The Evil Eye

Al-Muwatta' of Imam Malik

by Imam Malik ibn Anas
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

50.0 The Evil Eye

 

50.1 Wudu' against the Evil Eye

1 Yahya related to me from Malik that Muhammad ibn Abi Umama ibn Sahl ibn Hunayf heard his father say, "My father, Sahl ibn Hunayf, did a ghusl at al-Kharrar. He removed the jubbah he had on while 'Amir ibn Rabi'a was watching, and Sahl was a man with beautiful skin. 'Amir said to him, 'I have never seen anything like I have seen today, not even the skin of a virgin.' Sahl fell ill on the spot and his condition worsened. Somebody went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him that Sahl was ill and could not go with him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to him, and Sahl told him what had happened with 'Amir. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Why does one of you kill his brother? Why did you not say, "May Allah bless you (tabaraka'llah)"? The evil eye is real. Do wudu' against its effects.' 'Amir did wudu' against it and Sahl went with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and there was nothing wrong with him."

[Bukhari and Muslim]

2 Malik related to me from Ibn Shihab that Abu Umama ibn Sahl ibn Hunayf said, "'Amir ibn Rabi'a saw Sahl ibn Hunayf doing a ghusl and said, 'I have not seen the like of what I see today, not even the skin of a maiden who has never been outdoors.' Sahl fell to the ground. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, arrived and it was said, 'Messenger of Allah! Can you do anything about Sahl ibn Hunayf? By Allah, he cannot even lift his head.' He said, 'Do you suspect anyone of it?' They said, 'We suspect 'Amir ibn Rabi'a.' "

He continued, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, summoned 'Amir and was furious with him, saying, 'Why does one of you kill his brother? Why did you not say, "May Allah bless you"? Do ghusl for it!' 'Amir washed his face, hands, elbows, knees, the end of his feet, and inside his lower garment in a vessel. Then he poured it over him, and Sahl went off with the people, and there was nothing wrong with him."

[Ibn Majah]

 

50.2 Guarding against the Evil Eye

3 Yahya related to me from Malik that Humayd ibn Qays al-Makki said, "A man came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, with the two sons of Ja'far ibn Abi Talib. He said to their nursemaid, 'Why are they so thin?' Their nursemaid said, 'Messenger of Allah, the evil eye goes quickly to them. Nothing stops us from asking someone to make talismans (using ayats of Qur'an) for them, except that we do not know what of that would agree with you.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Make talismans for them. Had anything been able to precede the decree, the evil eye would precede it.' "

[In at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]

4 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id from Sulayman ibn Yasar that 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr told him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered the house of Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. There was a child weeping in the house, and they said that it was from the evil eye. 'Urwa said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Why do you not find someone to make a talisman to protect him from the evil eye?' "

[Bukhari and Muslim]

 

50.3 The Reward of the Invalid

5 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from 'Ata' ibn Yasar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When the slave is ill, Allah sends two angels to him." He said, "They look at what he says to his visitors. If he praises Allah when they come to him, they take that up to Allah, the Mighty, the Majestic - and He knows best - and He says, 'If I make My slave die, I will make him enter the Garden. If I heal him, I will replace his flesh with better flesh and his blood with better blood and I will efface his wrong actions."

6 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yazid ibn Khusayfa that 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr said that he heard 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'When a believer is afflicted by something, even a thorn, it removes (or effaces) his wrong actions.' "

Yazid did not know which of them 'Urwa said.

[In Muslim]

7 Yahya related to me from Malik that Muhammad ibn 'Abdullah Ibn Abi Sa'sa'a said that he heard Abu'l-Hubab Sa'id ibn Yasar say that he had heard Abu Hurayra say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Allah afflicts the one for whom He desires good.' "

[In Bukhari]

8 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that death came to a man in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. A man said, "He was fortunate," as he had died without being tried by illness. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Alas for you, what will let you know that if Allah had tried him with illness, He would have wiped out his wrong actions."

 

50.4 Seeking Refuge and Using Talismans in Illness

9 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yazid ibn Khusayfa that 'Amr ibn 'Abdullah ibn Ka'b as-Salami told him that Nafi' ibn Jubayr came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. 'Uthman ibn Abi al-'As also came to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. 'Uthman said that he had a pain which was enough to kill him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, "Rub it with your right hand seven times and say, 'I take refuge with the might of Allah and His power from the evil of what I feel.' "

'Uthman added, "I said that and Allah removed what I had. I still command my family and others to say it."

[In Abu Dawud and at-Tirmidhi]

10 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr from 'A'isha that when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had a complaint, he would recite the last three suras of the Qur'an over himself and blow. She said, "When his pain was great, I would recite it over him and wipe him with his right hand hoping for its blessing."

[Bukhari and Muslim]

11 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id from 'Amra bint 'Abd ar-Rahman that Abu Bakr as-Siddiq visited 'A'isha at a time when she had a complaint and a Jewish woman was writing a talisman for her. Abu Bakr said, "Write it for her from the Book of Allah."

 

50.5 Treating the Invalid

12 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that a man received a wound in the time of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The blood clotted in the wound and the man called two men from the Banu Anmar tribe. They looked at it and claimed that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, asked them, "Which of you is the better doctor?" They said, "Is there any good in medicine, Messenger of Allah?" Zayd claimed that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The One who sent down the disease also sent down the remedy."

[Bukhari and Muslim]

13 Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Sa'id said, "I heard that Sa'id ibn Zurara cauterized himself because of a pain in the throat accompanied by blood and he died."

14 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar cauterized for palsy and he had a talisman made for the sting of scorpions.

 

50.6 Washing with Water for a Fever

15 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from Fatima bint al-Mundhir that whenever a woman who had a fever was brought to Asma' bint Abi Bakr, she made du'a' for her and took water and poured it inside her collar. She said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered us to cool it with water."

[Bukhari and Muslim]

16 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Fever is from the vehemence of the heat of Jahannam, so cool it with water."

Malik related to me from Nafi' from Ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Fever is from the vehemence of the heat of Jahannam, so put it out with water."

[Bukhari and Muslim]

 

50.7 Visiting the Invalid and the Evil Omen

17 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When a man visits an invalid, he plunges into mercy to the extent that when he sits with him, it settles in him" or something like that.

[Bukhari and Muslim]

18 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard from Bukayr ibn 'Abdullah ibn al-Ashajj from Ibn 'Atiya that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "There is no contagion, no hama, and no serpent in a hungry belly. However, the possessor of sick livestock must not stop his animals at the same place as the possessor of healthy livestock, but the possessor of healthy livestock may stop wherever he wishes."

They said, "Messenger of Allah, why is that?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "It is harmful."