The prohibition against going to soothsayers, astrologers, diviners and looking for omens

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

303. Chapter: The prohibition against going to soothsayers, astrologers, diviners and looking for omens

1668. 'A'isha said, "Some people asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about soothsayers, and he said, 'They have nothing.' They said, 'O Messenger of Allah, they tell us something about those of us who are alive and then it sometimes comes true.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'That is a word of truth which a jinn got hold of and then cast into the ear of his helper, but they mix a hundred lies with it.'" [Agreed upon]

In a variant of al-Bukhari, 'A'isha heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "The angels descend into the clouds mentioning something which has been decreed in heaven. Then Shaytan eavesdrops and hears it and then reveals it to the soothsayers. Along with it, they tell a hundred lies from themselves."

1669. Safiyya bint Abi 'Ubayd reported from one of the wives of the Prophet, from that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone goes to a diviner and asks about something and believes it, his prayer will not be accepted for forty days." [Muslim]

1670. Qabisa ibn al-Mukhariq said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Divining, augury and taking omens from the flight of birds are part of idolatry.'" [Abu Dawud]

1671. Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Anyone who takes knowledge from the stars, takes a branch of sorcery and his sorcery increases according to the amount of knowledge he gains.'" [Abu Dawud]

1672. Mu'awiya ibn al-Hakam said, "I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, I was recently in the state of Jahiliyya and then Allah Almighty brought Islam, but there are still men among us who go to soothsayers.' He said, 'Do not go to them.' I said, "There are still men among us who look for omens.' He said, 'That is something which they find in their breasts. They should not be influenced by them.' I said, 'There are men among us who draw divining lines.' He said, 'One of the Prophets used to draw lines. Whoever has his lines coincide, that is that.'" [Muslim]

1673. Abu Mas'ud al-Badri reported that the Messenger of Allah forbade the proceeds from the sale of dogs, money earned through prostitution and the earnings of a soothsayer. [Agreed upon]