The 'Aqiqa

Al-Muwatta' of Imam Malik

by Imam Malik ibn Anas
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

26.0 The 'Aqiqa

 

26.1 About the 'Aqiqa

1 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from a man of the Banu Damra that his father said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked about the 'aqiqa. He said, 'I do not like disobedience ('uquq),' as if he disliked the name. He said, 'If anyone has a child born to him, and wants to sacrifice for his child, then let him do it.' "

[Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i]

2 Yahya related to me from Malik from Ja'far ibn Muhammad that his father said, "Fatima, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, weighed the hair of Hasan, Husayn, Zaynab and Umm Kulthum, and gave away in sadaqa an equivalent weight of silver."

3 Yahya related to me from Malik from Rabi'a ibn Abi 'Abd ar-Rahman that Muhammad ibn 'Ali ibn al-Husayn said, "Fatima, the daughter of the Messenger of Allah, weighed the hair of Hasan and Husayn, and gave away in sadaqa the equivalent weight in silver."

 

26.2 Behaviour in the 'Aqiqa

4 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' that if any of 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar's family asked him for an 'aqiqa, he would give it to them. He gave a sheep as 'aqiqa for both his male and female children.

5 Yahya related to me from Malik from Rabi'a ibn Abi 'Abd ar-Rahman that Muhammad ibn al-Harith at-Taymi said, "I heard my father say that the 'aqiqa was desirable, even if it was only a sparrow."

6 Yahya related to me from Malik that he heard that there had been an 'aqiqa for Hasan and Husayn, the sons of 'Ali ibn Abi Talib.

[Abu Dawud and an-Nasa'i]

7 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa that his father, 'Urwa ibn az-Zubayr made an 'aqiqa for his male and female children of a sheep each.

Malik said, "What we do about the 'aqiqa is that if someone makes an 'aqiqa for his children, he gives a sheep for both male and female. The 'aqiqa is not obligatory but it is desirable to do it, and it is something which people continue to do here (i.e. Madina). If someone makes an 'aqiqa for his children, the same rules apply as with all sacrificial animals - one-eyed, emaciated, injured, or sick animals must not be used, and neither the meat or the skin is to be sold. The bones are broken and the family eat the meat and give some of it away as sadaqa. The child is not smeared with any of the blood.