work it and cultivate it on the basis that they would have half of what it produced."

XXXIX: The sheep which was poisoned and given to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Khaybar

'Urwa transmitted it from 'A'isha from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

4003. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "When Khaybar was conquered, a poisoned sheep was presented to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

XL: The expedition of Zayd ibn Haritha

4004. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, put Usama ibn Zayd in command over some people. Some people disparaged his being in command and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If you disparage him being in command, you also disaparaged the leadership of his father before. By Allah, he was worthy of command and he was one of the most beloved of people to me, and this is one of the most beloved of people to me after him.'"

XLI: The Fulfilled 'Umra ('Umra al-Qada')

Anas mentioned it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

4005. It is related that al-Bara' said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went on 'umra during Dhu'l-Qa'da, but the people of Makka refused to let him enter Makka until he completed an agreement with them that he would remain there three days. When they wrote the document, they wrote, 'This is what Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, decides.' They said, 'We will not ratify this. If we knew that you were the Messenger of Allah, we would not have prevented you at all. Rather you are Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah' He said, 'I am the Messenger of Allah, and I am Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah.' Then he told 'Ali, 'Rub out "Messenger of Allah".' He said, 'No, by Allah, I will never rub you out.' So the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took the document, although he could not write well and wrote, 'This is what Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah decides. No weapon will enter Makka except in a sheath. None of its people will go out if he wishes to follow him and he will not prevent any of his Companions who wishes to remain there.' When they entered it and the term was over, they went to 'Ali and said, 'Tell your companion to leave us for the term is over.' So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, left and they were followed by the daughter of Hamza, calling out, "Uncle! Uncle!' 'Ali met her and took her hand and he said to Fatima, peace be upon her, 'Here is the daughter of your uncle. Carry her.' 'Ali, Zayd and Ja'far quarrelled over her. 'Ali said, 'I am more entitled to her. She is my uncle's daughter.' Ja'far said, 'She is my uncle's daughter and her maternal aunt is married to me.' Zayd said, 'She is the daughter of my brother.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, judged that she should go with her maternal aunt and said, 'The maternal aunt is in the position of the mother.' He said to 'Ali, 'You are from me and I am from you.' He said to Ja'far, 'You are like me in character and physique.' He said to Zayd, 'You are our brother and our client.' 'Ali said, 'Won't you marry Hamza's daughter?' He replied, 'She is the daughter of my milk brother.'"

4006. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent out to make 'umra, but the unbelievers of Quraysh came between him and the House. So he slaughtered his sacrificial camels and shaved his head at al-Hudaybiyya and made an agreement with them that he would make 'umra the following year and they would carry no weapons except swords, and they would only stay there at long as they wished. So he made 'umra the following year and entered it in accordance with their peace agreement. When he had remained there three days, they ordered him to leave, and he left."

4007. It is related that Mujahid said, "'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr and I entered the mosque and found 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar sitting next to the room of 'A'isha. He said, 'How many times did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do 'umra?' He said, 'Four times: once in Rajab.' We heard 'A'isha, Umm al-Mu'minin, cleaning her teeth and so 'Urwa said, 'O Umm al-Mu'minin! Do you not hear what Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman is saying? He says that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went on 'umra four times, one of which was in Rajab.' She said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not do any 'umra but that he was present with him. He never went on 'umra in Rajab.'"

4008. It is related that Ibn Abi Awfa said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did 'umra, we shielded him from the boys of the idolaters and from them lest they should injure the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

4009. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions arrived and the idolaters said, 'A delegation has come to you which has been weakened by the fever of Yathrib.' So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded them to walk fast for the first three circuits, walking normally between the two corners. If it had not been for his kind-heartedness towards them he would have commanded them to walk fast for every one of the circuits."

It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, arrived in the year in which he had been promised security, he said, 'Walk fast' in order to show the idolaters their strength. They idolaters were in the direction of Qu'ayqi'an."

[Qu'ayqi'an: a mountain in Makka.]

4010. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went fast at the House and between Safa and Marwa to show the idolaters his strength."

4011. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, married Maymuna while he was in ihram, but consummated the marriage after he was out of ihram. She died at Saraf."

It is added that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, married Maymuna during the Fulfilled 'Umra."

XLII: The expedition to Mu'ta in the land of Syria

4012. It is related from Nafi' that Ibn 'Umar reported to him that he stood over Ja'far on that day when he had been killed and counted fifty wounds, from stabs or strokes, and none of them was on his back."

4013. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, put Zayd ibn Haritha in command of the Mu'ta expedition. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If Zayd is killed, then Ja'far. If Ja'far is killed, then 'Abdullah ibn Rawaha.'" 'Abdullah said, "I was with them in that expedition and we searched for Ja'far ibn Abi Talib and found him among the slain and we found about ninety wounds om his body - from stab or shots."

4014. It is related from Anas, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, announced the deaths of Zayd, Ja'far and Ibn Rawaha to the people before their news had arrived. He said, "Zayd took the standard and was struck down. Then Ja'far took it and was struck down. Then Ibn Rawaha took it and was struck down,' and his eyes were weeping. 'Then one of the swords of Allah took the banner until Allah gave them victory.'"

4015. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When the news arrived of the deaths of Ibn Haritha, Ja'far ibn Abi Talib and 'Abdullah ibn Rawaha, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sat down and his grief was clearly visible. I was looking through a crack in the door. A man came to him and said, 'Messenger of Allah, the women of Ja'far.'" She said, "And he mentioned their weeping. He told him to forbid them." He said, "The man went and then returned saying that he had forbidden them but they had not obeyed him." He said, "He commanded him to go again, and he went and returned yet again and said, 'By Allah, they are too much for us.'" She claimed that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Put dust in their mouths." 'A'isha said, "I said. 'May Allah rub your nose in the dust! By Allah, you did not do what he ordered you to do nor did you spare the Messenger of Allah's distress!'"

4016. It is related that 'Amir said, "Whenever Ibn 'Umar greeted Ibn Ja'far, he would say, 'Peace be upon you, son of the one with two wings.'"

4017. It is related that Khalid ibn al-Walid said, "On the Day of Mu'ta, nine swords broke in my hand and I only had left a Yemeni broadsword in my hand."

4018. It is related that Khalid ibn al-Walid said, "On the Day of Mu'ta, nine swords shattered in my hand and I only had left a Yemeni broadsword in my hand."

4019. It is related that an-Nu'man ibn Bashir said, "'Abdullah ibn Rawaha fainted and his sister 'Amra began to weep and say, 'What a paragon he was!' and this and that, repeating them. When he recovered consciousness, he said, 'You did not say anything without it being said to me, "Are you really like that?"'"

4020. It is related that an-Nu'man ibn Bashir said, "'Abdullah ibn Rawaha fainted..." with this hadith. "So when he died, she did not weep over him."

XLIII: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sending Usama ibn Zayd to al-Huruqat, a tribe of Juhayna

4021. It is related that Usama ibn Zayd said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent us to al-Huraqa, and in the morning we defeated the people, I and a man of the Ansar caught up to one of their men. When we overpowered him, he said, 'There is no god but Allah.' The Ansari held back from him and I stabbed him with my spear until I killed him. When we arrived, that reached the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'O Usama, did you kill him after he said, "There is no god but Allah"? I said. "He was trying to save himself.' He continued to repeat it until I wished that I had not become Muslim before that day."

4022. It is related that Salama ibn al-Akwa' said, "I went on seven expeditions with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I went out in nine expeditions which he sent out. Once Abu Bakr was our commander and once it was Usama."

It is related that Salama ibn al-Akwa' said, "I went out on seven expeditions with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and also went out in nine expeditions which he sent out. One Abu Bakr was in charge of us and once it was Usama.

4023. It is related that Salama ibn al-Akwa' said, "I went on seven expeditions with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I raided with Ibn Haritha when he was put in command over us."

4024. It is related that Salama ibn al-Akwa' said, "I went on seven expeditions with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." Then he mentioned Khaybar, al-Hudaybiya, the Battle of Hunayn, and the Battle of al-Qarad." Yazid said, "I forgot the rest of them."

XLIV: The expedition of the Conquest and what Hatib ibn Abi Balta'a sent to the people of Makka to inform them about the expedition of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace

4025. It is related that 'Ubaydullah ibn Abi Rafi' said, "I heard 'Ali say, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, dispatched me, az-Zubayr and al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad, saying, "Go until you reach the meadow Khakh. There will be a woman in a howdah with a letter. Take it from her." He said, "We went out and made our horses gallop until we reached the meadow and found the woman. We ordered her, "Produce the letter." She replied, "I do not have a letter." We said, "You will bring out the letter or we will take your clothes." She brought it out from her plaided hair. We took it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and it contained something from Hatib ibn Abi Balta'a to some of the idolaters among the people of Makka, informing them about some of the business of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, "O Hatib, what is this?" He replied, "O Messenger of Allah, do not be hasty with me. I am a man who was attached to the Quraysh." He said, "I was an ally, but I was not one of them while those of the Muhajirun with you have relatives in Makka who will protect their family and property. Since I lacked that lineage among them, I wanted to do them some favour with which to protect my relatives. I did not do it out of disbelief or apostasy, nor out of being pleased with disbelief after Islam." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "He has told you the truth."

'Umar said, "O Messenger of Allah, let me strike off the head of this hypocrite!" He replied, "He was present at Badr and what will inform you? Perhaps Allah looked down on the people of Badr and said, 'Do what you like. I have forgiven you.'"'

So Allah sent down the sura, 'O you who believe! Do not take My enemy and your enemy as friends, showing love for them when they have rejected the truth that has come to you - to His words - Any of you who do that have strayed from the Right Way.' (60:1)"

XLV: The expedition of the Conquest during Ramadan

4026. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made the expedition of the Conquest during Ramadan."

Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab was heard to say the like of it.

It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, fasted until he reached al-Kadid, a water source between Qudayd and 'Usfan - where he broke his fast. He broke his fast until the end of the month."

4027. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set out from Madina in Ramadan with ten thousand men, eight and a half years after he had arrived in Madina. He and the Muslims with him went to Makka and he and they were fasting until they reached al-Kadid, a water source between Qudayd and 'Usfan - where he broke his fast and the rest of the people broke their fast."

Az-Zuhri said, "One takes the latest command of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

4028. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set off for Hunayn in Ramadan and the people disagreed, some were fasting and some were not fasting. When he was upright on his camel, he asked for a glass of milk or water and put it on his hand (or on his camel). Then he looked at the people and said to the fasters and those who were not fasting, 'Break your fast.'"

It is related from Ibn 'Abbas, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out in the year of the Conquest."

It is related from Ibn 'Abbas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

4029. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, travelled in Ramadan and fasted until he reached 'Usfan. Then he called for a vessel of water and drank during the day so that the people would see him and ceased fasting until he reached Makka."

Ibn 'Abbas used to say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, both fasted and broke his fast in the journey. So whoever wishes to can fast and whoever wishes to can break his fast.

XLVII: Where the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, fixed the standard on the Day of the Conquest

4030. It is related that Hisham's father said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, travelled in the year of the Conquest, Quraysh heard about that and Abu Sufyan ibn Harb, Hakim ibn Hiram and Budayl ibn Warqa' went out to look for news of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. They travelled until they reached Marr az-Zahran and there were fires like the fires of 'Arafa. Abu Sufyan asked, 'What is this? It looks like the fires of 'Arafa!' Budayl ibn Warqa' replied, 'The fires of the Banu 'Amr.' Abu Sufyan said, ''Amr are less than that.' Some of the sentries of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw them and caught them and brought them to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Abu Sufyan became Muslim. When the Prophet travelled, he told al-'Abbas, 'Keep Abu Sufyan at the peak of the mountain so that he can see the Muslims.' Al-'Abbas kept him there while the tribes began to pass with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passing squadron after squadron in front of Abu Sufyan. A squadron passed and he asked, ''Abbas, who are these?' He rplied, 'These are Ghifar.' He said, 'I have nothing to do with Ghifar.' Then Juhayna passed and he said the like of that. Then Sa'd ibn Hudhaym passed and he said the like of that. Sulaym passed and he said the like of that, until a squadron pased whose like he had not seen. He asked, 'Who are these?' He said, 'These are the Ansar led by Sa'd ibn 'Ubada who has the standard.' Sa'd ibn 'Ubada said, 'O Abu Sufyan! Today is the day of battle. Today the Ka'ba will be made lawful!' Abu Sufyan said, 'O 'Abbas, how splendid the day of raging war is!' Then a squadron came, which was the smallest of the squadrons, among which were the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions. The banner of the Prophet* was with az-Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by Abu Sufyan, he said, 'Do you know what Sa'd ibn 'Ubada said?' He asked, 'What did he say?' He said, 'Such-and-such.' He said, 'Sa'd lied. Rather this is a day in which Allah will exalt the Ka'ba, and a day in which the Ka'ba will be covered.'" He said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded that his banner be fixed at al-Hajun."

It is related from Nafi' ibn Jubayr, "I heard al-'Abbas say to az-Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam, ''Abdullah! It is here that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commands you to fix the banner.'"

He said, "On that day the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded Khalid ibn al-Walid to enter from the upper part of Makka from Kada' while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered from Kuda. On that day two men of the cavalry of Khalid ibn al-Walid were killed: Hubaysh ibn al-Ash'ar and Kurz ibn Jabir al-Fihri.

