Book of Hajj

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 31. Book of Hajj

I: The obligation of Hajj and its excellence

"Hajj to the House is a duty owed to Allah by all mankind – those who can find a way to do it. But if anyone rejects, Allah is Rich beyond need of any being." (3:97)

1442. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas said, "Al-Fadl was riding behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when a woman of Khath'am came up. Al-Fadl began to look at her and she to look at him. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, turned al-Fadl's face to look the other way. She said, 'Messenger of Allah, Allah has made going on hajj obligatory for His slaves and my father is a very old man and cannot remain firm in his seat when riding. Can I go on hajj for him?' He said, 'Yes.' That was during the Farewell Hajj." (Muwatta, Book 20, 98)

II: The words of Allah Almighty, "They will come to you on foot and on all sorts of lean animals, coming by every distant road so that they can be present at what will profit them."

Fijaj (71:20) are wide paths.

1443. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, getting onto his mount at Dhu'l-Hulayfa. He said "Labbayk" when it had stood up completely." (Muwatta, Book 20, 29)

1444. It is related from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said "Labbayk" starting at Dhu'l-Hulayfa after his mount had stood up completely."

Anas and Ibn 'Abbas related it.

III: Going on hajj sitting on a pack-saddle

It is related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent her brother, 'Abdu'r-Rahman, with her and he took her on 'umra from at-Tan'im and mounted her on a pack-saddle. 'Umar said, "Tie on your pack-saddles for the hajj. It is one of the two types of jihad."

1445. It is related that Anas said, "Anas, who was not a miser, went on hajj sitting on a pack-saddle. He related that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had gone on hajj sitting on a pack-saddle, with his baggage alongside him."

1446. It is related that 'A'isha said, "Messenger of Allah, you performed 'umra but I did not." He said, "'Abdu'r-Rahman, go with your sister and take her to perform 'umra, starting from at-Tan'im." He put her behind on a camel and she performed 'umra.

IV: The excellence of an accepted hajj

1447. Abu Hurayra said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, "What action is the best?" He replied, "Belief in Allah and His Messenger." He was asked, "Then what?" and replied, "Jihad in the way of Allah." He was asked, "And then what?" He replied, "An accepted hajj."

1448. It is related that 'A'isha, Umm al-Mu'minin, said, "Messenger of Allah, we see that jihad is the best action so should we not do jihad?" He said, "No.the best jihad for you [feminine plural] is an accepted hajj."

1449. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Whoever goes on hajj for Allah alone and does not have sexual intercourse or commit any outrage will return as he was on the day his mother bore him.'"

V: The obligation of the miqats [places where people assume ihram for the hajj] for the hajj and 'umra

1450. It is related from Zayd ibn Jubayr that he went to visit 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar in his house and he had tents made of hair-cloth and other large tents there. [He said,] "I asked him from what place it was permitted to do 'umra. He said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made it Qarn for the people of Najd, Dhu'l-Hulayfa for the people of Madina, and al-Juhfa for the people of Syria.'"

VI: The words of Allah Almighty, "And take provision; but the best provision is taqwa." (2:197)

1451. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The people of Yemen used to go on hajj and not take provision. They would say, 'We are relying on Allah.' When they came to Makka, they begged from people, so Allah Almighty sent down down,  'And take provision; but the best provision is taqwa.'"

It is related from 'Ikrima as a mursal hadith.

VII: The place where the people of Makka assume ihram for hajj and 'umra

1452. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed Dhu'l-Hulayfa as the miqat for the people of Madina, al-Juhfa for the people of Syria, Qarn al-Manazil for the people of Najd and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen. They are for them and for anyone, ariving at them from elsewhere, who wants to go on hajj or 'umra. The miqat for anyone coming from closer than that is the place where he starts, even, in the case of the people of Makka, Makka itself."

VIII: The miqat of the people of Madina. They do not go into ihram before Dhu'l-Hulayfa

1453. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The people of Madina go into ihram from Dhu'l-Hulayfa, the people of Syria from Juhfa, and the people of Najd from Qarn." (Muwatta, Book 20, 22)

Ibn 'Umar said, "They claim that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said that the people of Yemen go into ihram from Yalamlam."

IX: The place where the people of Syria go into ihram

1454. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed Dhu'l-Hulayfa as the miqat for the people of Madina, al-Juhfa for the people of Syria, Qarn al-Manazil for the people of Najd and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen. They are for them and for anyone ariving at them from elsewhere who wants to go on hajj or 'umra. Anyone coming from closer than that should go into ihram from his own house, the people of Makka even going into ihram from there."

X: The place where the people of Najd go into ihram

1455. It is related from Salim's father [i.e. Ibn 'Umar] that the Prophet appointed the miqat.

It is related from 'Abdullah [ibn 'Umar], "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "The place where the people of Madina go into ihram is Dhu'l-Hulayfa. The place where the people of Syria go into ihram is Mahya'a, which is al-Juhfa, and it is Qarn for the people of Najd."

Ibn 'Umar said, "They claim, although I did not hear it myself, that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The place where the people of Yemen go into ihram is Yalamlam."

XI: The place where those closer than the miqats go into ihram

1456. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed Dhu'l-Hulayfa as the miqat for the people of Madina, al-Juhfa for the people of Syria, Yalamlam for the people of Yemen, and Qarn al-Manazil for the people of Najd. They are for them and for anyone ariving at them from elsewhere who wants to go on hajj or 'umra. The miqat for anyone coming from closer than that is the place where he starts, even, in the case of the people of Makka, from there."

XII: The place where the people of Yemen go into ihram

1457. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed Dhu'l-Hulayfa as the miqat for the people of Madina, al-Juhfa for the people of Syria, Qarn al-Manazil for the people of Najd and Yalamlam for the people of Yemen. They are for them and for anyone ariving at them from elsewhere who wants to go on hajj or 'umra. The miqat for anyone coming from closer than that is the place where he starts, even, in the case of the people of Makka, Makka itself."

XIII: Dhat 'Irq is for the people of Iraq

1458. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "When these two cities were conquered, they came to 'Umar and said, 'Amir al-Mu'minin, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed Qarn for the people of Najd [to go into ihram], but it is out of our way and to get to Qarn would be difficult for us.' He said, 'See what is parallel to it on your route.' So he appointed Dhat 'Irq for them."

[Chapter]

1459. It is related from 'Abdullah Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, halted his camel at al-Batha' in Dhu'l-Hulayfa and prayed there. 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to do that.

XIV: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, going out by way of the tree

1460. It is related from 'Abdullah Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to leave Madina by the tree ["ash-Shajara"] road and re-enter it by the al-Mu'arras road, and that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set out for Makka, he would pray in the ash-Shajara mosque, and when he returned, he would pray at Dhu'l-Hulayfa at the bottom of the valley and would stay the night there until morning.

["The tree" is at the mosque of Dhu'l-Hulayfa. The Mu'arras road is closer to Madina than the Tree (ash-Shajara) road. The ash-Shajara (tree) mosque is at Dhu'l-Hulayfa.]

XV: The words of the Prophet, "Al-'Aqiq is a blessed valley."

1461. It is related that 'Umar was heard to say, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say in the valley of 'Aqiq, 'Tonight someone came to me from my Lord and said, "Pray in this blessed valley and say that 'umra is included in hajj."'"

1462. It is related that 'Abdullah said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a vision while he was at Mu'arris in Dhu'l-Hulayfa at the bottom of the valley. He was told, "You are on a blessed plain." Salim made us halt our camels aiming for the place where 'Abdullah used to halt his camel when seeking the place, at Mu'arris, where the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, halted, which is below the mosque in the flat of the valley, midway between them and the road.

[Al-'Aqiq is near al-Baqi', about four miles from Madina. The meaning of "'aqiq" is "gorge".]

XVI: Washing khaluq perfume off the clothes three times

1463. Safwan ibn Ya'la said, "Ya'la said to 'Umar, 'Show me the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he is receiving revelation.' While the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was at al-Ji'rana with some of his Companions, a man came to him and said, 'Messenger of Allah, what do you think about a man who goes into ihram for 'umra while covered with scent?' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was silent for a time and then revelation came upon him. 'Umar beckoned to Ya'la and Ya'la came over and there was a cloth over the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, shading him. He peered under it and the face of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was red and he was snoring. Then the state left him and he asked, 'Where is the man who asked about 'umra?' A man was brought and he said, 'Wash off any perfume on you three times and remove your cloak. Do the same for 'umra as you do for hajj.'"

Ibn Jurayj said, "I asked 'Ata', "Did he mean purification when he instructed him to wash three times?' He replied, 'Yes.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 18)

XVII: Using scent when going into ihram, what to wear when going into ihram, and combing the hair and oiling it

Ibn 'Abbas said, "People in ihram are permitted to smell fragant plants and look in the mirror and can be treated with edible oil and ghee." 'Ata' said, "People in ihram are permitted to wear rings and money-belts." Ibn 'Umar did tawaf while in ihram with a cloth tied around his belly. 'A'isha did not see anything wrong with short trousers being worn by those who fixed her howdah.

[This is wearing them under the izar, or waist-wrapper. This was to conceal their private parts.]

1464. It is related that Sa'id ibn Jubayr said, "Ibn 'Umar used to use oil in his hair. I mentioned that to Ibrahim who said, 'What would you say about the words al-Aswad related from 'A'isha who said, "It is as if I could visualise the gleam of the scent in the parting of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was in ihram"?'"

1465. It is related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I put scent on the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he went into ihram and also when he came out of it before doing tawaf of the House." (Muwatta, Book 20, 17)

XVIII: Someone going into ihram with gummed hair

1466. It is related that Salim's father said, "I heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went into ihram with gummed hair.

XIX: Assuming ihram at the mosque of Dhu'l-Hulayfa

1467. It is related that Salim ibn 'Abdullah heard his father say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, never went into ihram except from the mosque, i.e. the mosque of Dhu'l-Hulayfa." (Muwatta, Book 20, 30)

XX: What kind of clothes should not be worn by a muhrim

1468. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "A man said, 'Messenger of Allah, what sort of clothes should someone in ihram wear?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'He should not wear a shirt, turban, trousers, burnoose or leather socks unless he cannot find sandals in which case he can wear leather socks, cutting off what is above the ankles. You should not wear any clothes which have been touched by saffron or wars perfume.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 8)

XXI: Riding alone and behind someone else during the hajj

1469. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "Usama rode behind the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from 'Arafa to al-Muzdalifa and then al-Fadl rode behind him from al-Muzdalifa to Mina." He said, "Both of them said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, continued to say the talbiya until he did the stoning of the Jamra al-'Aqaba.'"

XXII What clothes, outer garments and waist-wrappers can be worn by someone in ihram

'A'isha wore red clothes when she was in ihram and said, "[A woman in ihram] should not wear a part veil nor full veil. She should not wear clothes with wars or saffron on them." Jabir said, "I do not think that red dye (from safflower) is a scent." 'A'isha did not see any harm in a woman wearing jewellery, or black or pink clothing, or leather socks." Ibrahim said, "There is no harm in someone changing their clothes."

1470. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, set out with his Companions from Madina after combing and oiling his hair and putting on his waist-wrapper and cloak. He did not forbid wearing any cloaks or waist-wrappers except for those dyed with saffron which clings to the skin. In the morning, he mounted his camel at Dhu'l-Hulayfa and went on until he reached al-Bayda', where he and his Companions said the talbiya, and garlanded his sacrifical camels. That was on the 25th of Dhu'l-Qa'da. He reached Makka on the 4th of Dhu'l-Hijja and did tawaf of the House and did sa´i between Safa and Marwa. He did not come out of ihram on account of the camels he had garlanded. Then he dismounted at the highest part of Makka at al-Hajun, still in ihram, and did not go near the Ka'ba after his tawaf of it until after returning from 'Arafa. He instructed his Companions to do tawaf of the House, then to go between Safa and Marwa, to cut their hair and then to come out of ihram. That was provided they did not have garlanded camels with them. For those who had their wives with them, normal relations were then permitted, as were scent and [ordinary] clothes."

XXIII: Staying the night at Dhu'l-Hulayfa until morning

Ibn 'Umar reported it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

1471. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed doing four rak'ats at Madina and then doing two rak'ats at Dhu'l-Hulayfa. Then he stayed the night until morning at Dhu'l-Hulayfa. When he had mounted and his mount had stood up completely, he said the talbiya.

1472. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed Dhuhr doing four rak'ats at Madina and then 'Asr doing two rak'ats at Dhu'l-Hulayfa." He said, "I think that he stayed the night there until morning."

XXIV: Raising the voice in the talbiya

1473. It is related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed Dhuhr doing four rak'ats at Madina and then 'Asr doing two rak'ats at Dhu'l-Hulayfa. I heard them all calling it out together."

