Book of Jumu'a

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 17. Book of Jumu'a

I: The obligatory nature of the Jumu'a prayer

This is based on the words of Allah Almighty, "When the prayer is called on the Day of Jumu'a, hasten to the remembrance of Allah and leave commerce. That is better for you if you only knew." (62:9)

836. It is related that Abu Hurayra heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "We are the last but will be the first on the Day of Rising, in spite of the fact that others were given the Book before us. This was the day which was made obligatory for them but they disagreed about it. Allah has guided us to it and the other people follow us. The Jews have tomorrow and the Christians the day after."

II: The excellence of doing ghusl on the day of Jumu'a and whether children or women should attend

837. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who comes to Jumu'a should perform ghusl." (Muwatta Book 5, 5)

838. It is related from Ibn 'Umar, "Once while 'Umar ibn al-Khattab was standing giving the khutba on the day of Jumu'a, one of the first of the Muhajir Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came in. 'Umar called out to him, 'What kind of time is this?' He said, 'I was busy and so could not return to my family until I heard the adhan. I stayed only long enough to do wudu'.' He said, 'Only wudu' as well! Yet you know that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, instructed us to perform ghusl!'" (Muwatta Book 5, 3)

839. It is related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Performing ghusl on the day of Jumu'a is obligatory for every male who has reached puberty."

III: Wearing perfume for the Jumu'a prayer

840. It is related that Abu Sa'id said, "I testify that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Ghusl on the day of Jumu'a is obligatory for every male who has reached puberty and also cleaning the teeth and putting on perfume if it is available." 'Amr said, "I testify that ghusl is obligatory but Allah knows best whether teeth-cleaning and perfume are obligatory or not. However, that is how it is in the hadith.

This is related from Bukayr ibn al-Ashajj and Sa'id ibn Abi Hilal and a number of others.

IV: The excellence of the Jumu'a prayer

841. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If someone has a ghusl on the day of Jumu'a, the same as for janaba, and then goes [to the prayer] in the first part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a camel. If he goes in the second part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a cow. If he goes in the third part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a horned ram. If he goes in the fourth part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed a hen. If he goes in the fifth part of the time, it is as if he has sacrificed an egg. When the Imam comes out, the angels settle down to listen to the reminder." (Muwatta Book 5, 1)

842. It is related from Abu Hurayra, "Once while 'Umar was giving the khutba on the day of Jumu'a, a man came in. 'Umar said, 'What kept you from the prayer?' The man said, 'It was only that I heard the adhan and then did wudu'.' He said, 'Did you not hear the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Anyone who goes to Jumu'a should perform a  ghusl?" ' "

V: Using hair oil for the Jumu'a prayer

843. It is related from Salman al-Farisi that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When a man has a ghusl on the day of Jumu'a, making himself as pure as possible, uses his hair oil or puts on any perfume he has in his house, then goes out and does not split up two people, and then prays what is prescribed for him and is silent while the Imam speaks, he is forgiven everything between then and the previous Jumu'a."

844. It is related from Tawus, "I said to Ibn 'Abbas, 'They mention that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Perform ghusl on the Day of Jumu'a and wash your heads even if you are not in janaba and use perfume.' Ibn 'Abbas said, 'As for the ghusl, yes, but I do not know about the perfume.' "

845. It is related from Tawus, "Ibn 'Abbas mentioned what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said about ghusl on the Day of Jumu'a and I said to him, 'Did he use perfume or oil if there was any in his household?' He said, 'I do not know.' "

VI: Wearing the best clothes available

846. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab saw a silk robe by the door of the mosque and said, "Messenger of Allah, if you were to buy this you could wear it on the day of Jumu'a and to receive delegations when they come to you." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "This will only be worn by someone who has no share of the Next World." Afterwards cloaks of a similar kind were brought to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,and he gave one of them to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab. 'Umar said, "Messenger of Allah! You give it to me when you said what you said about the cloak of 'Atarid!" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I did not give it to you to wear." 'Umar gave it to a brother of his who was an idolater in Makka."