4031. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Mughaffal said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of the Conquest on his she-camel, reciting Surat al-Fath, his voice quivering with it. He [Mu'awiya ibn Qurra] said, "Were I not afraid that the people would gather, I would chant it as he chanted it."

4032. It is related that Usama ibn Zayd said in the time of the Conquest, "Messenger of Allah, where will you stay tomorrow? In your house in Makka?" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, replied, "Did 'Aqil leave us any house?" Then he said, "The believer does not inherit from the unbeliever nor the unbeliever from the believer."

Az-Zuhri was asked, "Who inherited from Abu Talib?" He replied, "'Aqil and Talib inherited."

Ma'mar has from az-Zuhri, "Where will you stay tomorrow" in his hajj, and Yunus did not say, "in his hajj nor 'in the time of the Conquest.'"

4033. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah. may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If Allah gives us victory, Prophet willing, our stopping place will be al-Khayf, where they took the oath of disbelief."

4034. It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said when we made for Hunayn, 'Our stopping place tomorrow will, Allah willing, be Khayf Bani Kinana where they took the oath of disbelief.'"

4035. It is related from Anas ibn Malik, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered Makka in the year of the Conquest with a helmet on his head. When he removed it, a man came and said, 'Ibn Khatal is holding onto the cover of the Ka'ba.' He said, 'Kill him.'"

Malik said, "On that day, as far we know - and Allah knows best - the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was not in ihram."

4036. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered Makka in the year of the Conquest and there were 360 idols around the House. He began to poke them with a stick in his hand saying, 'Truth has come and falsehood has vanished,' (17:81) 'The Truth has come. Falsehood cannot originate or regenerate.' (34:49)"

4037. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Makka, he refused to enter the House as long as there were idols in it. He commanded that they be taken out and they were. They brought out a picture showing Ibrahim and Isma'il holding divining arrows in their hands. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Allah fight them! They know that neither of them ever divined with them.' Then he entered the House and said the takbir in each of its corners but went out without praying in it."

Ma'mar corroborated it from Ayyub.

It is related from 'Ikrima from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

LXVII: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entering from the upper part of Makka

4038. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar £ that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came on the Day of the Conquest from the upper part of Makka on his riding-camel and Usama ibn Zayd was riding behind him. Bilal and 'Uthman ibn Talha, who was one of the gatekeepers, were with him. He made his camel kneel in the mosque and commanded him to bring the key of the House. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered the House with Usama ibn Zayd, Bilal, and 'Uthman ibn Talha. He remained in it a long time and then went out and the people rushed up, 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar was the first to enter and he found Bilal standing behind the door. He asked him, "Where did the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray?" He pointed to the place where he had prayed. 'Abdullah said, "I forgot to ask him how many prostrations he had made."

4039. It is related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered on the Day of the Conquest from Kada', which is in the upper part of Makka."

Abu Usama and Wuhayb corroborated him in Kada'.

4040. It is related from Hisham's father, "In the Year of the Conquest, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered from Kada' from the upper part of Makka."

XLVIII: The camping of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of the Conquest

4041. It is related that Ibn Abi Layla said, "No one but Umm Hani' informed us that they had seen the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray Duha. She mentioned that on the day Makka was conquered, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did ghusl in her house and prayed eight rak'ats. 'I never saw him do a more rudimentary prayer than it, but he did a complete ruku' and sujud.'"

4042. It is related that 'A'isha said, "In his ruku' and sujud the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, 'Glory be to You, O Allah, our Lord, and with Your praise. O Allah, forgive me!'"

4043. It is related from Sa'id ibn Jubayr about that Ibn 'Abbas said, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab used to let me enter with the shaykhs of Badr. 'One of them asked, 'Why do you let this lad enter with us when we have sons of the same age?Õ He said, 'He is from what you know.'"

He said, "One day he invited them and invited me with them, and I only think that he invited me on that day in order to show them something about me. He said, 'What do you say about, 'When Allah's help and victory have arrived and you have seen people entering Allah's deen in droves,' to the end of the sura (110) Some of them said, 'We are commanded to praise Allah and to ask His forgiveness when we are given help and are given victory,' and some of them said, 'We do not know' or did not say anything. He said to me, 'Ibn 'Abbas, is that what you say?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'And what do you say?' I said, 'It is the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, being informed by Allah of the end of his life. 'When Allah's help and victory have arrived' is the Conquest of Makka. That is the sign of your term. "Then glorify your Lord's praise and ask His forgiveness. He is the Ever-Returning."' 'Umar said, 'I do not know other than what you know of it.'"

4044. It is related that Abu Shurayh al-'Adawi said to 'Amr ibn Sa'id when he was sending his troops to Makka, "O Amir! Let me tell you what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the day after the Conquest of Makka which I heard with my own ears and grasped with my heart and my eyes saw him when he uttered it. He praised and glorified Allah and then said, 'Makka was made a sanctuary by Allah and not by people. So it is not lawful for anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day to shed blood in it or cut down a tree in it. If anyone allows it because the Messenger of Allah fought in it, then say that Allah gave His Messenger permission and he did not give you permission. I was only given permission in it for a single hour of one day, and now its sanctity has reverted to what it was previously. Let the one who is present convey to the one who absent.'" Abu Shurayh was asked, "What did 'Amr say?" He said that 'Amr said, "I know better than you, Abu Shurayh. The Haram does not give refuge to one who rebels, to any fugitive killer, nor anyone who flees after taking something unlawfully."

Abu 'Abdullah said that kharba means that which is wasted.

4045. It is related from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say in the year of the Conquest when he was in Makka, "Allah and His Messenger have forbidden trading in wine."

XLIX: The stay of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Makka in the time of the Conquest

4046. It is related that Anas said, "We prayed with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for ten days during which he shortened the prayer."

4047. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stayed in Makka for nineteen days in which he prayed two rak'ats."

4048. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "We stayed with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for nineteen days on a journey during which he shortened the prayers." Ibn 'Abbas said, "When we travel somewhere for nineteen days we would shorten the prayer but if we stayed longer we would do the full prayer."

L: Those who were present at the Conquest of Makka

4049. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn Tha'laba ibn Su'ayr whose face the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, touched in the year of the Conquest...

4050. It is related from az-Zuhri, "While we were with Ibn al-Musayyab, Sunayn Abi Jamila reported to us. Abu Jamila stated that he had met the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and had gone out with him in the year of the Conquest.

4051. It is related from 'Amr ibn Salima.

Ayyub said, "Abu Qilaba said to me, 'Will you not meet him and question him?' So I met him and questioned him and he said: 'We were at a water place much-frequented by people, and the caravans would pass by us and we would ask the people, "What is wrong with the people? What is wrong with the people? Who is this man?" They would say, "He claims that Allah has sent him and has revealed to him (or "that Allah has revealed such-and-such") .I used to memorise those words and it was as if that was fixed in my heart, The Arabs waited until the Conquest to become Muslim. They used to say, "Leave him and his people. If he overcomes them, then he is a truthful Prophet." When the Conquest took place, all the people rushed to become Muslim, and my father rushed to become Muslim before his people. When he arrived back, he said, "By Allah, I have truly come to you from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,. He said, "Pray such-and-such a prayer at such-and-such a time, and pray such-and-such a prayer at such-and-such a time. When the time of the prayer comes, then let one of you announce it, and let the one of you who has the most Qur'an lead you." They looked and there was no one who had more Qur'an than me since I used to learn it from the caravans. They put me in front of them when I was only about six or seven years old, wearing a cloak. When I prostrated, I was exposed. A woman of the tribe said, "Will you not cover the ass of your recitor?" So they bought and made a shirt for me. I have never so happy with anything as I was with that shirt.'"

4052. It is related from 'A'isha from the Prophet*.

It is related that 'A'isha said, "'Utba ibn Abi Waqqas took an undertaking from his brother, Sa'd, to take the son of the slavegirl of Zam'a. 'Utba said, 'He is my son.' When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Makka during the Conquest, Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas took the son of the slavegirl of Zam'a and took him to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and 'Abd ibn Zam'a went with him. Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas said, 'He is the son of my brother. He entrusted his son to me.' 'Abd ibn Zam'a said, 'Messenger of Allah, this is my brother. This is the son of Zam'a. He was born on his bed.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked at the son of Zam'a's slavegirl and he was the person with the closest resemblance to 'Utba ibn Abi Waqqas. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'He is yours. He is your brother, 'Abd ibn Zam'a,' because he was born on his bed. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Veil yourself from him, Sawda,' because of the resemblance he saw in him to 'Utba ibn Abi Waqqas."

'A'isha said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The child belongs to the bed and stones belong to the adulterer." Ibn Shihab said that Abu Hurayra used to state that publicly.

4053. It is related from 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr that s woman stole in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, during the expedition of the conquest. Her people went to Usama ibn Zayd to ask him to intercede. 'Urwa said, "When Usama spoke to him aboout her, the face of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, changed and he said, 'How can you speak to me when it is a case of one of the legal punishments of Allah Almighty?' Usama said, 'Ask forgiveness for me, Messenger of Allah.' In the evening, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up and spoke and praised Allah as He deserves and then said, 'Following on from that, the people before you were destroyed because when a noble among them stole, they let him be, but when the weak among them stole, they carried out the legal punishment on them. By the One who has the soul of Muhammad in His hand, if Fatima the daughter of Muhammad were to steal, I would cut off her hand.' Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded that that woman's hand be cut off. She repented well after that and married. 'A'isha said, 'She used to come after that and present her need to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'"

4054. It is related that Mujashi' said, "I brought my brother to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, after the Conquest and I said, 'Messenger of Allah, I have brought you my brother to take allegiance based on emigration.' He said, 'The people of emigration have taken what is in it.' I said, 'On what basis will you take his allegiance?' He said, "I will take his allegiance based on Islam, belief, and jihad.'"

[Abu 'Uthman said,] "I met Abu Ma'bad later and he was the elder of them, and asked him and he said, "Mujashi' spoke the truth."

4055. It is related that Mujashi' ibn Mas'ud said, "I went with Abu Ma'bad to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to give him allegiance based on emigration." He said, 'Emigration has passed to its people. I will take his allegiance based on Islam, belief, and jihad.'

[Abu 'Uthman said,] "I met Abu Ma'bad later and and asked him and he said, "Mujashi' spoke the truth."

It is related from Mujashi' that he brought his brother Mujalid.

4056. It is related from Mujahid, "I said to Ibn 'Umar, 'I want to emigrate to Syria.' He said, 'There is no emigration, but only jihad. Go and offer yourself, and if you find something, then do it. Otherwise, good back.

It is related from Mujahid, "I said to Ibn 'Umar, and he said, 'There is no emigration today, ' or after the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,' the like of it."

4057. It is related from Mujahid ibn Jabr al-Makki that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to say, 'There is no emigration after the Conquest.'"

4058. It is related that 'Ata' ibn Abi Rabah said, "I visited 'A'isha with 'Ubayd ibn 'Umayr al-Laythi and he asked her about emigration. She said, 'There is no emigration today. One of the believers would flee with his deen to Allah Almighty and to His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, fearing that he would be tempted in it. Today Allah has made Islam victorious and the believer can worship his Lord wherever he wishes, but there is jihad and intention.'"

4059. It is related from Mujahid that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up on the Day of the Conquest and said, "Allah made Makka a sanctuary on the day He created the heavens and earth, and it will remain sanctified by the sanctification of Allah until the Day of Rising. It was not lawful for anyone before me to violate it and will not be lawful for anyone after me. It was only made lawful for me for one hour of time. Its game is not to be chased nor its trees cut nor its thorn bushes uprooted down nor is any dropped thing picked up in it lawful, except by someone who announces that he has done so". Al-'Abbas ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib said, "Except for the idhkhir plant, Messenger of Allah, which is needed for the use of our goldsmiths and our houses!" Then he was silent and then then said, "Except for the idhkhir plant. It is lawful."

LI: The words of Allah Almighty:

"Allah has helped you on many occasions, including the Day of Hunayn when your great numbers delighted you but did not help you in any way, and the earth seemed narrow to you for all its great breadth, and you turned your backs. Then Allah sent down His Serenity on His Messenger and on the believers, and sent down troops you could not see, and punished those who rejected. That is how the rejectors are repaid. Then after that Allah will turn towards anyone He wills. Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful." (9:26-27)

4060. It is related that Isma'il said, "I saw a scar on the hand of Ibn Abi Awfa and he said, 'I received it with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the Battle of Hunayn.' I said, 'You were present at Hunayn?' He said, 'Yes, and before it.'"

4061. It is related from al-Bara' that a man came to him and said , "O Abu 'Umara! Did you retreat on the day of Hunayn?" He said, "I testify that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not retreat. However, the hasty people rushed away and Hawazin shot at them. Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith had hold of the head of his white mule and the Prophet was saying, 'I am the Prophet and it is no lie. I am the son of 'Abdu'l-Muttalib.'

4062. It is related that Abu Ishaq said, "While I was listening, al-Bara' was asked, 'Did you retreat with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the day of Hunayn?' He replied, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not retreat. They were archers and he was saying, "'I am the Prophet and it is no lie. I am the son of 'Abdu'l-Muttalib."'"

4063. It is related that a man of Qays asked al-Bara', "Did you flee from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of Hunayn?" He said, "But the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not flee. Hawazin are archers. When we attacked them, they were routed. We swooped on the booty and were met with arrows. I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on his while mule and Abu Sufyan ibn al-Harith had hold of its rein and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was saying, 'I am the Prophet and it is no lie. I am the son of 'Abdu'l-Muttalib.'"

