Chapters on Being Prevented from Finishing Hajj or 'Umra and the Requital For hunting

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 33. Chapters on Being Prevented from Finishing Hajj or 'Umra and the Requital For hunting

I: The muhsar [one prevented from completing hajj or 'umra] and the requital for hunting

The words of Allah Almighty, "If you are forcibly prevented, make whatever sacrifice is feasible. But do not shave your heads until the sacrificial animal has reached the place of sacrifice." (2:196)

'Ata said, "Ihsar from anything means to be kept from it." Abu 'Abdullah said, "'Hasur' (3:39) means he does not go to his women."

II: When someone making 'umra is stopped

1712. It is related from Nafi' that when Ibn 'Umar went out to Makka on 'umra during the Civil War (fitna), he said, "If I am barred from the House, I will do what we did with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I will go into ihram for 'umra because the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went into ihram for 'umra in the year of al-Hudaybiyya." (Muwatta, Book 20, 42)

[This was between al-Hajjaj and Ibn az-Zubayr.]

1713. It is related from Nafi' that 'Ubaydullah and Salim ibn 'Abdullah informed him that in the nights when the army was attacking Ibn az-Zubayr, they said to 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar, "It will not harm you not to go on hajj this year. We fear that they will come between you and the House." He said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when the unbelievers of Quraysh were between him and the House. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed his sacrificial animal and shaved his head. I testify to you that I have gone into ihram to do 'umra. If Allah wills, I will go and if the way is clear between me and the House, I will do tawaf. If something comes between me and it, I will do as the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did when I was with him." He went into ihram for 'umra from Dhu'l-Hulayfa and then travelled for a time and then said, "They are the same. I testify to you that I have gone into ihram for 'umra and hajj." He did not come out of ihram until the Day of Sacrifice and he had made his sacrifice. He used to say, "You cannot come out of ihram until you have done one tawaf on the day you enter Makka."

It is related from Nafi' that some of the Banu 'Abdu'l-Muttalib said to him, "If only you had stayed [home] that year."

1714. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was kept from doing 'umra and so he shaved his head, resumed sexual relations with his wives and slaughtered his sacrifice until he did 'umra in the following year."

III: Being prevented from doing hajj

1715. It is related that Ibn 'Umar used to say, "Is not the sunna of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, enough for you? If one of you is prevented from doing hajj, he should do tawaf of the House and Safa and Marwa and then come out of ihram completely until he does hajj in the following year and he should make a sacrifice or fast if he cannot sacrifice."

The like of it is related from Salim from Ibn 'Umar.

IV: Sacrificing before shaving the head if someone is prevented from making hajj

1716. It is related from al-Miswar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed before he shaved and commanded his Companions to do that.

1717. It is related from Nafi' from 'Abdullah and Salim that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "We went out with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the unbelievers of Quraysh came between him and the House. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed his sacrificial animals and shaved his head."

V: Someone saying that the muhsar does not have to make it up

Ibn 'Abbas said, "Making up is only for the one who breaks his hajj of his own volition. Someone who is prevented for a valid reason or something else, should come out of ihram and does not have to make it up. If he has a sacrificial animal with him and he is prevented from completing it, he should sacrifice it if he cannot send it (to the place of sacrifice). If he can send it, he should not come out of ihram until the sacrifice reaches its place.

Malik and others said, "He should sacrifice his animal and shave his head wherever he is and does not have to make it up because the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions at al-Hudaybiyya sacrificed and shaved their heads and came out of ihram completely before doing tawaf and before the sacrifice reached the House. And it is not mentioned that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded anyone to make anything up nor to repeat it. Al-Hudaybiyya is outside the Haram."

1718. It is related from Nafi' that when 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar went out to Makka during the sedition, he said, "If I am barred from the House, we will do as we did with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." He went into ihram for 'umra because the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had gone into ihram for 'umra in the year of al-Hudaybiyya. Then 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar thought about the matter and said, "Their nature is the same." He looked at his Companions and said, "Their nature is the same. I testify to you that I have gone into ihram for hajj with 'umra." Then he did one tawaf, for both of them, and considered that to be enough, and sacrificed.

VI: The words of Allah Almighty, "If any of you are ill or have a head injury, the expiation is fasting or sadaqa or sacrifice." (2:196)

He can choose. The fast is for three days.

