The Times of Prayer

Al-Muwatta' of Imam Malik

by Imam Malik ibn Anas
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

53.0 Greetings

 

53.1 Behaviour in the Greeting

1 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The one riding should greet the one walking, and when one of a group of people gives a greeting, it is enough for all of them."

2 Yahya related to me from Malik from Wahb ibn Kaysan that Muhammad ibn 'Amr ibn 'Ata' said, "I was sitting with 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas when a Yemeni 'I was sitting with 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas when a Yemeni man came in. He said, "Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah and His blessing (as-Salamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullah wa barakatuhu)" and then he added something more to that. Ibn 'Abbas said (at that time his eyesight had gone), "Who is this?" People said, "This is a Yemeni who has come to see you," and they introduced him, Ibn 'Abbas said, "The greeting ends with the word blessing."'"

Yahya said that Malik was asked, "Does one greet a woman?" He said, "As for an old woman, I do not disapprove of it. As for a young woman, I do not like it."

 

53.2 Greeting Jews and Christians

3 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abdullah ibn Dinar that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When a Jew greets you and says, 'Poison to you (as-Samu 'alaykum)', say, 'And to you.' "

[Bukhari and Muslim]

Yahya said that Malik was asked whether a person who greeted a Jew or Christian should apologise for it. He said, "No."

 

53.3 General Section on the Greeting

4 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha from Abu Murra, the mawla of 'Aqil ibn Abi Talib, from Abu Waqid al-Laythi that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was sitting in the mosque with some people when three people came in. Two of them came towards the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and one went away. When the two stopped at the assembly of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, they gave the greeting. One of them saw a gap in the circle and sat in it. The other sat down behind the circle. The third turned away and left. When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, finished, he said, "Shall I tell you about three people? One of them sought shelter with Allah, so Allah gave him shelter. The other was shy, so Allah was shy to him. The other turned away, so Allah turned away from him."

[cf Bukhari 66; also in Muslim]

5 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha that Anas ibn Malik heard 'Umar ibn al-Khattab return the greeting of a man who greeted him. Then 'Umar asked the man, "How are you?" He said, "I praise Allah to you (ahmadu ilayka'llah)." 'Umar said, "That is what I wanted from you."

6 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn Abdullah ibn Abi Talha that at-Tufayl ibn Ubayy ibn Ka'b told him that he visited 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar one morning and went out with him to the market, and when they were out, 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar did not pass by anyone selling poor merchandise or selling commodities or a needy person or anyone without greeting them.

At-Tufyal said, "I came to 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar one day and he asked me to follow him to the market. I said to him, 'What will you do in the market if you will not stop to sell nor seek any goods or barter with them or sit in any of the assemblies of the market?' 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said that we should sit down and talk, and then he said, 'Abu Batn (lit. father of the belly, as at-Tufayl had a prominent stomach), we go out in the morning only for the sake of the greeting. We greet whomever we meet.' "

7 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that a man greeted 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar. He said, "Peace be upon you and the mercy of Allah and His blessings, on and on." 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said to him, "And on you, a thousand times" as if he disliked that.

8 Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that when one entered an unoccupied house, one should say, "Peace be upon us and on the slaves of Allah who are right-acting (as-salamu 'alayna wa 'ala 'ibadillahi's-salihin)."