Isra'il and Zuhayr said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, dismounted from his mule."

4064. It is related from Marwan ibn al-Hakam and al-Miswar ibn Makhrama that when the delegation of Hawazin came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as Muslims, he stood up. They asked him to restore to them their property and their people who had been captured. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to them, 'Along with me are those whom you se. The statement I love the most is the one which is most sincere. Choose one of the two - either the captives or the property. I have delayed distributing them.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had waited for them for about ten days after returning from Ta'if. When it was apparent to them that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would only return one of the two to them, they said, 'We choose the captives.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up among the Muslims and praised Allah as He deserves and then said, 'Following on from that: these brothers of yours have come in repentance and I think that the captives should be returned to them. Any of you who are happy with this should do that. Any of you who want to keep their share until we can pay him from the first spoils which Allah brings us may do that. The people said, 'We are happy to do that in their case for the sake of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'We do not know which of you have allowed it and which have not. Go back so that your leaders can inform us of your decision.' The people went back and their leaders spoke to them and then they returned to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him, 'They are happy with that and give their permission.'" "This is what reached me about the captives of Hawazin."

4065. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that 'Umar said, "Messenger of Allah..."

It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "When we returned from Hunayn, 'Umar asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about a vow he had made during the time of Jahiliyya to do i'tikaf and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded him to fulfill it."

It is related from Ibn 'Umar.

It is related from Ibn 'Umar from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

4066. It is related that Abu Qatada said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of Hunayn. When we met them, the Muslims were routed. I saw a man of the idolaters over a man of the Muslims, and I struck him from behind and hit with the sword on the shoulder vein and cut his armour. He turned against me and seized me so fiercely that I felt death approaching. Then death overcame him and he released me. I caught up to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab and said, 'What is wrong with the people?' He said, 'The command of Allah, the Mighty and exalted.' Then they returned. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sat and said, 'Whoever killed someone and has proof of it will have his spoils.' I stood up and said, 'Who will testify for me?' Then I sat down. Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said the same thing and I stood up and said, 'Who will testify for me?' Then I sat down. Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said the like of it a third time. I stood up and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'What is wrong, Abu Qatada?' I recounted the story to him and a man said, 'He spoke the truth. I have his spoils with me, so compensate him on my behalf.' Abu Bakr said, 'No, by Allah, he will not go to one of the lions of Allah who fought for Allah and His Mesenger to give you his spoils.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'He spoke the truth. Give it to him,' and he gave them to me and I sold the armour and with it I bought a garden in the Banu Salama, and it was the first property which I gained in Islam.'"

4067. It is related that Abu Qatada said, "In the Battle of Hunayn, I saw a man of the Muslims who was fighting a man of the idolaters and another idolworshipper was creeping up from behind him to kill him. I hurried to the one who was trying to trick him and he raiused his hand to strike me and I struck off his hand, Then he grabbed me and squeezed me so fiercely that I was alarmed. Then he stopped and loosened his hold and I pushed him and then killed him. The Muslims were routed and I was routed with them. Then there was 'Umar ibn al-Khattab among the people and I said to him, 'What is wrong with the people?' He said, 'The command of Allah.' Then the people returned to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Whoever has proof of someone he killed will have his spoils.' I stood up looking for proof of the one I had killed, but I did not see anyone who would testify for me, so I sat down. Then it occurred to me mentioned the business to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and a man who was sitting with him said, 'The weapons of this slain man whom he mentioned are with me, so compensate him on my behalf.' Abu Bakr said, 'No, he will not give to a fledging of Quraysh and leave one of the lions of Allah who fought for Allah and His Messenger.'" He said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up and gave it to me and I used them to buy a garden, and it was the first property which I gained in Islam."

LII: The expedition of Awtas

4068. It is related that Abu Musa said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished at Hunayn, he sent Abu 'Amir at the head of an army to Awtas. He met Durayd ibn as-Simma and Durayd was killed and Allah defeated his companions." Abu Musa said, "He sent me with Abu 'Amir and Abu 'Amir was shot in his knee. A man of Jushm shot him with an arrow, I got to him and said, 'Uncle, who has shot you?' He pointed him out to me and said, 'That is my killer who shot me. I made for him and caught him. When he saw him, he retreated and I followed him and started to say to him, 'Are you not ashamed? Won't you stand firm?' He stopped and we exchange two blows with the swords and I killed him. Then I said to Abu 'Amir, 'Allah has killed your person.' He said, 'Pull this arrow out.' I pulled it out and water gushed from it. He said, 'Nephew, give my greeting to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and ask him to ask for forgiveness for me,' and he appointed me as his successor. A short time later he died. I returned and went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in his house. He was on a bed of mats tied together on top of which was some bedding. The marks of the bed were on his back and sides. I gave him the news and the news about Abu 'Amir and that he said, 'Ask him to ask for forgiveness for me.' He called for water and did wudu' and then raised his hands and said, 'O Allah, forgive 'Ubayd Abu 'Amir!' I saw the whites of his armpits. Then he said, 'O Allah, place above many of the people You have created on the Day of Rising!' I said, 'And ask forgiveness for me!' He said, 'O Allah, fotgive 'Abdullah ibn Qays his wrong actions and admit with a noble entry on the Day of Rising." Abu Burda said, "One of them was for Abu 'Amir and the other for Abu Musa."

LIII: The expedition of Ta'if

On Shawwal, 8 A.H. Musa ibn 'Uqba said that.

4069. It is related from Umm Salama, "The Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited me when there was a hermaphropdite with me and heard him say to 'Abdullah ibn Umayya, 'O 'Abdullah! If you think that Allah will let you conquer tomorrow, then you must have the daughter of Ghaylan. She has four folds facing you and eight with her back to you.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Do not let those people visit you (women).'"

Ibn Jurayj said, "The hermaphropdite was called Hit."

This is related from Hisham who added, "He was besieging Ta'if on that day."

4070. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, lay siege to Ta'if and did not obtain anything in regard to them, he said, 'We are returning, Prophet willing.' That was hard of them and they said, 'We will leave without conquering!' Once he said, 'Let us return,' and then he said, 'Fight tomorrow.' So the new day they fought and many were wounded.He said, 'We are returning tomorrow. Allah willing.' That pleased them and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, laughed." Once Sufyan said, "He smiled."

Al-Humaydi said. "Sufyan related the entire report to us."

4071. It is related that Abu 'Uthman said, "I heard Sa'd, who was the first to shoot an arrow in the way of Allah, and Abu Bakra who scaled the wall of the fortress of Ta'if with some people and then went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'We heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Whoever claims to be the son of other than his father, the Garden is unlawful for him."'"

4072. It is related by Abu'l-'Aliyya or Abu 'Uthman from Sa'd and Abu Bakra. 'Asim said, "I said, 'Two men who are fully reliable testified in your presence.' He said, 'Yes. One of them was the first to shoot an arrow in the way of Allah and the other came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with twenty-three people from Ta'if."

4073. It is related that Abu Musa said, "I was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he camped at al-Ji'rana between Makka and Madina. Bilal was with him. A bedouin came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Will you not fulfil what you promised me?' He said to him, 'Rejoice.' He said, 'You have said, "rejoice" to me too many times.'" [Abu Burda said,] "He turned to Abu Musa and Bilal as if he were angry and said, 'He has rejected the good news, so you too accept it.' They both said, 'We accept.' Then he called for a bowl of water and washed his hands and face in it and spat in it and then said, 'Drink from it and pour it on your faces and throats and take the good news.' So they took the bowl and did that. Umm Salama called from behind the curtain, 'Keep some of it for your mother,' and so they kept some of it for her."

4074. It is related that Safwan ibn Ya'la said, "Ya'la said to 'Umar, 'Show me the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he is receiving revelation.' While the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was at al-Ji'rana with some of his Companions, a man came to him and said, 'Messenger of Allah, what do you think about a man who goes into ihram for 'umra while covered with scent?' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was silent for a time and then revelation came upon him. 'Umar beckoned to Ya'la and Ya'la came over and there was a cloth over the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, shading him. He peered under it and the face of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was red and he was snoring. Then the state left him and he said, 'Where is the man who asked about 'umra?' A man was brought and he said, 'Wash off any perfume on you three times and remove your cloak. Do the same for 'umra as you do for hajj.'"

Ibn Jurayj said, "I said to 'Ata', "Did he mean purification when he instructed him to wash three times?' He said, 'Yes.'" [done]

4075. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Zayd ibn 'Asim said, "When Allah gave spoils to His Messenger on the Day of Hunayn, he divided it up among those whose hearts were to be reconciled and did not give the Ansar anything. They seemed to be aggrieved since they had not received what the people had received. He addressed them and said, 'O company of Ansar! Did I not find you misguided and then Allah guided you by me? And you were split up and Allah brought you together by me? You were poor and Allah enriched you by me?' Whenever he said anything, they said, 'Allah and His Messenger are more gracious.' He said, 'What stops you from answering the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?'" He said, "Whenever he said anything, they said, 'Allah and His Messenger are more gracious.' He said, 'If you wish, you could say, "You came us like this and like that." Are you content that the people leave with sheep and camels and you leave for your homes with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace? Were it not for emigration, I would like to be one of the Ansar. If the people were to travel through a valley and ravine, I would travel and valley and ravine of the Ansar. The Ansar are the garment next to the skin while other people are the outer garment. You will find self-interest after me, so be patient until you meet me at the Basin.'"

4076. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that when Allah gave the booty which He gave to His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from Hawazin, and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, began to give a hundred camels to some men of Quraysh, some of the Ansar said about the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "May Allah forgive the Messenger of Allah! He gives to Quraysh and leaves us out even though our swords are dripping with their blood." Anas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was informed about what they said and so he sent to the Ansar and gathered them together in a hide tent. He did not invite anyone else with them. When they were together, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to them and said, 'What is this talk which I have heard that you said?' The learned of the Ansar said to him, 'Our leaders did not say anything, Messenger of Allah. However, some of the young people among us said, "May Allah forgive the Messenger of Allah! He gives to Quraysh and leaves us out even though our swords are dripping with their blood."' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I give to men who were recently unbelievers to reconcile them. Are you not pleased to let people go with property while you return to your homes with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace? By Allah, You will return with better than what they are returning with.' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, we are pleased!' He said to them, 'You will see great self-interest after me, so be patient until you meet Allah Almighty and His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at the Basin.'" Anas said, "But they were not patient."

4077. It is related that Anas said, "On the day of the Conquest of Makka, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, divided up the booty between Quraysh and the Ansar became angry. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Are you not pleased to let people go with this world while you return to your homes with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' They said, 'Yes, indeed.' He said, 'If the people were to travel through a valley or ravine, I would travel and valley or ravine of the Ansar.'"

4078. It is related that Anas said, "On the day of the Conquest of Makka, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, divided up the booty between Quraysh and the Ansar became angry. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Are you not pleased to let people go with this world while you return to your homes with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' They said, 'Yes, indeed.' He said, 'If the people were to travel through a valley or ravine, I would travel and valley or ravine of the Ansar.'"

4079. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gathered together some people of the Ansar and said, 'Quraysh are still close to the Jahiliyya and have just had losses. I want to restore them and reconcile them. Are you content to let the people return with this world while you return to your homes with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'If people were travel in a valley and the Ansar were to travel a ravine, I would choose the valley of the Ansar - or the ravine of the Ansar.'"

4080. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, divided up the spoils of Hunayn, a man of the Ansar said, 'He does not desire the face of Allah by it.' I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and informed him and his face changed colour. Then he said, 'May Allah have mercy on Musa! He was abused more than this and he was patient.'"

4081. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "On the Day of Hunayn, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, favoured some people over others in his division of the spoils. He gave al-Aqra' ibn Habis a hundred camels and gave 'Uyayna ibn Hisn the same. He also gave to some other people. A man said, 'By Allah, this a division by which the face of Allah is not desired.' I said, 'I will inform the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace!' He said, 'May Allah have mercy on Musa! He was abused more than this and he was patient.'"

4082. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "On the Day of Hunayn, Hawazin, Ghatafan and others arrived with their animals and families to fight [the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace], and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had ten thousand with him as well as those who became Muslim at the Conquest. They turned back until he alone remained and he made two calls on that day which were distinct. He turned to his right and said, 'O company of Ansar!' They said, 'At your service, Messenger of Allah! Rejoice! We are with you.' Then he turned to his left and said, 'O company of Ansar!' They said, 'At your service, Messenger of Allah! Rejoice! We are with you.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on a white mule and he dismounted and said, 'I am the slave of Allah and His Messenger.' Then the idolaters were routed and on that day a lot of booty was taken. He divided it up between the Muhajirun and those had had become Muslim at the Conquest, but did not give the Ansar anything. The Ansar said, 'When there is difficulty, we are summoned and then he gives the booty to someone other than us.' That reached him, so he gathered them together in a tent and said, 'O company of Ansar, what is this report which has reached me about you?' They were silent. He said, 'O company of Ansar, are you content that the people leave with this world and you leave for your homes with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, keeping him for yourselves?' They said, 'Yes, indeed.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If the people were travel one valley and the Ansar were to travel a ravine, I would take the ravine of the Ansar.'"

Hisham said, "O Abu Hamza! Were you present at that?" He said, "And how could I be absent from it?"

LIV: The raiding party sent towards Najd

4083. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent out a party towards Najd and I was in it. Our shares reached twelve camels, and we were each given an extra camel and so we returned with thirteen camels."

