The Book of Wudu'

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 4. The Book of Wudu'

I: What is reported about wudu'

And the words of Allah the Almighty, "When you stand for the prayer, wash your faces and hands to the elbows and wipe your heads and wash your feet to the ankles." (5:6)

Abu 'Abdullah (i.e. al-Bukhari) said, "The Prophet made it clear that the obligation of wudu' is to wash each part once. He also did wudu' by washing two and three times, but not more than three." The people of knowledge dislike extravagance in it and for people to exceed what the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did.

II: The prayer is not accepted without a state of purity

135. Abu Hurayra was heard to say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A prayer of someone in hadath is not accepted until he renewes wudu'." A man from Hadramaut asked, "What is hadath, Abu Hurayra?" He said, "Breaking wind silently or with a noise."

III: On the excellence of wudu', and on the excellence of those with white blazes on their foreheads and limbs from the effects of wudu'

136. It is related that Nu'aym al-Mujmir said, "I went with Abu Hurayra onto the roof of the mosque. He did wudu' and said, 'I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "On the Day of Rising my community will be called 'those with white blazes on their foreheads and limbs' from the effects of wudu'. So whoever of you can increase the extent of the whiteness, should do so."'"

IV: On not renewing wudu' because of doubt until you are certain [that you have lost wudu']

137. It is related from 'Abbad ibn Tamim from his uncle that he complained to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about a man who thought that he had broken wind during the prayer. He said, "He should not turn away or leave the prayer unless he hears a noise or smells something."

V: On doing wudu' lightly

138. It is narrated from ibn 'Abbas, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, slept to the extent that he snored and then prayed," or he said, "He lay down to the extent that he snored and then got up and prayed."

Later on Sufyan reported the same incident reported the same incident repeatedly that 'Amr related from Kurayb saying that Ibn 'Abbas said, "Once I spent the night in the house of my aunt, Maymuna, and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up during the night. After some of the night had passed, the Prophet got up and did wudu' lightly from a hanging waterskin - 'Amr (one of the narrators) described it as being light and used little water - and stood up to pray. I did wudu' as the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had done and then went and stood on his left. (Sufyan might have said shimalihi rather than yasarihi) He moved me to his right and then prayed as much as Allah willed and then lay down and went to sleep to the extent that he snored. Then the caller came and announced the prayer, then the Prophet went with him for the prayer and he prayed without doing wudu'.

Sufyan said, "We said to 'Amr that some people say, 'The eyes of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sleep but his heart does not sleep.'"

'Amr said that he heard 'Ubayd ibn 'Umayr say, "The dreams of the Prophets are revelation." Then he recited [the conversation of Ibrahim to Isma'il], "I saw in a dream that I must sacrifice you." (37:102)

VI: On doing wudu' thoroughly

Ibn 'Umar said, "Doing wudu' thoroughly means getting clean perfectly."

139. It is related that Usama ibn Zayd was heard to say [relating the Farewell Hajj of the Prophet], "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pushed on from 'Arafat until he came to a pass where he dismounted, urinated and did wudu' but not thoroughly. I said, 'The prayer, Messenger of Allah!' He replied, 'The prayer is still ahead of you.' He rode on and when he reached Muzdalifa, he dismounted and did wudu' and did it thoroughly. Then the Iqama was given for the prayer and he prayed Maghrib. Then everyone made their camels stay kneeling where they were and the iqama was given for 'Isha' and the Prophet prayed it, and he did do any prayers between the two prayers."

VII: On washing the face with both hands using a handful of water

140. It is related from 'Ata' ibn Yasar that when Ibn 'Abbas did wudu', he washed his face, took a handful of water and rinsed out his mouth and then cleaned his nose by sniffing up water and blowing out again. Then he took a handful of water and did like this, (putting his hands together and washing his face with them). Then he took a handful of water and washed his right arm. Then he took a handful of water and washed his left arm. Then he wiped his head. Then he took a handful of water and sprinkled it on his right foot until he had washed it. Then he took another handful of water and washed his left foot with it. Then he said, "This is how I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, doing wudu'."

VIII: Saying "In the name of Allah" in every situation [in the beginning] including during sexual relations with one's wife

141. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If one of you comes to his wife and says, 'In the name of Allah. O Allah, protect us from Shaytan and protect any child You grant us from Shaytan,' and a child is decreed for them, Shaytan will not harm him."

IX: On what to say when going to the lavatory

142. Anas was heard to say, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered the lavatory, he would say, 'O Allah, I seek refuge with you from foulness and the foul ones (shaytans)."

[Ibn 'Ar'ara corroborated with Adam in relating from Shu'ba.

The narration of Ghandar Shu'ba has "When he came to the lavatory" (in place of entered).

Musa relates from Hammad, "When he entered."

Sa'id ibn Zayd related from 'Abdu'l-'Aziz, "When he wanted to enter."]

X: On placing water by the lavatory

143. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered the lavatory and I placed water there for him. He said, "Who put this here?" He was informed, and then he said, 'O Allah, give him [i.e. Ibn 'Abbas] understanding of the deen.'"

XI: On not facing the qibla when defecating or urinating except when screened by a building, or by a wall or the like [as a heap of stones, etc.]

144. It is related that Abu Ayyub al-Ansari said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When any of you goes to relieve himself, he should not face the qibla nor turn his back on it. He should face the east or west."

