Shaykh Ali Hani

Biography

Shaykh Ali Hani is a remarkable Jordanian scholar who is a master of the ten canonical recitations of the Qur'an; a scholar of the Shafi`i school of fiqh; a specialist of the Arabic language; and an expert in the sciences of Qur'anic exegesis (tafsir). Although he is a prolific scholar of many disciplines, he is passionately consumed by his love for the Qur'an. At an early age, he memorized the Qur'an, reciting it by memory five times to his aged and righteous teacher Shaykh Abu Ayman. Next, he studied the seven canonical readings of the Qur'an by memorizing the famous poem, al-Shatibiyya, at the hands of Shaykh Mahmud al-`Ureedi, who heard Shaykh Ali recite each of the seven readings on its own from memory and then gave him permission (ijaza) to transmit the readings to other students. 

Shaykh Ali also studied the Islamic disciplines at the University of Jordan, where he learned under a number of top traditionally-trained scholars. One of these scholars was Shaykh Fadl `Abbas, a leading scholar of Qur'anic exegesis and rhetoric (balagha) who was trained at the hands of the old scholars of Azhar University before the institution’s reform.

After completing his university studies, he traveled to San’a in Yemen. There Shaykh Ali studied inheritance law with Shaykh Qasim Bahr. Shaykh Qasim thoroughly drilled Shaykh Ali by having him solve 1000 inheritance problems, after which he gave Shaykh Ali permission to teach inheritance law to others. He also studied other disciplines with Shaykh Qasim, including Arabic grammar, rhetoric, and Islamic law.

Also in San`a, Shaykh Ali studied Arabic grammar morphology with the Mauritanian Shaykh Ahmad Ali, memorizing the famous thousand-line Alfiyya of Ibn Malik and parts of his Lamiyyat al-Af`al. In exchange for studying these disciplines with Shaykh Ahmad, he in turn taught Shaykh Ahmad the seven canonical recitations of the Qur'an.

Shaykh Ali also studied the remaining three canonical readings of the Qur'an with Shaykh Isma`il `Abd al-`Al by memorizing the Durra of Ibn al-Jazari, which completes the Shatibiyya.

After spending one and a half years in San`a, Shaykh `Ali went on to study in Tarim, Hadramawt. He was highly respected by the scholars there, who appointed him as a teacher of Qur'an in addition to accepting him as a student. For the next one and a half years, he would teach the canonical recitations of the Qur'an every day from fajr to zuhr and then study Islamic Law at the hands of top scholars (including Shaykh Muhammad al-Khatib and the late Shaykh Fadl Ba Fadl) from dhuhr till midnight. He studied the Minhaj al-Talibin several times during his stay in Tarim. Shaykh Ali also studied Arabic grammar with Shaykh Muhammad Amin al-Shinqiti, covering the Alfiyya of Ibn Malik and a thousand line addendum to the Alfiya authored by a Mauritanian scholar.

Shaykh Ali returned to Jordan as a teacher. A true inheritor of the Prophet, he is a teacher of teachers, teaching a large variety of disciplines to accomplished scholars in Jordan. He is known for his proverbial dedication to learning and teaching. Shaykh Ali is rarely seen on the streets without a book in his hand, and teaches from fajr until late at night every day of the week. As an example of his high rank and dedication, he completes the entire Qur’an each night during the second half of Ramadan. Shaykh Ali presently resides and teaches in the neighborhood of Kharabsheh in Amman, Jordan.

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