Kindness to orphans, girls, the weak, the very poor, and the downtrodden. Treating them well, compassion towards them, humility with them, and gentleness towards them

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

33. Chapter: Kindness to orphans, girls, the weak, the very poor, and the downtrodden. Treating them well, compassion towards them, humility with them, and gentleness towards them

Allah Almighty says, "And take the believers under your wing," (15:88)

and the Almighty says, "Restrain yourself patiently with those who call on their Lord morning and evening, desiring His Face. Do not turn your eyes from them." (18:28)

The Almighty says, "So as for the orphans, do not oppress them, and as for beggars, do not berate them," (93:9-10)

and the Almighty says, "Have you seen him who denies the deen? He is the one who harshly rebuffs the orphan and does not urge the feeding of the poor." (107:1-3)

260. Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas said, "We were once with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in a group of six. The idolaters told to the Prophet, 'Send these men away so that they do not become impudent towards us.' There was me, Ibn Mas'ud, a man of Hudhayl, Bilal and two other men I will not name. There occurred within the soul of the Messenger of Allah whatever Allah wished to occur and he spoke to himself. So Allah Almighty sent down, 'Do not chase away those who call on their Lord morning and evening, seeking His Face.' (W6:53; H6:52)" [Muslim]

261. Abu Hubayra 'A'idh ibn 'Amr al-Muzani, one of the people present at the Bay'at ar-Ridwan, reported that Abu Sufyan came to Salman, Suhayb and Bilal in a group and they said, "The swords of Allah have not finished off the enemy of Allah!" Abu Bakr said, "Do you say this to a shaykh and master of Quraysh?" He went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him. He said, "Abu Bakr, perhaps you have made them angry? If you were to make them angry, then you would make your Lord angry." He went to them and said, "Brothers, have I made you angry?" They said, "No, may Allah forgive you, brother." [Muslim]

262. Sahl ibn Sa'd reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I and those who care for orphans will be in the Garden like this," and he pointed with his forefinger and middle finger and made an opening between them." [al-Bukhari]

263. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I and an orphan's guardian, whether he is a relative or a non-relative, will be like these two in the Garden," and the transmitter, Malik ibn Anas, indicated the index and middle fingers. [Muslim]

264. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The very poor man is not the one who is turned away by a date or two, or for a bite or two, but the very poor is the one who does not ask.". [Agreed upon]

In a variant in the two Sahih collections, "The very poor man is not the one who goes around to people to ask for a bite or two to eat or a date or two, but the one who does not have enough for himself but is too shy to ask so that he is given sadaqa - or does not beg from people importunately."

265. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "'Someone who strives on behalf of widows and the poor is like someone who fights in the way of Allah.' I think that he also said, 'And like someone who continually stands at night in prayer and like someone who continually fasts.'" [Agreed upon]

266. Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The worst food is the food of a wedding feast which is denied to those who come to it and which those who are invited to it refuse to attend. Anyone who does not respond to an invitation has rebelled against Allah and His Messenger." [Muslim]

In a variant in the two Sahih collections from Abu Hurayra are the words, "The worst food is the food of a wedding feast to which the rich are invited and from which the poor are left out."

267. Anas reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I and anyone who brings up two girls until they come of age will be like these two on the Day of Rising," and he put his fingers together. [Muslim]

268. 'A'isha said, "A woman came to me with her two daughters to beg but I had nothing but a date which I gave to her. She divided it between her two daughters, not eating any of it herself. Then she got up and left. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came in to us and I told him about this and he said, 'Anyone who is tried in any way on account of his daughters will find them to be a shield for him from the Fire.'" [Agreed upon]

269. 'A'isha said, "A poor woman came carrying two of her daughters and I gave her three dates. She gave each of them a date and lifted the other date to her mouth to eat it and then her daughters asked to eat it, so she divided between them the date which she was going to eat. I was astonished at what she did and I mentioned what she had done to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, 'Allah has made the Garden mandatory for her because of it - or freed her from the Fire because of it.'" [Muslim]

270. Abu Shurayh Khuwaylid ibn 'Amr al-Khuza'i said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'O Allah! I consider it a wrong action that the rights of two weak ones be violated: orphans and women." [an-Nasa'i]

271. Mus'ab ibn Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas said, "Sa'd thought that he had preference over those below him and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Are you given victory and provision except on account of the weak among you?'" [al-Bukhari]

272. Abu'd-Darda' 'Umaymir said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Help me in seeking out the weak. They are supported. You are provided for on account of the weak among you." [Abu Dawud]