On the clarification of those who are martyrs in respect of the reward of the Next World

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

235. Chapter: On the clarification of those who are martyrs in respect of the reward of the Next World, but who are washed and prayed over, which is the not the case with those killed fighting the unbelievers

1353. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There are five categories of martyr: someone killed by the plague, someone killed by an abdominal disease, someone who drowns, someone who is killed by a collapsing building and the martyr killed fighting in the way of Allah." [Agreed upon]

1354. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whom do you consider to be the martyrs among you." They said, "Messenger of Allah, anyone who is killed in the way of Allah is a martyr." He said, "The martyrs among my people will then be few." They said, "Then who are they, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Anyone who is killed in the way of Allah is a martyr. Anyone who dies in the way of Allah is a martyr. Anyone who dies of the plague is a martyr. Anyone who dies of a stomach illness is a martyr. Anyone who drowns is a martyr." [Muslim]

1355. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Anyone who is killed defending his property is a martyr.'" [Agreed upon]

1356. Abu'l-A'war Sa'id ibn Zayd ibn 'Amr ibn Nufayl, one of the ten who were promised the Garden, who said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Anyone who is killed defending his property is a martyr. Anyone who is killed defending his life is a martyr. Anyone who is killed defending his deen is a martyr. Anyone who is killed defending his family is a martyr." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1357. Abu Hurayra said, "A man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, what is your opinion about a man who comes wanting to seize my property?' He said, 'Do not give him your property.' He said, 'What is your opinion if he fights me?' He said, 'Then fight him.' He said, 'What is your opinion if he kills me?' He said, 'Then you will be a martyr.' He said, 'What is your opinion if I kill him?' He said, 'Then he will be in the Fire.'" [Muslim]