On the Subh and 'Asr prayers

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

188. Chapter: On the Subh and 'Asr prayers

1047. Abu Musa reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever prays the two cool ones will enter the Garden." [Agreed upon]

1048. Abu Zuhayr 'Umara ibn Ruwayba said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'No one who used to pray before the rising of the sun and before its setting will enter the Fire," meaning Fajr and 'Asr." [Muslim]

1049. Jundub ibn Sufyan reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who prays the Subh prayer is in Allah's keeping. O son of Adam, watch out that Allah does not demand from you anything that is in His keeping." [Muslim]

1050. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There are angels which take turns in being with you in the night and other angels in the day and they meet together at the prayers of Fajr and 'Asr. Then the ones who were with you during the night ascend and Allah asks them - although He knows better than they do - 'How were My slaves when you left them?' They say, 'When we left them they were praying and when we came to them, they were praying.'" [Agreed upon]

1051. Jarir ibn 'Abdullah al-Bajali said, "We were with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he looked at the full moon on the night of Badr and said, 'You will see your Lord as you see this moon and you will not be harmed by seeing Him. If you can manage not to be overwhelmed to the point of missing the prayer before the sun rises and before it sets, don't be.'" [Agreed upon]

1052. Burayda reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone misses the prayer of 'Asr , his actions will come to nothing."[al-Bukhari]