On the prohibition against abusing a Muslim without cause

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

266. Chapter: On the prohibition against abusing a Muslim without cause

Allah Almighty says, "And those who abuse believing men and woman, when they have not merited it, bear the weight of slander and clear wrongdoing." (33:58)

1559. Ibn Mas'ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Insulting a Muslim is going off the path (fusuq) and killing him is disbelief." [Agreed upon]

1560. Abu Dharr stated that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "A man does not accuse another man of iniquity [fisq] or disbelief without that reverting to him if the other man does not have what is imputed to him." [al-Bukhari]

1561. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If people insult one another, the sin of what they say falls exclusively on the one of them who initiated it unless the one wronged exceeds the bounds." [Muslim]

1562. Abu Hurayra said, "A man who had drunk wine was brought to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'Beat him.'" Abu Hurayra said, "Some of us beat him with their hands and some beat him with sandals and some beat him with their garments. One of the people said, 'May Allah disgrace you!' He said, 'Do not say that. Do not help Shaytan with him.'". [al-Bukhari]

1563. Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Anyone who falsely accuses his slave of fornication, will have the hadd-punishment carried out on him on the Day of Rising if the case is not as he said it was." [Agreed upon]