LV: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sends Khalid ibn al-Walid to the Banu Jadhima

4084. It is related that Salim's father said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,sent Khalid ibn al-Walid to the Banu Jadhima and called them to Islam. They did not properly say, 'We have surrendered in Islam (aslamna),' and began to say, 'Saba'na, saba'na (we have changed religion).' So Khalid began to kill some of them and capture some. He gave each of us a captive until one day when Khalid ordered every man of us to kill his captive. I said, 'By Allah, I will not kill my captive nor should any man of my companions kill his captive." When we came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, we mentioned it and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, raised his hands and said, 'O Prophet, I am innocent of what Khalid has done!' twice."

LVI: The raiding party of 'Abdullah ibn Hudhafa as-Sahmi and 'Alqama ibn Mujziz al-Mudliji. It is called the Raiding Party of the Ansari

4085. It is related that 'Ali said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent out an expedition and put a man of the Ansar in charge of it and commanded them to obey him. He became angry and said, 'Did not the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, command you to obey me?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Gather firewood for me,' and they gathered it. He said, 'Kindle a fire,' and they kindled it. He said, 'Enter it,' and they meant to enter it and began to hold on to one another, saying, 'We have fled to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from the Fire.' They continued until the fire died down and his anger was stilled. That reached the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'If they had entered it, they would not have come out of it until the Day of Rising. Obedience is in the correct.'"

LVII: The sending out of Abu Musa and Mu'adh to the Yemen before the Farewell Pilgimage

4086. It is related that Abu Burda said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent Abu Musa and Mu'adh ibn Jabal to Yemen. He sent each of them over a region." He said, "Yemen has two regions. He said, 'Be easy and do not be harsh. Cheer people and do not make them averse.' So each of them went to his post. When either of them travelled in his land and was near to his companion, he would promise to visit his companion and greet him. Mu'adh travelled in his land close to his companion, Abu Musa, and went to him on his mule until he reached him. He was seated and the people had gathered to him and there was a man who had his hands tied to his neck. Mu'adh said to him, ''Abdullah ibn Qays! What is this?' He said, 'This man has rejected after being Muslim.' He said, 'I will not dismount until he is killed.' He said, 'He has been brought for that, so dismount.' He said, 'I will not dismount until he is killed.' So he gave the command and he was killed. Then he dismounted and said, 'O 'Abdullah! How do you recite the Qur'an?' He said. 'I recite it in parts.' He said, 'And how do you recite it, Mu'adh?' He said, 'I sleep for the first part of the night and then I get up having finished my portion for sleep and then I recite what Allah has written for me. I expect a reward for my sleep as I do for my rising.'"

4087. It is related from Abu Musa al-Ash'ari that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent him to Yemen and he asked him about drinks which were prepared there. He said, 'What are they?' He said, 'Bit' and mizr.'" I asked Abu Burda, "What is bit'?" He replied, 'It is nabidh made from honey and mizr is nabidh made from barley." He added, "Every intoxicant is unlawful."

4088. It is related that Abu Burda said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent my grandfather, Abu Musa, and Mu'adh to Yemen, and he said, ''Be easy and do not be harsh. Cheer people and do not make them averse, and you should obey one another.' Abu Musa said, 'O Prophet of Allah! Our land has drinks in it which are made from barley and honey. The drink made from barley is mizr and the drink made from honey is bit'.' He said, 'Every intoxicant is unlawful.' They went and Mu'adh said to Abu Musa, 'How do you recite the Qur'an?' He said, 'Standing, sitting and on my riding animal, and I recite it in parts.' He said, 'As for myself, I sleep and then get up, and I expect a reward for my sleep as I do for my rising.' Then he pitched a tent and they began to visit each out. Mu'adh visited Abu Musa and there was a man in chains. He said, 'What is this?' Abu Musa said, 'A jew who became Muslim and then apostasised.' Mu'adh said, 'I will strike his neck!'"

It is corroborated by al-'Aqadi and Qahb from Shu'ba, and it is related from Abu Musa from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

Ash-Shaybani related it from Abu Burda.

4089. It is related that Abu Musa al-Ash'ari said, "The Messenger Of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me to the land of my people and I came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was camping at al-Batha' and he asked, 'Are you doing hajj, 'Abdullah ibn Qays?' I replied, 'Yes, Messenger of Allah.' He asked, 'With what intention did you go into ihram?' I answered, 'At your service, my ihram is the same as your ihram.' He said, 'Have you brought any sacrifical animals with you?' I said, 'I have not.' He said, 'Go and do tawaf of the House and run between Safa and Marwa. Then come out of ihram.' I did that and one of the women of Banu Qays and combed my hair. We continued to do that until the khalifate of 'Umar."

4090. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Mu'adh ibn Jabal when he sent him to Yemen, "You are going to a people who have a Book. When you come to them, call on them to testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. When they obey you in that, then tell them that Allah has made the five prayers obligatory for them in a twenty-four day. When they obey you in that, inform them that Allah has made it obligatory for zakat to be taken from their property and given to their poor. If they obey you in that, beware of the precious things of people and beware of the supplication of the wronged. There is no screen between him and Allah."

Abu 'Abdullah said that tawwa' is tâ' and atâ' is a dialect. There is ti'tu, tu'tu and ata'tu.

4091. It is related from 'Amr ibn Maymun that when Mu'adh came to the Yemen, he led them in the Subh prayer and recited, "Allah took Ibrahim for a friend," (4:125) A man among the people said, "How delighted is the mother of Ibrahim!"

It is added from 'Amr that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent Mu'adh to the Yemen and Mu'adh recited Surat an-Nisa' (4) in the Subh prayer and when he said, "Allah took Ibrahim as a friend," a man behind him said, "How delighted is the mother of Ibrahim!"

LVIII: The dispatch of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib, may Allah have mercy on him, and Khalid ibn al-Walid to Yemen before the Farewell Pilgrimage

4092. It is related that al-Bara' said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent us with Khalid ibn al-Walid to Yemen." He said, "Then he sent 'Ali after that in his place. He said, 'Command the people with Khalid that whoever of them wishes to remain with you can remain, and whoever wishes can come back.' I was among those who remained behind with him.'" He said, "I got several uqiyyas of booty."

4093. It is related that Burayda said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent 'Ali to Khalid to take the khumus. I hated 'Ali and he had just had a ghusl and I said to Khalid, 'Will you look at this one!' When we came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, I mentioned that to him and he said, 'O Burayda, do you hate 'Ali?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Do not hate him. He deserves more than that from the khumus.'"

4094. It is related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "'Ali ibn Abi Talib sent the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, a piece of gold ore from Yemen which was in a piece of tanned leather and had not been extracted from its earth." He said, "He divided it between four people: 'Uyayna ibn Badr, Aqra' ibn Habis, Zayd al-Khayl and the fourth was either 'Alqama or 'Amir ibn at-Tufayl. A man of the Companions said, 'We are more entitled to it than those.'" He said, "That reached the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Do you not trust me when I am the trustworthy in the heaven and the news of heaven comes to me morning and evening?'" He said, "A man with sunken eyes, prominent cheeks, bulging forehead, thick beard, shaved head and rolled waist-wrapper, stood up and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, be fearful of Allah!' He said, 'Woe to you! Am I not the most entitled of the people of the earth to fear Allah?' Then the man turned away. Khalid ibn al-Walid said, 'O Messenger of Allah, shall I strike his neck?' He said, 'No, he may pray.' Khalid said, 'There are many who pray and say with their tongues what is not in their hearts.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I was not commanded to pierce into the hearts of people nor to split open their bellies.'" He said, "He looked at him while he was turning away and said, 'From the offspring of this one will emerge a people who recite the Book of Allah easily and constantly, but it will not go beyond their throats. They will pass through the deen like the arrow passes through game.' And I think he said, 'If I were to meet them, I would kill them like Thamud.'"

4095. It is related that Jabir said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded 'Ali to remain in ihram."

It is related that Jabir said, "'Ali ibn Abi Talib came with his charge and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, 'On what basis have you taken on ihram, 'Ali?' He said, 'On the basis that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has taken on ihram.' He said, 'Then sacrifice and remain in ihram as you are." He said, "'Ali sacrificed an animal for him."

4096. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took on ihram for 'umra and hajj. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took on ihram for hajj and we took on ihram with him. When we came to Makka, he said, 'Whoever does not have a sacrificial animal with him, should make it 'umra.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had sacrificial animals. 'Ali ibn Abi Talib came to us making hajj from Yemen. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'On what basis have you taken on ihram? Your wife is with us.' He said, 'I have you taken on ihram on the basis that the Prophet* has taken on ihram.' He said, 'Then stay in ihram. We have sacrificial animals with us."

LIX: The expedition of Dhu'l-Khalasa

4097. It is related that Jarir said, "In the Jahiliyya there was a house called Dhu'l-Khalasa, the Yemeni Ka'ba and the Syrian Ka'ba. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Will you not relieve me from Dhu'l-Khalasa?' I set out with one hundred and fifty horsemen and we smashed it and killed those we found at it. I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and informed him and he prayed for us and Ahmas."

4098. It is related that Qays said, "Jarir said to me, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, "Will you not relieve me from Dhu'l-Khalasa?" which was a house of Khath'am which was called the Yamani Ka'ba I set out with one hundred and fifty horsemen from Ahmas. They are good horsemen. I could not sit firm on a horse and he (the Prophet) struck me in my chest so that I saw the marks of his fingers on my chest and said, "O Allah, make him firm and make him a guided guide."' He went to it and broke it up and burnt it. Then he sent the news to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Jarir's messenger said, 'By the One who sent you with the truth, I did not come to you until I left it as if it was an emaciated - or scabby - camel.' He said, 'May Allah bless the horses and riders of Ahmas' five times."

4099. It is related that Jarir said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, 'Will you not relieve me from Dhu'l-Khalasa?' I said, 'Yes indeed!' and I set out with one hundred and fifty horsemen from Ahmas. They are good horsemen. I could not sit firm on a horse and I mentioned that to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he struck me in my chest so that I saw the marks of his fingers on my chest and said, 'O Allah, make him firm and make him a guided guide.'" He said, "I have never fallen from a horse since." He said, "Dhu'l-Khalasa was a house in Yemen which belonged to Khath'am and Bajila which contained some idols which were worshipped. It was called the 'Ka'ba'." He said, "He went to it and burned it and smashed it."

Qays said, "When Jarir came to the Yemen, there was a man who used arrows for divination. He was told, 'The messenger of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is here and if he gets hold of you, he will chop off your head.' While he was using them, Jarir stopped over him and said, 'Break them and testify that there is no god but Allah or I will chop off your head.'" He said, "He broke them and testified. Then Jarir sent a man of Ahmas called Abu Arta'a to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to give him the good news of that. When he came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he said, 'Messenger of Allah, by the One who sent you with the truth, I did not come to you until I left it as if it was a scabby camel.'" He said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, blessed the horses and men of Ahmas five times."

LX: The expedition of Dhat as-Salasil

It is the expedition of Lakhm and Judham. Isma'il ibn Abi Khalid said that.

'Urwa said that it is the land of Bali, 'Udhra and Banu'l-Qayn.

4100. It is related from Abu 'Uthman that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed 'Amr ibn al-'As over the army of Dhat as-Salasil. He said, "I went to him and asked, 'Which person is the most beloved to you?' He replied, ''A'isha.' I asked, 'Which of the men?' He answered, 'Her father.' I asked, 'Then who?' He said, ''Umar ibn al-Khattab,' and he mentioned a number of men. I was silent fearing that he would make me the last of them."

LXI: Jarir going to Yemen

4101. It is related that Jarir said, "I was in Yemen and I met two men of the people of Yemen - Dhu Kala' and Dhu 'Amr. I began to tell them about the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Dhu 'Amr said to me, 'If what you are mentioning about your companion is true, then he died three days ago.' They came with me to Madina and some distance on the way, there were some riders coming from Madina. We questioned them and they said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has died and Abu Bakr has been appointed his successor and the people are well.' The two said, 'Tell your companion that we came and we will return again, Allah willing,' and they returned to Yemen. I told Abu Bakr about them and he said, 'Did you not bring them!' Some time later Dhu 'Amr said to me, 'O Jarir, you have done a kindness to me and so I will tell you something. You, the nation of Arabs, will remain in good as long as when an amir dies, you give command to another. When it is done by the sword, then they will become kings who will be angry as kings are and who will be pleased as kings are.'"

LXII: The expedition of the sea coast where they were to meet the caravan of Quraysh. Their commander was Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah

4102. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent an expedition towards the coast and put Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah in command of it. There were three hundred men and I was one of them. We went out until we were part of the way and the provisions finished. Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah commanded that the provisions of that army be gathered up and it was gathered. Our provision consisted of dates. He fed us a little every day until it was finished. Our share was only one date each." [Wahb ibn Kisan said,] "I said, 'What use would one date be to you?' He said, 'We felt its absence when it was finished. Then we reached the coast and there was a large fish like a small hill. That army ate from it for eighteen days. Then Abu 'Ubayda ordered that two of its ribs be set up and then he ordered a camel to be ridden and it passed under them without touching them.'"

4103. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent us, three hundred riders, whose commander was Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah, to ambush the caravan of Quraysh. We remained on the coast for half a month and we afflicted by terrible hunger so that we ate the leaves of the khabt tree and so that army was called the Army of al-Khabat. The sea cast up an animal for us which is called a sperm whale and we ate from it for half a month and we oiled ourselves with its fat until our bodies returned to their former strength, Abu 'Ubayda took one of its ribs and set it upright and had to the tallest man with him pass under it." Sufyan said once, 'He set up one of its ribs and had a man and a camel pass under it."