VII: Siwak (tooth-stick) on the day of Jumu'a

Abu Sa'id said that the Prophet cleaned his teeth.

847. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If it was not for the fact that I might be overburdening my community, or the people. I would have ordered them to use the siwak for every prayer." (Muwatta Book 1, 116)

848. It is related from Anas that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "How many times have I told you about the siwak."

849. It is related that Hudhayfa said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up in the night, he would rinse out his mouth."

VIII: Someone using another's siwak

850. It is related that 'A'isha said, "'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr came in with a siwak with which he was cleaning his teeth. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked at him and so I said to him, 'Give me that siwak, 'Abdu'r-Rahman.' He gave it to me and I broke it in half, chewed it and gave it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he cleaned his teeth with it while leaning against my breast."

IX: What should be recited in the Fajr prayer on the Day of Jumu'a

851. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "In the Fajr prayer on Jumu'a the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to recite 'Alif Lam Mim, Tanzilu...' (32) and 'Hal ata ala'l-insani...' (76)"

X: The Jumu'a prayer in villages and cities

852. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The first Jumu'a prayer to be held after the Jumu'a prayer in the mosque of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was that held in the mosque of 'Abdu'l-Qays at Juwathi in Bahrayn."

853. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "All of you are shepherds."

Al-Layth added that Yunus said, "Ruzayq ibn Hukaym wrote to Ibn Shihab - and I was with him that day at Wadi'l-Qura - saying, 'Do you think I should hold a Jumu'a prayer?' Ruzayq was working on a piece of land together with a group of black people and others, being the governor of Ayla at that time. Ibn Shihab wrote, and I was listening, commanding him to hold the Jumu'a prayer and telling him that Salim had related to him that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to say, "I heard the Messenger of Allah say, 'All of you are shepherds and each of you is responsible for his flock. An Imam is a shepherd and he is responsible for those in his care. A man is a shepherd in his family and is responsible for those in his care. The woman is a shepherd in her husband's house and is responsible for those in her care. The servant is a shepherd of his master's property and is responsible for what is in his care.' " He said, "I think that he also said, 'A man is a shepherd of his father's property and is responsible for what is in his care. All of you are shepherds and each of you is responsible for his flock.' "

[Wadi'l-Qura: one of the cities of the Hijaz. Ayla is now a ruin.]

XI: Is it necessary for women, children and others who attend the Jumu'a prayer to have a ghusl?

Ibn 'Umar said, "Ghusl is obligatory for all those for whom the Jumu'a prayer is obligatory."

854. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Anyone who comes to the Jumu'a should perform ghusl.'"

855. It is related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Ghusl on the day of Jumu'a is obligatory for every male who has reached puberty."

856. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "We are the last but will be the first on the Day of Rising, in spite of the fact that others were given the Book before us. This was the day which was made obligatory for them but they disagreed about it. Allah has guided us to it and the other people follow us. The Jews have tomorrow and the Christians the day after." "He was silent and then said, "It is a duty for every Muslim to do ghusl once every seven days in the course of which he should wash his head and his body."

It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Every Muslim has a duty to Allah to perform a ghusl once every seven days."

857. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Permit women to go to the mosque at night."

858. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "A wife of 'Umar ibn al-Khattab used to attend the group prayers of Subh and 'Isha' in the mosque. She was asked, 'Why do you come out when you know that 'Umar dislikes it and is jealous?' She said, 'What stops him from forbidding me then?' The man said, 'The words of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Do not forbid the female slaves of Allah from attending the mosques of Allah." (Muwatta Book 14, 12)

XII: The dispensation not to attend the Jumu'a prayer if it is raining

859. It is related from Muhammad ibn Sirin, "Ibn 'Abbas said to his mu'adhdhin on a rainy day, 'After you say, "I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah," do not say, "Come to prayer." Say, "Pray in your homes." ' It seemed that the people disapproved of that. He said, 'One better than I did this. The Jumu'a prayer is clearly a duty but I most certainly do not want to force you to come out and walk through the mud and slush.'"

