Tahajjud Prayers

The Sahih Collection of al-Bukhari

by Imam Bukhari
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

Chapter 25. Tahajjud Prayers

I: Tahajjud at night

The words of Allah, the Mighty and Exalted, "And stay awake for prayer during part of the night as a supererogatory action for yourself." (17:79)

1069. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas was heard to say, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up in the night to pray tahajjud, he would say, 'O Allah, Yours is the praise. You are the upholder of the heavens and the earth and everyone in them. Yours is the praise. Yours is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth and everyone in them. Yours is the praise - Light of the heavens and the earth - Yours is the praise. You are the Truth. Your promise is true. The meeting with You is true. Your word is true. The Garden is true and the Fire is true. The Prophets are true and Muhammad is true. The Hour is true. O Allah, I have submitted to You and I have believed in You. In You I have put my trust and to You I turn. I argue by You and take You as arbitrator. Forgive me my past and future wrong actions and what I keep secret and what I make known. You are the One who puts forward and defers. There is no god but You - or there is no god other than You.'"

'Abdu'l-Karim Abu Umayya added, "There is no power nor strength except by Allah."

Tawus related it from Ibn 'Abbas from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

II: The excellence of getting up for prayer at night

1070. It is related from Salim that his father said, "In the lifetime of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, if someone had a dream, he would recount it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I wanted to have a dream so that I could recount it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. I was a youth and used to sleep in the mosque during the time of the Messenger of Allah. I dreamt that two angels took me and brought me to the Fire which was enclosed like a well. It had two sides and there were people in it whom I recognised. I began to say, 'I seek refuge with Allah from the Fire.' Then I met another man who said to me, 'Do not be alarmed.' I told the dream to Hafsa who told it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, ''Abdullah is an excellent man. If only he would pray during the night.'" After that he spent very little of the night asleep.

III: Lengthening the sajda in night prayers

1071. It is related from 'A'isha, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray eleven rak'ats. Such was his prayer. In them he would stay in sajda long enough for one of you to recite fifty ayats before lifting his head. He would pray two rak'ats before the Fajr prayer and then lie down on his right side until someone came to him to call him to the prayer."

IV: A sick person not doing the night prayer

1072. It is related that Jundub said, "Once the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was ill and did not get up for one or two nights."

1073. It is related that Jundub ibn 'Abdullah said, "Jibril did not come to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, for a time and a Qurayshi woman remarked, 'His shaytan has kept him waiting.' Then the revelation came, 'By the brightness of the morning and the night when it is still, your Lord has not abandoned you nor does He hate you.' (93:1-3)"

V: The Prophet encouraging people to do the night prayer and supererogatory prayers without making them obligatory

The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, knocked at the door of Fatima and 'Ali, peace be upon them, during the night to get them up for the prayer.

1074. Umm Salama said, "One night the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, woke up and said, 'Glory be to Allah! How many afflictions have been revealed tonight and how many treasures disclosed! Go and wake up the women of the rooms Many a person who is dressed in this world will be naked in the Next!'"

1075. It is related from 'Ali ibn Abi Talib that one night the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to him and Fatima daughter of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and knocked at their door. "He said, 'Do you not pray?' I said, 'Messenger of Allah, our souls are in the hand of Allah. If He wishes to wake us up, we wake up.' When I said that he left without another word. But then I heard him turning and striking his thigh, saying, "But of all things man is the most argumentative!"(18:54)'"

1076. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to sometimes stop doing an action, in spite of it being something he loved to do, out of the fear that other people might do it and it would become obligatory for them. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, never prayed the Duha prayer, but I pray it." (Muwatta, Book 9, 32)

1077. It is related from 'A'isha, the Umm al-Mu'minin, "One night the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed in the mosque and some people prayed together with him. Then he prayed the next night and there were more people. Then they gathered on the third or fourth night, but the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not go out to them. In the morning, he said, 'I saw what you were doing and the only thing that kept me from coming out to you was that I was afraid that it would be made obligatory for you.' That was in Ramadan."

VI: The Prophet standing in prayer until his feet were swollen

'A'isha said, "until his feet were cracked." Futur means cracking and infatarat means to be cracked.

1078. It is related that al-Mughira said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to stand in prayer until his feet - or legs - were swollen. He was asked about it and said, 'Should I not be a grateful slave?'"