XII: On defecating while sitting on two bricks

145. Wasi' ibn Habban related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar used to say, "People were saying, 'Whenever you sit to relieve yourself, you should not face either the qibla or the direction of Jerusalem." So 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "One day I went up onto the roof of a house of ours and saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, relieving himself while sitting on two bricks facing the direction of Jerusalem."

Ibn 'Umar asked Wasi', "Perhaps you are one of those who pray on their haunches?" The answer was, "By Allah, I do not know." Malik said, "He means those who pray without lifting themselves from the ground properly, who cleave close to the ground in prostration."

XIII: On women going out to relieve themselves

146. It is related from 'A'isha that the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to go out to al-Manasi' at night to defecate. It was a vast open plain. 'Umar used to tell the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Veil your wives," but the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not do it. One night Sawda bint Zam'a, the wife of the Prophet, went out in the evening. She was a tall woman and 'Umar called to her, "We have recognised you, Sawda!" He was keen for an instruction regarding the veil to be revealed and then Allah sent down the ayat of veiling.

It is related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said [to his wives], "You have been permitted to go out to fulfill your need."

Hisham said that he meant defecation.

XIV: On defecating in houses

147. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I went up onto the roof of Hafsa's house for a particular purpose and saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, relieving himself with his back to the qibla, facing Syria."

148. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "One day I went up onto the roof of our house and saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sitting on two bricks facing Jerusalem."

XV: On cleansing the private parts with water (istinja')

149. It is related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to relieve himself, I and another boy would go along with a container of water," i.e. so that he could use it for cleansing himself.

XVI: On someone having water carried with him for purification purposes

Abu'd-Darda' said, "Is there not among you one called 'carrier of the sandals, purification water and cushion'?

150. It is related that Anas was heard to say, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to relieve himself, I and one of the other boys from our tribe with us used to follow him with a container of water.

XVII: On carrying a spear ('anaza) together with the water for istinja'

151. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went apart to relieve himself, I and a boy would carry a container of water and a spear so that he could cleanse with water."

An-Nadr and Shadhan corroborated this from Shu'ba.

An 'anaza is a staff with a spearhead on it.

XVIII: On the prohibition against doing cleansing in the lavatory with the right hand.

152. It is related from Abu Qatada from his father that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When one of you drinks, he should not breathe into the vessel. When he relieves himself, he should not touch his private parts with his right hand nor wipe himself with his right hand."

XIX: On not holding the private parts with the right hand while urinating

153. It is related from Abu Qatada from his father that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When one of you urinates, he should not hold his private part with his right hand nor should he cleanse with his right hand, and he should not breathe into a (drinking) vessel."

XX: On cleansing using stones

154. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "I followed the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who went out to relieve himself and he did not look around. When I came near him, he said, 'Go and look for some stones with which I can cleanse myself (or something like that). Do not bring me bones or dung.' I brought him some stones in the corner of my garment and placed them beside him and left him. When he finished, he cleansed them."

155. It is related that 'Abdullah was heard to say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to relieve himself and told me to bring him three stones. I found two stones and looked for a third, but could not find one. I took a piece of dried dung and took it to him. He took the two stones and threw away the dung, saying, 'This is unclean.'"

XXI: Perfoming wudu', washing each part once only

156. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, performed wudu', washing each part once only."

XXII: Performing wudu', washing the parts twice

157. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn Zayd that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, performed wudu', washing the parts twice.

XXIII: Perfoming wudu', washing the parts three times

158. It is reported from Humran, the mawla of 'Uthman, that he saw 'Uthman ibn 'Affan call for a container of water which he poured over his hands three times, washing them. Then he put his right hand in the vessel and rinsed out his mouth and cleaned his nose by sniffing up water and blowing out. Then he washed his face three times and he washed his forearms to the elbows three times. Then he wiped his head and washed his feet to the ankles three times. Then he said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Whoever does wudu' like this and then prays two rak'ats in which he does not become distracted will have his past wrong actions forgiven.'

'Urwa related from Humran, "When 'Uthman had done wudu', he said, 'I will tell you a hadith which I would not have have told you if it had not been for a certain ayat. I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "If a man does wudu' and does it well and prays, Allah will be forgiven everything that he does between then and the time when he prays the next prayer."'" (Muwatta Imam Malik, Book 2, 30)

'Urwa said that the ayat was, "those who conceal the clear signs We have sent down" . (2:159)

XXIV: On cleaning the nose with water by sniffing up and blowing out again in wudu'

'Uthman, 'Abdullah ibn Zayd and Ibn 'Abbas related it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

159. Abu Hurayra was heard to say that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,"The person doing wudu' should snuff water up his nose and blow it out again." (Bukhari, 135)

XXV: Cleansing the private parts with an odd number of stones

160. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When you do wudu', snuff water into your nose and blow it out, and if you use stones to clean your private parts use an odd number. When you wake up from sleep you should wash your hands before putting them in the wudu' water, for none of you knows where his hands were during the night." (Bukhari, 136)

XXVI: Washing both feet and should not just wiping them

161. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stayed behind us on a journey; we travelled, and he caught up with us when thr time for 'Asr was overdue and we were doing wudu', merely wiping over our feet [not washing very well]. He called out in a loud voice two or three times, 'Woe to the heels on account of the Fire!'"*

[*Because without washing the feet, wudu' is not complete and the one who has no wudu has no prayer, and the one who does not pray goes to the Fire unless Allah has mercy on him.]

