Injustice and the command to make restitution in cases of injustice

Riyad as-Salihin (The Meadows of the Righteous)

by Imam Nawawi

26. Chapter: On injustice and the command to make restitution in cases of injustice

Allah Almighty says, "Nor intercessor will the wrongdoers have, who could be listened to," (40:18)

and the Almighty says, "For those that do wrong there is no helper." (22:71)

203. Jabir reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Beware of injustice. Injustice will be darkness on the Day of Rising. Beware of avarice. Avarice destroyed those before you and prompted them to shed each other's blood and make lawful what was unlawful." [Muslim]

204. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Rights will be given to those to whom they are owed on the Day of Rising until even the hornless sheep will have retaliation from the horned sheep." [Muslim]

205. Ibn 'Umar said, "We used to talk about the Farewell Hajj while the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was still among us and we did not know what the Farewell Hajj was. The Messenger of Allah praised and lauded Allah and then mentioned the Dajjal, talking of him at length. He said, 'There has been no Prophet sent who did not warn his people about him. Nuh warned his people about him, and so did all the Prophets after him. If he emerges among you, he will not be hidden from you. It is not hidden from you that your Lord is not one-eyed, but the Dajjal is one-eyed, his right eye looking like a swollen black grape. Allah has made your blood and your property sacred between you like the sacredness of this day of yours in this land of yours in this month of yours. Have I not conveyed it? ' They said, 'Yes.' He said, 'O Allah, bear witness!' three times. 'Woe to you! (or 'Bother you!) Look and do not revert to being unbelievers after I have gone, striking one another's necks.'" [al-Bukhari. Muslim related part of it.]

206. 'A'isha reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone wrongs someone else even to the extent of a piece of land measuring a hand's width, his neck will be encircled with it from the the seven earths." [Agreed upon]

207. Abu Musa reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah prolongs the life of the unjust but when He takes them, He will not let them escape. Then he recited, 'Such is the iron grip of your Lord when He seizes cities which do wrong. His grip is painful, violent.' (11:102)" [Agreed upon]

208. Mu'adh said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent me and said, 'You are going to a people who have a Book. Call on them to testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. If they obey you in respect of that, then tell them that Allah has made the five prayers obligatory for them every day. If they obey you in respect of that, inform them that Allah has made it obligatory for zakat to be taken from their wealthy and given to their poor. If they obey you in respect of that, beware of taking the things people value highly and beware of the supplication of the wronged man. There is no screen between him and Allah.'" [Agreed upon]

209. Abu Humayd 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Sa'd as-Sa'idi said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, appointed a man from al-Azd, called Ibn Al-Lutiyya to collect the zakat. When he arrived back, he said, 'This is for you and this was given as a gift to me.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood on the minbar, praised and glorified Allah and then said, 'I appointed one of your men to be in charge of an activity for which Allah has made me responsible, and then he came and said, "This is for you and this was given as a gift to me." Why did he not sit in the house of his father or mother until his gift came to him if he is speaking the truth. By Allah, none of you will take anything without right but that he will meet Allah Almighty carrying it on the Day of Rising. I do not know if any of you will meet Allah carrying a camel which is grumbling, or a cow which is mooing, or a sheep which is bleating.' Then he raised his hands until the whites of his armpits could be seen, and said, 'O Allah! Have I conveyed it?' three times." [Agreed upon]

210. Abu Hurayra, reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever has done an injustice to his brother with regard to his honour or anything else should seek to be absolved by him before the day when there will be neither dinar nor dirham. If he has right actions, they will be taken from him to counterbalance the injustice he did, and if he does not have any good actions, some of the bad actions of his friend will be taken and he will be made to carry them." [al-Bukhari]

211. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A Muslim is someone from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe. An emigrant (muhajir) is someone who leaves behind what Allah has forbidden." [Agreed upon]

212. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As said, "There was a man called Kirkara who used to look after the family and goods of the Prophet. He died and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'He is in the Fire.' They went to look and found a cloak that he had stolen." [al-Bukhari]