VII: Someone sleeping in the time before dawn

1079. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The prayer Allah loves most is the prayer of Da'ud, peace be upon him, and the fast which Allah loves most is the fast of Da'ud, peace be upon him. He used to sleep half the night, pray for for a third and then go to sleep again for a sixth, and he used to fast every other day."

1080. It is related that Masruq said, "I asked 'A'isha, 'What action did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, love most?' She said, 'That which is done with constancy.' I said, 'When would he get up?' She said, 'He used to get up when he heard the cock crow.'"

1081. It is related that al-Ash'ath said, "When he heard the cock crow, he got up and prayed."

1082. It is related that 'A'isha said, "Whenever he was with me in the time just before dawn he spent it sleeping."

VIII: Someone eating sahur and then not sleeping until after praying Subh

1083. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Zayd ibn Thabit would eat sahur and when they had finished it, the Prophet of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would get up to pray and then perform the prayer." Qatada said, "We asked Anas, 'How long was there between their finishing sahur and beginning the prayer?' He answered, 'As long as it takes a man to recite fifty ayats.'"

IX: Standing for a long time in the night prayer

1084. It is related from Abu Wa'il that 'Abdullah said, "I prayed one night with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and he kept on standing so long that I thought of doing something bad." Abu Wa'il said, "We said, 'What did you think of doing?' He said, 'I thought of sitting down and leaving the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.'"

1085. It is related from Hudhayfa, "When the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, got up for tahajjud in the night, he would clean out his mouth with the siwak."

X: How the Prophet prayed and how many rak'ats the Prophet prayed at night

1086. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "A man asked, 'Messenger of Allah, what form does the night prayer take?' He said, 'It is two by two, and when you fear the coming of Subh, perform one for the witr.'"

1087. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, " The prayer of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to be thirteen rak'ats," meaning at night.

1088. It is related that Masruq said, "I asked 'A'isha about the prayer of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at night. She said, 'It was seven, nine or eleven rak'ats not counting the two rak'ats of Fajr."

1089. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray thirteen rak'ats during the night, including the witr and the two rak'ats of Fajr."

XI: The Prophet waking up at night for night prayers and the amount of the night prayer that was abrogated

This is in reference to the words of Allah Almighty, "O you enwrapped in your clothing, stay up at night, except a little, half of it, or a little less, or a little more, and recite the Qur'an distinctly. We will impose a weighty Word upon you. Certainly rising at night has a stronger effect and is more conducive to concentration. In the daytime much of your time is taken up by business matters," (73:1-7)

And His words, "He knows you will not keep count of it, so He has turned towards you. Recite as much of the Qur'an as is easy for you. He knows that some of you are ill and that others are travelling in the land seeking Allah's bounty, and that others are fighting in the Way of Allah. So recite as much of it as is easy for you. And establish the prayer and pay zakat and lend a good loan to Allah. Whatever good you forward for yourselves you will find it with Allah as something better and as a greater reward." (73:20)

Ibn 'Abbas said, "Nasha' is to get up in Abyssinian. Wata' refers to the weight of the Qur'an meaning its being intensely approved of by his ears, eyes and heart. Wata'a means to be in agreement."

1090. It is related that Anas said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used sometimes not to fast for so much of a month that we thought that he would not fast for any of it, and other times he would fast so much that we thought that he would not break his fast at all. If you wanted to see him doing nothing but praying all night, you could see him doing that, or doing nothing but sleeping, you could see him doing that as well."

Sulayman and Abu Khalid al-Ahmar corroborated it from Humayd.

XII: Shaytan tying knots at the back of the head if someone does not pray during the night

1091. It is related from Abu Hurayra, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Shaytan ties three knots at the back of your heads when you are asleep. He hits every knot with the words, 'You have a long night ahead of you so sleep tight.' When you wake up and remember Allah, one knot is undone. When you do wudu', one knot is undone. When you pray, one knot is undone. So morning finds you cheerful and energetic. Otherwise, morning finds you lazy and foul-tempered.'" (Muwatta, Book 9, 98)

1092. It is related from Samura ibn Jundub that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said about a dream he had, "The man whose head was being crushed by a rock was someone who accepted the Qur'an but then rejected it and slept through the obligatory prayer."

XIII: If someone sleeps and does not do the prayer, Shaytan has urinated in his ear

1093. It is related that 'Abdullah said, "A man was mentioned in the presence of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and it was said of him that he had continued to sleep into the morning without having got up for the prayer. He said, 'Shaytan urinated in his ear.'"