1719. It is related from Ka'b ibn 'Ujra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Is it that your lice are troubling you?" He said, "Yes, Messenger of Allah." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Shave your head and fast for three days or feed poor people or sacrifice a sheep." (Muwatta, Book 20, 247)

VII: The words of Allah, "or sadaqa" which refers to feeding poor people

1720. It is related from Ka'b ibn 'Ujra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was standing with me at al-Hudaybiyya and lice were falling from my head. He said, 'Are your lice troubling you?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Shave your head (or 'shave').' He said, 'This verse was sent down: "If any of you are ill or have a head injury.." to the end.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Fast for three days or give one faraq as sadaqa for six people, or sacrifice what is feasible.'"

VIII: The expiation (fidya) for feeding people is half a sa'

1721. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Ma'qal said, "I sat with Ka'b ibn 'Ujra and asked him about fidya. He said, 'It was revealed about me but it applies generally to you as well. I was carried to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with the lice falling on my face.' He said, 'I did not think that pain could reach what I see in you (or 'your struggle could reach what I see in you'.) Can you get a sheep?' I said, 'No.' He said, ' Fast for three days or feed six poor people with half a sa' for every poor person.'"

IX: Nusuk (compensatory sacrifice) consists of a sheep

1722. It is related from Ka'b ibn 'Ujra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw him and lice were falling on his face. He said, "Are your lice troubling you?" He said, "Yes." He instructed him to shave his head while he was at al-Hudaybiyya. It was not clear to them whether they should come out of ihram there for they were still hoping to enter Makka. So Allah revealed the fidya and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded him to feed six people with one faraq or sacrifice a sheep or fast for three days.

It is similarly related from Ka'b ibn 'Ujra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw him and lice were falling on his face.

X: The words of Allah Almighty, "No sexual intercourse..." (2:197)

1723. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Whoever does hajj to this House and does not have sexual relations nor commit wrongdoing will return as he was on the day on which his mother bore him.'"

XI: The words of Allah the Mighty and Exalted, "no wrongdoing nor any quarrelling in the hajj." (2:197)

1724. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Whoever does hajj for Allah and does not have sexual relations nor commit wrongdoing will return as he was on the day on which his mother bore him.'"

XII: The words of Allah Almighty:

"Do not kill game while you are in ihram. If one of you kills any deliberately, the reprisal for it is a livestock animal equivalent to what he killed, as judged by two just men among you, a sacrifice to reach the Ka'ba, or expiation by feeding the poor, or fasting commensurate to that, so that he may taste the evil consequences of what he did. Allah has pardoned what took place in the past; but if anyone does it again Allah will take revenge on him. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge. What you catch in the sea is lawful for you, and all food from it, for your enjoyment and that of travellers, but land game is unlawful for you while you are in ihram. So show fear of Allah, Him to whom you will be gathered." (5:95-96)

XIII: When someone not in ihram hunts game and gives it to the muhrim, the muhrim can eat it

Ibn 'Abbas and Anas did not see anything wrong in slaughtering animals which were not game - like camels, sheep, cattle, chickens and horses.

'Adl is said to mean "like". When it is 'idl, it is the weight of that. Qiyaman (5:96) is qiwaman and ya'dilun (6:1) is to give someone an equal amount.

1725. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Abi Qatada said, "My father set out in the year of al-Hudaybiyya. His companions went into ihram, but he did not. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was informed that an enemy would attack him at Ghayqa. So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went ahead. While my father was with his companions, some of them started laughing among themselves. ´I looked and there was a wild ass. I attacked it and stabbed it and brought it. I asked them to help, but they refused to help me. We ate from its meat and were afraid that we would be cut off. I went to look for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and made my horse gallop at times and walk at times. In the middle of the night I met a man of the Banu Ghifar and said, "Where did you leave the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?" He said, "I left him at Ta'hun and he was going to have his midday rest at as-Suqya." I said, "Messenger of Allah, your family send you greetings of peace and the mercy of Allah. They were afraid that they might become cut off from you, so wait for them." I said, "Messenger of Allah, I caught a wild ass and I have some of it with me." He said to the people, "Eat," in spite of the fact that they were in ihram.`"

[Ghayqa is a place between Makka and Madina. Suqya is a village.]