XXVII: On rinsing out the mouth in wudu'

This was mentioned by Ibn 'Abbas and 'Abdullah ibn Zayd from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace

162. It is related from Humran, the mawla of 'Uthman ibn 'Affan, that he saw 'Uthman call for water for wudu' which he poured from the container over his hands. He washed them three times, and then put his right hand into the water, rinsed out his mouth and sniffed up water into his nose and blew it out again. Then he washed his face three times and his arms to the elbows three times. Then he wiped his head and washed each foot three times. Then he said, "I saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, do wudu' like this and he said, Whoever does wudu' like this and then prays two rak'ats in which he does not become distracted will have his past wrong actions forgiven.'"

XXVIII. CHAPTER: Washing the heels.

When Ibn Sirin did wudu', he used to wash the skin covered by his ring

163. It is related from Muhammad ibn Ziyad, "I heard Abu Hurayra say as he was passing by us at a time when some people were doing wudu' from a water-container, "Do wudu' thoroughly, for Abu'l-Qasim, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Woe to the heels on account of the Fire!"'"

XXIX: Washing the feet when wearing sandals and not wiping over them

164. It is related from 'Ubayd ibn Jurayj that he said to 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar, "O Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman! I saw you doing four things which I did not see any of your companions doing."

He asked, "What are those things, Ibn Jurayj?"

He said, "I saw that you did not touch any of the corners (of the Ka'ba) except for the two Yemeni ones and I saw you wearing sandals of tanned leather. I saw you dyeing your hair with yellowish colouring. I saw that when you were in Makka the people were saying the talbiya when they saw the new moon while you did not say the talbiya until the Day of Tarwiya (the 8th of Dhu'l-Hijja)."

'Abdullah said, "Regarding the corners, I only saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, touch only the two Yemeni corners (of the Ka'ba). As for the tanned sandals, I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wearing hairless sandals and doing wudu' in them, so I like to wear them. As for dyeing the hair, I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, dyeing his hair with henna and so I like to dye with it. As for the talbiya, I did not see the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, doing the talbiya until his mount set out for hajj."

XXX: Starting with the right when performing wudu' and ghusl

165. It is related that Umm 'Atiyya said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to the woman when they were washing his [deceased] daughter, "Begin with her right hand side and the places which are washed in wudu'."

166. It is related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, liked to begin with the right when putting on his shoes, combing his hair, in purification and in all things.

XXXI: Looking for water for wudu' when the time for the prayer is at hand

'A'isha said, "Once it was time for Subh prayer and water was looked for but none could be found, so tayammum was revealed .

167. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when it was near the time of 'Asr and people were looking for water [for wudu'] but could not find any. Then water was brought to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, placed his hand in that vessel and told people to do wudu' from it. I saw the water gushing up from under his fingers until every last one of them had done wudu'." (Muwatta Imam Malik, Book 2, 33)

XXXII: On water with which human hair has been washed.

'Ata' saw no harm in using hair for thread and ropes.

Also about things dogs have licked and their passing through the mosque.

Az-Zuhri said, "You can do wudu' with water which has been licked by a dog when you have no other water."

Sufyan [ath-Thawri] said, "This is deep understanding itself. Allah says, 'If you do not find water, then do tayammum.'" (5:6) And this is water. However, there is something doubtful about it. So one should use it to do wudu' and then do tayammum also.

168. It is related that Ibn Sirin said, "I said to 'Abida [as-Salmani], 'I have some of the hair of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which I got from Anas or Anas's family.' He replied, "If I had a single one of those hairs, it would be dearer to me than this world and everything in it."

169. It is related from Anas that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had his head shaved, Abu Talha was the first to take some of his hair.

[Dogs]

170. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If a dog drinks from a vessel belonging to one of you, he should wash it seven times."  (Muwatta Imam Malik, Book 2, 36)

171. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A man saw a dog driven by thirst to eat mud, so he took his leather sock and scooped up water for it until its thirst was quenched. Allah rewarded him for that and admitted him to the Garden."

172. It is related from Hamza ibn 'Abdullah that his father said, "During the [early days] of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, dogs used to urinate and go back and forth through the mosque. Nevertheless, people were not sprinkling any water on the spot."

173. It is related that 'Adi ibn Hatim said, "I asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, [about hunting dogs]. He said, 'When you release your trained dog and it kills, then eat. If the dog eats [part of it], then you should not eat it for then the dog has taken the game for itself.' I said, 'If I let loose my dog and then find another dog with it?' He said, 'Do not eat it for you have said the basmala over your dog but not over the other one.'"

XXXIII: Those who thought that wudu' is only obligatory on account of something discharging from the front or back passages.

The words of Allah, "Or one of you comes from the lavatory." (5:6)

'Ata' said that if a worm comes out of someone's anus or discharge from the penis equal to the size of a louse, then he must repeat wudu'."

Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "If someone laughs in the prayer, he should repeat the prayer, but not repeat wudu'."

Al-Hasan said, "If anyone removes some of his hair or cuts his nails or removes his leather socks, he does not have to do wudu' on account of that."

Abu Hurayra said, "Wudu' should only be repeated on account of hadath."

It is mentioned that Jabir stated that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in the Dhat ar-Riqa' expedition and a man was shot with an arrow and he bled profusely but he bowed, prostrated and continued his prayer.

Al-Hasan said, "The Muslims used to continue to pray when they were wounded."

Tawus, Muhammad ibn 'Ali, 'Ata' and the people of the Hijaz said, "Wudu' is not done on account of bleeding."

