Sadaqat Al-Fitr

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 30. Sadaqat Al-Fitr

I: The obligation of Sadaqat (Zakat) al-Fitr

Abu'l-'Aliya, 'Ata' and Ibn Sirin thought that Sadaqat al-Fitr was obligatory.

1432. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made zakat al-Fitr obligatory for the Muslims - slave and free, male and female, young and old, being a sa' of dates or a sa' of barley. He commanded that it be paid before people went out to the prayer." (Muwatta, Book 17, 52)

II: Sadaqat al-Fitr is obligatory for the slave and other Muslims

1433. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made zakat al-Fitr obligatory for the Muslims - slave and free, male and female, young and old, being a sa' of dates or a sa' of barley. He commanded that it be paid before people went out to the prayer."

III: A sa' of barley

1434. It is related that Abu Sa'id said, "The food we gave as sadaqa was a sa' of barley."

IV: The Sadaqat al-Fitr is a sa' of food

1435. It is related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "We used to pay out the zakat al-Fitr with a sa' of food [grain], a sa' of barley, a sa' of dates, a sa' of cottage cheese or a sa' of raisins." (Muwatta, Book 17, 54)

V: Sadaqat al-Fitr is a sa' of dates

1436. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded the zakat al-Fitr to be a sa' of dates or a sa' of barley." 'Abdullah said, "People equate it with two mudds of wheat."

VI: A sa' of raisins

1437. It is related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "In the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, we used to pay out the zakat al-Fitr with a sa' of food [grain], a sa' of dates, a sa' of barley, or a sa' of raisins. During the time of Mu'awiya when there was Syrian wheat, he said, 'I think that one mudd of this is equal to two mudds.'"

VII: Sadaqat before the 'Id

1438. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded zakat al-Fitr to be paid before people went out to the prayer."

1439. It is related that Abu Sa'id said, "In the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, we used to bring out a sa' of food on the day of Fitr." Abu Sa'id said, "Our food used to be barley, raisins, cottage cheese and dates."

VIII: Sadaqat al-Fitr is obligatory for the free and the slave

Az-Zuhri said about slaves who are for sale that there is zakat on the trade and zakat al-Fitr.

1440. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made zakat al-Fitr (or he said Ramadan) obligatory for the Muslims - male and female, slave and free, being a sa' of dates or a sa' of barley. The people made it equal to half a sa' of wheat.  (Muwatta, Book 17, 55)

Ibn 'Umar used to give dates. The people of Madina had a shortage of dates and gave barley. Ibn 'Umar used to pay for the young and old. He even used to pay for my children. Ibn 'Umar used to give to those who collected it and they gave it a day or two before the Fitr."

IX: Sadaqat al-Fitr owed by the young and old

1441. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made zakat al-Fitr obligatory for the Muslims - young and old, slave and free, being a sa' of barley or a sa' of dates."