On encouraging performance of the Witr prayer and clarification that it is confirmed

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

205. Chapter: On encouraging performance of the Witr prayer and clarification that it is confirmed, and making its time clear

1132. 'Ali said, "The witr is not an obligation like the prescribed prayer, but it is the sunna of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, 'Allah is single (witr) and loves odd numbers, so do the witr, people of the Qur'an.'"[Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1133. 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did the witr at all times of the night, at the beginning of the night, its middle and its end. The latest time he did his witr was just before dawn.'" [Agreed upon]

1134. Ibn 'Umar reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Make the witr the last of your prayers at night."[Agreed upon]

1135. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do the witr before you do Subh." [Muslim]

1136. 'A'isha reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray at night when she was in front of him. When only the witr remained to do, he would wake her up to do the witr." [Muslim]

In one variant, "When only the witr remained to do, he said, 'Get up and do the witr, 'A'isha.'"

1137. Ibn 'Umar reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Set out to the Subh prayer with the witr done." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1138. Jabir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who is afraid that he will not get up at the end of the night should do his witr at its beginning. Anyone who intends to get up at the end of night, should do the witr at its end. The prayer at the end of the night is witnessed, and that is the best." [Muslim]