Madina

Al-Muwatta' of Imam Malik

by Imam Malik ibn Anas
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

45 Madina

 

45.1 Making Du'a' for Madina and its People

1 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ishaq ibn 'Abdullah ibn Abi Talha al-Ansari from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "O Allah! Bless them in their measure and bless them in their sa' and mudd." He meant the people of Madina.

[cf Bukhari 2023, also in Muslim]

2 Yahya related to me from Malik from Suhayl ibn Abi Salih from his father that Abu Hurayra said, "When people saw the first fruits of the season, they brought them to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took them and said, 'O Allah, bless us in our fruits! Bless us in our city. Bless us in our sa' and bless us in our mudd. O Allah, Ibrahim is Your slave, Your Khalil and Your Prophet. I am Your slave and Your Prophet. He prayed to You for Makka. I pray to You for Madina the same that He prayed to You for Makka, and the like of it with it.' Then he called the smallest child he saw and gave him the fruits."

[In Muslim]

 

45.2 Residing in Madina and Leaving It

3 Yahya related to me from Malik from Qatan ibn Wahb ibn 'Umayr in al-Ajda' that Yuhannas, the mawla of az-Zubayr ibn al-'Awwam, informed him that he was sitting with 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar during the troubles (at the time of al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf). A female mawla of his came and greeted him. She said, "I want to leave, Abu 'Abd ar-Rahman. The times are harsh for us." 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar told her, "Stay put, O you with little knowledge, for I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'No one will be patient in hunger and hardship in Madina without my being a witness or intercessor for him on the Day of Rising."

[In Muslim]

4 Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir from Jabir ibn 'Abdullah that a Bedouin took an oath of allegiance in Islam with the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. A fever befell the Bedouin at Madina and he went to the Messenger of Allah and said, "Messenger of Allah, release me from my pledge!" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, refused. Then the Bedouin went to him again and said, "Release me from my pledge!" The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, refused. Then he came yet again and said, "Release me from my pledge!" He refused. The Bedouin left and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Madina is like the blacksmith's furnace. It removes impurities and purifies the good."

[In Bukhari and Muslim]

5 Malik related to me from that Yahya ibn Sa'id said, "I heard Abu'l-Hubab Sa'id ibn Yasar say that he heard Abu Hurayra say that he heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'I was ordered to a town which will eat up towns. They used to say "Yathrib" but it is Madina. It expels bad people like the blacksmith's furnace expels impurities from the iron."

[cf Bukhari 1772]

6 Malik related to me from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and gnt him peace, said, "No one leaves Madina preferring to live elsewhere but that Allah will give it better than him in his place."

7 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father from 'Abdullah ibn az-Zubayr that Sufyan ibn Abi Zuhayr said, "I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'Yemen will be conquered and people will be attracted to it, taking their families and whoever obeys them. Madina would have been better for them had they but known. Syria will be conquered and people will be attracted to it, taking their families and whoever obeys them. Madina would have been better for them had they but known. Iraq will be conquered and people will be attracted to it, taking their families and whoever obeys them. Madina would have been better for them had they but known.' "

[cf Bukhari 1776, also in Muslim]

8 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Himas from his paternal uncle from Abu Hurayra that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Madina will be left in the best way until a dog or wolf enters it and urinates on one of the pillars of the mosque or on the mimbar." They asked, "Messenger of Allah, who will have the fruit at that time?" He replied, "Animals seeking food - birds and wild beasts."

[cf Bukhari 1775, also in Muslim]

9 Malik related to me that he had heard that when 'Umar ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz left Madina, he turned back towards it and wept. Then he said, "O Muzahim! Aren't you afraid that we might be among those that Madina casts off?"

 

45.3 Making Madina a Haram

10 Yahya related to me from Malik from 'Amr, the mawla of al-Muttalib, from Anas ibn Malik that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, saw Uhud and said, "This is a mountain which loves us and we love it. O Allah, Ibrahim made Makka a Haram and I will make what is betwen the two tracts of black stones (in Madina) a haram."