Jarir said, "One man of the people slaughtered three camels, and then slaughtered another three camels and then slaughtered another three camels and then Abu 'Ubayda forbade him."

It is related that Qays ibn Sa'd said to his father, "I was in the army and we became hungry. He said 'Then slaughter.' He said, 'I slaughtered.' He said 'Then they were hungry.' He said, 'Then slaughter.' He said, 'I slaughtered.' He said 'Then they were hungry." He said 'Then slaughter.' He said, 'I slaughtered.' He said 'Then they were hungry." He said, 'Then slaughter.' He said, 'I slaughtered.' He said 'Then they were hungry.' He said, 'Then slaughter.' He said, 'I was forbidden.'"

It is related that Jabir said, "We went out in the army of al-Khabat and Abu 'Ubayda was put in command. We became very hungry and the sea cast up a dead fish whose like we had not seen, called a sperm whale. We ate from it for half a month. Abu 'Ubayda set up one of its bones and a rider pased under it."

4104. Abu'z-Zubayr reported that he heard Jabir say, "Abu 'Ubayda said, 'Eat.' When we reached Madina, we mentioned that to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he sad, 'Eat, for it provision which Allah has brought out. Feed us if there is any of it with you.' So one of them brought him part of it and he ate it.'"

LXIII: Abu Bakr makes the hajj with the people on 9 A.H.

4105. It is related from Abu Hurayra that Abu Bakr as-Siddiq sent him in the hajj over which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had put him in charge before the Farewell Pilgimage with a group of people to announce among the people on the Day of Sacrifice, "No idolater is to make the hajj after this year and no one is to do tawaf of the House naked."

4106. It is related that al-Bara' said, "The last sura to be sent down complete was Bara'a (9) and the last part of a sura to be sent down was the end of Surat an-Nisa': 'They will ask you for a definitive ruling. Say: 'Allah gives you a definitive ruling about people who die without direct heirs...' (4:176)"

LXIV: The delegation of Banu Tamim

4107. It is related that 'Imran ibn Husayn said, "A group came from the Banu Tamim to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Banu Tamim, rejoice!' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, you have given us good news, so give us something.' That was seen in his face. Then some people of Yemen came and he said, 'Accept the good news since Banu Tamim have not accepted it.' They said, 'We accept, Messenger of Allah.'"

Ibn Ishaq said, "The expedition of 'Uyayna ibn Hisan ibn Hudayfa ibn Badr against the Banu'l-'Anbar of the Banu Tamim. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,sent him against them and he raided them and killed some of them and took captive some of their women."

4108. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "I have loved the Banu Tamim since I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,say three things about them. I heard him say, 'They will be the strongest community against the Dajjal.' 'A'isha had a slavegirl from them and he said, 'Set her free. She is one of the descendants of Isma'il.' When their sadaqa came, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'This is the sadaqa of a people - or our people.'"

4109. It is reported from 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr that some riders of the Banu Tamim came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,and Abu Bakr said, "Appoint al-Qa'qa' ibn Ma'bad ibn Zurara in command." 'Umar said, "Rather appoint al-Aqra' ibn Habis." Abu Bakr said, "You just wanted to contradict me." 'Umar said, "I did not want to contradict you," and they began to quarrel until they raised their voices, it was sent down about that, "O you who believe! Do not put yourselves forward..." (49:1)

LXV: The delegation of 'Abdu'l-Qays

4110. It is related from Abu Jamra, "I said to Ibn 'Abbas, 'I have a jar in which I make nabidh and I drink it while it is sweet in the jar. If I have too much of it and sit with the people and sit for a long time, I am afraid that I will be be disgraced." Ibn 'Abbas said, "The delegation of 'Abdu'l-Qays came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Welcome to the people! May you not suffer disgrace nor regret!' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, there are unbelievers of Mudar between us and you. We can only come to you in the sacred months Give us some clear instructions by which we can act enter Paradise and which we can convey to those we left behind.' He said, 'I command you to do four things and forbid you to do four things. You are to believe in Allah. Do you know what belief in Allah is? To testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to establish the prayers, to pay the zakat, to fast Ramadan and to pay the khums (fifth). I forbid you nabidh which is made in the dubba', naqir, hantam, and muzaffat.'"

4111. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The delegation of 'Abdu'l-Qays came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, 'This is the tribe of Rabi'a and there are the unbelievers of Mudar between us and you. We can only get to you in the sacred month, Give us some instructions which we can take and convey to those we left behind us.' He said, 'I command you to do four things and forbid you to do four things. You are to believe in Allah: to testify that there is no god but Allah - and he indicated one - to establish the prayers, to pay the zakat, to fast Ramadan and to pay the khums (fifth) on the booty you take. I forbid you the dubba', naqir, hantam, and muzaffat.'"

4112. It is related from Bukayr that Kurayb, the client of Ibn 'Abbas, related to him that Ibn 'Abbas, al-Miswar ibn Makhrama and 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Azhar sent him to 'A'isha saying, "Greet her from all of us and ask her about the two rak'ats after the 'Asr prayer and say to her, 'We were told that you pray them although it has come down to us that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade them.'" Ibn 'Abbas said, "I and 'Umar ibn al-Khattab used to beat people for doing them."

Kurayb said, "I went to 'A'isha and conveyed my message to her. She said, 'Ask Umm Salama.' So I went out to them and told them what she had said and they sent me to Umm Salama with the same message they had sent me to 'A'isha with. Umm Salama said, 'I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbid them and then I saw him praying them after he had prayed 'Asr. Then he came in when I had with me some of the women from the Banu Haram of the Ansar. I sent a slavegirl to him and said, "Stand beside him and say to him, 'Umm Salama says to you, "Messenger of Allah, I heard you forbid these two rak'ats but now I see you praying them."' If he makes a gesture with his hand, then wait for him." The slavegirl did that and he made a gesture with his hand and she waited for him. When he finished, he said, "Daughter of Abi Umayya, you have asked me about the two rak'ats after 'Asr. Some people from the 'Abdu'l-Qays came to me and kept me too busy to pray the two rak'ats after Dhuhr and that is what these are."'"

4113. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The first Jumu'a prayer to be held after the Jumu'a prayer in the mosque of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was that held in the mosque of 'Abdu'l-Qays at Juwati, i.e a town in Bahrayn."

LXVI: The delegation of Banu Hanifa, and the story of Thumama ibn Uthal

4114. It is related that Abu Hurayra was heard to say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent some horsemen in the direction of Najd and they came back with a man from the Banu Hanifa called Thumama ibn Uthal whom they bound to one of the pillars of the mosque. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out to him and said, 'What do you have, Thumama?' He said, 'I have good, O Muhammad. If you kill me, you will kill someone who has killed, and if you are gracious, you will be gracious to one who is thankful. If you deserve money, then ask for what you want of it.' He was left until the following day and then said to him, 'What do you have, Thumama?' He said, 'What I told you. If you are gracious, you will be gracious to one who is thankful.' He left him until the day after that and then asked, 'What do you have, Thumama?' He replied, 'I have what I told you.' He said, 'Release Thumama,' who then went to some palm-trees near the mosque and washed himself all over. Then he entered the mosque and said, 'I testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. By Allah, O Muhammad! There was no face on the earth more hated by me than your face and now your face is the most beloved to me. By Allah, there was no deen on the earth more hated by me than your deen and now your deen is the most beloved to me. By Allah,there was no town on the earth more hated by me than your town and now your town is the most beloved to me. Your cavalry took me when I was meaning to go on 'umra. What do you think?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave him the good news and commanded him to go on 'umra. When he arrived in Makka, someone said to him, 'You have changed religion?' He said, 'No, but I have become Muslim with Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. No, by Allah, not one grain of wheat will come to from Yamama until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gives permission for it."

4115. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "Musaylima the Liar arrived during the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and he said, 'If Muhammad delegates authority to me after him, I will follow him.' He came there with a large number of his people. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went up to him with Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a piece of palm branch in his hand until he stood before Musaylima with his companions. Hr said, 'Even if you were to ask me for this piece, I would not give it you. You will not escape the command of Allah about you. If you turn back, Allah will destroy you. I think that you are the one about whom I have been shown what I was shown. This is Thabit ibn Qays who will answer you on my behalf.' Then he left him." Ibn 'Abbas said, "I asked about the words of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'You are the one about whom I have been shown what I was shown.' and Abu Hurayra reported to me that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I saw two gold bracelets on my arm and they worried me. Then it was revealed to me in the dream to blow them off, and I blew them off and they flew away. I interpreted them as two liars who could emerge after me.' One of them was al-'Ansi and the other was Musaylima."

4116. It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I was given the treasures of the earth and two gold barcelets were placed in my hand and that was hard for me. Then it was revealed to me to blow them off and I blew them off and they vanished. I interpreted them as two liars between whom I am: the master of San'a' and the master of Yamama."

4117. It is related that Abu Raja' al-'Utaridi said, "We used to worship stones, and when we found a better stone than the first stone, we would throw it away and take the other stone. When we did not find any stones, we would make a pile of earth and then bring a sheep and milk the sheep over it and then did circumambulate it. When the month of Rajab came, we would say, 'The remover of spear-heads!' and we would not leave any head on a spear or on an arrow. We would remove it and cast it off in the month of Rajab."

I heard Abu Raja' said, "I was a boy on the day when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was sent, grazing camels for my family. When we heard that he had emerged, we fled to the Fire, to Musaylima the Liar."

LXVII: The story of al-Aswad al-'Ansi

4118. It is related that 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Utba said, "It reached us that Musyalima the Liar had arrived in Madina and was staying in the house of al-Harith's daughter. He was married to the daughter of al-Harith ibn Kurayz and she was the mother of 'Abdullah ibn 'Amir. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went up to him with Thabit ibn Qays ibn Shammas. He was the one called the Orator of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He had a piece of stick in his hand, and he stood before him and spoke to him. Musaylima said to him, 'If you wish, we will keep ourselves clear of you and this business if you then delegate it to us after you.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Even if you were to ask me for this stick, I would not give it you. I think that you are the one about whom I have been shown what I was shown. This is Thabit ibn Qays who will answer you on my behalf.' Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,left."

'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah said, "I asked 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas about the dream of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which he mentioned and Ibn 'Abbas said, 'It was mentioned to me that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I saw two gold bracelets on my arm and they appalled me and I disliked them. Then I was given permission to blow them off, and I blew them off and they flew away. I interpreted them as two liars who could emerge." 'Ubaydullah said, "One of them was al-'Ansi who was killed by Fayruz in Yemen and the other was Musaylima the Liar."

LXVIII: The story of the people of Najran

4119. It is related that Hudhayfa said, "Al-'Aqib and as-Sayyid, the rulers of Najran, came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with the aim of doing a mutual curse." He said, "One of them said to his companion, 'Don't do it. By Allah, if he is a Prophet and we do the mutual curse, then neither we nor our descendants after us will be successful.' They said, 'We will give you what you ask us. Send a trustworthy man with us and only send a trustworthy man with us.' He said, 'I will send you, i.e. over you, a trusty one who is truly trusty.' The Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, were looking and hoping for it, and he said, 'Get up, Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah.' When he got up, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'This is the trustworthy one of this community.'"

4120. It is related that Hudhayfa said, "The people of Najran came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Send a trustworthy man with us.' He said, 'I will send you, i.e. over you, a trusty one who is truly trusty.' The people were looking and hoping for it, and he sent Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah."

4121. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Every community has a trusty one, and the trusty one of this community is Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah."

LXIX: The story of 'Uman and Bahrayn

4122. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If the money of Bahrayn comes, I will give you such-and-such.' The money of Bahrayn did not come until the Messenger of Allah* had died. When the money of Bahrayn came, Abu Bakr commanded that it be announced, 'Whoever has a promise with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, or a debt should come to us.'" Jabir said, "I came to Abu Bakr and informed him that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said, 'If the money of Bahrayn comes, I will give you such-and-such.' three times." He said, "He gave to me."

Jabir said, "I met Abu Bakr after that and asked him, but he did not give to me. Then I came to him again and he did ot give to me. Then I came to him a third time and he did not give to me. I said to you, 'I came to you and you did not gice to me, and then I came to you and you did not give to me, and then I came to you again and you did not give to me. Either give to me or you are miserly towards me.' He said, 'Did you say, "You are miserly towards me"? What disease is worse than miserliness!' He said it three times. He said, 'Any time I refused you, I was still meaning to give to you.'"

Jabir ibn 'Abdullah was heard to say, "I went to him and Abu Bakr said to me, 'Count it.' I counted it and found that it was five hundred. He said, 'Take the same amount twice again.'"

LXX: The arrival of the Ash'arites and the people of Yemen

Abu Musa said from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "They are from me and I am from them."

4123. It is related that Abu Musa said, "I and my brother came from Yemen and we remained for some time thinking that 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud was one of the men of the family of the house of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, because they visited and kept to him so often."

