Hope

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

51. Chapter: On Hope

Allah Almighty says, "Say: 'My slaves, you who have transgressed against yourselves, do not despair of the mercy of Allah. Truly Allah forgives all wrong actions. He is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful," (W39:50; H39:53) and the Almighty says, "Are any but the ungrateful repaid like this?" (34:17)

The Almighty says, "It has been revealed to us that punishment is for him who denies the truth and and turns away," (W20:47; H20:48)

and the Almighty says, "My Mercy extends to all things." (7:156)

412. 'Ubada ibn as-Samit reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever testifies that there is no god but Allah alone with no partner and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger and that 'Isa is the slave of Allah and His Messenger and a word which He cast into Maryam and a spirit from Him and that the Garden is real and the Fire is real will enter the Garden whatever his actions." [Agreed upom]

In a variant of Muslim, "Allah will make Fire forbidden to anyone who testifies that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah."

413. Abu Dharr reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah the Mighty and Exalted, says, 'Anyone who comes with a good action will have ten like it or more. If anyone comes with a wrong action, the repayment of a wrong action is a wrong action like it or I will forgive him. If anyone approaches Me by a hand-span, I come to him an arm-span. If anyone approaches Me by an arm-span, I come to him two arm spans. If anyone approaches Me walking, I come to him running. If anyone meets Me with mistakes equivalent in weight to the whole earth, having not associated anything with Me, I will meet him with the same amount of forgiveness." [Muslim]

414. Jabir said, "A bedouin came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'Messenger of Allah, what things are obligatory?' He said, 'Anyone who dies without associating anything with Allah will enter the Garden and anyone who dies associating something else with Him will enter the Fire.'" [Muslim]

415. Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was riding with Mu'adh behind him. He said, 'Mu'adh!' He replied, 'At your service, Messenger of Allah.' He said, 'Mu'adh!' He replied, 'At your service, Messenger of Allah' three times. Then the Prophet said, 'There is no one who testifies that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, sincerely from his heart, without Allah making it unlawful for the Fire to touch him.' Mu'adh said, 'Messenger of Allah, shall I tell the people that so that they can rejoice?' He said, 'Then they will rely on it.' Mu'adh related it when he was dying, fearing to commit a wrong action [by concealing the knowledge]." [Agreed upon]

416. Abu Hurayra or Abu Sa'id al-Khudri (the transmitter is unsure, but doubt does not detract from the specific Companion since they are all completely sound) said, "On the Tabuk expedition, the people were suffering from hunger and said, 'Messenger of Allah. if you were to permit us to do it, we would slaughter our camels and eat them and use their fat.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Do it.' 'Umar came and said, 'Messenger of Allah, if you do this, there will be few backs to carry us. Rather ask them to bring what is left of their provisions and then pray to Allah over them for blessing for them. Perhaps Allah will put blessing into them.' The Messenger of Allah said, 'Yes.' He called for a leather mat and spread it out and then he called for their left-over provisions. One man would bring a handful of millet and another would bring a handful of dates and another would bring a piece of bread until a few things like that were gathered on the mat. Then the Messenger of Allah made supplication for blessing and said, 'Put it in your containers.' They put it in their containers until every container in the army was full. They ate until they were satisfied and there was still some left over. The Messenger of Allah said, 'I testify that there is no god but Allah and that I am the Messenger of Allah. No slave who meets Allah with these two, without doubting them, will be veiled from the Garden.'" [Muslim]

417. 'Itban ibn Malik, one of those who were present at Badr, said, "I used to lead my people, the Banu Salim, in the prayer, but when the rains came, a river used to come between me and them. It was hard for me to cross to their mosque, so I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said to him, 'My eyesight is weak and when it rains, the water flows in the river bed between me and my people so that it is hard for me to cross it. I would very much like you to come and pray in my house so that I can make it a prayer-place." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him "I will do that.' The following day when the sun was well up, the Messenger of Allah and Abu Bakr came and the Messenger of Allah asked for permission to enter and I gave him permission. He did not sit down but said, "Where in your house would you like me to pray?" I indicated to him the place where I liked to prayer. The Messenger of Allah stood and said the takbir, and we formed rows behind him. He prayed two rak'ats and then said the taslim. We said the taslim when he said it. I persuaded him to eat a dish of khazira which had been prepared for him. Quite a number of men from our clan had gathered in the house and one man said, 'What has happened to Malik? I do not see him.' Another man said, 'That man is a hypocrite who does not love Allah and His Messenger.' The Messenger of Allah said, 'Do not say that. Do you not see that he has said, "There is no god but Allah," desiring by that only the face of Allah?' The man said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best. By Allah, we have only seen that his love and speech is for the hypocrites.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Allah has forbidden the Fire for anyone who says "There is no god but Allah" desiring by that the face of Allah.'" [Agreed upon]