XXV: The Talbiya

1474. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the talbiya of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was, "I am at Your service, O Allah, I am at Your service. You have no partner. I am at Your service. Praise and blessing belong to You, as does the Kingdom. You have no partner." (Muwatta, Book 20, 28)

1475. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I know how the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said the talbiya. It was: 'I am at Your service, O Allah, I am at Your service. You have no partner. I am at Your service. Praise and blessing belong to You.'"

It was corroborated by Abu Mu'awiya from al-A'mash. Another isnad from 'A'isha.

XXVI: Saying "Praise be to Allah", "Glory be to Allah", and "Allah is Greater" before saying the talbiya while getting onto one's animal

1476. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed Dhuhr with us doing four rak'ats at Madina and then 'Asr doing two rak'ats at Dhu'l-Hulayfa where he stayed the night until morning. Then he got onto his mount becoming firmly settled on it at al-Bayda' and while doing so praised Allah, glorified Him and said 'Allah is greater'. Then he said the talbiya for hajj and 'umra and the people did the same together with him. After we arrived, he ordered the people to come out of ihram until the Day of Tarwiya when they went into ihram for the hajj." He said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed camels with his own hand. In Madina, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed two white and black rams."

Abu 'Abdullah said that some of them said that this is from Ayyub from a man from Anas.

XXVII: Saying the talbiya when one's mount is completely upright

1477. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said the talbiya when his mount was completely upright."

XXVIII: Saying the talbiya while facing qibla

1478. It is related from Nafi', "When Ibn 'Umar prayed in the morning at Dhu'l-Hulayfa, he ordered his mount to be brought and saddled. Then he mounted and when his animal was completely upright, he faced the qibla, and then continued to say the talbiya until he reached the Haram. Then he would stop until reaching Dhu't-Tuwa where he stayed the night until morning. When he had prayed the morning prayer, he did ghusl claiming that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had done that." Isma'il corroborated the ghusl from Ayyub.

1479. It is related that Nafi' said, "When Ibn 'Umar wanted to leave for Makka, he put on some non-scented oil and then went to the mosque of Dhu'l-Hulayfa and prayed. Then he mounted and when his mount was completely upright, he went into ihram. He said, 'That is how I saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do it.'"

XXIX: Talbiya when descending into the valley

1480. It is related that Mujahid said, "We were with Ibn 'Abbas and they mentioned the Dajjal and said, '"Kafir" (unbeliever) is written between his eyes.' Ibn 'Abbas said, 'I did not hear that, but I did hear him say, "It is as if I could see Musa descending into the valley saying the talbiya."'"

XXX: How should a menstruating woman and woman bleeding from childbirth go into ihram?

Ahalla refers to saying the talbiya and istahlalna and ahlalna'l-hilal all refer to the appearance. "Istahalla" is used for rain when it comes out of the clouds. There is also what is "hallowed" (uhilla)  (5:3) to other-than-Allah, and this comes from the crying (istihlal) of a child

1481. It is related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for the Farewell Hajj and we went into ihram for 'umra. Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Anyone who has a sacrifical animal with him should go into ihram for hajj and 'umra and then should not come out of ihram until completing both. I reached Makka while I was menstruating and could not do tawaf of the House nor go between Safwa and Marwa. I complained about this to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Undo your hair and comb it and go into ihram for hajj and leave 'umra. I did that and when we had finished hajj, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me with 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr to at-Tan'im.' So I did 'umra and he said, 'This is to compensate for the 'umra you missed.'"

She said, "Those who had gone into ihram for 'umra of the House did tawaf and went between Safa and Marwa and then came out of ihram. Then they did another tawaf after they returned from Mina. Those who had combined the hajj and 'umra did only one tawaf." (Muwatta, Book 20, 232)

XXXI: Someone going into ihram during the time of the Prophet with exactly the same intention as the Prophet himself

Ibn 'Umar mentioned it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

1482. It is related that Jabir said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, instructed 'Ali to stay in ihram." He mentioned what Suraqa said.

1483. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "'Ali came from Yemen to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who asked him, 'With what intention did you into ihram?' He said, 'With the same as the one with which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went into ihram.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If it were not for the fact that I had sacrificial camels with me, I would have come out of ihram.'"

Muhammad ibn Bakr added that Ibn Jurayj said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, 'With what intention did you into ihram?' He said, 'With the same as the one with which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went into ihram.' He said, 'Get a sacrificial camel and stay in ihram as you are.'"

1484. It is related that Abu Musa said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me to some people in the Yemen and I returned to find him at al-Batha'. He asked, 'With what intention did you go into ihram?' I replied, 'I went into ihram with the same intention as the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' He said, 'Do you have a sacrificial animal with you?' I said, 'No.' He instructed me to do tawaf of the House and to go between Safa and Marwa. Then he instructed me to come out of ihram. I went to a woman of my people who combed my hair or washed my head. Then when 'Umar came, he said, 'If we go by the Book of Allah, it commands us to complete hajj and 'umra. Allah says, "Perform the hajj and 'umra for Allah," (6:196) and if we take the sunna of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he did not come out of ihram until he had sacrificed his camels.'"

XXXII: The words of Allah Almighty, "The hajj takes place during well-known months. If anyone undertakes the obligation of hajj in them, there must be no sexual intercourse, no wrongdoing, nor any quarrelling during hajj" (2:197) and His words, "They will ask you about the crescent moons. Say, 'They are set times for mankind and for the Hajj.'" (2:189)

Ibn 'Umar said, "The months of hajj are Shawwal, Dhu'l-Qa'da, and the ten days of Dhu'l-Hijja." Ibn 'Abbas said, "Part of the sunna is that no one should go into ihram for hajj except during the months of hajj." 'Uthman disliked people going into ihram from Khorasan or Kirman.

[This means from a great distance before the miqat.]

1485. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the months of hajj and nights of hajj and in a state of hajj. We alighted at Sarif." She said, "He came out to his Companions and said, 'Anyone among you who does not have a sacrificial animal and wants to make it an 'umra should do so. Those who have sacrificial animals should not.'" She said, "Some of the Companions took advantage of this and some did not." She said, "As for the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and some men among his Companions, they were people of strong resolve and had sacrificial animals with them, and could not do 'umra."

She said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, found me weeping. He asked, 'What has made you weep, O Hantah?' I said, I heard what you said to your Companions and I am prevented from doing 'umra.' He said, 'What is wrong with you?' I said, 'I am not praying.' He said, 'It will not harm you. You are one of the daughters of Adam and Allah has decreed for you what He has decreed for them. Continue with your hajj and perhaps Allah will give it to you.'"

She said, "We went on with hajj until we reached Mina where I became pure. Then I went out from Mina and did the tawaf of the House." She said, "Then I left with him at the final departure until he alighted at al-Muhassab. We alighted with him. He called 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr and said, 'Take your sister out of the Haram and then she can go into ihram for 'umra and when you have finished come back here. I will wait until you both come.'"

She said, "We went out until I finished. I completed the tawaf and arrived back at dawn. He said, 'Did you finish?' I said, 'Yes.' He announced the departure among his Companions and everyone set out, he himself heading for Madina."

Dayr (harm) is from dara, yadiru dayran. It is said dara, yaduru dawran and darra yadurru darran.

[Hantah  means "ya hadhihi".]

XXXIII: Hajj at-Tamattu', Hajj al-Qiran and Hajj al-Ifrad and the interrupting of hajj for those who do not have sacrificial animals with them

1486. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We went out with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with the intention of doing hajj alone. When we arrived, we performed tawaf of the House. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, then instructed those who had not driven sacrificial animals to come out of ihram. So those who had not driven sacrificial animals came out of ihram and since his wives had not driven animals they too came out of ihram."

'A'isha said, "I started menstruating before I had done tawaf of the House." On the night of Hasba [i.e. al-Muhassab], she said, "Messenger of Allah, everyone is returning with 'umra and hajj and I am only returning with hajj." "He said, 'Did you not do tawaf the night we reached Makka?' I replied, 'No.' He said, 'Go with your brother to at-Tan'im and go into ihram for 'umra. We will meet you at such-and-such a place.' Safiyya said, 'I think that I will hold you up.' He said, 'What a nuisance! Did you not do tawaf on the day of sacrifice?'" She said, "I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'There is no harm in departing.' 'A'isha said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, met me while he was coming up from Makka and I was going down to it - or I was coming up and he was descending.'"

1487. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of the Farewell Hajj. Some of us had gone into ihram for 'umra and some of us for hajj and 'umra together, and some for hajj alone. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went into ihram for hajj alone. Those who went into ihram for hajj or for hajj and 'umra did not come out of it until the Day of Sacrifice." (Muwatta, Book 20, 36)

1488. It is related that Marwan ibn al-Hakam said, "I saw 'Uthman and 'Ali when 'Uthman forbade the tamattu' and joining them together (qiran). When 'Ali saw this, he said "Labbayk" for 'umra and hajj together [i.e. for qiran). He stated, 'I will not leave the sunna of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, no matter what anyone says.'"

1489. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "They used to think that 'umra during the months of hajj was one of the most heinous actions anyone could do. They would consider al-Muharram to be Safar and would say, 'When the wounds on the back of the camel heal and the scar has gone and Safar has passed, then 'umra is lawful for anyone who wants to do it.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions arrived on the morning of the fourth of Dhu'l-Hijja, having assumed ihram for the hajj, and he told them to make it an 'umra. They thought that extraordinary and said, 'Messenger of Allah, what sort of coming out of ihram is it?' He replied, 'A total coming out of ihram.'"

1490. It is related that Abu Musa said, "I came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he instructed me to come out of ihram."

1491. It is related that Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet, asked, "Messenger of Allah, what are the people doing coming out of ihram on account of doing 'umra when you have not come out of ihram?' He replied, 'I have gummed my hair and garlanded my sacrificial camels so I will not come out of ihram until I have sacrificed.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 189)

1492. It is related that Abu Jamra Nasr ibn 'Imran ad-Duba'i said, "I wanted to do tamattu' and people forbade me [to do that.] So I asked Ibn 'Abbas and he told me to do it. I had a dream in which a man was saying to me, 'An accepted hajj and an accepted 'umra.' I told Ibn 'Abbas and he said, 'The sunna of Abu'l-Qasim, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' Then he told me, 'Stay with me and I will allot you a portion of my property.'" Shu'ba said, "I said, 'Why?' He said, 'Because of the dream I had.'"

1493. It is related that Abu Shihab said, "I came to Makka intending to perfrom tamattu' for 'umra. We entered three days before Tarwiya (8 Dhu'l-Hijja]. Some of the people of Makka said to me, 'Now your hajj will become Makkan.' I went in to 'Ata' to ask his opinion. He said, 'Jabir ibn 'Abdullah related to me that he went on hajj with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the day when he drove the camels with him. They had gone into ihram for hajj alone (ifrad). He told them, "Come out of ihram after the tawaf of the House and sa'y between Safa and Marwa, cut your hair and then stay out of ihram until the day of Tarwiya. Then go into ihram for the hajj. Make your first intention tamattu'." They said, "How can we make it tamattu' when we called it hajj?" He said, "Do as I have instructed you. If it were not that I have driven sacrificial animals, I would have done the same I have instructed you, but I cannot come out of ihram until the sacrifice reaches its place." They did that.'"

1494. It is related that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said, "'Ali and 'Uthman disagreed about tamattu' when they were at 'Usfan. 'Ali said, 'You are trying to forbid something which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did.' When 'Ali saw that, he went into ihram for both together (qiran)."

XXXIV: Someone saying the talbiya for hajj and specifying it

1495. It is related from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah, "We came with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saying, 'At Your service, O Allah, at Your service for the hajj.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, instructed us to make it 'umra."

XXXV: At-Tamattu'

1496. It is related that 'Imran said, "We did tamattu' in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and then the Qur'an was revealed about it, but a particular man expressed the opinion he wished to."

XXXVI: The words of Allah Almighty, "that is for anyone whose family does not live near the Masjid al-Haram." (2:196)

1497. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas was asked about the Hajj at-Tamattu' and said, "The Muhajirun and the Ansar and the wives of the Prophet went into ihram for the Farewell Hajj and we went into ihram too. When we reached Makka, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Consider your ihram for hajj ihram for 'umra - except for those who have garlanded sacrificial animals.' We did tawaf of the House and did sa'y between Safa and Marwa, and then went to our wives and put on our (normal) clothes. He said, 'Anyone who has garlanded his sacrificial animal should not come out of ihram until the sacrifice reaches its place.' Then on the eve of Tarwiya he told us to go into ihram for hajj. When we finished the rites, we came and did tawaf of the House and did sa'y between Safa and Marwa. Our hajj was complete and we had to sacrifice, in compliance with the words of Allah Almighty: 'he should make whatever sacrifice is feasible. For anyone who cannot, there is three days' fast on hajj and seven on your return' (2:196) to your cities, a sheep being sufficient. So they combined two practices - hajj and 'umra - in the same year. Allah Almighty sent it down in His Book and it was the Sunna of His Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. It was allowed to people other than the people of Makka. Allah says, 'that is for anyone whose family does not live near the Masjid al-Haram.'