XIII: From how far should you come to the Jumu'a prayer and for whom it is obligatory?

This is based on the words of Allah, Mighty and Exalted, "When the prayer is called on the Day of Jumu'a." (62:9)

'Ata' said, "If you are in a sizeable town and the prayer is called on the day of Jumu'a, then you must attend it whether or not you hear the call.

Anas used sometimes to hold the Jumu'a prayer in his fortress and sometimes not, when he was at az-Zawiya about two parasangs away [Basra].

[About six miles]

860. It is related that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The people used to come from their homes and from al-'Awali on the day of Jumu'a. They would come through the dust and become covered in dust and sweat. Sweat would pour from them. One of them came to visit the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he was with me. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If only you would clean yourselves for this day of yours.'"

[al-'Awali: places close to Madina]

XIV: The time of the Jumu'a prayer is when the sun starts to decline.

This is what is related from 'Umar, 'Ali, an-Nu'man ibn Bashir and 'Amr ibn Hurayth.

861. It is related that Yahya ibn Sa'id asked 'Amr about ghusl on the day of Jumu'a. She said that 'A'isha said, "People used to work. When they went to Jumu'a in that condition, they were told, 'If only you had done ghusl.'"

862. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet used to pray Jumu'a the moment that the sun started to decline.

863. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "We used to do the Jumu'a prayer early and have a nap after it."

XV: When the heat is intense on the day of Jumu'a

864. It is related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say, "When it was very cold, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to go early to the prayer. When it was very hot, he would delay the prayer until it was cooler, meaning the Jumu'a prayer."

It is related from Abu Khalda that he said "prayer" and did not specify "Jumu'a".

It is related that Abu Khalda said, "The amir * led us in the Jumu'a prayer." Then he asked Anas, "How did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray Dhuhr?"

[*It was al-Hakam ibn Abi 'Aqil ath-Thaqafi.]

XVI: Walking to the Jumu'a

And the words of Allah Almighty, "Hasten to the remembrance of Allah" (62:9) and someone who says that "Hastening" means "to act and go" as it means in the words of Allah Almighty, "strives after it as he should strive." (17:19)

Ibn 'Abbas said, "Trading is forbidden at that time." 'Ata' said, "All kinds of work are forbidden." Az-Zuhri said, "When the mu'adhdhin gives the adhan on the day of Jumu'a, even someone on a journey should attend."

865. It is related from 'Abaya ibn Rifa'a said, "Abu 'Abs caught up with me when I was on my way to the Jumu'a and said, 'I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Allah will forbid from the Fire anyone whose feet become dusty in the way of Allah " ' "

866. It is related from Abu Hurayra, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'When the prayer is held, do not come to it running. Come to it walking. You must be tranquil. Pray what you catch and complete what you miss.'"

867. It is related from Abu Qatada that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not stand up until you see me and you must be tranquil."

XVII: Do not separate two people on the day of Jumu'a

868. It is related from Salman al-Farisi that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When a man has a ghusl on the day of Jumu'a, making himself as pure as possible, uses his hair oil or puts on any perfume he has in his house, then goes out and does not split up two people, and then prays what is prescribed for him and is silent while the Imam speaks, he is forgiven everything between then and the previous Jumu'a."

XVIII: A man should not make his brother get up on the day of Jumu'a and then sit down in his place

869. It is related that Ibn Jurayj said, "I heard Nafi' say, 'I heard Ibn 'Umar say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade a man to make his brother get up from his place and then to sit down in it." ' I asked Nafi', 'Jumu'a?' He said, "Both Jumu'a and other prayers.' "

XIX: The Adhan on the day of Jumu'a

870. It is related that as-Sa'ib ibn Yazid said, "During the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr and 'Umar, the first call on the day of Jumu'a was made when the Imam sat on the minbar. In the time of 'Uthman when the number of people had increased, a third call was added at az-Zawra'."

