Dress

Al-Muwatta' of Imam Malik

by Imam Malik ibn Anas
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

48.0 Dress

 

48.1 Wearing Clothes for Beautification

1 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam that Jabir ibn 'Abdbir ibn 'Abdullah al-Ansari said, "We went out with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, in the raid on the Banu Anmar tribe." Jabir said, "I was resting under a tree when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came up. I said, 'Messenger of Allah, come into the shade.' So the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came and sat down, and I stood up and went to a bag that we had. I looked in it for something and found a small cucumber and broke it. Then I brought it to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. He said, 'Where did you get this from?' I said, 'We brought it from Madina, Messenger of Allah.' "

Jabir continued, "We had a friend with us whom we used to equip to go out to guard our mounts. I gave him what was necessary and then he turned to go to the mounts. He was wearing two threadbare cloaks he owned. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, looked at him and said, 'Does he have two garments other than these?' I said, 'Yes, Messenger of Allah. He has two garments in the bag. I gave them to him,' and he said, 'Let him go and put them on.' I told him to go out to put them on. As he turned to go, the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, exclaimed, 'May Allah strike his neck! Isn't that better for him?' He said (taking him literally), 'Messenger of Allah, in the way of Allah!' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'In the way of Allah.' "

Jabir added, "The man was killed in the way of Allah."

2 Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "I love to look at a Qur'an reader who is wearing white garments."

3 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ayyub ibn Abi Tamim that Ibn Sirin said, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, 'Allah has been generous to you, so be generous to yourselves. A man should wear a combination of his garments.' "

 

48.2 Wearing Dyed Garments and Gold

4 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar wore garments dyed with red earth and dyed with saffron.

Yahya said that he he heard Malik say, "I disapprove of youths wearing any gold because I heard that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade wearing gold rings, and I disapprove of it for males, old or young."

[Bukhari and Muslim]

Yahya said, "I heard Malik say about men wearing wraps dyed with safflower in their houses and courtyards, 'I do not know that it is haram but I prefer other garments to them.' "

 

48.3 Wearing Silk

5 Malik related to me from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father that 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, dressed 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr in a shawl of silk which 'A'isha used to wear.

 

48.4 Clothes Disapproved for Women to Wear

6 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Alqama ibn Abi 'Alqama that his mother said, "Hafsa bint 'Abd ar-Rahman visited 'A'isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and Hafsa was wearing a long thin head scarf. 'A'isha tore it in two and made a wide one for her."

7 Yahya related to me from Malik from Muslim ibn Abi Maryam from Abu Salih that Abu Hurayra said, "Women who are naked even though they are wearing clothes, go astray and make others go astray, and they will not enter the Garden nor will they experience its fragrance, and its fragrance can be experienced from as far as the distance travelled in five hundred years."

[In Muslim]

8 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id from Ibn Shihab that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, stood up in the night and looked at the horizon and said, "What treasures has the night opened? What trials have occurred? How many are dressed in this world and will be naked on the Day of Rising! Warn the women in their rooms."

 

48.5 A Man Trailing His Garments

9 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Abdullah ibn Dinar from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A person who trails his garment out of arrogance will not be looked at by Allah on the Day of Rising."

10 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from al-A'raj from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "On the Day of Rising, Allah, the Blessed, the Exalted, will not look at a person who trails his lower garment out of arrogance."

[In Bukhari]

11 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi', 'Abdullah ibn Dinar and Zayd ibn Aslam that all of them informed him from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "On the Day of Rising, Allah will not look at a person who trailed his garment out of arrogance."

[In Bukhari]

12 Yahya related to me from Malik from al-'Ala' ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman that his father said, "I asked Abu Sa'id al-Khudri about the lower garment. He said that he would inform me with knowledge and that he had heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'The lower garment of the believer should reach to the middle of his calves. There is no harm in what is between that and the ankles. What is lower than that is in the Fire. What is lower than that is in the Fire. On the Day of Rising, Allah will not look at a person who trails his lower garment out of arrogance.' "

[In Abu Dawud]

 

48.6 A Woman Trailing Her Garments

13 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu Bakr ibn Nafi' from his father, Nafi', the mawla of Ibn 'Umar, that Safiyya bint Abi 'Ubayd informed him that Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said that when the lower garment of women was mentioned to the Messenger of Allah, he said, "She should let it down a hand-span."* Umm Salama said, "And if it leaves her uncovered?" He said, "Then the length of a forearm and let her not increase it."

* From mid-calf. See hadith 12.

[See Abu Dawud]

 

48.7 Wearing Sandals

14 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from al-A'raj from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Do not wear one sandal. Wear both of them or go with both feet bare."

[Bukhari and Muslim]

15 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from al-A'raj from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When you put on sandals, begin with the right foot. When you take them off, begin with the left foot. The right foot is the first to be put in the sandal and the last to be taken out."

[In Bukhari]

16 Yahya related to me from Malik from his paternal uncle, Abu Suhayl ibn Malik, from his father that Ka'b al-Ahbar said to a man who took off his sandals, "Why have you taken off your sandals? Perhaps you have interpreted this ayat, 'Take off your sandals. You are in the holy valley of Tuwa'? (20:12) Do you know what the sandals of Musa were?"

Malik (Abu Suhayl's father) said, "I do not know what the man answered." Ka'b said, "They were made from the skin of a dead donkey."

 

48.8 Ways of Dressing

17 Yahya related to me from Malik from Abu'z-Zinad from al-A'raj that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, forbade two kinds of sale. Mulamasa, in which a man is obliged to buy whatever he touches without any choice in the matter, and munabadha, in which two men throw their garment to each other without either seeing the other's garment. He also forbade two ways of dressing. One in which a man sits with his legs drawn up to his chest wrapped in one garment that does not cover his genitals, and the other in which a man wraps a single garment over one arm and shoulder restricting them."

[Bukhari]

18 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' from 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar that 'Abdullah saw a silk robe at the door of the mosque. He said, "Messenger of Allah, would you buy this robe and wear it on Jumu'a and when envoys come to you?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "No one wears this but a person who has no portion in the Next World." Then the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was brought some robes of the same material and gave one of them to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab. 'Umar said, "Messenger of Allah, do you clothe me in it when you said what you said about the robe of 'Utarid?" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "I did not give it to you to wear." 'Umar gave it to a brother of his in Makka who was still an idolator.

[cf Bukhari 846; also in Muslim]

19 Yahya related to me from Malik that Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha said, "Anas ibn Malik said, 'I saw 'Umar ibn al-Khattab when he was the amir of Madina. Three patches were sewn between his shoulders, one patched over the other.' "