Chapters on the Virtues of Madina

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 34. Chapters on the Virtues of Madina

I: The inviolabilty of Madina

1768. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Madina is a sanctuary from here to there. Its trees are not to be cut down nor any improper [contrary to the Qur'an and Sunna] action committed in it. The curse of Allah, the angels and all people will be on anyone who commits an improper action."

["Here to there" is from 'Ir to Uhud.]

1769. It is related from Anas, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Madina and ordered the mosque to be built. He said, 'Banu'n-Najjar, give me a price ' They said, 'We ask for no payment except from Allah!' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered the graves of the pagans to be dug up, the ruins to be levelled and the palm-trees to be cut down. The palm trunks were lined up to form the mosque's qibla."

1770. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "According to what I say, what is between the two [harras] of Madina is inviolable." He said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to the Banu Haritha and he said, 'I see, Banu Haritha, that you have gone outside the Haram.' Then he turned and said, 'You are inside it.'"

1771. It is related that 'Ali said, "We have nothing but the Book of Allah and this paper from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace: 'Madina is a sanctuary between 'A'ir to such-and-such a place. Whoever commits an improper action in it or gives refuge to someone who commits improper actions, on him is the curse of Allah, the angels and all people. Neither repentance nor ransom will be accepted from him.' He said, 'The dhimma [covenant] of the Muslims is the same. Whoever breaks a Muslim's covenant, on him is the curse of Allah, the angels and all people. Neither repentance nor ransom will accepted from him. Any client who accepts the protectorship of a people without permission, on him is the curse of Allah, the angels and all people. Neither repentance nor ransom will accepted from him.'"

II: The excellence of Madina and its expulsion of people

1772. It is related that Abu Hurayra was heard to say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I was commanded to go to a city which will eat up cities. They say, 'Yathrib', but it is Madina. It expels people as a furnace expels the dross of iron."

III: Madina is Taba (Goodness)

1773. It is related that Abu Humayd said, "We came with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,from Tabuk until we overlooked Madina and he said, 'This is Taba.'"

IV: The two harras of Madina

1774. It is related that Abu Hurayra used to say, "If I were to see gazelles grazing in Madina, I would not hunt them. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said, 'Everything between the two harras is a sanctuary.'"

[Harras: stony tracts]

V: Someone who is averse to Madina

1775. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'They will leave Madina in spite of the good that it contains and only wild beasts will live in it - meaning beasts and birds of prey. The last persons to be gathered in it will be two herdsmen from Muzayna making for Madina, shouting to their sheep. They will find it empty. When they reach Thaniya al-Wada', they will fall down on their faces."

[Thaniya al-Wada':a pass at the Haram of Madina in the direction of Syria]

1776. It is related that Sufyan ibn Zuhayr said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Yemen will be conquered and people will be attracted to it, taking their families and all who obey them. Madina would have been better for them if they only knew. Syria will be conquered and people will be attracted to it, taking their families and all who obey them. Madina would have been better for them if they only knew. Iraq will be conquered and people will be attracted to it, taking their families and all who obey them. Madina would have been better for them if they only knew.'"

VI: Belief is attracted to Madina

1777. It is related from Abu Hurayra, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Belief is attracted to Madina as a snake is attracted to its hole.'"

VII: The wrong action of someone who desires harm for the people of Madina

1778. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I heard Sa'd say, 'I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "No one desires harm for the people of Madina without disintegrating as salt disintegrates in water.'"

VIII: The stone castles of Madina

1779. It is related that Usama said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked out on one of the stone castles of Madina and said, 'Do you see what I see? I see the places of sedition lying amidst your houses like the places where rain falls.'"

Ma'mar and Sulayman ibn Kathir corroborated it from az-Zuhri.

IX: The Dajjal not entering Madina

1780. It is related from Abu Bakr that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The terror of the False Messiah (Dajjal) will not enter Madina. On that day it will have seven gates with two angels at each gate."

1781. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'There are angels at the entrances to Madina and neither the plague nor the Dajjal will enter it."

1782. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is no city which the Dajjal will not enter except for Makka and Madina. There will be no entrance which does not have angels in rows guarding it. Then Madina will shake with its people three times and Allah will expel every unbeliever and hypocrite."

1783. It is related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, related a long hadith to us about the Dajjal and part of what he told us was, 'The Dajjal will come and will be forbidden to enter the entrances of Madina. He will alight at one of the salt marshes at Madina. On that day a man, who is the best of people - or one of the best of people - will come out to him and say, "I testify that you are the Dajjal about whom the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, related a hadith to us." The Dajjal will say, "If I kill this man and then bring him to life will you still doubt my business?" He will say, "No." He will kill him and then bring him life. When he brings him to life, he will say, "By Allah, now I am even more certain." The Dajjal will say, "I would kill him, but I have no more power over him."'"

X: Madina expels the foul

1784. It is related that Jabir said, "A bedouin came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and gave allegiance to him in Islam. He came the next day with a fever and said, 'Release me' three times. He said, 'Madina is like a furnace - it expels its impurities and purifies its good.'"

1785. It is related that Zayd ibn Thabit said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to Uhud, some of his Companions turned back. One group said, 'We will kill them,' and one group said, 'We will not kill them.' So it was revealed, 'Why is it that you have become two parties regarding the hypocrites?' (4:88) The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'It expels men as fire expels the impurities of iron.

1786. It is related that Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "O Allah, bestow on Madina twice the blessing You bestowed on Makka."

'Uthman ibn 'Umar corroborated it from Yunus.

1787. It is related from Anas: "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned from a journey and saw the high parts of Madina, he would spur on his she-camel. If he was on a donkey, then he would prod it."

XI: The Prophet disliking for Madina to be empty

1788. It is related that Anas £ said, "The Banu Salima wanted to move near the mosque and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, disliked for Madina to be emptied and said,'O Banu Salima, do you not expect some reward for the footprints you have left?' So they stayed where they were."

1789. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Everything between my room and my minbar is one of the meadows of the Garden, and my minbar is over my Basin."

1790. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Madina, Abu Bakr and Bilal came down with a fever. When Abu Bakr's fever got worse, he would say:

'Every man is struck down among his people in the morning.
Death is nearer than the strap of his sandal.'

When the fever left Bilal, he raised his voice and said,

'Would that I knew whether I would spend a night
in the valley of Makka
with the sweet rushes and panic grass around me!
Will I one day return to the waters of Majinna?
Will the mountains of Shama and Tafil appear to me?'

Bilal said, 'O Allah! Curse Shayba ibn Rabi'a, 'Utba ibn Rabi'a and Umayya ibn Khalaf as they drove us out of our land to the land of epidemic.' Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'O Allah! Make us love Madina as much as we love Makka or even more so! O Allah! Bless us in our sa' and in our mudd and make it healthy for us.Remove its fever and put it in al-Juhfa!'"

She said, "When we came to Madina, is was the most epidemic-ridden of the lands of Allah." She said, "[The wadi of] Buthan flowed over the land with impure water.'"

1791. It is related that 'Umar said, "O Allah, grant me martyrdom in Your way and make my death occur in the city of Your Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

It is related that Hafsa bint 'Umar said, "I heard 'Umar say the like of it."

It is related from Hafsa, "I heard 'Umar."