Abu 'Abdallah said, "'Az-Zawra' is a place in the market of Madina."

XX: One mu'adhdhin on the day of Jumu'a

871. It is related from as-Sa'ib ibn Yazid: "The one who added the third adhan on the day of Jumu'a was 'Uthman ibn 'Affan when the number of people in Madina increased. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, only had one mu'adhdhin and the adhan on the day of Jumu'a was called when the Imam sat down," meaning on the minbar.

XXI: The Imam responds to the adhan on the minbar when he hears the call to prayer

872. It is related that Abu Umama ibn Sahl ibn Hunayf said, "I heard Mu'awiya ibn Abi Sufyan, when he was sitting on the minbar. The mu'adhdhin gave the adhan, saying, 'Allah is greater. Allah is greater,' Mu'awiya said, 'Allah is greater. Allah is greater.' He said, 'I testify that there is no god but Allah,' and Mu'awiya said, 'And I.' He said, 'I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah,' and Mu'awiya said, 'And I.' When the adhan was finished, he said, 'O people! I was listening to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as the mu'adhdhin gave the adhan when he was sitting in this very place, and he said what you heard me say.' "

XXII: Sitting on the minbar when the adhan is given

873. It is related from as-Sa'ib ibn Yazid that 'Uthman ordered there to be a second adhan on the Day of Jumu'a when the number of people in the mosque increased. The adhan on the day of Jumu'a had previously been called when the Imam sat down."

XXIII: The adhan before the khutba

874. It is related that as-Sa'ib ibn Yazid was heard to say, "In the beginning, during the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr and 'Umar, the adhan on the day of Jumu'a was called when the Imam sat on the minbar. But when, during the the khalifate of 'Uthman, the number of people increased, 'Uthman ordered there to be a third adhan on the Day of Jumu'a which was given in az-Zawra' and that remained the practice."

XXIV: The khutba being given on the minbar

Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave the khutba on the minbar."

875. It is related from Abu Hazim ibn Dinar that some men came to Sahl ibn Sa'd as-Sa'idi and disagreed about the wood the minbar was made of. They asked him about it and he said, "By Allah, I know what it was made of. Indeed I saw it on the day it was made and the day when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, first sat on it. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent to a certain woman (whom Sahl named) saying, 'Instruct your slave, the carpenter, to make me something out of wood on which I can sit when I speak to the people.' She gave him this instruction and he made it from desert tamarisk. He brought it to her and she sent it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who commanded that it be placed here. Then I saw the Messenger of Allah praying on it, saying the takbir while standing on it and doing ruku' while on it. Then he stepped down and went into sajda at the foot of the minbar and then climbed back on it again. When he finished, he faced the people and said, 'O people! I did this so that you could follow me and learn how I pray.' "

876. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah was heard to say, "There was a palm trunk which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to lean against. When the minbar was made for him, we heard the trunk making a sound like a pregnant she-camel until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came down and placed his hand on it."

It is related that Anas heard it from Jabir.

877. It is related from Salim that his father said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, speak on the minbar and say, 'Anyone who comes to the Jumu'a should perform a ghusl."

XXV: The khutba while standing

Anas said, "While the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was giving the khutba standing..."

878. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to give the khutba standing and then he would sit and then stand up again just as you do now."

XXVI: The Imam facing the people and the people facing the Imam when he gives the khutba

Ibn 'Umar and Anas faced the Imam.