The months of hajj which Allah Almighty mentioned are Shawwal, Dhu'l-Qa'da and Dhu'l-Hijja. Whoever does tamattu' in these months must sacrifice or fast." Rafath means sexual relations, fusuq refers to acts of rebellion against Allah and jidal means quarrelling.

XXXVII: Doing ghusl when entering Makka

1498. It is related that Nafi' said, "When Ibn 'Umar entered the borders of the Haram, he would stop doing the talbiya and then stay the night at Dhu't-Tuwa. He would pray Subh there and do ghusl. He related that the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had done that." (Muwatta, Book 20, 6)

XXXVIII: Entering Makka by day or night

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stayed the night at Dhu't-Tuwa until morning and then entered Makka. Ibn 'Umar used to do that.

1499. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stayed the night at Dhu't-Tuwa until morning and then entered Makka." Ibn 'Umar used to do that too.

XXXIX: Where to enter Makka

1500. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to enter Makka by the higher route and leave by the lower route."

XL: Where to leave Makka

1501. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered Makka from Kada' by the higher route which is at al-Batha', and left by the lower route.

Abu 'Abdullah said, "It is said that he is Musaddad [meaning upright, correct] like his name." Abu 'Abdullah said, "I heard Yahya ibn Ma'in say that he heard Yahya ibn Sa'id say, 'If I had come to Musaddad in his house and I had related it, he would have deserved that, no matter what books I or Musaddad might have.'"

[Kada' is a mountain in upper Makka. The higher route descends to the cemetery of Makka.]

1502. It is related from 'A'isha that when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Makka, he entered from the higher part and left from the lower.

1503. It is related from 'A'isha that in the year of the Conquest the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered by Kada' and left by Kuda, in the upper part of Makka.

It is related from 'A'isha that in the year of the Conquest the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered by Kada' in upper Makka.

Hisham said, "'Urwa used to enter by both Kada' and Kuda. He often entered by Kada' which was nearer to his home."

1504. It is related from 'Urwa, "In the year of the Conquest the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered Makka by Kada' in upper Makka." Hisham said, "'Urwa often used to enter by Kada' which was nearer to his home."

It is related from the father of Hisham, "In the year of the Conquest the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered by Kada'. 'Urwa used to enter by both [Kada' and Kuda]. He often entered by Kada' which was nearer to his home."

Abu 'Abdullah said, "Kada' and Kuda are two places."

XLI: The excellence of Makka and its buildings

The words of Allah, "And when We made the House a place to return to, a sanctuary for mankind: 'Take the Station of Ibrahim as a place of prayer.' We contracted with Ibrahim and Isma'il to: 'Purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stay there, and those who bow and who prostrate.' And when Ibrahim said, 'My Lord, make this a place of safety and provide its inhabitants with fruits – all of them who believe in Allah and the Last Day.' He said, 'I will let him who rejects enjoy himself a little and then I will drive him to the punishment of the Fire. What an evil destination!' And when Ibrahim built the foundations of the House with Isma'il: 'Our Lord, accept this from us! You are the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing. Our Lord, make us both Muslims submitted to You, and our descendants a Muslim nation submitted to You. Show us our rites of worship and turn to Us You are the Ever-Returning, the Most Merciful." (2:125-128)

1505. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "When the Ka'ba was being rebuilt, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went with 'Abbas to move stones. Al-'Abbas said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'Put your waist-wrapper round your neck.' He fell to the earth with his eyes staring up into the sky and said, 'Give me my waist-wrapper,' and he girded himself with it."

1506. It is related from 'A'isha , the wife of the Prophet, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to her, "Do you not know that when your people rebuilt the Ka'ba, they made it smaller in area than the original foundations of Ibrahim?" [She said,] "So I asked, 'Messenger of Allah, why then do you not rebuild it again on the foundations of Ibrahim?' He replied, 'If it had not been that your people were only recently unbelievers, I would have done that.'" 'Abdullah said, "'A'isha heard this from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I believe that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, only omitted to touch the two corners opposite al-Hijr because it was not completed on the foundations of Ibrahim."

1507. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about the wall and whether it was part of the House. He said, 'Yes.' I asked, 'Why then have they not included it in the House?' He replied, 'Do you not see that your people were short of funds?' I said, 'What about its door being high off the ground?' He said, 'Your people did that so they could admit whom they wanted and bar entry to whom they wanted. If it were not for the fact that your people are still close to the time of Jahiliyya, making me afraid that their hearts might be averse to it, I would make the wall part of the House and lower its door to ground level.'"

1508. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, 'Were it not that your people were recently unbelievers, I would have demolished the House and then rebuilt it on the foundations of Ibrahim, peace and blessing be upon him. Quraysh have been incomplete in its construction. I would also have given it a back door.'"

Abu Mu'awiya said, "Hisham related to us, 'khalfan, in other words, "door".'"

1509. It is related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to her, "'A'isha, if it were it not for the fact that your people are close to the time of Jahiliyya, I would have commanded that the House be destroyed and would have included in it what has been left out of it, would have made it level with the ground, and would have given it two doors - an eastern door and a western door. This would have brought it back to the foundations of Ibrahim." It is this that prompted Ibn az-Zubayr to destroy it.

Yazid said, "I saw Ibn az-Zubayr when he destroyed it and rebuilt it and included in it part of al-Hijr. I saw the foundations of Ibrahim which consisted of stones like the humps of camels." Jarir said, "I asked him, 'Where exactly is it?' He said, 'I will show you now.' I went in al-Hijr with him.' He indicated a place and said, 'It is here.'" Jarir said, "I reckon it to have been about six cubits from al-Hijr."

XLII: The excellence of the Haram

The words of Allah Almighty, "I have simply been commanded to worship the Lord of this land which He has declared sacred – everything belongs to Him – and I have been ordered to be one of the Muslims," (27:91) and His words, may His mention be exalted, "Have We not established a safe haven for them to which produce of every kind is brought, provision direct from Us? But most of them do not know not it." (28:57)

1510. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "On the day of the Conquest of Makka, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Allah has made this city sacred. Its thorns should not be cut, its game should not be hunted and something dropped should not be picked up except by someone who announces it.'"

XLIII: The inheritance, sale and purchase of the houses of Makka. People are the same in respect of the Masjid al-Haram

This is especially since Allah Almighty says, "Those who reject and bar access to the Way of Allah and to the Sacred Mosque which We have appointed for all mankind – equally for those who live near it and those who come from far away – those who desire to profane it with wrongdoing, We will let them taste a painful punishment." (22:25)

1511. It is related that Usama ibn Zayd asked, "Messenger of Allah, where will you stay? In your house in Makka?" He replied, "Did 'Aqil leave any property or houses?" 'Aqil and Talib had inherited from Abu Talib, but Ja'far and 'Ali had not inherited anything because they were Muslims and 'Aqil and Talib were unbelievers. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab used to say, "The believer does not inherit from the unbeliever."

Ibn Shihab said, "They deduced this from the words of Allah Almighty, 'Those who believe and have emigrate and done jihad with their wealth and themselves in the Way of Allah, and those who give refuge and helped, they are the friends and protectors of one another.'" (8:72)

XLIV: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, staying in Makka

1512. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was on the point of entering Makka, he said, 'Our stopping place tomorrow will, Allah willing, be Khayf Bani Kinana where they took the oath of disbelief.'"

1513. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said on the morning of the Day of Sacrifice when he was at Mina, 'Tomorrow we will stop at Khayf Bani Kinana, where they took the oath of disbelief,' meaning by that, al-Muhassab, where Quraysh and Kinana had formed a mutual alliance against the Banu Hashim and Banu 'Abdu'l-Muttalib, or the Banu al-Muttalib, that they would not inter-marry with them nor conduct any business with them until they surrendered the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to them."

Salama and Yahya said from Ibn Shihab, "The Banu Hashim and Banu'l-Muttalib."

Abu 'Abdullah said, "The Banu'l-Muttalib is more likely."

XLV: The words of Allah the Mighty and Exalted, "When Ibrahim said, 'My Lord! Make this land a place of safety and keep me and my sons from worshipping idols. My Lord! They have misguided many of mankind. If anyone follows me, he is with me but if anyone disobeys me, You are Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful. Our Lord! I have settled some of my offspring by Your Sacred House in a valley with no cultivation. Our Lord! May they establish the prayer! Make the hearts of mankind incline towards them...'" (14:35-37)

XLVI: The words of Allah Almighty, "Allah has made the KaÔba, the Sacred House, a special institution for mankind, and also the sacred months and the sacrificial animals and the ritual garlands. That is so you will know that Allah knows what is in the heavens and what is in the earth and that Allah has knowledge of all things." (5:97)

1514. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Dhu's-Suwayqatayn from Abyssinia will demolish the Ka'ba."

[Dhu's-Suwayqatayn: lit. "the one with two thin, weak legs.]

1515. It is related that 'A'isha said, "They used to fast the Day of 'Ashura' before Ramadan was made obligatory. It was the day on which the Ka'ba was covered. When Allah made Ramadan obligatory, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who wishes to fast it may do so and anyone who wishes to leave it may do so."

1516. It is related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Hajj and 'umra to the House should continue after the coming of Ya'juj and Ma'juj."

Aban and 'Imran corroborated it from Qatada. It is related that Shu'ba said, "The Hour will not come until the time when people no longer go on hajj to the House." The first statement is more common. 'Abdullah ibn Abi 'Utba heard Qatada and 'Abdullah heard Abu Sa'id.

XLVII: The kiswa (covering) of the Ka'ba

1517. It is related that Abu Wa'il said, "I sat with Shayba on the chair in the Ka'ba. He said, ''Umar sat in this place and said, "I am not intending to leave any gold or silver here without distributing it.' I remarked, 'Your two companions did not do it.' He said, 'They are the two people I emulate.'"

[He means the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr]

XLVIII: Demolishing the Ka'ba

'A'isha said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "An army will attack the Ka'ba and will be swallowed up by the earth."

1518. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is as if I could see a bandy-legged black man taking down its stones one by one."

1519. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Dhu's-Suwayqatayn from Abyssinia will demolish the Ka'ba."

XLIX: What is recorded about the Black Stone

1520. It is related from 'Umar that he came to the Black Stone and kissed it and said, "I know that you are a stone which can bestow neither harm nor benefit. If it had not been that I had seen the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, kiss you, I would not have kissed you." (Muwatta, Book 20, 116)

L: Shutting the door of the House and praying in any part of the House one wishes

1521. It is related from Salim that his father said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered the House with Usama ibn Zayd, Bilal and 'Uthman ibn Abi Talha. They closed the door. When they opened it again, I was the first to enter. I met Bilal and asked him, 'Did the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray?' He said, 'Yes, between the two right hand columns.'"

LI: Praying in the Ka'ba

1522. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that whenever he entered the Ka'ba, he would walk straight ahead from where he entered with the door behind him and would walk forward until there was about three cubits between him and the wall in front of him. He would pray there with the intention of praying in the same place where Bilal had informed him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed. But there is no harm in anyone praying in any corner of the House he likes.

LII: Someone not going inside the Ka'ba.

Ibn 'Umar used to go on hajj often without going inside it.

1523. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went on 'umra. He performed tawaf of the House and then prayed two rak'ats behind the Maqam. With him were those shielding him from the people." A man asked 'Abdullah, "Did the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, go into the Ka'ba?" He replied, "No."

LIII: Someone saying the takbir inside the Ka'ba

1524. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came, he refused to enter the House as long as there were idols in it. He commanded that they be taken out and they were. They brought out a picture showing Ibrahim and Isma'il holding divining arrows in their hands. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Allah curse them! By Allah, they know that neither of them ever used these things.' He entered the House and said the takbir in each of its corners but did not pray in it."

LIV: How the ramal (fast walking) began

1525. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions arrived and the idolaters said that they had arrived weakened by the fever of Yathrib. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded them to walk fast for the first three circuits, walking normally between the two corners. If it had not been for his kind-heartedness towards them he would have commanded them to walk fast for every one of the circuits."

LV: Touching the Black Stone when arriving in Makka at the beginning of the tawaf and walking fast for three circuits

1526. It is related from Salim that his father said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, arrive in Makka. He touched the corner of the Black Stone at the beginning of his tawaf and he walked fast in the first three circuits of the seven."

LVI: Walking fast in both hajj and 'umra

1527. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, walked fast for three circuits and walked normally for four in both hajj and 'umra."

It is corroborated from Nafi' from Ibn 'Umar from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

1528. It is related from Zayd ibn Aslam from his father that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said to the Corner, "I know that you are a stone which can bestow neither harm nor benefit. If it had not been that I had seen the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, touch you, I would not have touched you." So he touched it and then said, "We only walked fast because we were showing off to the idolaters and Allah has now destroyed them." Then he said, "But it is something which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did so we do not like to abandon it."