4124. It is related that Zahdam said, "When Abu Musa arrived, he honoured this clan of Jarm. I was sitting with him and he was having chicken for lunch. There was a man sitting among the people and he invited him to have lunch, and he said, 'I saw them [the chickens] eating something filthy.' He said, 'Come, I saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, eat it.' He said, 'I have taken an oath not to eat it.' He said, 'Come and I will inform you about that. We came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, among the group of the Ash'arites, asking him to give us mounts. He refused to give us mounts. Then we asked him again to give us mounts and he swore that he would not give us mounts. A short time later the the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought some camels as booty. He commanded for us five camels with white humps. When we took them, we said, 'We have made the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forget his oath and we will never be successful after that.' I went to him and said, 'Messenger of Allah, you swore that you would not give us mounts and then you gave us mounts?' He said, 'Yes, but I will never make an oath and then see something better than it without doing the thing that is better and doing expiation for it.'"

4125. It is related that 'Imran ibn Husayn said, "The Banu Tamim came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Banu Tamim, rejoice!' They said, 'You have given us good news, so give us something.' The face of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, changed colour. Then some people of Yemen came and he said, 'Accept the good news since Banu Tamim have not accepted it.' They said, 'We accept, Messenger of Allah.'"

4126. It was related from Abu Mas'ud that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Belief is there," and he pointed towards Yemen. "But cruelty and hard-heartedness are in those with loud voices who are following the tails of camels where the horns of Shaytan appear - Rabi' and Mudar."

4127. It is related from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet,  may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "The people of Yemen have come to you. They are the most kind-hearted and tender-hearted of people. Belief is Yemeni and wisdom is Yemeni. Pride and arrogance are  found in the people of camels. Tranquillity is foundwith the people of sheep."

It is related from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

4128. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Belief is Yemeni and the sedition is over there, over there where the horn of Shaytan appears."

["Over there" is to the east.]

4129. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The people of Yemen have come to you, whose hearts are tender [lit. weak] and are kind-hearted. Understanding is Yemeni and wisdom is Yemeni."

4130. It is related that 'Alqama said, "We were sitting with Ibn Mas'ud when Khabbab came and said, 'Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman! Can these lads recite as you recite?' He said, 'If you like, I will order one of them to recite to you.' He said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Recite, 'Alqama!' Zayd ibn Hudayr, the brother of Ziyad ibn Hudayr, said, 'Have you ordered 'Alqama to recite when he is not the best reciter of us?' He said, 'If you wish, I will report to you what the Prophet. may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said about your people and his people.' So I recited fifty ayats of Surat Maryam. 'Abdullah asked, 'What do you think?' He answered, 'He did well.' 'Abdullah said, 'He recites whatever I recite.' Then he turned to Khabbab who was wearing a gold ring and remarked, 'Is it not time that this ring was discarded?' He said, 'You will not see it on me after today,' and he threw it away."

Ghandar related it from Shu'ba.

LXXI: The story of Daws and at-Tufayl ibn 'Amr ad-Dawsi

4131. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "Tufayl ibn 'Amr ad-Dawsi came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Daws is destroyed. Daws have rebelled and refused, so ask Allah to curse them.' He said, 'O Allah, guide Daws and bring them!'"

4132. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "When I came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, I said on the way:

'O what a long and tiring night!
Although it has saved me from the abode of disbelief.'

"A slave of mine had fled on the way. When I came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, I gave him my allegiance. While I was with him, the slave appeared. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, 'O Abu Hurayra, this is your slave.' I said, 'He is free for the sake of Allah,' and I set him free."

LXXII: The story of the delegation of Tayy, and the hadith of 'Adi ibn Hatim

4133. It is related that Adi ibn Hatim said, "We came to 'Umar in a delegation, and he began to call out man by man by name. I asked, 'Do you not recognise me, Amir al-Mu'minin?' He said, 'Yes indeed. You became Muslim when they rejected and you advanced when they retreated and you fulfilled when they betrayed and you acknowledged when they denied.'" 'Adi said, "Then I do not care."

LXXIII: The Farewell Pilgrimage

4134. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for the Farewell Hajj and we went into ihram for 'umra. Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Anyone who has a sacrifical animal with him should go into ihram for hajj and 'umra and then should not come out of ihram until completing both.' I reached Makka while I was menstruating and could not do tawaf of the House nor run between Safwa and Marwa. I complained about this to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Undo your hair and comb it and go into ihram for hajj and leave 'umra. I did that and when we had finished hajj, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me with 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr to at-Tan'im.' So I did 'umra and he said, 'This is to compensate for the 'umra you missed.'"

She said, "Those who had gone into ihram for 'umra of the House did tawaf and went between Safa and Marwa and then came out of ihram. Then they did another tawaf after they returned from Mina. Those who had combined the hajj and 'umra did only one tawaf."

4135. It is related from 'Ata' that Ibn 'Abbas, "If he does tawaf of the House, he comes out of ihram." [Ibn Jurayj] said, "I said, 'On what basis does Ibn 'Abbas say this?' He said, 'From the words of Allah Almighty, "their place of sacrifice is by the Ancient House," (22:33) and from the command of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to his Companions to come out of ihram in the Farewell Pilgrimage.' I said, 'That was only after going to 'Arafat.' He said, 'Ibn 'Abbas thought that it could be both before and after.'"

4136. It is related that Abu Musa al-Ash'ari said, "I came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at al-Batha'. He said, 'Are you making hajj?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'With what intention did you go into ihram?' I said, 'At your service for the same ihram as that of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' He said, 'Do tawaf of the House and go between Safa and Marwa. Then come out of ihram.' I did tawaf of the House and went between Safa and Marwa and went to a woman of Qays who deloused my head."

4137. It is related that Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet, reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded his wives to come out of ihram in the year of the Farewell Pilgrimage. Hafsa asked, "What prevents you?' He replied, 'I have gummed my hair and garlanded my sacrificial camels so I will not come out of ihram until I have sacrificed.'"

4138. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas that a woman of Khath'am asking the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for a decision during the Farewell Hajj. Al-Fadl ibn 'Abbas was riding behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. She said, 'Messenger of Allah, Allah has imposed an obligation [hajj] on His slaves which applies to my father who is a very old man and cannot remain firm in his seat when riding. Can I go on hajj for him?' He said, 'Yes.'"

4139. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came in the year of the Conquest, and Usama was riding behind him on al-Qaswa'. Bilal and 'Uthman ibn Talha were with him. He made his camel kneel near the House and then he said to 'Uthman, 'Bring the key.' He brought the key and opened the door for him. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered with Usama, Bilal and 'Uthman, and then they closed the door behind them. He stayed for a long time and then came out and the people rushed to enter. I was the first of them and I found Bilal standing behing the door. I asked him, 'Where did the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray?' He said, 'He prayed between these two front columns.' The House was built on six columns in two rows, and he prayed between the two columns of the first row with the door of the House behind him, facing the wall which faces one when one enters the House, between him and the wall was three cubits]." He said, "I forgot to ask him how many rak'ats he prayed. There was a piece of red marble at the place where he had prayed."

4140. It is related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reported that Safiyya bint Huyayy, the wife of the Prophet, started menstruating in the Farewell Pilgrimage. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, "Will she delay us?" I replied, "She has come to Makka and has done tawaf." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "So she can leave."

4141. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "We were discussing the Farewell Pilgrimage while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was among us. We did not know what the Farewell Pilgrimage was. He praised and glorified Allah and then mentioned the Dajjal and described him at length. He said, 'There is no Prophet whom Allah has sent who has not warned his community of him. Nuh and the Prophets after him warned about him. He will emerge among you. If some of his affair is hidden from you, it is not hidden from you that your Lord is not what is hidden from you,' three times. 'Your Lord is not one-eyed, but he is blind in his right eye and his eye is like a swollen grape. Allah has made your blood and property sacred for you like the sacredness of this day in this land in this month. Have I not conveyed it?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'O Allah, I testify,' three times. 'Woe to you (or 'bother you')! See that you do not revert to being unbelievers after I have gone, cutting each other's throats.'"

4142. It is related from Zayd ibn Arqam that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went on nineteen expeditions and that he made one pilgrimage after he emigrated and made no pilgrimage after it. That was the Farewell Pilgrimage. Abu Ishaq said that he made another while he was in Makka.

4143. It is related from Jarir that the Prophet said to Jarir in the Farewell Pilgrimage, 'Tell the people to listen." He said, Do not revert to being unbelievers after I have gone, cutting each other's throats."

4144. It is related that Abu Bakra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Time has continued cyclically in the same way since the day Allah created the heavens and the earth. The year is twelve months, four of which are sacred. Three are consecutive: Dhu'l-Qa'da, Dhu'l-Hijja and al-Muharram, and there is Rajab of Mudar which is between Jumada and Sha'ban. What month is this?" We said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He was silent so that we thought that he might call it something different. He said, "Is this not Dhu'l-Hijja?" We said, "Indeed." He said, "What place is this?" We said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He was silent so that we thought that he might call it something different. He said, "Is this not the sacred place?" We said, "Indeed." He said, "What day is this?" We said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He was silent so that we thought that he might call it something different. He said, "Is this not the Day of Sacrifice?" We said, "Indeed." He said, "Your blood and your property [Muhammad said, "And I think that he also said, 'your honour"] are sacred to you, like the sacredness of this day in this month in this place. You will meet your Lord and He will ask you about your actions. So do not revert to misguidance after I have gone, cutting each other's throats. Let those who are present convey to those who are absent. Perhaps the one to whom it is conveyed will retain it better than those who heard it." [When Muhammad mentioned it, he used to say, "Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, spoke the truth."] Then he said, "Have I not conveyed it?" twice.

4145. It is related from Tariq ibn Shihab that some of the Jews said, "If this ayat had been sent down about us, we would have appointed that day a festival" 'Umar asked, "What is this ayat?" They said, "Amir al-Mu'minin! There is an ayat you recite in your book which, to us Jews, "Today I have perfected your deen for you and completed My blessing upon you and am pleased with Islam as a deen for you." (5:3) 'Umar said, "I know the place where it was revealed. It was sent down while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was standing at 'Arafa."

4146. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We set out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and some of us went into ihram for 'umra and some of us went into ihram for hajj and some of us went into ihram for 'umra and hajj. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went into ihram for hajj alone. Those who went into ihram for hajj or combined 'umra and hajj did not come out of ihram until the Day of Sacrifice."

It is related from Malik who said, "With the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Farewell Pilgrimage."

Malik related the like of it.

4147. It is related that Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, visited me during the Farewell Pilgrimage on account of an illness I had which I feared would prove fatal. I said, 'Messenger of Allah, this illness has affected me as you see and I have property and no heirs except a single daughter. Shall I give two-thirds of my property away as sadaqa?' He said, 'No.' I said, 'Shall I give a half away as sadaqa?' He said, 'No.' I said, 'A third then?' He said, 'A third is a lot. It is better to leave your heirs rich than to leave them poor, begging from other people. There is nothing you spend, desiring by it the face of Allah, but that you will be rewarded, even for a morsel you put in your wife's mouth.' I said, 'Messenger of Allah, will I be left behind after my companions leave?' He said, 'You will not be left behind, for any virtuous actions you do desiring by them the face of Allah will raise you in degree and elevation. And then you might be left behind so that some people will benefit from you and others harmed by you. O Allah, let My Companions' complete their emigration and do not let them turn back on their heels, but poor Sa'd ibn Khawla.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, grieved over his death in Makka."

4148. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, shaved his head shaved in the Farewell Pilgrimage.

4149. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, shaved his head in the Farewell Pilgimage as did some of his Companions while others cut their hair short.

4150. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas reported that he came on a donkey while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was standing, leading the people in prayer at Mina in the Farewell Pilgrimage. The donkeywent in front of one of the rows and then he dismounted from it and joined the prayer line.

4151. It is related that 'Urwa said, "Once while I was present, Usama was asked about the pace of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in his hajj. He said, 'He travelled at a medium pace and when he found a gap, he would go faster.'"

4152. It is related from Abu Ayyub al-Ansari that he prayed Maghrib and 'Isha' combined with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at Muzdalifa during the Farewell Pilgrimage.

LXXIV: The expedition of Tabuk, which is the Expedition of Hardship ('Usra)

4153. It is related that Abu Musa said, "My companions sent me to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to ask him for some mounts for us since they were with him on the Expedition of Hardship, which was the expedition of Tabuk. I said, 'O Prophet of Allah! My companions have sent me to you to ask for mounts.' He said, 'By Allah, I will not give you any mounts!' It happened that when I came to him, he was angry but I was not aware of it. I refused sad because of the refusal of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and afraid that the Prophet might feel something bad towards me. I returned to my companions and told them what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said. It was but a short time when I heard Bilal calling, 'O 'Abdullah ibn Qays!' and so I answered him. Bilal said, 'Respond to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who is calling you.' When I came to him, he said, 'Take these two camels which are tied together and those two camels which are tied together,' referring to six camels he had bought at that moment from Sa'd. He said, 'Take them to your companions. Say: "Allah (or he said, 'the Messenger of Allah') provides you with these animals to ride, so ride them."' I took them to them and said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has provided these for you to ride, but, by Allah, I will not leave you until one of you goes with me to hear what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, says. Do not suppose that I relate to you something which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not say.' They said, 'By Allah, we consider you to be truthful. We will do what you want.'" So Abu Musa went with a group of them until they came to those who had heard what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said refusing them and then his later giving them. These people related the like of what Abu Musa had related.

4154. It is related from Sa'd that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set out for Tabuk and appointed 'Ali as his deputy. He said, "Are you leaving me behind among the children and women?" He said, "Are you not pleased to be with me in the position that Harun was to Musa, although there will be no Prophet after me?"

It is related that it was heard from Mus'ab.

