On forbidding showing-off

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

288. Chapter: On forbidding showing-off

Allah Almighty says, "They were only ordered to worship Allah, making their deen sincerely His as people of pure natural faith," (98:5) and the Almighty says, "Do not nullify your sadaqa by demands for gratitude or insulting words, like him who spends his wealth, showing off to people." (W2:263; H2:264) The Almighty says, "Showing off to people, and only remembering Allah a very little." (W4:141; H4:142)

1616. Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Allah Almighty says, "Of all those to whom association is attributed, I am the furthest removed from what is associated with Me. Anyone who does an action in which he associates other than Me with Me, I abandon him and what he associates."'" [Muslim]

1617. Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'The first of people to be judged on the Day of Rising will be a man who was martyred. He will be brought and will be informed of the blessings he had and will acknowledge them. Allah will say, "What did you do with them?" He will say, "I fought for You until I was martyred." Allah will say, "You lie. Rather you fought so it would be said, 'A bold man!' And so it was said." Then the command will be given and he will be dragged on his face until he is thrown into the Fire. There will also be a man who studied knowledge and taught it and recited the Qur'an. He will be brought and informed of his blessings which he will acknowledge. Allah will say, "What did you do with them?" He will say, "I studied knowledge and taught it and I recited the Qur'an for You." He will say, "You lie. Rather you studied so that it would be said, 'A scholar!' and you recited so that it would be said, 'He is a reciter!' And so it was said." Then the command will be given and he will be dragged on his face until he is thrown into the Fire. There will also be a man to whom Allah gave a lot of wealth and all sorts of property. He will be brought and informed of his blessings which he will acknowledge. Allah will say, "What did you do with them?" He will say, "There was no path in which You like spending to be done but that I spent in it for You." He will say, "You lie. Rather you did it so that it would be said, 'He is generous.' and so it was said." Then the command will be given and he will be dragged on his face until he is thrown into the Fire.'" [Muslim]

1618. Ibn 'Umar stated that some people said to him, "We visit our sultans and speak differently to them than we do when we leave them." Ibn 'Umar said, "In the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, we used to consider this hypocrisy." [al-Bukhari]

1619. Jundub ibn 'Abdullah ibn Sufyan said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever wants his action to be known, Allah will make him known [i.e. on the Day of Rising], and whoever wants to be seen, Allah will make him seen [then]." [Agreed upon]

1620. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who learns knowledge which should be learned for the sake of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, only to obtain by it goods of this world, will not experience the scent of the Garden on the Day of Rising." [Abu Dawud]