XIV: When people in ihram see game and laugh and someone not in ihram catches on

1726. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn Abi Qatada that his father said, "We set out with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of Hudaybiyya. His Companions went into ihram, but I did not. We were informed that there was an enemy at Ghayqa and we went towards them. My companions saw a wild ass and some of them started laughing among themselves. I looked and saw it. I attacked it on horseback and I stabbed it and caught it. I asked them for help but they refused to help me. We ate from it and then I followed after the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. We were afraid that we would be cut off. I made my horse gallop at times and walk at times. In the middle of the night I met a man of the Banu Ghifar and said, 'Where did you leave the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' He said, 'I left him at Ta'hun and he was going to have his midday rest at as-Suqya.' I followed the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, until I caught up with him and said, 'Messenger of Allah, your Companions send you greetings of peace and the mercy of Allah. They are afraid that the enemy might cut them off from you, so wait for them.' He did that. I said, 'Messenger of Allah, We hunted a wild ass and I have some of it with me.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to his Companions, 'Eat,' in spite of the fact that they were in ihram."

XV: The muhrim should not help someone not in ihram to kill game

1727. It is related that Abu Qatada was heard to say, "We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at al-Qaha, which is three stages from Madina."

It is related that Abu Qatada said, "We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at al-Qaha and some of us were in ihram and some of us were not. I saw my companions watching something, so I looked and there was a wild ass - i.e. he dropped his whip - and they said, 'We will not help you at all. We are in ihram.' So I caught on and took the whip and then came upon the ass from behind a hillock, slaughtered it and brought it to my companions. Some of them said, 'Eat,' and others said, 'Do not eat.' I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who was ahead of us and asked him and he said, 'Eat it as lawful.'"

'Amr said to us, "Go to Salih and ask him about this and other things. He came to us here."

XVI: A muhrim should not point out game in order for someone who is not muhrim to hunt it

1728. It is related from Abu Qatada that his father informed that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out on hajj and they went out with him. He sent a group of them, which included Abu Qatada, saying, "Take the sea-coast route until we meet." So they went by the sea-coast. When they set out, they all went into ihram except for Abu Qatada who did not. While they were travelling, they saw some wild asses and Abu Qatada attacked the asses and killed a she-ass among them. They halted and ate from its meat and said, "Should we be eating the meat of game when we are in ihram?" So they carried what was left of the meat of the she-ass and when they came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, they said, "Messenger of Allah, we were in ihram, but Abu Qatada was not, and we saw some wild asses and Abu Qatada attacked the asses and killed a she-ass among them. Then we halted and ate from its meat and then we said, 'Should we be eating the meat of game when we are in ihram?' So we have brought what is left of its meat." He said, "Did any of you order him to attack it or point it out to him?" They said, "No." He said, "Then eat what is left of its meat."

XVII: When someone gives a muhrim a live wild ass, he should not accept it

1729. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas that as-Sa'b ibn Jaththama al-Laythi gave the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, a wild ass while he was at al-Abwa' or Waddan and he returned it to him. When he saw the expression on his face, he said, "We are only returning it to you because we are in ihram."

XVIII: Animals which a muhrim can kill

1730. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is nothing wrong in the muhrim killing five kinds of animals."

It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said it.

It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "One of the wives of the Prophet related to me that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'A muhrim can kill...'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 89)

1731. It is related that Hafsa said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is nothing wrong in a muhrim killing five kinds of animals: crows, kites, mice, scorpions and a rabid dogs."

1732. It is related from 'A'isha that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Five types of animals are all vicious and can be killed in the Haram: crows, kites, scorpions, mice and a rabid dogs."

1733. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "While we were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in a cave at Mina, Surat al-Mursalat (77) was suddenly revealed to him and he recited it and I learned it directly from his mouth. His mouth was still moist with it when a snake attacked us and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Kill it,' We chased after it but it escaped. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'It was protected from your evil as you were protected from its evil.'"

1734. It is related from 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said that the gecko was "'A small vicious creature,' but I did not hear him command that it be killed."

XIX: Not cutting down the trees of the Haram

Ibn 'Abbas said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Its thorny bushes should not be cut."

