Fear

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

50. Chapter: On Fear

Allah Almighty says, "Have taqwa of Me alone," (2:40)

and the Almighty says, "Your Lord's assault is very fierce indeed." (85:12)

The Almighty says, "Such is the seizing of your Lord when He seizes the cities which do wrong. His seizing is painful, violent. There is certainly a Sign in that for anyone who fears the punishment of the Next World. That is a Day to which mankind will all be gathered. That is a Day which will be witnessed by everyone. We will only postpone it to a predetermined time. On the day He comes, no self will speak except by His permission. Some of them will be wretched and others glad. As for those who are wretched, they will be in the Fire, where they will sigh and moan." (11: 102-106)

The Almighty says, "But Allah advises you to be afraid of Him," (3:28)

and the Almighty says, "The Day a man will flee from his brother and his mother and his father, and his wife and his children: that Day every man among them will have concerns enough of his own." (80:34-37)

The Almighty says, "O mankind, show fear of your Lord! The quaking of the Hour is a terrible thing. On the day they see it, every nursing woman will be oblivious of the baby at her breast, and every pregnant woman will abort the contents of her womb, and you will think people drunk when they are not drunk; it is just that the punishment of Allah is so severe." (22:1-2)

The Almighty says, "For him who fears the Station of his Lord there are two Gardens," (W55:45; H55:46) etc.

and the Almighty says, "Some of them will come up to others, questioning each other. They will say, 'Beforehand we used live in fear among our families. But Allah was gracious to us and safeguarded us from the punishment of the searing wind. Beforehand we certainly used to call on Him because He is the All-Good, the Most Merciful.'" (W:52-23-26; H52:25-28)

The ayats concerning this subject are numerous and well-known. The intention of pointing some of them out has been achieved.

396. Ibn Mas'ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who is the truthful confirmed one, related, "The way that each of you is created is that you are gathered in your mother's womb for forty days as a sperm-drop and then for a similar length of time as a blood-clot and then for a similar length of time as a lump of flesh. Then an angel is sent and he breathes the spirit into you and is encharged with four commandments: to write down your provision, your life-span, your actions, and whether you will be wretched or happy. By Him, apart from Whom there is no god, one of you can do the actions of someone destined for the Garden until there is only an armspan between him and it, and then what is written will overtake him and he will do the actions of someone destined for the Fire and enter it. And one of you can do the actions of someone destined for the Fire until there is only an armspan between him and it, and then what is written will overtake him and he will do the actions of someone destined for the Garden and enter it." [Agreed upon]

397. Ibn Mas'ud reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Jahannam will be brought forth on that day with seventy thousand thongs and each thong will have seventy thousand angels pulling it." [Muslim]

398. An-Nu'man ibn Bashir said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'The least punishment of the people of the Fire on the Day of Rising will be that a man has two embers placed on the soles of his feet which will make his brains boil. He will think himself the person with the worst punishment, even though he is the one with the least punishment.'" [Agreed upon]

399. Samura ibn Jundub reported that the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Fire will engulf some of them up to the ankles, and some of them up to the knees, and some of them up to the waist and some of them up to the neck." [Muslim]

400. Ibn 'Umar reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "People will stand before the Lord of the worlds until some of them are immersed in sweat up to the middle of their ears." [Agreed upon]

401. Anas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, addressed us in a speech the like of which I have never heard. He said, 'If you knew what I know, you would laugh little and weep much.' The Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, covered their faces and sobbed." [Agreed upon]

In one variant, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard something about his Companions and he addressed them, saying, "The Garden and the Fire were shown to me, and I have never seen the like of this day in respect of good and evil. If you knew what I know, you would laugh little and weep much.' A harder day did not come upon the Companions of the Messenger of Allah than that and they covered their faces and sobbed."

402. Al-Miqdad said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'On the Day of Rising, the sun will draw near creatures until it is something like a mile from them. (Sulaym ibn 'Amir ar-Rawi said from al-Miqdad, "By Allah, I do not know what he meant by a mile, whether it is the distance on the earth or the mile which the eye imagines?") People will be immersed in sweat according to their actions. It will be up to the ankles of some of them, and up to the knees of some of them, and up to the waists of some of them, and sweat will completely muzzle some of them,' and the Messenger of Allah, , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pointed with his hand to his mouth." [Muslim]

403. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "On the Day of Rising people will sweat until their sweat sinks seventy cubits into the earth and then it will muzzle them by reaching up to their ears." [Agreed upon]

404. Abu Hurayra said, "We were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when he heard something fall. He said, 'Do you know what it was?' We said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He said, 'It was a stone which was thrown into the Fire seventy years ago and it has been falling in the Fire until now when it reached the bottom and you heard it fall.'" [Muslim]

405. 'Adi ibn Hatim reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is none of you but that his Lord will speak to him without any interpreter between Himself and him. You will look to your right and only see what you sent forward and you will look to your left and only see what you sent forward. You will look in front of you and only see the Fire facing you. So shield yourselves from the Fire, even if only with half a date." [Agreed upon]

406. Abu Dharr reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I see what you do not see and I hear what you do not hear. Heaven moans and it has the right to moan. There is no place in it the width of four fingers without an angel placing his brow on it, prostrating to Allah Almighty. By Allah, if you knew what I know, you would laugh little and weep much and you would not enjoy women on beds and you would go out to the streets seeking the help of Allah Almighty." [at-Tirmidhi]

407. Abu Barza Nadla ibn 'Ubayd al-Aslami reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A slave will remain standing until he is asked about his life and how he spent it, his knowledge and how he acted regarding it, his property and how he acquired it and spent it, and his body and how he wore it out." [at-Tirmidhi]

408. Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recited, 'On that Day it will impart all its news.' (99:4) Then he said, 'Do you know what its news is?' They said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.' He said, 'Its news is that it will testify against every slave of Allah, man or woman, regarding what he (or she) did on its back. It will say, "You did such-and-such and such-and-such on such-and-such a day?" That is its news.'" [at-Tirmidhi]

409. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri said. "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'How can there be enjoyment when the one with the trumpet has placed the trumpet to his mouth with his ear listening for the moment when is commanded to blow and then he will blow?.' It seemed as if that was hard for the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and so he said to them 'Say, "Allah is enough for us and the best guardian."'" [at-Tirmidhi]

410. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Those who have fear, set off at the beginning of the night, and those who who set off at the beginning of the night reach the resting-place. The trading goods of Allah have a high price. The trading goods of Allah are the Garden." [at-Tirmidhi]

411. 'A'isha said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'People will be gathered on the Day of Rising naked, barefoot, and uncircumcised.' I said, 'O Messenger of Allah, men and women together, looking at one another?' He said, 'O 'A'isha, the business will be too terrible for them to be concerned with that.'"

In one variant, "The business will be too important for them to look at one another." [Agreed upon]