Khazira is flour cooked with fat.

418. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought some captives and there was a woman among them who was running about. When she found a child among the captives, she took it and brought it close to her and suckled it. The Messenger of Allah said, 'Can you imagine this woman casting her child into the Fire?' We said, 'No, by Allah.' He said, 'Allah is more merciful to His slaves than this woman is to her child.'" [Agreed upon]

419. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When Allah created creation, He wrote in a book which is with Him above the Throne, 'My mercy predominates over My anger.'"

In one variant, "Predominated over My anger," and in one variant, "preceded My anger." [Agreed upon]

420. Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah say, 'Allah divided mercy into a hundred parts and He kept back ninety-nine parts with Himself and left one part on the earth. It is from this part that creatures show mercy to one another so that an animal lifts its hoof from its young fearing to hurt them.'"

In one variant, "Allah Almighty has a hundred mercies out of which He sent down one mercy among jinn, men, beasts and insects by which they show affection to one another and by which they show mercy to one another and by which wild animals show mercy to their young. Allah Almighty has held back ninety-nine of the mercies and will show them to His slaves on the Day of Rising." [Agreed upon]

Muslim also related it from Salman al-Farisi who said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah Almighty has a hundred mercies. One of them is the mercy by which creatures show mercy to one another, and ninety-nine are for the Day of Rising."

In one variant, "On the day He created the heavens and the earth, Allah Almighty created a hundred mercies, each mercy equal to what is between the heaven and the earth, and He put one mercy on the earth by which a mother has compassion for her child and wild animals and birds for each other. On the Day of Rising, He will perfect them with this mercy.

421. Abu Hurayra reported from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in what he relates from his Lord, Blessed and Exalted, who said, "A slave did a wrong action and said, 'O Allah, forgive me my wrong action!' Allah, Blessed and Exalted, said, 'My slave committed a wrong action and then acknowledged that he had a Lord who forgives wrong action and punishes wrong action.' The slave again committed a wrong action and said, 'O Lord, forgive me my wrong action.' Allah, Blessed and Exalted, said, 'My slave committed a wrong action and then acknowledged that he had a Lord who forgives wrong action and punishes wrong action.' The slave again committed a wrong action and said, 'O Lord, forgive me my wrong action.' Allah, Blessed and Exalted, said, 'My slave committed a wrong action and then acknowledged that he had a Lord who forgives wrong action and punishes wrong action. I have forgiven My slave so let him do what he likes.'" [Agreed upon]

"Let him do what he likes" means as long as he does this. He commits a wrong action and repents and I forgive him. Repentance wipes out what is before it."

422. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "By the One in whose hand my life is, if you had not sinned, Allah would have removed you and brought other people who did commit wrong actions and asked for the forgiveness of Allah Almighty so that He could forgive them." [Muslim]

423. Abu Ayyub Khalid ibn Zayd said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'If you had not sinned, Allah would have created other creatures who did sin and ask forgiveness so He could forgive them.'" [Muslim]

424. Abu Hurayra said, "We were sitting waiting for the Messenger of Allah, and Abu Bakr and 'Umar and some others were with us. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up from among us and then was slow in returning to us and we were afraid that something had happened to him while he was not with us. We were alarmed and got up. I was the first to be alarmed and I went out to look for the Messenger of Allah and I came upon him in a garden belonging to the Ansar" ­ and he mentioned the hadith in its entirety until he said ­ "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Go and give the good news of the Garden to whoever you meet in front of this garden who testifies that "There is no god but Allah", his heart being certain of it.'" [Muslim]

425. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recited the words of Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, about Ibrahim, peace be upon him, "My Lord! They have misguided many of mankind. If anyone follows me, he is with me" (W14:38; H14:37) and the words of 'Isa, peace be upon him, "If You punish them, they are Your slaves. If You forgive them, You are the Almighty, the All-Wise." (W5:120; H5:119) Then he raised his hands and said, "O Allah! My community! My community!" and he wept. Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, said, "Jibril! Go to Muhammad, and your Lord knows best, and ask him what is making him weep." Jibril came to him and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him what he had said, and Allah knew it best. Allah Almighty said, "Jibril, Go to Muhammad and say, 'We will make you happy in respect of your community and we will not make you sad.'" [Muslim]

426. Mu'adh ibn Jabal said, "I was riding behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on a donkey. He asked, 'Mu'adh, do you know what is Allah's right on His slaves and the right of the slaves on Allah?' I replied, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He said, 'Allah's right on His slaves is that they should worship Him and not associate anything with Him. The slaves' right on Allah is that He will not punish anyone who does not associate anything with Him.' I said, 'Messenger of Allah, shall I tell the people that so that they can rejoice?' He said, 'Then they will rely on it.'" [Agreed upon]

427. Al-Bara' ibn 'Azib reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, aid, "When a Muslim is questioned in the grave, he should testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. That is by the words of the Almighty, 'Allah makes those who believe, firm with the Firm Word in the life of this world and in the Hereafter.'" (W14:29; H14:28). [Agreed upon]

428. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When an unbeliever does a good deed, he enjoys its fruits in this world. In the case of a believer, Allah Almighty will store up his good deeds for him in the Next world and will also reward him with provision in this world because of his obedience."

In one variant, "Allah will not wrong a believer in respect of any good deed - he gives to him on account it in this world and he rewards him for it in the Next world. The unbeliever enjoys all the fruits of any good deeds he does for Allah Almighty in this world so that when he passes to the Next world, he had no good deeds left for which to be repaid." [Muslim]

429. Jabir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The metaphor of the five prayers is that of an sizeable flowing river at the door of one of you in which he washes five times every day." [Muslim]

430. Ibn 'Abbas said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'If forty men, who do not associate anything with Allah, stand at the grave of any Muslim man who dies, He allows them to intercede on his behalf." [Muslim]

431. Ibn Mas'ud said, "There were about forty of us with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in a tent and he said, 'Would you be content to be a quarter of the people of the Garden?' We said, 'Yes.' He said, 'Would you be content to be a third of the people of the Garden?' We said, 'Yes.' He said, 'By the One who has the soul of Muhammad in His hand, I hope that you will be half of the people of the Garden. That is because only a submitting soul enters the Garden, and compared the people of idolatry, you are only like a white hair on the hide of a black ox, or like a black hair on the hide of a red ox.'" [Agreed upon]

432. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "On the Day of Rising, Allah will hand over a Jew or a Christian to every Muslim and say, 'Here is your redemption from the Fire." [Muslim]

In another variant from him is that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Some of the Muslims will be brought on the Day of Rising with sins the size of mountains and Allah will forgive them."

433. Ibn 'Umar said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'On the Day of Rising, a believer will be brought near his Lord until His mercy descends on him and He will ask him to acknowledge his sins and say, 'Do you confess to such-and-such a sin? Do you confess to such-and-such a sin?' He will say, 'Lord, I confess.' He will say, 'I veiled it for you in the world and I forgive you for it today,' and he will be given the page of his good actions." [Agreed upon]

434. Ibn Mas'ud reported that a man received a kiss from a woman and went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him and then Allah Almighty sent down, "Establish the prayers at each end of the day and in the first part of the night. Good actions eradicate bad actions." (11:114) The man said, "Is this for me, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "It is for all my community." [Agreed upon]

435. Anas said, "A man came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, 'O Messenger of Allah, I have incurred a hadd-punishment, so carry it out on me.' It was time for the prayer, so he prayed with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When the prayer was finished, he said, 'O Messenger of Allah, I have incurred a hadd-punishment, so carry out the prescription of Allah on me.' He said, "Were you present at the prayer with us?" He said, "Yes." He said, "You have been forgiven." [Agreed upon]

