The Description of the Prophet (May Allah Bless Him and Grant Him Peace)

Al-Muwatta' of Imam Malik

by Imam Malik ibn Anas
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

49.0 The Description of the Prophet (May Allah Bless Him and Grant Him Peace)

 

49.1 Description of the Prophet

1 Yahya related to me from Malik that Rabi'a ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman heard Anas ibn Malik say, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was neither excessively tall nor excessively short. He was neither very pallid nor very dark. He did not have curly hair or straight hair. Allah commissioned him at the age of forty. He stayed in Makka ten years and at Madina for ten years. When Allah, the Mighty, the Majestic, caused him to die, he was sixty, and there were not twenty white hairs in his hair or beard, may Allah bless him and grant him peace."

[In Bukhari 3354, and Muslim]

 

49.2 Description of 'Isa ibn Maryam, Peace be upon Him, and the Dajjal

2 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I dreamt one night that I was at the Ka'ba, and I saw a dark man like the most handsome of dark men you have ever seen. He had hair which reached to between his ears and his shoulders like the most excellent of such hair that you have ever seen. He had combed his hair, and water was dripping from it. He was leaning on two men or on the shoulders of two men doing tawaf around the Ka'ba. I asked, 'Who is this?' I was told, 'The Messiah, son of Maryam.' Then we were with a man with wiry hair who was blind in his right eye, which resembled a floating grape. I asked, 'Who is this?' I was told, 'This is the Dajjal (lit. Dajjal Messiah).' "

[Bukhari and Muslim]

 

49.3 Sunna of the Fitra*

3 Yahya related to me from Malik from Sa'id ibn Abi Sa'id al-Maqburi from his father that Abu Hurayra said, "There are five things which are part of the fitra: cutting the nails, trimming the moustache, removing the hair from the armpit, shaving the pubic region and circumcision."

* Fitra: the ancient customs (sunna) chosen by the Prophets.

[Bukhari and Muslim]

4 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said, "Ibrahim, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was the first to offer hospitality to the guest and the first person to be circumcised and the first person to trim the moustache and the first person to see grey hair. He said, 'O Lord! What is this?' Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, said, 'It is dignity, Ibrahim.' He said, 'Lord, increase me in dignity.' "

Yahya said that he had heard Malik say, "One takes from the moustache until the edge of the lip appears - that is the rim. One does not cut it off completely so that one mutiliates oneself."

 

49.4 Prohibition against Eating with the Left Hand

5 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zubayr from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah as-Salami that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade a man to eat with his left hand or walk in one sandal or wrap a single garment around his drawn-up legs exposing his genitals.

[In Muslim]

6 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Abu Bakr ibn 'Ubaydullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When you eat, eat with your right hand and drink with your right. Shaytan eats with his left hand and drinks with his left hand."

[In Muslim]

 

49.5 The Very Poor

7 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from al-A'raj from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The very poor are not those people who constantly walk from person to person and are given one or two morsels and one or two dates." They asked, "Then who are the very poor, Messenger of Allah?" He said, "People who do not find enough for themselves and other people are not aware of them to give sadaqa to them, and they do not start begging from other people."

[In Bukhari 1409 and Muslim]

8 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ibn Bujayd al-Harithi (formerly al-Ansari) from his grandmother that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Give to the very poor, if only a roasted hoof."

[In an-Nasa'i]

 

49.6 The Intestines of the Unbeliever

9 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from al-A'raj that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The Muslim eats in one intestine and the unbeliever eats in seven!' "

[Bukhari and Muslim]

10 Yahya related to me from Malik from Suhayl ibn Abi Salih from his father from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, gave hospitality to a guest who was an unbeliever. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered a sheep to be brought for him and it was milked. He drank its milk. Then another came and he drank it. Then another came and he drank it until he had drunk the milk of seven sheep. In the morning he became Muslim, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered a sheep for him. It was milked and he drank its milk. Then he ordered another for him but he could not finish it. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The believer drinks in one intestine and the unbeliever drinks in seven intestines."

