Book of Dream Interpretation

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

95. Book of Dream Interpretation

I. The beginning of the revelation to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was the true dream

6581. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "The beginning [of the revelation] to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took the form of the true dream in sleep. Whenever he had a dream, it was clear like the break of day. He used to go to Hira' and there he devoted himself to worship for a number of nights. He took provisions with him for that. Then he would return to Khadija and take provisions for the like of that again. This continued until the Truth came to him suddenly while he was in the Cave of Hira'. The angel came to him in it and said, 'Read!'

"The Prophet said, 'I said, "I do not read." He seized me and squeezed me until all the strength went out of me and then released me and said, "Read!" I said, "I do not read." Then he seized me and squeezed me a second time until all the strength when out of me and then released me and said, "Read!" I said, "I do not read." Then he seized me and squeezed me a third time and then released me, and then he said, "Read in the name of your Lord who created man from a blood clot. Read, and your Lord is the Most Generous. He Who taught the use of the Pen" and the ayats up to "Taught man which he knew not." (96:1-5)'

"He returned with that and his heart was quaking. He went to Khadija and said, 'Wrap me up! Wrap me up!' They wrapped him up until the state of terror had left him and then he said to Khadija, 'What is wrong with me?" He told her what had happened and said, 'I am afraid for myself.' She said, 'No, it is good news. By Allah, Allah would never bring disgrace upon you. You maintain ties of kinship, speak the truth, bear people's burdens, give hospitality to your guests and help those who have been afflicted by calamities.'

"Then Khadija then went with him to Waraqa ibn Nawfal ibn Asad ibn 'Abdu'l-'Uzza ibn Qusayy, Khadija's cousin (the son of her father's brother), who had become Christian during the Jahiliyya. He could write in Arabic and wrote as much of the Gospel in Arabic as Allah willed. He was an old man who had gone blind. Khadija said to him, 'Cousin! Listen to your nephew.' Waraqa asked him, 'Nephew, what have you seen?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him what he had seen. Waraqa said to him, 'This is the Namus [Jibril] which Allah sent to Musa. I wish that I were still young. I wish I might still be alive when your people drive you out!' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Will they drive me out?' Waraqa said, 'Yes, no man has brought anything similar to what you have brought without being treated with hostility. If I am still alive on that day, I will give you my strong support.'

"Shortly after that, Waraqa died and there was a pause in the revelation until the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, became so sad that we heard that his sorrow several times made him want to throw himself off the tops of the mountains. Whenever he reached the peak of a mountain, Jibril would appear to him and say, 'Muhammad, you are truly the Messenger of Allah.' So his agitation was stilled by that and he would be at peace and then would return home. When the gap in the revelation was long for him, and he was moved to act as before. When he reached the peak of he mountain. Jibril would appear before him and say the like of that to him."

Ibn 'Abbas said that "(faliq al-isbagh) It is He Who splits the sky at dawn," (6:96) is the light of the sun in the day and the light of the moon at night.

II. The dreams of the righteous

Allah says, "Allah has confirmed His Messenger's vision with truth: 'You will enter the Masjid al-Haram in safety, Allah willing, shaving your heads and cutting your hair without any fear.' He knew what you did not know and ordained, in place of this, an imminent victory." (48:27)

6582. Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha related from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A good dream of a righteous man is one forty-sixth part of prophethood."

III. The dream comes from Allah

6583. Abu Salama heard Abu Qatada say that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The true dream is from Allah and the bad dream (hulm) is from Shaytan."

6584. 'Abdullah ibn Khabbab related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "When one of you sees a dream that he likes, it is from Allah and so he should praise Allah and talk about it. When he sees other than which he dislikes, it is from Shaytan and he should seek refuge from its evil and not mention it to anyone. It will not harm him."

IV. The true dream is one forty-sixth part of Prophethood

6585. Abu Salama related from Abu Qatada that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The true dream is from Allah and the bad dream is from Shaytan. When one of you has a bad dream, he should seek refuge from it and spit to his left side. It will not harm him."

The like of it is reported from 'Abdullah ibn Abi Qatada from his father...

6586. Qatada related from Anas ibn Malik from 'Ubada ibn as-Samit that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The dream of the believer is one forty-sixth part of prophethood."

6587. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The dream of the believer is one forty-sixth part of prophethood."

Shu'ayb related it from Anas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

6588. 'Abdullah ibn Khabbab related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "The true dream is one forty-sixth part of prophethood."