1529. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "I have never failed to kiss these two corners under any circumstance since I saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, touch them." 'Ubaydullah said, "I asked Nafi', 'Did Ibn 'Umar walk normally between the two corners?' He said, 'He walked so that it would be easier for him to touch it.'"

LVII: Touching the stone with a stick with a curved end

1530. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did tawaf in the Farewell Hajj on a camel and touched the Corner with a stick with a curved end."

Ad-Darawardi corroborated it from the nephew of az-Zuhri from his uncle.

LVIII: Someone touching only the two Yemeni corners

Abu'sh-Sha'tha said, "Who keeps away from any of the House?" Mu'awiya used to touch all [four] corners and Ibn 'Abbas said to him, "These two corners should not be touched." He replied, "None of the House should be neglected." Ibn az-Zubayr used to touch all of them"

1531. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "I did not see the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, touch any part of the House except the two Yemeni corners."

LIX: Kissing the Black Stone

1532. It is related that Aslam said, "I saw 'Umar ibn al-Khattab kiss the Stone and he said, 'If it had not been that I had seen the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, kiss you, I would not have kissed you.'"

1533. It is related that az-Zubayr ibn 'Arabi said, "A man asked Ibn 'Umar about touching the Stone. He said, 'I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, touch it and kiss it.' He said, 'I said, "What about if there is a crush?' What about if I am overpowered?" He said, "Leave 'what about' in the Yemen! I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, touch it and kiss it."'"

LX: Someone pointing towards the Corner when he reaches it

1534. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did tawaf of the House on a camel. Each time he reached the Corner, he pointed towards it."

LXI: Saying the takbir at the Corner

1535. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did tawaf of the House on a camel. Each time he reached the Corner, he pointed towards it with something he was holding and said the takbir."

Ibrahim ibn Tahman corroborated it from Khalid al-Hadhdha'.

LXII: Someone doing tawaf of the House on arriving in Makka before returning to his house and then praying two rak'ats and going out to Safa

1536. It is related that 'Urwa said that'A'isha informed him that the first thing the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did when he arrived was wudu'. Then he did tawaf which was not for 'umra. Then Abu Bakr and 'Umar did hajj the same way. [He said,] "Then I went on hajj with my father, az-Zubayr and the first thing he did was the tawaf. Then I saw the Muhajirun and Ansar doing that. [He said, ] My mother informed me that she, her sister, az-Zubayr and certain other people, when they had gone into ihram for 'umra, would come out of it after touching the Corner."

1537. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used, in both hajj and 'umra, to do tawaf when he first arrived, walking fast for three circuits and normally for four, then do two rak'ats and then go between Safa and Marwa.

1538. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that, when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did the first tawaf of the House, he would trot for three circuits and walk normally for four and he would also run in the bottom of the water course when going between Safa and Marwa.

LXIII: Women doing tawaf together with men

1539. Ibn Jurayj said, "'Ata' informed us that when Ibn Hisham forbade women to do tawaf with the men, he said, 'How can you forbid them when the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did tawaf with the men?' I said, 'Was this before or after the veil?' He replied, 'On my life, I saw it after the veil!' I said, 'How did they mix with the men?' He said, 'They did not mix. 'A'isha used to do tawaf apart from the men without mixing with them. A woman said, 'Let us go and touch (the Stone), Mother of the Believers.' She said, 'Go without me,' and she refused to go. They used to go out veiled at night and do tawaf with the men, but if they wanted to enter the House, they would wait to enter until the men had left. I and 'Ubayd ibn 'Umayr used to visit 'A'isha when she was residing at Jawf Thabit.' I asked, 'What was her veil?' He said, 'She was in a small woollen tent with a covering, and there was only that between us and her. I could see that she was wearing a rose-coloured shirt.'"

1540. It is related that Umm Salama,, the wife of the Prophet, said, "I complained to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that I was ill and he said, 'Do tawaf riding behind the people.' So I did tawaf while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was praying beside the House, reciting "By Sinai and the inscribed Book..." (52)'"

LXIV: Speaking during tawaf

1541. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was doing tawaf of the House, he passed someone who had tied his hand to another man with a leather strip or string or something. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cut it and ordered, 'Lead him by the hand.'"

LXV: Someone seeing a leather strip or something he dislikes in tawaf and cutting it

1542. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw a man doing tawaf of the House with a rein or something else and cut it.

LXVI: Not doing tawaf naked and idolaters not performing hajj

1543. It is related from Abu Hurayra that, during the hajj over which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, put Abu Bakr in charge the year before the Farewell Hajj, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq sent him on the Day of Sacrifice with a group of people to announce among the people: "After this year no idolater may go on hajj and no naked person may do tawaf of the House."

LXVII: When someone stops during tawaf

'Ata' said, about someone who is doing tawaf when the iqama for the prayer is given and is then pushed from his place, that, after he has said the taslim, he should return to the place where he left off." Something similar to this is mentioned from Ibn 'Umar and 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr.

LXVIII: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed two rak'ats after seven circuits

Nafi' said, "Ibn 'Umar used to pray two rak'ats for every seven circuits." Isma'il ibn Umayya said, "I told az-Zuhri that 'Ata' said, 'The obligatory prayer takes the place of the two rak'ats of the tawaf.' He [az-Zuhri] said, 'The sunna is better. Whenever the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did seven circuits of tawaf, he prayed two rak'ats.'"

1544. It is related from 'Amr, "We asked Ibn 'Umar, 'Is it permitted for a man doing 'umra to have sexual relations with his wife before he goes between Safa and Marwa?' He replied, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and did seven circuits of the House. Then he prayed two rak'ats behind the Maqam and then went between Safa and Marwa.' He said, 'You have a good model in the Messenger of Allah.'" He said, "I asked Jabir ibn 'Abdullah and he said, 'He should not approach his wife until he has gone between Safa and Marwa.'"

LXIX: Someone not going near the Ka'ba and not doing tawaf after the first tawaf until returning from 'Arafa

1545. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, arrived in Makka, did tawaf and sa'y between Safa and Marwa and did not go near the Ka'ba after his first tawaf until he had returned from 'Arafa."

LXX: Someone praying two rak'ats for tawaf outside the Mosque

'Umar prayed outside the Haram

1546. It is related that Umm Salama, said, "I complained to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace..." "It is related from Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet, that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in Makka wanting to leave, Umm Salama had not yet done tawaf of the House and she also wanted to leave. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told her, "After the iqama for Subh prayer has been given, then do tawaf on your camel while the people are praying." She did that and did not pray until she had come out."

LXXI: Someone praying the two rak'ats of tawaf behind the Maqam

1547. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, arrived in Makka, did seven circuits of the House and prayed two rak'ats behind the Maqam. Then he went out to Safa. Allah Almighty says, 'You have a good model in the Messenger of Allah.' (33:21)"

LXXII: Tawaf after Subh and 'Asr

Ibn 'Umar used to pray the two rak'ats for tawaf before the sun rose and 'Umar did tawaf after the Subh prayer and then rode until he prayed two rak'ats at Dhu Tuwa.

1548. It is related from 'A'isha that some people did tawaf of the House after the Subh prayer and then sat listening to someone teaching until the sun rose. Then they stood up and prayed. 'A'isha said, "They sat until it was the hour in which it is disliked to pray and then stood up to pray."

1549. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbid praying before sunrise and at sunset."

1550. It is related that 'Abdu'l-'Aziz ibn Rufay' said, "I saw 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr doing tawaf before Fajr and then praying two rak'ats.." 'Abdu'l-'Aziz said, "And I saw 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr pray two rak'ats after 'Asr." 'A'isha reported that whenever the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered her house, he prayed these two.

LXXIII: Someone who is ill may do tawaf while mounted

1551. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did tawaf of the House while he was on a camel. Each time he came to the Corner, he pointed towards it with something in his hand and said the takbir.

1552. It is related that Umm Salama said, "I complained to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that I was ill and he said, 'Do tawaf while riding behind the people.' So I did tawaf while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,was praying beside the House, reciting "By Sinai and the inscribed Book..." (52)'"

LXXIV: Providing water for the pilgrims

1553. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "Al-'Abbas ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib asked the permission of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to spend the nights in Makka in order to give water, and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave him permission."

1554. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to the watering-place and asked for water. Al-'Abbas said, "O Fadl! Go to your mother and bring the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, something to drink." He said, "Let me drink." He said, "Messenger of Allah, the people have put their hands in it." He said, "Let me drink." He drank from it and then went to Zamzam where some people were giving water and others working to get it. He said, "Carry on working! You are doing a righteous action." Then he said, "If it were not that you would be overcome, I would have come down and put the rope on this," meaning his shoulder and he pointed to his shoulder.

LXXV: What is said about Zamzam

1555. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that Abu Dharr related that the Messenger of Allah said, "The roof of my house was opened while I was in Makka and Jibril, peace be upon him, descended. He opened my breast and then washed it with the water of Zamzam. Then he brought a golden basin filled with wisdom and belief and poured it into my breast and closed it again. Then he took my hand and ascended with me to the lowest heaven and Jibril said to the guardian of the lowest heaven, 'Open!' He demanded, 'Who is this?' He said, 'Jibril.'"

1556. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I gave water to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from Zamzam and he drank while standing."

'Asim said, "'Ikrima swore that on that day he was riding a camel."

LXXVI: The tawaf of someone doing Hajj al-Qiran

1557. It is related from 'A'isha, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Farewell Hajj and went into ihram for 'umra'. Then he said, 'Whoever has a sacrifical animal with him should go into ihram for hajj and 'umra and should not come out of ihram until he has completed both.' I reached Makka while I was menstruating When we had finished our hajj, he sent me to at-Tan'im with 'Abdu'r-Rahman and I did 'umra. He, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'This is to compensate for the 'umra you missed.' Those who had gone into ihram for 'umra of the House came out of ihram and then did another tawaf after they returned from Mina. Those who had combined hajj and 'umra did only one tawaf."

1558. It is related from Nafi' that Ibn 'Umar's son, 'Abdullah, entered his house on his mount and said, "I am not at all certain that there will not be fighting between people which will bar your way to the House so I sugggest you stay put?." He said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out on hajj while the unbelievers of Quraysh were between him and the House. If something comes between me and the House, I will do as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did. 'You have a good model in the Messenger of Allah.' (33:21)" Then he said, "I testify to you that I have gone into ihram to do hajj with 'umra." Then he came and did one tawaf for both of them.

[The fighting was between 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr and al-Hajjaj.]

1559. It is related from Nafi' that Ibn 'Umar wanted to go on hajj in the year in which al-Hajjaj attacked Ibn az-Zubayr. He was told, "There might be fighting between them. We fear that they will bar your way." He said, "'You have a good model in the Messenger of Allah.' (33:21) Therefore I will act as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did. I testify to you that I have gone into ihram for 'umra."

Then he set out until he reached al-Bayda' and said, "The business of the hajj and 'umra is the same. I testify to you that I went into ihram to do hajj with 'umra." He drove a sacrificial animal that he had purchased at Qudayd and did not do more than that. He did not slaughter nor come out of ihram at all nor shave nor shorten his hair until the Day of Sacrifice. He sacrificed and shaved his head and considered that he had fulfilled the tawaf of both hajj and 'umra with his first tawaf." Ibn 'Umar said, "That is how the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did it."

LXXVII: Tawaf while in wudu'

1560. It is related that Muhammad ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Nawfal al-Qurayshi asked 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr [about the hajj of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace]. He replied, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, performed hajj and 'A'isha informed me that the first thing the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did when he arrived was wudu'. Then he did tawaf which was not for 'umra. Then Abu Bakr did hajj and the first thing he did was tawaf of the House which was not for 'umra. Then 'Umar did hajj the same way. Then 'Uthman went on hajj and I saw that the first thing he did was tawaf of the House which was not for 'umra. Then there was Mu'awiya and 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar. Then I went on hajj with Abu'z-Zubayr and the first thing he did was the tawaf of the House. Then I saw the Muhajirun and Ansar doing that, and that it was not for 'umra. The last person I saw doing it was Ibn 'Umar and he did not complete it as 'umra. Now here is Ibn 'Umar among them and they do not ask him! None of those who went before did anything until they had placed their feet in the tawaf of the House and they would not then come out of ihram. I saw my mother and my aunt when they came. They did not do anything before doing tawaf of the House and they too did not then come out of ihram. My mother informed me that when she, her sister and az-Zubayr and certain other people went into ihram for 'umra, and after touching the Corner they would come out of ihram.