[In Muslim]

 

49.7 Prohibition against Drinking from Silver Vessels and Blowing into Drinks

11 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' from Zayd ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar ibn al-Khattab from 'Abdullah ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr as-Siddiq from Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A person who drinks from a silver vessel brings the fire of Jahannam into his belly."

[In Bukhari and Muslim]

12 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ayyub ibn Habib, the mawla of Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas that Abu'l-Muthanna al-Juhani said that he was with Marwan ibn al-Hakam when Abu Sa'id al-Khudri came to him. Marwan ibn al-Hakam asked Abu Sa'id, "Have you heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade blowing into drinks?" Abu Sa'id said to him, "Yes. A man said to him, 'Messenger of Allah, I am not quenched in a single breath.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to him, 'Remove the cup from your mouth and then breathe.' The man said, 'Sometimes I see something floating in it?' He said, 'Then pour it out.' "

[In at-Tirmidi]

 

49.8 Drinking while Standing

13 Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, 'Ali ibn Abi Talib and 'Uthman ibn 'Affan drank while standing.

14 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that 'A'isha, Umm al-Muminin, and Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas did not see any harm in a man drinking while standing.

15 Yahya related to me from Malik that Abu Ja'far al-Qari said, "I saw 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar drink while standing."

16 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Amir ibn 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr that his father used to drink while standing.

 

49.9 The Sunna about Drinking and Passing to the Right

17 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought some milk which was mixed with well-water. There was a Bedouin on his right and Abu Bakr as-Siddiq was on his left. He drank and then gave it to the Bedouin, saying, "The right hand to the right hand."

[In Bukhari and Muslim]

18 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Hazim ibn Dinar from Sahl ibn Sa'd al-Ansari that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought a drink and he drank some of it. There was a boy on his right and some old men on his left. He said to the boy, "Will you give me permission to give it to these people?" The boy said, "No, Messenger of Allah. I will not prefer anyone to get my portion from you." Sahl said, "So the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, placed it in his hand."

[In Bukhari and Muslim]

 

49.10 General Section on Food and Drink

19 Yahya related to me from Malik that Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha heard Anas ibn Malik say that Abu Talha had said to Umm Sulaym, "I have just been listening to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his voice was very weak. I recognised hunger in it, so do you have anything?" She replied, "Yes," and brought out some barley loaves. She took her long head scarf and wrapped up the bread in part of it and put it into Anas' hand and gave him part of it to wear. Then she sent him to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace.

Anas continued, "I took it and found the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sitting in the mosque with some people. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Did Abu Talha send you?' I replied, 'Yes.' He said, 'For food?' I said, 'Yes.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said to those with him, 'Let us go.' He set off and I went along with them until I came to Abu Talha and told him. Abu Talha said, 'Umm Sulaym! The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, has brought people and we have no food. What shall we give them to eat?' She said, 'Allah and His Messenger know best.'

"Abu Talha went out and met the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, approached with Abu Talha until they entered the house. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Come now, Umm Sulaym, what have you got?' She brought out bread. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ordered it to be broken into pieces, and Umm Sulaym squeezed out onto it a container of clarified butter which she had seasoned. Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said whatever Allah wished him to say and said, 'Will you give permission for ten of them to come in?' He gave them permission and they ate until they were full and then left. He said, 'Go and give permission to ten more.' He gave them permission, and they ate until they were full and left. Then he said, 'Give permission to ten more.' He gave them permission and they ate until they were full and left. He said, 'Give permission to ten more.' He gave permission and they ate until they were full and left. There were seventy or eighty men."

[In Bukhari and Muslim]

20 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from al-A'raj from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "The food of two is enough for three, and the food of three is enough for four."

[In Bukhari and Muslim]

21 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zubayr al-Makki from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Lock the door, tie up the waterskin, turn the vessel over or cover it and put out the lamp. Shaytan does not open a locked door or untie a tied knot or uncover a vessel. A mouse may set fire to people's houses about them."