V. Good news

6589. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab related that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Only good signs remains of prophethood.' They asked, 'What are good signs?' He answered, 'The true dream.'"

VI. Yusuf's dream

The words of the Almighty, "When Yusuf told his father, 'Father! I saw eleven bright stars, and the sun and moon as well. I saw them all prostrate in front of me.' He said, 'My son, don't tell your brothers your dream lest they devise some scheme to injure you, Shaytan is a clear-cut enemy to man. Accordingly your Lord will pick you out and teach you the true meaning of events and perfectly fulfil His blessing on you as well as on the family of Ya'qub as He fulfilled it perfectly before upon your forebears, Ibrahim and Ishaq. Most certainly your Lord is Knowing, Wise.'" (12:4-6)

His words, "My father, truly this is now the interpretation of the dream I had. My Lord has made it all come true; and He was kind to me by letting me out of prison and brought you from the desert when Shaytan had caused dissent between me and my brothers. My Lord is kind to anyone He wills. He is indeed All-Knowing and All-Wise. My Lord, You have granted power to me on earth and taught me the true meaning of events. Originator of the heavens and earth, You are my Friend in this world and the Next. So take me as a Muslim at my death and join me to the people who are righteous." (12:100-101)

Abu 'Abdullah said, "Fatir, al-Badi', al-Mubdi', al-Bari and al-Khaliq all mean the same thing." Abu 'Abdullah said that badi'a is from badw.

VII. The dream of Ibrahim, peace be upon him

The words of the Almighty, "When he was of an age to work with him, he said, 'My son, I saw in a dream that I must sacrifice you. What do you think about this?' He said, 'Do as you are ordered, father.Allah willing, you will find me resolute.' Then when they had both submitted and he had lain him face down on the ground, We called out to him, 'Ibrahim! you have discharged your vision.' That is how We recompense good-doers." (37:102-105)

Mujahid said that "aslama" means "They submitted to what they had been commanded" "Tallahu" means: "He placed his face on the ground."

VIII. When several people have the same dream

6590. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related from Ibn 'Umar that some people had a dream that the Night of Power was in the last seven days and that some people had a dream that it was in the last ten days. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Look for it in the last seven days."

IX. The dreams of prisoners, deviants and idolaters

His words, "Two servants entered prison along with him. One said, 'I dreamt that I was pressing grapes.' The other said, 'I dreamt I carried bread upon my head and birds were eating it. Tell us the true meaning of these dreams. We see that you 're one of the righteous.' He said, 'No meal to feed you will arrive before I have informed you what they mean. That is part of what my Lord taught me. For I have left the religion of a people who clearly have no faith in Allah and are unbelievers about the world to come. I hold fast to the creed of my forebears, Ibrahim and Ishaq and Ya'qub. We do not associate anything with Allah. And that is how Allah has favoured us and all mankind, but most do not give thanks. My fellow-prisoners, are many lords better, or Allah, the only One, the Conqueror? What you serve apart from Him are only names which you and your forefathers have made up. There is no mandate for them from Allah. Allah alone is qualified to judge. His order is to worship none but Him. That is in truth the straight and upright deen, but most of mankind simply do not know. My fellow-captives, one of you will serve his lord with wine, the other of you will be crucified and birds will eat his head. The thing you asked about is foreordained.' He said to the one of them he knew was saved, 'Please mention me when you are with your lord,' but Shaytan made him forget to remind his lord, and so he stayed in prison for several years. The King declared, 'I dreamt of seven fat cows which seven thin ones ate and seven green ears of wheat and seven others which were dry. O counsellors! Explain my dream to me if you are those who can interpret visions!' They said, 'A jumbled mass of mixed-up dreams! We do not know the meaning of such things.' The one of them who had been saved then said, remembering after a period, 'I will tell you what it signifies, so send me out.' 'O truthful Yusuf, tell us of seven fat cows which seven thin ones ate and seven green ears of wheat and seven others which were dry so that I can return to them and let them know.' He said, 'Sow for seven years in the normal way and leave that which you harvest in the ear except for a small amount from which you eat. Then after that seven hard years will arrive in which you can eat from what you set aside for them, except for a little which you store. Then after that another year will come in which the people will be helped by rain in plenty and when they once more will press.' The King said, 'Bring him to me straight away!' but when the envoy came to him, he said, 'Go back to your master...'" (12:36-50)

Addakara is Form VIII from the verb dhakara. Umma is a generation. It is read instead as 'amahin', which means forgetfulness.