879. It is related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sat one day on the minbar and we sat around him."

XXVII: Saying, amma ba'd ("following on from that") in the khutba after giving praise

Ibn 'Abbas related this from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

880. It is related that Asma' bint Abi Bakr said, "I visited 'A'isha when the people were praying and said, 'What is happening with the people?' She pointed towards the heaven and I said, 'A sign?' She nodded with her head, meaning yes." She said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, continued for a very long time until I fainted. There was a waterskin beside me and I opened it and began to pour some of it on my head. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished and the sun appeared. He addressed the people and praised Allah as is His due. Then he said, 'Following on from that (amma ba'd).'" She said, "Some of the women of the Ansar were talking noisily and I turned to them in order to make them be quiet. I asked 'A'isha, 'What did he say?' She said, 'Anything which I did not see before I saw just now while standing here, including the Garden and the Fire. It was revealed to me that you will be tested in the graves with a like trial - or nearly like to that of the False Messiah. (The angels) will come to everyone of you and he will be asked, "What do you know of this man?" The believer or the one who is certain Hisham was unsure) will say, "He is the Messenger of Allah. He is Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who has brought us the clear signs and the guidance and so we believed and answered and followed and confirmed." He will be told, "Sleep, virtuous one. We know that you believed in him." The hypocrite - or he said the doubter (Hisham was unsure) will be asked, "What do you know of this man?" He will say, "I do not know. I heard the people saying something and and I said it." ' "

Hisham said, "Fatima said to me, 'I remembered it by heart,' except that she mentioned the manner in which he would be harshly dealt with in."

881. It is related from 'Amr ibn Taghlib, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought some money or captives and shared them out. He gave to some men and left others out. He heard that those who had been left out had been critical about it. He praised Allah and glorified Him and then said, 'Following on from that (amma ba'd), by Allah, I give to one man and leave out another and yet I love the one whom I leave out more than the one I give to. But I give to some people because of the anxiety and unease I see in their hearts. I entrust some people to the wealth and good which Allah has placed in their hearts. One of those is 'Amr ibn Taghlib.' By Allah, what the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said is dearer to me than red camels."

Yunus corroborated it.

882. It is related from 'A'isha, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out one night in the middle of the night and prayed in the mosque and some men followed his prayer. In the morning the people spoke about it and more of them gathered and prayed with him. In the morning the people spoke and there were more people in the mosque on the third night. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out and they followed his prayer. On the fourth night the mosque was unable to accommodate the people so that he only came out for the Subh prayer. When he had finished Fajr, he faced the people and said the shahada. Then he said, 'Following on from that  (amma ba'd), your position was not hidden from me, but I feared that it would be made compulsory for you and you would be unable to do it.'"

Yunus corroborated it.

883. It is related that Abu Humayd as-Sa'idi said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up one evening after the prayer. He said the shahada and praised Allah as is His due and then he said, 'Following on from that (amma ba'd).'"

Hisham corroborated it from his father from Abu Humayd that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Following on from that (amma ba'd)."

"Following on from that (amma ba'd)" is corroborated from Sufyan.

884. It is related that al-Miswar ibn Makhrama said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up and I heard him say, "Following on from that (amma ba'd)" after he said the shahada."

Az-Zuhri corroborated it.

885. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, climbed the minbar for the last gathering in which he participated. He had a large wrapper around his shoulders and his head was bound with an oily band. He praised Allah and glorified Him and then said, 'O people, come here to me!' so they gathered round him. Then he said, 'Following on from that (amma ba'd), the area inhabited by the Ansar will diminish and the number of other people will increase. Whoever comes to rule over any of the community of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and is therefore able to bring harm and benefit to people should accept the good among them and pardon any of them who act badly.'"

XXVIII: Sitting down between the two khutbas on the Day of Jumu'a

886. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to give two khutbas between which he would sit down."

XXIX: Listening to the khutba

887. It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "On the Day of Jumu'a, the angels stand at the door of the mosque and write down the first to come and then those who follow. Those who come early are like someone who sacrifices a camel, the next like someone who sacrifices a cow and then a ram and then a chicken and then an egg. When the Imam comes out, they roll up their scrolls and listen to the reminder."