LXXVIII: The obligation of Safa and Marwa and the fact that it is one of the waymarks of Allah

1561. It is related that 'Urwa said, "I asked 'A'isha, 'What do you think of the words of Allah Almighty, "Safa and Marwa are among the Sacred Landmarks of Allah, so anyone who goes on hajj to the House or does 'umra incurs no wrong in going back and forth between them." (2:158) By Allah, so there is no harm in not going between Safa and Marwa.' She said, 'My nephew, what you say is wrong. If it was as you say, it would have been, "There is no harm in him not doing tawaf between them." However, it was sent down about the Ansar who used previously to go into ihram for the idol Manat which they used to worship at al-Mushallal. Those going into ihram considered it a sin to do tawaf between Safa and Marwa. When they became Muslim, they asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about that, saying, 'Messenger of Allah, we used to consider it to be a sin to do tawaf between Safa and Marwa.' So Allah Almighty sent down, 'Safa and Marwa are among the waymarks of Allah...' 'A'isha said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made a sunna of doing tawaf between the two of them, so no one should neglect to do tawaf between them.'

"Then I informed 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr and he said, 'I have not heard this. I did hear some of the people of knowledge saying that the people - except for those 'A'isha mentioned who went into ihram for Manat - all used to do tawaf of Safa and Marwa. When Allah Almighty mentioned tawaf of the House and did not mention Safa and Marwa in the Qur'an, they said, "Messenger of Allah, we used also to do tawaf around Safa and Marwa and Allah has revealed tawaf of the House without mentioning Safa. Is it a sin for us to do tawaf of Safa and Marwa?" Allah Almighty then revealed, "Safa and Marwa are among the waymarks of Allah..."'

"Abu Bakr said, 'I heard that this ayat was revealed about both groups, those who used to consider it a sin to do tawaf of Safa and Marwa in the time of Jahiliyya, and those who had done tawaf of them and then considered it a sin to do it in Islam because Allah Almighty had commanded tawaf of the House without mentioning Safa, only speaking of it after what He said about tawaf of the House.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 130)

[al-Mushallal is a place close to al-Juhfa. They considered tawaf between them to be sinful because two idols had been there: Isaf and Na'ila]]

LXXIX: What has come about sa'y between Safa and Marwa

Ibn 'Umar said, "Sa'y is from the house of the Banu 'Abbad to the alley of the Banu Abi Husayn."

1562. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did the first tawaf, he went fast for three circuits and walked normally for four. He used to run on the bottom on the water-course when he went between Safa and Marwa."

['Ubaydullah ibn 'Umar said,] "I asked Nafi', 'Did 'Abdullah walk when he reached the Yemeni corner?' He replied, 'No. Unless there was a crowd at the Corner, he would not leave it without touching it.'"

1563. It is related that Ibn Dinar said, "We asked Ibn 'Umar about a man who had done tawaf of the House in his 'umra but had not yet gone between Safa and Marwa, was he permitted to have sexual relations with his wife? He replied, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and did seven circuits of the House and prayed two rak'ats behind the Maqam and did tawaf of Safa and Marwa seven times. "You have a good model in the Messenger of Allah."' We asked Jabir ibn 'Abdullah and he said, 'He should not approach her until he has done tawaf between Safa and Marwa.'"

1564. It is related that Ibn Dinar said, "I heard Ibn 'Umar say, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and did tawaf of the House and prayed two rak'ats and did sa'y between Safa and Marwa '. Then he recited, 'You have a good model in the Messenger of Allah.'"

1565. It is related that 'Asim said, "I said to Anas ibn Malik, 'Did you used to dislike doing sa'y between Safa and Marwa?' He said, 'Yes, because they were two of the waymarks of the Jahiliyya, until Allah sent down, '"afa and Marwa are among the Sacred Landmarks of Allah, so anyone who goes on hajj to the House or does 'umra incurs no wrong in going back and forth between them.'"

1566. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ran around the House and between Safa and Marwa in order to show the idolaters his strength."

'Amr said, "I heard the like of it from 'Ata' from Ibn 'Abbas."

LXXX: Menstruating women fulfilling all the rites except tawaf of the House. Doing sa'y between Safa and Marwa while not in wudu'

1567. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I arrived in Makka when I was menstruating and did do not tawaf of the House nor go between Safa and Marwa." She said, "I complained about that to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, "Do everything other pilgrims do, except do not do tawaf of the House until you are pure." (Muwatta, Book 20, 233)

1568. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions went into ihram for hajj and none of them, except the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,and Talha, had sacrifices with them. 'Ali arrived from the Yemen with a sacrificial animal and said, 'I have gone into ihram with the same intention as that for which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went into ihram.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded his Companions to make it an 'umra and do tawaf and then to cut their hair short and to come out of ihram - except for those who had sacrificial animals with them. They said, 'How can we go to Mina when one of us says he has just had a seminal discharge?' That reached the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'If I had known at the start of this affair what I know at the end, I would not have brought a sacrificial animal with me. If I did not have a sacrificial animal with me, I would have come out of ihram.' 'A'isha got her menstrual period and performed all the rites except for tawaf of the House. When she was pure, she did tawaf of the House and said, 'Messenger of Allah, you are all returning with hajj and 'umra and I am returning with only hajj.' So he commanded 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr to go out with her to at-Tan'im and she performed 'umra after hajj.

1569. It is related from Ayyub that Hafsa said, "We used to keep our young women from going out for the two 'Ids. A woman came and stayed at the fortress of the Banu Khalaf and she related that her sister, whose husband had been one of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and had been on twelve expeditions with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and who had herself gone with him on six of them, said, 'We used to treat the wounded and care for the sick.' 'My sister asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Is there any harm in one of us going out if she does not have an outer covering garment?" He said, "Her companion should let her share her outer covering garment and take part in the good actions and gatherings of the believers." When Umm 'Atiyya came, I asked her (or he said, "We asked her"), and she never mentioned the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, without saying, 'By my father', and we said, "Did you hear the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say such-and-such?" and she said, "Yes, by my father! I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Young unmarried women, women who seclude themselves - or young girls who seclude themselves - and menstruating women also should go out and take part in the good actions and meetings of the believers, but menstruating women should stay away from the place of prayer.' " ' "

[Hafsa said,] "I said, 'Menstruating women?' She said, 'Do they not attend 'Arafa, and so on and so on.' "

LXXXI: Going into ihram from al-Batha' and elsewhere for Makkans and other pilgrims when leaving Mina.

'Ata' was asked about whether someone in the area (of Makka) can say talbiya for the hajj. He said, "Ibn 'Umar used to say talbiya on the Day of Tarwiya after he had prayed Dhuhr and was upright on his mount. Jabir said, "We arrived with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and came out of ihram until the Day of Tarwiya when we put Makka behind us and said talbiya for the hajj." Jabir said, "We went into ihram from al-Batha'."

'Ubayd ibn Jurayj said to Ibn 'Umar, "I see that when you are in Makka, whereas other people go into ihram when they see the new moon, you do not go into ihram until the Day of Tarwiya." He said, "I did not see the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, go into ihram until his mount set off."

LXXXII: Where to pray Dhuhr on the Day of Tarwiya

1570. It is related that 'Abdu'l-'Aziz ibn Rufay' said, "I asked Anas ibn Malik saying, 'Tell me something you remember from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Where did he pray Dhuhr and 'Asr on the Day of Tarwiya?' He said, 'At Mina.' I said, 'Where did he pray 'Asr on the Day of Nafr [13th Dhu'l-Hijja]?' He said, 'At al-Abtah.' Then he said, 'Do as your amirs do.'"

[al-Abtah is al-Muhassab]

1571. It is related that 'Abdu'l-'Aziz said, "I went out to Mina on the Day of Tarwiya and met Anas riding on a donkey. I asked, 'Where did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray Dhuhr on this day?' He replied, 'See where your amirs pray and pray there.'"

LXXXIII: The prayer at Mina

1572. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed two rak'ats at Mina as did Abu Bakr, and 'Umar, and 'Uthman at the beginning of his khalifate."

1573. It is related that Haritha ibn Wahb al-Khuza'i said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, led us in a two rak'at prayer at Mina when we were the most numerous we had ever been and the most secure."

1574. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "I prayed two rak'ats with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and two rak'ats with Abu Bakr and two rak'ats with 'Umar, and then you followed different paths [i.e. you disagreed about shortening the prayer or praying it in full]. Would that I were lucky enough to have two rak'ats of the four accepted!"

LXXXIV: Fasting on the Day of 'Arafa

1575. It is related from Umm al-Fadl, "The people were unsure about whether the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was fasting on the day of 'Arafa. I sent something to drink to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he drank it."

LXXXV: The talbiya and takbir when going from Mina to 'Arafa

1576. It is related that Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr ath-Thaqafi asked Anas ibn Malik while they were going from Mina to 'Arafa, "What did you do on this day with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?" He said, "Some of us used to say the talbiya and no one objected to it, and some of us said the takbir and no one objected to it." (Muwatta, Book 20, 43)

LXXXVI: Going at noon on the Day of 'Arafa

1577. It is related that Salim said, "'Abdu'l-Malik wrote to al-Hajjaj telling him not to differ from Ibn 'Umar in the matter of the hajj. I was with Ibn 'Umar when he came on the day of 'Arafa when the sun had just started to decline and shouted near the tent of al-Hajjaj. He came out wearing a large waist-wrapper dyed with safflower and said, 'What do you want, Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman?' He said, 'Leave now if you want to fulfill the sunna?' He said. 'Right now?' He said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Give me a minute to pour some water on my head and then I will come.' He dismounted until al-Hajjaj came out. He went between me and my father and I said, 'If you want to fulfill the sunna, then give a short khutba and go quickly for the Standing. He began to look towards 'Abdullah and when 'Abdullah saw that, he said, 'He has spoken the truth.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 203)

LXXXVII: Remaining on one's mount while at 'Arafa

1578. It is related from Umm al-Fadl bint al-Harith that on the day of 'Arafa some people disagreed in her presence about whether the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was fasting or not. Some of them said, "He is fasting," and others said, "He is not fasting." [She said,] "He was mounted on his camel and I sent him a bowl of milk and he drank it." (Muwatta, Book 20, 133)

LXXXVIII: Combining the two prayers at 'Arafa

When Ibn 'Umar missed the prayer with the Imam, he combined the prayers.

1579. Ibn Shihab said, "Salim informed me that in the year that al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf attacked Ibn az-Zubayr, he asked 'Abdullah, 'What do you do during the Standing on the day of 'Arafa?' Salim said, 'If you want to fulfil the sunna, do the prayer at midday on the day of 'Arafa.' 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, 'He has spoken the truth.' The Sunna was to combine Dhuhr and 'Asr. I said to Salim, 'Did the Messenger of Allah* do that?' Salim said, 'By doing it do you think you are doing anything except following his sunna?'"

LXXXIX: Making the khutba at 'Arafa short

1580. It is related that Salim said, "'Abdu'l-Malik wrote to al-Hajjaj to follow Ibn 'Umar in the matter of the the hajj. I was with Ibn 'Umar when he came on the day of 'Arafa when the sun had started to decline - or go down - and shouted at his tent. 'Where is he?' He came out to him and Ibn 'Umar said, 'Leave now!' He said. 'Right now?' He said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Give me a minute to pour some water over myself.' Ibn 'Umar dismounted until he came out. He went between me and my father and I said, 'If you want to fulfil the sunna, then give a short khutba and go quickly for the Standing. Ibn 'Umar said, 'He has spoken the truth.'"

XC: The Standing at 'Arafa

1581. It is related from Muhammad ibn Jubayr ibn Mut'im that his father said, "I was looking for a camel of mine..."

It is related that Jubayr ibn Mut'im said, "I lost a camel and went to look for it on the day of 'Arafa and saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, standing at 'Arafa and I said, 'By Allah, this man is from al-Hums [i.e. Quraysh]. What is he doing here?'"

1582. It is related that 'Urwa said, "In the time of Jahiliyya, people used to do tawaf naked except for al-Hums. Al-Hums consisted of Quraysh and their descendants. The Hums used to give to other people, the men giving clothes to other men who would then do tawaf in them, and the women giving clothes to other women who would then do tawaf in them. Those to whom the Hums did not give any clothes would do tawaf of the House naked. Most people used to disperse from 'Arafa, but the Hums would disperse from Muzdalifa."

He said, "My father informed me from 'A'isha that this ayat was sent down about al-Hums, 'Then press on from where the people press on.' (2:199)" He said, "They used to disperse from Muzdalifa and were sent to 'Arafa."

XCI: The way to proceed when leaving 'Arafa

1583. It is related that 'Urwa said, "Once while I was present, Usama was asked, 'How did the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, proceed in the Farewell Hajj when he left 'Arafa?' He replied, 'He travelled at a medium pace and when he found a gap, he would go faster.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 185)

Hisham said, "Nass is faster than medium pace; fajwa is space and its plural is fajawat and fija', like rakwa and rika'. Manas is that in which there is no time to escape." (cf Qur'an 38:3)

XCII: Dismounting between 'Arafa and Muzdalifa

1584. It is related from Usama ibn Zayd, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless asked and grant him peace, came down from 'Arafa, he went over to a gulley and relieved himself and then did wudu'. I said, 'Messenger of Allah, are you going to pray?' He replied, 'The prayer is still ahead of you.'"