[In Muslim]

22 Yahya related to me from Malik from Sa'id ibn Abi Sa'id al-Maqburi from Abu Shurayh al-Ka'bi that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should speak good words or be silent. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be generous to his neighbour. Whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day should be generous to his guest. His welcome is for a day and a night, and his hospitality is for three days. Whatever is more than that is sadaqa. It is not halal for a guest to stay with a man until he becomes a burden."

[In Bukhari and Muslim]

23 Yahya related to me from Malik from Sumayy, the mawla of Abu Bakr, from Abu Salih as-Samman from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A man was walking on a road when he became very thirsty. He found a well and went into it and drank and then came out. There was a dog panting and eating earth out of thirst. The man said, 'This dog has become as thirsty as I was.' He went down into the well and filled his shoe and then held it in his mouth until he climbed out and gave the dog water to drink. Allah thanked him for it and forgave him." They said, "Messenger of Allah, do we have a reward for taking care of beasts?" He said, "There is a reward for every one with a moist liver."

[In Bukhari 2234 and Muslim]

24 Yahya related to me from Malik from Wahb ibn Kaysan that Jabir ibn 'Abdullah said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a delegation to the coast. Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah was in command of them. There were three people and I was one of them. We went out until head gone part of the way and our provisions were finished. Abu 'Ubayda ordered that the provisions of the army be gathered up and they amounted to two containers of dates. He used to give us a little provision from it each day until it was finished, and we used to have only a single date each. I said, 'What is the use of one date?' He said, 'We will certainly feel its loss when they are finished.' "

Jabir continued, "Then we reached the sea and there was a fish like a small mountain. The army ate from it for eighteen nights. Then Abu 'Ubayda ordered two ribs from it to be set up. Then he commanded that a camel be ridden underneath them and it did not touch them."

[In Bukhari 2351 and Muslim]

25 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from 'Amr ibn Sa'd ibn Mu'adh from his grandfather that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "O believing women, none of you must consider even a roasted sheep's trotter too small to give to her neighbour."

[In Bukhari 2427 and Muslim]

26 Yahya related to me from Malik that 'Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'May Allah curse the Jews! They were forbidden to eat fat, so they sold it and ate its price."

[In Bukhari 2111 and Muslim]

27 Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that 'Isa ibn Maryam used to say, "O tribe of Isra'il! You must drink pure water and the green things of the land, and barley bread. Beware of having wheat bread, for you wiill not be grateful enough for it."

28 Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard thatthe Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, entered the mosque and found Abu Bakr as-Siddiq and 'Umar ibn al-Khattab there. He questioned them and they said, "Hunger has driven us out." The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "And hunger has brought me out." They went to Abu'l-Haytham ibn at-Tayyihan al-Ansari who ordered some barley that was in the house be prepared and he got up to slaughter a sheep for them. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Leave the one with milk." He slaughtered a sheep for them and brought them pure sweet water which was hanging on a palm tree. Then they were brought the food and ate it and drank the water. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, recited, "Then you will be asked that Day about the pleasures you enjoyed." (102:8)

[In Muslim]

29 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab was eating bread with ghee. He summoned one of the desert people and he began to eat and mop up the grease in the dish with a morsel of bread. 'Umar said, "It is as if you were poor." He said, "By Allah, I have not eaten ghee nor have I seen food with it since such-and-such a time!" 'Umar declared, "I shall not eat clarified butter until people are give life again like they were first given life (i.e. on the Day of Rising)."

30 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha that Anas ibn Malik said, "I saw 'Umar ibn al-Khattab when he was Amir al-Muminin being given a sa' of dates and he ate all of them, even the inferior ones."

Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abdullah ibn Dinar that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab was asked about locusts. He said, 'I would like to have a basket of them from which we could eat.' "

31 Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn 'Amr ibn Halhala that Humayd ibn Malik ibn Khuthaym said, "I was sitting with Abu Hurayra on his land at al-'Aqiq. Some people rode out from Madina to call upon Abu Hurayra. He told me to go to his mother, sending his greetings and asking her to prepare some food."