XXX: When the Imam sees a man coming while he is giving the khutba, he orders him to pray two rak'ats

888. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "A man came when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was addressing the people on the day of Jumu'a and he said, 'So-and-so, have you prayed?' He said, 'No.' He said, 'Get up and pray.'"

XXXI: The one who comes when the Imam is speaking should pray two quick rak'ats

889. It is related that Jabir said, "A man came in on the Day of Jumu'a.while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was giving the khutba and he said, 'Have you prayed?' He said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Stand and pray two rak'ats.'"

XXXII: Raising the hands during the khutba

890. It is related that Anas said, "Once while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was giving a khutba on the Day of Jumu'a a man stood up and said, 'Messenger of Allah, the horses are dying and the sheep are dying. Ask Allah to give us rain.' He stretched out his arms and made supplication."

XXXIII: Praying for rain in the khutba on the day of Jumu'a

891. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "There was a drought in the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,was giving the khutba on the day of Jumu'a, a Bedouin stood up and said, 'Messenger of Allah, our property is being destroyed and the children are hungry, so pray to Allah for us.' He raised his hands and we could not see a cloud in the sky. By the One who has my soul in His hand, as soon as he lowered them, clouds like mountains swirled up. Then as soon as he came down from his minbar, I saw the rain falling on his beard, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. It rained on us that day and the next and the next and that which followed until the next Jumu'a when that Bedouin, or another one, stood up and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, our houses have fallen down and our property is flooded, so pray to Allah for us.' He raised his hands and said, 'O Allah, around us but not on us.' In whatever direction he pointed with his hand, the clouds dispersed and Madina became like a gap (in the clouds). The river-bed of Qanat flowed with water for a month and all who came from elsewhere spoke about the abundant rain."

[Qanat is one of the wadis of Madina]

XXXIV: Remaining silent and paying attention on the day of Jumu'a when the Imam is speaking

Even a person saying to his companion, "Be quiet!" constitutes foolish chatter. Salman reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Be silent and pay attention when the Imam is speaking."

892. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Even saying, 'Be quiet!' to your companion while the Imam is giving the khutba on the Day of Jumu'a constitutes foolish chatter."

XXXV: The special time on the Day of Jumu'a

893. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, mentioned the day of Jumu'a and said, "There is a time during it when Allah Almighty gives to a Muslim standing in prayer whatever he asks for." He indicated how small it was with his hand. (Muwatta, Book 5, 16)

XXXVI: If some people abandon the Imam during the Jumu'a prayer, the prayer of the Imam and those who remain is valid

894. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "Once while we were praying with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, a caravan carrying food came and people went off towards it until there were only twelve men left with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and this ayat was sent down: 'But when they see some merchandise or diversion, they scatter off to it and leave you standing.' (62:11)"

XXXVII: Praying before and after Jumu'a

895. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray two rak'ats before Dhuhr and two after it and two rak'ats after Maghrib in his house and two rak'ats after 'Isha'. He did not pray after the Jumu'a prayer until he had left and then he would pray two rak'ats. (Muwatta, Book 9, 72)

XXXVIII: The words of Allah Almighty, "When the prayer is finished, spread through the land and seek the bounty of Allah." (62:10)

896. It is related that Sahl said, "There was a woman among us who planted garden-beet (silq) on the irrigation channels in a field she owned. On the day of Jumu'a she would pull up the beet by the roots and put them in a pot. Then she would put in a handful of barley and cook it. The beet roots were like meat. After finishing the Jumu'a prayer we would greet her and then she would bring us that food and we would eat it with our fingers. We used to look forward to the day of Jumu'a because of that food of hers."

897. This is related from Sahl and he said, "We did not have a afternoon nap or lunch except after Jumu'a."

XXXIX: The afternoon nap after the Jumu'a prayer

898. It is related that Anas was heard to say, "We used to go early to the Jumu'a prayer and then have an afternoon nap."

899. It is related that Sahl said, "We used to pray Jumu'a with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and then have an afternoon nap."