436. Anas reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah is pleased with the slave who eats some food and then praises Him for it, or drinks a drink and then praises Him for it." [Muslim]

437. Abu Musa reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah Almighty will stretch out His hand during the night, turning towards the one who did wrong during the day, and stretch out His hand during the day, turning towards the one who did wrong during the night, until the day the sun rises from the place it set." [Muslim]

438. Abu Najih 'Amr ibn 'Abasa as-Salami said, "In the time of Jahiliyya, I used to think that people were astray and did not have anything, since they were worshipping idols. Then I heard of a man in Makka who was saying certain things. I seated myself on my mount and went to him. It was the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who was keeping out of sight as his people were being insolent to him. I proceeded in a friendly manner until I managed to visit him in Makka and said to him, 'What are you?' He said, 'I am a Prophet.' I said, 'And what is a Prophet?' He said, 'Allah has sent me.' I said, 'And what has He sent you with?' He said, 'He has sent me with the task of maintaining ties of kinship, breaking idols and to say that Allah should be proclaimed one and that nothing should be associated with him.' I said, 'Who is with you in this?' He said, 'A free man and a slave.' At that time, Abu Bakr and Bilal were with him. I said, 'I will follow you.' He said, 'You will not be able to do that at this present time. Do you not see my state and the state of the people? Rather return to your people. When you hear that I have prevailed, then come to me.'"

He said, "I went to my people, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to Madina during the time that I was with them. I began to ask for news and question people when he reached Madina until a group of the people of Madina came. I said, 'What has this man done who has come to Madina?' They said, 'People hasten to him. However his own people want to kill him, but they are unable to do so.' So I went to Madina and went into him and said, 'Messenger of Allah, do you recognise me?' He said, 'Yes, you are the one who met me in Makka.'" He said, "I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, tell me some of what Allah has told you and about which I am ignorant. Tell me about the prayer.' He said, 'Pray the Subh prayer and then refrain from prayer until the sun has risen the height of a spear-shaft. It rises between the horns of shaytan and it is at that time that the unbelievers prostrate to it. Then pray, and that prayer is witnessed and attended, until the spear no longer has a shadow. Then refrain from prayer. It is at that time that Hellfire is stoked up. When the shade comes, then pray, and the prayer is witnessed and attended, until you have prayed the 'Asr prayer. Then refrain from the prayer until the sun sets. It sets between the horns of shaytan and at that time the unbelievers prostrate to it.'"

He said, 'I said, 'O Prophet of Allah, tell me about wudu'.' He said, 'There is no man among you who is brought his wudu' water and rinses his mouth and sniffs up water and blows it out without the errors of his face and mouth and nose falling away. Then when he washes his face as Allah has commanded the errors of his face fall away with the water from the end of his beard. Then when he washes his hands to the elbows the errors of his hands fall away from the ends of his fingers with the water. Then he wipes his head and the errors of his head fall away from the ends of his hair with the water. Then he washes his feet to the ankles and the errors of his feet fall away from his toes with the water. If he stands up and prays and praises Allah Almighty and lauds Him and glorifies Him in the way that He deserves and devotes his heart to Allah Almighty and he abandons his error he will be as he was on the day his mother bore him.'"

'Amr ibn 'Abasa related this hadith to Abu Umama, the Companion of the Messenger of Allah and Abu Umama said to him, "'Amr ibn 'Abasa! Take care about saying at one time so much about what a man is given." 'Amr said, "Abu Umama, I am old and my bones are weak and my end is near and I have no need to ascribe a lie to Allah Almighty nor to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. If I had only heard it from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, once, twice, three times - until he counted seven times - I would never have related it. But I heard it from him more times than that." [Muslim]

439. Abu Musa al-Ash'ari reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When Allah Almighty desires mercy for a nation, he takes its Prophet before it and makes him a predecessor of it and a forerunner before it, When he wants to destroy a nation, He punishes them while their Prophet is still alive. He destroys it while he is alive and looking on and his eye is delighted by its destruction because they denied him and disobeyed his command." [Muslim]