[Bukhari and Muslim]

11 Malik related to me from Ibn Shihab from Sa'd ibn al-Musayyab that Abu Hurayra said, "If I had seen a gazelle at Madina, I would have left it to graze and would not have frightened it. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'What is between the two tracts of black stones is a haram.' "

[cf Bukhari 1774]

12 Malik related to me from Yunus ibn Yusuf from 'Ata' ibn Yasar that Abu Ayyub al-Ansari found some boys who had driven a fox into a corner and he chased them away from it.

Malik said, "I only know that he said, 'Have you done this in the haram of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace?' "

13 Yahya related to me from Malik from a man who said, "Zayd ibn Thabit came across me while I was at al-Aswaf (on the outskirts of Madina). I had captured a hawk. He took it from my hands and set it free."

 

45.4 The Epidemic of Madina

14 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father that 'A'isha, Umm al-Muminin, said, "When the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Madina, Abu Bakr and Bilal came down with a fever. I visited them and said, 'Father, how are you. Bilal, how are you?' " She continued, "When Abu Bakr's fever worsened, he would say,

 

"Every man is struck down among his
   people in the morning -
Death is nearer
   than the strap of his sandal."

When the fever left Bilal, he raised his voice and said,

"Would that I knew whether I would
    spend a night in the valley of Makka
with the sweet rushes and panic grass
    around me!
Will I one day return
   to the waters of Majinna?
Will the mountains of Shama and
    Tafil loom before me?*"

'A'isha continued, I went to the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and told him. He said, 'O Allah! Make us love Madina as much as we love Makka or even more! Make it healthy and bless us in our sa' and our mudd. Remove its fever and put it in al-Juhfa!' "

[In Bukhari 3711, and Muslim]

* Sweet rushes and panic grass are two plants that grow in the valley of Makka. Majinna is a market-place a few miles from Makka. Shama and Tafil are two mountains about 30 miles from Makka.

15 Malik said that Yahya ibn Sa'id had related to him that 'A'isha said that 'Amir ibn Fuhayra had recited at the time of the epidemic,

"I have seen death before tasting it,
   the coward's death is above him."

16 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nu'aym ibn 'Abdullah al-Mujmir that Abu Hurayra said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'There are angels at the entries of Madina, and neither plague nor the Dajjal will enter it.' "

[cf. Bukhari 1781]

 

45.5 The Expulsion of the Jews from Madina

17 Yahya related to me from Malik from Isma'il ibn Abi Hakim that he heard 'Umar ibn 'Abd al-'Aziz say, "One of the last things that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said was, 'May Allah fight the Jews and the Christians! They took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration. Two deens shall not co-exist in the land of the Arabs.'"

[cf Bukhari  1265; also in Muslim]

18 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Two deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula."

Malik said that Ibn Shihab said, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab searched for information about that until he was absolutely convinced that the Messenger of Allah may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said, 'Two deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula,' and he therefore expelled the Jews from Khaybar."

[Bukhari and Muslim]

19 Malik said, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab expelled the Jews from Najran (a Jewish settlement in the Yemen) and Fadak (a Jewish settlement thirty miles from Madina). When the Jews of Khaybar left they had none of the fruit nor the land. The Jews of Fadak had half the fruit and half the land because the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had made a settlement with them for that. So 'Umar paid them the value in gold, silver, camels, ropes, and saddlebags of half the fruit and half the land, and handed the value over to them and then expelled them."

 

45.6 Concerning Madina

20 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa from his father that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came in view of Uhud and said, "This is a mountain which loves us and we love it."