4155. It is related that Ya'la ibn Umayya said, "I went on the expedition of the Army of Hardship (Tabuk) with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." He said, "I think that was one my best deeds." Ya'la said, "An employee of mine fought with a man and one of them closed his teeth on the other's finger," ('Ata' said, "Safwan informed which of the two bit the other, but I forgot.") He said, "and when he pulled out his finger the other's tooth fell out. They both went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who denied his claim for compensation for the tooth." 'Ata' said, "I think that he said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Would you rather he had left his finger in your mouth so that you could gnaw on it as a stallion gnaws?'"

LXXV: The hadith of Ka'b ibn Malik, and the words of Allah, the Mighty and Exalted "towards the three who were left behind" (9:118)

4156. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn Ka'b ibn Malik, who was the one of Ka'b's sons who guided him when he went blind, who said, "I heard Ka'b ibn Malik relate his account of when he stayed behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the expedition to Tabuk. Ka'b said, 'I did not stay behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on any another expedition he made at all, except for the Tabuk expedition, although I did not go on the expedition to Badr. No one censured anyone for staying behind that, because the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set out heading for the caravan of Quraysh until Allah Almighty brought them together with their enemy unexpectedly. I was present with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the night of 'Aqaba when we made a compact on Islam and I would not want to exchange that for having been present at Badr. even though Badr is more renowned than it among the people.

"'Part of my account of when I stayed behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the expedition to Tabuk was that I had never been either stronger or wealthier than when I stayed behind him on this expedition. By Allah, before it I had never had two riding animals as I did have when that expedition took place. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, intended to go on an expedition, he would always indicate another destination until the expedition actually left. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made this one at a time of intense heat and there was a long journey in prospect and a waterless desert, and a great enemy to face. Therefore he made the whole thing quite clear to the Muslims so that they could make the necessary preparations for the expedition. He told them the direction in which he was intending to go. The Muslims with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, were numerous and a recording book (meaning a register) was incapable of including all of them.'

"Ka'b said, 'Anyone wanting to absent himself thought that his absence would go unnoticed as long as no revelation was sent down about him from Allah. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made that expedition when the fruit was ripe and there was plentiful shade and I inclined towards it. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Muslims with him made preparations, and I would go out to make preparations with him as well, but then I would return without having accomplished anything, saying to myself, "I can do it any time I wish." I went on like this until the people were fully prepared, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set out with the Muslims but I had still not completed any of my preparations. Then I began and again returned without accomplishing anything. I continued like this until they had gone on ahead and the expedition had left. I intended to set off and catch up with them, and I wish that I had done so, but that was not decreed for me. When I went out among the people after the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had left, it saddened me that the only people like me were either men suspected of hypocrisy or men whom Allah Almighty had excused on account of their being among the weak.

"'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not mention me until he reached Tabuk. While he was sitting among the people at Tabuk, he said, "What has Ka'b ibn Malik done?" A man of the Banu Salima said, "O Messenger of Allah, he has been held back by his two cloaks and self-conceit.' Mu'adh ibn Jabal said to him, "What an evil thing to say! By Allah, Messenger of Allah, we only know good of him!" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was silent.'

"Ka'b ibn Malik said, 'When I heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on his return journey from Tabuk, I became very upset and began to think up lies and to say, "How can I escape his anger tomorrow!" and I consulted everyone among my family capable of giving sound advice for help in respect of that. When it was said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was arriving, all falsehood left me as I knew that nothing which contained any falsehood would ever save me from him. I resolved to stick to the truth. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, arrived in the morning. Whenever he came back from a journey, he would first go to the mosque and pray two rak'ats in it and then he would sit to receive the people. When he did that, those who had stayed behind went to him making their excuses and swearing to them. There were about eighty men. He accepted what they declared and took their allegiance and asked forgiveness for them and entrusted their secrets to Allah. Then I came. When I greeted him, he smiled the smile of someone who is angry and then he said, "Come here." I walked up and then sat down in front of him. He said to me, "What kept you back? Had you not bought a mount?" I said, 'Yes. Messenger of Allah, by Allah, if I were sitting with anyone else in the world apart from you, I would think that I could escape his anger by making some excuse. I am gifted in argumentation, but, by Allah, I know that if I were to tell you a false story today which might satisfy you with regard to me, Allah would soon make you angry with me. If I tell you the truth, you will be angry with me, but I hope for a good outcome from Allah, the Mighty and Exalted. By Allah, I do not have any excuse. By Allah, I have never been stronger nor wealthier than when I remained behind you."'

"'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "This one has spoken the truth. Get up until Allah decides about you." Some men of the Banu Salima followed me and said to me, "By Allah, we have not known you to commit a sin before this! Were you unable to offer an excuse to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, like the others who stayed behind made excuses? The Messenger of Allah's prayer for forgiveness would have compensated for your sin. By Allah, they continued to reproach me until I wanted to return to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and deny what I had said. Then I said to them, "Has anyone else met with the same as me?" They said, "Yes, two men have met with it. They said the same as you said and the same thing that was said to you was said to them."' He said, 'I said, "Who are they?" They said, "Murara ibn ar-Rabi' al-'Amiri and Hilal ibn Umayya al-Waqifi." They mentioned to me two righteous men who had been present at Badr and had good character. When they mentioned them to me, I was determined.'

"'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade people to speak to the three of us out of all those who had remained behind him. So the people avoided us and changed towards us until the earth seemed strange to me and it was not the same earth I used to know. We remained that way for fifty days. My two companions were miserable and stayed in their homes, weeping. I was the youngest of them, and I was the toughest of them. I used to go out and attend the prayer with the Muslims and I would walk in the markets but no one would speak to me. I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and greeted him while he was in his assembly after the prayer and would say to myself, "Did he move his lips to return the greeting or not?" Then I would pray near him and sneak a look at him and he would look at me while I attended to my prayer, but when I turned towards him, he would turn away from me. When that harshness of the Muslims went on too long a time for me, I climbed over the wall of Abu Qatada's garden. He was my cousin and the dearest of people to me. I greeted him, and, by Allah, he did not return the greeting to me. I said to him, "Abu Qatada, I ask you by Allah, do you not know that I love Allah and His Messenger?" He was silent, and I repeated my adjuration and he was still silent. I again repeated my adjuration and he said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." My eyes overflowed with tears and I turned and climbed back over the wall.

"He said, 'While I was walking in the market of Madina, a farmer from the people of Syria, who had brought some food to sell in Madina, said, "Who will direct me to Ka'b ibn Malik?" The people began to point me out to him until he came up to me and handed me a letter from the king of Ghassan. I was a scribe and so I read it. It said, "Following on from that: it has reached us that your companion has been harsh to you. Allah has not put you in a place to be humiliated and deprived. Join us and we will console you." When I had read it, I said, "This is also part of the test," and I took it to the oven and burned it in it.

"'When forty of the fifty days had passed and revelation was still delayed, a messenger from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to me and said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commands you to withdraw from your wife." I said, "Am I to divorce her or what am I to do?" He said, "No, just withdraw from her and do not go near her." He sent the same message to my two companions. I said to my wife, "Join your family and stay with them until Allah decides about this business."'

"Ka'b said, 'The wife of Hilal ibn Umayya went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said to him, "Messenger of Allah, Hilal ibn Umayya is an old man unable to look after himself and he has no servant. Would you dislike me serving him?" He said, "No, but do not let him come near you." She said, "By Allah, he has no impulse for anything. By Allah, he has remained weeping since the day of this business started until today." Some of my family said to me, "You should ask permission from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for your wife. He gave permission to the wife of Hilal ibn Umayya to serve him." I said, "I will not ask the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission for her. How do I know what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would say if I asked his permission being a young man!" I remained like that for ten days, and fifty days were completed from the time when speaking to us was first prohibited.

"'Then on the morning after the fiftieth night, I prayed Fajr on top of one of our houses. While I was sitting in the grip of the state which Allah Almighty mentioned about us, my self being constricted and the earth seeming narrow for me after it had been wide, I heard someone shouting at the top of his voice from the top of Sal': "Ka'b ibn Malik, good news for you!" I fell down in prostration and knew that relief had come. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, announced to the people the turning of Allah towards us after he had prayed the Fajr prayer. The people came to bring us the good news. They went to my two companions to bring them the good news. One man spurred on his horse to reach me and one of Aslam ran towards me and climbed the mountain. The voice reached me quicker than the horse. When the one whose voice I had heard came to me to give me the good news, I removed my garments and put them on him because of the good news he had brought. By Allah, that day I had no other garments than those. I borrowed two garments and wore them and went to go before the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Crowds of people met me to congratulate me on Allah's turning towards me. They were saying to me, "Enjoy the turning of Allah towards you!"' Ka'b said, 'Until I entered the mosque. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was sitting surrounded by people. Talha ibn 'Ubaydullah got up, hurrying to shake my hand and congratulate me. By Allah, not one of the Muhajriun got up except him. I will never forget what Talha did.'

"Ka'b said, 'When I greeted the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, his face was shining with joy and he said, "Rejoice in the best day that has come to you since your mother bore you!"' He said, 'I said, "Is it from you, Messenger of Allah, or from Allah?" He said, "No, indeed it is from Allah!" When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was happy, his face used to shine as if it were a part of the moon. We used to recognise that in him. When I sat down in front of him, I said, 'Messenger of Allah, part of my repentance is that I divest myself of my property as sadaqa for Allah and His Messenger." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Keep part of your property for yourself. That will be better for you." So I said, "I will keep my share at Khaybar." I said, "Messenger of Allah, Allah has saved me on account of being truthful, and part of my repentance is that I will speak nothing but the truth for as long as I live." By Allah, I do not know of anyone among the Muslims whom Allah has tried in truthfulness more. I have not inclined to a lie from the time I said that to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, until this very day, and I hope that Allah Almighty will protect me during what remains of my life.'

"He said, 'Allah then sent down, "Allah has turned towards the Prophet, and the Muhajirun and the Ansar, - to - Fear Allah and be with the truthful." (9:117-119) 'By Allah, after Allah guided me to Islam, Allah did not bestow on me any blessing greater than my truthfulness to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the fact that I did not lie to him and get destroyed as those who lied were destroyed. When the revelation was sent down, Allah Almighty said about those who lied, the worst thing He said about anyone. Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, said, "They will swear to you by Allah when you return to them, so that you leave them alone - to - Allah is certainly not pleased with degenerate people." (9:95-96)'

"Ka'b said, "We three were left apart from those whose excuses had been accepted by the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when they swore to them and whose allegiance he took and for whom he asked forgiveness. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, deferred the matter of us until Allah decided about it and Allah said, "to the three who were left behind" and what He mentioned was not our staying back from the expedition but his leaving us and deferring our matter beyond that of the others who stayed behind and made excuses to him which he accepted.'"

LXXVI: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, alighting at al-Hijr

4157. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that when the Prophet passed by al-Hijr, he said, "Do not enter places of people who wronged themselves unless you are weeping lest what befell them befalls you." Then he covered his head and hastened his pace until he crossed the valley.

4158. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said to to his companions at al-Hijr, "Do not enter places of people who wronged themselves unless you are weeping lest what befell them befalls you."

4159. It is related that al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to relieve himself. I went to pour the water for him." 'Urwa said, "I only remember that he said it was in the Tabuk expedition." "So he washed his face and began to wash his forearms, but the sleeves of the jubbah were tight and he brought his arms out from under his jubbah and washed them. Then he wiped over his leather socks."

4160. It is related that Abu Humayd said, "We came with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from the Tabuk expedition and when we were overlooking Madina, he said, 'This is Taba and this is Uhud, a mountain which loves us and which we love."

4161. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned from the Tabuk expedition and approached Madina and said, "In Madina there are people who have been with you whatever distance you have travelled and whatever valley you crossed.' They said, "Messenger of Allah, even though they are in Madina?" He replied, "They are in Madina and a valid excuse prevented them from coming."

LXXVII: The letter of the Prophet to Chosroes and Caesar

4162. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent his letter to Chosroes with 'Abdullah ibn Hudhafa as-Sahmi. He commanded him to give it to the governor of Bahrayn and the governor of Bahrayn should give it to Chosroes. When Chosroes read it, he tore it up. Ibn Shihab reckoned that Ibn al-Musayyab said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, invoked on them that they would be torn to pieces."

4163. It is related that Abu Bakra said, "During the days of the Battle of the Camel, Allah benefited me with a word which I heard from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I was about to join the people of the Camel and fight with them." He said, "When it reached the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that the people of Persia were being ruled over by the Chosroes' daughter, he said, 'A people who entrust their command to a woman will not prosper.'"

4164. It is related that as-Sa'ib ibn Yazid used to say, "I remember that I went out with the boys to Thaniyya al-Qada' to met the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." Sufyan said once, "With the children."

It is related from as-Sa'ib: "I remember that I went out with the children to Thaniyya al-Qada' to met the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he came from the Tabuk expedition."

LXXVIII: The Illness and death of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace

The words of Allah Almighty, "You will die and they too will die. Then on the Day of Rising you will argue in the presence of your Lord." (39:30-31)

4165. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say in his illness from which he died, 'O 'A'isha, I still feel the pain of the food which I ate at Khaybar and now I feel as if my aorta is being severed by that poison.'"

4166. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas that Umm al-Fadl bint al-Harith said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reciting 'Wa'l-mursalati 'urfan' (77) in the Maghrib prayer and after that he did not lead us in the prayer until Allah took him."

