Book of Wishing for Things

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

98. Book of Wishing for Things

I. What has come about wishing for something, and the one who wished for martyrdom

6799. Abu Salama and Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'By the One who has my soul in His hand, were it not that some men dislike to be left behind me and I do not have any means of giving them mounts to ride, I would not stay behind (any expedition). I would love to be slain in the way of Allah and then brought to life and then slain again and then brought to life and then slain again."

6800. Al-A'raj related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, said, " By the One who has my soul in His hand, I would love to be slain in the way of Allah and then brought to life and then slain again and then brought to life and then slain again, then brought to life and then slain again, and brought to life." Abu Hurayra used to say it three times, "I testify by Allah [that he said that]."

II. Wishing for good

The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "If I had had Uhud in gold."

6801. Hammam related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If I were to have the amount of Uhud in gold, it would not make me happy to have any of it remain with me for more than three days - except for something which I might keep for paying debts."

III. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "If I had known before of my business what I know now"

6802. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If I had known before of my business what I know now, I would not have brought sacrificial animals. If I did not have sacrificial animals with me, I would have come out of ihram when they came out."

6803. 'Ata' related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "We were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, [in the Farewell Hajj] and we said undertook to perform hajj. We reached Makka on the fourth of Dhu'l-Hijja, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered us to do tawaf of the House and run between Safa and Marwa and to make it'umra, and to come out of ihram except for those who had brought sacrificial animals. No one had sacrificial animals except for the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Talha. 'Ali came from the Yemen with sacrificial animals. He said, 'I have assumed ihram for that for which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has assumed it.' They said, 'How can we go to Mina the penis of one of us has just had a seminal discharge?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If I had known before of my business what I know now, I would not have brought sacrificial animals. If I did not have sacrificial animals with me, I would have come out of ihram.'"

He said, "Suraqa met the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, while he was stoning the Jamra al-'Aqaba and asked him, 'Is this just for you, Messenger of Allah?' He said, 'No, it is forever.'"

He said, "'A'isha had arrived in Makka while she was menstruating and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told her to perform all the practices except for tawaf and prayer until she became pure. When they stopped at al-Batha', 'A'isha said, 'Messenger of Allah, are you returning with hajj and 'umra when I am returning with only hajj?' So he commanded 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr to go out with her to at-Tan'im and she performed 'umra after hajj in the month of Dhu'l-Hijja."

IV. The words of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Would that such-and-suchä"

6804. 'Abdullah ibn 'Amir ibn Rabi'a said that 'A'isha said, "One night the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, could not sleep and said, 'Would that a righteous man from my Companions would guard me tonight!' Then we heard the sound of weapons and he said, 'Who is it?' It as said, 'Sa'd, Messenger of Allah! I have come to guard you.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, slept so that we heard his snoring."

Abu 'Abdullah [al-Bukhari] said that 'A'isha said, "Bilal said:

'Would that I knew whether I would spend a night in the valley of Makka
with the sweet rushes and panic grass around me!'

I told the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

V. Wishing for the Qur'an and knowledge

6805. Abu Salih related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "You can only have envy for two things: a man whom Allah has taught the Qur'an and he recites it throughout the night and throughout the day and so one says, 'Would that I had been given the like of what so-and-so has been given so that I could do the like of what he does!' And there is a man to whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it properly and so one says, 'Would that I had been given the like of what so-and-so has been given so that I could do the like of what he does!'"

Qutayba related this from Jarir [ibn 'Abdu'l-Hamid].

VI. What sort of wishing is disliked

"Do not covet what Allah has given to some of you in preference to others ‚ men have a portion of what they acquire and women have a portion of what they acquire; but ask Allah for His bounty. Allah has knowledge of all things." (4:32)

6806. An-Nadr ibn Anas related that Anas said, "If it had not been that I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Do not wish for death, 'I would have wished for it."

6807. Ibn Abi Khalid related that Qays said, "We went to visit Khabbab ibn al-Aratt when he had been cauterised seven times. He said, "If it had not been that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade us to pray for death, I would have prayed for it."

6808. Az-Zuhri related from Abu 'Ubayd Sa'd ibn 'Ubayd, the mawla of 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Azhar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "None of you should wish for death. Perhaps the one who does good will do more good deeds and the one who does evil may repent."

VII. A man saying, "If it were not for Allah, we would not have been guided."

6809. Abu Ishaq related that al-Bara' ibn 'Azib said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was moving earth with us on the Day of the Confederates and I saw the dust on the whiteness of his abdomen. he was saying,

'If it had not been for You,
  we would not have been guided
nor given sadaqa nor fasted,
 So send down tranquillity on us
the chiefs have wronged us (attacked),
  but we refuse if they desire to tempt us. We refuse.'