Ibn 'Umar squeezed one of his pimples and blood came out of it but he did not do wudu'.

Ibn Abi Awfa spat out blood and continued his prayer.

Ibn 'Umar and al-Hasan said that a person who has been bled only has to wash the place of the incision.

174. It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The servant is in a state of prayer during the time he is waiting for the prayer in the mosque as long as he does not break wudu' (by hadath)." A non-Arab asked, "What is hadath, Abu Hurayra?" He replied, "A noise" i.e. passing wind from the back passage.

175. It is related from 'Abbad ibn Tamim from his uncle that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A person should not leave the prayer unless he hears a sound or smells something."

176. It is related that 'Ali said, "I was a man who got frequent emotional urethral discharges (madhiy) and I was too embarrassed to ask the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,about it. Therefore I asked al-Miqdad ibn al-Aswad to do so. He said that you should do wudu' on account of it.

Shu'ba related it from al-A'mash.

177. It is related from Zayd ibn Khalid that he asked 'Uthman ibn 'Affan, may Allah be pleased with him, "What do you think about someone who has intercourse but does not discharge?" 'Uthman said, "He does wudu' as one does wudu' for the prayer, but he must wash his penis." 'Uthman said, "I heard this from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." Zayd said, "I asked 'Ali, az-Zubayr, Talha, and Ubayy ibn Ka'b about that and they also gave the same instruction."

178. It is related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent for a man of the Ansar who came with water dripping from his head. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, "Perhaps we have made you hurry [from intercourse]?" He answered, "Yes." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If you are made to hurry or do not have discharge, then you should do wudu'."

Wahb corroborated it, relating from Shu'ba.

Abu 'Abdullah [i.e. al-Bukhari] said that Ghundar and Yahya from who related Shu'ba did not mention "wudu'."

XXXIV: On a man helping his companion to perform wudu'

179. It is related from Usama ibn Zayd that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, left 'Arafa, he turned aside into a gulley and relieved himself. Usama ibn Zayd said, "I poured water for him as he did wudu' and I asked, 'Messenger of Allah, are you going to pray?' He said, 'The place of the prayer is still ahead of you.'"

180. It is related from al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba that he was with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on a journey and the Prophet went out to relieve himself. Then Mughira poured the water for him while he did wudu'. He washed his face and hands and wiped his head and wiped over his leather socks.

XXXV: The recitation of the Qur'an and other things after the occurrence of hadath

Mansur quoted from Ibrahim, "There is no harm in reciting [Qur'an] in bathhouses (hammam) or in writing letters while not in wudu'.

Hammad quoted Ibrahim as saying, "Greet them if they are wearing waist-wrappers. Otherwise, do not greet them."

181. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas spent the night in the house of Maymuna, the wife of the Messenger of Allah, who was his maternal aunt. He said, "I lay down across the bed and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his wife lay lengthwise. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, slept until half the night had passed– or thereabouts. Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, woke up, sat up and rubbed the sleep from his face with his hands. Then he recited the last ten ayats from Surat Ali 'Imran. Then he went to a hanging water-skin and did wudu' from it, doing it thoroughly. Then he got up and prayed." Ibn 'Abbas continued, "So I got up and did the same as he did and went and stood beside him. He put his right hand on my head taking hold of my right ear and tweaking it. He prayed two rak'ats, then another two, then another two, then another two, then another two, and then another two. Then he did an odd one. Then he lay down until the mu'adhdhin came to him. Then he prayed two quick rak'ats and then went out and prayed Subh." (Muwatta Imam Malik, Book 7, 13)

XXXVI: On not doing wudu' except after falling into deep sleepp

182. It is related from Asma' bint Abi Bakr that she said, "I went to 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when there was a solar eclipse. The people were standing in prayer and she was also standing in prayer. I said, 'What are the people doing?' She pointed towards the sky and said, 'Glory be to Allah!' I said, 'A sign?' She indicated that it was so. I also stood to pray until I was overcome and fainted. I began to pour water over my head. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished the prayer, he praised Allah and lauded Him and then said, 'Anything which I did not see before I saw just now while standing here, including the Garden and the Fire. It was revealed to me that you will be tested in the graves with a like trial - or nearly like - [I do not know exactly which Asma' said] to that of the False Messiah. Each of you will be approached and asked, "What do you know of this man? The believer - or the one who is certain - [I do not know which exactly Asma' said] will say, "He is Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah who brought us the clear signs and guidance. So we responded to him, believed and followed him." He will be told, "Sleep, O virtuous one!" We know that you believed in him.' As for the hypocrite or the doubter - [I do not know which Asma' said] he will say, "I do not know. I heard people saying something and so I said it too."'"

XXXVII: On wiping the entire head according to the words of Allah,, "wipe your heads." (5:6)

Ibn al-Musayyab said, "The woman is like the man, and should wipe her head."

Malik was asked, "Is it enough to wipe part of the head?" For his argument he used the hadith of 'Abdullah ibn Zayd [which refers to wiping the entire head.]