Ibn 'Abbas said, "They pressed grapes and oil." Tuhsinuna means 'to store'.

6591. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab and Abu 'Ubayd reported from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If I had remained in prison as long as Yusuf remained and then the summoner had come to me, I would have responded to him."

X. Someone who sees the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in a dream

6592. Abu Salama related that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Anyone who sees me in a dream will see me awake. Shaytan does not take my form.'"

Abu 'Abdullah said that Ibn Sirin said, "If he sees him in his actual form."

6593. Thabit al-Bunani related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who has seen me in a dream has seen me. Shaytan does not take my form. The dream of the believer is one forty-sixth part of prophethood."

6594. Abu Salama related from Abu Qatada that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The true dream is from Allah and the bad dream is from Shaytan. If anyone sees something he dislikes, he should spit three times to his left side and seek refuge with Allah from Shaytan. It will not harm him. Shaytan cannot take on my appearance."

6595. Abu Salama said that Abu Qatada said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever sees me has truly seen me."

Yunus and the nephew of az-Zuhri corroborated that.

6596. 'Abdullah ibn Khabbab related that Abu Sa'id al-Khudri heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "Whoever sees me has truly seen me. Shaytan does not take my form."

XI. Night dreams

Samura related it.

6597. Muhammad related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I have been given the keys to [the use of] words and helped by terror. While I was asleep last night, the keys of the treasures of the earth were brought and placed in my hand."

Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has departed and know you have taken them."

6598. Nafi' related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "One night I dreamt that I was at the Ka'ba. I dreamt of a man with brownish skin, like the best brownish skin you might see among men; his hair reached between his shoulders, and it was the best you might see. It was combed and dripping with water. He was leaning on two men or on the shoulders of two men, peforming tawaf of the House. I asked, 'Who is this?' I was told, 'The Messiah son of Maryam.' There was a man with very curly hair, blind in the right eye, which was like a protruding grape. I asked, 'Who is this?' I was told, 'The Dajjal, the false Messiah.'"

6599. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah related that Ibn 'Abbas reported about a man who came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "I had a dream last night," and the hadith proceeds.

Sulayman ibn Kathir, the nephew of az-Zuhri, and Sufyan ibn Husayn corroborated it with the isnad going back to the Prophet.

Az-Zubaydi said it is from az-Zuhri from 'Ubaydullah from Ibn 'Abbas or Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

Az-Zuhri said that Abu Hurayra related it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Ma'mar did not give it the isnad until later.

XII. Dreams during the day

'Awn said that Ibn Sirin said, "The dream in the day is like the dream at night."

6600. Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha related that he heard Anas ibn Malik say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to visit Umm Haram bint Milhan and she would feed him. Umm Haram was married to 'Ubada ibn as-Samit. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace visited her one day and she fed him and began to delouse his head. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went to sleep and then woke up smiling. She said, 'I asked, "What made you smile, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Some people from my community who were shown me raiding in the way of Allah, riding the middle of this sea like kings on throne" (or like the kings on the thrones ­ Ishaq was unsure)."' She said, 'I said, "Messenger of Allah, ask Allah to put me among them!"' So the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, made supplication for her. 'Then he put his head down and then woke up smiling. I said, "What made you smile, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Some people from my community who were shown me raiding in the way of Allah," as he said the first time.' She said, 'I said, "Messenger of Allah, ask Allah to put me among them!" He said, "You are among the first.'" She embarked on the sea in the time of Mu'awiya ibn Abi Sufyan and was thrown from her animal when she disembarked from the sea and she was killed."

XIII. Women's dreams

6601. Ibn Shihab related from Kharija ibn Zayd ibn Thabit that Umm al-'Ala', a woman of the Ansar who had given allegiance to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him that they drew lots to distribute the [lodging of the] Muhajirun. She said, "'Uthman ibn Maz'un fell to our lot and we lodged him in our rooms. Then he fell ill with an illness from which he died. When he died, he was washed and shrouded in his clothes. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and I said, 'The mercy of Allah be upon you, Abu's-Sa'ib. I testify to you that Allah has honoured you.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'How do you know that Allah has honoured him?' I said, 'May my father be your ransom, Messenger of Allah, who will Allah honour?' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'As for him, by Allah, the Certain has come to him. By Allah, I hope for the best for him. By Allah, I do not know what He will do with me in spite of my being the Messenger of Allah.'" She said, "By Allah, I will never vouch for anyone after him."