He praised his voice while saying it."

VIII. It is disliked to wish to meet the enemy

Al-A'raj related it from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

6810. Salim ibn Abi'n-Nadr, the client of 'Umar ibn 'Ubaydullah, who was his scribe, he said, "'Abdullah ibn Abi Awfa wrote to him and he read it and it contained that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not yearn to meet the enemy and ask Allah for well-being."

IX. What is permitted of "if only" (law)

Allah's words, "If only I had the strength to combat you or could take refuge in some powerful support!" (11:80)

6811. Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad said that Ibn ''Abbas mentioned the couple who carried out a li'an [mutual cursing procedure] and ''Abdullah ibn Shaddad said, "It is that which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If I were to to stone a woman without proofä' He said, 'No, that was a woman who acted openly.'"

6812. 'Amr related that 'Ata' said, "[One night] the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was late praying 'Isha' and 'Umar went out and said, 'The prayer, Messenger of Allah! The women and children have fallen asleep.' He came out and his head was dripping with water. He said, 'Were it not that I would impose hardship in my community (or my people, and Sufyan also said, 'My community,) I would have commanded the prayer to be performed at this time."

'Ata' related from Ibn 'Abbas: "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, delayed this prayer and then came and said, 'Messenger of Allah, the women and children have fallen asleep,' He came out wiping the water from his side, saying, 'It is the time [i.e. for the prayer]. Were it not that I would impose hardship in my communityä'"

'Amr said that 'Ata' related it without Ibn 'Abbas in it. As for 'Amr, he said, "His head was dripping," and Ibn Jurayj said, "He was was wiping the water from his side." Ibn Jurayj said, "'It is the time. Were it not that I would impose hardship in my communityä'"

'Amr related it from 'Ata' from Ibn 'Abbas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

6813. 'Abdur-Rahman related that he heard from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Were it not that I would impose hardship on my community, I would have commanded them to use the siwak."

6814. Thabit related that Anas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, fasted continuously* at the end of the month. Some people fasted constinously and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, heard about that and said, "If the month had been lengthened for me, I would have fasted it continuously to the point that those who impose things excessively on themselves would leave their excessive imposition. I am not like you, My Lord feeds me and gives me drink."

[* Wisal, not to break the fast at sunset, but to continue to fast.]

Sulayman ibn Mughira corroborated it from Anas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

6815. Ibn Shihab related that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab told him that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade continuous fasting. They said, 'You fast continuously' He said, 'Which of you is like me? When I sleep my Lord gives me food and drink.' When they refused to stop, he fasted continuously with them for a day and then another day, and when they saw the new moon, he said, 'If it had been delayed, I would have made the period longer for you,' as if it was a punishment for them."

6816. Al-Aswad ibn Yazid reported that 'A'isha said, "I asked the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about the wall in front of the House and whether it was part of it. 'Yes,' he answered. I asked, 'Why did they not include it in the House?' He replied, 'Your people were short of funds.' I then asked, 'Why is its door high?' He said, 'Your people did that so that they could admit whomever they wished and bar whomever they wished. If it had not been that your people were still close to the Jahiliyya, and were I not afraid that their hearts would be averse, I would have included the wall in the Ka'ba and made its door level with the ground.'"

6817. al-A'raj related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If it were not for hijra, I would have been one of the Ansar. If people were to travel in one valley while the Ansar travelled in another valley or pass, I would have travelled by the valley of the Ansar, or the pass of the Ansar."

6818. 'Abbad ibn Tamim relate from 'Abdullah ibn Zayd that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, " If it were not for hijra, I would have been one of the Ansar. If people were to travel by a valley or pass, I would travel by the valley and pass of the Ansar."

Abu't-Tayyaj corroborated it from Anas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about the "pass".

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, Most Merciful

X. What has come about allowing the report of one truthful person about the adhan, prayer, fasting, shares of inheritances and rulings

The words of Allah Almighty, "It is not necessary for the believers to go out all together. If a party from each group of them were to go out so they could increase their knowledge of the deen they would be able to notify their people when they returned to them so that hopefully they would take warning!" (9:122)

One man may be called a group (ta'ifa) as the Almighty says, "If two parties of the believers fight..." (49:9) If two men fight, they are included in the meaning of this ayat.

The Almighty says, "If a deviator brings you a report, scrutinize it carefully." (49:5)

How the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent his amirs one after another, If one of them overlooked something, the other would bring him back to the sunna.

