Book of Injustices

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 49. Book of Injustices

I: On injustices and unlawful appropriation (ghasab)

Allah Almighty says, "Do not consider Allah to be heedless of what the wrongdoers do. He is merely deferring them to a Day on which their sight will be transfixed, rushing headlong – heads back, eyes vacant, hearts hollow. Warn mankind of the Day when the punishment will reach them. Those who did wrong will say, Our Lord, give us a short reprieve. We will respond to Your call and follow the Messengers.' 'But did you not swear to Me before that you would never meet your downfall, even though you inhabited the houses of those who wronged themselves and it was made clear to you how We had dealt with them and We gave you many examples?' They concocted their plots, but their plots were with Allah, even if they were such as to make the mountains vanish. Do not imagine that Allah will break His promise to His Messengers. Allah is Almighty, Exactor of Revenge." (14:42-47)

II: Retaliation in the case of injustices

2308. It is related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When the believers are saved from the Fire, they will be made to stop at a bridge between the Garden and the Fire where they will inflict retaliation on one another for the injustices which arose between them in this world until they are purified and purged. They will be given permission to enter the Garden. By the One in whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, one of you will recognise his dwelling in the Garden better than he recognises his dwelling in this world."

Another isnad.

III: The words of Allah Almighty, "The curse of Allah is on the wrongdoers." (11:18)

2309. It is related that Safwan al-Mazini said, "While I was walking with Ibn 'Umar, holding his hand, a man came up and said, 'What have you heard from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about an-najwa (intimate conversation)*?' He replied, 'I heard the Messenger of Alla, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,say, "Allah will bring the believer near and place His veil on him and shield him. He will ask, 'Do you acknowledge such-and-such a wrong action? Do you acknowledge such-and-such a wrong action?' He will reply, 'Yes, O Lord,' until he confesses to all his wrong actions and thinks to himself that he is destroyed. Allah will say, 'I concealed them for you in this world and I will forgive you for them today.' Then he will be given the book of his good actions. In the case of the unbeleivers and hypocrites, witnesses will say, 'These are the people who lied against their Lord! The curse of Allah is on the wrongdoers!' (11:8)"'"

[an-najwa is the secret conversation between Allah and the believer on the Day of Rising.]

IV. A Muslim does not wrong another Muslim nor surrender him to his enemy

2310. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Muslim is the brother of the Muslim. He should not wrong him nor surrender him to his enemy. Allah will take care of the needs of anyone who takes care of the needs of his brother. On the Day of Rising Allah will dispel the anxiety of anyone who dispels the anxiety of another Muslim. On the Day of Rising Allah will veil anyone who veils another Muslim."

V: Help your brother, whether he is inflicting wrong or is wronged

2311. It is related that Anas ibn Malik was heard to say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Help your brother, whether he is inflicting wrong or is wronged."

2312. It is related that Anas said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Help your brother, whether he is inflicting wrong or is wronged." They said, "Messenger of Allah, We can help him if he is wronged but how we can help him if he is wronging?" He said, "You can take hold of his hands [to restrain him.]"

VI. CHAPTER: Helping the wronged

2313. It is related that al-Bara' said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, instructed us to do seven things and forbade us seven. He mentioned visiting the sick, joining funeral processions, blessing the sneezer, returning the greeting, helping the wronged, accepting invitations, and fulfilling oaths."

2314. It is related from Abu Musa that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A believer in respect of another believer is like a building whose parts support one another." and he intertwined his fingers.

VII: Seeking help against the one who wrongs

By His words, may His mention be exalted, "Allah does not like evil words to be voiced out loud, except in the case of someone who has been wronged. Allah is All-Hearing, All-Knowing," (4:148) and "those who, when they are wronged, defend themselves." (42:39)

Ibrahim said, "They disliked being humbled, and when they were able, they forgave."

VIII: Forgiveness by the one who has been wronged

By His words, may He be exalted, "If you reveal a good act or keep it hidden, or pardon an evil act, Allah is Ever-Pardoning, All-Powerful," (4:149) and "The requital of a bad action is one equivalent to it. But if someone pardons and puts things right, his reward is with Allah. Certainly He does not love wrongdoers. But if people do defend themselves when they are wronged, nothing can be held against them for doing that. There is only something against those who wrong people and act as tyrants in the earth without any right. Such people will have a painful punishment. But if someone is steadfast and forgives, that is the most resolute course to follow. Whoever Allah misguides has subsequently no protector. You will see the wrongdoers saying, when they see the punishment, 'Is there no way back?'" (42:40-44)

IX: Injustice will be darkness on the Day of Rising

2315. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Injustice will be darkness on the Day of Rising."