6602. Shu'ayb reported this from az-Zuhri. He said, "I do not know what He will do me." She said, "That made me sad and then I went to sleep and dreamt that 'Uthman had a spring which was flowing. I informed the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, "That represents his deeds."

XIV. The bad dream is from Shaytan. When someone has a bad dream, he should spit to his left and seek refuge from Allah, the Mighty and Exalted

6603. Abu Salama related that Abu Qatada al-Ansari, one of the Companions and horsemen of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'A vision is from Allah and a bad dream is from Shaytan. When one of you has a dream which he dislikes, he should spit to his left and seek refuge with Allah from it. It will not harm him.'"

XV. [Dreaming of] milk

6604. Hamza ibn 'Abdullah related that Ibn 'Umar said that he head the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was brought a bowl of milk and I drank from it until I was so quenched that it came out of my nails. Then I gave what remained (i.e. to 'Umar)." They asked, "How did you interpret that, Messenger of Allah?" "As knowledge," he answered.

XVI. When someone dreams of milk flowing from his limbs or nails

6605. Hamza ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar related that he heard 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I was given a bowl of milk and I drank from it until I was so quenched that it came out of my fingers. I gave what was left to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab." Those around him asked, "How did you interpret that, Messenger of Allah?" "As knowledge," he answered.

XVII. Seeing a long shirt in a dream

6606. Abu Umama ibn Sahl related that he heard Abu Sa'id al-Khudri say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I saw people being presented to me wearing long shirts. Some of the shirts reached their breasts, and some of them reached below that. Then 'Umar ibn al-Khattab passed by me, dragging his shirt." They asked, "How did you interpret it, Messenger of Allah?" "As the deen," he answered.

XVIII. Dragging a long shirt in a dream

6607. Abu Umama ibn Sahl related that he heard Abu Sa'id al-Khudri say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I saw people being presented to me wearing long shirts. Some of the shirts reached their breasts, and some of them reached below that. Then 'Umar ibn al-Khattab passed by me, dragging his shirt." They asked, "How did you interpret it, Messenger of Allah?" "As the deen," he answered.

XIX. Seeing green in a dream and seeing a green meadow

6608. Muhammad ibn Sirin said that Qays ibn 'Ubad said, "I was sitting in a circle which includes Sa'd ibn Malik and Ibn 'Umar. 'Abdullah ibn Salam passed by and they said, 'This is a man who is one of the people of the Garden.' I told him, 'They said such-and-such.' He said, 'Glory be to Allah! They should not say that about which they have no knowledge! I had a dream in which a pillar was placed and set up in a green meadow. There was a handle at the stop of it and at the bottom of it was a servant. (Minsaf means a servant). It was said [to me], 'Climb it.' So I climbed it and took hold of the handle. I recounted the dream to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said. ''Abdullah will die while holding to the firmest handle.'"

XX. Disclosing a woman in a dream

6609. 'Urwa related that 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I saw shown you twice in a dream. A man was carrying you in a silk cloth and said, 'This is your wife.' He uncovered it and it was you. I said, 'If this is from Allah He will bring it about.'"

XXI. Seeing silk garments in a dream

6610. 'Urwa related from 'A'isha that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, " I was shown you twice in a dream before I married you. I saw an angel carrying you in a silk cloth and I said to him, 'Uncover her. He uncovered it and it was you. I said, 'If this is from Allah He will bring it about.' Then I was shown you with the angel carrying you in a piece of silk. I said, 'Uncover her.' I uncovered it and it was you.' I said, 'If this is from Allah He will bring it about.'"

XXII. Seeing keys in one's hand in a dream

6611. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab reported that Abu Hurayra said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'I have been sent with all the words and have been helped with terror. While I was asleep, I was given the keys to the treasures of the earth and they were placed in my hand.'" Abu 'Abdullah Muhammad] said, "It reached me that jawami' al-kalim means that Allah combines many things which were written about in the books before him in one or two things, or the like of that."

XXIII. Holding onto to a handle or ring

6612. Qays ibn 'Ubad related that 'Abdullah ibn Salam said, "I dreamt that I was in a meadow in the middle of which was a pillar and there was a handle on top of the pillar. I was told, 'Climb it.' I said, 'I cannot.' A servant came and lifted up my garment and I climbed up and took hold of the handle. I woke up while still holding onto it. I recounted it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he said, 'That meadow is the meadow of Islam. That pillar is the pillar of Islam. That handle is the firmest handle and you will continue to hold to Islam until you die.'"