XIV: Supplication and prayer during the last part of the night

Allah says, "The part of the night they spent asleep was small and they would seek forgiveness before dawn." (51:17)

1094. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Every night, when a third of the night remains, Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, descends to the lowest heaven saying, 'Is there anyone calling on Me that I may answer him? Is there anyone asking anything of Me that I may give it to him? Is there anyone asking forgiveness of Me that I may forgive him?'"

XV: Someone sleeping for the first part of the night and getting up for the last part

Salman said to Abu'd-Darda', "Sleep!" and then when the last of the night arrived he said, "Get up!" The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Salman was right."

1095. It is related that al-Aswad said, "I asked 'A'isha what the prayer of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, at night was like and she said, 'He used to sleep for the first part and then get up during the last part, pray and then go back to bed again. When the mu'adhdhin gave the adhan, he would get up. If he needed to, he would do ghusl. Otherwise he would do wudu' and leave.'"

XVI: The prayer of the Prophet at night, in Ramadan and other times

1096. It is related that Abu Salama ibn 'Abdu'r-Rahman reported that he asked 'A'isha, "What was the prayer of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in Ramadan like?" She said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did not do more than eleven rak'ats during Ramadan or at any other time. He would pray four rak'ats - do not ask about their beauty or length - and then he would pray four more - and do not ask about their beauty or length - and then he would pray three." She went on, "I said, 'Messenger of Allah, do you sleep before the witr?' he said, ''A'isha, my eyes sleep but my heart does not sleep.'"

1097. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I did not see the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, reciting in the night prayer sitting down until late in his life. When thirty or forty ayats of the sura remained, he would stand up and recite them and then do ruku'."

XVII: The excellence of being in a state of purity night and day and the excellence of praying after wudu' night and day

1098. It is related from Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to Bilal at the Fajr prayer, "Bilal, tell me that action that you have done since entering Islam which gives you the most reason to hope for I heard the sound of your sandals ahead of me in the Garden." He said, "I have done no action which gives me more reason to hope than that of never purifying myself at any time of the night or day without then praying after that purification as much as is written for me to pray.'

Abu 'Abdullah said, "The 'sound of your sandals' means their movement."

XVIII: How it is disliked to go to excess in worship

1099. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered the mosque and there was a rope hanging between two pillars. He said, 'What is this rope?' They said, 'The rope belongs to Zaynab. When she is tired, she hangs on to it.' The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'No - remove it. You should pray as long as you have the energy for it. When you are tired, you should sit down.'"

1100. It is related that 'A'isha said, "Once when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came in, there was a woman from the Banu Asad with me. He said, 'Who is this?' I said, 'So-and-so. She does not sleep at night,' and she mentioned the amount she used to pray. He said, 'Stop! You should only do actions which are within your capacity. Allah does not tire provided you do not tire.'"

XIX: How it is disliked for someone to stop doing the night prayer when he has been used to doing it

1101. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, "'Abdullah, do not be like so-and-so who used to pray at night and then stopped doing it.'"

With a slightly different isnad.

'Amr ibn Abi Salama corroborated it from al-Awza'i.

1102. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'As said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to me, 'Have I not been told that you pray at night and fast in the day?'I said, 'I do that.' He said, 'If you do that, your eyes will become weak and you will become exhausted. Your body has a right on you and your family has a right on you, so fast and break your fast and pray and then sleep.'"

XX: The excellence of someone who wakes up at night and prays

1103. It is related from 'Ubada ibn as-Samit that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "If someone wakes up at night and says, 'There is no god but Allah alone with no partner. The kingdom is His and His is the praise. He has power over everything. Praise belongs to Allah. Glory be to Allah. There is no god but Allah. Allah is greater. There is no strength nor power except by Allah,' and then says, 'O Allah, forgive me' or makes supplication to Allah,' it will be answered. If he does wudu', then his prayer will be accepted."

1104. It is related from Abu Hurayra in one of his stories when he was mentioning the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Your brother, meaning 'Abdullah ibn Rawaha, does not come out with lewdness:

'Among us is the Messenger of Allah who recites His Book
as the sun appears shining at daybreak.

He brought guidance after our blindness, and so our hearts
are certain that what he says will take place.

He spends the night, his side shunning his bed, while
the idolaters beds hold them in deepest sleep.'"

Al-A'raj corroborated it from Abu Hurayra.