1735. It is related that Abu Shurayh al-'Adawi said to 'Amr ibn Sa'id when he was sending his troops to Makka, "O Amir! Let me tell you something the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the day after the Conquest of Makka which I heard with my own ears and grasped with my heart and saw him uttering with my own eyes. He praised and glorified Allah and then said, 'Makka was made a sanctuary by Allah and not by people. So it is not lawful for anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day to shed blood in it nor to cut down any tree in it. If anyone allows it because the Messenger of Allah fought in it, then say that Allah gave His Messenger permission and he did not give you permission. He was only given permission in it for a single hour of one day, and now its inviolability has reverted to what it was previously. Let the one who is present convey to the one who absent.'" Abu Shurayh was asked, "What did 'Amr say?" He said that 'Amr said, "I know better than you, Abu Shurayh. It does not give refuge to anyone who rebels or to anyone who sheds blood or steals."

XX: The game of the Haram should not be chased

1736. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah made Makka a sanctuary. It was not lawful to anyone before me and will not be lawful for anyone after me. It was only lawful for me for one hour of one day. Its plants are not to be pulled up nor its trees cut down nor its game chased away nor any fallen things picked up in it except by someone who announces it". Al-'Abbas said, "Apart from the idhkhir herb for our goldsmiths and graves!" The Prophet said, "Apart from the idhkhir herb." 'Ikrima said, 'Do you know what 'chasing away its game' means?' It means driving it from its shade to take its place."

XXI: Fighting is not lawful in Makka

Abu Shurayh said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Blood may not be shed in it."

1737. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "On the day of the Conquest of Makka, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'There is no more hijra, but there is jihad and intention. When you are called to it then go. Allah made this city inviolable on the day when he created the heavens and the earth and it will be inviolable by Allah's sanctity until the Day of Rising. Fighting was not lawful in it for anyone before me and it was only lawful for me for one hour of one day. It is inviolable by Allah's sanctity until the Day of Rising. Its thorns should not be cut, its game should not be chased and something dropped should not be picked up except by someone who announces it and its plants are not to be pulled up.'Al-'Abbas said, 'Messenger of Allah, apart from the idhkhir herb for our goldsmiths and houses!' He said, 'Apart from the idhkhir herb.'"

XXII: Cupping in the case of a muhrim

Ibn 'Umar cauterised his son while he was in ihram. A muhrim can be treated with something which contains scent.

1738. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was cupped while he was in ihram." Then I heard him say it is related from Tawus from Ibn 'Abbas. I said, "Perhaps he heard it from both of them."

1739. It is related that Ibn Buhayna said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was cupped from the middle of his head while he was in ihram at Lahya Jamal." (Muwatta, Book 20, 75)

[A place between Makka and Madina, closer to Madina]

XXIII: The marriage of a muhrim

1740. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, married Maymuna while he was in ihram.

XXIV: What scent is forbidden for a male or female muhrim

'A'isha said, "A woman in ihram should not wear clothes with wars or saffron on them."

1741. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "A man stood up and said, 'Messenger of Allah, what clothes do you command us to wear in ihram?' The Prophe, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, replied, "You should not wear a shirt, trousers, a turban or a burnous. However, someone who does not have sandals can wear leather socks but he should cut them short so that they start under the ankle. He should not wear anything stained with wars or saffron. The woman in ihram should not wear a veil on her face nor gloves."

Musa ibn 'Uqba, Isma'il ibn Ibrahim ibn 'Uqba, Juwayriyya and Ibn Ishaq corroborated the veil and the gloves. 'Ubaydullah said, "nor wars." He used to say, "A woman in ihram should not veil her face nor wear gloves." Malik said from Nafi' from Ibn 'Umar, "A woman in ihram should not veil her face." Layth ibn Abi Sulaym corroborated it.

1742. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "A man in ihram was crushed by his she-camel and killed. He was brought to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said, 'Wash him and shroud him, but do not cover his head nor put scent on him. He will be raised saying the talbiya.'"

XXV: A muhrim doing ghusl

Ibn 'Abbas said, "A muhrim can enter a bath-house." Ibn 'Umar and 'A'isha did not see any harm in scratching.