XXIV. Seeing a tent pole under one's pillow

XXV. Seeing thick silk and entering the Garden in a dream

6613. Nafi' related that Ibn 'Umar said, "I dreamt that I had a piece of silk in my hand, and whenever I pointed to a place in the Garden with it, it flew me there. I recounted it to Hafsa and Hafsa recounted it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who said, 'Your brother is a righteous man,' or ''Abdullah is a righteous man.'"

XXVI. Fetters in a dream

6614. Muhammad ibn Sirin related that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'When the time [of the Final Hour] approaches, the dream of the believer will hardly ever lie. The dream of the believer is one forty-sixth part of prophethood.' That which is part of prophethood does not lie." Muhammad stated, "I say this." He said that it used to be said, "There are three types of dreams: the chatter of the self, attempts of Shaytan to frighten the dreamer, and good news from Allah. Whoever sees anything he dislikes should not recount it to anyone. He should get up and pray." He said, "He disliked to see iron collars in a dream but he liked fetters." It is said that the fetter represents constancy in the deen.

It is related from Ibn Sirin from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Some of them included all of it in the hadith. The hadith of 'Awf is clearer. Yunus said, "I do not reckon that it is from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, except what he said about fetters."

Abu 'Abdullah said, "Ghull is only used for necks.'

XXVII. A flowing spring in a dream

6615. Kharija ibn Zayd ibn Thabit related from Umm al-'Ala', one of their women who gave allegiance to the Prophet, say, "'Uthman ibn Maz'un fell to our lot in giving lodging when the Ansar drew lots for the lodging of the Muhajirun. He became ill and we cared for him until he died. Then he put him in his clothes and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to us. I said, 'The mercy of Allah be upon you, Abu's-Sa'ib. I testify to you that Allah has honoured you.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked, 'How do you know that?' I said, 'I do not know, by Allah.' He said, ' As for him, the Certain has come to him. I hope for the best for him from Allah. By Allah, in spite of my being the Messenger of Allah, do not know what my Lord will do with me or you.'' Umm al-'Ala' said, " By Allah, I will never vouch for anyone after him." She said, "I dreamt that 'Uthman had a spring which was flowing. I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and mentioned that to him. He said, 'That is flowing on account of his actions.'"

XXVIII. Drawing water from a well so that people can be quenched

Abu Hurayra related it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

6616. Nafi' related that from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, " I dreamt that I was at a well drawing water when Abu Bakr and 'Umar came. Abu Bakr took the bucket and drew one or two buckets. There was some weakness in his drawing. Then the son of Ibn al-Khattab took it from Abu Bakr's hand and it turned into a large bucket in his hand. I have not seen a leader among the people work so well as he did until the people watered their camels."

XXIX. Drawing one or buckets of water with some weakness

6617. Salim related from his father the dream of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about Abu Bakr and 'Umar. He said, "I dreamt that the people had gathered and Abu Bakr got up and drew one or two buckets. There was some weakness in his drawing. May Allah forgive him. Then the son of Ibn al-Khattab got up and it turned into a large bucket. I have not seen a leader among the people work so well as he did until the people watered their camels."

6618. Sa'id related that Abu Hurayra reported to him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was at a well which had a bucket. I drew from it as much as Allah willed. Then Ibn Abi Quhafa took it and drew one or two buckets. There was some weakness in his drawing. May Allah forgive him. Then it turned into a large bucket and 'Umar ibn al-Khattab took it. I have never seen a leader among the people who drew as 'Umar ibn al-Khattab drew until people watered their camels."

XXX. Resting in a dream

6619. It is related that Hammam heard Abu Hurayra say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was at a water-tank giving water to people. Abu Bakr came to me and took the bucket from my hand in order to give me a rest. He drew one or two buckets. There was some weakness in his drawing. Ibn al-Khattab came and took it and continued to draw water until the people were satisfied and left and the tank was overflowing."

XXXI. Seeing a palace in a dream

6620. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab reported that Abu Hurayra said, "While we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he said, 'While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was in the Garden. There was a woman doing wudu' beside a palace. I asked, "To whom does this palace belong?" They answered, "To 'Umar ibn al-Khattab." I remembered his jealousy and turned back.'" Abu Hurayra said, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab wept and then said, 'May my father and mother be your ransom, Messenger of Allah! Would I be jealous on account of you?'"