21 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id from 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn al-Qasim that Aslam, the mawla of 'Umar ibn al-Khattab, informed him that he had visited 'Abdullah ibn 'Ayyash al-Makhzumi. He saw that he had some nabidh with him which he was taking to Makka at that moment. Aslam said to him, "'Umar ibn al-Khattab loves this drink." 'Abdullah ibn 'Ayyash therefore carried a large drinking bowl and brought it to 'Umar ibn al-Khattab and placed it before him. 'Umar brought it near to him and then raised his head and said, "This drink is good." 'Umar drank some of it and passed it to a man on his left. 'Abdullah turned to go. 'Umar ibn al-Khattab called him and asked, "Are you the person who says that Makka is better than Madina?" 'Abdullah said, "I said that it was the haram of Allah and His place of security and that His House was in it." 'Umar said, "I am not saying anything about the House of Allah or His haram." Then 'Abdullah left.

 

45.7 About the Plague

22 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from 'Abd al-Hamid ibn 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn Zayd ibn al-Khattab from 'Abdullah ibn 'Abdullah ibn al-Harith ibn Nawfal from 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab set out for Syria. When he was at Sargh, near Tabuk, the commanders of the army, Abu 'Ubayda ibn al-Jarrah and his companions, met him and told him that the plague had broken out in Syria. Ibn 'Abbas said that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, "Call the first Muhajirun to me." He assembled them and asked them for advice, informing them that the plague had broken out in Syria. They disagreed about what to do. Some said, "You have set out for something and we do not think that you should abandon it." Others said, "You have the Companions of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and the rest of the people with you and we do not think that you should send them towards this plague." 'Umar said, "Leave me."

Then he said, "Summon the Ansar to me." They were summoned and he asked them for advice. They behaved as the Muhajirun had and disagreed just as they had disagreed previously. He said, "Leave me." Then he said, "Summon to me whoever is here of the aged men of Quraysh of the Muhajirun of the Conquest." They were summoned and not one of them differed. They said, "We think that you should withdraw the people and not send them towards the plague." 'Umar called out to the people, "I am leaving by camel in the morning, so you should do the same." Abu 'Ubayda said, "Is it flight from the decree of Allah?" 'Umar said, "Better that someone other than you had said it, Abu 'Ubayda. Yes, we flee from the decree of Allah to the decree of Allah. What would you think if these camels had gone down into a valley which had two slopes, one of them fertile and the other barren? If you pastured in the fertile part, wouldn't you pasture them by the decree of Allah? If you pastured them in the barren part, wouldn't you pasture them by the decree of Allah?"

'Abd ar-Rahman, who had been off doing something, arrived and he said, "I have some knowledge of this. I heard the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, say, 'If you hear about it in a land, do not go forward to it. If it comes upon a land where you are, then do not depart in flight from it.' " 'Umar praised Allah and then set off.

23 Yahya related to me from Malik from Muhammad ibn al-Munkadir and from Salim ibn Abi'n-Nadr, the mawla of 'Umar ibn 'Ubaydullah, that 'Amir ibn Sa'd ibn Abi Waqqas heard his father ask Usama ibn Zayd, "Have you heard anything from the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, about the plague?" Usama said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'The plague is a punishment which was sent down on a party of the tribe of Isra'il or whoever was before them. When you hear of it in a land, do not enter it. If it comes upon a land where you are, do not depart in flight from it.' "

Malik said that Abu'n-Nadir said, "That is, do not depart with no intention other than flight."

[cf Bukhari 3286; and in Muslim]

24 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from 'Abdullah ibn 'Amir ibn Rabi'a that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab set out for Syria. When he reached Sargh, near Tabuk, he heard that the plague had broken out in Syria. 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn 'Awf told him that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'If you hear that a land has plague in it, do not advance to it. If it comes upon a land where you are, do not depart in flight from it.' " 'Umar ibn al-Khattab came back from Sargh.

25 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Salim ibn 'Abdullah that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab turned people back at Sargh according to the hadith of 'Abd ar-Rahman ibn 'Awf.

26 Yahya related to me that Malik said, "I heard that 'Umar ibn al-Khattab said, 'I prefer a night in Rukba (a valley near Ta'if) to ten nights in Syria.' "

Malik said, "He meant to lengthen and preserve their lives because of the severity of the plague in Syria."