On the recommendation to convey good news and congratulate people

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

95. Chapter: On the recommendation to convey good news and congratulate people

Allah Almighty says, "So give good news to My slaves. Those who listen well to what is said and follow the best of it," (W39:16-17; H39:17-18)

and the Almighty says, "Their Lord gives them the good news of His mercy and good pleasure and Gardens where they will enjoy everlasting delight" (9:21)

The Almighty says, "Rejoice in the Garden you have been promised," (W41:29; H41:30)

and the Almighty says, "We gave him the good news of a forbearing boy." (37:101)

The Almighty says, "Our messengers brought the good news to Ibrahim," (W11:68; H11:69)

and the Almighty says, "His wife was standing there and laughed. So We gave her the good news of Ishaq, and beyond Ishaq, Ya'qub." (W11:70; H11:71)

The Almighty says, "The angels called out to him while he was standing in prayer in the Upper Room: 'Allah gives you the good news of Yahya'," (W3:38; H3:39)

and the Almighty says, "When the angels said, 'Maryam, Your Lord gives you the good news of a Word from Him. His name is the Messiah, 'Isa, son of Maryam.'" (3:45)

708. Abu Ibrahim, and it is said Abu Muhammad or Abu Mu'awiya, 'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave Khadija the good news of a house of pearls in the Garden, in which there is no shouting and no fatigue." [Agreed upon]

709. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari did wudu' in his house and then went out and said, "I will stay close to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and be with him on this day." He went to the mosque and asked where the Prophet was and they said, "He went there." He said, "I followed after him asking about him until he entered the Well of Aris. I sat at the gate until the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had finished and was doing wudu'. I went up to him and he was sitting at the Well of Aris on the middle of the rim with his legs dangling into the well. I greeted him and then went and sat at the gate. I said, 'I will be the doorkeeper of the Messenger of Allah today.' Abu Bakr came and knocked at the door. I said, 'Who is it?' He said, 'Abu Bakr.' I said, 'Hold on!' I went and said, 'Messenger of Allah, it is Abu Bakr asking permission to come in.' He said, 'Let him in and give him the good news of the Garden.' I went and said to Abu Bakr, 'Enter and the Messenger of Allah gives you the good news of the Garden.' Abu Bakr went in and sat at the right side of the Prophet on the rim and dangled his feet in the well as the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had done, uncovering his legs. Then I went back and sat down. I had left my brother at home doing wudu' intending to join me. I said, 'If Allah desires good for someone' - meaning his brother - 'He will bring him.' Then a man moved the gate and I said, 'Who is it?' He said, ''Umar ibn al-Khattab.' I said, 'Hold on!' Then I went to the Messenger of Allah and greeted him and said, 'It is 'Umar asking permission to come in.' He said, 'Let him in and give him the good news of the Garden.' I went to 'Umar and said, 'Enter and the Messenger of Allah gives you the good news of the Garden.' 'Umar went in and sat at the left side of the Prophet on the rim and dangled his feet in the well like the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Then I went back and sat down. I said, 'If Allah desires good for someone' - meaning his brother - 'He will bring him.' Then a man moved the gate and I said, 'Who is it?' He said, ''Uthman ibn 'Affan.' I said, 'Hold on!' Then I went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him. He said, 'Let him in and give him the good news of the Garden as well as an affliction which will befall him.' I came and said, 'Enter and the Messenger of Allah gives you the good news of the Garden as well as an affliction which will befall you.' He entered and found the rim fully occupied, so he sat opposite them on the other side." Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said, "I interpreted it as their graves." [Agreed upon]

There is an addition in a variant, "The Messenger of Allah commanded me to guard the door." Also, "When 'Uthman was given the good news, he praised Allah Almighty and then said, 'Allah is the One who is asked for help.'"

710. Abu Hurayra said, "We were sitting around the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr and 'Umar were among us in a group and the Messenger of Allah rose up from among us and was slow in coming back to us and we were afraid that something had happened to him while he was not with us. We were alarmed and got up. I was the first to be alarmed and I went out to look for the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I came upon him in a garden belonging to the Ansar belonging to the Banu'n-Najjar. I walked round it to see if I could find its door but I did not find it. There was a brook which flowed into the garden from a well outside it. A brook is a small stream and I crawled along it and got inside to where the Messenger of Allah was. He said, 'Abu Hurayra?' I said, 'Yes, Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'What are you doing?' I said, 'You were among us and then you got up and were slow coming back to us and we were afraid that something had happened to you and became alarmed. I was the first to be alarmed and I came to this garden and crawled along like a fox does. The others are behind me.' He said, 'Abu Hurayra!' and he gave me his sandals. He said, 'Take these two sandals of mine and give the good news of the Garden to whoever you meet in front of this garden who testifies that "There is no god but Allah", his heart being certain of it.'" He mentioned the full hadith. [Muslim]

711. Shamasa said, "We were with 'Amr ibn al-'As when he was near to death. He wept for a long time and turned his face to the wall. His son began to say, 'Father, did not the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, give you the good news of that? Did not the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, give you the good news of that?' He turned his face and said, 'The best we can prepare is the testimony of "There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah." I have been through three stages. I remember when there was no one with greater enmity for the Messenger of Allah,may Allah bless him and grant him peace, than I and I wanted nothing more than to have power over him so I could kill him. If I had died in that state, I would have been one of the people of the Fire. When Allah put Islam into my heart, I came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Extend your right hand so that I can offer you allegiance.' He stretched out his right hand and I withdrew my hand. He said, 'What is wrong, 'Amr?' I said, 'I want to make a condition.' He said, 'What is your condition?' I said, 'That I be forgiven.' He said, 'Do you not know that Islam wipes out everything before it and that emigration wipes out everything before it and that the pilgrimage wipes out everything before it?' There was no one I loved more than the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and no one was more esteemed in my eyes than him. I could not look him full in the face out of respect for him. If I were to be asked to describe him, I would not be able to because I could not look him full in the face. If I had died in that state, I hope that I would have been one of the people of the Garden. Then we were put in charge of things and I do not know what my state is in respect of them. When I die, no female mourner nor fire should accompany me. When you bury me, then throw the earth over me gently. Then stand around my grave for as long as it takes to slaughter a camel and divide its meat so that I can be comforted by you and see what answer I should make to the messengers of my Lord." [Muslim]