183. It is related from Yahya al-Mazini that a man said to 'Abdullah ibn Zayd, the grandfather of 'Amr ibn Yahya, "Can you show me how the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to do wudu'?" 'Abdullah ibn Zayd said, "Yes," and asked for water. He poured it onto his hands and them twice. He poured some out on to his hand and washed them twice and then rinsed his mouth and snuffed water up his nose and blew it out three times. Then he washed his face three times and both of his arms up to the elbows twice. He then wiped his head with both hands, taking his hands from his forehead to the nape of his neck and then bringing them back to where he had begun. Then he washed his feet."  (Muwatta Imam Malik, Book 2, 1)

XXXVIII: On washing the feet to the ankles

184. It is related from 'Amr that his father said, "I saw 'Amr ibn Abi Hasan ask 'Abdullah ibn Zayd about the wudu' of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He called for a pot with water in it and did wudu' for them in the way that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did it. He poured water from the pot over his hand and washed both hands three times. Then he put his hand in the pot and sniffed water up his nose and blew it out using three handfuls of water. Then he put his hand in [the water-pot] and washed his face three times. Then he washed his arms twice to the elbows. Then he put his hand in [the water-pot] and wiped his head, bringing his hands from the forehead to the nape of the neck and then bringing them back again once. Then he washed his feet to the ankles."

XXXIX: On using people's left-over wudu' water

Jarir ibn 'Abdullah ordered his family to do wudu' with the water left from soaking his siwak (toothstick)

185. It is related that Abu Juhayfa was heard to say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out to us at midday and water was brought to him. He did wudu' and people began to take his left-over wudu' water and wipe themselves with it. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed two rak'ats for Dhuhr and two rak'ats for 'Asr with a pointed staff set up in front of him."

Abu Musa said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called for a bowl with some water in it and washed his hands and his face. Then he spat into and said to the two of them, 'Drink it and pour some of it over your faces and chests."

186. It is related from Ibn Shihab that he was told by Mahmud ibn ar-Rabi' who is the man into whose face the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, spat water from his family's well when he was a child.

And 'Urwa related from al-Miswar and others who confirmed each other, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did wudu', his Companions all but fought each other for his wudu' water.

187. It is related that as-Sa'ib ibn Yazid said, "My aunt took me to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, my nephew has got something wrong with his legs.' So he passed his hand on my head and prayed for blessing for me. Then he did wudu' and I drank some of his wudu' water. Then I stood behind him and saw the seal of prophethood between his shoulders. It was like an egg of a partridge."

XL. CHAPTER: Rinsing one's mouth out and sniffing up water using a single handful of water

188. It is related from 'Amr ibn Yahya from his father that 'Abdullah ibn Zayd poured water on his hands from a container and washed them and then washed or rinsed out his mouth and sniffed up water using one handful, doing that three times. Then he washed his arms to the elbows twice. He wiped his head front and back. Then he washed his feet to the ankles. Then he said, "This is how the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did wudu'."

XLI: Wiping the head once

189. It is related from 'Amr that his father said, "I saw 'Amr ibn Abi Hasan ask 'Abdullah ibn Zayd about the wudu' of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He called for a pot with water in it and did wudu' for them. He poured water over his hands and washed them three times. Then he put his hand in the pot and sniffed water up his nose and blew it out using three handfuls of water. Then he put his hand in the water-pot and washed his face three times. Then he washed his arms twice to the elbows. Then he put his hand in the water-pot and wiped his head, bringing his hands from the forehead to the nape of the neck and then bringing them back again once. Then he put his hand in the water-pot and washed his feet."

It is related that Wuhayb said, "He wiped his head once."

XLII: On a man doing wudu' with his wife and using a woman's left-over wudu' water

'Umar did wudu' with warm water, and with water from the house of a Christian woman.

190. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "During the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, men and women {i.e. their wives] used to do wudu' together." (Muwatta Book 2, 15)

XLIII: The Prophet pouring his wudu' water over someone who had fainted

191. It is related that Jabir was heard to say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,came to visit me when I was ill and unconscious. He did wudu' and then poured his wudu' water over me and I regained consciousness and said, 'Messenger of Allah, who will inherit from me as I have no direct heirs?' Then the ayat of the shares of inheritance (4:186) was revealed."

XLIV: On performing ghusl and wudu' from a wash basin, a drinking bowl, and a wooden or stone container

192. Hammad related that Anas said, "The time of the prayer came and those whose houses were nearby went to their families [to do wudu']. Some of the people remained. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought a stone basin with some water in it. The vessel was too small for him to spread out his hand in it. All the people did wudu' from it." Hammad said, "We asked, 'How many were you?' He replied, 'Eighty or more.'"

193. It is related from Abu Musa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called for a drinking bowl with water in it and washed his hands and his face in it and threw a mouthful of water back in it.

194. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn Zayd, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and we brought out some water for him in a brass vessel and he did wudu', washing his face three times, his hands twice, wiping his head, from the forehead to the nape of the neck and back again, and washing his feet."

195. It is related that 'A'isha said, "When the illness of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, became severe and his pain was intense, he asked his wives for permission to be nursed in my room and they gave him their permission. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came out supported between two men, his feet dragging on the ground - between 'Abbas and another man.

'Ubaydullah said, "I told this to 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas, then he said, 'Do you know who the other man was?' I said, 'No.' He said, 'It was 'Ali.'"

'A'isha related: "After the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered my house, and his pain became more intense, he said, 'Pour over me seven unopened water skins so I can counsel the people.' He was seated in a tub belonging to Hafsa, the wife of the Prophet. Then we started pouring those water skins over him until he indicated to stop as we had done enough. Then he went out to the people."