6621. Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I entered the Garden and there I saw a gold palace. I asked, 'To whom does this belong?' They answerted, "To a man of Quraysh.' Ibn 'Umar, nothing stopped me from entering it but what I know of your jealousy.' He said, 'Would I be jealous of you, Messenger of Allah?'"

XXXII. Dreaming of wudu'

6622. Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab reported that Abu Hurayra said, "While we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, he said, 'While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was in the Garden. There was a woman doing wudu' beside a palace. I asked, "To whom does this palace belong?" They answered, "To 'Umar." I remembered his jealousy and turned back.' 'Umar wept and said, 'May my father and mother be your ransom, would I be jealous?'"

XXXIII. Doing tawaf of the Ka'ba in a dream

6623. Salim ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was doing tawaf of the Ka'ba. There was a man with brownish skin and straight hair who was walking between two men, water dripping from his head. I asked, 'Who is this?' They said, 'The son of Maryam.' Then I turned around and there was a reddish corpulent man with curly hair and blind in his right eye, and his eye was like a swollen grape. I asked, 'Who is this?' They said, 'This is the Dajjal.' The person who most resembles him is Ibn Qatan.

Ibn Qatan was a man from the Banu'l-Mustaliq of Khuza'a.

XXXIV. When someone gives what is left of his drink to someone else in a dream

6624. Hamza ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'While I was asleep, I dreamt that I was given a bowl of milk and I drank from it until I was quenched so that it flowed. Then I gave what was left to 'Umar.'"

XXXV. Security and the disappearance of fear in a dream

6625. Nafi' related that Ibn 'Umar said, "Some men of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to have dreams in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and would recount them to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would say whatever Allah wished about it. I was a young unmarried and used to sleep in the mosque. I said to myself, 'If there was any good in me, I would see the like of what these men saw.' One night when I lay down to go to sleep, I said, 'O Allah, if you know of any good in me, let me have a dream.' While I was like that, two angels came to me, each of them holding an iron mace. They were taking me to Hellfire while I was praying between them, 'O Allah, I seek refuge with You from Hellfire!' Then I dreamt that another angel with an iron mace in his hand met me. He said, 'Do not be afraid. You are a good man if only you would pray a lot.' They went along with me until they stopped me at the edge of Hellfire. It was enclosed like a well and it had shaft-posts like a well. Between each two posts there was an angel with an iron mace in his hand. I dream that there some men in it suspended by chains with their heads downwards and I recognised some men of Quraysh among them. Then they took me to the right side. I recounted it to Hafsa and Hafsa recounted I to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "'Abdullah is a righteous man.'" Nafi' said, "After that, he continued to pray a lot."

XXXVI. Being taken to the right in a dream

6626. Salim related that Ibn 'Umar said, "I was a young married in the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and I used to spend the night in the mosque. Whoever had a dream would recount it to the Prophet. I said, 'O Allah, if there is any good for me with You, then show me a dream which the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, can interpret for me.' I went to sleep and saw two angels come to me who took me along and they met another angel who said to me, 'Do not be afraid. You are a righteous man.' They took me to the Fire. It was enclosed like a well. I recognised some of the people in them. They took me to the right side. In the morning. I mentioned that to Hafsa and Hafsa said that she recounted it to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,. He said, '"'Abdullah is a righteous man if only he would pray at at night.'"

Az-Zuhri said, "After that 'Abdullah used to pray a lot at night."

XXXVII. Seeing a bowl in a dream

6627. Hamza ibn 'Abdullah related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'While I was asleep. I was brought a bowl of milk and drank from it. Then I gave what I had left to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab.' They said, 'How did you interpret it, Messenger of Allah?' 'Knowledge,' he answered."

XXXVIII. When something flies in a dream

6628. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah said, "I asked 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas £ about the dreams of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which he mentioned. Ibn 'Abbas said, 'It was mentioned to me that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'While I was asleep, I saw two gold bracelets on my arm and they appalled me and I disliked them. Then I was given permission to blow them off, and I blew them off and they flew away. I interpreted them as two liars who could emerge." 'Ubaydullah said, "One of them was al-'Ansi who was killed by Fayruz in Yemen and the other was Musaylima."