1743. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn Hunayn, "'Abdullah ibn al-'Abbas and al-Miswar ibn Makhrama disagreed at al-Abwa'. 'Abdullah ibn al-'Abbas said, 'A muhrim can wash his head,' and al-Miswar said, 'A muhrim should not wash his head.' 'Abdullah ibn al-'Abbas sent me to Ayyub al-Ansari and I found him doing ghusl between two posts, screened by a cloth. I greeted him and he said, 'Who is it?' I said, 'It is 'Abdullah ibn Hunayn. 'Abdullah ibn al-'Abbas sent me to you to ask you how the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, washed his head when he was in ihram.' Abu Ayyub put his hand on the cloth and lowered it until his head appeared to me. Then he told someone to pour water on him, 'Pour,' and he poured water on his head and then he rubbed his head with his hands, and brought them forward and then back again. He said, 'This is how I saw him, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do it.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 4)

XXVI: A muhrim wearing leather socks if he cannot find any sandals

1744. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, giving a khutba at 'Arafa saying, 'If a muhrim cannot find any sandals, he should wear leather socks. If he cannot find a waist-wrapper he should wear trousers.'"

1745. It is related from 'Abdullah, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, 'What clothes should a muhrim wear?' He said, 'He should not wear a shirt, a turban, trousers or a burnous nor any garment touched by saffron or wars. However, someone who does not have any sandals can wear leather socks but he should cut them short so that they start under the ankle.'"

XXVII: If he cannot find a waist-wrapper, he can wear trousers

1746. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, giving a khutba at 'Arafa, 'If a muhrim cannot find a waist-wrapper he should wear trousers. If he cannot find any sandals, he should wear leather socks.'"

XXVIII: A muhrim carrying arms

'Ikrima said, "When an enemy is feared, weapons should be worn and fidya paid." No one corroborates him regarding the [the obligation of paying] fidya.

1747. It is related from al-Bara', "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, performed 'umra in Dhu'l-Qa'da and the people of Makka refused to allow him to enter Makka until he had made an agreement with them only to bring sheathed arms into Makka."

XXIX: Entering the Haram and Makka not in ihram

Ibn 'Umar entered and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded those who intended hajj or 'umra to go into ihram but did not mention woodcutters or other people.

1748. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed Dhu'l-Hulayfa as the miqat for the people of Madina, Qarn al-Manazil for the people of Najd, and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen. They are for them and for anyone coming from elsewhere who wants to go on hajj or 'umra. For anyone coming from closer than that, it is from wherever he starts, even the people of Makka from Makka."

1749. It is related from Anas ibn Malik, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered Makka in the year of the Conquest with a helmet on his head. When he removed it, a man came and said, 'Ibn Khatal is holding onto the cover of the Ka'ba.' He said, 'Kill him.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 256)

[The man was Abu Bazra al-Aslami. 'Abdullah ibn Khatal had become Muslim. When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent him to collect zakat along with another man from the Ansar, Ibn Khatal had murdered the Ansari on the road and became an apostate. He had two slavegirls who used to sing satirical poems about the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.]

XXX: Someone going into ihram wearing a shirt due to ignorance

'Ata' said, "There is no expiation if he puts on scent or clothes due to ignorance or forgetfulness."

1750. Safwan ibn Ya'la related from his father, "I was with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and a man came to him wearing a cloak which had a yellow stain or something similar on it. 'Umar used to say to me, 'Would you like to see him when the revelation descends on him?' It descended on him and when it left him, he, peace and blessings be upon him, said, 'Do in your 'umra as you do in your hajj.' A man bit the hand of another man, and broke his tooth and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, overlooked it."

XXXI: A muhrim died at 'Arafa and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not command anyone to complete the rest of the hajj for him

1751. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "A man, who was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, standing at 'Arafa, fell from his mount and broke his neck (or he said, 'his neck was broken'). The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Wash him with water and lotus and shroud him in two cloths (or he said, 'his two cloths') Do not perfume him or cover his head. Allah will raise him saying the talbiya on the Day of Rising."

1752. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "A man, who was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, standing at 'Arafa, fell from his mount and broke his neck (or he said, 'his neck was broken'). The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Wash him with water and lotus and shroud him in two cloths Do not touch him with scent nor cover his head nor perfume him. Allah will raise him saying the talbiya on the Day of Rising.'"

XXXII: The sunna regarding a muhrim who dies

1753. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "A man was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his she-camel caused him to break his neck while he was in ihram, and he died. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Wash him with water and lotus and shroud him in two cloths. Do not touch him with scent nor cover his head. He will be raised saying the talbiya on the Day of Rising.'"