X: Saving oneself and being on guard against the invocation of the wronged

2316. It is related from Ibn 'Abbas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent Mu'adh to the Yemen and said, "Be fearful of the invocation of the wronged. There is no veil between it and Allah."

XI: If someone has been wronged by a man and absolves him, is his injustice established?

2317. It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever has done an injustice to his brother in respect his honour or anything else should seek to be absolved by him before the day when there will be neither dinar nor dirham. If he has right actions, they will be taken from him to counterbalance the injustice he did, and if he does not have any good actions, some of the bad actions of his friend will be taken and he will be made to carry them."

Abu 'Abdullah said that Isma'il ibn Abi Uways said that he is called "al-Maqburi" because he lived in an area of graves (maqabir). Abu 'Abdullah said, "Sa'id al-Maqburi was a client of the Banu Layth. He is Sa'id ibn Abi Sa'id. Abu Sa'id's name was Kaysan."

XII: When someone absolves a wrong, he cannot retract that

2318. It is related from 'A'isha about "If a woman fears cruelty or aversion on her husband's part," (4:128) "A man may have a wife whom he does not like much and want to separate from her. She then says, 'I give up my rights to you." The ayat was revealed about that.

XIII: When someone gives permission or allows something, but does not make it clear how much it is

2319. It is related from Sahl ibn Sa'd as-Sa'idi that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was given a drink and he drank from it. A boy was to his right and old men to his left. He said to the boy, "Will you give me permission to give it to these men?" The boy said, "By Allah, Messenger of Allah, I will not prefer anyone with my portion from you!" He said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, then placed it in his hand."

XIV: The wrong action of someone who commits an injustice in respect of land

2320. It is related from Sa'id ibn Zayd that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, "If someone commits an injustice in regard to any land, his neck will be encircled with it from the seven earths."

2321. It is related from Abu Salama that there was a dispute between him and some people and he mentioned that to 'A'isha. She said, "Abu Salama! Avoid taking land unjustly. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If anyone wrongs someone else even to the extent of a piece of land measuring a hand's width, his neck will be encircled with it from the seven earths.'"

2322. It is related that the father of Salim said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone takes any land without right, on the Day of Rising he will be swallowed up in the seven earths."

Abu 'Abdullah said that this hadith was not  found in Khurasan in the book of Ibn al-Mubarak which he later dictated to them in Basra.

XV: When a person gives another permission for something, it is permitted

2323. It is related from Jabala, "While we were in Madina with some of the people of Iraq, a famine occurred and az-Zubayr used to provide us with dates, Ibn 'Umar passed by us and said, 'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to forbid eating two dates at at time without the man of us asking permission of his brother.'"

2324. It is related from Abu Mas'ud that a man of the Ansar called Abu Shu'ayb had a slave who was a butcher. Abu Shu'ayb said to him, "Prepare enough food for five. I want to invite the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, as one of five guests. I noticed hunger in his face." So he invited him and a man came along with them who had not been invited. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "This man has followed us. Will you give him permission?" He said, "Yes."

XVI: The words of Allah Almighty, "He is most hostile of adversaries." (2:204)

2325. It is related from 'A'isha that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The most hateful of men to Allah is the stubbornly quarrelsome."

XVII: The wrong action of the one who knowingly falsely argues for something

2326. It is related from Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet, that he heard some quarrelling at the door of his room and went out to them. He said, "I am a mortal. Litigants come to me and it may be that one of them are more eloquent than the other and so I suppose that he is telling the truth and give judgement in his favour accordingly. If I judge for him the right of a Muslim, it is a piece of the Fire, so he can take it or leave it."

XVIII: When the one quarrelling swears a false oath

2327. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If anyone has four characteristics, he is [like] a pure hypocrite, or if anyone has one of the four, he has an aspect of hypocrisy until he gives it up: whenever he speaks, he lies; when he makes an agreement, he breaks it; and when he quarrels, he deviates from the truth speaks falsely; and whenever he is trusted, he betrays his trust."