XXXIX. When someone dreams of cows being slaughtered

6629. Abu Burda related from Abu Musa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I dreamt that I was emigrating from Makka to a land where there were palm trees. It went and I thought that it might be Yamana or Hajar. It was Yathrib, al-Madina. I dreamt that there were cattle in it, and, by Allah, the best They are the believers on the day of Uhud. The good is what Allah brought of good, and the reward of truthfulness which Allah gave us after the Day of Badr."

XL. Blowing in a dream

6630. Hammam ibn Munabbih related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "We are the last, the forerunners."

The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While I was asleep, I was brought the treasures of the earth and two gold bracelets were placed on my hands. They seemed terrible me and worried me. Then it was revealed to me to blow them off, and I blew them off and they flew away. I interpreted them as two liars whom I was between: the one from San'a and the one from Yamama."

XLI. When someone dreams that he takes something from a hole and puts it somewhere else

6631. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related from his father that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I dreamt that there was a black woman with dishevelled hair who went out of Madina and stopped at Mahi'a (i.e. al-Juhfa) and I interpreted that as meaning the fever of Madina which moved there."

XLII. Dreaming of a black woman

6632. Salim ibn 'Abdullah related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar about the dream of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Madina, "I saw a black woman with dishevelled hair leave Madina until she stopped at Mahi'a and I interpreted it as the fever of Madina which moved to Mahi'a which is al-Juhfa."

XLIII. Dreaming of woman with dishevelled hair

6633. Salim related from his father that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I dreamt of a black woman with dishevelled hair who left Madina and stopped at Mahi'a. I interpreted that as the fever of Madina which moved to Mahi'a."

XLIV. When someone brandishes a sword in a dream

6634. Abu Burda related that Abu Musa related that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, " I dreamt that I brandished a sword and its blade broke. It was what was inflicted on the believers on the Day of Uhud. Then I brandished it again and it was restored better than it was. That was what Allah brought of the Conquest and the gathering of the believers."

XLV. The one who lies about his dreams

6635. 'Ikrima related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Anyone who relates a dream which he has not really had will have to tie a knot between two grains of barley and will not be able to do so. Anyone who listens to people talking when they dislike him doing that or flee from him will have molten lead poured into his ears on the Day of Rising. Anyone who makes an image will be punished and have to breath a spirit into it but will not be able to do it."

Sufyan said, "We have it connected to Ayyub."

'Ikrima related from Abu Hurayra, "Whoever lies about his dream."

'Ikrima was heard to say that Abu Hurayra said, "Whoever makes an image; whoever pretends to have had a dream; and whoever listens."

'Ikrima related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "Listens, pretends to have had a dream, and makes an image."

Hisham corroborated it from 'Ikrima from Ibn 'Abbas.

6636. 'Abdullah ibn Dinar, the client of Ibn 'Umar, related from his father from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Among the worst lies is that he says that he has seen a dream which he did not have."

XLVI. When someone dreams of something he dislikes, he should not tell it to anyone nor mention it

6637. 'Abdu Rabbihi ibn Sa'id said, "I heard Abu Salama say, 'I used to have a dream which would make me ill until I heard Abu Qatada say, "I used to have a dream which would make me ill until I heard the Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'A good dream is from Allah. When some of you sees what he likes, he should only tell it to those he loves. If he sees what he dislikes, he should seek refuge with Allah from its evil and from Shaytan and should spit three times and should not tell it to anyone. It will not harm him.'"'"

6638. 'Abdullah ibn Khabbab related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "When one of you has a dream he likes, it is from Allah and so he should praise Allah for it and tell it to others. When he sees other than that which he dislikes, it is from Shaytan and should seek refuge from its evil and not mention it to anyone. It will not harm him."

XLVII. The one who does not consider the interpretation of the first interpreter if it is incorrect

6639. 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Utba related that Ibn 'Abbas that a man went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said, "I had a dream in which I saw a cloud dripping ghee and honey and I saw the people picking it up with their hands, some taking a lot and some a little. There was a rope which reached from earth to heaven. I saw you take hold of it and go up it. Then another man took hold of it and went up it. Then yet another man took hold of it and went up it. Then another man took it, but it broke and then was connected again." Abu Bakr said, "O Messenger of Allah, may my father be your ransom, by Allah, let me interpret it!" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Interpret it." He said, "The cloud is Islam and the honey and ghee dripping from it is the Qur'an. Its sweetness drips and some people have a lot of the Qur'an and some have a little. As for the rope reaching from heaven to earth, it is the Truth which you have. You take it and so Allah will elevate you. Then another man after you will take it and will rise by it. Then another man will take it and rise by it. Then another man will take and it will break for him and then it will be reconnected and he will rise by it. Tell me, Messenger of Allah, may my father be your ransom, and I right or wrong?" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "You are right about some and wrong about some." He said, "By Allah, you must tell that about which I am wrong!" The Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not swear."