6819. Abu Qilaba related that Malik ibn al-Huwayrith said, "We came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as young men of about the same age and stayed twenty days and nights with him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was kind to us. When he realised that we were longing for our families - or yearning for them - he asked us about those we had left behind us and we informed him. He said, 'Return to your families and stay with them and teach them and instruct them' - and he mentioned some things which I remember and some which I do not remember - 'and pray as you have seen me pray. When it is time for the prayer, one of you should give the adhan on behalf of all of you and the oldest of you should be the Imam.'"

6820. Abu 'Uthman related from Ibn Mas'ud that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Bilal's adhan should not prevent you from having sahur. He gives the adhan ‚ or calls - so that whoever of you is praying may return [to rest] and those of you who are sleeping can wake up. It is not Fajr when it is like this," and Yahya [the transmitter] put his hands together, "until he says it like this," and Yahya extended his two index fingers [meaning when the light spreads].

6821. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar related, "I heard from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Bilal gives the call while it is still night, so eat and drink until Ibn Umm Maktum gives the call."

6822. 'Alqama related that 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,led us in Dhuhr and prayed five rak'ats. It was asked, 'Has the prayer been increased?' He said, "How is that?' They replied, 'You prayed five rak'ats.' He did two prostrations after the salam."

6823. Muhammad related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished the prayer after two rak'ats and Dhu'l-Yadayn asked, 'Has the prayer been shortened, or have you forgotten?' He asked, 'Has Dhu'l-Yadayn spoken the truth?' 'Yes,' the people replied. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up and prayed the last two rak'ats, said the salam, then said the takbir and then prostrated like its prostration [i.e. that of the prayer] or longer, then he came up and said the takbir. Then he prostrated the like of its prostration and then came up.

6824. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "While the people were at Quba performing the Subh prayer, someone came to them and said, 'Revelation was sent down to the Prophet may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the night and he was commanded to make the Ka'ba the qibla, so face it." Their faces had been towards Syria, and they turned round to the Ka'ba."

6825. Abu Ishaq related that al-Bara' said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Madina, he prayed facing Jerusalem for 16 or 17 months while he wished he could face the Ka'ba. Then Allah revealed, ''We have seen you looking up into heaven, turning this way and that, so We will turn you towards a direction which will please you. ' (2:144) Then he faced towards the Ka'ba. A man prayed 'Asr with him and then went out and passed by some of the Ansar and spoke, testifying that he had prayed with the Prophet may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and that he had faced the Ka'ba, and so they changed direction while they were in ruku' in the 'Asr prayer."

6826. Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha related that Anas ibn Malik said, "I used to serve wine made from dates to Abu Talha al-Ansari, Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah, and Ubayy ibn Ka'b. Someone came and said, 'Wine has been forbidden.' Abu Talha said, 'Anas, get up and break these jars.'" Anas said, "So I took a mortar of ours and hit them with the bottom of it until they broke."

6827. Sila related from Hudhayfa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to the people of Najran, "I will send you a trusty person who is truly trustworthy.' The Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, were hoping for it, and he sent Abu 'Ubayda."

6828. Abu Qilaba related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Every community has a trustworthy one, and the trustworthy one of this community is Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah."

6829. 'Ubayd ibn Hunayn related from Ibn 'Abbas that 'Umar said, "There was a man of the Ansar. If he was absent from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when I was present, I would convey to him what came from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. When I was absent from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he was present, he would convey to me what had come from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

6830. Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman related from 'Ali that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent out an army and put a man in command over them. The man made a fire and then said, "Enter it." Some of them were about to enter it while others said, "We fled from it." They mentioned that to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said about those who had meant to enter it, "If they had entered it, they would have remained in it until the Day of Rising." He said to the others, "There is no obedience owed in disobedience. Obedience is in what is correct."

6831. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah reported that Abu Hurayra and Zayd ibn Khalid reported to him that two men took a quarrel to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

6832. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah in 'Utba ibn Mas'ud related that Abu Hurayra said, "While we were with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, a desert Arab stood up and said, 'Messenger of Allah, judge between us by the Book of Allah.' His opponent stood up and said, 'He speaks the truth. Judge between us by the Book of Allah and give me permission to speak.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, 'Speak.' he said, 'My son worked as an employee for this man and he committed fornication with his wife. They told me that my son must be stoned, and so I ransomed my son with a hundred sheep and a slave-girl. Then I asked the people of knowledge and they told me that his wife must be stoned and my son must receive a hundred lashes and be exiled for a year.' The Prophet said, 'By the One who has my soul in his hand, I will judge between the two of you by the Book of Allah. The slave-girl and sheep should be returned and your son must receive a hundred lashes and be exiled for a year. You, Unays,' he said to a man of the Banu Aslam, 'go to the wife of this man and if she confesses, then stone her.' So Unays went and she confessed and he stoned her."