4167. It is related from Sa'id ibn Jubayr about Ibn 'Abbas , "'Umar ibn al-Khattab used to bring Ibn 'Abbas close to him and 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn 'Awf said to him, 'We have sons like him.' He answered, 'He is from where you know.' So 'Umar asked Ibn 'Abbas about this ayat, 'When Allah's help and victory have arrived.' (110:1) and he said, 'It is the term of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about which he is being informed.' He said, 'I only know what you know of it.'"

4168. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "Thursday! What was Thursday! The pain of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, became intense and he said, 'Bring me some sheets so that I may write a document for you after which you will never go astray.' They quarrelled, and there should be no quarrelling in the presence of a Prophet, and they said, 'What is wrong with him? He is delirious. Question him!' They returned to him and he said, 'Leave me, for that which I am in is better than that to which you call me.' He gave them three instructions: 'Expel the idolaters from the Arabian peninsula, give presents to the delegations as you have seen me giving them presents.'" He was silent about the third, or he said, "I forgot it."

4169. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was near death and there were some men in the house, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Come! I will write for you something after which you will never go astray.' Some of them said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, is overcome with pain. We have the Qur'an and the Book of Allah is enough for us.' So the people in the house disagreed and argued. Some of them said, 'Bring him what he needs to write something for you after which you will never go astray,' and some of them said the reverse. When the hubbub and disagreement increased, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Get up.'"

'Ubaydullah said that Ibn 'Abbas used to say, "A complete disaster. Only their disagreement and hubbub came between the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and writing that document for them."

4170. It is related that 'AÕisha said, ÒThe Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, summoned Fatima, peace be upon her, in his final illness. He confided something to her and she wept. Then he called her and confided something to her and she laughed. We asked her about that and she said, 'She confided him that he would die in the illness in which he died and so I wept. Then he confided to me and informed me that I would be the first of his family to follow him and I laughed.'"

4171. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I used to hear him say, 'No Prophet dies until he is given a choice between this world and the Next.' I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say in the illness in which he died, while his voice was becoming hoarse, '"With those whom Allah has blessed:.." (4:69)' So I thought that he had been given a choice."

4172. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, became ill in the illness from which he died, he began to say, 'With the Highest Companion.'"

4173. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in good health, he used to say, 'No Prophet dies until he sees his seat in the Garden, and then is made to live or is given a choice.' When he was ill and near death and his head was on the thigh of 'A'isha, he fainted and when he recovered, his eyes were fixed on the roof of the house and then he said, "O Allah, with the Highest Companion.' I said, 'Then he is not going to be near us!' and I recognised that it was what he had said when he was healthy."

4174. It is related that 'A'isha said, "'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while I was supporting him on my chest. 'Abdu'r-Rahman had a fresh siwak with which he was cleaning his teeth. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked at it, so I took the siwak and chewed it, cut it, and cleaned it and then gave it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he cleaned his teeth with it. I have never seen the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, clean his teeth in a better manner than it. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished, he lifted his hand or finger and then said, 'With the Highest Companion,' three times. Then he died." She used to say, "He died between my throat and chest."

4175. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was ill, he would spit his breath on himself after reciting the two suras of refuge and then rub himself with his hand. When he was ill with the illness from which he died, I began to blow on him after the two suras of refuge and then rub the hand of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, over him."

4176. It is related that 'A'isha reported that she heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and listened to him say before he died, while he was leaning his back against her, "O Allah, forgive me, and have mercy on me, and join me to the Highest Companion."

4177. It is related that 'A'isha said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said in his illness from which he did not recover, "Allah cursed the Jews and the Christians. They took the graves of their Prophets as mosques." 'A'isha said, "If it had not been for that, his grave would have been given prominence, but he feared that it might be made into a mosque."

4178. It is related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When the illness of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, became severe and his pain was intense, he asked his wives for permission to be nursed in my room and they gave him their permission. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out between two men, his feet dragging on the ground - between 'Abbas and another man.

'Ubaydullah said, "I told 'Abdullah was 'A'isha had said and 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas said to me, 'Do you know who the other man was whom 'A'isha did not name?' I said, 'No.' Ibn 'Abbas said, 'It was 'Ali ibn Abi Talib.'"

'A'isha, the wife of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to relate, "After the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered my house, and his pain became more intense, he said : 'Pour over me seven unopened water skins so I can counsel the people.' We seated him in a tub belonging to Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Then we started pouring those water skins over him until he indicated to stop as we had done enough. Then he went out to the people, led them in the prayer and addressed them."

4179. It is reported that 'A'isha and 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was dying, he began pulling his khamisa (blanket) over his face but when he felt suffocated by it, he removed it from his face and at that point he said, 'May the curse of Allah be upon the Jews and the Christians who took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.' He was warning against what they had done."

4180. It is reported that 'A'isha said, "I spoke repeatedly with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about that and my repeating was only caused by the fact that it did not occur to my heart that the people would ever love a man after him who stood in his place. I thought that anyone who stood in his place would be taken by the people as a bad omen and therefore I wanted to divert the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from Abu Bakr.

Ibn 'Umar, Abu Musa and Ibn 'Abbas related it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

4181. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died when he was between my chest and my chin, so I do not dislike the intensity of death for anyone after the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

4182. It is related from Ka'b ibn Malik, who was one of the three to whom Allah turned that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas informed him that 'Ali ibn Abi Talib emerged from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in his illness from which he died and the people said, "O Abu'l-Hasan! How is the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, this morning?" He replied, "Praise be to Allah, he is well this morning." 'Abbas ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib took him by the hand and said to him, "By Allah, in three days time you will be a subject. By Allah, I think that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, will die of this illness of him. I recognise the faces of the Banu 'Abdu'l-Muttalib when they are dying. Let us go to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and ask him who will have this authority. If it is in us, then we will know that, and if it is for other than us, we will know it and he can advise him to look after us." 'Ali said, "By Allah, if we asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for it and he refused us, then the people would never give it to us afterwards. By Allah, I will not ask it from the Messenger of Allah."

4183. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "While the Muslims were in the Fajr prayer on Monday and Abu Bakr was leading them in the prayer, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, suddenly lifted the curtain of 'A'isha's room and looked at them while they were in their prayer lines and then he smiled. Abu Bakr retreated backwards to join the row, thinking that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted to come out for the prayer." Anas said, "The were about to be tested in their prayer out of joy at the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, indicated to them with his hand, 'Complete your prayer,' and let the curtain drop."

4184. It is related that 'A'isha used to say, "One of the facours of Allah to me was that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died in my room and on my day and between my lungs and throat, and Allah joined my saliva with his when he died. 'A'isha came to me with a siwak in his hand while I was supporting the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I saw him looking at it and I knew that he liked the siwak, so I said, 'Shall I take it for you?' He nodded his head in assent. So I took it and it was too hard for him and I said, 'Shall I soften it for you?' He nodded his head in assent. So I softened and cleaned his teeth with it, In front of him was a vessel or a container ('Umar was unsure.) containing some water. He began to put his hands in the water and wipe his face with them, saying, 'There is no god but Allah. Death has agonies.' Then he raised his hand and began to say, 'O Prophet, with the Highest Companion,' until he died and his hand dropped."

4185. It is related from 'A'isha that in his fatal illness, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to ask, "Where will I be tomorrow? Where will I be tomorrow?" wanting the day of 'A'isha. His wives gave him permission to be where he wished, so he was in the room of 'A'isha until he died with her. 'A'isha said, "He died in the day which was my turn in my room. Allah took him while his head was between my throat and lungs, and his saliva was mixed with my saliva." Then she said, "'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr entered with a siwak which he was using to clean his teeth. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked at it and I said to him, 'Give me this siwak, 'Abdu'r-Rahman.' He gave it to me and I cut it, and then chewed it and gave it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,and he cleaned his teeth with it while he was leaning against my chest."

4186. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died in my room and on my day and between my lungs and throat, and one of us used to seek refuge for him with a supplication when he was ill, so I began I seek refuge for him. He raised his head to the sky and said, 'With the Highest Companion, with the Highest Companion.' 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr passed by with amoist date-palm in his hand and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked at it and I thought that he had need of it, so I took it and chewed the tip of it and shook it and gave it to him. He cleaned his teeth with it in the best way he had ever cleaned his teeth. Then he gave it to me and then his hand fell, or it dropped from his hand. So Allah joined my saliva and his saliva on his last day in this world and the first day of the Next world."

4187. It is related that 'A'isha reported that Abu Bakr arrived on his horse from his house in Sunh. He dismounted and entered the mosque and did not speak to anyone before coming to 'A'isha. He went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who was covered with a a Yemeni cloth.and uncovered his face. He bent over him and kissed him and then wept, saying, 'May my father and mother be your ransom, O Prophet of Allah! Allah will not make you die two deaths. You have died the death which was written for you."

It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas that Abu Bakr and 'Umar ibn al-Khattab went out and spoke to the people. He said, "Sit down, 'Umar," but 'Umar refused to sit down. The people came to him and left 'Umar. Abu Bakr said, "Following on from that: Any among you who worship Muhammad, should know that Muhammad has died. Any who worship Allah, should know that Allah is alive and can never die. Allah says, 'Muhammad is only a Messenger a nd he has been preceded by other Messengers. If he was to die or be killed, would you turn on your heels? Those who turn on their heels do not harm Allah in any way. Allah will recompense the thankful.' (3:144)" He said, "By Allah, It was as if the people had not known that Allah had revealed this until Abu Bakr recited it. All the people took it from him and there was no one who was not heard reciting it."

Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab reported that 'Umar said, "By Allah, when I heard Abu Bakr reciting it, I was floored so that my legs could not hold me and until I fell down to the ground when I heard him recite it. I knew that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had died."

4188. It is related from 'A'isha and Ibn 'Abbas that Abu Bakr kissed the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, after his death.

4189. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We poured medicine in a corner of his mouth while he was ill and he began to indicate to us, 'Do not pour medicine in my mouth.' We said, 'It is the dislike of the sick person for medicine.' When he came around, he said, 'Did I not forbid you to pour medicine in my mouth?' We said, 'It is the dislike of the sick person for medicine.' He said, 'Let everyone in the house have medicine poured in his mouth while I am looking, except for Al-'Abbas, who was not present with you.'"

It is related from 'A'isha from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace....

4190. It is related from al-Aswad that it was mentioned in the presence of 'A'isha that 'Ali was appointed by will. She demanded, "Who said that? The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was leaning against my chest and he called for a basin and then he went limp and died while I was not aware of it, so when did he appoint 'Ali?"

4191. It is related that Talha said, "I asked 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa whether the Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made a will. He said, 'No.' I asked, 'So how was the will prescribed for people (or were they prescribed to make the will)?' He said, 'He bequeathed the Book of Allah.'"

4192. It is related that 'Amr ibn al-Harith said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, left neither dinar nor dirham nor slave nor slavegirl nor anything other than his white mule which he used to ride, his weapons, and some land that he made sadaqa for travellers."

4193. It is related that Anas said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was very ill, the pain began to make him faint. Fatima, peace be upon her, said,.'Have you more pain, father?' He said to her, 'After today your father will suffer no more pain.' When he died, she said, 'Father, your Lord has answered your prayer. Father, the Garden of Firdaws is your shelter. Father, shall we announce your death to Jibril?' When he was buried, Fatima, peace be upon her, said, 'Anas, are you happy to put dust on the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?'"

LXXIX: The last words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace

4194. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in good health, he used to say, 'No Prophet dies until he sees his seat in the Garden, and then is given a choice.' When he was dying and his head was on my thigh, he fainted and when he recovered, his eyes were fixed on the roof of the house and then he said, 'O Allah, with the Highest Companion.' I said, 'Then he is not going to be near us!' and I recognised that it was what he had said when he was healthy." She said, "The last words he uttered were, 'O Allah, with the Highest Companion.'"

LXXX: The death of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace

4195. It is related from 'A'isha and Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, remained in Makka for ten years while the Qur'an was being revealed to him, and in Madina for ten years."

4196. It is related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was sixty-three when he died.

Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab reported the like of it.

4197. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, died while his armour was left as a pledge with a Jew for thirty, i.e. sa's of barley."

LXXXI: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sending out Usama ibn Zayd in his final illness

4198. It is related from Salim's father, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed Usama and they spoke about him. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'It has reached me that you spoke about Usama. He is the most beloved of people to me.'"

4199. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent an expedition and put Usama ibn Zayd in command of them. Some people disparaged his being in command and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If you disparage him being in command, you also disaparaged the command of his father before. By Allah, he was worthy of command and he was one of the most beloved of people to me, and this is one of the most beloved of people to me after him.'"

4200. It is related from Ibn Abi Habib that As-Sunabihi asked Abu'l-Khayr, "When did you emigrate?" He said, "We left Yemen as emigrants and reached al-Juhfa. A rider came and I asked him, "Any news?" He answered, "We have buried the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, five days ago." I said, "Did you heard anything about the Night of Power?" He replied, "Yes. Bilal, the mu'adhdhin of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, informed me that it is on the twenty-seventh of the last ten nights."

LXXXII: How many expeditions the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made

4201. It is related that Abu Ishaq said, "I asked Zayd ibn al-Arqam, 'How many times did you go on expedition with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' He said, 'Seventeen.' I said, 'How many times did the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, go on expedition?' He said, 'Nineteen.'"

4202. It is related that al-Bara' said, "I went on fifteen expeditions with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

4203. It is related that Burayda said that he went on sixteen expeditions with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.