1105. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "In the time of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, I dreamt that I had a piece of silk in my hand and it flew me to whatever place in the Garden I wished to go. I saw two people who came to me and wanted to take me to the Fire. An angel met us and said, 'Do not be alarmed. Leave him.' Hafsa related one of my dreams to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, ''Abdullah is an excellent man. If only he would pray at night!'" Nafi' said, "So 'Abdullah then used to pray at night. They used to tell the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, their dreams that (the Night of Power) was on the twenty-seventh. The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'I see that your dreams agree on the last ten nights. Whoever is looking for it, should look during the last ten.'"

XXI: Performing the two rak'ats of Fajr on a regular basis

1106. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, prayed 'Isha' and then prayed eight rak'ats and then two rak'ats sitting. He prayed two rak'ats between the adhan and the iqama and never missed them."

XXII: Lying on the right side after the two rak'ats of Fajr

1107. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, would lie down on his right side after praying the two rak'ats of Fajr."

XXIII: Someone conversing after the two rak'ats and not lying down

1108. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray the two rak'ats and, if I was awake, he would speak with me, otherwise he would lie down until the prayer was announced."

XXIV: What has come down about doing voluntary prayers in groups of two rak'ats

This is mentioned from 'Ammar, Abu Dharr, Anas, Jabir ibn Zayd. 'Ikrima, and az-Zuhri. Yahya ibn Sa'id said, "All the scholars of our land, with whom I came into contact, did the taslim after every pair of rak'ats prayed during the day."

1109. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to teach us the Istikhara, asking for the good in all matters, as he would teach us a sura of the Qur'an. He said, 'When one of you is intending to do something, he should pray two rak'ats outside the obligatory prayer and then say, 'O Allah, I ask You for the best by Your knowledge and I ask You for strength by Your power and I ask You for some of Your immense bounty. You have power and I do not. You know and I do not. You are the Knower of the Unseen worlds. O Allah, if You know that this matter is good for me in my deen and my livelihood and the end of my affair (or he said, 'my affair sooner and later'), then ordain it for me and make it easy for me and then bless me in it. If You know that this matter is bad for me in my deen and my livelihood and the end of my affair (or he said, 'my affair sooner and later'), then avert it from me and avert me from it and ordain something better for me wherever it may lie and make me content with it.' He added, 'Then he should name the thing he wants to do.'"

1110. It is related that Abu Qatada ibn Rib'i al-Ansari said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'When one of you enters the mosque, he should not sit down until he has prayed two rak'ats."

1111. It is related that Anas ibn Malik said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, led us in a two rak'at prayer and then left."

1112. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I prayed two rak'ats with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, before Dhuhr, two rak'ats after Dhuhr, two rak'ats after Jumu'a, two rak'ats after Maghrib and two rak'ats after 'Isha'."

1113. It is related that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "While the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was giving the khutba, he said, 'When one of you comes in while the Imam is giving the khutba or has come out for it, he should pray two rak'ats."

1114. It is related that Mujhaid was heard to say, "Someone came to Ibn 'Umar in his house and told him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had entered the Ka'ba. He said, 'I went and found that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had come out and I found Bilal standing at the door. I said, "Bilal! Did the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray inside the Ka'ba?" He said, "Yes." I said, "Where?" He said, "Between these two pillars and then he came out and prayed two rak'ats in front of the Ka'ba."'"

Abu Hurayra said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered me to pray the two rak'ats of Duha."

'Itban said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr came to me in the morning after the day had begun and we formed rows behind him and he prayed two rak'ats."

XXV: Talking, i.e. after the two rak'ats of Fajr

1115. It is related from 'A'isha that: "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray two rak'ats and then, if I was awake, he would talk to me, otherwise he would lie down." 'Ali ibn 'Abdullah said, "I said to Sufyan, 'Some of them relate it as "the two rak'ats of Fajr"' Sufyan said, 'That is how it is.'"

XXVI: Being in the habit of praying the two rak'ats of Fajr and calling them "voluntary (tatawwu')"

1116. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was never regular in any of the nawafil prayers the way he was in the two rak'ats of Fajr."

XXVII: What should be recited in the two rak'ats of Fajr

1117. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray thirteen rak'ats at night and then he would pray two quick rak'ats when he heard the call for Subh."

1118. It is related that 'A'isha said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray the two rak'ats before Subh so quickly that I would say, 'Has he recited the Fatiha (Umm al-Kitab)'?"