XIX: The retaliation of the wronged person when he finds the property of the one who wronged him

Ibn Sirin said, "He takes compensation," and he recited, "If you want to retaliate, retaliate to the same degree as the injury done to you." (16:126)

2328. It is related that 'A'isha said, "Hind bint 'Uqba ibn Rabi'a came and said, 'Messenger of Allah, Abu Sufyan is an avaricious man, so is there anything held against me if I feed our children from what he has?' He said, 'There is nothing held against you if you feed them reasonably."

2329. It is related that 'Uqba ibn 'Amir said, "We said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'You send us out and we stay with a people who do not give us hospitality. What do you think about it?' He said to us, 'If you stay with a people, and they command you with what the guest should have, accept it. If they do not do it, then take the [customary] right of the guest from them.'"

XX: What has come about roofed gallerys

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions sat in the gallery of the Banu Sa'ida.

2330. It is related that 'Umar said, "When Allah made His Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, die, the Ansar gathered in the gallery of the Banu Sa'ida and I said to Abu Bakr, 'Let's go,' and we went to them in the gallery of the Banu Sa'ida.'"

XXI: One should not prevent his neighbour from putting a piece of wood in his wall

2331. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No neighbour should prevent his neighbour from inserting a piece of wood in his wall." Then Abu Hurayra said, "Why do I see that you are averse to this? By Allah, I will hurl it at you between your shoulders!" (Muwatta, Book 36, 32)

[Meaning, "I will make you abide by it."]

XXII: Pouring out wine in the street

2332. It is related from Anas, "While I was serving wine to the people in the house of Abu Talha - and at that time their wine was made from dates, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commanded that a caller announce, 'Wine has been made unlawful!'" Anas said, "Abu Talha said to me, 'Go out and spill it.' So I went out and spilled it and it flowed in the streets of Madina. Some people said, 'People were killed while there was wine in their stomachs.' So Allah revealed, 'Those who believe and do right actions are not to blame for what they have consumed (in the past).' (5:93)"

XXIII: The courtyards of houses and sitting in them and sitting on roads

'A'isha said, "Abu Bakr built a mosque in the courtyard of his house in which he prayed and recited Qur'an. The women and children of the idolaters used to crowd around him, marvelling at him. At that time the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was still in Makka."

2333. It is related from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Beware of sitting in the roadways." They said, "Messenger of Allah. we must have places where we can sit and talk together." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If you must sit there, then give the roadway its rights." They asked, "What are the rights of the roadway, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "Lowering the eye, refraining from causing annoyance, returning the greeting, commanding the right and forbidding the wrong."

XXIV: Wells on roads if they do not cause harm

2334. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "While a man was on a road, he became very thirsty and he found a well and went down into it. He drank and then came out. There was a dog panting and eating mud out of thirst. The man said, 'This dog has become as thirsty as I was.' So he went down the well and filled up his shoe with water and the let the dog drink. So Allah thanked him and forgave him.'" They said, "Messenger of Allah, do we have a reward for dumb animals?" He said, "There is a reward for every living thing [lit. with a moist liver]."

XXV: Removing harm

It is related from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Removing harm from the road is sadaqa."

XXVI: The upper room and the high room overlooking and not overlooking roofs and others

2335. It is related that Usama ibn Zayd said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked out on one of the stone castles of Madina and said, 'Do you see what I see? I see the places of sedition lying amidst your houses like spots of rain.'"

2336. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas said, "I was eager to ask 'Umar  about the two women among the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about whom Allah says, 'If the two of you would turn to Allah, for your hearts clearly deviated.' (66:4) I went on hajj with him and he went aside, and I went aside with him with a water vessel. He went out for a call of nature and when he came back, I poured some of the water from the vessel on his hands and he did wudu'. I said, 'Amir al-Mu'minin, who are the two wives of the Prophet. may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about whom Allah says, "If the two of you would turn to Allah, for your hearts clearly deviated"?' He said, 'I am surprised at your question, Ibn 'Abbas. That was 'A'isha and Hafsa.' Then 'Umar proceded to relate the hadith.

