On the excellence of supplication

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

250. Chapter: On the excellence of supplication

Allah says, "And your Lord says, 'Call on Me: and I will answer you,'" (40:60) and He says, "Call on your Lord humbly and secretly. He does not love those who overstep the limits." (W7:54; H7:55)

He says, "If My slaves ask you about Me, I am near. I answer the call of the caller when he calls on Me," (W2:185; H2:186)

and the Almighty says, "He Who responds to the oppressed when they call on Him and removes their distress." (W2:64; H27:62)

1465. An-Nu'man ibn Bashir reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Supplication is worship itself." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1466. 'A'isha reported said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to prefer comprehensive supplications and abandoned other kinds." [Abu Dawud]

1467. Anas said, "A frequent supplication of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was, 'O Allah! Give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and safeguard us from the punishment of the Fire.' (W2:199: H2:201)" [Agreed upon]

1468. Ibn Mas'ud reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, "O Allah, I ask You for guidance, fearful awareness, chastity and self-sufficiency." [Muslim]

1469. Tariq ibn Ashyam said, "When a man became Muslim, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, taught him the prayer and then commanded him to make supplication with these words, 'O Allah, forgive me and show mercy to me. Guide me, give me well being and provide for me.'" [Muslim]

In a variant of his from Tariq is that he heard the Prophet when a man came to him and said, "Messenger of Allah, what do I say when I ask of my Lord?" He said, "Say, 'O Allah, forgive me and show mercy to me. Give me well being and provide for me.' These words are sufficient for you for this world and the Next."

1470. 'Abdullah ibn Amr ibn al-'As reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "O Allah who turns the hearts, turn our hearts to obedience to You." [Muslim]

1471. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Seek refuge with Allah from severe trials, lasting distress, an evil destiny and the curses of enemies." [Agreed upon]

In a variant, "Sufyan said, 'I am not sure whether I myself added one of them.'"

1472. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, 'O Allah, put right for me my deen in which lies the protection of my affair and put right for me this world in which lies my livelihood and put right for me the Next World in which is my future. Make life increase in every good thing for me and make death a rest for me from every evil thing.'" [Muslim]

1473. 'Ali said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, 'Say: 'O Allah, guide me and put me right.'" [Muslim]

1474. Anas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, 'O Allah, I seek refuge with You from incapacity, laziness, cowardice, senility and miserliness. I seek refuge with You from the punishment of the grave and I seek refuge with You from the trials of life and death.'" [Muslim]

One variant has, "From heavy debts and the oppression of men.".

1475. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq reported that he said to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Teach me a supplication which I can make in my prayer." He said, "Say: 'O Allah, I have wronged myself a great deal and none forgives wrong actions except You, so grant me Your forgiveness and be merciful to me. You are the Ever-Forgiving, the All-Merciful." [Agreed upon]

In one variant, "And in my house." It is related as "much wronged" and "greatly wronged." They should be joined: much and greatly.

1476. Abu Musa reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to supplicate Allah using this supplication, "O Allah, forgive me my error and my ignorance and my extravagance in my affair and what You know of me. O Allah, forgive me my seriousness, my jest, my inadvertence and my deliberateness. All of that is with You. O Allah, forgive me my past and future wrong actions, what I conceal and what I make public and what You know of me. You are the One who advances and defers. You have power over everything." [Agreed upon]

1477. 'A'isha said, "One of the supplications of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was, 'O Allah, I seek refuge with you from the evil of what I have done and the evil of what I have left undone.'" [Muslim]

1478. Ibn 'Umar reported that one of the supplications of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was, "O Allah, I seek refuge with you from Your blessing to me vanishing and Your gift of well-being being altered and the sudden arrival of Your revenge and all Your anger." [Muslim]

1479. Zayd ibn Arqam said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, 'O Allah, I seek refuge with You from incapacity, laziness, miserliness, senility and the punishment of the grave. O Allah, give my soul Godfearing and purify it. You are the best of those who purify. You are its Master and Guardian. O Allah, I seek refuge with You from knowledge which does not bring benefit and from a heart which is not fearful and from a self which is not content and from a supplication which is not answered.'" [Muslim]

1480. Ibn 'Abbas stated that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, "O Allah, I have submitted myself to You and I have believed in You. In You I have put my trust and to You I turn. I argue by You and take You as arbitrator. Forgive me my past and future wrong actions and what I keep secret and what I make known. You are the One who puts forward and defers. There is no god but You."