XI. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sending az-Zubayr as a single scout

6833. Ibn al-Munkadir related, "I heard Jabir ibn 'Abdullah say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked for someone from the people on the Day of the Ditch [to seek out information about the enemy] and az-Zubayr volunteered. Then he called them and az-Zubayr volunteered. Then he called them and az-Zubayr volunteered. He said, 'Every Prophet has a disciple. My disciple is az-Zubayr.'"

Sufyan [ibn 'Uyayna] said, "I memorised it from ibn al-Munkadir. Ayyub [as-Sakhtiyani] said [to Ibn al-Munkadir], "Abu Bakr! Relate to them from Jabir. The people would like for you to relate to them from Jabir." Ibn al-Munkadir said in that gathering, 'I heard Jabirä' He continued to say between the hadiths, 'I heard Jabir.'"

He ['Ali ibn al-Madini] said, "I said to Sufyan, "Ath-Thawri says that it was the day of Qurayza. He said, 'That is how I memorised it from him as you are sitting: "the Day of the Ditch".' Sufyan then said, 'It is the same day,' and Sufyan smiled."

XII. The words of the Almighty, "Do not go into the Prophet's rooms except when you are invited." (33:53) If permission is given by one person, that is enough [for all]

6834. Abu 'Uthman related from Abu Musa: "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered a Garden and put me in charge of guarding the gate. A man came and asked permission to enter and the Prophet said, 'Give him permission and give him the good news of the Garden.' It was Abu Bakr and then 'Umar came and said the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Give him permission and give him the good news of the Garden.' Then 'Uthman came and he said, 'Give him permission and give him the good news of the Garden.'

"

6835. 'Ubayd ibn Hunayn related that he heard Ibn 'Abbas say that 'Umar said, "I came while the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was sitting in an upper room of his and a black slave belonging to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was sitting at the top of the stairs. I said, 'Say that it is 'Umar ibn al-Khattab.' He gave me permission to enter."

XIII. The amirs and messengers which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to send one after another

Ibn 'Abbas said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent Dihya al-Kalbi to the ruler of Busra to give it to the [Byzantine] Emperor

6836. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Utba related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas told him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a letter to Khosrau and commanded him [i.e. 'Abdullah ibn Hudhafa] to give it to the ruler of Bahrayn [al-Mundhir ibn Sawi] so that the ruler of Bahrayn could give it to Khosrau. When Khosrau read it, he ripped it up. Az-Zuhri said, "I think that ibn al-Musayyab said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, invoked against him, praying that they be completely ripped to pieces.'"

6837. Yazid ibn Abi 'Ubayd related from Salama ibn al-Akwa' that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to a man of Aslam, "Announce among your people (or the people) on the Day of 'Ashura' that whoever has already eaten should refrain for the rest of the day, and whoever has not eaten should fast."

XIV. The amirs and messengers which the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to send one after another

Malik ibn al-Huwayrith said it.

6838. Shu'ba related that Abu Jamra said, "Ibn 'Abbas used to seat me on his bed. He said, 'When the delegation of Abdu'l-Qays came to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he asked, "Who (or what delegation) are you?" They replied, "Rabi'a." He said, "Welcome to the people (or delegation). May you not suffer disgrace nor regret!" They said, "Messenger of Allah, the unbelievers of Mudar are between us and you. Instruct us in something by which we may enter Paradise which we can convey to those we left behind." They asked him about drinks?. Then he forbade them to do four things and commanded them to do four things. He asked, "Do you know what belief in Allah alone is?' They said, "Allah and His Messenger know best." He said, "To testify that there is no god but Allah alone with no partner and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, to establish the prayers, to pay the zakat, (and I think) to fast Ramadan and to pay the khums (fifth)." He forbade them four things: dubba, hantam, and muzaffat [different kinds of wine vessels]. He may have said muqayyar. He said, "Remember these and convey them to the people you left behind."'"

XV. The report of a single woman

6839. Shu'ba related that Tawba al-'Anbari said, "Ash-Sha'bi said to me, 'Did you see? al-Hasan relating from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace? I stayed with Ibn 'Umar for about two years or one and a half years, but I did not hear him relate anything from the Prophet besides this. he said, 'One of the Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, including Sa'd, were going to eat some meat and one of the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, [i.e. Maymuna] called to the, "It is the meat of a lizard." They refrained. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Eat (or consume). It is lawful," - or he said, "There is nothing wrong with (Shu'ba was unsure of which), but it is not part of my food."'"