"He said, 'I and a neighbour of mine from the Ansar were among the Banu Umayya ibn Zayd, which is part of the 'Awali area of Madina. We used to take it in turns to visit the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He would go one day and I would go the next. When I went, I would bring him the news of that day of the revelation and other things. When he went, he did the same. We, the company of Quraysh, used to dominate women, and when we came to the Ansar, they were a people who were dominated by their women. So our women began to adopt the manner of the women of the Ansar. Once I shouted at my wife and she answered me back. I disliked that she should answer me back. She said, "Do you dislike that I should answer you back? By Allah, the wives of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, answer him back! Some of them might not have anything to do with him for the entire day until night!" That alarmed me, so I said, "The one among them who has done this will incur a terrible loss!"

"Then I put on my clothes and visited Hafsa. I said, "Hafsa! Does one of you anger the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for the entire day until night?" She replied, "Yes." I said, "She is ruined and lost! Does she feel secure that Allah will not become angry by the anger of His Messenger, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, so that she will be destroyed? Do not ask from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, too much and do not answer him back in anything and do not refuse to speak to him. Ask me what you like. Do not be tempted into being like your neighbour since she is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace," meaning 'A'isha.

"'We were saying that Ghassan were getting ready their mounts to attack us. Once, on a day when it was his turn, my friend went down. He returned in the evening and banged loudly on my door and said, "Is he here?" I was alarmed and came out to him. He said, "Something terrible has happened." I said, "Has Ghassan come?" He said, "No, something worse still and even more serious. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has divorced his wives." I said, "Hafsa is ruined and lost!" I used to think that this was about to happen. I got dressed and prayed the Fajr prayer with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He entered a small upper room of him and withdrew into it. I went to Hafsa and found her weeping. I asked, "Why are you weeping? Didn't I warn you? Has the Messenger of Allah divorced you all?" She said, "I do not know. He is in his small upper room."

"'I went out and went to the minbar, A group of people were around it and some of them were weeping. I sat with them a short while and then what I felt overcame me. I went to the small room where he was and I said to a black slave of him, "Ask permission for 'Umar to enter." He went in and spoke to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and then came out and said, "I mentioned you to him but he was silent." So I went away and sat with the group who were at the minbar. Then what I felt overcame me and I went - and he mentioned the like of it. Then I sat with the group who were at the minbar. Then what I felt overpowered me and I went to the slave and said, "Ask permission for 'Umar, to enter" - and he mentioned the like. When I turned to go, suddenly the slave called me, saying, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gives you permission to enter."

"'So I went into him. He was lying down on a woven mat. There was no bedding between him and it and I could see the mark of the mat on his side. He was reclining on a leather cushion stuffed with palm fibre. I greeted him and then I asked while I was standing, "Have you divorced your wives?" He looked up at me and replied, "No." Then I said, sociably while I was standing, "Messenger of Allah, will you listen to me? We, the company of Quraysh, used to dominate our women. Then we came to a people whose women dominate them..." (and he mentioned it.) The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, smiled. Then I said, "Will you listen to me? I visited Hafsa and I said, 'Do not be tempted into being like your neighbour since she is more beautiful than you and more beloved to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,'" meaning 'A'isha. He smiled again. I sat down when I saw him smile. I raised my eyes to look about the room and, by Allah, I did not see anything of note in it except for three hides. I said, "Ask Allah to enrich your community. Persia and Byzantium were made rich and were given this world but they did not worship Allah." He was reclining and then he said, "Do you have any doubts, Ibn al-Khattab? Those people were repaid for their good actions in the life of this world." I said, "Messenger of Allah, ask forgiveness for me."

"'The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had withdrawn because of the story which Hafsa divulged to 'A'isha. He had said, "I will not go to them for a month," because of the intensity of his anger towards them when Allah rebuked him."

"'When twenty-nine days had passed, he went to 'A'isha and began with her. 'A'isha said to him, "You swore that you would not come to us for a month. Twenty-nine days have passed. I have counted them." The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The month is twenty-nine days." That month was twenty-nine days.'"

'A'isha said, "The ayat of choice was sent down and the Prophet began first with me and said, 'I am telling you something and you do not have to hurry before you consult your parents.' I said, 'I know that my parents would not tell me to part from you.' Then he said, 'Allah says, "O Prophet, tell your wives, 'If you desire the life of this world and its finery. . .(to) . . . a huge reward.'" (33:28-29)" I said, 'Am I to consult my parents about this? I desire Allah and His Messenger and the Next Abode.'" Then he gave his wives a choice and they spoke as 'A'isha had done.

