On the sunna of Dhuhr

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

199. Chapter: On the sunna of Dhuhr

1113. Ibn 'Umar said, "I prayed with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, two rak'ats before Dhuhr and two rak'ats after it." [Agreed upon]

1114. 'A'isha reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not fail to pray four rak'ats before Dhuhr." [al-Bukhari]

1115. 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray four rak'ats in my house before Dhuhr and then go out and lead the people in prayer. Then he would come in and pray two rak'ats. He would lead the people in the Maghrib prayer and then enter and pray two rak'ats. He would lead the people in the 'Isha' prayer and then enter my house and pray two rak'ats." [Muslim]

1116. Umm Habiba reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah will make unlawful for the Fire anyone who maintains the practice of the four rak'ats before Dhuhr and the four after it." [Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

1117. 'Abdullah ibn as-Sa'ib reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray four rak'ats when the sun began to descend before the Dhuhr prayer. He said, 'It is an hour in which the gates of heaven are opened and I want a righteous action to ascend for me in it.'" [at-Tirmidhi]

1118. 'A'isha reported that when the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not pray four rak'ats before Dhuhr, he would pray them after it. [at-Tirmidhi]