XVIII. Interpreting dreams after the Subh prayer

6640. Abu Raja' related that Samura ibn Jundub said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to frequently say, 'Has any of you had a dream?' Then whoever Allah wished would recount their dream. He said that one morning, 'During the night two men came to me and said to me, "Come on!" So I went with them. We came to a man who was lying on his back while another man was standing over him with a stone which he then dropped onto his head, crushing it. Then the stone rolled away from him and he went after the stone to retrieve it. When he returned to him, his head was whole again and had become as it had been in the first place. So he went back and hit him as he had done the first time. I said to them, "Glory be to Allah! Who are these two?" They said, "Go on! Go on!" We went on and came to a man who was lying on his back, and there was another man standing over him with an iron hook. He went to one side of his face and cut open the side of his mouth until it reached the back of his neck and then his nostril to the back of his neck and his eye to the back of his neck. Then he moved to the other side and did the same thing as he had done to first side. When he finished that side, the first side had become whole again. Then he did the same thing all over again I said, "Glory be to Allah! Who are these two?" They said to me, "Go on! Go on!" and we went on until we came upon something like an oven. [I think he said, "There was babble and shouting in it.'] We looked down into it and it contained naked men and women. The flames would come at them from underneath, and when those flames reached them, they cried out. I asked, "Who are they?" They said, "Go on! Go on!" and we went on until we came to a river.'" [I think that he said, "'Red like blood."] In the river there was a man swimming while on the bank of the river there was a man who had many stones with him. When that swimmer swam and reached the one who had gathered the stones, he forced his mouth open and made him swallow a stone. Then he would begin to swim and would come back to him again. Whenever he came back to him, he forced open his mouth and made him swallow a stone. I asked them, "Who are these two?" They said to me, "Go on! Go on!" and we went on until we came to a man with a repulsive appearance - or the most repulsive man you have ever seen. He was at a fire which he was kindling and which he was running around. I said to them, "Who is this?' They said to me, "Go on! Go on!" and we went on until we came to a green meadow containing every type of spring flower. In the middle of the meadow there was a man so tall that I could scarcely see his head, so high it was in the sky. Around the man were the greatest number of children I have ever seen. I asked, "Who is this? Who are those?" They told me, "Go on! Go on!" and we went on until we reached a huge tree, and I have never seen any tree bigger or more beautiful than it. They told me, "Climb it." We climbed it and came to a city built of gold and silver bricks. We came to the door of the city and asked for it to be opened and it was opened for us and we entered it. We were met by men half of whose physique was the most beautiful you have ever seen and the other half was the ugliest you have ever seen. The two said to them, "Go and plunge into that river." There was a wide river flowing there whose water was pure white. They went and jumped into it and when they returned to us, that evil had left them and they had the most beautiful form.'

"He said, 'They said to me, "This is the Garden of Eden, and that is your place." I raised my eyes upwards and there was a castle like a white cloud. They said to me, "This is your place." I said to them, "May Allah bless you, let me enter it." They said, "No, not now. But you will enter it." I said to them, "This night I have seen marvels, but what are these things which I have seen?'" They said to me, "We will tell you. The first man to whom you came whose head was being crushed with the stone is a man who memorised the Qur'an and then abandoned it and slept through the obligatory prayers. As for the man you came to whose jaw was split to his neck, whose nostril to his neck and whose eye to his neck, he was a man who went from his house and told lies which spread everywhere. As for the naked men and women who were in something like an oven, they were adulterers and adulteresses. The man you came to who was swimming in the river and being made to swallow stones used to consume usury. The man with the disagreeable appearance who was at the fire, kindling it and running around it was Malik, the guardian of Jahannam. The tall man in the meadow was Ibrahim. The children who were around him are all those who were born and died in the natural state."'"

He said, "One of the Muslims asked, 'Messenger of Allah, the children of the idolaters as well?' The Messenger of Allah said, 'The children of the idolaters as well. As for the people who were half beautiful and half ugly, they are the people who mixed righteous actions with evil actions. Allah excused them.'"