Humayd continued, "She set down three loaves on a plate and some oil and salt. Then she put it on my head and I carried it to them. When I set it before them, Abu Hurayra said, 'Allah is greater,' and added, 'Praise be to Allah who has filled us with bread after our food had previously only been water and dates,' as the people did not touch any of the food.

"When they left, he said, 'O son of my brother, be good to your sheep and wipe the mucus from them and clean their pen. Pray in their quarter for they are among the animals of the Garden. By He in Whose Hand my soul is, a time is about to come upon people when a small group of sheep will be more beloved to their owner than the house of Marwan.' "

32 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Nu'aym that Wahb ibn Kaysan said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought food while his stepson, 'Umar ibn Salama, was with him. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, told him, ' Say "Bismillah" and eat what is in front of you.' "

[In Bukhari]

33 Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Sa'id said that he had heard al-Qasim ibn Muhammad say that a man came to 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas and said to him, "I have an orphan who has camels. Can I drink from the camels' milk?" Ibn 'Abbas said, "If you search for the lost camels of his and treat the camels' mange and fill in the cracks in their water basin and give them water on the day they drink, then drink the milk without doing any harm to the suckling camels by milking their mothers excessively."

34 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa that his father never brought food nor drink, nor even a remedy which he consumed but that he said, "Praise be to Allah who has guided us and given us to drink and blessed us! Allah is greater! O Allah! We have found Your blessing accompanying every evil, give us every good in the morning and evening! We ask You for its completion and for gratitude. There is no good except Your good. There is god other than You, the God of the right-acting and the Lord of the Worlds. Praise be to Allah! There is no god but Allah. What Allah wills. There is no power except in Allah. O Allah, bless us in what You have provided us with and protect us from the punishment of the Fire!"

Al-hamdu lillahi'lladhi hadana wa at'amana was saqana wa na''amana. Allahu akbar. Allahumma, alfatna ni'matuka bi-kulli sharr. Fa asbahna minha wa amsayna bi-kulli khayr. Nas'aaluka tamamaha wa shukraha. La khayr illa khayruk. Wa la ilaha ghayruk, ilaha's-salihin wa rabbi'l-'alamin. Al-hamdu lillah. Wa la ilaha illa'llah. Ma sha'a'llah. Wa la quwwata illa billah. Allahumma, barik lana fima razaqtana. Waqina 'adhaban-nar.

35 Yahya said that Malik was asked, "Can a woman eat with other than her relative or slave?" Malik said, "There is no harm in that if it is in a manner which is accepted for a woman to eat with men."

Malik said, "A woman sometimes eats with her husband and with others he dines with or with her brother in the same way. It is disapproved of for a woman to be alone with a man when there is no relationship between them by blood, marriage or suckling that would prevent him marrying her."

 

49.11 Eating Meat

36 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "Beware of meat. It has addictiveness like the addictiveness of wine."

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab saw Jabir ibn 'Abdullah carrying some meat. He said, "What is this?" He replied, "Amir al-Muminin, we desired meat and I bought some meat for a dirham." 'Umar said, "Does one of you want to fill his belly to the exclusion of his neighbour or nephew? How can you overlook this ayat? 'You dissipated the good things you had in your worldly life and enjoyed yourself in it.' (46:20)"

 

49.12 Wearing Rings

37 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abdullah ibn Dinar from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to wear a gold ring. Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up and threw it away and said, "I will never wear it a." He said, "So the people threw away their rings."

[In Bukhari]

38 Yahya related to me from Malik that Sadaqa ibn Yasar said, "I asked Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab about wearing a ring. He said, "Wear it and tell people that I gave you that decision."

 

49.13 Pulling off Necklaces and Bells from the Necks of Camels

39 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr from 'Abbad ibn Tamim that Abu Bashir al-Ansari told him that he was with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, on one of his journeys. He related, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent a messenger." ('Abdullah ibn Abi Bakr said, "I think that he said it was while the people were in their resting place.") The messenger said, "Do not let a single-string necklace or any necklace remain unbroken on the neck of a camel."

Yahya said, "I heard Malik say, 'I think that was because of the evil eye.' "

[cf Bukhari 2843]