XLV: Doing wudu' from a small pot

196. It is related from 'Amr ibn Yahya that his father said, "My uncle used to be excessive in his performance of wudu' and he asked 'Abdullah ibn Zayd to tell him how the Prophet used to do wudu'. He called for a pot of water and poured water on his hands and washed them three times. Then he put his hand in the pot [and brought out water], then rinsed his mouth out and sniffed up water from one handful three times. Then he put his hand in and scooped up water and washed his face three times. Then he washed his arms to the elbows twice. Then he took water with his hand and wiped his head, bringing his hands from the forehead to the nape of the neck and then bringing them back again once. Then he washed his feet Then he said, "This is how I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, doing wudu'."

197. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked for a container of water and was brought a wide, shallow drinking bowl with some water in it. He placed his fingers in it. Anas said, "I saw the water gushing up from under his fingers." Anas said. "I reckon that seventy to eighty did wudu'."

XLVI: Doing wudu' with a mudd of water, (that is between 1 1/3 - 2 litres)

198. Anas was heard to say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to do ghusl with a sa' (that is between 6-8 litres) or up to five mudds. He used to do wudu' with a mudd." *

[*Which means that the water ought to be used very economically.]

XLVII: Wiping over leather socks (khuff)

199. It is related from Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to wipe over leather socks.

'Abdullah ibn 'Umar asked 'Umar about that so he answered, "Yes," [and added], "whenever Sa'd relates something from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, you ought not to ask anyone else about it.

Abu Salama reported that Sa'd reported to him that [the Prophet used to wipe over leather socks] and 'Umar said something similar to what has been described earlier to 'Abdullah.

200. It is related from al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to relieve himself and al-Mughira followed him with a vessel of water, pouring the water for him when he finished relieving himself and he did wudu' wiping over his leather socks.

201. It is related from Ja'far ibn 'Amr ibn Umayya ad-Damri that his father told him that he saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wiping over leather socks.

Harb ibn Shaddad and Aban corroborated with Shayban, in relating from Yahya.

202. It is related from Ja'far ibn 'Amr that his father said, "I saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, wiping over his turban and leather socks."

Ma'mar corroborated with al-Awza'i, relating from Yahya from Abu Salama from 'Amr, who said, "I saw the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, [doing this]."

XLVIII: When one puts leather socks on while one's feet are a state of purity

203. It is related from 'Urwa ibn al-Mughira that his father said, "I was with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on a journey and I went to remove his leather socks then he said, 'Leave them. I was in a state of purity when I put them on.'" Then he wiped them.

XLIX: On not doing wudu' on account of eating mutton and sawiq (a grain mush)

Abu Bakr, 'Umar and 'Uthman ate meat, and did not renew their wudu'.

204. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ate a shoulder of lamb and then prayed without doing wudu'.  (Muwatta Book 2, 19)

205. It is related from Ja'far ibn 'Amr ibn Umayya that his father informed him that he saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, cutting off a piece of a shoulder of lamb when he was called to the prayer. He put down the knife and prayed without doing wudu'.

L: On rinsing one's mouth out after eating sawiq and not doing wudu'

206. It is related from Suwayd ibn al-Nu'man that he went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the year of Khaybar. They travelled until they reached as-Sahba', which is near Khaybar. "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed 'Asr and then asked for food. Only sawiq was brought, so he asked for it to be moistened. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ate and we ate as well. Then he got up for Maghrib and rinsed his mouth out and we also rinsed out our mouths. Then he prayed without repeating wudu'."  (Muwatta Book 2, 20)

207. It is related from Maymuna that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ate a shoulder (of mutton) in her house and then prayed without repeating wudu'.

LI: On whether to rinse the mouth after drinking milk

208. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, drank milk and rinsed his mouth out, saying, "It has fat in it."

Yunus and Salih ibn Kaysan corroborated 'Uqayl in relating this from az-Zuhri.

LII: Performing wudu' after sleeping. Those who do not think that there is any need for wudu' on account of nodding off once or twice

209. It is related from 'A'isha that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When one of you nods off while he is praying, he should go and lie down until he is no longer sleepy. If someone prays when he is drowsy, he may not know whether he is asking for forgiveness or asking for something bad for himself."  (Muwatta Book 7, 3)

210. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If any of you nods off in the prayer, he should sleep until he knows what he is reciting."

LIII: Doing wudu' when there is no hadath

211. It is related from 'Amr ibn 'Amir, "Anas said, 'The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to do wudu' for every prayer.' I said, 'What did you do?' He replied, 'We would be satisfied with our wudu' as long as we had not broken it.'"

212. It is related that Suwayd ibn an-Nu'man said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,in the year of Khaybar. We travelled until we reached as-Sahba'. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, led us in the 'Asr prayer and then asked for food. Only sawiq was brought. We ate and drank. Then he got up for Maghrib, rinsed his mouth out and prayed without repeating wudu'."

LIV: Not guarding oneself from urine is one of the major sins

213. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,  passed by a garden in Madina or Makka and heard the voices of two people who were being tortured in their graves. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, remarked, 'They are being tortured and are not being punished for anything very great.' Then he said, 'Rather one of them did not guard himself from urine and the other was involved in back-biting.' Then he called for a leafless palm branch and broke it into two pieces and put one on each grave. He was asked, 'Messenger of Allah, why did you do this?' He said, 'Perhaps their torture will be lightened for them for as long as these do not dry up - or until they dry up.'"

LV: On what is said about washing off urine

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saying about the person in the grave, "He did not guard himself from his urine." He only mentioned human urine.

214. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out to relieve himself, I used to bring him water with which he washed himself."

215. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, passed by two graves and said, 'They are being tortured and are not being tortured for anything very great. One of them did not guard himself from urine and the other was involved in back-biting.' Then he called for a moist leafless palm branch and split it into two halves sticking one in each grave. They said, 'Messenger of Allah, why did you do this?' He said, 'Perhaps their torture will be lightened for them for as long as these do not dry up.'"

It is related from al-A'mash that he heard the same thing from Mujahid, but he said (bawlihi) his urine [instead of al-bawli (urine)].

LVI: The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the people left the bedouin alone until he had finished urinating in the mosque

216. It is related from Anas ibn Malik that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw a bedouin urinating in the mosque. He said, "Leave him when he finished." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, called for water and poured it over the urine.

LVII: Pouring water on urine in the mosque

217. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "A bedouin stood up and urinated in the mosque. The people called to him and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to them, 'Let him be. Pour a bucket or pail of water onto his urine. You were sent to make things easy and not to make them difficult.'"

218. This is [also] related from Anas ibn Malik from the Prophet.

LVIII: Pouring water on urine

219. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "A bedouin came and urinated in a corner of the mosque. The people shouted at him but the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stopped them. When he had finished urinating, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered a bucket of water to be brought which was poured over it."

LIX: Children's urine

220. It is related that 'A'isha, Umm al-Mu'minin, said, "A child was brought to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the child urinated on his clothes. He called for some water and rubbed over the urine with it."  (Muwatta Book 2, 111)

221. It is related from Umm Qays bint Mihsan that she brought a small son of hers who was not yet eating food to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sat him in his lap and the boy urinated on his clothes. He called for some water and poured it over the place but did not wash it. (Muwatta Book 2, 112)

LX: Urinating standing and sitting

222. It is related that Hudhayfa said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to the rubbish dump of some people and urinated standing. Then he called for some water. I brought him water and he did wudu'.

LXI: Urinating beside one's companion while screened by a wall

223. It is related that Hudhayfa said, "It happened that the Prophet and I were walking. He went to the rubbish dump of some people behind a wall, and stood as one of you stands and urinated. I left him but he beckoned me to come back. I stood behind him until he finished."

LXII: Urinating at a people's rubbish dump

224. It is related that Abu Wa'il said, "Abu Musa al-Ash'ari used to lay great stress on the question of urinating and said, 'If one of the Banu Isra'il got urine on his garment, he would cut that part out.'" Hudhayfa said, "I wish he had not laid such great stress on this matter. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to the rubbish dump of a people and urinated while standing."*

[* The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to urinate while sitting. 'A'isha said that the Prophet never urinated while standing, but the Prophet did it to show that it is permissible. 'Umar, 'Ali and Zayd ibn Thabit and other Companions have urinated while standing. Only one must be careful that it did not get on the clothes or body. See Fath al-Bari, I, 330.]

LXIII: Washing off blood

225. It is related that Asma' said, "A woman came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'If one of us gets menstrual blood on her clothes, what do you think she should do?' He said, 'She should rub the soiled portion and then scrub it with water, pour water over it, and then pray in it.'"

226. Hisham related on the authority of his father 'Urwa that 'A'isha said, "Fatima bint Abi Hubaysh came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, I am a woman with persistent bleeding from the uterus so that I do not become clean. Shall I stop doing the prayer?'

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, replied, "No, that is from a blood vessel. It is not menstruation. When your period approaches, then stop doing the prayer, and when it finishes, wash the blood from yourself and then pray.'"

Hisham said that his father added, "Then do wudu' for every prayer until the time of your period comes again."

LXIV: On washing off semen and rubbing it and washing off women's discharge

227. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I used to wash janaba (semen) from the clothes of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he would go out to the prayer while the traces of the wet spot were visible."

228. It is related that Sulayman said, "I heard 'A'isha, may Allah be pleased with her..."

'Amr ibn Maymun said that I heard Sulayman ibn Yasir about sperm getting onto clothes, and he quoted 'A'isha as saying , "I used to wash it from the clothes of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he would go out to the prayer with the traces of washing showing as wet patches on his clothes."

LXV: If janaba (sperm) or other impurities are washed and traces of them still remain

229. It is related that 'Amr ibn Maymun asked Sulayman ibn Yasar about the garment with sperm on it. He quoted 'A'isha . "I used to wash it sperm from the garment of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Then he would go out to the prayer with the traces of washing showing as wet patches on his clothes."

230. It is related from 'A'isha that she used to wash the sperm from the garment of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. "Then I could still see one or more wer spots on it."

LXVI: On the urine of camels, sheep and other animals and their folds

Abu Musa prayed at Dar al-Barid (the post house in Kufa) which had dung in it when there was open ground beside it. He said, "Here and there are the same."*

[*There is difference of opinion among scholars about the urine and dung of animals. Some of them say that those animals whose meats are halal, their urine and dung are not impure while others have the opinion that it is impure.]

231. It is related that Anas said, "Some people came from [the tribe of] 'Ukl or 'Urayna and became ill. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded them to go to the milk-camels and to drink their urine and milk [for their treatment]. So they went, and when they were cured, they killed the herdsman of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and took away the camels. The news arrived early in the day and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent people on their trail. They were brought to him in the middle of the day. He ordered that their hands and feet be cut off and nails were driven in their eyes and they were cast out into al-Harra'. They asked for water but none was given to them."

Abu Qilaba said, "These men stole and murdered and became unbelievers after believing, and fought against Allah and His Messenger."

232. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray in sheep-folds before the mosque was built.