XXXIII: Hajj in connection with the vows of people who die. A man can perform hajj on behalf of a woman

1754. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas, "A woman of Juhayna came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'My mother made a vow to go on hajj, but did not go on hajj before she died. Shall I perform hajj on her behalf?' 'Yes,' he replied, 'performo hajj on her behalf. If your mother owed a debt, would you not have paid it? Pay Allah. Allah has more right to be paid off.'"

XXXIV: Hajj on behalf of someone who cannot remain firm on a mount

1755. It is related from Al-Fadl ibn 'Abbas, "A woman..."

It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "A woman from Khath'am came in the year of the Hajj of Farewell and said, 'Messenger of Allah, my old father owes the obligation of Allah, but he cannot sit properly on a mount. Will it be fulfilled if I perform hajj on his behalf?' He replied, 'Yes.'"

XXXV: A woman making hajj on behalf of a man

1756. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas said, "Al-Fadl was riding behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when a woman of Khath'am came. Al-Fadl began to look at her and she to look at him. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, turned al-Fadl's face the other way. She said, 'My old father owes the obligation of Allah, but he cannot remain firm on a mount. Shall I perform hajj on his behalf?' He said, 'Yes.' That was in the Hajj of Farewell."

XXXVI: Hajj performed by boys

1757. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me (or "sent me ahead") with the baggage from Muzdalifa at night."

1758. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas said, "Once I was riding a she-donkey I had, having just on that very day reached puberty. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was standing praying at Mina. I went in front of part of the first row and then dismounted and the she-ass began to graze. I lined up with the people behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

Yunus said from Ibn Shihab, "At Mina in the Hajj of Farewell."

1759. It is related that as-Sa'ib ibn Yazid said, "I was taken on hajj with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when I was seven years old."

1760. It is related that al-Ju'ayd ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman said, "I heard 'Umar ibn 'Abdu'l-'Aziz say that as-Sa'ib ibn Yazid was taken on hajj in the baggage of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

XXXVII: Hajj performed  by women

1761. It is related from Ibrahim's grandfather, "'Umar gave permission to the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to go on the last hajj he made and he sent 'Uthman ibn 'Affan and 'Abdu'r-Rahman with them.

1762. It is related that 'A'isha, Umm al-Mu'minin, said, "Messenger of Allah, may we go on raids and do jihad with you?" He said, "But the best and most excellent jihad is hajj - an accepted hajj." 'A'isha said, "I will not abandon hajj after hearing this from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

1763. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'A woman should not travel without a close relative (dhu mahram) and no man should visit her unless there is a close relative with her.' A man said, 'Messenger of Allah, I want to go out as part of such-and-such an army but my wife wants to go on hajj.' He said, 'Go with her.'"

1764. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, returned from his hajj, he said to Umm Sinan al-Ansari, 'What kept you from going on hajj?' She said, 'Abu so-and-so (her husband) had two camels. He went on hajj with one of them and the other is used to irrigate our land.' He said, ''Umra in Ramadan is equal to hajj with me.'"

It is related from 'Ata', "I heard Ibn 'Abbas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. It is related from Jabir from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

1765. It is related that Qaza'a, the mawla of Ziyad, said, "I heard Abu Sa'id, who went on twelve expeditions with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'I heard (or "There were related to me") four things from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which pleased and delighted me: a woman should not travel two days except with her husband or a mahram; there is no fasting on two days: the Day of Fitr and that of al-Adha; there is no prayer after two prayers: after Subh until the sun rises and after 'Asr until the sun sets; and there is no journey except to three: the Masjid al-Haram, the Masjid al-Aqsa and my mosque."

XXXVIII: Someone making a vow to walk to the Ka'ba

1766. It is related from Anas, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw an old man being supported between his two sons. He said, 'What is he doing?' They said, 'He vowed to walk.' He said, 'Allah has no need of this person's self-punishment,' and he ordered him to ride.'"

1767. It is related that 'Uqba ibn 'Amir said, "My sister vowed to walk to the house of Allah and she told me to ask for the verdict of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for her. I asked for his verdict and he, peace be upon him, said, 'She should walk and ride."

He said, "Abu'l-Khayr did not part from 'Uqba."

It is related from 'Uqba and he mentioned the hadith.