XXVIII: Doing voluntary prayers after the obligatory prayers

1119. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "I prayed two rak'ats with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, before Dhuhr, two rak'ats after Dhuhr, two rak'ats after Maghrib, two rak'ats after 'Isha', and two rak'ats after Jumu'a. Maghrib and 'Isha' were in his house."

It was related from Nafi' that after 'Isha' he was with his family.

It is corroborated from Nafi', "My sister Hafsa related to me that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to pray two light rak'ats after dawn. This was a time when I never visited the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

It was corroborated from Nafi' that he was with his family after 'Isha'.

XXIX: Someone not praying voluntary prayers after the obligatory ones

1120. It is related that Ibn 'Abbas said, "I prayed with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, eight rak'ats (for Dhuhr and 'Asr) and seven (for Maghrib and 'Isha')." 'Amr said, "Abu'sh-Sha'tha', I think that he delayed Dhuhr and prayed 'Asr early and prayed 'Isha' early and delayed Maghrib.' He said, 'I think so too.'"

XXX: The Duha prayer on a journey

1121. It is related that Muwarriq said, "I askedIbn 'Umar, 'Do you prayer Duha?' He said, 'No.' I asked, 'Did 'Umar?' He replied, 'No.' I said, 'Did Abu Bakr?' He answered, 'No.' I asked, 'Did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' He said, 'I do not think so.'"

1122. It is related that 'Abdu'r-Rahman ibn Abi Layla said, "No one but Umm Hani' informed us that they had seen the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray Duha. She mentioned that on the day Makka was conquered, the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, did ghusl in her house and prayed eight rak'ats. 'I never saw him do a more rudimentary prayer than it, but he did a complete ruku' and sujud.'"

XXXI: Someone not praying Duha but considering it allowed

1123. It is related that 'A'isha said, "I did not see the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray the supererogatory prayer of Duha, but I pray it."

XXXII: Doing the Duha prayer when one is resident.

'Itban ibn Malik mentioned that from the Prophet.

1124. It is related that Abu Hurayra said, "My friend told me to do three things which I will not give up until I die: to fast three days in every month, to do the Duha prayer, and to do the witr before going to sleep."

1125. It is related that Anas ibn Malik al-Ansari said, "A man of the Ansar who was fat said to the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, 'I am unable to do the prayer with you.' He prepared some food for the Prophet. may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and invited him to his house. He sprinkled one side of a mat with water and he (the Prophet) prayed two rak'ats on it." So-and-so son of so-and-so son al-Jarud said to Anas, "Did the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, pray Duha?" He said, "I did not see him pray it except on that day."

XXXIII: Two rak'ats before Dhuhr

1126. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "I took by heart ten rak'ats from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, - two rak'ats before Dhuhr and two after it, two rak'ats after Maghrib in his house, two rak'ats after 'Isha', and two rak'ats before the Subh prayer which was a time when no one visited the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Hafsa told me that when the mu'adhdhin had given the adhan and dawn had arrived, he would pray two rak'ats."

1127. It is related from 'A'isha, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, never left out the four rak'ats before Dhuhr and the two before Subh."

Ibn Abi 'Adi and 'Amr corroborated it from Sha'ba.

XXXIV: Praying before Maghrib

1128. It is related from 'Abdullah al-Muzani that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,  said, "Pray before Maghrib," adding after saying it a third time, "For whoever wishes to do so," not wanting people to adopt it as a sunna.

1129. It is related that Marthad ibn 'Abdullah al-Yazani said, "I came to 'Uqba ibn 'Amir al-Juhani and said, 'Does it not surprise you that Abu Tamim prays two rak'ats before the Maghrib prayer?' 'Uqba said, 'We used to do that in the time of the Messenger of Allah.' I said, 'What prevents you from doing it now?' He said, 'Business.'"

XXXV: Doing superogatory prayers in a group

Anas and 'A'isha mentioned this from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