LXVII: On impure things which fall into fat and water

Az-Zuhri said, "There is no harm in [using] water if neither its taste, smell nor colour has changed."

Hammad said, "There is no harm in the feathers of dead birds."

Az-Zuhri said about the bones of dead animals like elephants, "I met some of the early scholars who used them for combs and oiling and they did not see any harm in that."

Ibn Sirin and Ibrahim said, "There is no harm in the trade of ivory."

233. It is related from Maymuna that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked about a mouse which had fallen into some [congealed] fat. He said, "Take it out together with what is around it and throw it away and eat the rest."

234. See 233 except it has khudhuha instead of alquha.

Ma'n said that Malik related so many times that I could not count it, through Ibn 'Abbas from Maymuna.

235. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "On the Day of Rising every wound which the Muslim receives in the way of Allah will be as it was when it was inflicted. Blood will flow from it and it will be the colour of blood, but will smell like musk."

LXVIII: On urinating in stagnant water

236. It is related that Abu Hurayra heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "We are the last in this world, but the first in the Next World."

With the same isnad he said, "You should not urinate in stagnant water which does not flow. You might then need to wash in it.

LXIX: If something filthy or dead is put on the back of someone who is praying, it does not invalidate his prayer

While Ibn 'Umar was praying, he saw blood on his garment, he removed it and continue his prayer.

Ibn al-Musayyab and ash-Sha'bi said, "When someone prays in a garment stained with blood, semen or facing other than qibla or did tayammum and prayed and then finds water still within the prayer time, he does not have to repeat the prayer.

237. It is related from 'Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah* said, "When the Messenger of Allah* was in prostration.

It is related from 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud, "Once the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was praying at the Ka'ba when Abu Jahl and his companions were sitting there. One of them said to another, 'Which of you will bring the placenta of a camel of the Banu so-and-so and put it on Muhammad's back when he prostrates?' The most wretched of the people went and brought it. He waited until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prostrated and then put it on his back between his shoulders. I was watching but could not do anything to stop it. If only I had had some protectors. They began to laugh and fall on one another while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in prostration. He did not raise his head until Fatima came to him and threw it off his back. Then he raised his head and said, 'O Allah! Deal with the Quraysh!' three times. When he cursed them it was unbearable for them. They were convinced that the supplication would be accepted in that city." Then he said, "O Allah, deal with Abu Jahl, and deal with 'Utba ibn Rabi'a, Shayba ibn Rabi'a, al-Walid ibn 'Utba, Umayya ibn Khalaf and 'Uqba ibn Abi Mu'ayt,' and he mentioned a seventh whom I do not remember. By the One who has my soul in His hand, I saw those whom the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had ennumerated dead, [their bodies were thrown] in the well, the well of Badr."

LXX: On spitting, blowing the nose, etc. on one's clothes.

'Urwa related from al-Miswar and Marwan, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went out in the time of al-Hudaybiyya.." and they mentioned the rest of the hadith which says, "Whenever the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,spat and it fell on the hand of one of their men, he would rub it on his face and skin."

238. It is related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, spat into his garment [while he was praying]."

Al-Bukhari said that Abu Maryam said that Yahya ibn Ayyub informed me, saying that: Humayd informed me, "I heard Anas saying likewsie from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

LXXI: It is not permitted to do wudu' with nabidh nor any intoxicant.

Al-Hasan and Abu'l-'Aliya disliked it.

'Ata' said, "I prefer tayammum to doing wudu' with nabidh or milk."

239. It is related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Every drink which intoxicates is unlawful."

LXXII: A woman washing blood from her father's face

Abu'l-'Aliyya said, "Wipe my leg. It is injured."

240. It is related from Abu Hazim that he heard Sa'd as-Sa'idi being asked by people and none was between me and him, "What was used to treat the wound of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?" Sahl said, "There is no one left alive who knows better than I do. 'Ali used to bring water in his shield and Fatima used to wash the blood from his face. A straw mat was taken and burnt and the wound filled with it."

LXXIII: On Siwak

Ibn 'Abbas said, "I spent the night with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he cleaned his teeth.

241. It is related from Abu Burda that his father said, "I came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and found him cleaning his teeth with a siwak in his hand and saying, 'Augh! Augh!' as if he was retching while the siwak was in his mouth."

242. It is related that Hudhayfa said, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up at night, he used to clean his mouth with the siwak."

LXXIV: Giving the siwak to the oldest.

243. It is related from Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I dreamt that I was using the siwak and two men came to me, one of whom was older than the other. I gave the siwak to the younger of them and I was told, 'Give it to the older,' so I gave it to the older of them."

Abu 'Abdullah said that Nu'aym had a shortened version of it.

LXXV: The excellence of someone who spends the night in wudu'

244. It is related from al-Bara' ibn 'Azib that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whenever you go to bed, do wudu' as you do wudu' for the prayer and then lie down on your right side. Then say, 'O Allah, I have surrendered myself to You, entrusted my affair to You and relied on You in hope and fear of You. There is no refuge nor rescue from You except in You. O Allah, I have believed in Your Book which You sent down and in Your Prophet whom You sent.' If you die that night, then you will be in a state of pure human nature, i.e. Islam. Make that the last of the words that you utter."

Al-Bara' said, "I repeated this to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and when I reached, 'I have believed in Your Book which You sent down,' I said 'and Your Messenger' [instead of the Prophet] He said, 'No - "Your Prophet whom You sent."'"