1585. It is related that Nafi' said, "Ibn 'Umar used to combine Maghrib and 'Isha' at Muzdalifa. However, he would go by the gulley the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had gone to and would relieve himself and do wudu' there, not praying until he prayed at Muzdalifa.'"

1586. It is related that Usama ibn Zayd said, "I was riding behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from 'Arafat. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to the gulley on the left before Muzdalifa, he made his camel kneel and urinated. Then he came and I poured water for his wudu'. He did wudu' but not thoroughly. I said, 'The prayer, Messenger of Allah!' He said, 'The prayer is still ahead of you.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, rode on and when he reached Muzdalifa, he prayed. Then al-Fadl rode behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the morning of Muzdalifa."

It is related from al-Fadl that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not stop saying the talbiya until reached the Jamra [al-'Aqaba].

XCIII: The Prophet's command to be calm in dispersing and his making a motion at them with his whip

1587. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that he went with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on the Day of 'Arafa and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard a great shouting and beating of camels behind him. He pointed with his whip at them and said, 'People! You must be calm. Rushing is not part of piety.'"

Awda'u (9:47) is "to rush", Khilalakum refers to gaps between them. "We made it gush amongst them" (19:33) means between them.

XCIV: Combining the two prayers at Muzdalifa

1588. It is related that Usama ibn Zayd was heard to say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pushed on from 'Arafa and dismounted at a gulley, urinated and did wudu' but not thoroughly. I said to him, 'The prayer!' He said, 'The prayer is still ahead of you.' He reached Muzdalifa and did wudu', doing it thoroughly. Then the iqama was given for the prayer and he prayed Maghrib. Then everyone made their camels stay kneeling where they were and the iqama was given and he prayed, without praying anything between the two prayers." (Muwatta, Book 20, 206)

XCV: Someone combining two prayers and not doing any supererogratory prayers

1589. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, combined Maghrib and 'Isha' at Muzdalifa with an iqama for each of them and there was no supererogatory prayer between them or after them." (Muwatta, Book 20, 205)

1590. It is related from Abu Ayyub al-Ansari that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, combined Maghrib and 'Isha' at Muzdalifa in the Farewell Hajj. (Muwatta, Book 20, 207)

XCVI: Someone giving the adhan and iqama for each of them

1591. It is related that 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Yazid said, "'Abdullah went on hajj and we came to Muzdalifa at the time of the adhan for 'Isha' or about then. He commanded a man to give the adhan and iqama. Then he prayed Maghrib and prayed two rak'ats after it. Then he called for his meal and ate it. Then, I think, he commanded someone to do the adhan and iqama ['Amr said, 'As far as I know the doubt is only from Zuhayr".] Then he prayed 'Isha' with two rak'ats. When dawn approached, he said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to not pray any prayer at this time except for this prayer in this place on this day.' 'Abdullah said, 'These two prayers are moved from their proper times: the Maghrib prayer is after people come to Muzdalifa and Fajr is when dawn approaches.' He said, 'I saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do it."

XCVII: Someone sending the weak members of his family ahead at night, with them staying a short while at Muzdalifa, making supplication there and going on from there after the moon had set

1592. It is related that Salim said, "'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to sent the weak members of his family ahead and they would stay at Muzdalifa for some of the night and remember Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, as much as they could and then they would go on before the Imam got up and left. Some of them would arrive in Mina in time for the Fajr prayer and some of them would arrive after that. When they arrived, they stoned the Jamra. Ibn 'Umar used to say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made an allowance for such people.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 180)

1593. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me on from Muzdalifa at night."

1594. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I was among those whom the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent on early during the night of Muzdalifa among the weak members of his family."

1595. It is related from 'Abdullah, the client of Asma', "Asma' halted on the night of Muzdalifa and stood up to pray. She prayed for a time and then said, 'O my son, has the moon set?' I said, 'No.' So she prayed a while longer and then said, 'Has the moon set?' I said, 'Yes.' She said, 'Let's set out.' So we set out and continued until she had stoned the Jamra. Then she returned and prayed Subh in her residence. I said to her, 'O you! I think we have come too early.' She said, 'O my son, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, permitted it to the women.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 181)

1596. It is related that 'A'isha said, "Sawda asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission to leave during the night of Muzdalifa. She was a heavy and slow woman. He gave her permission."

1597. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We alighted at Muzdalifa and Sawda asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission to go on before the main body of the people. She was a slow woman. He gave her permission and she went before the main body of the people. We stayed on until morning and then went when he went. If only I had asked permission of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as Sawda had done that would have been dearer to me than any other joy."

XCVIII: The time Fajr is prayed at Muzdalifa

1598. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "I never saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray a prayer outside of its time except for two - he joined Maghrib and 'Isha' and prayed Fajr before its time."

1599. It is related that 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Yazid said, "I went with 'Abdullah to Makka. When we joined the prayers, he prayed two prayers, each with an adhan and iqama with a meal between them. Then he prayed Fajr when dawn approached. Some said, 'Dawn has arrived,' and others said, 'Dawn has not yet arrived.' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "These two prayers are moved from their proper times in this place: Maghrib and 'Isha' - people do not arrive at Muzdalifa until late evening - and the Fajr prayer at this hour."' Then 'Abdullah stayed until it became brighter. Then he said, 'If the Amir al-Mu'minin left now, he would be following the Sunna.' I do not know which came first - his words or the departure of 'Uthman. He continued to say the talbiya until he stoned the Jamra al-'Aqaba on the Day of Sacrifice."

XCIX: The time to leave Muzdalifa

1600. It is related that 'Amr ibn Maymun said, "I saw 'Umar pray Subh at Muzdalifa. Then he stood and said, 'The idolaters used to not leave until the sun rose saying, "Let it shine on Thabir." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, acted differently from them, leaving before the sun had risen.'"

C: Talbiya and takbir on the morning of the Day of Sacrifice until the Jamra has been stoned, and riding behind someone on the journey

1601. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, let al-Fadl ride behind him. Al-Fadl reported that he continued to say the talbiya until he stoned the Jamra.

1602. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "Usama ibn Zayd rode behind the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, from 'Arafa to Muzdalifa. Then al-Fadl rode behind him from Muzdalifa to Mina. Both of them said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, continued to say the talbiya until he stoned the Jamra.'"

CI: Someone performing both 'umra and hajj. "Anyone who comes out of ihram between 'umra and hajj should make whatever sacrifice is feasible. For any one who cannot, there is three days' fast on hajj and seven on your return – that is ten in all. That is for anyone whose family does not live near the Sacred Mosque." (2:196)

1603. It is related that Abu Jamra said, "I asked Ibn 'Abbas about tamattu' and he told me to do it. I asked him about sacrificial animals and he said, 'It can be a camel, a cow, a sheep or sharing in the blood (of an animal).'" He went on, "It seemed that some people were not happy with this. I went to sleep and had a dream in which a man was announcing, 'An accepted hajj and an accepted mut'a (tamattu').' I went to Ibn 'Abbas and told him and he said, 'Allah is greater! The sunna of Abu'l-Qasim, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'" Shu'ba related, "An accepted hajj and an accepted 'umra."

CII: Riding sacrificial camels with reference to His words, "We have appointed the sacrificial animals for you as one of the sacred rites of Allah. There is good in them for you, so mention Allah's name over them, standing in rows. And then when they collapse on their sides, [eat of them and feed both those who ask and those who are too shy to ask. In this way We have made them subservient to you so that perhaps you may be thankful. Their flesh and blood does not reach Allah but your fear of Him does reach Him. In this way He has subjected them to you so that you might proclaim Allah's greatness for the way that He has guided you.] Give good news to the good-doers." (22:36-27)

Mujahid said, "Budn (camels) are called that because of their fat (budn). Al-qani' means "beggar". Al-mu'tarr is someone who seeks some of the sacrifice, be he rich or poor. The expression, 'the sacred rites of Allah', is used to exalt and approve of the sacrificial camels. 'Atiq (Ancient, free) is because it is free of tyrants. It is said that wajabat means "to fall to the earth". one says, 'The sun went down (wajabat).'"

1604. It is related from Abu Hurayra, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw a man driving a sacrificial camel and said, 'Ride it.' He said, 'It is a sacrificial camel.' He said, 'Ride it.' He said, 'It is a sacrificial camel.' He said, 'Ride it, confound you! (the second or third time)'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 140)

1605. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw a man driving a sacrificial camel and said, "Ride it." He said, "It is a sacrificial camel." He said, "Ride it." He said, "It is a sacrificial camel." He said, "Ride it" three times.

CIII: Someone driving sacrifical camels with him

1606. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, performed tamattu' in the Farewell Hajj, joining 'umra to hajj. He sacrificed and drove a sacrifice with him from Dhu'l-Hulayfa. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, began by going into ihram for 'umra and then went into ihram for the hajj. The people did tamattu' between 'umra and hajj with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Some people brought sacrificial animals and drove them with them and some did not sacrifice. When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Makka, he said to the people, 'Those of you who have a sacrifice should not come out of ihram at all until after finishing their hajj. Anyone who does not have a sacrifice should do tawaf of the House and of Safa and Marwa and then cut his hair and come out of ihram and then he should go into ihram for the hajj. Whoever cannot find a sacrifice should fast three days on hajj and seven when he returns to his people.' When he arrived in Makka he did tawaf, starting by touching the Corner. He went fast for three circuits and walked normally for four circuits. When he finished his tawaf of the House, he prayed two rak'ats at the Maqam and then said the taslim. and went to Safa and did tawaf of Safa and Marwa seven times. He did not come out of ihram at all until he had finished his hajj and sacrificed his sacrificial animal. Then he went and did tawaf of the House. Then everything that was forbidden by ihram became lawful. Those people who had sacrifices and drove the sacrifices with them did the same as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did."

It is related from 'Urwa that 'A'isha told him about the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, doing tamattu' between 'umra and hajj similar to what Salim reported from Ibn 'Umar from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

CIV: Someone buying a sacrificial animal on the way

1607. It is related from Nafi' that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said to his father, "Stay put. I am not at all sure that you will not be barred from reaching the House." He said, "I will do as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did. Allah said, 'You have a good model in the Messenger of Allah. I testify to you that I have gone into ihram for 'umra." So he went into ihram for 'umra.

Nafi' said, "He went out until he came to al-Bayda' and said, "The business of the hajj and the 'umra is the same." He purchased a sacrificial animal at Qudayd. Then he came and did one tawaf for both of them. He did not come out of ihram until he came out of it for both of them together."

CV: Someone marking and garlanding at Dhu'l-Hulayfa and then going into ihram

Nafi' said, "When Ibn 'Umar took a sacrificial animal at the time of al-Hudaybiyya, he garlanded it and marked it at Dhu'l-Hulayfa, stabbing the right side of its hump with a large knife and then making it kneel facing the qibla.

1608. It is related that Al-Miswar ibn Makhrama and Marwan said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out from Madina with about a thousand of his Companions until they came to Dhu'l-Hulayfa. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, garlanded his sacrificial animal and marked it and went into ihram for 'umra."

1609. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I plaited the garlands for the sacrificial animals of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with my own hands. Then he garlanded them and marked them and drove them. But nothing was unlawful for him which would normally be lawful for him."

CVI: Plaiting garlands for sacrificial camels and cattle

1610. It is related that Hafsa, said, "I said, 'Messenger of Allah, what are the people doing coming out of ihram when you have not come out of ihram?' He said, 'I have gummed my hair and garlanded my sacrificial camels so I will not come out of ihram until I have sacrificed.'"

1611. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to bring sacrificial animals from Madina and I plaited the garlands for his sacrificial animals with my own hands. But he did not then keep away from those things that someone in ihram keeps away from."

CVII: Marking the sacrificial animals

Al-Miswar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, garlanded the sacrificial animals and marked them and went into ihram for 'umra."

1612. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I plaited the garlands for the sacrificial animals of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Then he marked them and garlanded them and sent them to the House, but he stayed in Madina. Nothing was unlawful for him which would normally be lawful for him."

CVIII: Someone putting on garlands with his own hand

1613. It is related from 'Amra bint 'Abdu'r-Rahman that Ziyad ibn Abi Sufyan wrote to 'A'isha that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas said, "When someone sends a sacrifice, what is unlawful for the pilgrim is also unlawful for him until his sacrifice is sacrificed." 'Amra said, "'A'isha said, "It is not as Ibn 'Abbas said, I plaited the garlands for the sacrificial animals of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with my own hands. Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, garlanded them and sent them with my father. Nothing was unlawful for the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which Allah made lawful during the time until the sacrifice was slaughtered."  (Muwatta, Book 20, 52)

CIX: Garlanding sheep

1614. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, once sent a sheep as sacrificial animal.