213. Abu Bakr Nufay' ibn al-Harith reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Time has continued cyclically in the same way since the day Allah created the heavens and the earth. The year is twelve months, four of which are sacred. Three are consecutive: Dhu'l-Qa'da, Dhu'l-Hijja and al-Muharram, and there is Rajab of Mudar which is between Jumada and Sha'ban. He said, "What month is this?" We were silent, thinking that he might change its name. He said, "Is this not Dhu'l-Hijja?" We said, "Yes." Then he said, "And what land is this?" and we were silent, thinking that he might change its name. He said, "Is this not the sacred land?" We said, "Yes.' "What day is this?" We were silent, thinking that he might change its name. He said, "Is this not the Day of Sacrifice?" We said, "Indeed." He said, "Your blood, your property and your honour are sacred to you, like the sacredness of this day in this month in this city. You will meet your Lord and He will ask you about your actions. So do not revert to being unbelievers after I have gone, striking one another's necks. Let the one who is present convey to the one who is absent. Perhaps the one to whom it is conveyed will retain it better those who are present." Then he said, "Have I not conveyed it? Have I not conveyed it?" We said, "Yes." He said, "O Allah, bear witness." [Agreed upon]

214. Abu Umama Iyas ibn Tha'laba al-Harithi reported the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Allah has made the Fire mandatory for anyone who usurps the right of another Muslim by an oath and has forbidden him the Garden." A man said, "Even if it is only something little, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Even if it is only a stick of arak." [Muslim]

215. 'Adi ibn 'Umayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Anyone among you we put in charge of something who then conceals a needle, or anything larger, from us, that is misappropriation which he will have to account for on the Day of Rising.' A black man of the Ansar stood up and went to him - it is as if I could still see him - and said, 'Messenger of Allah, take back your appointment from me.' He said, 'What is up?' He said, 'I heard you saying such-and-such.' He said, 'I say it again: anyone we put in charge of something, should bring all of it, whether small or large. He should take what is given him and leave what is forbidden him.'" [Muslim]

216. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "On the day of Khaybar, a group of the Companions of the Prophet came forward and said, 'So-and-so has been martyred and so-and-so has been martyred,' until they passed by a man and said of him, 'So-and-so has been martyred.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'No, I have seen him in the Fire in a cloak - or a mantle - which he misappropriated from the booty.'" [Muslim]

217. Abu Qatada al-Harith ibn Rib'i reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up among them and mentioned to them that that jihad in the way of Allah and belief in Allah are the best of actions. A man stood up and said, "Messenger of Allah, tell me, if I am killed in the way of Allah, will my sins be absolved?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Yes, if you are killed in the way of Allah and you are steadfast, expecting the reward, advancing and not retreating." Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "What did you say?" He said, "Tell me, if I am killed in the way of Allah, will my sins be absolved?" He said, "Yes, if you are killed in the way of Allah and you are steadfast, expecting the reward, advancing and not retreating - except for the debt. Jibril just said that to me." [Muslim]

218. Abu Hurayra reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do you know who is really destitute?" They said, "The destitute among us are those who have no money or property." He said, "The truly destitute person among my community is someone who comes on the Day of Rising with prayer, fasting and zakat, but having insulted this person and slandered that person and consumed the property of this person and shed the blood of that person and beaten that person. He will give this person some of his good deeds and that one some of his good deeds. If his good deeds are wiped out before he has paid what he owes, some of their wrong actions are taken and thrown on him and then he is thrown into the Fire." [Muslim]

219. Umm Salama reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I am a human being and you bring your disputes to me. It may be that one of you is more eloquent in stating his case than another and so I give judgement in his favour according to what I hear. If I award him judgement at the expense of the right of his brother, I am cutting out a piece of the Fire for him." [Agreed upon]

220. Ibn 'Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A believer will remain within the bounds of his religion as long as he does not spill blood unlawfully." [al-Bukhari]

221. Khawla bint 'Amir al-Ansariyya, the wife of Hamza, said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Men who spend out the property of Allah without due right will go to the Fire on the Day of Rising."[al-Bukhari]