Book of the 'Aqiqa

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 74. Book of the 'Aqiqa

I. Naming a child the day it is born if it will have no 'aqiqa, and doing tahnik* for a new-born

[1. Chewing something sweet, especially dates, and putting into the house of the infant and rubbing the top of the mouth.]

5150. It is related that Abu Musa said, "A son was born to me and I took him to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, who named him Ibrahim, and rubbed his upper mouth with a date, prayed for blessing for him and then returned him to me." That was the oldest child of Abu Musa.

5151. It is related that 'A'isha said, "A child was brought to the Prophet , may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he rubbed its upper mouth with a date. The child urinated on him, and he poured water on it.

5152. It is related from Asma' bint Abi Bakr that she was pregnant with 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr in Makka. She said, "I left when I was at full term and I went to Madina and alighted at Quba' and gave birth to him at Quba'. Then I took him to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and put him in his lap. He called for a date which he chewed and then put some of its juice in his mouth. So the first thing which entered his stomach was the spit of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Then he rubbed his upper mouth with a date and prayed for him and asked for blessing on him. He was the first child born in Islam. They were very happy about him because they had been told that the Jews had bewitched them and they would not have any children."

5153. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "A son of Abu Talha became ill. Abu Talha went out and the child died. When Abu Talha returned, he asked, 'How is my son?' Umm Sulaym said, "He is calmer now than he has ever been.' She brought him supper and he ate and then he had sex with her. When he finished, she said, 'Bury the child.'

"In the morning Abu Talha went to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him. He asked, 'Did you have sex with your wife last night?' 'Yes,' he answered. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'O Allah, bless them!' and she had a boy. Abu Talha told me, 'Look after him until he is taken to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace." He took him to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and she sent some dates with him. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took the child and asked, 'Is there anything with him?' They said, 'Yes, some dates.' So the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took a date and chewed it and then too some of it from his mouth and put it in the child's mouth and then rubbed the top of his mouth with it and named him 'Abdullah."

It is related from Muhammad from Anas...

II. To remove harm from the child in the 'aqiqa

5154. It is related by Muhammad that Salman ibn 'Amir said, "There is an 'aqiqa offered for a boy."

It is related from Ibn Sirin from Salman from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and more than one person said it is related by ar-Rabab from Salman ibn 'Amir ad-Dabbi from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Yazid ibn Ibrahim related it from Ibn Sirin from Salman.

It is related that Salman ibn 'Amii said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'There is an 'aqiqa performed for a boy. Sacrifice blood for him and remove harm* from him."

[* The commentators say that this is either the hair on the infant's head when it is born or the foreskin which is removed through circumcision.]

5155. It is related that Habib ibn ash-Shahid said, "Ibn Sirin commanded me to ask al-Hasan from whom he had heard the hadith of the 'aqiqa.* I asked him and he said, 'From Samura ibn Jundub.'"

[*The hadith is: "The boy is in pawn for his 'aqiqa. A sacrifice is made for him on the seventh day, he is named and his head shaved." It is transmitted in the Sunan collections and at-Tirmidhi said that it is hasan sahih. Regarding the fact that al-Bukhari does not mention it, al-'Ayni says that it is so famous that it does not require mention.]

III. al-Fara'

5156. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is no fara' and no 'atira."

Fara' is the first offspring which they used to sacrifice to their idols. 'Atira was in Rajab.

IV. al-'Atira

5157. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is no fara' and no 'atira."

Fara' is the first offspring which they used to sacrifice to their idols. 'Atira was in Rajab.

['Atira was what they sacrificed on the 10th of Rajab to their idols.]