1615. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I used to plait the garlands of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and garlanded the sheep and he would stay with his family as someone not in ihram."

1616. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I used to plait the garlands of the sheep of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he would sent them [to the Ka'b] and not go into ihram."

1617. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I plaited (i.e. the garlands) for the sacrificial animals of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, before he went into ihram."

CX: The garlands are made from carded wool

1618. It is related that the Umm al-Mu'minin ['A'isha] said, "I plaited their garlands from some carded wool which I had."

CXI: Garlanding with a sandal

1619. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw a man driving a sacrificial animal and said, 'Ride it.' He said, 'It is a sacrificial camel.' He repeated, 'Ride it.'" He said, "I saw him riding it in obedience to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with a sandal round its neck."

Muhammad ibn Bashshar corroborated it.

1620. It is related from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

CXII: The covering cloths of the sacrificial camels

Ibn 'Umar used to tear open only the place on the cloths where the hump was. When he sacrificed them, he would remove their cloths fearing the blood would ruin them and then he would give them away as sadaqa.

1621. It is related that 'Ali said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered me to give away in sadaqa the coverings and skins of the camels which had been sacrificed."

CXIII: Someone buying his sacrificial camel on the way and garlanding it

1622. It is related that Nafi' said, "Ibn 'Umar made the intention to go on hajj in the year of the Hajj of al-Haruriyya* in the time of Ibn az-Zubayr. He was told, 'There may well be fighting between the people and we are afraid that they will bar your way.' He said, '"You have a good model in the Messenger of Allah." I will do as he did. I testify to you that I have gone into ihram to perform 'umra.' When he was at al-Bayda' he stated, 'The business of the hajj and the 'umra is the same. I testify to you that I have joined hajj with 'umra.' He drove a garlanded sacrificial animal which he had purchased. When he arrived, he did tawaf of the House and Safa and did not do more than that and did not make lawful for himself any of the things which were unlawful until the Day of Sacrifice. He shaved (his head) and sacrificed and considered that he had completed his tawaf for both hajj and 'umra with his first tawaf. Then he said, 'That is how the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did it.'"

[The Kharijites. Harura' is a town near Kufa which was the Kharijite base. In 68/688, there were four distinct groups who performed hajj, each separate from one another: Ibn az-Zubayr, Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyya, the Umayyads, and the Kharijites under Najda.]

CXIV: A man slaughtering cows for his wives without their telling him to

1623. It is related that 'Amra bint 'Abdu'r-Rahman said, "I heard 'A'isha say, 'We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, during the last five days of Dhu'l-Qa'da intending only the hajj. When we drew near Makka, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded those who had no sacrificial animals with them to come out of ihram after doing tawaf and sa'y between Safa and Marwa.' She said, 'On the Day of Sacrifice, some beef was brought to us. I said, 'What is this?' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has slaughtered for his wives.'"

Yahya said, "I mentioned it to al-Qasim and he said, 'She transmitted the hadith properly.'"

CXV: Slaughtering at the place where the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed at Mina

1624. It is related from Nafi', "'Abdullah used to sacrifice in the place of sacrifice." 'Ubaydullah said, "The place where the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed."

1625. It is related from Nafi', "Ibn 'Umar sent his sacrificial animal from Muzdalifa at the end of the night so that it would brought with the pilgrims, both free men and slaves, to the place where the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed."

CXVI: Someone slaughtering the animal with his own hands

1626. It is related from Abu Qilaba from Anas - and he mentioned the hadith abridged and said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed seven camels with his own hand while standing. In Madina he sacrificed two black-and white horned rams."

CXVII: Slaughtering camels with their left leg tied up

1627. It is related that Ziyad ibn Jubayr said, "I saw Ibn 'Umar pass by a man who had made his camel kneel so he could slaughter it. He said, 'Get it to stand with its leg tied up - the Sunna of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'"

Shu'ba said that Yunus reported it from Ziyad.

CXVIII: Slaughtering camels while they are standing

Ibn 'Umar said, "The sunna of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." Ibn 'Abbas said, "'In a row' (22:36) is standing."

1628. It is related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed Dhuhr doing four rak'ats in Madina and 'Asr doing two rak'ats at Dhu'l-Hulayfa. He spent the night there and in the morning, he mounted his mount and began to say, 'There is no god but Allah' and 'Glory be to Allah'. When he went up to al-Bayda', he said the talbiya for both (hajj and 'umra.) When he entered Makka, he commanded them to come out of ihram and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed seven camels standing and sacrificed two black-and white horned rams in Madina."

It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed Dhuhr doing four rak'ats in Madina and 'Asr doing two rak'ats at Dhu'l-Hulayfa."

It is related from a man from Anas, "Then he stayed the night until morning and prayed Subh. Then he mounted his mount until he was completely settled on it at al-Bayda'. Then he went into ihram for 'umra and hajj."

CXIX: The butcher not being given any of the sacrifice

1629. It is related that 'Ali said,, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me to attend to the sacrificial camels and commanded me to distribute their meat and then he ordered me to distribute their covering cloths and skins."

'Ali said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded me to attend to the sacrificial camels and I did not pay anything for their slaughtering."

CXX: The skins of sacrificial camels are given away as sadaqa

1630. It is related that 'Ali said,, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me to attend to the sacrificial camels and commanded me to distribute every part of his camels - meat, skins and covering cloths - and not pay anything for their slaughtering."

CXXI: The covering cloths of the sacrificial camels are to be given as sadaqa

1631. It is related that 'Ali said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sacrificed a hundred camels and ordered me to distribute their meat. Then he ordered me to distribute their covering cloths and then to distribute their skins."

CXXII. Chapter

"And We located the position of the House for Ibrahim: 'Do not attribute any partners to Me and purify My House for those who circle it, and those who stand and bow and prostrate. Announce the Hajj to mankind. They will come to you on foot and on all sorts of lean animals, coming by every distant road so that they can be present at what will profit them and mention Allah's name on particular days over livestock He has provided for them. Eat of them and feed those who are poor and in need. Then they should end their state of self-neglect and fufill their vows and circle the Ancient House.' That is it. If someone honours Allah's sacred things, that is better for him in his Lord's sight." (22:26-30)

CXXIII: What part of the sacrificial animals may be eaten and what part given as sadaqa

From Ibn 'Umar, "Someone who sacrifices in reparation for hunting or for a vow should not eat from it although he may eat any other sacrifice." 'Ata' said, "It is permitted to eat and feed people from the sacrifice of tamattu'."

1632. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "We used not to eat from the meat of our sacrifices for more than the three days of Mina. Then the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave us a dispensation, saying, 'Eat and take provision.' So we ate and took provision.'" Ibn Jurayj said, "I asked 'Ata', 'Did he say, "until we reached Madina?"' He replied, 'No.'"

1633. It is related that 'Amra said, "I heard 'A'isha say, 'We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, during the last five days of Dhu'l-Qa'da intending only hajj. When we drew near Makka, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded those who had no sacrificial animals with them to come out of ihram after doing tawaf and sa'y between Safa and Marwa.' 'A'isha said, 'On the Day of Sacrifice, some beef was brought to us. I said, 'What is this?' He said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has slaughtered on behalf of his wives.'"

Yahya said, "I mentioned it to al-Qasim and he said, 'She transmitted the hadith properly.'"

CXXIV: Slaughtering before shaving the head

1634. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked about someone shaving his head before slaughtering and other similar things and said, 'There is no harm. There is no harm."

1635. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "A man said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'I visited [i.e. did tawaf] before I did the stoning.' He said, 'There is no harm.' He said, 'I shaved before I slaughtered.' He said, 'There is no harm.' He said, 'I slaughtered before I did the stoning.' He said, 'There is no harm.'

(Three different isnads from Ibn 'Abbas from the Prophet.)

It is related from Jabir from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

1636. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, 'I did the stoning in the evening.' He said, 'There is no harm.' He said, 'I shaved before I sacrificed.' He said, 'There is no harm.'"

1637. It is related that Abu Musa said, "I came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was at al-Batha' and he said, 'Are you doing hajj?' I said, 'Yes.' He said, 'With what intention did you go into ihram?' I said, 'At your service, my ihram is the same as the ihram of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' He said, 'You have done well. Go and do tawaf of the House and Safa and Marwa.' Then I went to one of the women of the Banu Qays and she deloused my head. Then later I went into ihram for hajj. I used to convey this judgement to people until the khalifate of 'Umar. I mentioned it to him and he said, 'If we take the Book of Allah, it commands us to complete [hajj and 'umra]. If we take the sunna of the Messenger of Allah, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not come out of ihram until his sacrifice reached its place.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 61)

CXXV: Someone gumming his hair or shaving his head for ihram

1638. It is related that Hafsa asked, "Messenger of Allah, what are the people doing coming out of ihram after 'umra when you have not come out of ihram?' He said, 'I have gummed my hair and garlanded my sacrificial camels so I will not come out of ihram until I have sacrificed.'"

CXXVI: Shaving the head and cutting the hair short on coming out of ihram

1639. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, shaved his head during his hajj."

1640. It is related from Ibn 'Umar, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'O Allah, have mercy on those who shave their heads.' They said, 'And those who cut their hair short, Messenger of Allah!' He said, 'O Allah, have mercy on those who shave their heads.' They said, 'And those who cut the hair short, Messenger of Allah!' He said, 'And those who cut their hair short.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 193)

Nafi' related, "He said 'O Allah, have mercy on those who shave their heads.' once or twice." Nafi' said, "He said, 'and those who cut their hair short,' on the fourth time."

1641. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'O Allah, forgive those who shave their heads.' They said, 'And those who cut their hair short!' He said, 'O Allah, forgive those who shave their heads.' They said, 'And those who cut their hair short!' He said it a third time and said, 'and those who cut the hair short.'"

1642. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and a group of his Companions shaved their heads while others of them cut their hair short."

1643. It is related that Mu'awiya said, "I cut the hair of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with a wide arrowhead."

CXXVII: Someone doing tamattu' cutting his hair short after 'umra

1644. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, arrived in Makka, he commanded his Companions to do tawaf of the House and Safa and Marwa and then to come out of ihram and to shave their heads or cut their hair short."

CXXVIII: Visiting (the Ka'ba for tawaf) on the Day of Sacrifice

It is related that 'A'isha and Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, delayed the visit until nighttime." It is related from Ibn 'Abbas, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to visit the House during the days of Mina."

1645. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that he did one tawaf. Then he had a midday nap and then returned to Mina, i.e. on the Day of Sacrifice. ('Abdu'r-Razzaq has it marfu'.)

1646. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We went on hajj with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and did Tawaf al-Ifada on the Day of Sacrifice. Safiyya started menstruating and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wanted from her what a man wants from his wife. I said, 'Messenger of Allah, she is menstruating.' He said, 'Will she delay us?' They said, 'Messenger of Allah, she did tawaf on the Day of Sacrifice.' He said, 'Depart.'"

It is related from 'A'isha, "Safiyya did Tawaf al-Ifada on the Day of Sacrifice."

CXXIX: Someone doing the stoning in the evening, or shaving his head before sacrificing, out of forgetfulness or ignorance

1647. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked about slaughtering, shaving, stoning, and doing things before or after their time and said, "There is no harm."

1648. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked a question on the Day of Sacrifice at Mina and said, 'There is no harm.' A man asked him, saying, 'I shaved before I slaughtered.' He said, 'Slaughter, and there is no harm done.' [Another] said, 'I did the stoning in the evening.' He said, 'There is no harm.'"

CXXX: Giving judgements at the Jamra while mounted

1649. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar, "In his Farewell Hajj, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stopped and people began to question him. A man said, 'Out of ignorance, I shaved before I slaughtered.' He said, 'Slaughter, and there is no harm done.' Another came and said, 'Out of ignorance, I sacrificed before I did the stoning.' He said, 'Stone, and there is no harm done.' Whatever the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked about, doing things before or after their time, he said, 'Do it and there is no harm done.'"

1650. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As that he saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, giving a speech on the Day of Sacrifice. A man stood up for him and said, "I reckoned that such-and-such thing was before such-and-such." Then another stood up and said, "I reckoned that such-and-such thing was before such-and-such, so I shaved before I sacrificed. I sacrificed before I did the stoning," etc. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do it, and there is no harm in any of these things." Whenever he was asked about anything on that day, he said, 'Do it and there is no harm done.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 251)

1651. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stopped on his she-camel..." and he mentioned the hadith.

Ma'mar corroborated it from az-Zuhri.

CXXXI: The Khutba during the days of Mina

1652. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Messenger of Allah. may Allah bless him and grant him peace, addressed the people on the Day of Sacrifice and said, "O people! What day is this?" They said, "A sacred day." He said, "And what place is this?" They said, "A sacred place." He said, "And what month is this?" They said, "A sacred month." He said, "Your blood, your property and your honour are sacred to you like the sacredness of this day in this place in this month." He repeated this several times and then he lifted his head and said, "O Allah, have I conveyed it? O Allah, have I conveyed it?" Ibn 'Abbas said, "By the One who has my soul in His hand, it was his legacy to his community: 'Let those who are present convey it to those who are absent. Do not revert to being unbelievers after I have gone, cutting each other's throats.'"