1130. It is related from Mahmud ibn ar-Rabi' that he remembered the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and remembered him spitting a mouthful of water from a well in their house into his face. He said that he heard 'Itban ibn Malik al-Ansari, one of those who was present at Badr, say, 'I used to lead my people in prayer at Banu Salim and there was a river-bed between me and them. When the rains came, it was difficult for me to cross it to get to their mosque. So I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and said to him, "Messenger of Allah, my eyesight is weak and when it rains, the water floods the river-bed between me and them so that I am unable to get to their mosque and lead them in the prayer. Messenger of Allah, I would very much like you to come and pray in my house so that I could take it as a prayer-place." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I will do that." The following day when the sun was well up, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Abu Bakr came and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked for permission to enter and I gave him permission. He did not sit down when he entered the house but said, "Where in your house would you like me to pray." I pointed out to him the place where I wanted to pray. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood and said the takbir, and we formed rows behind him. He prayed two rak'ats and then said the taslim and we said the taslim when he did. I persuaded him stay with us to eat a dish of khazira [meat soup] which had been prepared for him. The people of the area heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in our house and quite a number of their men gathered in the house and one of them said, "What has happened to Malik? I do not see him." Another of them said, "That man is a hypocrite who does not love Allah and His Messenger." The Messenger of Allah* said, "Do not say that. Do you not see that he has said, 'There is no god but Allah,' desiring by that nothing but the face of Allah?" The man said, "Allah and His Messenger know best, but, by Allah, we have only seen him loving and advising the hypocrites." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace,said, "Allah has forbidden the Fire for anyone who says 'There is no god but Allah' desiring by that the face of Allah." ' "

Mahmud said, "I related this to some people, one of whom was Abu Ayyub, the Companion of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the expedition in which he died, and over which Yazid ibn Mu'awiya had command, in Byzantine territory. Abu Ayyub objected to me saying it and said, 'By Allah, I do not think that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ever said what you said.' That was hard for me to endure and I vowed to Allah that if I was spared, I would return from that expedition to ask 'Itban ibn Malik about it if I found him still alive in the mosque of his people. So I returned and put on ihram for hajj or 'umra and then travelled until I reached Madina. I went to the Banu Salim and 'Itban was an old blind man who still led his people in the prayer. When he said the taslim for the prayer, I greeted him and told him who I was and then asked him about that hadith. He related it to me as he had related it the first time."

XXXVI: Supererogatory prayers at home

1131. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do some of your prayers in your houses and do not turn them into graves."

'Abdu'l-Wahhab corroborated it from Ayyub.

XXXVII: The Excellence of praying in the mosques of Makka and Madina

1132. It is related that Qaza'a said, "I heard Abu Sa'id £ say four words. He said, 'I heard it from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.' He went on twelve expeditions with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

1133. It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not make a special journey except to three mosques: the Masjid al-Haram, the Mosque of the Messenger and the Masjid al-Aqsa."

It is related that Abu Hurayra said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "One prayer in this mosque of mine is better than a thousand prayers in any other mosque except the Masjid al-Haram."

XXXVIII: The mosque of Quba'

1134. It is related from Nafi' that Ibn 'Umar only prayed the Duha prayer on two occasions: the day he arrived in Makka - and he used to arrive in Makka in the morning and do tawaf of the House and then pray two rak'ats behind the Maqam - and when he visited the mosque of Quba' which he used to do every Saturday. When he entered the mosque he disliked leaving it without having prayed in it. He related that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to visit it both riding and on foot. He used to say, "I do as I saw my companions doing and I do not forbid anyone to pray at any hour he wishes in the day or night, although one should not intend to pray at the rising or setting of the sun."

XXXIX: Visiting the mosque of Quba' every Saturday

1135. It is related from 'Abdullah ibn Dinar that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to visit the Quba' mosque every Saturday either on foot or riding." 'Abdullah used also to do it.

XL: Going to the mosque of Quba' on foot and riding

1136. It is related that Ibn 'Umar said, "The Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to go to Quba' both on foot and riding." Nafi' added, "And he would pray two rak'ats in it." (Muwatta, Book 9, 74)

XLI: The excellence of the place between the grave and the minbar

1137. It is related that 'Abdullah ibn Zayd al-Mazini narrated that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The space between my room and my minbar is one of the meadows of the Garden."

1138. It is related that Abu Hurayra that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The space between my room and my minbar is one of the meadows of the Garden, and my minbar is on top of my Basin."

["My room" is the place where his grave is now located.]

XLII: The mosque of Jerusalem

1139. It is related that Qaza'a, the mawla of Ziyad, said, "I heard Abu Sa'id al-Khudri relate four things from the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, which pleased and delighted me. He said, "A woman should not go on a two day journey except with her husband or a mahram. There is no fasting on two days: the Day of Fitr and that of al-Adha. There is no prayer after two prayers: after Subh until the sun rises and after 'Asr until the sun sets. And there should be no special journey except to three mosques: the Masjid al-Haram, the Masjid al-Aqsa and my mosque."