Some of the transmitters add, "There is no power nor strength except by Allah." [Agreed upon]

1481. 'A'isha reported that the Prophet used to make supplication with these words, "O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the trial of the Fire and the punishment of the Fire and from the evil of wealth and poverty." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1482. Ziyad ibn 'Ilaqa reported from his uncle, Qutba ibn Malik, that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "O Allah, I seek refuge with you from disliked things in respect of character, actions and erroneous opinions." [at-Tirmidhi]

1483. Shakal ibn Humayd said, "I said, 'Messenger of Allah, teach me a supplication,' He said, 'Say: "O Allah, I seek refuge with You from the evil of my hearing, the evil of my sight, from the evil of my tongue, from the evil of my heart and from the evil of my private parts."'" [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1484. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, "O Allah, I seek refuge with You from white leprosy, madness, leprosy and all evil defects." [Abu Dawud]

1485. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to say, "O Allah, I seek refuge with You from hunger. It is a bad bed-fellow. I seek refuge with You from treachery. It is an evil inward characteristic." [Abu Dawud]

1486. 'Ali reported that a slave with a contract to buy his freedom came to him and said, "I am unable to fulfil my freedom-contract. Please help me. He said, 'Shall I teach you some words which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, taught me? Even if you had a debt the size of a mountain, Allah would pay it for you. Say: "O Allah, give me enough of You have made lawful to suffice me from what You have made unlawful, and enrich me by Your bounty giving me independence from all other than You."'" [at-Tirmidhi]

1487. 'Imran ibn al-Husayn reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, taught his father Husayn two phrases which he used when supplicating: "O Allah, inspire me to be rightly guided and protect me from the evil of myself." [at-Tirmidhi]

1488. Al-'Abbas ibn 'Abdu'l-Muttalib said, "I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, teach me something I can ask of Allah Almighty.' He said, 'Ask Allah for well-being.' I stayed away some days and then I came again and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, teach me something I can ask of Allah Almighty.' He said to me, 'O 'Abbas, O uncle of the Messenger of Allah, ask Allah for well-being in this world and in the Next.'" [at-Tirmidhi]

1489. Shahr ibn Hawshab said, "I said to Umm Salama, 'O Mother of the believers! What was the most frequent supplication of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he was with you?' She said, 'His most frequent supplication was, "O Turner of the hearts, make my heart firm in Your deen!"'" [at-Tirmidhi]

1490. Abu'd-Darda' reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "One of the supplications of Da'ud, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,was, 'O Allah, I ask You for Your love and love for those who love You and for actions which will bring Your love to me. O Allah, make Your love more beloved to me than myself, my family and cold water.'" [at-Tirmidhi]

1491. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Keep reciting 'O Possessor of Majesty and Nobility.'" [at-Tirmidhi, and an-Nasa'i related it from Rabi'a ibn 'Amir]]

1492. Umama said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made many supplications which we did not remember at all. We said, 'Messenger of Allah, you have made many supplications which we do not remember at all.' He said, 'Shall I tell something which will contain all of them for you? You should say. "O Allah, I ask You for the good for which Your Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked You and I seek refuge from the evil from which Your Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sought refuge. You are the One who is asked for help and it is only You who can transmit it. There is no power nor strength except by Allah."'" [at-Tirmidhi]

1493. Ibn Mas'ud said, "One of the supplications of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was, 'O Allah, I ask You for what makes Your mercy mandatory and for what brings about Your forgiveness and for safety from every sin and for booty from every act of piety and for the triumph of gaining the Garden and for safety from the Fire.'" [al-Hakim]