1653. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, giving a khutba at 'Arafa." Ibn 'Uyayna corroborated it from 'Amr.

1654. It is related that Abu Bakra said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, addressed us on the Day of Sacrifice and said, 'Do you know what day this is?' We said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He was silent so that we thought that he might call it something different. He said, 'Is this not the Day of Sacrifice?' We said, 'Indeed.' He said, "What month is this?" We said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He was silent so that we thought that he might call it something different. He said, 'Is this not Dhu'l-Hijja?' We said, 'Indeed.' He said, 'What place is this?' We said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He was silent so that we thought that he might call it something different. He said, 'Is this not the sacred place?' We said, 'Indeed.' He said, "Your blood and your property are sacred to you, like the sacredness of this day in this month in this place until the day you meet your Lord. Have I not conveyed it?' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'O Allah, testify! Let those who are present convey to those who are absent. Perhaps the one to whom it is conveyed will retain it better than those who are here. Do not revert to being unbelievers after I have gone, cutting each other's throats.'"

1655. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Do you know what day this is?' They replied, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He said, 'This is a sacred day. And do you know what place this is?' They replied, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' 'This is a sacred place. And do you know what month this is?' They said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He said, 'This is a sacred month.' He stated, 'Allah has made your blood, property and honour sacred like the sacredness of this day in this month in this place '"

It is related from Ibn 'Umar, "During the hajj to which this hadith refers, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, halted on the Day of Sacrifice between the Jamrats and said, 'This is the day of the Greatest Hajj.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, began to say, 'O Allah, witness!' He said farewell to the people and they said, 'This is the Farewell Hajj.'"

CXXXII: During the nights of Mina can those who provide water or others spend the night in Makka?

1656. It is related from Ibn 'Umar, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, granted a dispensation."

1657. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave permission.

1658. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that al-'Abbas asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for permission to spend the nights of Mina in Makka because he was providing water and he gave him permission.

It was corroborated by Abu Usama, 'Uqba ibn Khalid and Abu Damra.

CXXXIII: Stoning the jamras

Jabir said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did the stoning on the Day of Sacrifice before noon, and after that he did the stoning after midday.

1659. It is related that Wabra said, "I asked Ibn 'Umar, 'When should I stone the jamra?' He replied, 'When your Imam stones it, then stone it.' I asked him the question again and he said, 'We used to wait until the sun declined and then we did the stoning.'"

CXXXIV: Stoning the jamras from the flat of the valley

1660. It is related that 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Yazid said, "'Abdullah did the stoning from the flat of the valley. I said, 'O Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman, some people stone from the top of it.' He said, 'By the One, there is no god but Him, this is the place from which the one to whom Surat al-Baqara was revealed, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did the stoning.'"

'Abdullah ibn al-Walid said, "Sufyan related this from al-A'mash."

CXXXV: Stoning the jamras with seven pebbles

Ibn 'Umar mentioned it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

1661. It is related from 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Yazid, "'Abdullah went to the Great Jamra with the House on his left and Mina on his right and threw seven pebbles. He said, 'That is how the stoning was done by the one to whom Surat al-Baqara, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was revealed.'"

CXXXVI: Someone stoning the Jamra al-'Aqaba should keep the House on his left

1662. It is related from 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Yazid that he did hajj with Ibn Mas'ud and saw him stoning the Great Jamra with seven pebbles, and he had the House on his left and Mina on his right. Then he said, "This is the place where the one to whom the Surat al-Baqara was revealed stood."

CXXXVII: Saying "Allah is greater" with every pebble

Ibn 'Umar reported it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

1663. It is related that al-A'mash said, "I heard al-Hajjaj say on the minbar, 'The sura in which al-Baqara is mentioned, the sura in which Al 'Imran is mentioned and the sura in which the women are mentioned.'" He said, "I mentioned this to Ibrahim and he said, ''Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Yazid related to me that he was with Ibn Mas'ud when he stoned the Jamra al-'Aqaba. He went into the middle of the valley until he was opposite the tree and he threw seven pebbles, saying "Allah is greater" with each pebble. Then he said, 'By the One, there is no god but Him, this is the place where the one to whom Surat al-Baqara was revealed, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood.'"

CXXXVIII: Someone stoning the Jamra al-'Aqaba and not standing for a while afterwards

Ibn 'Umar reported it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

CXXXIX: Standing facing qibla on level ground after stoning the two jamras

1664. It is related from Salim that Ibn 'Umar used to stone the closest jamra with seven pebbles and say the takbir after every pebble. Then he went forward until he was on flat ground and stood facing the qibla. He would stand for a long time and make supplication, raising his hands. Then he stoned the middle one. Then he went to the left to where it was flat and stood facing the qibla for a long time and made supplication and raised his hands standing there for a long time. Then he stoned the Jamra al-'Aqaba from the flat of the valley and did not stand there but left saying, 'That is how I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do it.'"

CXL: Raising the hands at the nearest and middle jamras

1665. It is related from Salim ibn 'Abdullah that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to stone the nearest jamra with seven pebbles and say the takbir after every pebble. Then he went forward until he was on flat ground and stood facing the qibla for a long time. He made supplication, raising his hands. Then he stoned the middle jamra in the same way. Then he went to the left to the flat and stood facing the qibla for a long time. He made supplication, raising his hands. Then he stoned the Jamra al-'Aqaba from the flat of the valley and did not stand there but left, saying, 'That is how I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do it.'"

CXLI: Supplication at the two jamras

1666. It is related that az-Zuhri said that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stoned the jamra which was near the mosque of Mina, he stoned it with seven pebbles. Each time he threw a pebble, he said the takbir. Then he went forward and stood facing qibla, with his hands raised, making supplication. He stood there for a long time. Then he went to the second jamra and stoned it with seven pebbles, saying the takbir each time he threw a stone. Then he went down to the left near the edge of the valley and stood facing the qibla raising his hands and making supplication. The he went to the jamra which is at al-'Aqaba and stoned it with seven stones, saying the takbir with each pebble. Then he left without standing near it." Az-Zuhri said, "I heard Salim ibn 'Abdullah relate the same as this from his father from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." Ibn 'Umar used to do it.

CXLII: Putting on perfume after stoning the jamras and shaving the head before doing the Tawaf al-Ifada

1667. It is related that 'A'isha, said, "I used to scent the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with these two hands for ihram, when he put it on, and when he took it off before he did tawaf of the House." She spread out her hands.

CXLIII: Tawaf al-Wada'

1668. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The people were told that the last of their business with the House (should be tawaf) although it was excused in the case of menstruating women."

1669. It is related from Anas ibn Malik: "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed Dhuhr, 'Asr, Maghrib and 'Isha' and then slept at al-Muhassab. Then he rode to the House and did tawaf of it."

Al-Layth corroborated it. It is related from Qatada from Anas ibn Malik from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

CXLIV: When a woman starts to menstruate after Tawaf al-Ifada

1670. It is related from 'A'isha: "Safiyya bint Huyayy, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, started menstruating and that was mentioned to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He asked, 'Will she delay us?' They said, 'She has done tawaf.' He said, 'Then she will not.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 234)

1671. It is related from 'Ikrima that the people of Madina asked Ibn 'Abbas about a woman who did tawaf and then started menstruating. He said to them, "She can leave [before doing the Farewell Tawaf]." They said, "We will not take what you say and abandon what Zayd said." He said, "When you arrive in Madina, ask about it." When they arrived in Madina, they asked. One of those they asked was Umm Sulaym and she mentioned the hadith of Safiyya.

Khalid and Qatada transmitted it from 'Ikrima.

1672. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "A menstruating woman is permitted to leave [before doing the Farewell Tawaf] provided she has done Tawaf al-Ifada."

Tawus said from his father, "I heard Ibn 'Umar say, 'She should not leave,' and later I heard him say, ' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, allowed women to do that.'"

1673. It is related that 'A'isha said, "We went out with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, intending only hajj. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Makka and did tawaf of the House and went between Safa and Marwa and did not come out of ihram. Those of his wives and Companions who had a sacrifice with them did tawaf. Those of them who did not have sacrificial animals came out of ihram." She had started menstruating. [She said,] "We performed all of the practices of the hajj." On the night of Hasba [i.e. al-Muhassab], the night of depature, she said, "Messenger of Allah, all your Companions are returning with 'umra and hajj except me." "He said, 'Did you not do tawaf the night we reached Makka?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'Go with your brother to at-Tan'im and go into ihram for 'umra. We will meet you at such-and-such a place.' I went out with 'Abdu'r-Rahman to at-Tan'im and went into ihram for 'umra. Safiyya bint Huyayy started menstruating and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'What a nuisance! You will hold us back. Did you not do tawaf on the Day of Sacrifice?'" She said, 'Yes.' He said, 'There is no harm, then. We can leave.' I met him while he was coming up to Makka and I was descending to it - or I was coming up and he was descending.'" (Muwatta, Book 20, 235)

Jarir corroborated it from Mansur in his word, "No."

CXLV: Someone praying 'Asr at al-Abtah on the Day of Sacrifice

1674. It is related that 'Abdu'l-'Aziz ibn Rufay' said, "I asked Anas ibn Malik, 'Tell me something you remember from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Where did he pray Dhuhr on the Day of Tarwiya?' He replied, 'At Mina.' I asked, 'Where did he pray 'Asr on the Day of Nafr [13th Dhu'l-Hijja]?' He said, 'At al-Abtah.' Then he stated, 'Do as your amirs do.'"

1675. It is related from Anas ibn Malik, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed Dhuhr, 'Asr, Maghrib and 'Isha' and then slept at al-Muhassab. Then he rode to the House and did tawaf of it."

CXLVI: Al-Muhassab

1676. It is related that 'A'isha said, "It, i.e. al-Abtah, was the place where the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pitched camp so that it would be easier for him to leave."

1677. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "Al-Muhassab is nothing in particular. It is just the place where the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pitched camp."

CXLVII: Camping at Dhu't-Tuwa before entering Makka and at al-Batha', which is at Dhu'l-Hulayfa, when returning from Makka

1678. It is related from Nafi' that Ibn 'Umar used to spend the night at Dhu't-Tuwa between the two routes. Then he would enter by the route which is at the higher part of Makka. When he came to Makka on hajj or 'umra, he did not halt his camel until reaching the door of the mosque. Then he would enter and go to the Black Corner and begin there. Then he did tawaf seven times, three running and four walking. Then he finished and prayed two rak'ats. Then before he returned to his camp, he did tawaf between Safa and Marwa. When he came from the hajj or 'umra , he halted his camel at al-Batha' which is at Dhu'l-Hulayfa where the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, halted his camel."

1679. It is related that Khalid ibn al-Harith said, "'Ubaydullah was asked about al-Muhassab. 'Ubadyullah related that Nafi' said, 'The Messenger of Allah, 'Umar and Ibn 'Umar camped there.' It is related from Nafi' that Ibn 'Umar used to pray Dhuhr and 'Asr there, i.e. al-Muhassab.' I reckon that he said Maghrib." Khalid said, "I do not doubt about 'Isha'. He used to sleep there and mentioned that from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

CXLVIII: Someone camping at Dhu't-Tuwa on his return from Makka

1680. It is related from Nafi' from Ibn 'Umar that when he arrived, he stayed the night at Dhu Tuwa until morning and then he entered. When he left, he passed by Dhu Tuwa and stayed the night there until morning. He used to mention that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did that.

CXLIX: Trading during the days of the Festival and selling in the markets of the Jahiliyya

1681. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas, "Dhu'l-Majaz and 'Ukaz were the markets of the people in the time of Jahiliyya. When Islam came, people did not really like to trade in them until it was revealed, 'There is nothing wrong in seeking bounty from your Lord' (2:198) in the Hajj festival.

CL: Leaving al-Muhassab at the end of the night

1682. It is related that 'A'isha said, "Safiyya started menstruating on the night of departure and she said, 'I think I will hold you back.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'What a nuisance! Did she do tawaf on the day of sacrifice?'" It was said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Then we can leave.'"

It is related that 'A'isha said, "We went out with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioning only hajj. When we arrived, he commanded us to come out of ihram. When the night of depature came, Safiyya bint Huyayy started menstruating. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'What a nuisance! I think that she will detain you.' Then he said, 'Did you do tawaf on the day of sacrifice?' She replied, 'Yes.' He said, 'Then we can leave.' I said, 'Messenger of Allah, I have not gone into ihram.' He said, 'Do 'umra from at-Tan'im.'" Her brother went with her. "We met him at the end of the night. He said, 'You will be met in such-and-such a place.'"