2337. It is related from Anas, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, swore that he would not go to his wives for a mouth, and his foot was sprained. He sat in an upper room of his. 'Umar came and said, 'Have you divorced your wives?' He said, 'No, but I have sworn not to go them for a month.' He remained for twenty-none days and then came down and went to his wives."

XXVII: The one who hobbles his camel on the pavement or at the door of the mosque

2338. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered the mosque and I went in to him after hobbling my came in a corner of the pavement. I said, 'This is your camel.' He came out and began to look over the camel. He said, 'Both the price and the camel are yours.'"

XXVIII: Standing and urinating at the rubbish dump of people

2339. It is related that Hudhayfa said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace," or he said "The Prophet. may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to the rubbish dump of some people and urinated standing."

XXIX: The one who removes a branch or what will injure people from the road and throws it away

2340. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If a man who is walking along on a road finds a thorny branch in the road and removes it, Allah thanks him for doing it and forgives him."

XXX: When people disagee about the public road, which is the wide road, and then its owner of the land wants to build, he should leave seven cubits of the road

2341. It is related that Abu Hurayra was heard to say, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, judged that seven cubits should be left of disputed road."

XXXI: Robbery without the owner's permission

'Ubada said, "We gave allegiance to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, based on us not robbing."

2342. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Yazid al-Ansari said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prohibited robbery and mutilation."

2343. It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The fornicator does not commit fornication while he is a believer, and the one who drinks does not drink wine while he is a believer, and the one who steals does not steal while he is a believer. The one who robs, and people raise their eyes to look at him doing it is not a believer when he robs."

The like of it is from Abu Hurayra from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, without robbery.

Al-Firbari said, "I found in the handwriting of Abu Ja'far, 'Abu 'Abdullah said, "Its explanation is that it (i.e. belief) is removed from him."'"

XXXII: Breaking crosses and killing pigs

2344. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The Last Hour will not come until the son of Mary descends among you as a just ruler and he breaks the crosses, kills the pigs, removes the jizya-tax and money will overflow so that no one accepts it."

XXXIII: Can the casks containing wine be broken or leather wine bags torn? If one breaks an idol, cross or mandolin or whatever is not useful and made of wood?

A case was presented to Shurayh about a broken mandolin, and he did not impose any compensation for it.

2345. It is related from Salama ibn al-Akwa' that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw fires been lit on the Day of Khaybar. He said, "For what are these fires being kindled?" They said, "For (cooking) domestic donkeys." He said, "Break the pots and pour it out." They asked, "Shall we pour it out and wash them?" He said, "Wash them."

2346. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ud said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered Makka when there were three hundred and sixty idols around the Ka'ba. He began to poke them with a stick in his hand, saying, 'Truth has come and falsehood has vanished.'" (17:81)

2347. It is related that 'A'isha had put a curtain with figures on it on a cupboard of hers. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, tore it in half and she made it into two cushions which were in the house to sit on.

XXXIV: The one who fights to defend his property

2348. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr said, "I heard the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, ''Anyone who is killed defending his property is a martyr.'"

XXXV: When someone breaks a wooden bowl or something belonging to someone else

2349. It is related from Anas that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was with one of his wives when one of the Mothers of the Believers sent a servant with a bowl containing some food. She [the wife he was with] struck it with her hand and broke the bowl. He put it together and put the food in it and said, 'Eat.' The Messenger kept the servant and the bowl until they had finished. Then he gave him a sound bowl and kept the broken one."

[It was 'A'isha who broke it. It is said that it is Safiyya who sent it, but other wives are mentioned as well.]

Another isnad from Anas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

XXXVI: When someone demolishes a wall, he should erect one like it

2350. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There was a man among the tribe of Israel called Jurayj who used to pray. His mother came to him and called him and he refused to answer her. He said, 'Shall I answer her or prayer?' Then she came to him and said, 'O Allah, do not let him die without having looked into the face of a prostitute!' Jurayj was in his hermitage and a woman said, 'I will seduce Jurayj.' She displayed herself to him and spoke to him, but he refused. She went to a shepherd and offered herself to him. She gave birth to a boy. She said, 'It is by Jurayj.' They went to him and pulled down his hermitage, brought him out of it and abused him. He did wudu' and prayed. Then he went to the boy and said, 'Who is your father, boy?' He said, 'The shepherd.' They said, 'We will build your hermitage out of gold.' He said. 'No, from mud.'"