Slaughtering Animals

Al-Muwatta' of Imam Malik

by Imam Malik ibn Anas
Translated by: Ustadha Aisha Bewley

24.0 Slaughtering Animals

 

24.1 Saying the Name of Allah over the Slaughtered Animal

1 Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn 'Urwa that his father said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him ph bless him and grant him peace, was asked, 'Messenger of Allah! Some people from the desert bring us meat, and we do not know whether the name of Allah has been mentioned over it or not.' The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, 'Mention the name of Allah over it and eat.' "

Malik said, "That was at the beginning of Islam."

[In Bukhari]

2 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that 'Abdullah ibn 'Ayyash ibn Abi Rabi'a al-Makhzumi told one of his slaves to slaughter an animal. When he wanted to slaughter it, he said to him, "Mention Allah's name." The slave said to him, "I have mentioned the name!" He said to him, "Mention the name of Allah, bother you!" He said to him, "I have mentioned the name of Allah." 'Abdullah ibn 'Ayyash said, "By Allah, I shall never eat it!"

 

24.2 Methods of Slaughter Permitted in Necessity

3 Yahya related to me from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from 'Ata' ibn Yasar that a man of the Ansar from the tribe of Banu Haritha was herding a pregnant she-camel at Uhud. It was about to die, so he slaughtered it with a sharp stake. The Messenger of Allah was asked about that, and he said, "There is no harm in it, eat it."

[mursal]

4 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' from a one of the Ansar from Mu'adh ibn Sa'd or Sa'd ibn Mu'adh that a slave-girl of Ka'b ibn Malik was herding some sheep at Sal' (a mountain near Madina). One of the sheep was about to die, so she went over to it and slaughtered it with a stone. The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked about that, and he said, "There is no harm in it, so eat it."

[In Bukhari]

5 Yahya related to me from Malik from Thawr ibn Zayd ad-Dili that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas was asked about animals slaughtered by the Christian Arabs. He said, "There is no harm in them," but he recited this ayat, "Any of you who takes them as friends is one of them." (5:54)

6 Yahya related to me from Malik that 'Abdullah ibn 'Abbas used to say, "You can eat anything that has had its jugular vein cut."

Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that Sa'id ibn al-Musayayb said. "There is no harm in whatever you slaughter with a cutting edge, as long as you are forced to do it by necessity."

 

24.3 What is Disapproved of in Slaughtering Animals

 

7 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yahya ibn Sa'id that Abu Murra, the mawla of 'Aqil ibn Abi Talib, asked Abu Hurayra about a sheep which was told and then part of it moved. He ordered him to eat it. Then he asked Zayd ibn Thabit about it, and he said, "Does a corpse move?" and he forbade eating its meat.

Malik was asked about a sheep which fell down and injured itself badly and then its master reached it and slaughtered it. Blood flowed from it but it did not move. Malik said, "If he kills it and blood flows from it and its eyes blink, he may eat."

 

24.4 Slaughtering What is in the Womb of a Slaughtered Animal

8 Yahya related to me from Malik from Nafi' that 'Abdullah ibn 'Umar said, "When a she-camel is slaughtered, what is in its womb is included in the slaughter if it is perfectly formed and its hair has begun to grow. If it comes out of its mother's womb, it is slaughtered so that blood flows from its heart."

9 Yahya related to me from Malik from Yazid ibn 'Abdullah ibn Qusayt al-Laythi that Sa'id ibn al-Musayyab said, "The slaughter of what is in the womb is included in the slaughter of the mother if it is perfectly formed and its hair has begun to grow."