On forbidding looking at unrelated women and handsome youths without a legitimate reason

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

290. Chapter: On forbidding looking at unrelated women and handsome youths without a legitimate reason

Allah says, "Say to the believing men that they should lower their eyes," (24:30) and He says, "Hearing, sight and hearts will all be questioned." (17:36) Allah says, "He knows the eyes,' deceit and what people's breasts conceal," (40:19) and He says, "Your Lord is always lying in wait." (89:14)

1622. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Prescribed for the son of Adam is his portion of adultery which he must inevitably acquire. The adultery of the eyes is the glance. The adultery of the ears is listening. The adultery of the tongue is speech. The adultery of the hand is the grasp. The adultery of the foot is the step. The heart yearns and desires. The genitals either confirm this or deny it." [Agreed upon]

1623. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Beware of sitting in the roadways." They said, "Messenger of Allah. we must have places where we can sit and talk together." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If you must sit there, then give the roadway its rights." They asked, "What are the rights of the roadway, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Lowering the eye, refraining from causing annoyance, returning the greeting, commanding the right and forbidding the wrong." [Agreed upon]

1624. Abu Talha Zayd ibn Sahl said, "We were sitting in the area in front of the house, talking there, when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and stood over us and said, 'What have you to do with roadside gatherings. Avoid roadside gatherings!' We said, 'We have only sat down to do something which has no harm in it. We were merely conferring and conversing.' He said. 'If you must do it, then give it the rights which are due to it: lowering the eyes, returning the greeting and speaking well.'" [Muslim]

1625. Jarir said, "I asked the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about the unintentional glance. He said, 'Avert your eyes.'" [Muslim]

1626. Umm Salama said, "I was with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when Maymuna was with him. Ibn Umm Maktum came, and that was after we had been commanded to veil ourselves. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Veil yourselves from him.' We said, 'But Messenger of Allah, is he not blind and therefore not able to see us or recognise us?' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Are you two blind? Do you not see him?'" [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1627. Abu Sa'id reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A man should not look at another man's private parts nor a woman at another woman's private parts. Two men should not lie naked under the same cover nor two women under the same cover." [Muslim]